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The Yakima Herald.
VOL. 3. tie liMi aim (BED 8 COE Proprietors. HUHIKU KVEHV Till K»U»*. 12.00 Will ANNUM. IN ADVANCE. Mntfaiai lit* Up* AfffiaUH. E. M. Reid. Editor and Business Manager. Oflcial Paper tf M Yatiia. PROFESSIONAL CARDS. H. J. BNIVELY, Attorney at Law. «N)Bn over Yakima National Bank, North Ima. Will practice in all the courts ol the Bute and 08. land officer I. s. as&via. I »• EIMOT, RE A VIS A MILROY, Attorneys at Law. gVWIU practice in all Courtsof the Territory. mSelal attention given to all U. w. land olßce business. North Yakima. Wash. bdwasd whitsom. raaDr*aaaa. WHITSON * PARKER, Attorneys at Law. in First National Bank Building. 8. O. MORFORD, Attorney at Law, Practices in all Courts in the Territory. Es pecial attention to Collections. . v . Office up stairs over Feebler A Rom . North Yakima. JOHN O. BOYLE, Attorney at Law. Office nest door to the United State* Land Office T. 11. VANCE, ATTORNEY - A.T - LAW, Office over Fin* National Bank. Special at tention given to land Office business. 8. C. HENTON, JUSTICE Of til* PEACE, NOTARY PUBLIC, U. S. COMMISSIONER. Special attention given collection* and Notary work. Office over Yakima National Bank. T. a. cphh. w. «. Cos. GUNN A COE, Physicians and Surgeons. Office on 2d street, in building formerly occu pied by Dr. W. A. Monroe. apM-tf O. M. GRAVES, DENTIST. All work In my line flrat-clasa. lacal anesthet ics used to extract teeth without pain. No charge (or examination. over First National B*u». L. BROOKER & SON, Contractors «mf Builders, NORTH YAKIMA, WASH. Lock-Box 277. Residences, Nob Hill. Refer ence, Yakima National Hank. 37-Bn> Yatima ArteaanWell Borina Co. CONTRACT* MADE FOR SINKING \rleHiaii-:- Well*. H. A SCUDDER. Manager. Office. First National Bank, North Yakima. Tin Celebrated French Sura, “APHRODITINE" SMBS fls Solo oh a POSITIVE GUARANTEE DSb U asasffi excessive use of Btimulanta, Tobacco or Opium, •r through youthful Indiscretion, over InduS eoec, Ac.. *uch us Lam of Brain Power, Wakeful- Wwkuwj. “fyaSiTu. Nervous hmtton al Emission*, Leaourrbesa, Dlaaineas, Weak Mem £si. Esy? •—* jure is not efiketed. Thousands ol testlmoniats linm old and young, of both sexes, permanently cured by APHBoniTtHB. Clrenlar free. SOLD BY W. H. CHAPMAN, Sole Agent, North Yskims. Wash. Ostaia For laCsats aad Children. Oasieris |ts«H» Digestion, and overcomes”rfiuUocj,''CooetlpaUon, Boor Bllimi l, Diarrhoea, and fcliii— Thns the child is rendered healthy and its Gasp Mrtsrsl. Oaetsrls contains do Marphlns or other nsrootio property. "OSsHrtalsae wall adapted le ebfldvea that isg: &ZS&SS&<7. MTMAfSi Mew 'tort. am fa Omreea Oeemear. TT Merrsy If set, M. T. A NEW HERO IN INDIA THE EXPLOIT OF LIEUTENANT GRANT IN MANIPUR. ■e Marched Against the Hostile* with Only Eighty Sepoys and Grappled with Veas by tho Thousand*. Winning at ■very Point. (Copyright, 1891, by American Press Associa tion- Book right* reserved.] us reserven.j BEAT BRITAIN, whose martial d ro mheat daily en circles the globe with a rhythmic girdle, and whose realm includes the untamed hordes of barbaric east ern peoples that I (rum time un counted have been at war with west- I ern progress and r civilisation, ought \ to be able to fur ■ niah the humdrum world with a hero * nowaodtben,even in peaceful times like the present. She has done so this year from far off India, and be stowed another honor and decoration upon the famous highland clan of soldierly Scots, the Grants, of "Black Watch" fame, that (or a century or more has had at least one hero of every generation in India. On the 27th of March last a flying de tachment of native soldiers—Goa rkas— rushed into the English camp at Tummu, in Burmah. and breathlessly announced a terrible disaster to a small English army at the capital of Manipur, distant from Tummu about four days march over the bills. The camp at Tummu was in charge of Lieut. C. J. W. Grant, of the Second Burmah regiment. Hia father, grand father and great-grandfather had been sol diers in India, and be knew by instinct and tradition that once a tribe got the upper band in hostilities a massacre of British residents and soldiery would follow. The government of India main Ulus an agent, or representative, and a residency at Mani pur, and there at the time, as Lieut. Grant knew, were the chief commissioner, bis wife and other English officials and at taches. Between them and all other Eng lish posts, except Tummu, lay wide stretches of Jungle, cutting off all hope of escape and of timely succor. Grant promptly wired to his superiors at distant points in Burmah for authority