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I FR£t,Dorvi. L PUBLISHED BY THE BROTHERHOOD OF THE CO-OPERATIVE COMMONWEALTH Terms of Subscription: One Copy, One Year It.oo Six Months 60 " " Three Months 95 To members of Brotherhood, Soc per year. EDISON. SATURDAY, MAY 21? 1898 Railway corporations quite Incon sistently' oppose free coinage of silver while favoring a.rate of 10 to I: that Ie they charge express companies an average of }ie a pound, while the people have to pay. lor postal matter, 8c a pound, or sixteen times as much as the express companies. £i ►*■« »it A Modern Parable.—Your neighbor is i rushed by circumstances which he cannot control, but which you can . help to alter. If you pass by to your money-getting business, wherein do yon differ from the priest and Levitt who "passed by on the other Bide," leaving the wounded man to die? Yet this is the daily practice of millions who prof ess to be following the good Samaritan. # * >& ._„ The Only Sure Basis of Liberty — Great liberty comes only from great orderliness. Those who expect liberty without discipline should study the following from Marx: "All com bined labor on a large scale requires more or less directing authority in order to secure the harmonious work ing of the individual activities, and to perform the general functions that have their origin in the action of the combined organism, as distinguished from the action of its separate or gans. A single violin player is his own conductor: an orchestra requires a separate one. * # * Both or Neither.—Those who dance should pay the tiddler, and so long as our lav- favor the creation of mil lionaires we will have a constantly in creasing crop of paupers. The idle dude necessitates the overworked farmer and factory hand. With just enough grain for all. one cow in the oat bin means other cows on short ra tions. If "my lady's" dresses cost 930,000 a year it means that 6,000 wives contribute each $10 a year. Before Railroad Trust Morgan paid 15,000 for that pup he had robbed 5,000 farmers of $1 each by extortionate freight charges. Gould's 175,000 yacht was paid for by those who chipped in their quarters and halves for tele grams. While unjust laws give one man millions that he has not pro duced tens of thousands of laborers must be robbed of the fruits of their labor. « 0 # <B MACHINERY AND WAGES. When socialists urge that the Rorkingmen of today have good cause for discontent, they are usually met with the objection that the work ers are better off than they used to lie. This is undoubtedly true, but the question Is whether the vast Increase in productive power which has been caused by machinery shall be monop olized by a few, and they not the mi . tors, with merely a few crumbs to the mi ions, or whether the benefits .•hall be Used to uplift and bless the entire race. The theory and spirit of our laws provide that even the inventor shall not receive financial returns from his invention after fourteen years, the invention then becoming public property, to be used for the equal good of all. But by means of trusts, secret re bates and other similar Ices, a few schemers are securing to themselves ami their heirs the bulk of all the ad vantages arising from the increased productivity of labor when applied through machines. One an, with a spinning jenny, will do as much work as 1,000 men -with hand wheels. Even allowing live" men for engineers, machinists, etc., we have still one man doing the work which it used to take 300 to do. Say the increase in productive power dur ing the past 100 years is 25 fold. flight here is the point of the de hate, the very kernel and meat of the whyle question, '.here are three distinct solution. 1. The employe can work one tvten ty-lifth part of ii hours, say 30 min utes, and receive his former wages. This course allows no advance iv the .standard of living and so is merely a possibility, advocated by no one. i The employe can work about as many hours as his grandfather did and get about the same wages, some one else getting the benefit of the invention. This is substantially' the present plan. ;. By a fair and equal division of the benefits of machinery the worker i.tit shorten his hours one-half and vet receive twelve times as much wages as did hi- grandfather. This Is socialism, Tue question Is not whether the •worker Is getting a slice of bread and a red herring more or less than his grandfather received. The question that will not down, is whether the worker is receiving what he produces and is sharing equally in the progress of the age. We could endure some injustice among adults If all the children shared equally in the fabulous wealth of this wonderful age. Hut when we see millions of the children