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The Yakima herald. [volume] (North Yakima, W.T. [Wash.]) 1889-1914, September 14, 1899, Image 12

Image and text provided by Washington State Library; Olympia, WA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88085523/1899-09-14/ed-1/seq-12/

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rnquN Hiiyp I'rcn Vt«htinc for Tnrle
liemlrccc f-inrc 1 7tt.*> - Mexico In to
HI am r for 1 imurrri'tlnn- hnrnct liinu
of the Picturesque Y.ujtii Country,
The Insurrection of the Yaqnl tnd'aai
proinlsel to give the Mexican govtTU
n eh! another prolonged war. it bai
Ivi'ii but two yean since the last up
rising "f the Ifaquli was put down,
aftei nearly fourteen year* of lighting,
and tin' rebellion now on has nil iinli
<at!oii< of preparedness. Contrary to
itatvmeuti m ide that t c Yaqoli would
tut molent the American residents In
Si nora 'the Yaqul country—there have
already been slain a number of Ameri
can gold prospectors. Indeed, It ha*
dovtloped that one of the causes of the
Uprising was the fact that the gov
ernmi at permitted Americans to coma
Itito s.inora .■mil dig gold. The Taqnli
Claim to hold the Sonora country by
1-ij.ht of occupation for centuries back
iiii'l by continuation of title by the
King of Spain long before the Mexican
government was thought of.
When Me\i,o revolted and establish
ed her Independence the Vaquls refused
to recognize the new governnavnt and
proclaimed their own independence and
autonomy. Since then the effort to ob
tain from them recognition of the
authority and law Of Mexico has led
to frequent collisions between them
and the government troops; pitched
battle* have been fought and though
generally beaten by miperlor forces
and fnivpil to retrcal for the time, they
have never yet 1 n subdued. Already
in the Insurrection now on the Yaquii
have routed forces of Mexican soldiers
pent against them, and the government
is mobilising a large army to pit
against the wily warriors. The Va
quls' method of Qghting Is one taught
them by nature and experience. When
beaten they retreat Into the almost In
accessible fastnesses of the sierra Ma
dras, whither the government troops
dare not follow them, and there await
tin 1 departure of the troops, when they
n^uin descend and clear out the people
who have established themselves on
their lands. Though the population of
the Yaqui country does not BXCfeed
15,000, the male portion combine to
make a formidable foe, nnd tho Mexi
can government anticipates a war of
six months or more.
Marjr «r the V. qn!«.
The Indians Inhabit the valley of
Bonora. They are good agriculturists
when allowed to till their farms in
peace, and their valley being rich and
fertile bas tempte I covetous men with
tittle regard for right to take advan
tage of the peculiar features of tho
Mexican laws In regard to taking up
land and filing claims on the Yaqul
holdings. These, of course, under
st.inrtlnjr llttlo of law nmi ninvrd by ft
sense of Injustice, have resisted the
seizure, :uid tfOOpa have been called
out to nforca Iks law—thai la, put tiu>
Hew cl:tini:l ll t la possession of the
Yaqui liiiul taken miilrr the l:i\v. The
V.ic|iils h.ive stood together and made
pood tight* after llielr fashion, nml
when compelled to do so retired, only
to return tram the iroupi were with
drawn to take forcible possession of
their own a^.iln. In former Insurrec
tions they hail lint few firearms, lmt
when the Bottom railroad to Qoajrmai
VU built tliey fiiinisheil ii large pro
portion of the laborer*, ami with tin 1
money earned Winchester rliles were
porchased, With which they have lieen
much more fortnklabl* aatagonlsti
than before iiud nre more cutiseioiis of
their own strength.
if tinl wnr is continued until toe
Taqula are pacified <>r esteTtnlnated
illre dlMHter Is sure to befall that beau
tiful State. The extermination of the
Yaqnl Indiana simply meana the de
■tructiofl of the manual labor In So
nora. The Taqoia are not only the best
ami most trusted workers In Sonora,
but they constitute the largest num! er
of able workingmen in that State. Th<>
Taqnll can In no way bo compared
with thp Indians of the western part of
i United States, except, perhaps, the
I Cherokees and a few other tribes
| known for their peacefulest and for
their lov,. of application to agriculture,
j Since the very lirst settle nt of So
nora i.y the Spaniards the Yaquls have
Inhabit d a small triangular territory
situated In the delta of the Yaqul ttlver
and extending from the Gulf to a place
Inland called Buena Vista. A few
Vaquls are settled as far up as Coniu
rlfa, but the principal Ynqul country Ih
as just stated further down the coast
In this territory 11 it- Yaquli w.-i-.- found
by the Spaniards, and their tradition is
that here they have resided from Im
memorial times. For centuries the
Mexican government acknowledged
the rlgui of the Vaquls to live in and to
cultivate this territory and for cen
turies the Yaquls remained peacefully
at their work of cultivating the soil
and as general laborers elsewhere.
