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The Yakima herald. (North Yakima, W.T. [Wash.]) 1889-1914, February 21, 1889, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88085523/1889-02-21/ed-1/seq-1/

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The Yakima Herald.
Volume L
THE YAM HERALD.
REED A COE Proprietors.
iniU EVERY THURSDAY*
(2.00 PKR ANNUM. IN ADVANCE.
Itartiriag lata llp> Aff&atwi.
E. M. Hied. Editor and Business Manager.
PROFESSIONAL CARDS.
V. n. VSITB. I R. I. SEITBLT
V. H. Attorney. I
WHITE A BNIVELY,
Attorneys at Law.
rpr once with County Tnoanrar. at the Court
Room, North Yakima. Will practice in all the
courts ol the territory. L
n. t. cAToa, | k c. PAsaisn,
Bprao*. I North Yakima
CATON A PARRISH,
Attorneys at Law.
practice In all the Courts of the terri
tory. OAce on Pint Street, opposite the Court
Homo. North Yakima W. T. 1_
JOHN O. BOYLE.
Attorneys at Law.
Wlllnractleo In all Courts of the Territory.
Office In Pint National Bank BniMinc, North
Yakima. W. T.
i. a. as a vis. | a. m a as. | c. a. obatks
REA VIS, MIRES A ORAVEB,
Attorneys at Law.
practice In all Courts of the Territory.
Special attention flren to all D. 8. land office
bast ness. OBces at North Yakima and Bllens
bnrgh. W. T. t
bdwasd wairaoit. I iouna.At.Li*
I
AI.LKN, WHITSON A PARKER,
Attorneys at Law.
in Pint National Bank Bnlldint,
North Yakima. W. T.
8. 0. MOBFORD. ..
Attorney at Law,
Practices In all Courts la the Territory. Ks
W.
o. «. bill. m. o. wm. •. con. «. n.
HILL A COB,
PhyslcftßS, Sirgeois ud Accoucheurs.
franco over Allen A Chapman's dm* store.
DAVID ROSSER, M. D.
DM-Havlng been In aettve practice for a nnm
her of yean, now offiera his Mrriccs to the eltl
sens of North Yakima and eommnntty. All
calls answered promptly end he hopes by dllll
tent attention to bnslneaa to merit a libcal pat
rona«c. Office over C. B. Bnsbnall's drng store.
T. B. GUNN,
Physician A Surgeon.
Office In Pint National Bank, first door np
stairs. Refers to W. A. Cox sod Bsbelmaa Brae :
also, to any eitiaen of Memphis, Mo. •
MISCELLANEOUS.
•I. M. STOUT,
FORWARD ISO AND COMMISSION.
handling of Yakima Prodace for
PageTHound Markets a Specialty.
Wsrthoaae west of Railroad Track, No. 8,
Block B. North Yakima. W. T. 011-ly
A. F. SWITZER,
Contractor and Builder,
NORTH YAKINIA. W. T. f
Hitt Contract tor the erection of ell classes of
Bnlldiura. either Brick, Slone. Concrete, or
Wood, and wtU complete the work honestly
ill According to i|msnL
Ksvaasacs: firm Net'l Beak of North Yekime.
office, «p mein la Opera Romeo. Office bean,
4 teSp. m.
NORTH TAEDEA NUBSBBT
NORTH YAKIMA. W. T.
All kinda of
FINE FRUIT TREES
At moderate prices.
SHADE TREES A SPECIALTY.
R. LRIHUR, - - MMF.
FIRST NATIONAL BANK
of North Yakima.
Diaacroae.
S9SB!( ■
J. R. Lewie, Row ato Waireo*,
President. Vice President.
W. L. Sremwao, Ceehler.
~ DORS A QRNRRAL BANKING BUSINESS.
Bijb sat Mh Exebage at KmmrsMc Rato.
f AYR INTEREST OH TIMS DEPOSITS.
SrtAjjil
Finewiis&Lipni
Theßeetßraadeof
liported aid Dnotic Clean
South Side Yakima Arena*
NORTH YAKIMA, WASHINGTON TERRITORY, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY SI, 1889.
WHY I RIMED YOI .
