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C. I. FASSETT SPEAK —f-. « Spokane Commissioner Addresses Students on "Ideals of Citizen ship" in Auditorium Thursday C. M. Fassett, one of the commis sioners of Spokane, and formerly president of the Spokane Chamber of Commerce, addressed the student body in the auditorium Thursday morning during the second class per iod. Mr. Fassett came here under the auspices of the Twentieth Cen tury Club. "Ideals of Citizenship" was the speaker's subject. He called atten tion to the appropriateness of such a topic for discussion on the birth day of that Ideal citizen, Abraham Lincoln. Lincoln's | service to the country makes him stand out M * model of good citizenship. "This word 'service' is the key note to a happy life." declared the speaker. It Is a prime factor in the development of good character, which, in turn, is necessary to good citizenship. "One person 1 have to make good, and this is myself." If we make good ourselves, we shall be good citizens. Applying this principle, Mr. Fas sett declared that we, as students who have the advantage of higher education, and who are indebted to the state for the opportunity to ob tain such education, have greater re sponsibilities to become good citizens than those who are less fortunate. This is true, not only because we owe our education to the state, and there fore have a debt to pay, but also be cause, having received better train ing, we must live up to a higher standard. It devolves upon the bet ter trained to solve the problems which those who have not a college education can not solve. Mr. Fassett believes that the prob lems which we have to solve have be come greater as our ability to solve them has increased. The changed conditions of today show this to be a fact. "The laws of our fathers' day were made to fit the conditions of our fathers' time, but this is a r.ew day." Fifty years ago the prob lem was to cut the forests; now It is to raise them. Then the problem of the West was cattle raising, now it is crop raising. Then the prob lems of business were those of the small partnership; now they are those of colossal corporate bodies. Then the problems of manufacturing were those of the small shop; now they are those of the great factory and manufacturing plant. So the conditions with which we have to cope demand a lofty stand ard of citizenship. To attain this standard of citizenship certain quali ties of character are prerequisite. "Self-respect is the basis of all good citizenship," said Mr. Fassett. This quality of character is more in clusive than appears at first glance. Self-respect can be acquired only by the practice of honesty and by atten tion to duty. So, without self respect good citizenship is unattain able. Optimism is another requirement of. good citizenship. "We have a right to approach the accomplish ment of our tasks with optimism," said the speaker. Not with the silly optimism of the short-sighted, not with the optimism of the selfish, nor yet with the idealistic optimism of Joaquin Miller; but with the prac tical optimism which not only sees bright prospects, but works to make them realities. Further, to be good citizens, "we must," said Mr. Fassett, "be able to answer 'yes* to the question, 'Are you willing to sacrifice yourself to the public good?' " Usefulness must be a quality possessed by every per son who would be of true worth to society. Finally, we must be able to dis cern for ourselves what is right and what is wrong. The closing words of Mr. Fassett brought this point out very strongly: "Where there is no vision people perish." The lecture was well attended. President Bryan presided. At 2 o'clock in the afternoon Mr. and Mrs. Fassett were tendered an informal reception by the Twentieth ' Century Club in Van Doren Hall. On this occasion Mr. Fassett talked _ few moments on the subject "Prayer," after which he presented the club with a copy of Walter Kan chenbusch's "Prayers of the Social Awakening." The gathering was then turned into a question and ans wer meeting, in which the commis sioner replied to queries in regard to single tax, the minimum wage, and the liquor problem. At the close ! of the conference _ R. Jlnnett. presi- I dent of the club, presented Mr Fas-! sett with a copy of the "1914 Chi-! nook.". Mr. and Mrs. Fassett re-1 turned to Spokane on the 3:30 train over the Northern Pacific line. "While in Pullman, Mr. and Mrs. ' Fassett were the guest 3of Professor | and Mrs. F. A. Thomson. "I AHMKHS' WEEK COMKS TO cl.osi: (Continued from first page) ■ Inland Empire Farms Best Professor Tormey hat; traveled through England, France, Scotland, Ireland and most parts of the United, States, and asserted thai thu best farms to be found anywhere are in tho Inland Empire, but that condi t,oiis here are different from most of these places and differed systems >. u.i bo followed Work Bonds in Spring "Oood Roads" was tho topic dis cussed by L. V. Edwards, professor of highway and railway engineering