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Pullman herald. [volume] (Pullman, W.T. [Wash.]) 1888-1989, February 17, 1922, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88085488/1922-02-17/ed-1/seq-1/

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Builder of Panama Canal Tells of the '
Difficulties Overcome in Its
Construction i ,
The State College was highly hon
ored this week by the visit of Major
General George W. Goethals. The
word honored is used advisedly, for
it is no easy matter to induce this
busy man to devote a day's time to |
Sight seeing and speech making. j
The distinguished visitor arrived j
Tuesday evening and spent the early |
part of Wednesday morning inspect- j
Ing the college. He was scheduled to I
address the students at 10:00 o'clock,
but long before that hour the audi
torium was crowded to capacity and ,
standing room was at a premium. It ,
was a fine tribute to a man who has !
made his reputation as a doer of big I
things, rather than as a public!
speaker. i
General Goethals was introduced \
by Vice President Waller and at I
once plunged into a description of I
the building of the Panama canal and
a discussion of some of the engin
eering difficulties encountered and
overcome. He spoke in a conversa
tional tone without any attempt at
oratory, but occasionally threw* in a
bit of dry humor which made a big I
hit with his auditors.
Simply and concisely he reviewed ]
the development and solution of this I
great engineering feat of connecting
the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. He
told of the triumph over the yellow !
fever scourge and paid an earnest J
tribute to the men who cheerfully'
sacrificed their lives to demonstrate I
thai the fever was spread by mos-1
ultoes instead of by contact with per
sons suffering from it. 'With the aid j
of a number of slides projected on a
screen on the stage, he impressed
upon his hearers the magnitude 'of I
the work and the difficult engineer- j
ing problems which had to be faced |
and solved. So engrossed did he be-;
come in his subject that he had to !
be notified that the taxi was waiting !
to take him to his train. All who;
had the privilege of hearing him
were deeply impressed by the rugged
Simplicity of his personality and his '
quiet but earnest and direct style of
The object of General Goethals'
Visit to the Northwest is to pass on
the engineering feasibility and eco- j
nomic value of the Columbia Basin '
irrigation project of which O. L. Wal
ler is secretary. The project is a
plan to furnish water to 1,783,000
acres of arid land in Central Wash- \
ington, at an estimated cost of $175,
- -
Gen. Goethals military career was
one of long and active service, He j
(Continued on page six)
■ I
Sensational ['Flier im Chicago Sends
Local Wheat to High Point of
Season —Red Wheat at 91.09
. i
; I
j When red win was sold on the j
local markets for $1.02 per bushel
Wednesday a season's record was es- \
tablished. At the same time $1.04 j
*as offered for white wheat, but so j
•*•" 8< known none of thai variety
was sold. The advance in local quota
''ous followed sharp advances in the
Chicago market on Tuesday and
Wednesday, which were immediately j
reflected in const prices. Graip men I
estimate that about 20 per cent of;
ne ,;,-l crop is still in the hands of 1
I'.«e . farmers and with quotations \
I *JJ. Ye the dollar mark for both red j
,n d white wheat considerable selling j
■■4 Predicted to Friday and Saturday
I 01 this week.
' Market conditions in general are!
■ "favorable now than at any time |
i„/ g the season and a feeling of
"easing optimism pervades the
2TA Hy . The „-_ ** market
ketg IPt ":"' Wi,h the grain mar
'19 -.' n ,ncreaßes in quotations, with
for m, 1? *'" ''"'' 10° P° unds offered
and is hogs> $72 5 for fat steers
retir^ f °r lambs - These quotations
(,eau nt an advance of about three
tiomi P #6r poun(i over th low. quota
"* « the season.
The Pullman Herald
Devoted to the best interests of Pullman and the greatest farming community in the Northwest surrounding it.
Pullman Taxpayers Will Meet at City
Hull Monday Evening to Effect
OrngnizHtion of Branch of
County Tax League
Pullman fell in line with the pro
gram outlined by the county-wide
tax meeting held last Saturday at
Colfax ami the chamber of commerce
appointed a committee of citizens to
call a meeting of taxpayers for the
purpose of effecting a permanent lo
cal tax league. The committee in
cludes Judge Thos Neill. George 11.
Watt, F. E. Sanger, J. m. Reid, W.