Why did 1 kirn yon * Oh, nonaeusc!
How eonld a man explain that ?
With yonr eyes looking at him from under
A coquettish Ualnsborongh bat:
With nothing but lace on your shouldcn,
And, now, ask me why 1 kissed you!
It wonid make a preacher swear.
Why did I kiss you? Confound It!
I think that was reason enough;
To make me tell all my reasons.
la Jnst a little too rough.
Oh, of course I knew you were married—
There was not much chance to forget—
So, perhaps, that was why I did it,
And yet—and yet—and yet—
I think that the reason I kissed yon
Was because you were standing so near.
While your eyes, thro’ the star-lit darkness.
Were shining so tender and clear:
Your hand, when 1 tenderly clasped it.
Half answered, trembled with fright—
Do yon understand, now, why I kissed you,
Out them in the darkness last night?
Well—this, then, was why I kissed you;
Yonr throat and your arras were like snow,
Yonr breath was like wine, and your glances,
Were langorous, tender and slow:
Your Ups. like a shell that is scarlet.
Were softly uncurled. Just for this:
That a man should lose conscience and reason
And hcuor, all—tor one kiss!
So, all in a moment I clasped you,
And held you, and kissed yon with love.
And only the flowers knew It,
And God and the angels above;
Bo this, dear, Is why I clasped yon,
And held yon, and kissed yon—with pain:
Because I knew never, no never,
Would you anfi I kiaa—again.
InqnktiM*.
As we notice tire many falsehood* re
peated concerning what this or that nmn
Raid, we are apt to nay like David, “All
men ore liars and like David, we are
apt to be hasty. The fact is, more than
three-fourths of the people can not rejieat
the words of a speaker, especially if the
subject be new or complex. Sometimes
the misrepresentations are willful.
Aliout fifty years ago, Buchanan was
accused of saying that the laborer of the
United States ought to work for ten cents
a day. He only said that Holland had
become rich with a pure metallic currency.
At that time unskilled workers some
times got as low as ten cents a day;
hence a mere inference was stated ns a
matter of fact.
In 1840, General Harrison was accused
of saying in a speech at Bellevue, Ohio:
“Look at me and you will sec a greater
man than Najioleon.” Now for the facta:
When the committee were aliout to notify
him that they were ready for him, they
found him talking with a young man
whom be had not scon for twelve years,
hut he knew him at first sight, as he was
the son of tenant at South Bend named
Sawyer. “Where is your father?” asked
be. “In the crowd,” aaid the boy. Har
rison would not answer the summons of
the committee until lie had shaken hands
with his old tenant. Pleased with the in
terview, he commenced his sjteech with
these friends in his mind. “Napoleon
had a favorite tune which he often called
for; the name of the tune was ‘A Man is
Never so Happy as When With His
Friends.’ However, Ido not wish to
compare myself to Napoleon, for he w as a
great man, and you can see 1 am hut a
small one.” Then he told them he was
with his friends and he was happy, etc.
Many a democrat was willing to sw ear
that he hail made the speech its given
above.
Thomas Corwin is quoted as saying, “If
I were a Mexican as I am an American I
would say to the soldiers, ‘Have you not
room enough to bury your dead ? If you
have not, come here and we will welcome
you with bloody bands and hospital
graves.’ ” Nine-tenths of the most intel
ligent people liellevc that the above words
are reported verbatim, but the change,
only a slight change, makes the sentiment
too harsh.
While debating the subject of the Mex
ican war, his opponents used a Latin
phrase which meant, “More room.”' In
answer to this he said: “The senators
want more room. If I were a Mexican
as I am an American, 1 would say to you,
(the senators), “Have you not room
enough,’” etc.? Ah the soldier ]h ex
pected to fight for his country, right or
wrong, it is not fair to insert the word
soldiers in place of senators.
Henry Ward Beecher is accuse* 1 of say
ing that “A dollar a day is enough for a
workingman.” He denied this. It is
not probable tliat any prominent man
save a lunatic would ever make such an
expression. Beecher did say: “A
working man can possibly live on a dol
lar a day.”
