The Yakima Raid
And The Coal
LUTE PEASE In the
Pacific Monthly Give*.
Qraphlc Account of this
Interesting Event I n
North Yakima's His
I. B. Turnell was a refreshing
exception. A big, tall, two-fisted
American, very square of Jaw, very
wide between the eyes, and very
wide across the shoulders, he looks
you in the face with a jolly smile,
and gives you his views evidently
without reservation because of man,
God or the devil. The son of pio
neers of Wisconsin —that state of
La Follette and railway legislation
—he became a brakeman in his
youth. Having been slightly crip
pled in an accident, he studied tele
graphy, and thereafter continued in
the transportation service as station
agent and telegraph operator. At
one time he managed a railway roal
mine in Illinois.
They were succeeding beyond their
expectations when the coal shortage
began to threaten them with ruin.
Having invested their all, they did
not secure a large stock of coal ln
advance of the famine, not dream
ing of being unable to get what they
wanted as needed. Using from one
to one and a half tons a day, when
coal arrived in single carloads and
consumers had to wait all day in
line, only to get sometimes not more
than 500 pound portions, the Tur
nells became anxious. To be with-
I. B. TURNELL,
The Man "Who Would Have Coal."
cut coal meant to be without guesis,
and without the latter, no means to
pay rent or help.
Finally, when but a day's supply
remained at his shed, Turnell visit
ed Freight Agent Meeks, of the rail
way company, and Agent Hessey, of
the coal company. They could offer
him no other consolation than to
say that the Northern Pacific was do
ing the best it could. Thereupon Mr.
Turnell took a look around the yards
and saw a carload of engine coal
resting quietly upon a siding. He
hurried over to the drayage com
pany and said:
"I want a couple of your best
teams to haul coal from a car I have
Before being discovered by Agent
Meeks he had secured two full loads.
Seeing Mr. Turnell thus engaged,
other teams cvrowded up:
"That your coal?" asked the driv
"Looks like It —doesn't It?" re
turned the facetloug hotel man.
"Sell us some?"
"Not a pound."
"How can we get some?"
"By doing as I am doing."
Thereupon, as Turneli's teams
drove away, the other- started to
help themselves; but by this time'
Agent Meeks had been warned an-l
he stopped them with re-olute lan
guage. However, that afternoon
four carg of commercial coal were
set off on the siding, and tj.e town ■
"I have always found." said M
Turnell, "that when you can t e«*
attention by talking soft, talk ha .
or do aomething to make the o; .«
fellow mad. and he'll begin to take
Securing his weight slips from the
scales Turnell went over to the
Northwestern Improvement com
pany's office and paid the surprised
agent for the coal he had taken.
That happened December 14th.
Thereafter, until the holidays, a fair
supply of coal was furnished Yaki
ma; then the company shut down on
the shipments. On January 3d ths
hotel man again found himself ln
desperate straits. Again he found
it impossible to buy coal; again he
raided a car of railway coal. He had
secured one big dray load, and was
rapidly getting another, while other
teams gathered anxiously around.
Suddenly Agent Meeks appeared.
"What are you doing?" he de
"Shoveling coal," replied Turnell,
pausing to wipe his brow.
"You're stealing it; stop or I'll
have you in Jail."
"Go ahead and get your warrant;
I'll go to jail," returned Turnell, re
"Stop," shouted the resolute
Meeks, now addresing the drayman,
"or I'll have you prosecuted."
In dismay the drayman dropped
"Now put back what you have on
The drayman hesitated.
"Drive off," ordered Turnell, "I've,
got enough, anyway.'
"Don't you dare to do so,' 'cried
Meeks. Again the drayman hesitat
ed. Thereupon the lawless and
square-jawed Mr. Turnell jumped
upon the box and drove the team
away to the scales himself. The fol
lowing Sunday morning, rising very
early, he discovered that the com
pany was about to set a car of com
mercial coal upon the siding. With
out waiting for a line to form, or the
agent of the coal company to arrive,
he helped himself to six drayloads.
"What!" cried Mr. Hessey, when
Mr. Turnell tendered payment, "you
got away with six loads when there's
hundreds waiting their turn at it?