C. Kruegel and D. F. Staley. The
organization meeting has been called
for Monday evening, February 20,
at the city hall. The following af
ternoon, at the same place, a gen
eral meeting of taxpayers will be held
to di-cuss tax problems.
Pullman's S3 mill tax levy is dis
tributed as follows:
State and county 268
City 160
School District No. .V.i 170
Bond redemption 042
Neighborly Neighbors Club Conduct*
Successful Afternoon Party to
Create Fund for Needy School
Tin charity party given Saturday
afternoon by the ladies of the Neigh
borly Neighbors club of Sunnyslde
hill resulted in the establishment of
a fund of $99. for he relief or un
derfed and insufficiently clothed
children of the grade schools of tin
city. The fund will operate undei
the sponsorship of the various teach
ers . The party was the result of all
extensive Investigation conducted by
the club, which disclosed conditions
among the children the remedy ol
which seemed Imperative. The In
vestigation disclosed the fact that
several small children were not suffi
cient^ nourished, because of the In
adequacy of the family larder, and
some actually went to school illicit
breakfast because there was no food
at home. A few children were with
out underclothing during the seven
cold weather.
The condition was relieved to a
great extent by the teachers, some ol
whom spent freely of their own
fund- to nourish and clothe tie
youngsters, but the Neighborly
Neighbors believed that the teacher.'
should not be called upon to use hell
own money for this purpose and the
charity party was planned and car
ried out most ■■-.-fully as a means
of affording relief.
A charge Of 25 cents was made I'm
cards and a luncheon, Including cake
and coffee, and over 200 citizens
assisted toward making the event a
linancial success. Two contribu
tions of $5.00 each were made ti
the fund, one by a girl who refused
to divulge her name, while many
gave $1.00 and refused the change
Many men patronized the affair and
ere anxious to help along the good
The charity party was carried out
by a committee of the club of which
Mrs. L. B. Moyer was chairman. The
cakes were furnished by the mem
bers while local business houses fur
nished the tables, chairs, score cards
and other essentials. Mrs. Paul !•'
Gaiser, president of the club, ex
plained the purpose of the party tc
the asembled guests and suggestet
that other organizations take step
to swell the Mind. Prizes were of
fered for high scores at load anil
five hundred, Mrs. F. L. Ball winninn
the bridge prize and Mrs. Frank
Henderson the five hundred prize.
The net receipts were $9 9. lls—
who will send in the 85 cents tt
make it an even $10o?
The members of the local K. of P
lodge Will attend services at Hit
Federated church next Sunday morn
ing in a; body. The Rev. C. N. Curtis
a -member of the local lodge, will
deliver tie- anniversary add- tc
tho members, commemorating tht
-,„,•, anniversary of the founding ol
the order. Special music by tht
choir and soloists has been arranged
The members will meet at the lod-t
1,.,** at 10:80 and proceed to tht
church in a body.
Water Department Expenses Big
Cost of Operating Department in
1021 UassKi,ii;*ii, With Receipts
of Only *i*i,7:t7
Warrants in the amount of $16,
--629.98 were issued against the wa
ter department of the city during the,
year 1921, while the total receipts
of the department were only $12,
--736.80, according to a report just
recently compiled by city officials.
The expenses of the department were
approximately $7500 higher than in
1920, due to the purchase of a quan
tity of pipe and the construction of
I a pump house. Inasmuch as the
council is now considering an or
dinance which would substantially in
crease the water rentals on quantities
over the minimum, figures from the
report, which covers the period from
1915 to the end of 1921, will prove
interesting to readers.
During the entire period from Jan
uary 1, 1915, to Decmber 31, 1921,
the receipts of the department to
taled 13.45, while the expenses
of the department during the period
were $83,041.82, showing a loss dur
ing the seven years of $128.37. In
cluded in the expense totals, how
ever, is the amount of $14,000 which
went into a bond redemption fund
to take care of water bonds out- j
standing which total $31,000 and
are due 10 years hence. This money
has been invested in road bonds and
aside from interest on these bonds
it will be necessary to raise approxi
mately $9000 during the next 10
years to retire the bonds issued
against the water department.
