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Pullman herald. (Pullman, W.T. [Wash.]) 1888-1989, August 30, 1918, Image 5

Image and text provided by Washington State Library; Olympia, WA

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88085488/1918-08-30/ed-1/seq-5/

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W^f d" 0. O'Shea, president Fed
,Und Bank. Spokane. Wash.)
ia recent years, especially since the
• __ tor foodstuffs has become
d'° ■ ojovements have been inaugu
'Ted from time to time to extend
* rt) e jd to farmers to provide seed
f*heat an promote production, and
*. appropriation of funds for such
„, r poses has been considered by the
Clonal congress. Some of the states
wre found It necessary to call to
other their legislative assemblies in
session to make provisions to
head. The need for such aid has
been generally recognized, hence it
. üBl to some extent at least have ex-
1 The Plana B«BKested for promoting
production and providing seed are
Necessarily temporary, and in no way
-move the conditions which have
Bide such movements necessary.
Wheat is the most essential product
.four farms, and the development of
ill production should not be wholly
Speculative. The lands of the west
devoted to wheat production cover a
large area and are subject to period
ical droughts, destruction by grass
hoppers, hot winds, hailstorms and
ether causes for injury or failure over
which man can exercise little or no
control. The government very prop
erly sets the price at which this es
aotlal and necessary product must
be gold, thereby limiting gain that
an be made; it is proper to consider
if It should not also provide means to
limit the loss. The farmer should not
need appropriations or gifts, but he
may be given reasonable, permanent
business protection. He who is will
ing and able to work at a necessary,
beneficial and essential calling
should be assured some measure of
protection against utter ruin and
In many localities iv the north
western states there was a serious
trap shortage or total failure, especl
iiy in the grain sections, in 1917.
..ch failure following a severe win
ter, supplemented by advancing
trices on all necessaries, brought
much hardship and inconvenience,
The general advance in prices did not
Mnetlt him who failed to secure a
trap, while it affected his purchases.
The present season began with ex
cellent promise; the farmers in all
localities, responding to the call of
the nation, made unusual efforts to
plant a larger acreage. Many of
these farmers were in distress on ac
count of the failure of the former
rear and exhausted their resources
and credit to plant the largest acre
age that could be had in wheat and
other cereals." This has been a sea
ion of unusual weather conditions.
There has been excessive heat and
hot winds at an earlier date than usu
al. In some localities the heat has
htm accompanied by drought and
conditions are very menacing for
many of the farmers through no fault
ol their own. In other localities there
hag been considerable rain, and such
»!*ces have great promise of "bump
«" crops, which, at prevailing prices,
"ill bring them plenty and independ
Those of us who have lived in Mon
'«* since the early territorial days
<*& recall in the years past that the
question was not to get the crop, but
to dispose of it. In the years gone
ty the production was invariably un
questioned, but in many seasons the
farmer could not secure sufficient
Price for his product to pay the
W of producing it. Last season and
•Ms, In which excellent prices can be
r *<J'ly secured, the crop is not to
had. The record of precipitation
implied by the weather bureau
'&owb for the published reports am-
Wj Precipitation prior to 1917, ex
iting in small units, the location
°' which varied from year to year,
This situation should properly
**r't attention and consideration,
"« farmer has ever had to contend
( th the elements to secure his crop
"the first place, and thereafter, in
•Past, If he did secure the crop, he
»<> to sell his product in a market he
.»M not regulate or control. lt
"jould be an established policy to en
"rage me to stay with the farm
this 0? the farm: the world needs at
"•j tti e the products of the farm
** than it ever has at any period.
fa*" are Calls for labor from sh,p "
ret* and other industries where the
ar. 1.? 18 f°r serv,ce and short hours
tion and definite. The produc
iulM?' WhGat is as essential as the
Th ding of the bottoms to convey it.
t * man who produces wheat lives
£ °t« and with social disadvantages
let C 2 Pared to workers near manu
*___?** centers- The production of
■ " should not be wholly a specu
not h busln°B8' The elements can
*\_T controlled by man, and he
'a has to contest with the elements
****_** Bometh,n * essential and
On**?** «hould be assured In some
U_f» , * Wa*U re turn at least for his
. "■•• labor and effort.