barred out from the table tied has spread for them that a few hundred other child ren may live in riotous luxury, our souls rise in revolt. A million country-born children re celve but three to four months' train ing in inferior schools, while Vander- Itilt's son has four regular ' body ser vants to educate him in effeminacy ami uselesMess. New York city is so poor that through lack of school room many thousand of her children never see the Inside of a schoolroom but re ceive their whole education in the streets; while Gould's daughter gives $15,000,000 for the privilege of being married to a lordling. Chicago streets belong to the peo ple if Chicago, yet Yerkes. by boodle methods, makes a net income of $3,675,000 a year through his street car monopoly. The children of this nation are co heirs of all this wealth, and we vow eternal war against a system which robs the children of workers and at the same time ruins the children, of those who receive the stolen wealth. iff ►I' *if CULTURE AND SOCIALISM. It is a significant Index of the won drous growth of socialism In the last few decades, that so many of the most intellectually cultivated men and women of the United States and Great Britain have embraced, In whole or in part, the theories of the socialistic school of political econo my. The trend of the movement is strongly upward, and the leaven that at first leavened only the Industrial masses or classes (the laboring people, so called), has for years been rapidly and surely leavening the intellectual classes or masses of the two nations. The spirit of Socialism now so fully permeates all the strata of social life In Great Britain and the United States, that the saying, "We are all' Socialists now." is becoming every day more and more the living truth in literal language. The names of some of the most notable among the large and ever progressively increas ing number of the eminent British and American scientists, men of let ters, artists, clergymen, educators*, political economists, statemen. jur ists, and educators, that are Social ists or socialistic, and that have in the world of culture an international reputation In their various spheres of accomplishment and distinction, ap pear in the appended important but incomplete list. All of them are So cialists either in utterance or convic tion, though some of them would re pel the assertion that they are Social ists, if we, in classifying them, should call them Socialists -such is the prejudice agalst the term, though not against the ideas involved therein. There are Socialists that are radical, and there are Social ists that are conservative: some of them are universal Socialists, while others art partial Socialists —partial both to the reigning order of Individualism and to the coming orderof Altruism. Most of the names in the list that follows, are the names of Socialists of the conservative and evolutionary type of reform; the other names mentioned may be put down as the names of radicals await ing and hailing the new revolution. W. D. iiowelis. the dean of Ameri can men of letters: John Buskin, the glory of lattcrday English literature; G.Bernard Shaw, critic, playwright, essayists, and all-round author one of the most pungent and brilliant writers of the times: Laurence < Iron-1 lund, profound historic philosopher and politii economist; Grant Allen, scientist and novelist; Edward Bella my, political economist and popular and able novelist of Nationalism; Walter Crane, artist and litterateur; Henry Laboucbere, splendidly able journalist and reform agitator: Al gernon C. Swinburne, possibly the I ■'est of living English poets (per haps scientific anarch) would be i more to hit liking, however, than so cialism), I. Zangvvill, critic, novelist, and literary man of extreme clever ness and distinction; I lev. George I). [llerron. the first professor of tin first college department of Applied Christianity (Christian communism lor socialism); Miss Frances E. Willard, very lately deceased,) the evangelist of temperance and the leader in many reforms; JSev. F. M. Bpragu -. the author of the splendid work. "Socialism, from Genesis to Revelation' 1! Of. McGlynn? eloquent expositor of the new na tional economy: Lady Cook (nee Ten nessee Claflln), the prepbetess of stripiculture; B. O. Flower, progres sive editor and impassioned pra claimer of the coming righteousness and regeneration: W. If. Bishop, • clever novelist of entertaining travel; Professor Frank Parsons, jurist and economist: Professor Ely, a leader among profe —or.