at the college, who mentioned the work ing of roads in the summer as a mis take. Professor Edwards contended that the spring is the proper time to work the roads, when the soil can be made more compact and the dust Incident to summer construction avoided. The use of the split log drag Is the only work which should be done on the road in the summer, he said. Co-Operation li. C. Sampson of Spokane, secre tary of the North Pacific Fruit Dis tributors, spoke Wednesday after noon on" the importance of co-opera tion. He laid much stress upon tho great power of concerted organiza tion for the fruit grower and enumer ated a large number of benefits which accrue through co-operating, Including standard grades and packs, favorable legislation, credit, better prices for fruit and more satisfactory service from the railroads. Criticise! Washington Dairying David Monroe of Spokane com pared the production from cows in Washington with that from cows of other sections and contended that Washington is considerably below the average. Mr. Monroe produced fig ures to show that cows have pro duced as high as 80,000 pounds of milk per year, while in Washington the average is only 8000 pounds. Breeding only from the best animals will make dairying pay and raise Washington to the standard of other states in that respect, contended Mr. Monroe. Other discussions in the dairy section were led by Drs. S. B. Nelson and R. E. Hundertmark. Live Stock Demonstrations In the live stock section a demon- ration in judging swine for breed ing was given by Professor C. F. Monroe. D. S. Bridgofariner of Pa louse, suggested individual houses for brood sows during the winter and R. C. Ashby recommended the feed ing of ground wheat and oats for finishing young pigs In place of shorts and oats. Hog cholera and tuberculosis were discussed by Dr. J. W. Kalkua. Co-operative societies in England have reduced the cost of living 20 per cent, said E. H. Shepherd of Hood River, Ore., before the horti cultural section in his talk on fruit marketing. As factors which assist in the extension of markets the speaker mentioned cold storage, motor trucks and good roads, quick er service in handling fruit and ad vertising. Horticultural Talks Other talks were made in the hor ticultural section by Professor C. C. Vincent of the University of Idaho and Professor V. V. Westgate of W. S. C. Sadie J. Swenson of the home eco nomics department had charge of the women's section in the afternoon and gave two talks on textile study from the housekeepers' standpoint and laundry methods based on a study of textiles. A musical and literary program was given Wednesday evening for the visitors. The college orchestra played and the young ladies' sextet va Mecklem read "The King of Boy vllle." Inspect Buildings A tour of inspection of the college buildings featured the program Thursday morning. Only a short general session was held, after which over an hour was spent In inspection of the work of the various depart ments, the library, museum and other places of interest. Fully 200 farmers, farmers' wives and others interested in better farming attended the general sessions daily, and the combined attendance at the various sectional meetings in the afternoons exceeded that number, "Poultry Raising as a Side Lino" was discussed Thursday morning by Miss Lillian Blanchard, poultry in structor at th" college, who advocat ed starting on a small scale, with probably not more than a dozen hens of pure breeding, then following a system of line breeding until the flock has been increased to from 150 to 300 hens, which would prove v. profitable and pleasant side line for the average farm. The feeding and care of chickens was also dis cussed by Miss Blanchard. Plant Variety of Trees "Plant a considerable number of varieties of trees in the home or chard, so as to obtain a succession oi fruits during the year," said Pro fessor O. M. Morris of the horticul tural department in dealing with tht subject, "The Homo Orchard." Pro fessor Morris asserted that the home orchard should not, under any con sideration, be considered from c commercial standpoint, but that home use only should be taken intc consideration in planting a small orchard. A. G. Craig of the Arcadia Orchard! company, Spokane, in dealing with the pear blight question, stated that the only sure remedy is to remove every branch in the orchard thai it affected, unless the tree Is affected to a large extent, when the entire tree must be removed. Success of Co-operation "Co-operation" was the subject discussed by a. A. Kelly, a Spokane gardener, who mentioned the work ot the Farmers Union and tin Orange as examples of the success which accrues through united action. Professor .1. A. Tormey, director of the W. S. <'. extension department, gave a short, but very pertinent talk en "Rural Life" in which ho stated that instead of envying their city brothers and sisters, the rural resi dents should take much pride in their occupation, Professor Tonnes urged the necessity for loyalty to the state and its institutions. In the absence of .1. 