to march to the rescue of bis comrades and friends, and at n o’clock at night on the 27tb re ceived a sanction of his plans. At 5 o’clock on the morning of the 28th he set out with 60 men of his own regiment and 30 of the Gourka soldiers that bad come in from Manipur. The route lay over the bills and the com pany marched twelve boon before resting. The next night and day they marched thirteen hours, and the next, the 30th, eight hours, fighting their way over intrench meuts and through villages, always out numbered, but victorious. The Mauipuri prisoners taken in the fight confirmed the news of the disaster at Manipur and said that the English leaders bad all been kill ed and that the wife of the resident, Mrs. Grim wood, had escaped into the Jungle And was fleeing toward the British camps. Lieut. Grant resumed his march at 11 o’clock at night and pushed on until daylight, when be was confronted by a river with its bridge burning and a hostile fort on the opposite side covering the passage. The gallant leader made a reconnoissanoe on horseback and found the bridge timbers burned through; also be saw the exact formation of the enemy’s works—a mad tort with trenches extending up and down the river bank. The little force of 80 men was then placed in three lines, the first two of 20 men each in firing sections of 10 each. The advance sounded, and one section of the front line opened fire while the other rushed forward thirty paces, dropped down and also opened fire. In this way the advance crept up to within 100 yards of the works. Then Lieut. Grant signaled hla supports, 40 men in two sections, to move up on either flank, which they did, not halting at the firing line, but pushing about forty yards ahead, then dropping and opening lire. At this the first sections arose In a body and dashed forward to the river bank and down into tba stream, Grant at the head of all The water was from three to six feet deep, and the plucky lieutenant got in over hia depth and bad to ha helped out. His followers, however, lost no time, but, standltag* in the shallow edge of tho stream, fixed bayonets and formed for the charge. The enemy kept down behind their walla firing from loopholes, and these were the only targets the assailants bad until they advanced with the cold steel. Then the llanipurl left their cover at the first wall and fell back. Grant’s men advanced, freely using the bayonet. At the second wall the enemy tried to rally, but the Un- English —' ' for OEAVT AT THE HEAD. (ham. Grant, with a handful, pushed for- ward in (be center and the supports made a rush on the flanks, and the Manipurl, daasd by (be audacity of the assault, fled up (be hillside. Grant found to his amassment that the captured works were a mile long and bad been occupied by 800 men, armed with muskets aad rifles, 800 of them carrying (he Martini, superior to the best arms of (be English opposed to them. The capture of Fort Thobal took place March 81. Early on April 1 Grant’s patrols saw (be enemy advancing from a new posi tion. A fSw good shots, each sending a Mani pur! to (be dust, drove them to cover for sev eral bourn. Then (bey formed for advance again. Grant placed 80 men in a walled (mash la front of (be fort, and in a few mlgntes their well aimed bolless sent (be NORTH YAKIMA, WASHINGTON, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 3, 1891. enemy flying out of reach. Then a new danger appeared, end fora tl melt looked to the young commander aa though the dar ing of bis men bad been in rain. From the camp of the Manipur! on the hillside there sounded a loud "boom,” a shell went •creaming over the front line, where Grant stood at the post of honor, and bursting, scattered ita fragments in the field tat ween the trench and the fort. This was fol lowed by a second and a third. Grant feared for the courage of bis men should they be compelled to lie cooped up in a fort under the fire of cannon. Fortu nately the enemy bad not acquired skill in gunnery when they received those cannon as a present from the very British they were now trying to bombard with them. Their shots were wild and went over the front line and short of the fort, and finally, when Grant's marksmen got the range of the green artillerists, guns and all disap peared. The following morning the attack was resumed, preceded by more harmless shell ing. The chances were piling up against Lieut. Grant and bis band of devoted Sepoys Every hour added numbers to the Manipuri, for the tocsin spread like wild fire among thewarloving hill tribes, and learning that the conflict bad begun, their soldiers made all speed to put themselves