A Safe ißTMtmcnl
Is one which is guaranteed to bring you
satisfactory results, or, in case of failure,
a return of purchase price. On this safe
plan you can buy from our advertised
druggist a bottle of Dr. King’s New Dis
covery for Consumption. It is guaran
teed to bring relief in every case, when
used for any a fleet lon of throat, lungs or
cheat, such as consumption, inflamma
tion of Inngs, bronchitis, asthma, whoop
ing cough, croup, etc., etc. It in pleas
ant and agreeable to taste, perfectly safe,
and can always be depended upon. Trial
bottles free at C. B. Bushnell’s drugstore.
—Why will yon go about with that list
lew air and pale face? Have yon no life,
no ambition? You seem to care nothing
for what transpires around yon. The
beauties of nature do not interest you,
and you feel that life is a burden. If you
would have the vigor and elasticity of
youth return, enjoy a good hearty meal,
and feel like an altogether different per
son, then take Dr. Henley’s Dandelion
Tonic. It certainly produces remarkable
result*. Sold by*Allen A Chapman.
A GREATJNYMON.
Railway System and True! It be Rei
olntlontied.
j Ua« IlnilArrd Mile, u l,.«r—Ac
count of lbs Teat of the New
Hoy Alton Itlryrlc Engine.
The second day of February, at Port
land, Maine, was the proudest day in E.
Moody Boynton's life. His famous bi
cycle engine has been tunning hack and
turtle upon u track built for it in the yard
of the Portland company’s works, where
it was constructed, ami where another is
to he built at once, as well as several cars
of the same style. The popular interest
in the thing is astonishing. Thousands
of people leave leeen down to see the ope
ration of tie is curious engine. At one
time during tlie afternoon there must
leave been 500 people present, including
neouy Indies, hut there were also business
men, capitalists and a great numleer of
practical railroad men, of whom many
came from a distance.
The immense itoasibilitics of the new
system appeal very strongly to the im
agination. Mr. Boynton, wearing a
curious fur cap, ami looking more like a
minister than a mechanical inventor,
rode back and forth for an hour in the
second story of his engine, shouting to
the hoys to keep off the track, hut de
clining to make a speech.
He was asked: “How are you satis
fied with the success of the experiments?’’
“I am perfectly satisfied,” he said. “It
ran smoother and easier than I or any
one else expected, as nothing was com
plete, and it was the first crude experi
ment.”
“Will you give some details?”
“With one quarter steam ami a con
sumption of fifty youuds of coal per
hour, the twenty-ton engine was moved
hack and forth, a majority of times with
with the steam shut up, working by ex
pansion. There was no friction whatever
when running straight. Ho accurately
balanced was it that the w heels, all of
them within an inch of the guiding beam,
frequently stood entirely still. There
was no swaying whatever from aide to
side, the smoothness, stillness, ease and
grace of motion was all that could he de
sired. It was simply the bicycle running
on smooth steel and pusiied by steam to
which SUO man power could lie applied
by increasing the furnace fires. This
machine has a wiieel 8 feet in diameter,
and two engines, each 12x14 stroke. From
650 to (100 revolutions or turns, equiva
lent to 150 miles |ier hour, are its piston
speed and valve action. It Is expected to
take four curs, each seating 88 passengers,
one hundred miles an hour If necessary.
The weight of these cars is twenty-eight
tons, or seven tons each. It would re
quire ten |talace cars, weighing four hun
dred tons, or five passenger cars, weigh
ing aliout half as much, to convey the
same number of passengers we carry with
twenty-eight tons.”
“Then there must lie a tremendous sav
ing?”
“Not only do we save fivefold io the
weight of the train, hut the friction of
the bicycle spindle wheel* is less than
one-half of the ordinary double track
train. A Having of tea to one in the
power required pennita the attainment of
an average apecd of one hundred miles
per hour, or the earn ing of freight and
passengers at the present rate of speed
with from five to tenfold Having in power
required. The cost of equipment, of wear
and tear,will I* materially reduced; each
single track railway, by this single mil
system, becomes a double track, without
the purchase of any new land, grading,
bridging or tunneling. The only added
expense is the upper skeleton frame with
guiding beams, sixteen feet above the
track, which will cost, when made qf
wood, from SISOO to S3OOO per mile, or if
made Of steel, al>out S3OOO per mile, ex
clusive of double length ties, to which
the arching steel is fastened. The average
cost of tracking roads is a I tout $30,000 per
mile. By this system one-tenth of that
sum, with steel, gives ample allowance
for every contingent expense. No steel
rails are used overhead, only wooden
guiding beams, and the wheels scarcely
ever touch them, going straight.”