11. Perkins, state commissioner of agriculture', President E. A. Bryan spoke Thurs day afternoon. President Bryan Mentioned the value that would ac crue to the farmer through closer co-operation, especially in an experi mental way, with the State College. Tell Why They Came In an endeavor to get in closer touch with the needs of each man present, Professor J. A. Tormey asked a large number of the visitors why they had come and the answers were varied to large degree. The greater number said they came to learn of advanced farm methods, others came as delegates from farm ers' organizations, one man attended the meetings because he was sent by his employer. .1. C. Farley of Grand view, A. A. Kelly of Spokane and others stated that they came for their own personal benefit, but that next year they will see that the organiza tions with which they are connected send delegates. Suggestions on Dairying In the dairy section .1. L. Smith of Spokane, a breeder of pure bred Hoi st ems, related personal experiences and gave suggestions as to the quali fications of good dairy animals. A. It. Nystrom spoke on advanced reg ister records and O. W. Holmes showed the much greater efficiency of the band separator over any other method of separating cream. "Experiments prove that varieties do not run out if the seed is select ed," said Professor Severance before the grain growers' section. Max Hinrichs, holder of the world's championship for alfalfa seed, gave his experiences in raising seed for commercial purposes. Fruit varities and adaptation were discussed by R. .1. Harnett in the horticultural section, and W. J, Young spoke upon the influence of lack of pollnation in an orchard up on the production. Canning Demonstrations Miss Sutherland of the home eco nomics department gave modern canning demonstrations in the women's section before the largest crowd of the week, while in the live stock section the greater part of the time was taken up in judging demon strations and discussions concerning feeding. Keep Cows Clean "To produce good cream it is es sential first to produce good milk and this tan not be done unless the cows are kept clean and free from disease," said R. F. Hundertmark before the dairy section Friday. Wipe the udder and flanks clean be fore milking and above all use sani tary palls." "All tin breeds of draft horses are good if you select good individuals,' said Professor Monroe. "A mare for breeding should have good conforma tion and he free from unsoundness, Brood mares should be fed a good ration of nitrogenous feed." More common diseases of horses were enumerated and explained by Dr. Nelson. Explain Functions of Experiment Station "One of the chief problems con fronting the human race today is that of food supply, not only for the present race, but for those of the dis tant future," said Dr. Ira i). Cardiff before the general meeting Friday afternoon. Dr. Cardiff called atten tion to the fact that food production is not keeping pace with the in creased population and pointed out that the broad function of the ex periment station is to solve the prob lem. Dr. Cardiff reviewed some of the more Important contributions that the experiment stations of the i country have already made toward the solution of the supply and de mand problem and stated that the American system of experiment sta tions Is the largest system of orig inal research ln the world. Farm Bureau Is Indorsed The organization of the farm de velopment bureau marks an import ant era in the advancement of agri cluture in this state," said Dr. Car diff. "The problems of the farmer in the last 50 years have become ex ceedingly complex and call for keen Intellect, high judgment and skill. "The farmer of today has risen to a social and economic position far above that held by him 50 years ago and is now an Indispensable and in fluential Character in society." "One of the gravest mistakes made by the American farmer of today is his reluctance to make use of the findings of experiment stations and other agricultural institutions," said J. B. Early of Grandview. Mr. Early stated that he has tried out a large number of these ideas deducted through station experimentation, which he applied to his particular farm and found them all successful. How to Help Farm Boys A well kept farm, with plenty of tools and agricultural implements, conducted on business principles, is one of the best means of keping the boy on the farm, according to C. W. Furr of Spokane, secretary of the Holden improvement committee. He said: "The way to keep the boy on the farm is to have a man on the farm v ho recognizes that the farming in dustry has to compete with every other kind of industry. Then the man—and the man's wife— have to take the boys and girls into partner ship and show them how to get into the game. Must Think About the Bay "They have to look after the boy's physical comfort and think about