in the way of any English coming up from the outside. The ruler of Manipur, the military chieftain and all of the troops of the country, with the best arms and equip ments that could be gathered—cannon, rifles and ammunition, ail at some time or other presented to the ruling rah for bis services to England—were in front of Tho bal scheming to conquer and thirsting to massacre its valiant defenders. Graut had only seventy rounds per man for his Burmese soldiers and thirty per man for hia Gourka allies, and be aban doned the outer trench and placed ail bauds within the fort. When the Mani purl crowded up to the trenches, 200 yards away, the riflemen in the fort dropped them by scores. It was only a question of how long the enemy would swarm so reck lessly within range and the fort’s ammuni tion bold out. Lieut. Grant handled a rifle along with the rest, aud scattered many a group of Manipuri assailants by dropping some of their number at long range. Several sorties were headed by him against assailants that had crawled close up along the ditches' and hedges that led to the fort from sil directions. In one sortie, with only six followers, he crept near enough to the enemy to use his re volver, and cleared out an angle of the trench where they were making a hot fire upon the besieged garrison. Ten of the Manipuri were killed io this sortie. Returning to the fort, Grant found that he had only ammunition forone hour more of hard fighting. He placed watchmen at the walls with orders not to fire except on enemies advancing across the open ground io front of the fort. The assailants did not advance, bat kept up a steady fire of bul lets that were buried In the mud walla or flew harmlessly over. Thus passed the days until April 7. Then some Burmese scouts brought news of a large army com ing to tba rescue. Next day a flag of truce appeared on the Manipuri outposts and a letter was sent in from the commandant of • relief expedition telling Grant to retire at once, os he would not be supported in bis fight. The orders wars peremptory and had to be obeyed. The retreat «u made od a dark, stormy night, when lightning flashea were all the light the marching soldiers bad. With each flash the column made a few paces forward and then waited for the next. The soldiers were drenched to the skin, and sometimes the darkness compelled them to stand half an hour exposed to attack from the hostile** along the way. The march was slow, of course. Grant clang to the coat of an owl eyed Sepoy, for be could see nothing himself. About 3 o’clock in the morning one of the sol diers passed the word back from the front of the column sleepily, "The party has come,” and the next moment Grant was grasping the band of Capt. Presgrave, commanding the relief. The meeting was a surprise to Presgrave, for the Manipuii natives had told him at two different places that Grant’s band had met the fate of the official party. Capt. Presgrave bad brought up 180 men and a supply of ammunition, and this was fortunate, because at the village of Pale), at the foot of the Manipur hill, where Grant had had a sharp fight on bis march out, the retiring column was met by about 400 Manipuri soldiers. In a spirit of revenge rather than of self defease Grant led a party of mounted men forward and charged, surprising and routing the Mani puri. Grant’s horse was killed under him and he fought on foot, emptying bis re volver again and again in the melee. In this attack 40 Manipuri were slain and Grant's loss was only his horse and a pony. At their lost battle ground, Palel, the column halted for further re-enforcements and the danger was over. The first tele graphic dispatches that went through after the news from Tbobal had been discussed at British headquarters In India were con gratulations and other good words for Grant, the new hero of the British army. In time there followed snbetantial honors from England in the shape of the Victoria Cross, bearing the Inscription “For Val our,” and awarded only for conspicuous daring in the face of the enemy; also a commission as major. As often happens, Grant’s courage had ad snbetantial fruit. The survivors of the massacre at the Manipur capital, Mrs. Orlmwood and others, escaped in a differ ent direction, without aid from Grant. But his deed was heroic in the extreme and was worth to the army all that has been claimed for it. The Manipurl are not rude oarages, fighting with the spear and bow against long range weapons. They confronted Grant with superior numbers— eome accounts say as many as 4,000—0f or ganised and uniformed troops, armed with modern rifles. The only point in which (bey were orermstehed was in the pluck, sagacity, and daring of the gallant Boot **“ Wi«. , trfen J «nu MARION,THE SWAMP FOX THE BOLD CAREER OF SOUTH CAR* OLINA’S GREAT PARTISAN. He Took Refuge la the Swamp* When the Patriot Armies Had Been Driven from the State and Fought on Hla Own Hook. (Copyright, 1891, by American Free* Associa tion. Book right* reserved.] iM nnorifu. j WAMP FOX. the nickoameof South Carolina’s famous i Revolutionary sol idler, like that of "Stone wall," "Little Mac," " Fighting Joe " and "Uncle Billy," originated in an incident and was taken up by the populace as being a good fit. Romance and tradition have extended the fame of those wonderful exploits of Marlon in regions of bog and briar which drew from his baffled enemy, Tarleton, the expression, "Aa for this swamp fox, the devil blmacif couldn’t catch him," and if the widely credited atoriea of tboee exploits are not true in every detail, or are too highly colored, they are characteristic and deal with a strong and picturesque side of the life of one of the moet sublime and daring heroes of the south. Marlon at a certain stage of bis career was a “Swamp Vox" and conducted an ir regular warfare, but hia methods were suited to the region of bis campaigns and to the nature of his enemy. In point of fact be passed but an insignificant portion of bis service in independent warfare, and was almost constantly acting in the regu lar ranks of the Revolutionary army. Before the Revolution Marion distinguish ed himself os a soldier, and in the Cherokee war virtually won a battle by leading a for lorn hope of 80 men to storm the key point of the Indian position. After that be served in the provincial congress, and in the first regiment of Revolutionary volunteers organized id his district was elected cap tain. In the desperate battles around Charleston and Savannah and In the cam paigns of the south, from 1775 to 177 V, be won promotion step by step until he be came colonel and was for a time second in command to Gen. Lincoln, the American leader in the south. By a fortunate accident in Charleston before the British lines closed around it, he broke one of his legs and went away to his home in the interior, and so escaped capture when the city fell, in May, 1780. Other military disasters soon followed the surrender of Charleston and in a few weeks there was not an armed body of Americans in the field in South Carolina. Meanwhile Marion bod recovered from his hurt, and Governor Rutledge placed him in command of a district that was rising to arms against British oppression. Tbs oppression was not imaginary but real; it was not the menace of laws passed away over the sea, hut the band of tyranny felt daily at home. The king's officers, after prevailing upon the inhabitants by peace ful proclamations to lay down their arms aa patriots, demanded that they take them np again as British soldiers snd fight against their brethren. The people of a large district known as Williamsburgh, learning that Marion was under way to bead an uprising, boldly refused to obey the king’s minions and secretly organised four companies under the title of "Marion's brigade." It was this force, afterward increased or depleted according to luck or necessity, that Marion handled with disturbing effect on the British, using the swamps of the central river region now as an ambush, now as a lair. With these men, dispersed in crises of grave danger and summoned to arms again at the moment of oppor tunity, Marion cut off supplies from the foreign armies in South Carolina, broke up the haunts of Tory adherents of the hate ful rule, captured scouting parties and dis patch bearers, and in a dosen ways con vinced the enemy that conquest of the soil didn't include tbeaubjugation of the people. Marion's brigade undoubtedly gave the British ample cause to stigmatize it aa a band of outlaws, at least ample from a British point of view. Tbs men were not uniformed snd were armed with rude weapons, their sabers being wrought out of saws taken from mills lying in the ene my’s districts. Marlon himself had no regimentals until he secured them by the recapture of some supplies at a British post. The warfare be waged was embit tered by the activity of the Tory inhabit ants, who, backed by tbs king’s forces, were guilty of nameless cruelties toward MEBCT TO A TOBT CAPTTTX. mil patriots and their families. Marion's brother was basely murdered by Tories who captured him, yet the Rrest partisan was slow to retaliate for Tory excesses. In one of bis Istcr campaigns, long after bis brother bad been murdered and the Tories bad laid waste tbe homes of