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WAR WITH YAQUIS.
SERIOUS REVCI.T CF INDIANS IN MEXICO. rnquN Hiiyp I'rcn Vt«htinc for Tnrle liemlrccc f-inrc 1 7tt.*> - Mexico In to HI am r for 1 imurrri'tlnn- hnrnct liinu of the Picturesque Y.ujtii Country, The Insurrection of the Yaqnl tnd'aai proinlsel to give the Mexican govtTU n eh! another prolonged war. it bai Ivi'ii but two yean since the last up rising "f the Ifaquli was put down, aftei nearly fourteen year* of lighting, and tin' rebellion now on has nil iinli <at!oii< of preparedness. Contrary to itatvmeuti m ide that t c Yaqoli would tut molent the American residents In Si nora 'the Yaqul country—there have already been slain a number of Ameri can gold prospectors. Indeed, It ha* dovtloped that one of the causes of the Uprising was the fact that the gov ernmi at permitted Americans to coma Itito s.inora .■mil dig gold. The Taqnli Claim to hold the Sonora country by 1-ij.ht of occupation for centuries back BCKNK OF TIIK I'UKSKNT YAQUJ INDIAN ll'KlSl.v;. iiii'l by continuation of title by the King of Spain long before the Mexican government was thought of. When Me\i,o revolted and establish ed her Independence the Vaquls refused to recognize the new governnavnt and proclaimed their own independence and autonomy. Since then the effort to ob tain from them recognition of the authority and law Of Mexico has led to frequent collisions between them and the government troops; pitched battle* have been fought and though generally beaten by miperlor forces and fnivpil to retrcal for the time, they have never yet 1 n subdued. Already TAQUI INDIAN BUM.. in the Insurrection now on the Yaquii have routed forces of Mexican soldiers pent against them, and the government is mobilising a large army to pit against the wily warriors. The Va quls' method of Qghting Is one taught them by nature and experience. When beaten they retreat Into the almost In accessible fastnesses of the sierra Ma dras, whither the government troops dare not follow them, and there await tin 1 departure of the troops, when they n^uin descend and clear out the people who have established themselves on their lands. Though the population of the Yaqui country does not BXCfeed 15,000, the male portion combine to make a formidable foe, nnd tho Mexi can government anticipates a war of six months or more. Marjr «r the V. qn!«. The Indians Inhabit the valley of Bonora. They are good agriculturists when allowed to till their farms in peace, and their valley being rich and fertile bas tempte I covetous men with tittle regard for right to take advan tage of the peculiar features of tho Mexican laws In regard to taking up land and filing claims on the Yaqul holdings. These, of course, under st.inrtlnjr llttlo of law nmi ninvrd by ft sense of Injustice, have resisted the seizure, :uid tfOOpa have been called out to nforca Iks law—thai la, put tiu> Hew cl:tini:l ll t la possession of the Yaqui liiiul taken miilrr the l:i\v. The V.ic|iils h.ive stood together and made pood tight* after llielr fashion, nml when compelled to do so retired, only to return tram the iroupi were with drawn to take forcible possession of their own a^.iln. In former Insurrec tions they hail lint few firearms, lmt when the Bottom railroad to Qoajrmai VU built tliey fiiinisheil ii large pro portion of the laborer*, ami with tin 1 money earned Winchester rliles were porchased, With which they have lieen much more fortnklabl* aatagonlsti than before iiud nre more cutiseioiis of their own strength. if tinl wnr is continued until toe Taqula are pacified <>r esteTtnlnated illre dlMHter Is sure to befall that beau tiful State. The extermination of the Yaqnl Indiana simply meana the de ■tructiofl of the manual labor In So nora. The Taqoia are not only the best ami most trusted workers In Sonora, but they constitute the largest num! er of able workingmen in that State. Th<> Taqnll can In no way bo compared with thp Indians of the western part of i United States, except, perhaps, the I Cherokees and a few other tribes | known for their peacefulest and for their lov,. of application to agriculture, j Since the very lirst settle nt of So nora i.y the Spaniards the Yaquls have Inhabit d a small triangular territory situated In the delta of the Yaqul ttlver and extending from the Gulf to a place Inland called Buena Vista. A few Vaquls are settled as far up as Coniu rlfa, but the principal Ynqul country Ih as just stated further down the coast In this territory 11 it- Yaquli w.-i-.