During the seven year period war
rants in the amount of; $77.".:: which
were outstanding on January l. 1915,
! have been retired, while new war
| rants in the amount of $62,545 were
j issued, or a total of $70,298. War
! rants paid during the period totaled
j $70,088, while warrants totaling
Will Organize County Tax Assn.
! Permanent Organization of Taxpay
ers Will He Outgrowth of
.Heeling at Colfax Last
As a direct result of the county
tax meeting held las' Saturday at ,
Colfax a county tax association will
be organized and local organizations |
will be effected In every town in the j
j county. The groups will keep In ;
i close touch with tax conditions and
problems, and at frequent meetings
the taxpayers will be privileged to
voice heir sentiments mi tax mat
ters. Ralph Comegys of Thornton '
was named president of the tempo
rary county association at the Col
| fax meeting and S. E. Ftatliff was
j named secretary. A meet ing will he
I held Saturday, February 25. when
j the organization will lie made per
i manent. The committee on perma
' Kent organization includes. M. Reid
| of Pullman, R. F. Bigelow of Colfax,
i. 8. Klemgard of Pullman, E. VV.
j Wagner of Rosalia ami S. E. Ratliff
1 of Colfax.
The Saturday meeting named a
committee to give a detailed report
on taxation at the next meeting, the
committee personnel Including O. L.
Waller of Pullman, F. .1. Wilmer of
Rosalia. A. 1.. Maxwell of Colfax,
Fred VicCroskey and Fred Rogers of
The Colfax meeting of the taxpay
ers was largely ,Mended and the dis
cussions, brought out many pertinent
facts relating to taxation. A gen
eral discussion of county taxes was
led by County Assessor J. M. Klein-'
gard, who bowed several charts and
explained the details, of the system
of tax collection and distribution.
An Interesting exhibit was Whit-,
man county first assessment book.
giving the tax records from 1873 to!
1878, inclusive. This book is not!
half the size of each of the 12 vol-1
nines which are now required an- J
nually for the county tax records, j
In I^7 1 there la the first record of
taxes paid on real estate, as It be
gan, to pass from government owner-1
ship to the private owner. In that
year there were six land owners who •
paid taxes. 111 1875 only two paid.
James A. Perkins and D. S. Bowman.
In IS.': the list had grown! to, 20.
Mr. Klemgard mentioned that for
the work of the coming assessment
he will have 30 field deputies to
$207 were cancelled. Only $1.26
was outstanding against the depart
ment in warrants at the close of the
period covered In the report. i
The receipts and expenses of tbe
water department since 1916 have!
been as follows: I
Year Receipts Expenses I
1913 $10,850 * 9,232
1916 12.725 6,673
,1917 11,423 5,138
1918 10,473 3,242
1919 12,647 11,515
1920 2.258 9.115
1921 12,737 6,630
In 1916 an item of $1658.40 for
city hall Improvements is included in
the expense items which make up
the total given above. In 1917'
$2000 was tranferred to the bond I
redemption fund, in 1918 $9000 was
transferred and in 1919 $3000 was
transferred None'of these items are
included in'the totals given above.
In 1919 figures the first entry un- i
der "interest on bonds" appears.
when $1705 is charged to that ac
count. The same amount is includ
ed in the 1920 expense list and in
1921 the" Item is reduced to $1650.
To show the distribution of water,
funds in 1921 the expenditures fig
ures for that year are given below
Salaries $ 2,220.00
Electric power 1,468.00
Maintenace labor 607.00
Pipe 19.08
Meters 167.31
Interest on bonds ,650.00
Office supplies 128.00
Telephone 58.73
Reading meters 282. i 7
Industrial insurance, etc. 86.76
Pipe fittings 386.78
Freight 32.71
Labor — replacement .... . 16.39
Labor — repair'g hydrants 52.41
Labor— repairing meters. 22.95
Tools 39.42 I
Attorney—special sen 150.00
Pump house—contract . . 3,880.10
Pump house—extras .... 227.70
Pump house—architect . 235.57
Miscellaneous expenses . 176.31
Total $16,629.98
whom instructions will be given on
February 24 and 25. Plow land is
issessed 25 per cent lower this year
m a maximum valuation of $60 an
Mr. Klemgard mentioned the fine
?01l tax record of the county, where
vith approximately 3,000 listed, 12,
--<OO had paid. The tax figures show
hat 19.22 per cent of all the county
axes go for education. Roads bold
lext place with 28.1 2 per cent. This
eaves 22.G0 per cent for other put
poses. The tax on every £1 00 of as
sessed valuation la $4.34,
M. Livengood, manager of the Spo
kane county tax league, said that In
11 years taxes bad increased 167 .
