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VOLUME XXVI POPULAR COUPLE WEDDED AT GARFIELD f ujgg Mary Williams Become* Bride of William D. Love ßoth Are Graduates of State College On Thursday afternoon of last week the home of Mr. and Mrs. U.S. jlcClure of Garfield was tho scene 0 one of the prettiest weddings of the year when Miss Mary Williams, niece of Mrs. McClure, became the bride of Mr. W. D. Love, formerly of Garfield, but now of Puyallup. The wedding song, "Oh, Promise Me," was sung by Miss Margaret Williams, after which the couple en tered the beautifully decorated par lors to the strains of Mendelssohn's wedding march played by Miss Maude Williams. The bride was gowned in a lovely lace trimmed crepe de (bine dress embroidered in silk and pearls, and the groom wore conventional black. After the ceremony, which was performed by the Rev. Harley Jack son of Pullman, delightful refresh ments were served and the happy couple left for Seattle. .From there they will go to Lake Cushman and icto the Olympic mountains for a two weeks honeymoon, returning to Puyallup to make their home. The bride, who is tho daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J, A. Williams, and one of Pullman's most popular young women, graduated from the Wash ington State College with the 19111 class. She was prominent in both literary and social circles and is a r,ember of Gamma Tau, the women's honor society of the college. Dur ing the oast year she has been head of the domestic science department of the new Pullman high school, and is one of the most successful teach ers in the state. The groom, who is the son of Mr. and Mrs. L C. Love, was born and raised in Garfield and graduated from the State College of Washing ton in 1912. He was prominent in athletics for four years and one of the most active members in the Gamma Delta fraternity. He is soon to begin his third year as head of the department of agriculture in the Puyallup high school, which is recog nized as the strongest agricultural •department on the coast. mm: new MARKET R. C. Hamilton will, about the first of September, open in Pullman one of the best equipped and most sanitary markets in Whitman county. It will be located in the room on Main street formerly occu pied by the Queen restaurant. Car penters are now at work and the room will be completely remodeled and renovated. The big refriger ator In which the meat will be kept is to have a front of solid glass, so that customers can see everything In It. The cold air machine will be Installed just back of the refriger ators. fhe whole interior of the room will be painted white as well *> everything in it, except the refrig erator and counters, which will be finished in golden oak. It is also Planned to tear down the shed in the rear and replace it with a brick building with a concrete tloor. Government inspected meat will be handled and Mr. Hamilton is being backed In the venture by Stanton Bros., the Spokane packers. The new establishment will be known as •the "City" market. Mr. Hamilton was for a time ln charge of the Palace market and won general pop ularity among his customers. MAY GET CANVAS GLOVE FACTORY At the meeting of the Chamber of Commerce Tuesday evening a propo sition was presented by a Portland firm to establish a. canvas glove fac tory in Pullman. The matter was referred to the committee on new industries and If they can find a suitable location the deal will prob ably be doped. ASK WATER MAIN Property owners residing on West Main street have petitioned the coun cil to Install a two to four inch water main from the Windus property to the p. C. i. property, beyond the city limits. The petition was referred to the water committee to report at the next meeting of the council. The Pullman Herald evoted to the best interests of Pullman and the beat farming community in the Northwest surrounding it. MILKS CIIKW IX 1 ivi: MINUTES Pullman Is overrun with idle men os a result of the numerous separator explosions of the past week, but all seem willing to work and the I. W W. element, so far as known, is a minus quanltlty locally. One thresh eimnn cane in Thursday morning to hire a crew to go to work Friday morning nnd established a new rec ord for speed when ho accumulated M« entire crew in five minutes, many villing men being turned down after all the positions had been filled. Prevailing prices for harvest labor are about the same as last year, and there has been no disposi tion to 'in wages on account of the surplus help available. PULLMAN HOYS IN BERLIN Ernest Eitzsimmons and Louis DesVoigne3, both graduates of the State College School of Music, are in Merlin taking advanced work in music, and their friends in Pullman are expressing uneasiness that the) ma) find i' hard to return to the United States during the European war. Dr. F. A. Colder, a member of the state College faculty, is doing research work for the Carnegie in stitution at st. Petersburg, Russia, also in "ho war /.one. WILL RUSH WORK The chairman of the water com mittee of the city council, the city engineer and the city water commis sioner have been appointed on a com mittee to have In charge the comple tion of the laying of pipe for the Im proved city water system. The com mittee has full power to complete the work by contract or by day labor, as the members elect. PROHIBITION RALLY The Pullman W. C. T. U. has ar ranged a rally in favor of state-wide prohibition for Friday . evening. It will he held on Main street Immedi ately after the hand