the things he is thinking about. Yes, and they have to fix it so he can ac cumulate a little money. "For one thing, we're going to. show the boys and girls how to go into the corn business. We'll send them tested corn and we'll score that corn and try to demonstrate how the boy can make the corn business pay. "This business of the boy's pig and father's hog is all off." Dean of Women Speaks Miss Rhoda White, dean of women ■it the college, talked on how to keep the girl on the farm and stated that naturally girls are attracted to the city less than the boys and that an attractive farm home, with modern conveniences to alleviate the "farm drudgery," would considerably re duce the influx of farm girls to the cities and towns. Demonstrates Meat Cutting One of the features of the week was the practical demonstration and lecture on the proper methods of cut ting meat by C. Margu.th, which was given before the women's section Fri day afternoon. A keen interest was evidenced by the audience, composed of both men and women, and many questions were asked and answered. Mr. Marguth demonstrated the proper cuts of shoulder steak, cuts for pot roasts and prime rib roasts, and explained how to buy meat, in what shape it should be before being sold and the length of time required for cooking different cuts. The demonstrator asserted that the high pervailing prices of T-bone and sir loin steaks are due to the great de mand for the better cuts. Soil Fertilizer! "Before applying a fertilizer ascer tain by noting the action of the plant growth if a fertilizer is needed," said Professor R. J. Barnett. "Other con ditions being right a poor growth of wood and foliage denotes that nitro gen is lacking in the soil. . Poorly de veloped and misshapen fruit often in dicates lack of phosphorus, while a poor skin color most often means mat the soil Is deficient in potassium. If it is necessary to supply nitrogen use cover crops or barnyard manure. Other elements also are added by the manure, but not to so great an extent by the cover crops. Use commercial fertilizers only when manure and cover crops are impracticable be cause of peculiar conditions or en tirely out of the question from other causes." Advocates Cover Crops The growth of cover crops in or chards was advocated by W. S. Thornber of Lewiston, who pointed out that the kind of a crop to be used varies according to local con ditions. Some orchards need a nitro gen producing crop, while others need a cover crop that will conserve the nitrogen already in the soil. Keep your orchards free from lit ter and reduce the loss from insect pests and infection," said Professor W. O. Ellis, in dealing with the subject, "Insect Hibernation in Or chard Litters," Orchard litters, ac cording to Professor Ellis, are one of the greatest sources of insect infec tion and the money spent in keping the orchard free from litter will pay big dividends in increased profits. Discusses Farm Sanitation In his talk on "Farm Sanitation" Professor O. L. Waller, vice presi dent of the college and professor of mathematics and civil engineering, advanced the idea that the sewage from the cities and towns can be used to good advantage for irriga tion purposes on the farm. This sew age, according to Professor Waller, could be made silnltary by the use of septic tanks. The speaker cited examples of the success of this plan, including Paris and Berlin. "No farm where the use of a sep tic tank is possible should be with out one," said Professor Waller, who explained the purpose and construc tion of the tanks. The contention that an automo bile may be put to good use for power purposes on the farm was ob jected to by Professor I. D. Charlton, professor of farm mechanics, who bused his objection on the assertion that the investment is too great for the character of the work performed and that oftentimes the power would be greater than is actually needed to perform the work. The added wear and tear on the high power automo bile engine over that of the farm en gine of less horsepower was another objection made by Professor Charl ton. The use of gasoline engines for farm power was discussed by Pro cessor Charlton, who explained the construction of the engines and men tioned many good uses to which they may be put. FOR SALE CHEAP Two Shire colts, coming two years old in spring. One Morgan colt, coming two years old in spring. One saddle animal, broke with five gaits, will be three years old in July. One Kentucky Saddler, one year old in May. One single driver and saddler, ten years old; gentle for women and children to drive or saddle; with buggy and harness. All at a bargain— they must go. On account of sickness I will sell on West Main street one five-room bungalow; modern, with full base ment with laundry; city water, elec tricity; with all conveniences; 7% acres of ground, all with good fence. One seven-room house on Metho dist hill; close in; modern; lots 50x 120; good barn. Will sell both properties at a oar gain. Terms to suit