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VOLUME XXVI DELAY IN COUNCIL I NETS OWNERS $1800 Bids Accepted by Council for District No. 10 Much Lower Hum Those Rejected Two Weeks Ago Approximately $1800 was saved to the property owners in Local im provement District No. 10 through the action of the city council two weeks ago in rejecting all bids for the paving of the streets in that dis trict. A second call for bids was made and Tuesday night the contract for the paving of the 13,468 square yards Included in the district was let at a figure that much lower than the lowest bid received two weeks ago would have figured. The district in cludes Maiden Lane and abutting streets. Bids were also opened Tuesday for the improvement of district No. 17, which includes 13,249 square yards on Opal, Garfield, Havana. I California, B. A. Ruby and Monroe streets and Linden avenue. Upon the recommendation of- City Engin eer Edwards, the city council, after going into executive session to con sider the estimates, split each of the two contracts, designating bitullthic paving for approximately 8000 square yards in District 10 and 8300 square yards in District 17, and awarding the contract to the War ren Construction company at $2.07 per square yard for 2-inch .top and 4^-inch concrete base on part of District 16, and $1.70 per square yard for 1%-incb top and 3% -inch stone base for all of the paved por tion of District 17 and the remainder of the paved portion of District 16. W. G. Milligan & Co. of Spokane were awarded the contract for 5400 square yards of bituminous macadam in District No. 10 and 5000 square yards in District 17, at 84 cents pel square yard, or 11 cents per square yard lower than the lowest bid on that character of macadam submit ted for District 16 two weeks ago. The bid of the Warren company ..as approximately the same as the one • submitted formerly. Five different firms submitted bids for the improvement, each giv ing figures on both the hard surface Paving and the bituminous ma cadam. C. G. Betts of Spokane offered to lay asphaltic concrete p iv ing, with a 4 M;-inch concrete founda tion, at $i.t",4 per square yard, but his bid on bituminous macadam was $1.20 per square yard. With a lower bid on the latter he would Probably have been awarded both contracts. Other bidders were the Inland Empire llassam Co. of Spo kane and the Spokane Bitu-Mass Co. Under the bids as accepted the ap proximate cost to the property own ers of improving District No. 16 will be $35,000, while District No. 17 will «»« approximately $31,000. The bid of the Warren Construc tion company on both districts was U. 70 per square yard for bitullthic Paving, M.-inch top and 3 ' 2 -inch , "one base, and $2.07 for bitullthic *• paving with 2-inch top and I'/.-inch • concrete base, which will be neces m for Maiden Lane, where the traffic will be heavy and the founda tion loose. This company will lav 'at concrete curb and gutter on that Part of the districts on which it was awarded the contract at 62 cents per lineal foot, the concrete curb at 3 I c^ts, catch basins at $19 each, B •nch vitrified sewer pipe in place at cents per lineal foot, earth oxca | v"tion at 60 cents per cubic yard and . **k excavation at $2.7.'. per square yard. The W. Q. Milllgan company con tacted to 'ay the bituminous ma- C£-oam on both districts at 84 cents Per square yard, but their figures on jj 6 other requirements varied con ■J'wrably, In favor of District No. IT. J Dlßt rict No. 16 they will receive 66 cents per lineal foot for concrete "rbs and gutters, while in District :°- 17 their price is 50 cents. On concrete curbs they will receive 36 «Ms per lineal foot in District 16 *'l 35 cents in District 17. Their . pllc for the 8-inch vitrified sev.er ' ln place, varies 19 cents per Wssi foot' being 69 cents' in District ' and 50 cents in District 17, whUe ,e-v will receive 56 cents per cubic >ard for earth excavation in District and 50 cents in District 17. Their j" 0e on rock excavation in District 18 *2 per cubic yard and in the °«>er district there w'U be no rock *ork. The Pullman Herald — — the best interests of Pullman and the best farming community in the Northwest surrounding it. "'" bid "'' the Mllligan company! was ll cents per square yard less' I than their bid which was rejected by the council two weeks ago for Dis trlet No. 16 alone, which win result I 1 in a saving of approximate.) $600 on , the 5400 square yards to be macad amized in that district. The Warren Construction company has lowered its quotation on rock excavation 75 cents per cubic yard, which will re sult in a saving in District 10 of ap proximately $52fi, while $700 