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The Yakima Raid
■ And The Coal i Famine, LUTE PEASE In the Pacific Monthly Give*. Qraphlc Account of this Interesting Event I n North Yakima's His tory. I. B. Turnell was a refreshing exception. A big, tall, two-fisted American, very square of Jaw, very wide between the eyes, and very wide across the shoulders, he looks you in the face with a jolly smile, and gives you his views evidently without reservation because of man, God or the devil. The son of pio neers of Wisconsin —that state of La Follette and railway legislation —he became a brakeman in his youth. Having been slightly crip pled in an accident, he studied tele graphy, and thereafter continued in the transportation service as station agent and telegraph operator. At one time he managed a railway roal mine in Illinois. They were succeeding beyond their expectations when the coal shortage began to threaten them with ruin. Having invested their all, they did not secure a large stock of coal ln advance of the famine, not dream ing of being unable to get what they wanted as needed. Using from one to one and a half tons a day, when coal arrived in single carloads and consumers had to wait all day in line, only to get sometimes not more than 500 pound portions, the Tur nells became anxious. To be with- I. B. TURNELL, The Man "Who Would Have Coal." cut coal meant to be without guesis, and without the latter, no means to pay rent or help. Finally, when but a day's supply remained at his shed, Turnell visit ed Freight Agent Meeks, of the rail way company, and Agent Hessey, of the coal company. They could offer him no other consolation than to say that the Northern Pacific was do ing the best it could. Thereupon Mr. Turnell took a look around the yards and saw a carload of engine coal resting quietly upon a siding. He hurried over to the drayage com pany and said: "I want a couple of your best teams to haul coal from a car I have out here." Before being discovered by Agent Meeks he had secured two full loads. Seeing Mr. Turnell thus engaged, other teams cvrowded up: "That your coal?" asked the driv ers. "Looks like It —doesn't It?" re turned the facetloug hotel man. "Sell us some?" "Not a pound." "How can we get some?" "By doing as I am doing." Thereupon, as Turneli's teams drove away, the other- started to help themselves; but by this time' Agent Meeks had been warned an-l he stopped them with re-olute lan guage. However, that afternoon four carg of commercial coal were set off on the siding, and tj.e town ■ rejoiced. "I have always found." said M Turnell, "that when you can t e«* attention by talking soft, talk ha . or do aomething to make the o; .« fellow mad. and he'll begin to take notice." Securing his weight slips from the scales Turnell went over to the Northwestern Improvement com pany's office and paid the surprised agent for the coal he had taken. That happened December 14th. Thereafter, until the holidays, a fair supply of coal was furnished Yaki ma; then the company shut down on the shipments. On January 3d ths hotel man again found himself ln desperate straits. Again he found it impossible to buy coal; again he raided a car of railway coal. He had secured one big dray load, and was rapidly getting another, while other teams gathered anxiously around. Suddenly Agent Meeks appeared. "What are you doing?" he de manded. "Shoveling coal," replied Turnell, pausing to wipe his brow. "You're stealing it; stop or I'll have you in Jail." "Go ahead and get your warrant; I'll go to jail," returned Turnell, re suming work. "Stop," shouted the resolute Meeks, now addresing the drayman, "or I'll have you prosecuted." In dismay the drayman dropped his shovel. "Now put back what you have on your wagon." The drayman hesitated. "Drive off," ordered Turnell, "I've, got enough, anyway.' "Don't you dare to do so,' 'cried Meeks. Again the drayman hesitat ed. Thereupon the lawless and square-jawed Mr. Turnell jumped upon the box and drove the team away to the scales himself. The fol lowing Sunday morning, rising very early, he discovered that the com pany was about to set a car of com mercial coal upon the siding. With out waiting for a line to form, or the agent of the coal company to arrive, he helped himself to six drayloads. "What!" cried Mr. Hessey, when Mr. Turnell tendered payment, "you got away with six loads when there's hundreds waiting their turn at it? Do you what I think of you— you're a hog—that's what you are." Mr. Turnell smiled. "Perhaps you don't care what I •hink of you," persisted tbe indig- I nant agent. "Young man," retorted Turnell, I "be calm—l wanted coal." After j wards he remarked, "If other peo j pie were willing to be put off and ( be doled out to until they were ruln ied or frozen, I was not. I know I there has been no legitimate excuse I for ;he coal shortage and car short age everywaere. I believe that greed aud nii*n - j* *gement from headquar ters back *"^te''' and New York s^<t- Every sub- Hill- mini ma i. i, lgß ce _ er> ■ M, ed i»to hem u.:-.ii it _ju become 1 kime to I run a train of less size than will ab sorb every ounce of the engine's ' power. Consequently there has been ; nothing but trouble and delay, and ! cars take three or four times the i number of days to make hauls that : used to be required for the same ; trips." In which statement Mr. Tur nell repeated in effect what the In- I terstate commerce commission has reported. It was the day following Mr. Tur nell's last "raid" that the committee of citizens visited the mayor, and tho warning telegram was sent to the Northern Paciflc headquarters at Tacoma. Next day the crowd of drays be gan to assemble about the railway yards before daybreak. Noon came and no reply had yet been received from Vice President Levy. All day the crowd increased. Far mers and orchardlsts from many miles out of town foregathered with townspeople, stamping their chilled feet, rubbing achir.