»er cent, while the property vol un
ion Increase had been only 3] per
sent. He Raid individuals are mem
bers of the public corporation, and
hat the public must cease demand*
ng of he disbursing agencies every
thing in sight, no matter what the
•ost. In 10 years added services un-
Ireamed of before have been inau
gurated, bo lid.
Professor p. i. Waller of Wash- !
ngton State College aid that some
ax money was spent that "we don't .
jet much out of, notably for roads,"
iut was not in favor of crippling ed-
lonal courses, like domestic sci
tnce and manual training. To get
nor© for our money he advocated a
central organization to direct ex
State Senator F. J. Wilm'er stated
.hat farm taxes In Whitman county,
imounting to over 70 per cent of the '
.vhole, were three times larger than
n 1914. He suggested that the sal
lries of school teachers be consid
ered by a board composed of teach
ers, school directors and taxpayers.
lAIA'AHLE information*
A meeting of all persons of this
mmruunity Interested in potato grow
ng will he held In the chamber of
'ommerce room at 2 o'clock tomor-
OW, Saturday, afternoon.
Or. F. D. Heald of the State Pol
ego will tell how to combo! and
■radicate diseases of potatoes'. He
s an authority on the subject ami
lis address will be full of valuable
nformatlon. All potato -lowers and
ill who Intend to plant potatoes are
irged to attend and will find the
neetlng well worth while.
Pursuant to the request of the
ihamber of commerce, a meeting of
he voters of school district No. 59
a hereby called to men at the
:ity hall on Monday evening, Febru
iiv 20, at 7:30 o'clock, to nominate
it least two persons for candidates
.'or school director.
Following the nominations a lo
■nl branch of the county taxpayers
league will be organized.
A meeting of all taxpayers of the
ity and country will be held at tin
:lty hall on Tuesday, February -'
it i o'clock p. in., for a discussion of
the tax problem with the view of ar
riving at some definite program tt
he presented at the county meetini
.»ii February 25 at Colfax.
Chairman of Committee
The men's "Gel Together" club o
the United Presbyterian church wll
entertain the Presbyterian youn*
men of the college this evening tt
hear Dr. Sherman L, Divine of Spo
kane, Dinner will he served In tin
lining room of the church at (*:: in.
Ui>. S. E. Kilham Succumbed Wed
nesday livening to Cerebral Hem
orrhage After Week's Illness
After an Illness of only a week's?
luration, .Mrs. S. ED, Kilham died sud
lenly Wednesday evening from core
>ral hemorrhage. .Mrs. Kilham was
Ural stricken Wednesday evening ol
ast week, when she Buffered a slight
•erebral hemorrhage Her condition
in proved rapidly, however, and li
>vas believed that the danger point
lad been passed, when she was sud
lenly stricken at about 5:00 o'clocl*
Wednesday evening ami died almas 1
without warning, His. Kilham wai
ying m bed conversing with hei
laughter, Mrs. F. .1. Kayler, ami hot
iister-in-law, .Mrs. Charles Bolsinger
.vhen she suddenly complained of ;
tevere pain in the back- of her beck
ben sunk peacefully to sleep.
"'lis. Kilham had been a reslden
if Pullman for many years and wat
mown and loved by hundreds of pec
do of the community as a woman oi
he highest type of character, kindly
sympathetic and always optimistic
■"hi' was truly a home woman, an ex
imple of till that was right, an oppon
'lit of all that was Wrong a lovin-;
ivife and a devoted mother.
Deceased was united in marriage
0 S. E. Kilham at Chatfield, Minn.
April '„ 1879, and the family re
noved to Pullman from Chatfleld 17
rears ago.
Funeral services will be held from
Kimball's chapel this (Friday) af
ernoon it 2:0.0 o'clock, with I'a
(lev. d. G. Law of the Methodist
jhurcti officiating. Interment will
ie in the family lot in the 1. O. O. P
Mary Estella Ireland was horn a'
"hatfield, Minn., June 21; I Salt, and
■vas 62 years of age last. .Tune. Sin
s survived by her husband and font
children, two daughters and twt
ion*. The children are Mrs. .1. F
[Caj ler of Pullman, Emory Kilham ol
Spokane, Leonard Kilham of Pull
nan and Ruth Kilham of Pullman
Six grandchildren also survive.