Within their territory the Yaquls have
even now retained an independent gor
ernment, with chiefs to decide accord
ing to their laws and to mete out pun
ish nt to the guilty, and so perfect
has been their method of self-govern
ment that the Mexican government
has had no occasion to interfere. The
Vaqul is by nature moral and Indus
trious and no complaint cnu be made
against him on that account, ah over
Sonora there are found Vaquls in time
of peace working In the fields and In
the mines ami even as laborer! on the
railroads. In the latter capacity they
are more valued ami more trusted than
any Mexicans, and we know of In
stances where railroad agents have
preferred Vaqui section bosses to those
of other nationalities.
Don't Want Land IMvi.l.d.
As a laborer the Yaqul Is bard-work-
Ing and faithful ami can always be re
lied on, Hi> doea not shirk his work
when liis foreman turns bis back and
be does Dot shorten bit day's work by
itlnued rlgarette ■moklng. Xo won
der, therefore, that he Is highly valued
for tho work be can and doea perform.
As do many other laborers, be geta
drunk when pay cornea on Saturday
evening but be conflnei ins carousing
tn the rancheiia In which be Urea and
keeps his family and when Monday
morning comes around every man Is n't
his work. Tlie Yaqul country from
Buena Vista to the gulf has always
been held as common property by the
Vaquti as a tribe and has never been
portioned out to individuals as In other
communities. Tho reason for this Is
found lv the nature of the territory It
■elf. The fertility of the Yaqui delta
depends entirely upon tln> overflow of
the Yaqnl River. In times of heavy
ralus the delta and adjacent river bot
torn lands nre rorpred hr wfifw or
maile moist by sub-Irrigation, while In
<lry seasons tin 1 contrary Is the cause.
As the territory Is large, each Individ
ual Ya<]\il can always find n place suit
able for cultivation for that particular
season. Ne\t season he may hnve to
find moisture and other conditions nec
essary. Now It Is evident that If the
laud were not held In common and If
every Yaqui hail his own allotted pfcsee
some would possess suitable hind for
cultivation, while others would have
dry lands, which would bo worthless
unless properly Irrigated. Much of the
present trouble with the Vai]uls arises
from this Cad The Mexican govern
ment wants the Ymiuls to divide their
land so that every individual may pos
sess his own plot.
They Tokf to the Monntnln*.
Colonel Martinez of the Mexican
nrmy. In an Interview on the Yaijni In
surrection, says: "The Indians have
been restless for tome months past.
They object to American prospectors
Invading the mountains of their coun
try In i|iiest of gold. We were expect
ing an outbreak and were not unpre
pared. If we can cut off the Indians
before they reach their strongholds,
our work will be easy enough, but once
In the mountains, conquest of the In
surgents will be a difficult problem.
That was the trouble t'JJling the ten
years' war which ended two years ago.
and COBt Mexico much blood and trea
sure. The Indiana retreated to the
mountains, where they could not be
pursued, and at every favorable oppor
tunity swooped down upon the troops
or assailed neighboring villages, mur
dering and plundering. If the Indians
do not surrender n war of extermina
tion will ensue. It Is a pity, too, for
General Dial had hopes the Indians
would remain friendly, and become civ
ilized. Not long ago he sent thirty
school teachers Into their country to
Instruct them and to establish schools
und colleges. These may have been
murdered for all that is known, ful
some of them went into the outlying
districts. So far as I can learn, the In
dians are well armed. They have, in
fact, been buying weapons ever since
their leaders signed the treaty of peace,
and I do not believe they ever hail any
Idea of keeping the truce. The murder
of their own chiefs who had accepted
office under the Mexican government
Indicates that they have grown desper
ate and that the contest will be tierce."
The tactics of the Taqnis are to attack
suddenly and to ambush and Imme
diately after the assault to run back
into the mountains, where no one can
follow them. After a Yaqui has
fought for some time he suddenly be
comes a peaceful Indian and leaves the
territory In which the war rages. This
happens when his ammunition is all
spent; he must then provide himself
with more. This he does by working
In Arizona and New Mexico, as In
these places lie call procure arms with
his savings and return when he has
enough. When he lias accumulated
enough he returns by passing from
Arizona through the Sierra Madre wil
derness, where he is free from sol
diers' bullets and from observing eyes,
and when least expected he turns up
fully equipped with munitions to
carry on the war. The Yai|>il is not
the blood thirsty beast that some re
ports have made him out to be. lie la
brnve, Industrious and peaceful; lie
docs not torture his prisoners, hut
neither does he allow them to escape.