- found by the Spaniards, and their tradition is that here they have resided from Im memorial times. For centuries the Mexican government acknowledged the rlgui of the Vaquls to live in and to cultivate this territory and for cen turies the Yaquls remained peacefully at their work of cultivating the soil and as general laborers elsewhere. Within their territory the Yaquls have even now retained an independent gor ernment, with chiefs to decide accord ing to their laws and to mete out pun ish nt to the guilty, and so perfect has been their method of self-govern ment that the Mexican government has had no occasion to interfere. The Vaqul is by nature moral and Indus trious and no complaint cnu be made against him on that account, ah over Sonora there are found Vaquls in time of peace working In the fields and In the mines ami even as laborer! on the railroads. In the latter capacity they are more valued ami more trusted than any Mexicans, and we know of In stances where railroad agents have preferred Vaqui section bosses to those of other nationalities. Don't Want Land IMvi.l.d. As a laborer the Yaqul Is bard-work- Ing and faithful ami can always be re lied on, Hi> doea not shirk his work when liis foreman turns bis back and be does Dot shorten bit day's work by itlnued rlgarette ■moklng. Xo won der, therefore, that he Is highly valued for tho work be can and doea perform. As do many other laborers, be geta drunk when pay cornea on Saturday evening but be conflnei ins carousing tn the rancheiia In which be Urea and keeps his family and when Monday morning comes around every man Is n't his work. Tlie Yaqul country from Buena Vista to the gulf has always been held as common property by the Vaquti as a tribe and has never been portioned out to individuals as In other communities. Tho reason for this Is found lv the nature of the territory It ■elf. The fertility of the Yaqui delta depends entirely upon tln> overflow of the Yaqnl River. In times of heavy ralus the delta and adjacent river bot torn lands nre rorpred hr wfifw or maile moist by sub-Irrigation, while In <lry seasons tin 1 contrary Is the cause. As the territory Is large, each Individ ual Ya<]\il can always find n place suit able for cultivation for that particular season. Ne\t season he may hnve to find moisture and other conditions nec essary. Now It Is evident that If the laud were not held In common and If every Yaqui hail his own allotted pfcsee some would possess suitable hind for cultivation, while others would have dry lands, which would bo worthless unless properly Irrigated. Much of the present trouble with the Vai]uls arises from this Cad The Mexican govern ment wants the Ymiuls to divide their land so that every individual may pos sess his own plot. They Tokf to the Monntnln*. Colonel Martinez of the Mexican nrmy. In an Interview on the Yaijni In surrection, says: "The Indians have been restless for tome months past. They object to American prospectors Invading the mountains of their coun try In i|iiest of gold. We were expect ing an outbreak and were not unpre pared. If we can cut off the Indians before they reach their strongholds, our work will be easy enough, but once In the mountains, conquest of the In surgents will be a difficult problem. That was the trouble t'JJling the ten years' war which ended two years ago. and COBt Mexico much blood and trea sure. The Indiana retreated to the mountains, where they could not be pursued, and at every favorable oppor tunity swooped down upon the troops or assailed neighboring villages, mur dering and plundering. If the Indians do not surrender n war of extermina tion will ensue. It Is a pity, too, for General Dial had hopes the Indians would remain friendly, and become civ ilized. Not long ago he sent thirty school teachers Into their country to Instruct them and to establish schools und colleges. These may have been murdered for all that is known, ful some of them went into the outlying districts. So far as I can learn, the In dians are well armed. They have, in fact, been buying weapons ever since their leaders signed the treaty of peace, and I do not believe they ever hail any Idea of keeping the truce. The murder of their own chiefs who had accepted office under the Mexican government Indicates that they have grown desper ate and that the contest will be tierce." The tactics of the Taqnis are to attack suddenly and to ambush and Imme diately after the assault to run back into the mountains, where no one can follow them. After a Yaqui has fought for some time he suddenly be comes a peaceful Indian and leaves the territory In which the war rages. This happens when his ammunition is all spent; he must then provide himself with more. This he does by working In Arizona and New Mexico, as In