will be, saved through their reduction of 15 1 nts per cubic yard on earth excava tion, or a total saving of mors than $1800 in the district. The recommendation of city En gineer Edwards, which specifies the portions of each district which will be paved with bitullthic paving and those parts to be improved with bi tuminous macadam, which was adopted by the council, is as follows; Pullman, Wash.. July 21, m 14. To the Honorable Mayor and City Council, Pullman, Wash. Gentlemen: For District 10 I wish to recom- end as follows: First, that that portion of the district beginning at the east property line of Star Route street, thence not the,(sternly along Maiden Lane to the college arch; then beginning at the easterly prop erty line of star Route street; thence east along Oak street to .Maiden Line; beginning at the south prop erty line of Montgomery street, thence south along Opal street to Maiden Lane, be awarded to the Warren Construction Co.; that Eitulithlc pavement 2-inch top. \xk- Inch concrete base, without guar anty, at $2.07 per square yard, with other Items as bid, he laid on Maiden Lane; that Bitullthic pavement I '» inch top. '- -inch stone base at $1.70 per square yard he laid on Oak and Opal streets, That the remainder of the district be awarded to W. G. Mulligan <£ Co. for Bituminous Macadam at 84 cents per square yard, with others items as hid. For District 17 I wish to recom mend as follows: That that portion of the district beginning at the north property line of Colorado (Continued on last page) SPOKANE BANK GETS - CITY WATER BONDS Failure of Seattle t'etiipiliiy to Ex ecute Contract Results in New . I ward i The offer of the Union Trust & 1 Savings comically of Spokane to pur chase the $20,000 water bond issue I recently authorized by special elec- i Hon was Tuesday night accepted by I the city council and the city clerk i was authorized to deliver the bonds t to the Spokane company as soon as : the necessary formalities can be com- . pleted. The offer of the Union Trust i & Savings company is to take the ' bonds at 5 % per cent interest at par I with accrued interest at date of de- I livery, to pay a premium of $232.76 I and to furnish blank bonds to be ex- ; ecuted by the city. ' Bids for the bond issue were opened several weeks ago and the, ' contract for their purchase was ' awarded to Smith & Paschal! of Se attle, at 5 per cent, with a premium ] of $211 and accrued interest. The c attorney for the Seattle company, i however, refused to approve the I transaction because the city in its of- ' ficial notice of the election to vote on I the- bond issue failed to state the* i various polling places. As soon as i notice was received that the Seattle : company would not execute its con- i tract the matter was taken up with ' the Union Trust & Savings bank, sec- t ond lowest bidders, who declared i their willingness to accept the issue i at their previous bid, provided the i city can furnish a complete and sat- < isfactorv transcript of all the pro , ....dings incident to the bond issue, i The city also finds itself in a pc- i culiar position regarding the $200 i deposit of the Seattle company. sup posedly to guarantee its perform ance of the terms of the contract, i The company has demanded the re turn of this check and their demands will undoubtedly have to be complied j with in as much as the call for bids for the bonds did not state that It; would be retained by the city in the event of a failure to execute the con- 1 | tract on the part of he purchaser. I PULLMAN. WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, JULY 24. 1914 SCOPE OF STATE COLLEGE VERY BROAD AND LIBERAL Purpose and Scope of Institution Explained at Mass Meeting—Development in Keeping with State and National Laws Thai Pullman people will vigor lUsly resist an; attempt at dismem >ering the state College by reducing he institution to purely an agricul ural function and transferring its it her departments to the state uni 'ersity at Seattle, as outlined by lOVernor Lister in a recent speech it Cheney, was evidenced at a well itlended open meeting of the Cham »er of Commerce held Tuesday even ne at the Christian church, when he original purpose and scope of he institution were discussed, with i view to starting a campaign of ed-i --atlon to acquaint the people of the tale with the laws which govern the urriculiim ol the college and dis- UOVe the contention thai the col <k< is exceeding the scop.