Newspaper Page Text
Records of Whitman County
WEDNESDAY, AUG. 19. 1914 Read Mortgages Trustees of the First Methodist Episcopal Church, Colfax, Wash., to the Board of Home Missions and Church Extension of the Methodist Episcopal Church of Philadelphia, lets 6 and 6. blk 8, Colfax, $5000. Chattel Mortgages James P. Campbell and wife t« Ed Cole ot al., live stock, $775. John V. Mayer to Aultman & Tay lor Machinery Co., machinery, $865. Releases E. A. Kampen to Augustus M. Durkee, real mortgage. Miscellaneous Standard Lumber Co. vs. F. C. Potter and wife, lot 7. blk 32, Re survey of Steptoe, lien, $145. Standard Lumber Co. vs. C. O. Hand and wife, tract 12, Throop s First add'Steptoe, lien, $73. City of Colfax vs. Sarah Davidson, a minor, by her guardian, M, J. Da vidson, et al., part of lot 3. blk 50, Colfax, lis pendens. THURSDAY, AUG. 20, 1914 Deeds John F. Davidson to Saraa David son, lot 3, blk 50, Colfax, $1. William T. Nance to Sadie E. Nonce, tract in Garfield and part loth 3 and 4. blk 5, Garfield, $1. J. W. Cox and wife to Claude H. R'ce, lot 2, blk i. hantford A. Man ring's add. Garfield, $900. Frank Foy to Bessie Foy, wh seq at.d eh swq and nwq swq and swq *wq 12-17-44 (ex), lots 9. 10. 11, -2. blk 1, Second add t.- Elberton, love and affection. Chattel Mortgages N. M. Swansot. c. al. to J I. Case Threshing Machine Co., threshing machinery, $976. Releases Charles Roberts to Geo. J. Scha degg, chattel mortgage. Pullman State Bank to W. W. Stoddard, chattel mortgage. Conditional Bills of Sale National Cash Register Co. to Students' Book Co., cash register $62. Miscellaneous William T. Nance, with Sadie E. Nance, property agreement, real es tate In Garfield. FRIDAY, AUGUST 21. 1914 Deeds S. A. Nixon and wife to W. J. Morrell, lot 3, blk 34, Brlckner & Nixon's add, Colfax, $1. W. J. Morrell and wife to It. H. Reid, lot 3, blk 34. Brlckner & Nix on's add, Colfax, $1. Real Mortgages Frank Stephens and wife to Pull man Savings & Loan Association, lot 4, blk 44, Pullman, $500. Belle L. Green to Pullman Savings &■ Loan Association, lot 4 and eh lot 5, blk 13, Pullman, $800. Bills of Sale Nancy Whltely to Martha Whitely, live stock, $800. SATURDAY, AUG. 22, 1914 Deeds John Q. Anderson and wife to the Washington Development Co., lot. i, blk 4, Palouse Orchards, $1. Henry V. Moore and wife to Henry- Edward Moore, part of lot 18 of Mc- Gee's subdivision of seq of 32-15-4 $1. Mary I. Culp to A. O. Culp, lots 5, 6, 7, 8, blk 31, Mrs. Elizabeth Shee han's add, Farmington, $1. Real Mortgages George H. Rae and wife to Harry Lee Taft, trustee, part of seq 9-20 --45, $2800. Chattel Mortgage** O. A. Hodge and J. E. Davis to A. H. Averill Machinery Co.. threshing machinery, $943. Releases First State Bank of La Crosse to Rollle Ellis, real mortgage. J. A. Perkins, agent, to J. M. Richardson, chattel mortgage. MONDAY. AUGUST 24, 1914 Deeds Eliza Rufener to Bertha E. Blake more, lots 3. 4, 13, 14, 15, 16, blk 1. Bell & Bailey's add, Oakesdale, $1000. John Hoist and wife to C. J. Hoist, lot 12, blk 3, Shobe's Ist add. La Crosse, $1500. Allen M. Finch and wife to Perry J. Clark, lots 9 and 10, blk 5, Mc- Croskey's add, Garfield, $10. Chattel Mortgages C. O. Wilson et al. to Rumely Products Co.. machinery, $400. A. D. O'Kelley et al. to A. H. Aver ill Machinery Co., threshing machin ery, $960. Ed Faulstlch and Burrell F. Smith to Aultman & Taylor Co., one set tank trucks. $138. O. V. Bryson to L. Schmuck, fur niture used In the "Helm Rooms," on sh of lot 6. and 20 feet of the nh of lot 5, blk 7, and lot 6, blk 6, Col. fax. Releases First State Bank, La Crosse, to Ed Andrus, chattel mortgage. Alfred Perrenaud to Edwin An drus, chattel mortgage. Standard Lumber Co. to Joseph Whitehouae, lien. Conditional BIB* of Sale' Moueywelght Scale Co. to Albert Gerber, computing scale. $85. Mouoyweight Scale Co. to Barton Bros., computing scale, $160. Money-weight Scale . Co. to D. Campbell, computing scale, $160. Hills of Sale Peter Helm to 0. V. Brysou, all furniture used in connection with the "Helm Rooms,'' situated on part lot 5, blk 7, and lot 6, blk 6, Colfax, $2500. Miscellaneous Link & Ochs vs. John Heldinger, threshing wheat, $168. TUESDAY, AUGUST 25, 1914 Deeds Smith H. McCall and wife to E. V. Hughes, lot 9, blk 2, Winona, $50. T. P. Gose and wife to