- of municipal econ omy; Professor John IS. Commons, author of numerous strong and hDISON, SKAGIT COUNTY, WASH., SATURDAY. MAY 21,1898, effective books on social ethics; Professor E. W. Bemis, distinguish ed, apart from his . ability., as a professorial economist, by the fact of hit banishment from the University of Chicago on account of his too trenchant exposition of socialistic doctrines: Mr. and Mrs. Sidney Webb, social encyclopedist: Judge Walter Clark, jurist and economist. ! ,'- ? c. c. c. c. / We doubt if there are 300 people anywhere else in the world who have as much good fellowship as do the B C C pioneers. \. ft X We discuss everything, from vege tarianism to theosophy. Do we al ways agree? Of course not. Only be ings of infinite wisdom, who see all sides of all questions, that is who see everything just as it Is, can al ways agree. ft 'We all agree that we are all finite. One sees the red side of the shield and another sees Its blue side. A dis cussion doesn't disturb the good fel lowship. ft You see no one can threaten anoth er's living, and there are no rivalries as to who shall dress finest. * That 95,000 a year means rags for a number of workingmen's families, whose wages are cut down that banker, manufacturer.and wall street gambler may be able to give $10,000 to secure a line soprano, or 930,000 for a stained glass window representing the Good Samaritan succoring him who had fallen among robbers! ft Here we have not a salaried officer. No one gets a farthing beyond his fel lows. Hence there are no rags. It is the unanimous testimony of all our visitors that the 75 children in the colony are exceptionally clean in per son and neat in dress. ■ « Our discussions constantly revert to two leading questions: "How can we get the most for our money?" "How can we get the largest results from our labor?" r- ft. / One of the most fundamental as sumptions of socialsim is that most of the evils now afflicting the race (wars, famines, pestilences, want, crimes, diseases, ignorance, lack of opportu nity for culture, etc., etc.,) are not owing to any inherent evil in human nature, but come mainly from un scientific and unjust organization. In the competitive world well worn garments arc not a good recommen dation for a fat position, hence school teacher, preacher, clerk, etc., etc., must, when looking for a job, put on a brand new suit. Would any church offer 95,000 a year to a preacher who comes candidating in a threadbare coat? A new suit may mean 95,000 a year. If they are wrong in this they may be wrong in all. If, as we used to be taught, each infantile death is be cause God wills it and not because of exposure or lack of medical at tendance: if the poverty of the work ers is owing to some heavenly law and not owing to their exploitation by the loafers, if hunger is conducive to cul ture and misery to strength, then of course socialism is a dream. ft Attaching such importance to or ganization, we socialists are duly in terested in the smallest details of our -laws and rules. * Discussions are earnest and often protracted, but there are no "party lines," no wounded feelings, no fears of being "fired." No one can ■...- to hi- Eeliowman, "Vote as I wish, or your babies will go hungry." * We are coming to appreciate the profound wisdom of John Stuart [ill's saying, "The cure for the Ilia of lib erty is more liberty." ft Universal adult suffrage and ma jority rule make the bent educational system ever devised. *"- Now let William Waldorf Astor or ganize a regiment of millionaires and go to fight tile dons. Just hold your breath till the plutocrats have en listed. The (on mill employes of the ( hippe wa Falls (Wis.) Lumber and Boom company of this city went out on a strike today for ten hours' work a day. instead of eleven, as has been the rule. There .-. is a general stir among i!,.. employes of tho alley "1." road in con sequence of the announcement that the change from team to electricity is soon to be made, and that wages were to be reduced to correspond with the rates paid by the Metropolitan and Lake street companies. It is said that the change will dispense with the ser vices of many of the engineers and lire men, and that others will bo ufiected. Many of the engineers employed by the company are members of the Brother hood of Locomotive Engineers, but it is said thai organization will be power* less to Interfere when there is no lon ger ■ necessity for members of that craft, and the maw Is said to be true of the firemen. Chit-ago Times-Herald. LETTERS FROM MEMBERS. ——— .■ ■!..., ;, - ;-. -.: ■■ n .... I am surprised to read such a bright paper from Kdison. W. .1. DOOLIN.' ft 1 hope sometime to be an active member in the colony. I realize that this is the only solution to the wage problem, and hope to put all my life to the work when 1 can see an opening to do so. G. L. Brown. ft When 1 read of your rapid growth I feel some uneasiness lest your mem bership increase faster than your means will allow you to feed and clothe them. lam delighted with re ports so far. Pace and standard have been set: keep up with them. n W. 11. Wyatt, N. J. * :?.