purchaser. If interested call on or address HARRY AUSTIN Club Barber Shop, Pullman, Wash. feb2otf VOTERS TAKE NOTICE OF SPECIAL LECTION Notice is hereby given that there will be a Special Election held in the City of Pullman, Washington, on February 24, 1914, as provided by law, for the purpose of voting bonds for the extension and improvement of the water works system in pursu ance of and as contemplated in ordinance No. 262, heretofore passed by the city council of the City of Pullman, Washington, which pro vides for the betterment, extension, addition and improvement of the water works system of the City of Pullman and the payment for the same by the issuance of bonds to the extent of twenty thousand dollars ($20,000.00), or so much thereof as shall be necessary for the improve ments contemplated in said ordi nance. Said bonds to be payable in twenty years from date of issuance and to bear interest at the rate of six per cent per annum. MATILDA F. GANNON, City Clerk. feb6-20 A BARGAIN I am offering my property close in on College hill, consisting of a house of 11 rooms on the ground floor and one room upstairs, with stone founda tion, cost over $3000 to build it; one and a half lots worth $800 a lot: One and a half lots, worth. . . .SI2OO House, now insured for 1000 Furniture, was insured for. .. . 400 $2600 I offer all for $1500 cash. Rooms all taken and average $50 a month the year around, clear of l'ght and fuel. MRS. MARY B. WILLS. jan3otf If your child 13 pale and sickly, p'cks at the nose, starts in the sleep R_d grinds the t^erh while sleeping, it is a sure sign .if worms. A rem edy for these parasites will be found in WHITE'S CREAM VERMIFUGE. It not only clears out the worms, but it restores health and cheerfulness. Frice 26c per bottle. Sold by Watt'] Pharmacy. feb FOR SALE or trade for % acreage in lower altitude, or anything of value, my residence at 1310 State street. A. J. Fulkerth. Janl6feb2o Buy Royal Rose flour of Duthie $5.00 per bbl. Th's flour Is blended with Montana hard wheat. decstf WARTS VlLui Jeff Neilly of the Seats _e_. hood spent from Thursday v*u* day of last week at the Cecil 1 home. ' l Mrs. William Batty i 8 qult . a hospital in Lewiston. Mrs. C. B. Kegley and sou L of Palouse, were down to attew meeting of the Pomona Gran» Friday and were guests at the i Klemgard home. , Mr. and Mrs. Cecil Eaton from Saturday until Monday » home of Mrs. Batons parents, and Mrs. Woods, near Moscow, m Mr. and Mrs. Roy Haxton and dren visited at the Carl Jones 1 near Almota Sunday. Mr. and Mrs. V. L. Higgi, and Mrs. M. Seitz, Mrs. M. L i and Miss Belle Higgins were St guests at the W. W. Snyder hot John Neil spent Sunday wltt parents, Mr. and Mrs. W. S. Nj| The Misses Madge Neil and 1 Story spent a few days the In last week at the J. T. La Pol home. Roy Haxton was called to A last Thursday by the illness b sister, Mrs. I. D. Moys. A son was born to Mr. and John R. Fulfs on Sunday event, Several of the young folks of neighborhood attended the vale; social at Star Grange Saturday n Mr. Harris, who is caring fo: J. E. Peterson home while Mr. Mrs. Peterson are residing in i man, has been quite ill. Sid Green, uncle of Mrs. ff Paullus, 'arrived last week an now at the J. E. Peterson home Mr. and Mrs. Loren Brown i; Sunday at the Bert Davis home. Mr. and Mrs. J. T. LaFolletai daughter, Loretta, Mr. and Mrs B. Lybecker, the Misses Madge! Minnie Story and Myrtle Story, ter Brown, Wade Story and W Lybecker spent Sunday evenin; the C. D. Martin home. Miss Madge Neil was the gue Miss Nellie Kamerrer several this week. Helen Hogan and Nellie Ryai turned on Sunday to the St. i lastica's academy at Colton, i spending several days at theh spective homes. Mrs. V. L. Higgins and Mrs. Davis spent Wednesday at the i Carrothers home. Mr. and Mrs. C. D. Martin guests of Mr. and Mrs. A. J. Wt Sunday. Mrs. George Allen of Pullman at the J. R. Fulfs home this weel Mr. and Mrs. C. D. Martin I Tuesday at the V. L. Higgins 1 Claude Rucker had his right painfully injured last week I loading telephone poles in mountains above Moscow. Mildred Klemgard spent Mo night with Fern Lyle and Tut night with her cousins, the E children. There will be an entertain: and basket social at the Br school on the evening of Febr 28. by the pupils of the school it the direction of Miss Vella Dan A scald, burn, or severe cut I slowly if neglected. The family keeps a bottle of BALLARD'S SS LINIMENT on hand is always pared for such accidents. Price 50c and $1.00 per bottle. Soli Watt's Pharmacy. THE SKIN AND NOT THE B« Until recently it has been j erally accepted theory that crt was a disease of the blood, # tlfic Investigations have taugk' that eczema is positively a ski" ease and curable through -ty f alone. Meritol Eczema Reme* applied directly to the diseased' Do not delay trying Meritol E<# Remedy. H. S. Groat, local »i Remember those 25c value* hose for 15c. At the Variety & I* Take a look at the embroi*j on sale Saturday at C. R. ,*~ Co. store.