“How about safety?”
“The safety is nearly absolute, if very
high rates of speed are not desired. The
safety at one hundred miles per hour will
be greater than the ordinary trains at
twenty miles. There is no wedging or
side strain, or oscillation with the bicycle
train, which is grooved twtb stave and
below, and cannot leave its trsck, and
when made of steel, fourteen feet deep, H
can neither break nor born. And with
additional safety wheels, wrecking is
tically impossible. The overhead struct
ure carries the wires with which the en
gineer can converse in a fog with a train
fifty miles away, or with the station mas
ter while he is moving 100 miles per
hour.”
Orders have been given for additional
equipment, and President Edward R.
Davies and Treasurer George F. Morse of
the Portland company have joined with
Mr. Boynton in the organisation of a
Boynton bicycle railway equipment
company for the manufacture of the en
gines and machinery, to be let to the rail
ways of the United States on a fair rental
for their uae or to be absolutely sold sub
ject to s royalty to the parent Boynton
bicycle railway company of 32 Nashua
street, New York. The treasurer of the
new bicycle equipment company is
George F. Morse, the present treasurer
of the Portland locomotive company,
whose engines for the past forty yean
liave been known throughout New Eng
land and on the Pacific railroads for their
high quality. All the patents of the
Boynton bicycle railway rf’stem in the
United Htates are the property of the
New York company, which in organized
something like the 801 l telephone with a
capitalization of 15,000,000. ■ It was chart
ered under the New Jersey laws January
30, 1888, and its embrace
some of the best names in New York and
Boston, although there is not one specu
lative name among them. No stock ia
on the market, and none ia sold except
for experimental purposes.
Mr. Boynton claims that, should the
system save hall the present expenditure
in tniDH|M>rtatlon, adapted to the billions
of dollarn of existing railway property,
the royaltieM at one mill per ngile for each
passenger and the same per ton for
freight would produce an income of mere
than |70,0U0,0(N) annually. It is believed
to be applicable to small feeder roads,
and less extensive to build and operate
than anything heretofore known; that it
will take the place of the farmer’s wagon
at a Having of fifty fold in conveying his
freight to the larger roads; that it will
open up inaccessible continents like
Africa; that it can be applied to wooden
rails as well as to steel rails, to electric as
well as to steam roads, and to elevated as
well as surface roads. With its' exceed
ingly narrow and light train following a
single thread of steel, bracketed to the
cliffs and gorges of the mountains, it will
open up hitherto inaeoeesible regions,
saving a million dollars per mile in the
tunneling of mountains. If it doubles
the present speed of railways, it makes
the city and country one. The freight
cars of the system measure forty tons and
are designed to carry thirty tons of grain.
Six-ton cars of steel, which are fourteen
feet deep, thirty-two feet long and four
feet wide, are loaded through their sliding
roof at the top from the storehouses at the
prairie and dumped automatically from
the narrow sliding bottoms through a can
vas pipe into the bolds of the ships.
For passenger trains an average speed
of 100 miles per hour will be easily
obtainable, and the first unfinished
bicycle engine in its exhibition proved H.
The posMibilities of the new bicycle en
gine many scientific men believe will
never lie surpassed in transportation
either in simplicity, ease, economy or
s]>eed, and that the system of
Hteam, or more likely Aectricity, transpor
tation will be used until earth ceases to
lie inhabited. Everybody congratulates
Mr. Boynton upon the success now seem
ingly assured after ten years of thought
ful preparation and experiment, which ho
lielieves is to prove a lasting benefit to
mankind, and while leaving to his family
nn ample fortune, leave him a great name
as one of the world’s benefactors.
bath •fTPreaiieat M. P. Official.
In the last issue of the Huald a brief
account was given of injuries received by
assistant general superintendent N* D.