■...•:• ":',■; At this time our members all over the country must be urged not to allow the war spirit to blind them to the work necessary to building up the reserve "army" of the IS C C. and thereby abol ishing forever such wars as the one we are now engaged in. Comrade M. J. Elliott, Montana. ft All we hear now is war (kill), war (kill), war (kill)! Are we as a people going back to the dark ages? The more I study this move (B C C), the more convinced I am that it is the only right way out of this horrible condi tion we are In now, and the harder we push it, the better off every thing will be in the end. » 1.. .1. BILL, ft I sat this day in Lewis county Peo ple's party committee meeting at Che halls, where some *10 of reform books were distributed to the various pre cincts of the county. What do you sup pose were the selections? President John Smith, by F. U. Adams: Direct Legislation by the Citizenship, by .1. W. Sullivan: Direct Legislation through tin- Initiative and Referendum? by J. W. Sullivan: An Open Letter to the Rich, by Sam Flint: The Religion of Capital and Social Effect of Machinery, ami Do You Know what Socialism Means? How v is this for socialist prop aganda? "Py Shelly!" this is encour aging, a. T. McDonald. * ■ This place has a band of "Brother hood" wojjters. Enclosed find list of 12 names, also $1.20, our dues for May. 1898; hope to add some to our mem bership in the future. You cannot Imagine how interested we are in the work that is going on, to free hu manity from the bondage which com petition, in its present stage, fastens upon us. We anxiously scan each item of news in the column which tells of your progress and not one bit of news in regard to your work es capes our notice. Mks. FEHA D. Comstock, Local Secretary, Mich. ft Since a child my heart has gone out towards the oppressed; as a young man I swore thut I would espouse their cause, and if I may have the privilege of doing a little service as my age ad vances, I shall fee] that my cup run neth over Indeed. To bear the tidings of great joy which shall be to all peo ple, is Indeed a grand mission, and some times I feel like "Mark Tapley,'' that I shall never have a chance to "come out strongly," but 1 suppose that as a colony we will have persecutions without and fightings within, and that the least of us there who will keep calm and collected, shall be more than In' who taketh a city. Daniel Boissevain. * Dear Bro. Bwlgart:- of "Tth ult. received. I went down to see Mayor Jones, immediately. His first response was: Why do they not con tent themselves with more modest en deavors and enterprises? Why not run farming? They are too ambitious —they want to get the whole earth, just like the other fellows, etc. "Of course," 1 said, "that is just what they are after. We are not working to build a little colony of people for their private comfort and conve nience. < >ur Colonies are only the be ginning of a movement which is des tined to cover the whole country. We are aiming to work out and dem onstrate, on a large scale, the practi cability and supreme desirability of •octal 1 succeeded in giving him a little better idea of our work. He finally said he might go out and see. 1 mean to follow the matter up by seeing his wife, and crying to get her Interested to go with him, when they take their summer vacation, if not before. 1 am hoping to get Miss Potter at work pretty soon. . By the way, Mr. Jones i.- going to pay that $100 on Bro. L 's membership, lie is going, sure. Mr. Hyde is going about the middle of this month. After a few of our fel lows get there ami begin to write back and their letters are published our dailies will publish them), we shall have a great awakening of in terest. O, if my father's family had only had si eh a prospect when they came into i his wilderness to pioneer single handed, as you people have. The prospect would make me want to begin life over, if I did not have in view the pure and perfect in the, to me, near beyond. You dear people are building infinitely better than you know. Remember us to the dear wife and baby and all. QUO. Candee. ft I claim to be a socialist by intuition. My. father was a stockbroker and banker of Amsterdam, Holland, and a very honorable man. I thus naturally learned to love the man and despise the calling. I saw he got his wealth without earning it, and I vowed as a child to right the wrong we were lining our less favored Fellow-man, and although my position has cost me my friends (?) and my money, 1 