Tho Pullman merchants are lining
ip a bunch of bargains for their sec
ond sales day, Saturday, Februuo
>.'.. which promise to eclipse thosrr
jffered at the first sales day and
arge posters listing the various bar
gains offered will be distributed
»u'ly lie.,, week, Several of the
norchanls ■.ill conduct special sale?
n addition to their sales day offer*
ngs but all those participating will
Ist. one or more staple items in tbe
lales day postern at price.s that are
ixpected to meet wit htho approval
if the buying public,
, _—_— _ . **
D. S. Tacobson of Pullman and
diss Eunice Hong o* Sunnyside, both
uniors at the State College, were
narried at Lewiston, ladho. Decom
>er _'•, but kept the marriage a
ecret until a few days ago. They
tave discontinued their collegiate
rorit and will reside on a farm near
'ullman. *1«
Committee Named to Investigate Lo
cal Eire lla/ai-tls Heconunonds
That New Truck Have 750-
I Gallon Booster Pump
i >
a preliminary report of the com
mittee from the chamber of com
j merce named to Investigate local fire
! hazards was read before the cham
i ber Tuesday and a special commit
tee, Including Lee Allen, Robert
Neill and lb ('. linwneti was named
to confer with the city council and
i fire department with regard to proper
fire lighting equipment. The first
report was preliminary in nature and
will he followed by a more detailed
summary of the findings and conclu
sions of the committee.
The report met with the approval
of the business men. In substance it
is as follows:
The committee called attention to
the fact that Pullman is paying from
10 per cent to 20 per cent higher In
surance rates than other towns of
the same size and wealth. They
treat this as a tax upon the com
Second: Basic fire insurance
rates are fixed by the National Board
of Fire Underwriters, through their
representative, the state rating bu
Third: That insurance rates de
pend upon (a) fire protection, and
(b) fire losses.
Fourth: That Pullman has an ex
tremely heavy per capita fire loss.
That we contribute 2">_ per cent of
the state's total loss by fire while
we have less than one-third of one
per cent of the state's population.
: That the 1921 fire loss was 800 per
cent in excess of what it should have
been as compared with the losses of
the state
Fifth: The committee reports
that the rating bureau Inspected tho
fire situation in Pullman and made
certain recommendations in the lat
ter part of 1920. The chairman be
! lieves that copies of their report and
recommendations should be careful-
I lv studied and made a basis of any
I recommendations that ac over to the
council from the chamber.
Sixth: The committee .has esti
mated the yearly local fire Insurance
premiums at $35,000. They have
suggested that a I." per cent reduc
tion might be secured from present
insurance rates if the cits were
equipped with a suitable fire truck
and two paid firemen. (The report
does not fully discuss the financial
pot tiblitj of such an arrangement.
Seventh: The committee further
recommends that sleeping quarters
be provided at the fire, station for
a night driver.
Eighth: The committee call at
tention to the fact that the new
equipment purchased and soon to be
(Continued on page six)
• .
Neighborly Neighbors Club Will
Furnish Mill, for Thome I liable
to Purchase It Themselves
Henceforth the pupils of the lower
grades of the Pullman schools will
each drink a half pint of milk In the
middle of the morning, at the recess
hour, and a careful tabulation of
weights will he kept lv each room
to ascertain the physical develop
ment which results from the nour
ishment. Milk will be provided for
the pupils whoso parents are unable
to purchase it themselves' by the
Neighborly Neighbors club, 0111
fund raised for school relief pur
poses at the charity party given las.
Saturday afternoon. Straws will
also be furnished by the club and
scales for weighing the 'youngsters
have been loaned by F. C. Densow.
The plan is expected not only to
furnish proper nourishment for the
undernourished children.but to pro
mote a habit of milk drinking among
all the youngster-.
During the fall and winter the
members of the Neighborly Neigh
bors club has turned out, over 100
garments for. needy persons as well.
as doing much other work of a char
itable nature.
■—i. iiji. iwi.jyu—• —
No. 16

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