concert and short addresses will he given by Rev. Harley Jackson and Win. Goodyear. All advocates of state-wide prohibi tion are urged to attend. PULLMAN PANS WILL SEE SPOKANE PLAY Special Train Will Be Bun to Spo kane Sunday August 23, for Spokane-Vancouver Baseball Game —Noyes Will Pitch Pullman baseball fans will be given an opportunity to see Spokane and Vancouver, two of the leading teams of the Northwest league, clash at Spokane on Sunday, August 23, when a special train will be run to accommodate the local followers ot the national game. The Spokane- Vancouver series will prove a big factor in deciding the championship of the league, and the Spokane base ball magnates have promised to pitch their star twirler, Wynn Noyes, for the Palouse country fans. Tho special train will leave the local N. P. station at 7 a. m. and will leave Spokane on the return trip at 11 p. m., giving the fans 13 hours i.-i the falls city. A round trip fare of $3.35 has been granted by the N. P. officials for tho occasion, and 60 local fans have already signified their intention of making the trip. Efforts are being made to induce the Spokane management to stage a double-header for the edification of the hungry fans, and in that event it is probable that Coveleskie and Noyes will work for Spokane. PIONEER DEBS IN TACOMA Word was received in Pullman this week of the death of John R. Moys, a Pullman pioneer, which oc curred recently at Tacoma, where Mr. Moys has resided since leaving Pullman 14 years ago. Mr. Moys was a prominent G. A. R. man and was 73 years of age at the time of his death. He had been in ill health for some time, and his death was probably hastened by the death of Mrs. Moys, which occurred last De cember. Mr. Moys leaves two sons and two daughters as well as three brothers, one of whom, C. R. Moys. resides at Colfax. Mr. Moys has many friends among the old-time Pullmanitee. PULLMAN, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, AUGUST 7. 1914 NUMEROUS SIT EXPLOSIONS ALARM WHITMAN FARMERS Sixty Separators Destroyed During Past Two Weeks—Hand of Incendiary Seen Pul lman Farmers Suffer Heavily »■ *•• ''.• ''.' .;. .j. .;. •;. .j. ... ... ... ... ... ... :• * > $1000 HE WARD * ;• 41 > Charles L. MacKenzie, prosi- ♦ > dent of the Colfax National + > Hank, lias authorised the *5 :• sheriff's office at Colfax to of- + :• for a $1000 reward (<> any per- * '.• .son or pel-sons who will sue- 4* :■ reed in getting; information that + !* will load to the arrest and con- * '.• viction of persons destroying or * '.■ attempting to destroy threshing + :• machines, This oiler is the re-.* !• suit of the unprecedented mini- •:• c her of explosions in tlio county + > ami the generally accepted the- ♦ '.■ ory that many of the explosions •$• I* are brought about by agencies 4* '.• other than natural. •<• '<• *■ '♦* v .J. •♦* *** *»• **" *»* .j. %* %* .;. .;. .j. %♦ The total of threshing machines leatroyed by explosions of smut in Whitman county has Increased dur ing the past week to over sixty, md the farmers are showing consid erable concern as to the harvesting if the Whitman county crop. With nearly all of the grain in this end of the county still unthreshed, and probably half of that In western Whitman yet to thresh, the insur ance companies have discontinued taking threshing machine risks, the supply of separators In Spokane to (place those burned through the smut explosions has been exhausted, several threshermen have quit the fields rather than take a second diance after once burning out, and jthers have stated that they will re tire unless they can secure insurance for their machines. These condi tions combine to cause general alarm throughout the county and it is not mprobable that drastic measures ,vill of necessity he resorted to be fore the harvest of the county is jaruered. Two machines were destroyed by smut explosions Wednesday night, .hat of .'dr. Vandevande of Moscow ixploding on the Pernell place, iboul five miles east of Pullman, md the Giurich machine exploded m the Hickman place on the Snake river brakes. The Giurich separator ,vas fully insured. Many of the separator explosions tavor strongly of incendiarism, and i. several cases matches and even dynamite have been found in the tmndles of grain which were seen to De threshed. There is nearly double the amount of smut in the grain this rear, however, of any previous year, md many of the explosions have un ioubtedly been caused by the smut without assistance from other ex plosive or inflammable materials. Illume Nitroglycerine The most serious explosion in the vicinity of Pullman was that which occurred Wednesday evening on the 2. M. Beckett place near Johnson, when the separator owned by Theo dore Stirewalt was totally destroyed and Mr. Stirewalt, who was on top of the machine at the time of the ex plosion, was so severely burned about the face and hands that he was brought to the Pullman hospital for medical attention. J. Gallagher, sep arator tender, was also badly burned, both men being blown several feet into the air. Members of the Stire walt crew are emphatic in their opinion that outside agents were used to blow up the separator, and nitro-glycerine Is blamed for the af fair by a brother of the separator tender, vho was near the machine and who states that the smell of that explosive was unmistakable. Two separate explosions occurred, one Im mediately following the other, and they were heard for nearly two miles. This fact alone would appear to disprove the theory that