Potlatch Lumber Co., lot 8, blk 2, Winona, $90. Cora Laird and husband to Anna L. Smith, lot 5, blk 9, La Crosse, $2800. Chattel Mortgages Oscar Van Tine to Rumely Prod ucts Co., machinery, live stock and an undivided one-half interest in crops grown during the years 1914 --191 ■"> on nwq 27-17-44, swq seq and sh swq and sh of nh of swq 22-17 --44, $2816. P. If. and F. M. Arrasmith to Nicholas & Shepard Co., machinery, $870. Ray Lamb to Anthony Schu macher, all interest in crops grown during the years 1914-1915 on nh 2-19-41, also one-half interest In natural increase of live stock, $1500. J. C. Whitehead to Addle Brown, live stock, wagon and harness, $160. Bills of Sale Spokane Merchants association to P. L. Howard, stock of groceries and fixtures located in the Poole & Tyler building, Tekoa, $1459. Mac Donald Bros, to L. E. Hatch and R. L. Smith, Palouse Garage, Palouse, $4975. Miscellaneous Aultman & Taylor Machinery Co., with E. 10. Snyder, affidavit for re newal of chattel mortgage. WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 20. 1914 Deeds Sheriff of Whitman County, Wash,, to S. D. Lommasson, lot 7, blk is, Maiden, $100. Conditional Bills of Sale Commercial Importing Co. to Mrs. Alice Hardy, urn and burner, $30. Releases Farmers State Bank of Union town to Peter Kaufman, chattel mortgage. THURSDAY, AUGUST 27, 1914 Gov. Patents and Receipts United States to John P. Sullivan, wh neq and sh nwq 10-20-39, patent. Deeds John P. Sullivan to John A. Fol som, wh neq and sh nwq 10-20-39, I $1.00. F. K. Godfrey and wife to Roberty Cartv, lot 6,-blk 24, Maiden, $1. Real Mortgages Luella H. Smith and husband to Mrs. M. S. Hunt, lot 5, blk 4, Rea lty's Ist add, Pullmtn, $700. Chattel Mortgages H. R. Williams to First State Hank. La Crosse, three-fourths inter est in crop for 1915 on nwq, nh swq and wh neq 24-13-37, $200. W. D. Bartlett to National Bank of Oakesdale, live stock, $260. G. T. Childers to Rumelv Prod ucts Co.. machinery, $400. Releases Laura E. Reigart to Henry Hickey, real mortgage. Passumpsic Savings Bank to John A. Churchill, real mortgage. Iteming Investment Co. to John A. Churchill, real mortgage. Miscellaneous D. Fletcher Staley et al. vs. John J. Staley et al., lis pendens. THE HIGH COST OF LIVING FROM FARMERS' STANDPOINT An Address Delivered by William T. Creasy, Master of the Pennsyl vania State Grunge The higher cost of living is due to various causes; it is looked at gen erally from the angles that hit the pocket book of the ultimate con sumer. To the city consumer tho high cost of living :s an ever-pre»eut, impell ing fact; a painful fact, full of worry, with no redeeming point. And it is quite the common thing to blame the farmer. This makes the farmer mad clean through, for he is getting mighty little of the increased price the consumer has to pay. The profits of the farmer are, in fact, so small, that his problems, like those of the average urbanito, is how to make both ends meet. How much the average farmer Is worth is shown by the following, which 1 have taken from a current Issue of Farm and Fireside: "The average armor in the Unit ed States, according to government figures, tills a farm of 13S acres and has an average investment of $6443. There is an average mortgage on this average farm of $1715, bearing an average interest of six per cent. His gross income is $980.55, and out of this he pays an average expense ac count of $340.15. His interest on the mortgage averages $105.00, so that his income after all charges are deducted is $537.50. On this he must live, educate his family, and have fun." Please note this Is the average for the entire United States and includes all the bonanza farmers and those optionally well to do and excep tionally well situated for securing large yields and top notch prices. It Is an average profit of considerably less than four dollars an acre. Certainly with such a showing, it is folly to blame the farmer for the high cost of living. Measured by any just standard of a decent wage for the labor of himself, wife and family—for they all work — the farmer has not only no profits, but ho has not even a decent living. The high cost of living hits the farmer as heavy a blow as it does the city consumer, but in a different way; and it is important for a full understanding of