these places lie call procure arms with his savings and return when he has enough. When he lias accumulated enough he returns by passing from Arizona through the Sierra Madre wil derness, where he is free from sol diers' bullets and from observing eyes, and when least expected he turns up fully equipped with munitions to carry on the war. The Yai|>il is not the blood thirsty beast that some re ports have made him out to be. lie la CAMP SCENE IN TUB TAgL'I COUNTBY. brnve, Industrious and peaceful; lie docs not torture his prisoners, hut neither does he allow them to escape. In 1807 peace was made with the Yn qtlU. Tlie government promised them a certain sum of money nnd they lv turn agreed to have their land survey ed and partitioned. Daring the last two years the Ynquls have quietly been working In the mines of Souora and Arizona and have saved their earnings In order to procure arms to renew th» war. Whatever will be the outcome of the war, It will be a most ruinous one for Bonora. If the Yakuts are exter minated, ns the reports tell us Is the in tention of General Torres, then the ef fect will MOB tie felt. It will mean the extermination of the manual labor In Bonora; it will mean the crippling of her wheat and mining Industries. The Mexican government could well have afforded to allow the Yaquls to remain In possession of their land, as their value as laborers Is many, many times greater than the price that can be real ized by selling their land. Sonora Is a country with Immense resources, with enormous tracts of fertile soil where Almost everything might be prnwn profitably. Such crops as wheat, sugar cane, beans, corn, oranges, dates, TAQUI raOV AMI KMI't.oVKK. peaches, apricots and many other fruits arc hardly surpassed anywhere. Firm I >nllv Wan Written. It has been discovered that wlmt ma? I>»> called tlie first daily iii'\vspa]>rr was a manuscript tetter written by salaried correspondents and forwarded liy tliem ! every twenty-four hours from London fo Ibe provinces. That was In the days : of the early Ktuarts. Imrlng the commonwealth these LoO* I don lettm were printed In type and cir culated In large numbers. Kven so j j long ago as HJSO the law of libel was j such as to be charaetcritized by Judge I Bcroggl as making any newspaper | publication Illegal am] tending to pro- i voUe a breach of the peace. Defoe, the author of "Robinson Cru sne," was one of the early Journalists, j j Ills paper being called the Heview. Then tlicro was Tutehln, whose week ly publication, the Observer, cost, ac cording to evidence he gave In a court of Justice, half a guinea to print, j though the typesetter eventually raised | his price to 20 shillings. The Observer bad a certified circulation of 266 copies. Afterward there came the Orantl, > Steele, Addlson and Johnson, who might have lived In the vicinity of j Qrnbb street, but were court favorites for all that. The. Times employed the first foreign correspondent In the person of Henry Crabb Robinson, and succeeded in "scooping" the government Its*»lf In the news of the battle of Waterloo.—Chi cago Chronicle. I'rlntlnK Without Ink. An Kmklls!i company has boon formed to print, without the use of Ink in nny form, liy simply l>rin«liiK tin' plate into contact with chemically dampened paper, linen, silk, wool, or other fabric and obtaining a good, clear Impression of any dealred densi ty. The operation Is as qnlck and more simple than letter press printing, nnil the work resembles in clearness and delicacy a copper-plate or Utbo engraring. Ordinary printer's type, blocks, form, stereotypes and electro types may be used as a printing snr face, and drawing*, etc., requiring several blocks of electros, lithographic \ work, or copperplate engraving can be done at a great saving. Original sketches, scrolls, or fancy lettering can be made upon the transparency, or traced through from drawn or printed sketches, the words being typed in their respective places, and, If printed on opaque paper, photographic replicas of any size can be made, while engrav ings can be reproduced direct from the artist's work. Any class of paper may be used, the sensitizing solution Is much cheaper than printing Ink, and the speed of the process is greatly lv Its favor.—Philadelphia Record. A \t eg in Si.l..i . Prosecuting attorney (Frozen Dog)— Your honor, the sheriff's bull pup has gone nud chawed up the court Bible. Judge— Well, make the witness kiss the bull pup, then! We can't adjourn court for a week just to hum up a new liible!