Hoot of the N. P. B. R., but the particu
lars were meagre. Although every atten
tion possible was given, Mr. Root died on
Thursday, February 14, and his remains
were carried through Yakima, by special
train, on the following day, to be con
signed to the last resting-place at Roches
ter, N. Y., the early home of the de
ceased.
The accident which resulted In his death
occurred while watching the operations of
the steam excavator and on loader, which
is engaged in tearing away the bank near
the south-end depot at Tacoma. Mr. Boot
was in the company of chief engineer
Kendrick, principal assistant engineer H.
8. Huson and superintendent Horner.
When a train of flat cars containing earth
is unloaded, a plow, which passes the
length of the train fin top of the cars, is
attached to the engine by a long steel
cable, which is longer than the train. The
locomotive is started with a jerk to over
come the inertia, and as the cars remain
stationary, the plow is drawn the length
of the train and the earth cast off to one
side.
Mr. Root, while watching the work, at
tempted to paee between the can and the
locomotive. Aa he started, the signal to
move the engine was made, bat he did
not hear it. His friends shoated, bat the
noise was too great for him to note the
warning, and as he stepped near the
cable the locomotive Jerked the slack out
of it, and the cable struck him in the ab
domen, throwing him several feet in the
air. Hie friends ran to hia rescue and
carried him to his private car. Dr. Davie
was immediately summoned and did all
that was possible to relieve hia intense
sufferings, bat the injuries were fatal.
Mr. Root was an efficient and eminently
practical railroad roan, giving close atten
tion to all the important details of rail
way management, and had bat recently
lieen appointed general superintendent of
the western division of the Northern Pa
cific railroad from Helena westward, with
headquarters at Helena.
Fifteen years ago be was a telegraph
curator on the Michigan Central rail
road, and was afterward train dispatcher
at Jackson, Mich. In 1878 he was ap
pointed to a responsible position os dis
patcher on the Chicago, Burlington A
Quincy railroad at Ottamwa, lowa, which
position be held for three years, when be
left the “Burlington” and took a position
at Brainerd, Minn., os chief dispatcher on
the east end of the Northern Pacific.
In the six or seven years be hu been
connected with the Northern Pacific rood,
Mr. Boot has been dispatcher, division
superintendent, assistant superintendent,
and assistant general superintendent, and
has been considered by the management
of the road one of their moot efficient
men, and withal a man with a kind
heart, respected and beloved by all who
knew him.
X NORTH YAKIIi
Rapid Groitt ud Gnat Resources ot the
Jnel City et Geitnl Washington.
EvMeaccarWhat tffic YaUaaa Valley
Draws a art Sells—Da ay ASvaa
tages la Tawa aafi Ceaatry.
There are sixty-two business houses in
the city of North Yakima, and all of
them generally occupied. This will give
ao-idea ot the local business. Of course
these bouses are occupied by every know □
branch of commerce and trade—from two
national banks, whose daily deposits
average from SBOOO to $16,000 per day,
some days the deposits have reached
$60,000, while the average deposit bal
ance will equal $150,000, also from the
dealer in general merchandise down to
the laundry. In the general sales for the
past year, including lumber, coal and the
products of two flouring mills, both of
the latest improved roller process, also
the sales of merchandise, the city of
North Yakima, with ita 2000 to 2200 in
habitants, has sold in 1888 about two and
one-half million dollars. Probably as
good an indication of the local business
can he arrived at by the shipments of
products from the Northern Pacific rail
way station here as from any other source.