Do you what I think of you—
you're a hog—that's what you are."
Mr. Turnell smiled.
"Perhaps you don't care what I
•hink of you," persisted tbe indig-
I nant agent.
"Young man," retorted Turnell,
I "be calm—l wanted coal." After
j wards he remarked, "If other peo
j pie were willing to be put off and
( be doled out to until they were ruln
ied or frozen, I was not. I know
I there has been no legitimate excuse
I for ;he coal shortage and car short
age everywaere. I believe that greed
aud nii*n - j* *gement from headquar
ters back *"^te''' and New York
s^<t- Every sub-
ma i. i, lgß ce _ er> ■ M, ed i»to
hem u.:-.ii it _ju become 1 kime to
I run a train of less size than will ab
sorb every ounce of the engine's
' power. Consequently there has been
; nothing but trouble and delay, and
! cars take three or four times the
i number of days to make hauls that
: used to be required for the same
; trips." In which statement Mr. Tur
nell repeated in effect what the In-
I terstate commerce commission has
It was the day following Mr. Tur
nell's last "raid" that the committee
of citizens visited the mayor, and tho
warning telegram was sent to the
Northern Paciflc headquarters at
Next day the crowd of drays be
gan to assemble about the railway
yards before daybreak. Noon came
and no reply had yet been received
from Vice President Levy.
All day the crowd increased. Far
mers and orchardlsts from many
miles out of town foregathered with
townspeople, stamping their chilled
feet, rubbing achir.-, ears, swapping
stories of hardships suffered at their
homes, or exchanging comments.
"That man Turnell's been get-In-*;
coal," some one remarked. "We
ought to have as much gall as he
Lined Up At'the Cars After Coal.
Shortly after 2 o'clock a freight
I pulled ln from the west and shunted
a couple of coal-laden cars upon the
coal company's siding.
"Look at that!" cried the crowd,
"there's only a sackful apiece for
But the teams peacefully lined up
for loads, and Coal Agent Hessey
had just set about its distribution,
when the shout went out:
"There's a coal train up th.
Scores of wagons Immediately rac
ed for it, but as the train proved to
be a long one, there was room for all.
Every dray, express and lumber wag
on In town was pressed Into service,
while men and women ran from one
teamster to another to engage the
hauling of small portions of the pre
j scious loot.
Te engineer and fireman had un
coupled the engine from the trail
and run it down to the station while
they went to lunch, so the rapidly In
creasing crowd was making the coal
fly almost before the railway people
were aware. Says the Yakima Her
• Gatherl ng Coal.
"Hundreds of men and boys, wo
men and a few girls, sailed into the
piles that were thrown off onto the
ground and filled boxes, baskets,
sacks and even lard pails and hand
kerchiefs, but all women who came
were helped until they had all they
i could carry.
"Comparatively a small showing
was made ln the quantity taken, how
ever, when the engine backed down,
coupled on and started the train
j southward. Wagons were quickly
driven across the track and ths
crowd gathered ' *"'ug, pleading,
j warning and t: ■ ig the engin
eer, and trying *iiro to set the
| coal cars in c -r siding. He
j refused, and ■ I slowly down
the track, Intending to pull out at
a rapid gait as soon as the siding
"Dump the cars!" shouted a man.
Some say it was Turnell, but I could
not definitely learn who struck off j
the patent dumping control of the
first car. When the train began to;
move most of the crowd scattered, j
but a considerable number remain- j
ed on the cars. These quickly freed j
the adjustable bottoms of ten of the,
cars, and the coal poured down upon
the track and along the sides. The!
train stalled directly opposite the
station. A quarter mile ot track
was littered deep with coal and the
people gathered about it like flies
along a streak of honey.
The engineer managed to get away
then with about half his train, pull
ing it down the track to another sid
ing. But in a few minutes another
raid had started, and much coal, was
taken before the harrassed engineer
again got under way and took his
train further on still to Yakima City.
The spirit of loot was rampant, and
Yakima City swarmed out like a hlvo
of bees. Here at last the railway
i people took charge of the cars, and
sold coal to all who came.