-Puck. The Sin litest Dwarf. The smallest man who ever lived was the drawf Hebe, born in France la 1740. He was just •-'" Incttea high, ami S pounds In WtlgM wbt-u full grow*. COMFORT AND ECONOMY. tnrk lalalul Itnml Artnpt" » »m<iln-ro» • uiiirr for'ltiflr Ktigln*!. The Rock Ittand Railroad ha« rstab ilhed a pii oedcnt in the West bj >qnippin« their Mlglßai with smoke-con* 'umerH, uhich entirely do away with .he heavy volume of lilnck eranko •vhich is m rilMgrwabl* to pMaMfm I'liiM nparißMnl lias licen thoroughly ested during thi" p.i«t !>•« months, on tlit'ii Colorado Fivei, and lias proved SO be Biich a success that the Rook tilaad BM adopted it over its entire ■ - -ti'in. ami, an MM n* (iohhililh, all of :licit engines will lie e<]\li|.peil with ibll new device .in i iinniediately ba put liack into seiviie. This sinoki'lesH liring, us it i« poiper ly calli'.l, will lih valnahle to botli pH tron and the road. To tlia patron it loes away with the hlack, tooty nruoko :ind CindCfti thus nddii]|( miuh to the I'lr.i-iiii' of traveling'; aixl. to the road, it is v >a\ n.k! ill fuel aa well as making thi> appearance and equiment of the train up to date. The good results from tliia new equipment are anlirnit ■d and everything is favuralde and for llio best interests of all. To make this -mokeles* tiring :i gncress, two things <ue MOMMrjl the equipment of the engine with the proper apparatus necefl *ary to OOBraBM the hydrocarbon", tliiown oft fiom the coal, and the thorough training of engineer and lire man in the manner of filing and the bent methods of proceeding at all times in order to obtain the desired re sults. The manner of equipment is brielly as follows: In the fire box of the en i'\ne is built » hollow brisk aich. He low this and about a foot above the grates are boieil four holes in the sides if the tire box. In each of these, holes is iuaeited a Sharp's patent dcnVrting air tube, connecting with lie hollow an h. Through these tubes the out side ail is ilrftwn in and. after being heated, is allowed to mix with the un consumed gasmen or livdmcaibonH. Hy this mixing the |MM aro ttunsferre I into a peilect state of comliustioD nud in tbil itata they ate cousuiueil, and thoroughly dfspoMd of, tbu« prevent ing them ftOD bt'iug forced out into the air as ll the case today on nearly every railroad in the United States. AHsistant-Uenrral Manager W. I. Allen, and Superintendent of Motive lower G. T. Wilton, of the Roch Island, express themselves an more than pltatsd with the results of this new move on the part of the road. Author of "I>hvI(I llHriim" mihl * liil.lipii Cliililren, with bll own, Itld nil oth ers, he regarded with a tenderness in termixed with '!■■' awe that comet !"i n mi utter failure to comprehend. H« felt keenly the. mpODtibitity ol fatherhood, but also felt his bud stayed from tioiOTOnUIMI because til the injnstico of having caused their being. The death of his wife left him in a condition of helplessness until nil ■ilttl ;i — -11 si ••■ 1 tin* place of mother to three Kr()W'nK chihlren. Of the young est, Philip, lid once Mill, "The, dear child is as pertinaoiom an a t!y in hie InquiliWi 1 had no idea that a child could ask go many QUMtioni, and 1 in.'l it easier to settle municipal iff am niHii to gira an answer to euch queriec HI, 'Papti most 1 wear my ruhbers?' or, 'Papa, how many apples may I eat a day?' " In ipeaking again of Philip nt the :ij;e of it or 10, he says in a lettei, "On Sunday morning I get the imall ho; ilreseiul and set him on tiiestmi^ht and narrow path — nay, push him before, me down its dreary way to church eerv ice. " —Ainflee's for September. Pale as Death Mlsi Cordelia Mnorp, of Malone, N. V., until recently. i..,s l.ceu a life long him,- I tram palpitation of Uie l.i HI I Hi. ■! "iak;. .« of till- tlloud. I' ■• ■ • ii. ■ war* i •/. il over her rnae. tlielr Hii>»t hkilltul rflbrta w«r« baftlt-d. Vttrloiis rertifdU'H weretrled wlUimitavaii. Theprovertlal "charm of cllnmte" wan uilvima. kiut tlic oonstuut chHiito »nre upon her until, loqnute her mother h woriln, "ahe becnine a living ghost." Mita Moore caul: >'Cpoa advice of a friend I i*««n tnklna: Pr. Wllllama' Pink Pllli for Pule People and before the first box wan uwd I noticed a greatchange. 1 began tori-nalri my apjietlte and felt better generally. After finishing the first box 1 tixik six more. Tin* effect was wonderful I grew strong aiuf eainc-d In flwsh. "I never felt heiter In my life than Ido now 1 wei?h more than ever before and I cnnMi]er liivself rured " FrumOu (JiztUe, Alalune, .V. V Dr. wviiain" Pink Pills (or Pale People rrs neve- cold fey the dozen er hundred. but a> >.-.»• In packages. At ill druqgittt, cr direct from the Dr. Williams Medicine Co., Schenectadj, N. V., 63 centi per bgi, 6 bones $2.63.