It must be remembered that these ship
ments are those of the surplus, or unused
products here at home. The population
of the county ia variously estimated at
from 4850 to 6000. The last census—an
inacurate one, rather under than over— '
placed the population at 4000 about a
year ago. The influx in population aince 1
then haa Keen really marvelous, vet no '
accurate meana are at hand to estimate '
the number of that increase. It would
be extremely conservative to place it at 1
25 per cent, and none of this increase
participated in the producing of crops in |
in 1888. The result of 1889 will show
more than 25 per cent, increase in these '
shipments. For the information of the i
reader we have secured the total business
by carload shipped from this station. |
Possibly one-fourth as much more has
been shipped from here in quantities less '
than carload lots, and these should lie
included. It should also be borne in \
mind that not until the advent of the
railway, some four years ago or there
abouts, did these farmers endeavor to
raise anything more than they needed for '
home use, as no market existed. In ad- |
dition, fully two-thirds of these farmers |
have come here since the railroad came. |
The total earnings of this station was
$168,000 for 1888. The principal ship
ments were, 2200 bales of hops, 200 car- ;
loads of hay, 208 carloads of live stock,
cattle, 19 carloads of horses, shipped east, (
« carloads of sheep, 62 carloads of vegeta
bles, 27 carloads of potatoes, 21 carloads (
of melons, 2 carloads of wool and 7 cases 1
of leaf tobacco, 4000 pounds, shipped to
New York. Not over one-sixth of the
available acreage is under cultivation,
and ten times as much as is now sup
plied with water is here awaiting the cre
ation of irrigating ditches and canals.
These figures should suggest the possibil
ity .>f this valley. Its market is the
Sound and coast cities, the markets of
the world, also via the Sound and Pacific
ocean; and it has the towns and country
to the east clear to and including St. Paul i
and Chicago. There is no just reason ;
why this city and county, when they i
shall have reached their, maximum in
population, ahould not have in the city
from 15,000 to 25,000, and the county 40,-
000 to 50,000. Neither is there any good
reason why they should not be eventually ,
among the very wealthiest town and
county in Waahington territory. For in
stance, the geographical center of Illinois
is Springfield. This Illinois city is wholly
supported by agriculture, while the tribu
tary country has not over half the yielding
capacity of this county of Yakima.
Springfield is over forty years old, and <
Yakima three to four since its existence ;
was really acknowledged or known. Tis
true that Springfield is the capital of Illi
nois. Who knows but that North Yak
ima may be the capital of Washington. 1
To-day the location of the capital, by |
common consent, is conceded to this cen
tral Washington, and one of two towns
most get it—each with apparently equal
chances. If a neighboring locality should
secure the capital, why should act this
city be at least the equal of Jacksonville, .
Illinois,a neighboring town to Springfield 7
Jacksonville is a city of 18,000, and a
very wealthy city. It Is a seat of learning
with five or six colleges and academies.
Has not this city a parallel opportunity to
the cities named? Nowadays cities reach i
their maximum population in from five
to ten years. II this city should have the '
same experience then in five to seven
years hence North Yakima will have her
16,000 to 20,000 people and property here,
now so very cheap, will then have ad
vanced 1000 per cent. All the material
elements that go to make a big and pros
perous city are here. This people are the
equal of any city in the universe in point
of morals, education, stability, energy,
economy and application. They are dis
tinctively a progressive people who value
educational opportunities. The hand
some two-story brick school boose now
here, a fifteen thousand dollar building
when entirely completed and extremely
modern, is evidence of their intentions
and desires in this direction. Another
building even better than this one. will
soon be erected, aa the need lor it now
axlata. There are aixteen organlaed dla
tricta or loarnahipa in Yakima county to
day. The area of the county covers about
7000 square miles, or the equivalent of
70x100 miles. There are twenty-six
school districts in the county in each of
which some kind of a school building
exists. The class of teachers employed
are among the best—the system of exam
ination enforcing thin—all of which ex
plain the character of this people. The
school indebtedness of the county is nom
inal or trivial* the total county indebted
ness being only about SIOO,OOO. This
sum has been required for the construction
of bridges chiefly. Ho many valued and
desirable streams—the main life and sus
tenance of the county—require frequent
bridging to enable farmers to get into the
town, and the people are not penurious
in their own interests. These county
bounds were most readily sold at par—
with 6 per cent interest running thirty
years—with the privilege of redemption
at the end of twenty years. Yakima
county presents one marvelous and most
attractive feature, vis: The total taxa
tion of the county is only 13 4-5 mills,
which includes the total tax, territorial
added. It is divided as follows:
■IIXO.