smut alone was responsible, as tho smut explosions are rarely accompanied by extraordinary sound, being more In the nature of a puff. Members of the crew also state that dynamite, with caps attached, was found In several shocks in the Johnson neighborhood several days ago. Mr. Stirewall carried no insur ance on his machine, but the few sacks of grain burned were fully in sured. The owner states that he has had enough of the threshing game for this year, although he la a pio neer threshcrman, and will not put a second machine Into the field, Daniels Machine Destroyed Monday morning the separator owned by Wesley Stephenson and leased by A. N. Daniels, blew up on the J. E. Barbee place, five miles south of Pullman, and 300 sacks of grain were burned, This explosion occurred In the wind stacker and is thought to have been caused by an overheated boxing. A stiff wind was blowing into the stacker at the time. The outfit had just completed one setting after threshing a field of bar ley and was cleaning up, with the cylinder nearly empty, when the ex plosion took place. Both the separ ator and the grain were fully in sured. The crew did heroic work in plowing furrows around the machine to prevent tin- spread of the flames. Wednesday morning the John De Young separator, operating on the Atkinson place, three miles west of Pullman, exploded, and the separ ator, together with 500 sacks of wheat belonging to Mr. Atkinson, were destroyed. No Insurance was carried on the separator, but tho grain was fully covered. Mr. De Young attempted to secure Insurance on his separator lust Saturday morn ing but the agent of the last, com pany to handle separator insurance had been instructed to take no fur ther risks by wire Friday night and he was unsuccessful. I. W. W.s Are Charged That man) of the machines are be ing fired purposely by members of the I. W. W. organization is the be lief of many farmers of the county and others who have made a study of the conditions accompanying the explosions. The I. W. W.s had some trouble with the farmers in I lie western end of the county last year and threats of evening up the al leged scores are said to have been made. Colfax people were much dis turbed Monday evening when a re port was received from Palouse and ■St. John that a well organized plan j foi burning the city had been made by the members of the I. W. W. or ganization. Merchants spent the night patroling their property but the alleged plot failed to materialize. Some farmers steadfastly scout the incendiarism theory, and say that the explosions are caused by natural causes, either by the overabundance of smut in the grain or by the use of petroleum oils on the separators. Those who are emphatic in their contention that the I. W. W. mem bers have taken a hand in the de struction of the machines, however, cite the fact that in the Camas Prairie country, where the smut is at: bad as In the Palouse country, but where there are no I. W. W. mem bers, there have been very few ex plosions. Mail) Remedies Tried Many plans to alleviate the danger of smut explosions have been ad vanced and tome of these have been put to practical test by the farmers. c. E. Boundy, who last year suffered three explosions, has this year con nected a pipe to the exhaust of his engine and sprays the steam into the cylinder of the separator to dampen the atmosphere, and has as yet had no trouble. Another farmer has ad vanced the theory that the explo sions are caused by tbe electricity generated in the separator and has connected two copper wires to the journals in the machine and has at tached the wires to an iron rod In the ground. The ground around the rod is kept moistened and the own er of the machine declares that the electricity generated in the separator it, discharged into the ground. He has run for two weeks without trouble. Mexican Arrested Garfield, Wash., Aug. 5.— A Mex ican giving his name as Francisco KspinosH was caught In the act of putting matches In wheal shocks on the C. C. Simmons ranch, lour miles en i of here, In Idaho, and has been taken to the count) jail at Moscow, Tho man had been seen around Gar field yesterday. This morning he walked into the field where Lowe Bros', threshing machine had pulled ii: to begin work. lie was watched and seen to ap proach three wheat shocks and put his band under the band of sheaves, lie was offered work, but refused at first, but finally consented and was detained until James Sterling, dep uty sheriff, arrived from Moscow, Idaho, all I made t lie arrest. The shocks he had visited were ex amined and seven matches wrapped with a piece of cord resembling a fuse were found under the bands of three sheaves. The Mexican did not have a match on him when arrested, but carried a large gun, fully loaded. lie submitted to arrest without re sistance. Feeling hero is blgn and threats of lynching the Mexican were n,ado. Expert Advances Remedy That the dampening of the grain before it Is fed into the separator or the feeding of the exhaust steam from the engine into the cylinder will alleviate the smut explosion trouble, is the opinion advanced by George A. Olson, chemist of the state experiment station, who has made an exhaustive study of the conditions which accompany the explosions. In a statement issued this week. Pro fessor Olson says. Professors Macadam, Weber, Cas* sels, Peck, Peckharn, Tobln and others have carefully Investigated the causes for dust (".plosions and the results of their Investigations apply equally as well to separator