In 1807 peace was made with the Yn
qtlU. Tlie government promised them
a certain sum of money nnd they lv
turn agreed to have their land survey
ed and partitioned. Daring the last
two years the Ynquls have quietly been
working In the mines of Souora and
Arizona and have saved their earnings
In order to procure arms to renew th»
war. Whatever will be the outcome of
the war, It will be a most ruinous one
for Bonora. If the Yakuts are exter
minated, ns the reports tell us Is the in
tention of General Torres, then the ef
fect will MOB tie felt. It will mean the
extermination of the manual labor In
Bonora; it will mean the crippling of
her wheat and mining Industries. The
Mexican government could well have
afforded to allow the Yaquls to remain
In possession of their land, as their
value as laborers Is many, many times
greater than the price that can be real
ized by selling their land. Sonora Is a
country with Immense resources, with
enormous tracts of fertile soil where
Almost everything might be prnwn
profitably. Such crops as wheat, sugar
cane, beans, corn, oranges, dates,
peaches, apricots and many other fruits
arc hardly surpassed anywhere.
Firm I >nllv Wan Written.
It has been discovered that wlmt ma?
I>»> called tlie first daily iii'\vspa]>rr was
a manuscript tetter written by salaried
correspondents and forwarded liy tliem
! every twenty-four hours from London
fo Ibe provinces. That was In the days :
of the early Ktuarts.
Imrlng the commonwealth these LoO*
I don lettm were printed In type and cir
culated In large numbers. Kven so j
j long ago as HJSO the law of libel was
j such as to be charaetcritized by Judge I
Bcroggl as making any newspaper
| publication Illegal am] tending to pro- i
voUe a breach of the peace.
Defoe, the author of "Robinson Cru
sne," was one of the early Journalists, j
j Ills paper being called the Heview.
Then tlicro was Tutehln, whose week
ly publication, the Observer, cost, ac
cording to evidence he gave In a court
of Justice, half a guinea to print,
j though the typesetter eventually raised
| his price to 20 shillings. The Observer
bad a certified circulation of 266 copies.
Afterward there came the Orantl,
> Steele, Addlson and Johnson, who
might have lived In the vicinity of
j Qrnbb street, but were court favorites
for all that.
The. Times employed the first foreign
correspondent In the person of Henry
Crabb Robinson, and succeeded in
"scooping" the government Its*»lf In the
news of the battle of Waterloo.—Chi
cago Chronicle.
I'rlntlnK Without Ink.
An Kmklls!i company has boon
formed to print, without the use of
Ink in nny form, liy simply l>rin«liiK
tin' plate into contact with chemically
dampened paper, linen, silk, wool, or
other fabric and obtaining a good,
clear Impression of any dealred densi
ty. The operation Is as qnlck and
more simple than letter press printing,
nnil the work resembles in clearness
and delicacy a copper-plate or Utbo
engraring. Ordinary printer's type,
blocks, form, stereotypes and electro
types may be used as a printing snr
face, and drawing*, etc., requiring
several blocks of electros, lithographic \
work, or copperplate engraving can be
done at a great saving. Original
sketches, scrolls, or fancy lettering can
be made upon the transparency, or
traced through from drawn or printed
sketches, the words being typed in
their respective places, and, If printed
on opaque paper, photographic replicas
of any size can be made, while engrav
ings can be reproduced direct from
the artist's work. Any class of paper
may be used, the sensitizing solution Is
much cheaper than printing Ink, and
the speed of the process is greatly lv
Its favor.—Philadelphia Record.
A \t eg in Si.l..i .
Prosecuting attorney (Frozen Dog)—
Your honor, the sheriff's bull pup has
gone nud chawed up the court Bible.
Judge— Well, make the witness kiss
the bull pup, then! We can't adjourn
court for a week just to hum up a new
The Sin litest Dwarf.
The smallest man who ever lived was
the drawf Hebe, born in France la
1740. He was just •-'" Incttea high, ami
S pounds In WtlgM wbt-u full grow*.
tnrk lalalul Itnml Artnpt" » »m<iln-ro»
• uiiirr for'ltiflr Ktigln*!.
The Rock Ittand Railroad ha« rstab
ilhed a pii oedcnt in the West bj
>qnippin« their Mlglßai with smoke-con*
'umerH, uhich entirely do away with
.he heavy volume of lilnck eranko
•vhich is m rilMgrwabl* to pMaMfm
I'liiM nparißMnl lias licen thoroughly
ested during thi" p.i«t !>•« months, on
tlit'ii Colorado Fivei, and lias proved
SO be Biich a success that the Rook
tilaad BM adopted it over its entire
■ - -ti'in. ami, an MM n* (iohhililh, all of
:licit engines will lie e<]\li|.peil with
ibll new device .in i iinniediately ba
put liack into seiviie.