the problem, to note this difference clearly. The high cost of living hits the consumer in tho increased prices he has to pay for the necessities of life. The high cost of (living hits the framer in the miserable wage and profits he gets for his capital invest ment and the work of himself and family. The consumer has the grouch, and rightly so, because of the beggarly quantity he can get for his money. The farmer has a grouch, and rightly so because of the beggarly amount of money he can get for the pro duce that has caused him such sweat aid labor. But it is clear that if the price to the consumer has gone up, and the producer does not get it, some one else does. In the '.'ace of these facts it is evi dent that the place to look for the high cost to tho consumer and small profits for the farmer, is somewhere between the farmer and the con sumer. That is to say, the problem of the high cost of living is not one of production but of distribution. Between the farmer and the city con sumer's home there are a lot of mid dlemen who demand a profit. Seme of these are evidently getting more than formerly, and some of them, as investigation will show, ought to be eliminated, as they are of absolutely no benefit either to the producer or the consumer. To illuminate this question a lit tlt furthjr and show clearly that the causes for the high cost of living are found in the high cost of getting the goods from the producer to the con sumer, let me give you a few facts, and ask you to consider them in their relation to each other. First, we have seen from the gov ernment reports, that the farmer is getting a very inadequate profit for his produce. These government re ports show that the farmers in the rich corn belt of Indiana, Illinois and Icwa only make three and one-half per cent on the capital invested. Sec ond, government bulletins show that the number of meat animals in the country has decreased since the cen sus of 1910, 18,259,000. This is at the rate of nine beef cattle, seven sheep, and three hogs, for every hun dred of Population. The bulletin also announces that even at the present prices beef raising was unprofitable to the farmer. That the raise in price of meat animals was more than made up by the increased cost of pro duction. The third fact I want you to par ticularly note is the announcement that Morris & Co., Chicago meat packers, had paid 63 per cent profits this year. It does not take very long for the average brain to realize what these facts mean. First, meats are going to be scarcer and higher, and the farmer is not to blame. When the farmer finds meat raising, even at present prices unprofitable, when he can only make a profit of three and one-half per cent on his investment, while the packer who buys the farm er's animals and slaughters them, can make 63 per cent profit, it does not require a Solomon to determine who is responsible for the high price of beefsteak. Second, if the farmer can only make three and one-half per cent, it requires no brain storm to discover why the packer becomes a millionaire and the farmer does not have money enough to buy a wad of gum. The Department of Agricul ture admits that there is virtually no competition in the purchase of live stock. Here is the exact lan guage used by the Department of Agriculture. It is not the utterance of a crank, or a socialist, but that of government officials. It reads: "In most of the countries of Eu rope public abattoirs have been con structed, to which farmers may con sign their fat stock, the meat from which is then sold to the consumer without passing through the hands of an Interminable line of middle men, each of whom takes his toll." I have been in the sheep business, living within 30 miles of the popu lous anthracite coal fields of Penn sylvania, yet 1 [could find no market for my fat ewes, and In order to dis pose of the sheep, I had to load them on board of cars and ship them to Buffalo. And at the same time lots of mutton la used in these sections. But small abbatoirs have disappeared one after another until hogs are the only meat animals that are slaught ered in the few remaining ones The individual butcher of years ago Is not much in evidence. He is supplanted by the meat dealer, who buys fr )!ii the big packing houses. In fact, in dividual butchers