explosions. Any combustible substance, such as wood, coal, vegetables, grain, starch, dust, or smut are, under cer tain conditions, subjei t to explosion. The difference between combus tion and explosion is at the rate at which the combustible materials is consumed. An explosion is a rapid combustion, It is practically instan taneous, while combustion may vary (Continued on last page) PULLMAN RESIDENT CALLED BY DEATH .lack Koppel Stricken Willi Heart Failure mid Dies Within a Few Moors— Had Lived in Pull man Over Twenty; Years .Jack Koppel, who for over 20 years has made Pullman his home, died at his home just east of the city early Wednesday morning after being stricken with heart disease only a few hours before. He was 48 years of ago and leaves a wife and five children to mourn his untimely death. Mr. Koppel was well known to ell old-time Pullmanltes and leaves hundreds of friends in and near this city. In the early days he conducted a butcher shop, but for the past lew years he has been buy ing and selling stock and farming on a small scale on his tract east of the city limits. Funeral services were held at the Catholic church Thursday morning at 9:30, being conducted by the Rev. Father Fred ericks, and the body was shipped to Colton for burial :n the Catholic cemetery. Many local friends of Mr. Koppel accompanied the remains to their final resting place. I eased was a member of the local camp of the Woodmen of the World and carried Insurance In that organization amounting to 12000, which will be paid to his wife and children. TURNER VISITS PULLMAN Hon. George Turner Of Spokane, one of the four candidates for the democratic nomination for United States senator, visited Pullman yes terday and addressed a large crowd on Main street last evening, He ar rived in the afternoon, autolng up from Colfax with a party of demo crats from the county seat. During the afternoon and evening he met a large number of Pullman voters. Prior to the address the band played several selections and then the speaker wat introduced Jiy D. F. Staley. NUMBER 45 PULLMAN GRAIN MEN OUT OF MARKET European strife Unsettles Local Grain Mm ket and Most Firms Decline to Make Quotations The increasing volume of the European war cloud has unsettled the gram market to such an extent that for the past week local buyers he ye for the most part declined to offer quotations, this stand being taken upon the advice of their com panies, end very few contracts have been made. it is expected that the war scare will have taken such snap* In a few nays, however that the mar ket will readjust Itself, and advanced ices as a result of the conditions in Europe are predicted. The unsettled condition is manifest in all parts or the United States and quotations are purely nominal. One local grain buyer yesterday quoted 12 cents for fcrtyfold, 70 cents for club and (Jo cents for red Russian, with oats quoted at 90 ■/ 95 cents per bundled weight and barley at. 8U « 86 cent.,. Ai those figures little change li.. taken place ill the wheat niaikei during the past week, although oat and barley have advanced pee , it.lv. ICE FAMINE Pullman residents were without Ice on Monday and Tuesday of 111... week and the business bouses were forced to operate on half rations, the famine being caused by a break in the Ice making machinery at the ice plant. In response to an S. 0. 8, sig nal sent out Monday morning a sup ply was received Tuesday from Spo kane and Lewiston and the patrons were offered relief Wednesday. The part for the machinery was received Wednesday, but it was 48 hours bo fere Ice could be manufactured after ihe machinery >as started. MUST TEAR DOWN FENCE Tho fence recently constructed by Mrs, Gertrude Stockbridge to form an encto-nre at the west of her res taurant building on Olson street was ordered torn down by the city coun ci' Tuesday evening because it does not comply with the city regulations for structures within the fire limits. The ren c, if rebuilt, must be con structed in accordance with the recommendations of the fire and water committee. Mrs. Stockbridge will soon open a lunch room and con fectionery store in the room vacated by the Busy Bee restaurant. WEATHER REACHES MAXIMUM One hundred and two degrees in tie shade was registered by local thermometers both Friday and Sat urday of last week and the mercury registered an even 100 degrees Sun day. Tha roads ire in an almost Impassable condition from dust, old timers stating that never before have they witnessed so dry a summer. Rain would be welcomed by farmers and city people alike. NEW IMPROVEMENT DISTRICT A new improvement district to In clude College Park addition was created by the city council Tuesday evening. The purpose of the estab lishment of the new district, which was formed upon the petition of the property owners, is to establish Street and sidewalk grades and to force the construction of concrete sidewalks. WANT CHEAPER PAVING The substitution of bituminous macadam in place of bitullthic pav ing on Oak street was the request made by property owners residing on that street to the city council Tues day evening, but inasmuch as the contract for the better paving has already been let, the request was in definitely tabled. MORE CANDIDATES J. H. T. Smith of Ewartsville has filed for the republican nomination for state representative from this dis trict; Patir Trlesch of Uniontown has filed for the democratic nomina tion and C. A. Button of Uniontown baß filed for the republican nomina tion for state senator.