This sinoki'lesH liring, us it i« poiper
ly calli'.l, will lih valnahle to botli pH
tron and the road. To tlia patron it
loes away with the hlack, tooty nruoko
:ind CindCfti thus nddii]|( miuh to the
I'lr.i-iiii' of traveling'; aixl. to the road,
it is v >a\ n.k! ill fuel aa well as making
thi> appearance and equiment of the
train up to date. The good results
from tliia new equipment are anlirnit
■d and everything is favuralde and for
llio best interests of all. To make this
-mokeles* tiring :i gncress, two things
<ue MOMMrjl the equipment of the
engine with the proper apparatus necefl
*ary to OOBraBM the hydrocarbon",
tliiown oft fiom the coal, and the
thorough training of engineer and lire
man in the manner of filing and the
bent methods of proceeding at all
times in order to obtain the desired re
The manner of equipment is brielly
as follows: In the fire box of the en
i'\ne is built » hollow brisk aich. He
low this and about a foot above the
grates are boieil four holes in the sides
if the tire box. In each of these, holes
is iuaeited a Sharp's patent dcnVrting
air tube, connecting with lie hollow
an h. Through these tubes the out
side ail is ilrftwn in and. after being
heated, is allowed to mix with the un
consumed gasmen or livdmcaibonH. Hy
this mixing the |MM aro ttunsferre I
into a peilect state of comliustioD nud
in tbil itata they ate cousuiueil, and
thoroughly dfspoMd of, tbu« prevent
ing them ftOD bt'iug forced out into
the air as ll the case today on nearly
every railroad in the United States.
AHsistant-Uenrral Manager W. I.
Allen, and Superintendent of Motive
lower G. T. Wilton, of the Roch
Island, express themselves an more
than pltatsd with the results of this
new move on the part of the road.
Author of "I>hvI(I llHriim" mihl * liil.lipii
Cliililren, with bll own, Itld nil oth
ers, he regarded with a tenderness in
termixed with '!■■' awe that comet
!"i n mi utter failure to comprehend.
H« felt keenly the. mpODtibitity ol
fatherhood, but also felt his bud
stayed from tioiOTOnUIMI because til
the injnstico of having caused their
being. The death of his wife left him
in a condition of helplessness until nil
■ilttl ;i — -11 si ••■ 1 tin* place of mother to
three Kr()W'nK chihlren. Of the young
est, Philip, lid once Mill, "The, dear
child is as pertinaoiom an a t!y in hie
InquiliWi 1 had no idea that a child
could ask go many QUMtioni, and 1
in.'l it easier to settle municipal iff am
niHii to gira an answer to euch queriec
HI, 'Papti most 1 wear my ruhbers?'
or, 'Papa, how many apples may I eat
a day?' "
In ipeaking again of Philip nt the
:ij;e of it or 10, he says in a lettei, "On
Sunday morning I get the imall ho;
ilreseiul and set him on tiiestmi^ht and
narrow path — nay, push him before, me
down its dreary way to church eerv
ice. " —Ainflee's for September.
Mlsi Cordelia Mnorp, of Malone,
N. V., until recently. i..,s l.ceu a life
long him,- I tram palpitation of Uie
l.i HI I Hi. ■! "iak;. .« of till- tlloud.
I' ■• ■ • ii. ■ war* i •/. il over her
rnae. tlielr Hii>»t hkilltul rflbrta w«r«
baftlt-d. Vttrloiis rertifdU'H weretrled
wlUimitavaii. Theprovertlal "charm
of cllnmte" wan uilvima. kiut tlic
oonstuut chHiito »nre upon her
until, loqnute her mother h woriln,
"ahe becnine a living ghost." Mita
Moore caul: >'Cpoa advice of a
friend I i*««n tnklna: Pr. Wllllama'
Pink Pllli for Pule People and before
the first box wan uwd I noticed a
greatchange. 1 began tori-nalri my
apjietlte and felt better generally.
After finishing the first box 1 tixik
six more. Tin* effect was wonderful
I grew strong aiuf eainc-d In flwsh.
"I never felt heiter In my life than
Ido now 1 wei?h more than ever
before and I cnnMi]er liivself rured "
FrumOu (JiztUe, Alalune, .V. V
Dr. wviiain" Pink Pills (or Pale People
rrs neve- cold fey the dozen er hundred.
but a> >.-.»• In packages. At ill druqgittt,
cr direct from the Dr. Williams Medicine
Co., Schenectadj, N. V., 63 centi per bgi,
6 bones $2.63.

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