patriots who espoused tbe cause of lib erty. be interfered to protect Tory pris oners from tbe vengeance of their captors. While acting in concert with Light Horse Harry Lee, a British fort fell into his hands, and Marion, while at dinner, learned that some of Lee’s men were hanging cer tain of the captives. Without stopping for formalities bs rushed to the scene of execution sword in hand, saved the life of one man who was about to be strung np, and threatened to kill the principals in the affair should they attempt further* re prisals of that nature. Tbe turning point in Marlon’s career was his retirement to Snow’s Island, after sev eral bouts with the enemy that taught them to respect the “Swamp fox” and be always alert and active while within his reach. Snow's Island was a fortress surrounded by water and swamps, offering shelter and bearing provisions and live stock. Marion destroyed all tbe bridges, obstructed roads and pathways, removed all boats and craft from the rivers in the vicinity and insulated Mscamgeompletsly. His position was op the kiwer Pedee, opposite the chain of British forts on the line of the Santee river that covered Charleston on the north. From this stronghold his band sallied forth, di rected by scouting parties that kept watch upon the movements of the British, and harassed and annoyed the enemy more than an army would have done. The British at length attempted to break up "Mr. Marion," as he was known in their official dispatches. Col. Tarleton, the leader of the southern Tories, tried to purine the band after one of their wild incursions with in the British lines. He failed, and two parties were sent out from the forts on tba Santee line, one led by Col. Watson and the other by Doyle. Watson started in March, 1181, with 500 regulars and Tories and marched from Fort Watson, on the Santee, in the direction of Snow’s Island. Marion had exact knowledge of Watson’s progress and by a swift march met him in the swam pa between the Santee sod Black rivers. A spirited fight took place, and Watson's advance body of Tory cavalry wait driven hack upon the infantry sup ports. Marion then retired before Watson, frequently laying an ambuscade for the British, and at Black river made ready for a decisive combat. A bridge on Watson’s routs was thrown down snd s body of riflemen was placed in the low swampy border on the east bank. Watson boldly opened with field pieces from the high ground on the west bank. But Marion’s sharpshooters cut down the British artillerists on sight and a forlorn hope party that tried to storm the passage was driven back with the loss of its leader snd of all the men who rallied around him. Watson declared that be "bad never seen ■ueb shooting in hit life." Finally he gave it up In despair and sent a letter to Marion imploring him to go back to regular meth ods of warfare slid fight in open field. Marion took no notice of this, but pushed his daring swamp fighters across the stream up to the very outposts of the British camp, drove them from place to place, and at last got them into a corner where Watson was glad to accept from bis opponent permission for the wounded to pass on to the main British lines. Before the British escaped they were compelled to fight for the road way. Watson's horse was killed under him and he saved his head by a narrow chance. This was at Samplt bridge, on the road to Georgetown, on the lower Pedee. The fail ure of an ambuscading party to do the work cut out by Marion alone saved Wat son from destruction at that time. "00, AMD BKINO MB THKIB ANSWER.’’ But dishearten! og news reached Ma rion’s ears while on the return from Sam ple bridge to his lair at Snow's Island. The swamp band numbered less than 800 men. and after drawing off a force large enough to baffle Watson and the scouting parties needed for the large territory threatened by the British, there had been only a handful left to guard the camp. This handful bad been overcome by Doyle, who bad crossed over from the Wateree to the Pedee country, north of the scene of Marion’s and Watson’s encounters, and swooped down on the Island with a relent less band. Everything of value to the partisans was destroyed—stock, provisions, ammunition and arms. When the scouts brought this word to Marion's bivouac no time was lost In mourning, and the band, led as usual by fleet cavalry, suited to take vengeance on Doyle. Doyle, how ever, soon put the deep waters of Lynch’s river between bis column and the hot pursuers and avoided battle, although forced to take some punishment from Ma rlon’s sharpshooters at long range, and [i re pa red to retreat toward