-, ears, swapping stories of hardships suffered at their homes, or exchanging comments. "That man Turnell's been get-In-*; coal," some one remarked. "We ought to have as much gall as he has." Lined Up At'the Cars After Coal. Shortly after 2 o'clock a freight I pulled ln from the west and shunted a couple of coal-laden cars upon the coal company's siding. "Look at that!" cried the crowd, "there's only a sackful apiece for us." But the teams peacefully lined up for loads, and Coal Agent Hessey had just set about its distribution, when the shout went out: "There's a coal train up th. track!" Scores of wagons Immediately rac ed for it, but as the train proved to be a long one, there was room for all. Every dray, express and lumber wag on In town was pressed Into service, while men and women ran from one teamster to another to engage the hauling of small portions of the pre j scious loot. Te engineer and fireman had un coupled the engine from the trail and run it down to the station while they went to lunch, so the rapidly In creasing crowd was making the coal fly almost before the railway people were aware. Says the Yakima Her ald: • Gatherl ng Coal. "Hundreds of men and boys, wo men and a few girls, sailed into the piles that were thrown off onto the ground and filled boxes, baskets, sacks and even lard pails and hand kerchiefs, but all women who came were helped until they had all they i could carry. "Comparatively a small showing was made ln the quantity taken, how ever, when the engine backed down, coupled on and started the train j southward. Wagons were quickly driven across the track and ths crowd gathered ' *"'ug, pleading, j warning and t: ■ ig the engin eer, and trying *iiro to set the | coal cars in c -r siding. He j refused, and ■ I slowly down the track, Intending to pull out at a rapid gait as soon as the siding was cleared." "Dump the cars!" shouted a man. Some say it was Turnell, but I could not definitely learn who struck off j the patent dumping control of the first car. When the train began to; move most of the crowd scattered, j but a considerable number remain- j ed on the cars. These quickly freed j the adjustable bottoms of ten of the, cars, and the coal poured down upon the track and along the sides. The! train stalled directly opposite the station. A quarter mile ot track was littered deep with coal and the people gathered about it like flies along a streak of honey. The engineer managed to get away then with about half his train, pull ing it down the track to another sid ing. But in a few minutes another raid had started, and much coal, was taken before the harrassed engineer again got under way and took his train further on still to Yakima City. The spirit of loot was rampant, and Yakima City swarmed out like a hlvo of bees. Here at last the railway i people took charge of the cars, and sold coal to all who came. Meanwhile another coal train had pulled to the yards shortly after the first had been stalled at the station. It, too, was raided with a whoop!' and eleven more cars were dumped up on the track. The news had spread all over town and the people "come a-runnlng." Business men and laborers, rich and poor, young and old, labored with quite enthusiasm and thorough good nature. Some people were in a pan ic lest the hundreds of tons would be gone before they* could get a share. One man was seen to remove his overalls, tie a cord about eacn lower extremity, then filling the im provised sack to the waistband, hurry home joyfully with the load. Early In the raid a quick-witted railway employe turned in a fire alarm, and the Yakima department dashed out across the tracks. Scarce one of the busy looters looked up from his work, however, and the ruse was without effect. At last, after dark, the authorities took charge, and thence on coal was weighed and accounted for. That night saw cheer In every Yakima home and farm house round about. Next day many more cars came ln, ■ and, ever since, Yakima is said to I have enjoyed the distinction of hav ing more coal per capita than any other town away from the mine,, ln the northwest. "If you can't get attention by talking soft," says Mr. Turnell, "talk hard or do something, and they'll j take notice." The New Pure Food and Drag Law. We are pleased to announce tbat, Foley's Honey and Tar for coughs, colds and lung troubles Is not af-; f«rted by the National Pure Food and Drug law as it contains no opi ates or other harmful drugs, and we recommend it as a 6afe remedy for eWldren and adults. North Yakima drug store, A. D. Sloan, Prop. I EVOLUTION Dr. Ganvllle Lowther. About 50 years ago Charles Dar- Iwln, the world's greatest naturalist ; and Herbert Spencer, the world's ' greatest philosopher, announced ! their belief In the theory of evolu jtlon as an explanation of the order of the universe. It startled chrls tlans and was opposed with a logic learning, eloquence and wit per haps unequaled by any discussions of the past. It was an age when the rack, the gibbet, the cross and any other form of physical punish ment for opinion's sake had passed away, and the appeal was made to reason. After fifty years of the most careful scrutiny, the severest crit icisms, the most eloquent and learn ed discussions, by the best scholars on both sides, it has won Its way intc literature, college text books, lec tures, -sermons and the thought of the masses, so that but few who lay Just claim to scholarship deny the truth of its claims and the effort now is to harmonize the facts of na | ture and the experiences of life with j its teachings. The evolutionists 1 themselves are not agreed as to their i theories. It is true of them as diaries Darwin taught of the strug i gles of the various forms of life on j the earth for existence, "The strug i gle is greatest among the individ uals of the same kind; because they subsisting on the same food and liv ing under the same conditions, come ilnto more direct contact and there fore direct conflict, with each other for the same things." This is true of the various denominations of the I Christian church. It has been ob | served in a majority of cases where there is in any city or country a sharp competition or rivalry between denominations of Christians, that I