- intended ij the enabling acts and the later ius under which the college oper ates. President E. A. Bryan, who for he past 21 years has been the head if the Institution, having taken •barge when the affairs of the col ege were in a hopelessly tangled ondition. when scandal 'ruing he conduct of th.' college during he previous months was afloat, and ifter a new board of regents had •ecu appointed and $25,000 appro bated to cover tin' deficiency at he institution, was called upon to ■xplain tin- laws which govern the nstitution and to throw light upon he extent to which the curriculum >f the college can he legal ex ended. President Bryan opened by refer; Ing to the speech of Gov. Lister at Jheney, in which he outlined his dans of reducing the college to mrely an agricultural institution, le disclaimed any intention to criti lze Governor Lister and took up the listory of the ease, from the begui ling. When Washington was admitted o statehood in 1881) the legislature lad already established a university t Seattle and considerable govern nent land was available for other :olleges. The United States en bling act provided for 30,000 acres if land for each representative for m agricultural college, which meant 10,000 acres to Washington. One iimdred thousand acres of land vas also available for a scientific chool to be established in Washing on. It was decided that the gifts or the scientific school and the ag icultural college should be thrown ogether, making 190,000 acres of and available for the Washington Agricultural College, Experiment Station and School of Science, which las located at Pullman, it being igreed that two separate insti utions should he maintained, one at Seattle, the other here. This agree nent. made 25 years ago, would be iroken in the event that the State College was reduced to an agrlcul ural college, constituting a breach »f faith. President Bryan mentioned the lecullar topography of the state as me of the paramount issues which nade necessary the establishment of he two separate state institutions, he state being divided by a inoun ain range, and the agreement being hat each of these sections of the itate should have its own educational nstitution. When Washington was idmitted to statehood the evolution )f the school system had reached hat stage when Institutions support id and managed by the state were lupplanting the old subscription schools, and the legislators wisely •ombined the college of agriculture, nechanic arts and the scientific ichool, and appropriated an initial mm of $15,000 for the experiment station and $20,000 for the college. The first legislation by which the nstitution was established was macted on March 28, 1890, and was mtltled "An act to found an agrlcul ural college and school of science md to establish a commission of ethnical instruction." Prior to that :lme nothing of a technical nature lad been taught at the university, lor were such subjects taught there tor several years thereafter. In he car 1891 a more perfect law was enacted, embodying all the specifications of the former one as far as scope and purpose are concerned, but the commission of technical Instruction was changed to a board of regents. The school laws of the state were codified in 1897 and again in 1909, hut the laws which govern the State College re mained practically the same as be fore. The Broad and liberal scope of the college and its purposes and curriculum are well set forth in this law. which specifies iii pari "The course of Instruction of said college shall embrace the English Language. Literature, Mathematics Philosophy, Civil and Mechanical Engineering, Chemistry, Animal and Vegetable Anatomy and Physiol ogy, Veterinary Art. Entomology, Geology, Political Economy, Rural and Household Economy, Horticul ture, Moral Philosophy, History, Me chanics, and such other courses of instruction as shall he prescribed by the hoard of regents. One of the objects of said college shall he to train teachers of physical science. and thereby further the application of the principles of physical science to industrial pursuits, to collect In formation as to scheme- of tech nical Instruction adopted In other parts of the I'nited States, and in foreign countries, and to hold farm ers institutes at such limes and places and under such regulations as the hoard of regents may de termine." President Bryan pointed out the fact that the college is a United States institution as well as a state institution, and that the laws of the station which apply to this institution are even more liberal than the state laws. In dealing with the duplication of courses at the two schools, which meets with the objection of some citizens, President Bryan stated that duplication of courses taught is necessary to efficiency and economy, and that whenever the question of the elimination of duplication is raised it is assumed that the State