>tH of*" 06' who ,anted •<"•«• acre*
0 wheat this season may hare
been Inspired by the hope of profit
as well as a desire to meet the na
tional call tor increased wheat, pro
duction. The cost of cropping the
ground and the price of seed were
much above normal. Where two un
toward seasons occur, even though ia
many cases they be the first in a 20
--year period, many will become dis
couraged and others become insolv
ent. The need lor wheat the coming
year will doubtless be as great as ii
is now.
it does not seem reasonable to ex
pect the farmer, under the conditions
as recited herein, to continue to take
"11 the chances, it is not suggested
that he should receive something for
nothing, but that a method should
.properly be devised for affording him
a reasonable protection tor the
chances he necessarily has to take
when contending with the elements,
over which no control can be exer
cised. In past years grain crops in
•Montana were seriously menaced by
hail, Hail-insurance companies were
in business, charging exorbitant rates
and at times defaulting in payments.
There is now in effect a state hall in
surance law, which is operating suc
cessfully, economically and depend
ably, and affording protection to the
farmers who elect to become subject
to it. so that in the event of the de
struction of a field of grain by hail
they will receive at least more than
they have invested in the crop. Some
such method should be devised to
protect the farmer against other fail
ures. It is not to give him charity or
a gift, but to furnish him with In
surance to the end that he will be
sure to receive at least what it has
cost him to plant the crop plus re
muneration for his labor, in the
even) that there be an absolute fail
ure caused by weather conditions
over which he could exercise no con
trol. Such insurance should be na
tional. It adopted at once it would
bring hope and inspiration to those
who are now seriously discouraged,
and keep*on the farms many men
who otherwise would answer the call
of the manufacturing centers, where
life may be more alluring and re
wards are definite and assured. A
scheme of insurance can readily be
worked out under the operations ol
which no unworthy person could l«
--e-ei- a benefit; the cost may be
borne by the farmers themselves or
the national government may con
.ribute to the fund; the fund should
be administered by the government.
Provision may be made to prevent
the application of the law to areas
not cultivated In the past until after
the same would have been examined
and reported upon by representatives
of the Department of Agriculture to
Ihe effect that such localities aro rea
sonably adapted to agricultural pur
suits. Reasonable protection can
easily be devised for determining the
losses, which may be limited to a
stated maximum figure sufficient
only to cover the cost incurred and a
small margin for labor and living ex
There seems to be a specific need
at this time for this form of legisla
tion; the operations of the federal
land banks can be better assured and
extended if such insurance be pro
vided, and many men who naturally
will become discouraged at repeated
failures may be kept on the farms
and inspired to make renewed efforts
for the coming season if a means be
provided to insure them a small re
turn for their labor, even though the
elements be against them.
n the Estate of Grover C. Whlteley,
Notice is hereby given that I, the
undersigned, have been appointed
administratrix of the estate of Grov
er C. Whlteley, deceased, and have
qualified as such executrix, and
notice Is hereby given to the creditors
of said deceased, and all persons
holding claims against his estate, to
serve the same on Neill & Sanger,
the attorneys of record of said estate
at their office in Pullman, Washing
ton, and file the same with the clerk
of the superior court at Colfax,
Wash., together with proof of service,
within six months from the date of
the first publication of this notice or
be forever barred.
Date of first publication August
30, 1918.
Out of the last harvest the Amer
ican people, by abstinence, saved
140,000,000 bushels of wheat to feed
the hungry allied nations; and these
same people are going to stay right
on the sugar job and see It through.
Many of the larger hotels of the
country are using no cane sugar In
pastries and desserts.
Almost 70 per cent of all the sugar
consumed in this country Is used in
the households. So It Is up to the
women to mako the sugar go around.
We have been ut,l« to tide over
times of great difficulty and today
the acute food crisis i a past. There
will be a better loaf for the allied
nations and greator meat supplies.
That those who dare all must share
all is the growing conviction of
America. In fact, as the President
sa-d. speaking of the allied nations,
"We are eating at the common table
with thorn." Although there are
some Individual sugar bowls scat
tered here and there on this table,
the fami.y bowl into which America
»nd the allies must dip a the west
ern hemisphere; for Java is out of
reach, and the beet fields of Europe
either tie inside the Herman lines or
their production has been cut down
by German invasion.
A careful surrey of the sugar situ
ation has prompted the Food Admin
istration to drop th,. individual sugar
ration from three to two pounds a
month. Two pounds per person for
household purposes will put us upon
a level that England tries to main
tain. The Crouch ration is one and
one-half pounds and the Italian one
pound; but it is not always possible
to assure these- quantities,
This honor ration, with the addi
tional al.owance for canning, can be
made to go around; and when our
people understand the "whys'' they
will be willing to put the sugar cam
paign through with the same spirit
with which they tackled wheat.