those most alike were the greatest rivals. So it has been with the ad Jvocates of evolution. They have dl jvided into three schools of thought iviz: Atheistic, who eliminated God | from the idea of the universe, Deis tic, who believe in God, believe that He created all things and that evo lution was His mode of operation but believe that after calling the primary substances Into being, and placing them under certain laws, He left them to work out their destiny without interference of guidance; Thelstlc, who believe in God, be lieve that all material things are expressions of His life, energy and thought, that He is In them and clothes Himself with them and that their movements under what we call natural law are His modes of oper ation. It is this theory of evolu tion that we will in a series of ar ticles discuss. We do not care to discuss the Atheistic nor the Dels tic, but to set forth the arguments that are generally relied on for he support of evolution in general and then for Theistic evolution. I The arguments used for the sup port of evolution are from the var ious branches of science. They come from the generally accepted facts classified under the general heads of biology, geology, , embryology, eoology, astronomy, physiology, an thropology, bibliology, history and sociology. The principal laws In operation jare (1) all life struggles for expres sion. (2) There is In all forms of I life a struggle for existence. (3) In the struggle for existence there will be the survival of the fittest; in other words, the survival of the best 'adapted to Its environments. (..) In the survival of the fitest, the sur vlval of the unfit Is Impossible. This occurs because there is not room or food for all that comes Into being and only that which ls best adapted Ito the conditions of life can live (5) The above facts are responsible for what we call nature's law of selection and rejection. (6) In all the individuals of any species there is a tendency to variation. This var iation is often in size as in case where one Is better fed than anoth er. It may be in color, as is some times seen the nature of the food Is changed. It Is seen ln the thick ness of the skin or the color of the hair as a result of climate. There are also changes of texture .chemi cal changes in blood, sap and juices of the body on account of soil, water and the mental states of animals These and other facts, It is argued make evolution possible. Tbe ques tion then arises, is it probable? In the answer to this question may be found the evidences from nature as seen ln the various fields of invest! gat ion. in the phenomena of the un Iverse. The first that we shall pre sent is from BIOLOGY. We can only give a summary, or brief of the arguments that have taken volumes to amplify; but as we read and understand them they are as follows: Biology teachea that the many forms of life have primarily one substance. This sub stance is called protein. It is com posed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen. This when united with a large -proportion of water forms the chief constituent of the substance known as protoplasm, which Is the physical basis of all forms of life. It is not life, but It is the primary forfn in which all life is clothed. This life Is constantly changing on account of a process of organization of material particles with which It clothes Itself, and the disintegration of particles by which it tends to death. One is the build ing up process and the other the tearing down process, both of which are continually going on. Every particle of food builds fiber or tis sue, and every movement tears them down. If the reconstructive process ts more rapid than the destructive process, there is growth. If it is less, there is decline. In youth the reconstructive proees is greater; In age it is less. Therefore the tenden cy of all living matter is toward cy. eli-changes. All living matter pro ceeds from pre-existent living mat ter. A portion of the old being de tached and the new taking on the form of the old, with certain modi fications. These modifications are from numerous causes. some of which have already been named, viz, quantity and quality of food, cli mate, soil, water, mental states of animal life and many other condi tions classified mainly under the laws of heredity and environment. It is therefore the belief of the biologist that the many forms of life had originally one form, viz protoplasm, and that the tendency has been. Is now and ever will be toward higher and still higher forms. In another article I will give the arguments from other branches of science, no one of which would be regarded of itself as -sufficient proof; but when they are all taken togeth er form an argument that ls almost Irresistable. "Thus salth the Lord. Make this valley full of ditches .. .. Te shall not see rain; yet that valley shall be tilled with water." 11. Kings. 111., IS-17. WHAT IHRIC.ATIOj**. DOBS. Reclaims arid wastes. Produces perfect fruit. Causes the desert to bloom. Makes a prosperous country. Lessens the dangers of floods. Insures full crone every sea son. Yields large returns to invest ors. Makes the farmer Independent of rainfall. Multiplies the productive capa city of the soil- Adds constantly to the securi ty of Investments. Creates wealth from water; sunshine and soil. Utilises the virgin soil of the mountain regions. Affords a sura foundation tor the creation <of wealth. Makes farmlna* profitable In waste places and forever fore stalls the (host of drouth. Makes tbe production of tue choicest fruits possible, and pro. longs the harvest periods of va rious crops If so desired. Irapro. s land at each sub mergence, and rnnsetinently drea not wear out the soil; produces support of dense population. Improves the quality and .n --cr.ai.es fully one-eighth and oft entimes one-fourth the else of fruits, vegetables nnd grains. Makes the farmer happy by knowlr.tr that he has always at hand the means nf readily and chf-aHy supplying all the water n.f-rt.d- nr his soil and gmwlnr crops, lust when and In such iv .ntltles as ar* needed.