Meanwhile another coal train had
pulled to the yards shortly after the
first had been stalled at the station.
It, too, was raided with a whoop!' and
eleven more cars were dumped up
on the track.
The news had spread all over town
and the people "come a-runnlng."
Business men and laborers, rich and
poor, young and old, labored with
quite enthusiasm and thorough good
nature. Some people were in a pan
ic lest the hundreds of tons would
be gone before they* could get a
share. One man was seen to remove
his overalls, tie a cord about eacn
lower extremity, then filling the im
provised sack to the waistband, hurry
home joyfully with the load.
Early In the raid a quick-witted
railway employe turned in a fire
alarm, and the Yakima department
dashed out across the tracks. Scarce
one of the busy looters looked up
from his work, however, and the ruse
was without effect. At last, after
dark, the authorities took charge,
and thence on coal was weighed and
accounted for. That night saw cheer
In every Yakima home and farm
house round about.
Next day many more cars came ln,
■ and, ever since, Yakima is said to
I have enjoyed the distinction of hav
ing more coal per capita than any
other town away from the mine,,
ln the northwest.
"If you can't get attention by
talking soft," says Mr. Turnell, "talk
hard or do something, and they'll j
The New Pure Food and Drag Law.
We are pleased to announce tbat,
Foley's Honey and Tar for coughs,
colds and lung troubles Is not af-;
f«rted by the National Pure Food
and Drug law as it contains no opi
ates or other harmful drugs, and we
recommend it as a 6afe remedy for
eWldren and adults. North Yakima
drug store, A. D. Sloan, Prop. I
Dr. Ganvllle Lowther.
About 50 years ago Charles Dar-
Iwln, the world's greatest naturalist
; and Herbert Spencer, the world's
' greatest philosopher, announced
! their belief In the theory of evolu
jtlon as an explanation of the order
of the universe. It startled chrls
tlans and was opposed with a logic
learning, eloquence and wit per
haps unequaled by any discussions
of the past. It was an age when
the rack, the gibbet, the cross and
any other form of physical punish
ment for opinion's sake had passed
away, and the appeal was made to
reason. After fifty years of the most
careful scrutiny, the severest crit
icisms, the most eloquent and learn
ed discussions, by the best scholars
on both sides, it has won Its way intc
literature, college text books, lec
tures, -sermons and the thought of
the masses, so that but few who lay
Just claim to scholarship deny the
truth of its claims and the effort
now is to harmonize the facts of na
| ture and the experiences of life with
j its teachings. The evolutionists
1 themselves are not agreed as to their
i theories. It is true of them as
diaries Darwin taught of the strug
i gles of the various forms of life on
j the earth for existence, "The strug
i gle is greatest among the individ
uals of the same kind; because they
subsisting on the same food and liv
ing under the same conditions, come
ilnto more direct contact and there
fore direct conflict, with each other
for the same things." This is true
of the various denominations of the
I Christian church. It has been ob
| served in a majority of cases where
there is in any city or country a
sharp competition or rivalry between
denominations of Christians, that
I those most alike were the greatest
rivals. So it has been with the ad
Jvocates of evolution. They have dl
jvided into three schools of thought
iviz: Atheistic, who eliminated God
| from the idea of the universe, Deis
tic, who believe in God, believe that
He created all things and that evo
lution was His mode of operation
but believe that after calling the
primary substances Into being, and
placing them under certain laws, He
left them to work out their destiny
without interference of guidance;
Thelstlc, who believe in God, be
lieve that all material things are
expressions of His life, energy and
thought, that He is In them and
clothes Himself with them and that
their movements under what we call
natural law are His modes of oper
ation. It is this theory of evolu
tion that we will in a series of ar
ticles discuss. We do not care to
discuss the Atheistic nor the Dels
tic, but to set forth the arguments
that are generally relied on for he
support of evolution in general and
then for Theistic evolution. I
The arguments used for the sup
port of evolution are from the var
ious branches of science. They come
from the generally accepted facts
classified under the general heads
of biology, geology, , embryology,
eoology, astronomy, physiology, an
thropology, bibliology, history and
The principal laws In operation
jare (1) all life struggles for expres
sion. (2) There is In all forms of
I life a struggle for existence. (3)
In the struggle for existence there
will be the survival of the fittest; in
other words, the survival of the best
'adapted to Its environments. (..)