Why a Shortage
Those who recall the sugar short
age last fall know that before the
end of the year there was a practical
exhaustion of supplies in home,
store, factory and bakery, leaving lit
tle carry-over as a starter for 1918.
The mere filling of this void took up
most of the surplus of new sugar
coming In. Then, too, the produc
tion from tho American beet and
Louisiana cane crops has been dis
appointing and the yield in Porto
Rico has likewise been smaller than
The imperative call for ships for
the movement of troops and their
supplies has materially reduced the
amount of sugar from distance
sources. Added to this already dif
ficult situation, the quantity needed
by the army and navy greatly exceeds
earlier estimates. There must be no
counting of spoonfuls for our troops
or holding buck even on the candy
they want. The best we have and all
we have is not too much to offer
them. Remember that, for soldiers
on the battle front sugar and candy
is by no means a mere luxury as it is
to a large degree with us at home.
Sugar is necessary for them to sup
ply the energy they must quickly gain
for the- heavy work of fighting.
We find also that an increased
amount of sugar must be sent to
France and Italy to take the place of
that lost as a result of the German
and Austrian Invasion, during which
much beet land was overrun and
many factories destroyed. Under
agreements we are to supply certain
quantities of sugar to neutral na
tions; and finally, over 000,000
pounds were lost recently through
submarine sinkings off out Atlantic
coast. To sum it all up, we must ac
cept the situation and push on to
Most of the industries using sugar
have had their supplies cut in half;
and the situation is so serious that
only the utmost conservation will pull
us through. Women are urged to go
ahead with their canning, sugar or
no sugar. Fruit can be canned with
the hot water pack or fruit juice pack
and sweetened when opened, or
cooked to a pulp, canned and made
into jam later. This is a little more
trouble, but every American woman
wants to share in the great work of
building up the food reserves, for re
serves mean victory. Each jar oh
the home shelf frees another com
mercially-packed can for the army.
Save the fruit crop. It will not be
easy, but it MUST be done.
The first beet sugar will reach the
market in October and will continue
to arrive until the end of the year.
This sugar will probably net be dis
tributed farther east than Buffalo.
Louisiana cane will commence com
ing in about the middle of November
and the Cuban crop about tbe middle
of December. This sugar comes on
the market gradually and the distri
bution is necessarily slow.
America faced the wheat crisis,
cut household consumption to 50 per
cent of normal, and exported 141,
--000.000 bushels of wheat. This
wheat was the salvation of the al
lies, and each Individual who helped
has the right to the consciousness of
duty well done. What has been done
with wheat can be done with sugar.
Too much sugar is used on the
American table, with a consequent
loss of variety and piquancy of fla
vor. The nutty flavor of grains, the
natural sweetness of corn hread, the
distinctive flavor of fruits and the
real coffee taste are too often smoth
ered with sugar.
Mrs. On ill,. Kendall, who is spend
ing- the summer at the W. P. Paul
lus home, had as her guests this
week, her sister, Mrs. Flank Lath
rop. and Mrs. Lnthrop's sister-in-law,
Miss Lura Lathrop, both of Lewiston,
Mr. and Mrs. Sherman Brannon
gave a party Saturday night in the
basement of their new house, which
is being finished this week, to the
young folks of the neighborhood.
Dancing and games were enjoyed.
after which refreshments were
served. The party was given in
honor of Miss Grace Warmouth of
San Francisco, Cal., who has been
visiting at the Brannon home for
some time, and Fred Brannon, who
will leave for Camp Lewis Septem
ber 4, having received his call for
that date.
Roy .Myers arrived one day last
week from his home at Medicine Hat,
Alberta, to assist ("has Vollnier with
his harvest.
Mr. and Mrs. Oscar Kincaid were
business visitors in Colfax one da)
lust week.
Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Holt of Pull
man and their daughter, Mrs. Cleo
Bloor, called at the 11. J. Young and
J. T. LaFollette homes Sunday after
Chas. Vollnier started his thresh
ing outfit the first of the week.
Mrs. L. R. Rueker and little son,
Delbert. called at the J, 8. Klemgard
home Saturday afternoon.
Miss Grace Warmouth, who has
been a guest at the Sherman Bran
non home for some time, left on
Tuesday for her home at San Fran
cisco, Cal.
Mr. and Mrs. Will Ryan and Mr.
and Mrs. Kd Hogan motored to Ka
miah. Idaho, last Monday to attend
the funeral of Charles Young, an
uncle of Mrs. Hogan and Mrs. Ryan.