have only more determined to stand by my guns till the last fort is taken or my body returns to ashes. So cialism . is the Good Samaritan (the "Infidel clog" of Israel. The mini by the wayside is he who is robbed by "those! who with fraud have kept back the hire of them thai harvested." etc. The Levi to the nominal Christian "who draws nigh with his lips but. etc." The, priest is "the ruler of the syna gogue." I believe that Christ shed his blood as a "ransom price" for all that in Adam die, and that the gospel (glad tidings), peace on earth and good will towards men were sent in this age, "the gospel age," to select a people for His name, thai in them through their min istration service, all the nations of the earth may be blessed, led into a condi tion of peace and justice. His kingdom come. His will be done in the earth (so ciety) as it is in Heaven. Socialism is in my belief "the setting up of His Kingdom" In the days of "those kings" (rulersof the gentiles, i. c., all who art; not of the "little Dock," spiritual Is rael), and when the conditions are suf ficiently advanced I believe man will have got a perfect knowledge of his condition which he lacked so fan. will have got for himself a perfect food to maintain a . perfect body, free. from death and disease, and that the resur rection will take place as naturally as birth docs now. Mv duty 1 understand is to perfect myself ami through ser vice give meat to my fellowman. In Other words, if I have received light it will shine. My effort, therefore, is not to disperse light or point out the shore to others: but to get the article myself and leave it to do its own shi ning. I declare this to be my position. A Member ok the b, c. c. ft 1 feel very interested in your secur ing all the land you can. The men are ready in great numbers to go to Washington. No end to tlu-ir num bers just as soon as you are prepared to receive them and give them em ployment. I cannot but believe that many rich people who have tired of racing after more riches will be turn ed toward our better way. when they see that they cannot all win in the race for the biggest pile. Some of them will become interested in using their money to help humanity. It is difficult for rich men to enter the kingdom, yet some will enter —"all things are possible with God." We preachers have been wasting a great deal of breath praying the Lord to move the hearts of rich men to put their money into a great many fool ish enterprises that are of no benefit, such for instance as endowing col leges, asylums, (>ldLadies' Homes, su perannuated preachers' associations, etc., etc., for the express purpose of helping them to run and live on USURY. If preachers would preach and pray to the Lord and to rich men to use their money to establish justice among men to prevent men from getting rich oil the unrequited toil of others, it would be possible to squeeze some rich men through the narrow gate. Such prayer- might possibly be answered. I believe both the Lord anil some rich men would hear and an swer such prayers. Let us try it. 1 believe God wants all men to be rich in this world's goods. Hlch in the products of their own wise ami well directed productive labor. I believe His curse is on all men who get rich on other men's labor. Geo. Candee. * If I tell you that In 1855 I left a very promisingly begun career as a teach er in the canton of /.uric. Switzer land, to join the Swiss department going to unite with the French Bel gian Fourierites, to form a colony in Texas, and carry into practice the teachings of that great originator of Socialism, you will take it a- a matter of course, that 1 sympathize with your effort! and will tin all 1 can to help you on in your endeavors. Well, we signally failed in our Tex as enterprise, although there was la bor and capital In abundance engaged at the start. Ami can you guess, to what seemingly Insignificant factor I now must ascribe a large (hare of the causes of failure? Fourier had thought out everything about liar monial labor and society, but that there should be a harinonia! diet underlying the whole social struc ture, that thought never hail en tered his mind, or had not done it in the right shape. He thought It was harmony to pamper to the per verted low animal appetites, which have built up our present. Iniquity and suffering-cursed so called civili zation. But if you wish to build up a higher civilization, the foundations must be laid by clearer heads and more tender hearts than those that now feel at home in this civilized pandemonium. We 1 lived there at Dallas, in the Texas summer heat on beef, white bread '• and : coffee, got weak, morose and sick, and a good many died in consequence, and nobody had sense