who determined to do their own slaughtering were put out of business. Our farmers who were raising a few head of cattle found trouble In selling them, and this led the farmers of the east, who are admirably fixed for the raising of cattle and sheep, to drop that branch of agriculture. It will take some time, under favorable conditions, to return to stock raising. Strange as it may qeem, we often receive less for our otock than what the western producer received who is located from 1500 to 2000 miles away from the point of consumption. In this country the farmer receives only a small fraction of the price paid by the consumer. Enormous packing establishments have monop olized the meat business and there is little or no competition in buying the farmer's stock. The enormous fort unes that have grown up in this business in recent years show that while the consumer has been forced to pay high prices to monopoly, the farmer has not been getting enough to induce him to keep up the supply. The way the farmer has been robbed of his profits in stock raising and discouraged from keeping up the meat supply is largely duplicated ii. all lines of produce, as a few ex amples will show. O. H. C. Becker, a farmer of Suffolk county, N. V., the garden truck section of Long Is land, writing of his experience in the American Agriculturist, said: "It is about time that something is done to give the farmer a fair share of what he produces. Some city people have an idea that a farmer gets a great deal for his produce. Last year on a shipment of 23 crates of cauliflower I got net .-.oceeds of 77 cents; the empty crates cost me $2.30, so I was out $1.73, besides labor, fertilizer, seed, etc." "On another shipment of four crates and 13 barrels I got 41 cents net proceeds; cost of empty crates and barrels $1.81, leaving me a net loss of $1.40, not including labor, fertilizer, seed, etc. On another shipment of 11 barrels I got net pro ceeds of 11 cents; cost of empty Bar rels $1.21, and a loss of $1.10, not Including labor, fertilizer, seed, etc. If this continues, subscribing for a paper at the small price of $1 a year will even become a luxury." An other example somewhat similar is that of large crops of apples, when the price to the ultimate consumer is about the same as when the crop is small, fo that many producers can net sell theii apples at any price, be cause the consumer does not get some of the benefits of a bountiful harvest. I could multiply these il lustrations indefinitely. Not a farm er but what can give experiences of this kind. For every dollar the farmer gets, speaking on the average, the con sumer pays three dollars. Two dollars 50 to the middlemen. Isn't that a pretty big price for the con sumer to pay for getting his supplies from the farm to his home. The farmer is naturally a wholesaler and so the question of economical dis tribution will not largely be solved by him. That is a question for the consumer. The farmer as a con sumer has his own problems to work out and he can not and does not ex pect the machine man, the fertilizer man, the feed man, and the seed man to come among farmers and work up a co-operative business In order that he (the farmer) may get the benefit of wholesale prices. They simply put an agent in the community and the farmer pays the price of the agent. So, too, In the selling of food products. Tho farm er as a rule will not go Into the city and seek to combine the consumers in order that they may get fresher food at a cheaper price. If, for in stance, five families In the city will go together and buy their eggs by the 30-dozen crate, they will have no trouble finding a good and reliable source of supply direct, or a single family that wants to buy direct by parcels post. The wise thing, and Is my judgment the only sure way of reducing the cost of living is for the producer and the consumer to co operate, recognizing that both should gain by co-operation. Instead of the middlemen getting two dollars to the farmer's one, the farmer should get two to the middle man's one. The consumer's gain In this change should be equal to the farmer's. Or, I would put the proposition this way: The farmer now gets one dollar for what the consumer pays three dollars, the middleman getting the other two dollars. The farmer and the :lty consumer should get to gether to change this so that the farmer will get one-third moro for what he sells and the consumer will pay one-third less for what he buys. This division of the consumer's dol lar is shown In the following: Present division —Farmer .3:'. 