In the survival of the fitest, the sur
vlval of the unfit Is Impossible. This
occurs because there is not room
or food for all that comes Into being
and only that which ls best adapted
Ito the conditions of life can live
(5) The above facts are responsible
for what we call nature's law of
selection and rejection. (6) In all
the individuals of any species there
is a tendency to variation. This var
iation is often in size as in case
where one Is better fed than anoth
er. It may be in color, as is some
times seen the nature of the food Is
changed. It Is seen ln the thick
ness of the skin or the color of the
hair as a result of climate. There
are also changes of texture .chemi
cal changes in blood, sap and juices
of the body on account of soil, water
and the mental states of animals
These and other facts, It is argued
make evolution possible. Tbe ques
tion then arises, is it probable? In
the answer to this question may be
found the evidences from nature as
seen ln the various fields of invest!
gat ion. in the phenomena of the un
Iverse. The first that we shall pre
sent is from
We can only give a summary, or
brief of the arguments that have
taken volumes to amplify; but as
we read and understand them they
are as follows: Biology teachea
that the many forms of life have
primarily one substance. This sub
stance is called protein. It is com
posed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
and nitrogen. This when united
with a large -proportion of water
forms the chief constituent of the
substance known as protoplasm,
which Is the physical basis of all
forms of life. It is not life, but It
is the primary forfn in which all life
is clothed. This life Is constantly
changing on account of a process of
organization of material particles
with which It clothes Itself, and the
disintegration of particles by which
it tends to death. One is the build
ing up process and the other the
tearing down process, both of which
are continually going on. Every
particle of food builds fiber or tis
sue, and every movement tears them
down. If the reconstructive process
ts more rapid than the destructive
process, there is growth. If it is
less, there is decline. In youth the
reconstructive proees is greater; In
age it is less. Therefore the tenden
cy of all living matter is toward cy.
eli-changes. All living matter pro
ceeds from pre-existent living mat
ter. A portion of the old being de
tached and the new taking on the
form of the old, with certain modi
fications. These modifications are
from numerous causes. some of
which have already been named, viz,
quantity and quality of food, cli
mate, soil, water, mental states of
animal life and many other condi
tions classified mainly under the
laws of heredity and environment.
It is therefore the belief of the
biologist that the many forms of
life had originally one form, viz
protoplasm, and that the tendency
has been. Is now and ever will be
toward higher and still higher
In another article I will give the
arguments from other branches of
science, no one of which would be
regarded of itself as -sufficient proof;
but when they are all taken togeth
er form an argument that ls almost
"Thus salth the Lord. Make
this valley full of ditches .. ..
Te shall not see rain; yet that
valley shall be tilled with water."
11. Kings. 111., IS-17.
WHAT IHRIC.ATIOj**. DOBS.
Reclaims arid wastes.
Produces perfect fruit.
Causes the desert to bloom.
Makes a prosperous country.
Lessens the dangers of floods.
Insures full crone every sea
Yields large returns to invest
Makes the farmer Independent
Multiplies the productive capa
city of the soil-
Adds constantly to the securi
ty of Investments.
Creates wealth from water;
sunshine and soil.
Utilises the virgin soil of the
Affords a sura foundation tor
the creation <of wealth.
Makes farmlna* profitable In
waste places and forever fore
stalls the (host of drouth.
Makes tbe production of tue
choicest fruits possible, and pro.
longs the harvest periods of va
rious crops If so desired.
Irapro. s land at each sub
mergence, and rnnsetinently drea
not wear out the soil; produces
support of dense population.
Improves the quality and .n
--cr.ai.es fully one-eighth and oft
entimes one-fourth the else of
fruits, vegetables nnd grains.
Makes the farmer happy by
knowlr.tr that he has always at
hand the means nf readily and
chf-aHy supplying all the water
n.f-rt.d- nr his soil and gmwlnr
crops, lust when and In such
iv .ntltles as ar* needed.
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