enough to see- that it was the climax of nonsense : to expect to have harmony grow out of a soil moistened by the blood of slaughtered animals. You have named your colony Equal* ity, and i infer that Bellamy's hook has done the christening. If that be so. I wonder if the spirit of that book has so far penetrated into your hearts and even your stomachs, as to cause you to adhere to the true and only diet of a liarmonial socialist, and that's' strict vegetarianism. I don't' think much of those socialists who only come into our ranks to be the better enabled to pamper to their tyrannical stomachs. They will will never make an Eden out of this hell. Bellamy has made a. decided mistake there, when he makes social harmony come first, and then as a consequence, liarmonial diet. Turn it round and you are about right, and success is sure for you. Hermann Studeh, Kansas. ft We arc not building, for the bene, fit of a mere colony of people, nor for a group of colonies. We are build ing for the whole state, for the whole country, for the whole world. We are building these colonies to practi cally inaugurate and illustrate true socialism. Any theory of socialism that does not recognize individual personal responsibility, the right and duty of each adult human being to use himself, including his own per sonal earnings, as he may elect, pro vided he docs not injure others, is untrue to nature and cannot succeed. Our first colony should he so care fully built and on so broad and strong a foundation that it cannot fail. It should be a sample community, con structed on such national business principles and made so successful and attractive that all other citizens of the State and the Nation can see the advantage and desirablility of such co-operation to all wealth producers. In order to produce this effect it must, First, display, such orderly and scien tific management of its means of pro duction that it can furnish an unstint ed supply of all earthly goods and conveniences to each and all of its members. Second, it must demand an equit able outlay of energy on the part of each able bodied member. Third, It must guarantee the fullest liberty and opportunity to each and all its adult members to use and en joy their individual possessions as they prefer. This is "full socialism." Anything short of this, or anything added to this is not socialism. Social ism means the best social conditions for developing the best manhood. This requires. (1.) The collective ownership and management of the means of produc tion, because this is necessary to the best development of the resources of nature with which to supply the ma terial wants of all men. (-'.) It demands an equal division of the products of nature for an equal time of service to all who are able tv work, and for equal needs to those who are not able to work. It de mands this division in order to satisfy and to develop an inherent sense of justice and Tightness in all human beings. The best manhood cannot be evolved without the gratification and exercise of this sense of right. (3.) It demands the fullest liberty and opportunity to each individual to use his private possessions as he may prefer in order the better to culti vate and develop his individual taste ami capacities and responsibilities. □Many things arc needed in common by all. These can be procured and held and used in common by all. All productive and distributive capital land, domiciles, light, heat, water, mill service, telegraph, telephone, general educational facilities, lec tures, schools, libraries, general mi - tary provisions, etc. These should all be procured and owned ami used in common by all, while diverse Individ ual wants must be met from the pri vate purse of each individual— special household goods, special foods, cloth ing, art, music, book,, papers, relig ion- or irreligious literature or privi leges, amusements, sports, recrea tions, etc. 'I'" me, these wants all must have an equal private purse. Then while there Is an outside world unsaved, some will want to 11, a', private do nation! to better the condition of their poor relations or somebody else. Ii Ivate ownership of at least a part of one's share of the colony's income i- a natural demand, and this must M provided fie by some just ami equit able method. What better method can be devised than provided for in our B C C constitution and by-law equal time of service for an equal labor check, and the purchase of all colony goods, ami goods or money or strip received in exchange for colony products, at their labor cost?!, This method commends itself to the good judgment of the mass of those who understand it. __, Geo. Candkk. Bundles of 10 or mors to one address for one-half cent per copy.