Territorial panoses Xb
Ordinary county . 10
Road an'd 'Bridge'
Road tax Lfi
Military U
Relief of indigent ex-Union soldiers is
one-tenth of one mill, a total of IS 4-5
mills. There ia not a pauper in the
county. The above taxation is heralded
to the world as the very lowest known
from and including Minnesota to and in
cluding California. If there ia another
county in a new country that can show
as low a taxation, the public would like
to know of it. It is not ever one-half the
average taxation of Dakota —it is about 5
mills less than the average of this terri
tory ; it is 7 mills less than the average
of Montana, and apparently, with the
splendid natural road beds, and increased
valuation, it need not be materially in
creased in the future. The total amassed
valuation of property is even two million
dollar*—and like all Washington territory
—this valuation is most shamefully low.
The real value is over four times as touch
and on this basis the real taxation should
he divided by four. With this most de
sirable record of a county yet in ita in
fancy, why should not Yakima county
and the city l*e most desirable to live in.
The indolitedness of the city is only $lO,-
000, the taxation 7 mills. When taxes
next are paid, thia entire indebtedness
could be paid off, or S7OOO of it, so easily
as not to endanger the future needs of the
city. This amount, in the good financial
of the city, Is almost too trivial to men
tion. We should not close this article
without returning the thanks of the Ore
gonian to Mr. H. G. Humphrey, the pop
ular and efficient agent of the N. P. rail
way in this city, who kindly prepared
the above table of shipments from his
records. He is also authority (or the
statement that the local express business
has more than doubled in amount in the
last year. The telegraph ahowa the same
result, while the population itself about
doubled in 1888.— Oregonian. .
ftmttr Turn. ■
Senator Zeb Vance is a North Caroli
nian, now in his fifty-ninth year, and in
his seventeenth year in the senate. Be
fore be was elected to the* office he now
holds he hsd served two yean in the bouse
and had held a number of offices in hia
native state, and had rendered valiant
service to the cause of secession, rising to
the rank of major general. He was in
Lee’s army at the surrender at Appomat
tox. Vance is rather large in build and
heavy in form, with silvery white hair and
a stubby moustache of the same color.
Hia voice is rather rasplah and nasal, and
he might be regarded as a down-ease Yan
kee from the tone of hia speech, hot be is
a southerner, with all the southern traits
strongly marked in his character. Hia
humor, of which be has a very abundant
fund, is of the southern type. Vance evi
dently comes from a family that was very
religious and devout. Hia language at
many times is strikingly like that of the
bible. Phrase after phrase of his speeches
are well known texts of the holy writ,and
there la a strong religions coloring in all
g>f his remarks. The principal character
istic of bis mind, however, is his humor.
He is the funny man of the senate. He
has an inexhaustible storehouse of anec
dotes which be relates cleverly end always
with aptness. He has lightened op the
doll and dry details of the tariff with hu
mor and wit, which has many times pro
voked a hearty laugh in the senate; but
bis assault on the system of protection is
hardly regarded as serious. It is good
humored and sophistical. Vance la a
southerner in hia politics. There is no
taint of mogwumpery about him. Daring
Cleveland’s administration hia chief occu-
pattern in the senate waa to rtdkule and
make sport of the civil service system,
which Cleveland had promised to support.
Vance selected his choicest stories to Illus
trate what be considered the absurdities
and incongruities of civil service reform.
—The world wide reputation of Ayer’s
Sarsaparilla is the natural result of Its
surpassing value as a blood medicine.
Nothing, in the whole pharmacopeia,
effects more astonishing results, in scrof
ula, rheumatism, general debility, and all
forms of blood disease, than this remedy.
—'“ l have used Ayer’s Pills lor the post
30 yean, and am satisfied I should not be
alive to-day if it had not been for them.
They cured me of dyspepsia when all
other remedies failed.”— 1 1. P. Bonner,
Chester. Pa. Ayer's Fills are sold by all
druggists.
Number 4.
SPIRITUALISM.
Hot to Pom Spirit Circles it Bom.
Lessees to Btglian.
Table Taasbllag—Whe are Kataral
Nt4leau,aa4 Hew le ttala tbs
Mfiterleu Fewer.