the British ices at Camden, on the Wateree. This spring campaign of 1781 put Marion upon his mettle not only as a planner and flghUr, but as a leader of men. The hot chase after Doyle, the despoiler of bis Island camp, had led him far to the north, and while thus engaged his vigilant scolU brought word that Watson, whom be had escorted to Georgetown on the Jump, had been re-enforced and was moving rapidly toward the Pedee to try the issue over again. There was still a third party in the field against Marion, and at that hour the swamp band was the only armed body of patrioU in South Carolina. Marion was anxious, if not perplexed. In a private in terview with bis faithful lieutenant, Major Horry, be gave voice to his tboughU and desired to know whether, in the evsnt of his being compelled to take to the moun tains, the officers and men of his band would share his fortunes and carry on the war. “00, and bring me their snswerl" be exclaimed to Horry. The answer wss soon returned and was a hearty "Aye, aye.” over which, says Horry’s chronicles, the “Swamp Pox” was “tiptoed” and declared, “I am satisfied, one of these parties shall soon feel ns.” Tradition says that tbs band was then drawn up in a circle and sworn with drawn swords to follow Msrion, to never yield to the British, and to fight nntil lib erty should be won. The pursuit of Doyle was again Uken up, and Marion crossed Lynch's river to attack him, but found that be had fled to Camden in a panic. Marion then turned to meet Watson, and by rapid marching struck his camp on the Pedee. Watson bad every advantage and Marion awaited attack. The partisans bad not two rounds of ammunition to a mao. In this crisis Marion’s scoots brought news that an American army under Gen. Greene was entering South Carolina from the north, and Light Horse Harry Lee was at hand with bis legion to co-operate with Marion. The bivouac of the partisans was astir in a twinkling, boats were hauled from their secret moorings and Lee’s horse men were ferried across the Pedee to Join forces with the swamp band. Watson also beard the news, and imitated Doyle in a hasty retreat, burning his stores and bag gage and sinking bis cannon in the swamps. Marion and Lee then marched against the British forts on the Santee, captured Porto Watson and Motto and ultimately the fort of Georgetown, breaking the hold of the British upon the river line of defenses and forcing them back toward Charleston. This was the beginning of the end, and Marion’s band fought on until South Caro- Una was reclaimed for liberty. OaotaaL. Kilmbb. i IN THE IRON BRIGADE THE HEROIC DEEDS OF THE TWENTY FOURTH MICHIGAN. It Wac Recruited la Tea Days, and After Being Snubbed by Veteran Command* Made a Record Second to No Other la the Army. (Copyright, 1891. by American Press Associa tion. Book rights reserved.] AME ia ioezor *m able. Yea. She never cases up o-a lota in her pitiless neg lect of the wights who are on the outside when boo- I on are passed around, likewise never moderates her eztravsgant • wards to tbs locky dogs who chance to bo on the inside. For instance, her richest laurels an for the men who held the "Bloody Angle"at Gettysburg, July 1,1863. They npelled Pickett’s charge. They held Cemetery Ridge. They fought with Hancock. They heat back nbellioa’a tide at "High Water Mark." Very good. Humh for tbeml Bat bow came they to be on Cemetery Ridge that lucky day and hour f Lee wanted that stretch of uplands as a vantage ground to buffet Meade. A. P. Hill’s corps dashed for It. The Confederates of Helb, Pettigrew and Pender struggled and died to aeise it on July 1. Why didn’t they take Itf Ask Reynolds. He ia dead, but his deeds talk. Ask Doubleday. Ask Wadsworth, also dead, but living in bis record. AaU gny haired Robinson. Ask the Iron Brigade. Yee; ask the Twenty-fourth Michigan men. who should know a little about it That regiment lost more men killed at Gettysburg than any other of the 400 Union regiments engaged there. It lost more killed and mortally moftnded there than any other Union regiment; more killed and wounded altogether, and more killed, wounded and captured than any other. The captured didn’t figure very heavy, by the way. The Confederate general, Ewell, tried to bag all of them that walked, at one stage of the fight, and commenting on his experience to the col onel commanding, Henry A. Morrow, after the latter had been wounded and made prisoner, he said that the Twenty-fourth Michigan was foolish in not surrendering before it was so badly cut up. "Gen. Ewell, the Twenty-fourth Michi gan. came here to fight, not to surrender," was the reply. The sound