College must get out of the way, and it is taken for granted without in vestigation that, this duplication should not exist. He cited examples to prove the necessity of duplication in the two Spokane high schools, where the same subjects are taught, also the six Seattle high schools. "The duplication talk is only In jected for political purposes, and when it. will be accepted without ar gument," said President Bryan. That the project of a common board of regents for the various state educational institutions will doubtless be the first step toward the reduction of the State College to a purely agricultural function, was the opinion expressed by President Bryan. The first attempt to place all the state educational institutions under one board was made in 189 5, and Governor MeOraw at that time was largely Instrumental in having the bill killed. Sim that time numerous other attempts of the same nature have been made in this state, notably at the last session of the legislature, when such a hill passed one house and was killed in the second house only after a strenu ous fight. The entire expense account of On board of regents of the State Col lege, who serve without pay, during the past fiscal year, April to April, was only $250, while the members of a combination board would re quire a salary of at least $3000 per year, was one of the points upon which President Bryan based his contention that a combined board would not be practical nor econom ical. The injection of politics into the colleges, which would follow to a more or less extent the conduct of the educational institutions of the state by one board be branded as one of the greatest curses that could befall these institutions. The property of the scientific school operated in conjunction with (Continued on last page) KICKER itv HORSE— SKI m i i;\( it lti:i) The three and one-hall year old son of Mr. and Mrs. Jerome Hill, re siding near Albion, was Kicked In the bead by a horse Tuesday evening ami the skull was frat u red over the right eye. The fracture is a serious one, being four anil one-half inches lone and one and one-half inches Wide, The little hoy was operated upon for decompression and al though he is in a serious condition, hopes are entertained for his recov ery. lieu as taken to the hospital at fax. / . WHO ILL SUCCEED SANGER? With he completion of his new residence on Monroe street, In he north suburbs of Pullman, Council man Frank E. Sanger will cease to be a qualified elector of the city, and hence ill be relieved of his ■eat iii the city council, which be has kept warm for several years, Mr. Sanger's new residence is just out side the city limits and should he de sire to continue to serve the public he must seek a seat on the hoard of count} commissioners. The question which now arises is. who will be ap pointed to succeed the popular coun cilman who has given ungrudgingly oi his time and energy in ihe inter ests of the municipality end has re ceived nothing in return except his quota of the kicks thai constitute an important adjunct fo the position. and the sympathy ol his constituents. FIRE DESTROYS FARM HOME Fire, originating from a defective flue, < 'ii Tuesday afternoon de stroyed the household effects of Mr, and Mrs. L. I*:. Weyman and totally burned the W. L. La [Toilette house near the head of the awaw ai hill, i' miles southwest of Pullman. Air. Weyman was away at the time and Mrs. Weyman had gone to the bain. Her little daughter came running to the barn to tell hi I mother of the I fire, and Mrs. Weyman was severely burned about the load in rescuing her baby, which was in the house. There was no Insurance and Mr. and Mrs. Weyman and the children are being cared lor at the X. C. Meyers home. LOCAL IMMIGRATION COMMITTEE ACTIVE Tentative List of 1(1,000 Acres of I arm Land Prepared on Which Effort Will lie Made to Secure Listing George S. Canfleld of Spokane, representing the Spokane Chamber of Commerce in the interests of the Inland Empire Immigration cam paign, came to Pullman Wednesday and conferred with the committee which represents the local Chamber of Commerce in the campaign. The committee organized by electing C. it. Sanders president and Frank K. Sanger secretary, and a tentative list of some 16,000 acres of desirable farm land in this vicinity was pre pared. Each member of the com mittee was given his quota of the list and will confer with the owners in an effort to secure the listing of the tracts. The committee, which is composed of C. It. Banders, Frank E. Sanger, I!. F. Campbell, A. F. Brownell, F. O. Brownson, F. M, Slagle. J, M. Reid, Ross Kennedy, President E, A. Bryan E. Maguire, Roy Langley and M. W. Whitlow, has