For the benefit of tboee who with to try
their powers st home, we gather the fol
lowing directions lor forming spirit dr
cles:
Inquiries into the phenomena of spirit
ualism should begin by forming circles in
their own homes, with no spiritualist or
professional mediums present. Should
no results be obtained on the first occa
sion, try again with other sitters. One
or more persons possessing medial powers
without knowing it are to be found in
every household. Let the room be of a
comfortable temperature, but cool rather
than warm—let arrangement! be made
that nobody shall enter It, and that there
■hall be no interruption (or one hour dur
ing the sitting of the circle. Let the cir
cle consist of lour, five or six individuals,
about the aarne number of each sex. Bit
round an uncovered wooden table, with
all the palms of the bands in contact with
its top surface. Whether the hands touch
each other or not is usually of no import
ance. Any table will do, Just large enough
to conveniently accommodate the sitters.
The removal of a hand from the table for
a few seconds does no harm, but when
one of the sitters breaks the circle by
leaving the table it sometimes, hot not
always, considerably delays the manifes
tations. Before the sitting begins, place
some pointed lead pencils and some sheets
of dean writing paper on the table, to
write down any communications that
may be obtained. People who do not like
each other should not sit in the same cir
cle, for such a want of harmony tends to
prevent manifestations, except with well
developed physical mediums; it Is not yet
known why. Belief or unbelief has no
influence on the manifestations, but an
acrid feeling against them is frequently
found to be s weakening influence. Be
fore the manifestations begin it is well to
engage in general conversation or in sing
ing, and it is best that neither should be
of a frivolous nature. The first symptom
of the Invisible power at work Is often a
feeling like a cool wind sweeping over the
hands. The first manifestations will
probably be table tiltings or wraps. When
motions of the table or sounds are pro
duced freely, to avoid dfofusion, let one
person only speak: he should talk to the
table as an intelligent being. Let him
tell the table that three tilts or raps mean
“yes,” one means “no,” and two mean
“doubtful,” and ask whether the arrange
ments are understood. If three signals be
given in answer, then say, *TII apeak the
letters of the alphabet slowly, will you
signal every time I come to the letter yon
want, and spell us out a message?**
Should three signals be given, set to work
on the plan proposed, and from this time
an intelligent system of communication la
established. Afterwards the question
should be put, "Are we sitting in the right
order to get the best manifestations T"
Probably some members of the circle will
then be told to change seats with each
other, and the signals will be afterwards
strengthened. Next ask. "Who is the
medium?" When the intelligence asserts
itself to be relapM or known to anytyxiy
present, welLAosen questions should be
put to test the accuracy of the statements,
aa the alleged spirits are found to exhibit
all the virtues and all the failings of hu
manity.
A medium is usually a person of an im
pulsive, affectionate, and genial nature,
and very sensitive to mesmeric influences.
Mediums are of both sexes. The best
manifestations are obtained when the me
dium and all the members of the circle
are strongly bound together by the affect*
ions, and are thoroughly comfortable and
happy. Family circles with no strangers
present are usually the best. Possibly at
the first sitting of a circle symptoms of
other forme of mediumehip, then tilts or
rape may make their appearance, whOe
by sitting regularly two or three times a
week the manifestations will vapidly de*
velop. Among the varied phases of the
phenomena already obeeeved by Investi
gators may be noted the following: Move
ment of physical objects, both with and
withoutbontact with the sitters; direct
writing, drawing, and voices; enhance
ment; trance, and inspirational utterance;
temporary matarilisatlons; Involuntary
writing, healing, visions, impressions, as
well as many phenomena observed In the
study of mesmerism and clairvoyance.
Marts Wins.
We desire to say to oar citisens, that
for yean we have been selling Dr. King's
New Discovery far Consumption, Dr.
King's New life Pills, Bocklen’s Arnica
Salve and Electric Bitten, and have never
handled remedies that sell as well, or*
that have given such universal satisfac
tion. We do not hesitate to guarantee
them every time, and we stand ready to
refund the purchase price, if satisfactory
results do not follow their use.. These
remedies have won their great popularity
purely on their merits. Sold by C. D.
Bushnell, druggist.
and pimples an promptly relieved end
cured by applying Dotard* Specific. It
is s never failing remedy I* ask rheum,
tetter and all skin dismsm, Sold by Allan
A Chapman. ; .

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