Mr. Young was struck by a train at
a station named Terry, about 40
miles from Glendive, Mont., receiving
injuries which resulted in his death
three weeks later. Mr. Young spent
several years of his life In this neigh
borhood, where he has many friends
who were very sorry to hear of his
Mrs. W. W. Snyder and daughters,
Lena and Meryl, spent Sunday at the
.1. S. Klemgard home.
Reade Young was one of 15 young
men who passed the examination for
enlistment into the tank corps in
Spokane last week, and he will be
called on October 1 to entrain for
Fort I.awton. thence to Camp Colt,
Pa., to begin training.
Miss Anita Kincaid spent last week
visiting at the home of her brother,
Oscar Kincaid. • .Miss Kincaid has ac
cepted a position as instructor in
manual training in the Twin Falls,
Idaho, high school.
Mr. and Mrs. .1. T. LaFollette spent
one day last week at the 11. .1. Young
Mrs. L. R. Rueker called at the J.
M. Klemgard home Sunday evening.
Mrs. W. H. Kincaid of Pullman
spent a couple of days last week at
the home of her son, Oscar Kincaid
The Misses Patsy and Mildred
Klemgard had as their guests from
Saturday until Sunday the Misses Al
ma and May Chamberlln of Colfax,
and Miss Lola Bryant of Pullman.
Cedric Anderson, who had been
visiting his sister, Mrs. Oscar Mas
ton, for several days, and his sister,
Miss Helen Anderson, spent Thurs
day night at the V, L. Hlggins home.
The young folks were on their way
to their home at Ritzville In their
Chevrolet roadster.
W. H. Pritchard lost a valuable
horse Saturday, Its death being
caused by overeating of some seed
wheat which it got into. It was one
of seven that helped themselves u>
the grain. Three of the others were
quite sick, one of them being still
in a serious condition.
Mrs. A. F. Carrothers, Miss Annie
Carrothers, Mrs. T. F. Claggett and
little daughter. Rosalie, the last two
of Salem, Ore., spent last Friday af
ternoon at the V. L. Higgins home.
Miss Patsy Klemgard spent from
Sunday until Tuesday with Miss Lola
Bryant in Pullman.
A car driven by a Mr. Munson
overturned in the field back of H.
W. Hodge's residence Saturday. Mr.
Munson suffered a broken leg and
was removed to the hospital by Dr.
L. C. Kimzey.
Drying fruit concentrates the
sugar. The amount of sugar ln some
fruits is over 50 per cent. Dried
fruits make excellent jam, pickles,
salads and ice cream, and when eat
en as stewed fruit need less sugar
than fresh fruit. Select the sweetest
fruits for drying.
Our future is vitally linked with
that of the allied nations.
"Right and liberty have obliterat
ed space and the ocean to bring
France and America together."—
President Polncalre.
Am_m_s ' '<**< fi
afjm\m——mr^^ _\_P___r4^m, 'JWr.' ' Jk! W
mk Vm__^_r _&J__tm_~mW __^A / _r^_*''%\ tt)
j '^^m^o> 1
When a Kelly-Springfield Tire has |
passed its guarantee mark, it has .
merely become of age. Its life is \ .
nearly all before it. ;
H -
I Kelly-Springfield i
I tires
Hardware ■
I A: Continuous Chain
1 -giveseasy starting^uick t^sTT^Vv i
m and smooth acceleration, / 43 ____of l A\ H
■ power and mileage, in Red jjjiiM^ —\ 4~m\ fl
■ Crown gasoline. I *J^»f/VrVvl 1
| 6as^nGoy_\u000a\
IX. It. Sole-mink, Special Agent, Standard Oil Co., Pullman, Wash.
Pure Bred Sales Conducts Auction
(leneral Farm Sales Sales Anywhere In
My Specialty Northwest
Where Sales Can Be Dated
Tbe Sale Season is opening up. When you
think of your auctioneer, think of Col. L. Stro
bel. My reputation is built on square dealing
and I have for references my large list of satis
fied customers. Call me at an early date, be
fore my dates ore all taken. Phone my office,
94, or residence., 207 R, Colfax, Wash., at my
All Red Cross work free of charge.
Turkey is starving. Germany
pinched and Austria rioting for food.
The allies are well fed and full of
fight, thanks to Uncle Bam, who in
vited them to sit down to his table a
year ago he has been passing
around the victuals ever since.
There is no vacation on the firing
Sugar bowls have been banished
from American dining cars a trav
eler is served his portion of sugar
and no more.
Naval officers and their families
who buy at commissary stores have
gone on the honor system of sugar
purchase established by tho Food Ad
ministration for civilians.

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