men who surrendered num bered 57; the sound men that stuck to the flag and carried it out for another day, 29. The killed and mortally wounded were 90 and the wounded in addition, 288. Gen. Ewell thought such fighting was foolhardy. That was because hla men faced it. The opposing generals bad different viewa Wadsworth, who commanded the division to which the Twenty-fourth belonged, said to its leader: "Col. Morrow, the only fault 1 find with you is that you fought too long. But God only knows what would have be come of the Army of the Potomac if you had not held your ground aa long os you did.” It will be idle, of course, to look any farther than Gettysburg to get a good ac count of the Twenty-fourth Michigan in the war, bat tack of every grand deed lies a cause, snd hock of Oak Ridge, Gettys burg, lie some important factors in the making of the history of that day. The regiment was raised with a hurrah in ten days, in Detroit and Wayne oounty, and an incident that led to ite formation gives a clew to its makeup. When Lin coln called fur 800,000 men in the summer of 1802 there was riot and talk of resist ance in Detroit. To reassert loyalty It was proposed to raise a regiment on the spot, and after some delay Governor Diair, yield ing it is said to bis wife’s solicitation, gave authority for a new regiment when there were several others in the state still short of men. The ranks were filled speedily by the best blood in the county, 848 of tbs men being Michigan born, 857 Americana boro in other states and 880 foreign born. Its colonel was a Virginian by birth and bad fought in Mexico. He was a Judge In the recorder’s court. The lieutenant colonel was sheriff, a man standing 0 feet 4 lucbn in bis boots. The regiment went direct to the Army of the Potomac, reached there after Autie tam and had Ita baptism of Mood at. FI ret Frederick*burg. Previoua to that fight the regiment* brigaded with it shunned ita oampa. They were the old, war worn, bat tle battered, victory winning Iron Brigade of the Pint Army corps. The Twenty fonrtb men were fresh faced, clean and polished, and their trousers were sky bine and Innocent of Virginia mud. The Iron Brigade wanted re-enforcement*, bat whan , the Michigan men marched oat on the parade for a greeting (ha brigadier gen i era), John Gibbon, kept a aullan allanoa. i There wasn't a cheer, a smile or • word of i welcome for the newcomers. "You're tor i fresh," said the Iron Brigade, i "And you’re stuck up," said the Michi gan boys. "We’ll show you." And they did. At Fredericksburg the , Iron Brigade took position under n k heavy artillery Ore and stayed its time out, . the Twenty-fourth with the rent. After the battle Gen. A. P. Hill. Stonewall’s best , man, asked of a Union general whatrcgi i ment of “blue breeches” it was that took , Its punishment from his batteries so gal i lantly that day. And after that the 1 wen [ ty fourth was no longer the butt of the brigade. Their mettle was good. The | Iron Brigade shook bands with them and . said they would do. I At the next crossing of the Rappaban j Book to attack Fredericksburg, April M, NO. 45. ÜBB, the Twenty-fourth and one of the old crack regiment* of the brigade were select ed to dislodge the enemy from bis rifle pits on the south bank of the river by poling across in pontoon boat* and storming (be works band to band. The deed was dene with a rush and with each Inspiring gal lantry that Impulsive old Wadsworth swsm his horse across and riding him np the bank all dripping, swung hi* cap cried out, “God bless the gallant Twenty fourth Michigan." This was the Chanoellorsvllle **»»»yig". the second after the Twenty-fourth Joined the army. The boys were rehearsing ad mirably for Gettysburg. The Iron Brigade answered Reynolds’ call (or infantry at Gettysburg and went In at double quick, fixing bayonets and loading their muskets on the ran. Over fiemlqary Ridge they dashed, into the woods, past Reynolds as be stood on a knoll pointing out the way. His words of com mand died on his lipa. A Confederate bri gade—Archer’s Tennesseans—was coming at full speed across Willoughby ran to seise the woods. The Iron Brigade swung into horseshoe shape and kept on, the Twenty fourth crossing the ran. In the end Archer’s brigade was cut In two and half captured, and the Iron Brigade rallied and formed and changed front, charging north on a new enemy. Sergt. Abel O. Peck, who took the regiment’s presenta tion banner out of Detroit, promising to bring it home or fall with it, was the first man killed in the regiment, and now to save dotting this record with figures the reader may count up the color