set its goal at 10,000 acres and, judging from the. interest which is Icing taken by the farmers in the movement, this goal will be attained. Max I llnrlchs, one of Whitman [ county's best farmers, who last year won the world's championship on al falfa seed at the National Corn Ex position held In Texas, has already listed 680 acres of his holdings on the colony plan, and President E. A. Bryan has offered two tracts of 80 j acres each for the consideration of the immigrants. . GRAIN PRICES Drain quotations showed a slight Improvement yesterday. fortyfold being quoted at 66c per bushel, club at 65c and red Russian at 64c, an In crease of 1 cent per bushel over the quota of Wednesday. Oats re main steady at 85 (ft 90c and barley at 80c per cwt. No new grain has been sold. NUMBER 43 [PYTHIANS FROLIC ~ | if HE'S GROVE Man] Knights of Pythias and Their Families (Onjoj Picnic Married Knights Prove Athletic Superiority One hundred members of livening Star Lodge No, 26, Knights of Pythias, together with their families and friends, accepted generously of lift hospitality of Robert <;. Lylo last Sunday and enjoyed the annual Pyth ian picnic, beneath the pine trees in the spacious Lyle grove, eight miles southwest of Pullman, Carryalls, automobiles, carriages and In fact all kinds of conveyances were pressed into service to transport the Knights to the picnic grounds and the happy fraternal gathering lasted from early morning until well into the evening. There was ice cream ami lemonade for all during the entire day, ami many an urchin congratulated him self upon being the progeny of a member of the order as he made away with Ice cream cone after Ice cream cone. Intermingled with copi ous draughts from the lemonade bar rel, Ten gallons of Ice cream and In gallons of lemonade were dis pensed ire of charge during the day. Probably the big attract of the day were the contests to settle the athletic supremacy dispute between Hie manic-, I'ythians ami their single brothers, which was definitely settled when the benedict practitioners of friendship, charity and benevolence, walked away with both the relay race and the baseball game. The relay race was a thriller, ami Ford, the last runner for the benedicts, led Fred Clover, who ran the final lap for the bachelors, by only inches at the tape. The winning team was composed of Karl Allen, Isaac Buckley, Harry Wilson, Bert liaird and .lames Ford, who ran In tin: order named against Isaac Nicholson, C. c. liuzen, Law rence Bishop. Earl Chilton and Fred Clover. The baseball game, played in an alfalfa field with an indoor base ball as a target for the batsmen, resulted iii a score of 12 In 7 for In- married Knights, after seven gruelling innings had been played. Harry Douglass was the bright and shining star of the game-, - grabbing the high flies in left field with a regularity that would make TyrUS Cobb turn green with envy. His knowledge of the great national game stood him in good stead when he featured in a sensational double play, grabbing a hard fly ball and throwing Unerringly to second to catch the runner, who had started for third when the ball started cm its flight. Frank Sanger was the heavy batter for the winners, but his lack of condition and surplus avoir dupois robbed him of several home runs when he was forced to stop at second to get his breath. Sanger and Allen did the pitching stunt for the winners, with Harry Wilson and Pendry receiving, while Chilton and /ink were on the mound for the losers, with Ike Nicholson receiving. Four preliminary heats were necessary in the free for all CO-yard Jash, the winners of the preliminar ies competing in the final dash, which was won by Fred Glover, against Bishop, Chilton and Allen, Ilazen ran away from the field in the fat men's race, with How second and Buckley and Joe Dew trailing along behind. .Mrs. Harry Wilson won the ladies' race, with Mrs. Isaac Buckley sec ond, and Master Stale;, ran away from the field in the boys' race. The derby event of the day was a special fat men's race between <!. K. Johnson and John Herding, in which the former won by yards. FIRST GRAIN OF NEW CHOP F. J. Kayler claims the distinction of bringing to Pullman the first load of the new crop of grain, he having brought in a load of winter barley Wednesday afternoon which was stored In the warehouse. The bar ley weighed 105 pounds to the sack and Mr. Kayler estimates the yield at 60 bushels per acre. Mr. Kayler owns one of the best farms in the Palouse country, two miles east of Pullman, and was the first farmer In this vicinity to start harvest op erations with a combined machine. He started his Idaho National on Wednesday morning.