1-3, middlemen .66 2-3, consumer $1. When producers and consumers co-operate: (a) For the same quality of pro duce tho consumer now pays a dollar for — Farmer 44 2-3, middlemen. 22 1-3, consumer, .67. (b) For a 50 per cent increase in quantity to the consumer for $1 — Farmer .66 2-3, middlemen, 33 1-3, consumer, $1.00. This would give the consumer half as much ugain as now for his dollar, the farmer would make a profit that would pay him to produce, and the middlemen would have all the mar gin they ought to have on which to do business. That ihe distributing cost here provided for is a reasonable one, Is shown by the government investiga tion into distributing costs in other countries. Speaking on this subject in congress the Hon. William Kent said: "The findings of the tariff commission show that in the three typical articles of cotton manufac ture in England, there was a margin of from 4 0 to 70 per cent between the factory price and the consumer's price. The same articles show a margin of from 90 to 150 per cent in this country. Here is something outside of the difference In the cost of labor at home and abroad. It is obvious that our distribution Is preyed upon by parasites to a great er extent than that of England." (Continued next week.) To Keep Parsley Fresh—Place the bunch in a glass jar. screw the lid on tight and keep it in a cool place If cared for in this manner, parsley will last for a week. PAID ADVERTISING I hereby announce my candidacy for the democratic nomination for county auditor at the primary election Sep tember 8. Garrett G. Kincaid Palouse, Wash. I hereby announce my candidacy for the democratic nomination for county com missioner from the First District at the primary elec tion September 8. C. H. Langbehn Tekoa, Wash. I hereby announce my candidacy for the democratic nomination for county treas urer at the primary election September 8. S. M. McCroskey Colfax, Wash. I hereby announce my candidacy for the democratic re-nomination for county treasurer at the primary elec tion September 8. H. H. Wheeler Colfax, Wash. I hereby announce my candidacy for the democratic nomination for state repre sentative from the Seventh District at the primary elec tion, September 8. ■I , m 1.1.L1M.W! I■ , ..J | | m ...^^.. ■ „ ■„ . •1 '• ■'■ ■ ■ - ':■'■;SiJEM%v"-: ;. 'V '''a- '',*.*■■.** /■■"'' **"".*" 'K?Bfe i^3fc?v' ■''-"S'< L ''-.'.'H Geo. P. Libby Pullman, Wash. W. L. LaFollett ~ CANDIDATE For Re-XomioaUon for CONGRESS Fourth District of Washl^ Subject to RepubUcan P^ » hereby announce w candidacy for the republic^ nomination for congress f^ the Fourth District 7 primary election. September^ Edward Parker Naches, Wash. I hereby announce m . candidacy for the democratic nomination for congress from the Fourth District at the primary election September 8 Roscoe Drumheller Walla Walla, Wash. I hereby announce my candidacy for the republican nomination for state senator from the Eighth District at the primary election Septem ber 8. Chas. A. Button Uniontown, Wash. I hereby announce my candidacy for the republican nomination for state senator from the Eighth District at tho primary election Septem ber 8. Chas. L. Chamberlain Colfax, Wash. I hereby announce my candidacy for the democratic nomination for state repr^ sentative from the Seventh District at the primary elec tion September 8. L. C. Miller La Crosse, Wash. I hereby announce my candidacy for tlie republican nomination for state repre sentative from the Seventh District at the primary elec tion September 8. Geo. H. Watt Pullman, Wash. I hereby announce my candidacy Kr the democrat!- nomination from the Severtli District at the primary elec tion September 8. Peter Triesch Uniontown, Wash. I hereby announce my candidacy for the democratic nomination for state repre sentative from the Seventh District at the primary elec tion September 8. Martin J. Maloney Colfax, Wash. I hereby announce my candidacy for the democrat rencmination for county clerk at the primary election September 8. B. F. Manring Colfax, Wash.