guard heroes of that day. Big six foot Col. Lanlgan lost a leg, and the adjutant was wounded in this affair. The first 11ns of battle of the brigade after it changed front was attacked right and left and Col. Morrow told hie men to bold their fire. They did eo. but the enemy didn’t and down went another color bearer, Bellore, who received the flag from Peck, killed: acting major. Cape. Speed, killed, and other officers and many other men wounded. The Confederate Twenty-sixth North Carolina, the only regiment to dis pute the honors of the Twenty-fourth Michigan on that field, cut into Its line and it retired to form a new one. Then occurred the well known incident of the Confeder ates crying out in surprise at tbs way the Union boys fought: "Here arc those black fellows again I This ia no militia." The Twenty-fourth bad worn the polish from its shoes, belts and uniforms, and was quite as grimy though not eo ragged as the rest of the Iron Brigade and the Army of the Potomac. A second liue of battle was formed and the Twenty-fourth staid on it until a windrow of fallen marked its position. Overwhelmed it retired to a third line of battle. Here Private August Rarnest, who picked up the colors wheu Bellore fell, was killed. Col. Morrow handed the flag to "Tint COLOTRL MrSTJIOT CARRY THE COLORS WHILE I LIVE.” Color Corp. Andrew Wagner, the last of the color gunni, the others having bean abot down. Wagner planted the staff eer era! times under the colonel’s directions to rally the men, until he. too, was shot. Col. Morrow then took the staff into bis own hands, for there were none left of his chosen color ! nard to he.tr it. When Morrow formed this guard he called for volunteers who were “ironclad,” so that the bullets would roll off like hail from a root. Alaa, the bullets flying in McPherson’s woods on July 1 were not of that kind. A fourth line of (tattle found lesa than half of the Twenty-fourth coming to rally. Its major had lost an eye on the last Una and three lieutenants had been killed, and the complement of officers was fast thin ning out. Col. Morrow planted the flag with ids own bands, when Private William Kelley reached for them with the thrill ing protest, “The colonel of the Twenty fourth Michigan shall not carry the colors while 1 am alive." Urave Kelley fell dead before he could redeem his word and the flag passed into the bands of another private. During all of this bloody work around the colors soldiers were constantly volunteering to act ns color guard in place of the guards shot down, a post next In glory and In danger to that of color bearer. In that capacity Corp. Wil liam Ziegler was killed. Sergt. W. J. Nagle. Corp. Thomas Suggelt and Private Thomas Ballou were mortally wounded between the opening of the tight an<Uhe fifth Una of battle, which was formed Vk rail fence on Seminary Ridge near the seminary. About this time old John Burns, the veteran hero of Gettysburg, gravitating among tha men of the Iron Brigade to ward the hardest fighting and the best company, fell in with the Twenty-fourth and (ought with it until he had three bul lets in his person. Before the sixth Una of hauls oonld be formed CoL Morrow, still earning tha colors, was hit in the head. Ha turned tha command over to Capt. A. M. Edwards, and soon fall into the enemy’s hands. Tha flag was found by Copt. Edwards ia the hands of a msrs boy—unknown—who lay dead or dying sod hugging tbs staff to his bosom. Edwards waved tha banner sad rallied tbs remnants, and lad tha way slowly back to Cemetery Hill, where Han cock had time to form the line that was to save Gettysburg. Capt. Edwards found 99 to answer roll call out of 406 that enured tha fight that morning. The killed and mortally wound ed were 90; the total killed and wounded, 116; prisoners taken south, 17; prisoners paroled, including some wounded, H; offi cers killed, 8; wounded. 14; captured, I; remaining, L The color bearers killed were Peek. Bai lors, Ziegler, Earnest, Kelley and Un known; color guards mortally wounded, Nagle, Baggett sod Ballon. Tha Twenty-fourth was not permanently laid np (or repairs and pensions after Get tysburg. It charged with gallant Wads worth in tbs Wilderness, where ha tell, to sound its eulogies no more. It fought with Warren at Bpottsylvanla and fired 6,000 rounds ia tha “Bloody Angle.” It mus tered 190 men in front of Petersburg la Jane and took part la the assaults there. The deed of the regiment on tha field and la prison numbered, all told. Ml; tha killed and wounded, 889. To analyse Ite battle record farther would be superfluous, for this la not a natalngas of honuco but a simple bit of