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•■^■^^^^••^^^^ qMHSU QhmHhSD
THE GREAT GERMAN LEADER
REVIEWS THE GERMAM ELEC
TIONS. AND THROWS DOWN
THE GLOVE TO THE ENEMIES
OF THE SOCIAL DEMOCRACY.
The Socialists 800,000 Votes Stronger
Than Any Other Party And a
Match For Its Enemies In Fair
Play or Foul.
The following letter from Wilhelm
tiebknecht appeared in London Justice:
Dear Comrade:— In to-day's Justice
you -a.v in a note on the German Elec
tion—"After the Catholics of the Cen
tre, the Social-Democratic Party is the
strongest in Germany." You do not
five us our due. We are not the strong
est party after the Centre, but we are
by far stronger than the Centre, as far
is the electoral body is concerned.
The chief election of June 16 this year
save us 2,125,000 votes, while the Cen
tre had only 1,333,000. So we have
nearly 800,000 voters more, or nearly
two-fifths. And the difference appears
itill greater, if we consider that since
June 13, 1893, the day of the last pre
ceding General Election, the Centre
has lost 135,000 votes, while we have
gained .'140,000. So we are an advanc
ing and growing party and the Centre
is a retreating and decaying party.
The error has doubtlessly been caused
by the fact that the Centre has nearly
wire M many deputies in the Reich*
tag, and more than any other party.
Jut this is the effect of our miserable
Sectoral system, which has not provid
■d for equality of the electoral dis
tricts. Originally, by the "Constitu
ion," we were to have one deputy or
aember for every 100,000 inhabitant*.
rue districts were formed in the year
NT that is thirty-one years ago, and
then, on the basis of a census nearly
ten years old. And now think of the
mmense change in the population and
a distribution, of the mass-migration
romthe country into the towns. At
hat time Berlin had 600,000 inhabit
nts, and it got six members. Now
lerlin has 1,800,000 inhabitants and
u^'ht to have eighteen members. The
istrict (VI Merlin, which sends me to
M Reichstag has for itself alone 145.-
HO electors, and sufficient population
ur six districts. On the other hand,
he number of population in the broad'
ountry remained stationary, or even
•Oreaeed, and just in those parts
there Democratic and Socialist ideas
0 not find such nourishment | and can
ot spread as quickly as in the towns
lie Centre and the Conservatives have
heir chief support of strength. If we
lad as many members as the Social
democratic vote gives us a right to.
■>' bhould have llti members Instead of
ftjr-»U, and the Catholic Centre about
wenty instead of 103.
The Government and the reactionary
artie- have not yet recovered from the
tunning blow our victory gave them,
'hey entertain the wildest schemes of
ay:n V ' their tottering power—correct
ng universal suffrage, a new gagging
IW th.it sends all agitators to prison or
ut of the country— a coup d' etnt. the
•ost desperate and stupid plans are
ut forward and discussed. Well, we
t them think, talk, write, and do
hat they like. We can only feel joy
t all these involuntary confessions of
wlr inability to light us in fair light,
:': "■■■ joy is not marred by any fear.
Pa know our strength and resources,
nd we know the strength and resources
' our enemies. We are prepared for
'"' play and for foul play, and we are
mutch for them, whether they use
11 play or foul play.
Jul.v 0, 1898.
An English View.
The one redeiuining feature of thin
•" is 'if fuet that it has drawn the
QgUlh shaking people closer together
«1 if it result in an alliance between
rent Britain and the United States we
■all all feel wafer. For one, I would
pt look such a gift horse in the mouth,
■ it HIM the correct thing in Social
'>'' circles to do. There will bo a big
ar before'the'Social Involution id
Mible, and on that day we shall be
"' letter for having Uncle Jonathan
loulder to shoulder with John Bull.—
l"v.vi.l. Leeds, England. ..■'..
HAVENT EVEN HORSE SENSE.
Mr. "Real Republic":
For you to compare us "divine" crea
tures of these most glorious U. s. with
70,000,000 horses in ;i line posture, with
grata as high as their knot's, is not fair,
at all, at, all.
Of course we know these U. S. is a
tine pasture, but since horses have
evolved to a higher state of brother
hood than man. how can one of them be
so foolish as to dream of 70,000,000
human animals all living in the same
pasture, round, sleek and fat? It has
always been the nature of wild horses,
even, to associate in communities, for
the purpose of eating and drinking and
giving thanks to Mother Nature for her
bounteous gifts and for defense against,
And don't you know, on the other
hand, that wild men used to do like
wise, but that "tame" men isolate and
withdraw from the association of each
other for the purpose of, by some
sneaking game, slipping around and
getting control of some one (or a dozen)
of the many good gifts of the old Dame,
so that he can deprive other men of
their use except they pay tribute?
Don't yon know horses have all
Peached that decree in evolution which
places them all on the name plane: that
"all horses are created equal" and have
the Intelligence to maintain their
equality? Then why think of hossify
Don't you know that if "all men are
created equal" iwhieh does not appear
true with modern man) it follows with
out question that they have not yet at
tained that intellectual development
which would enable them to retain
their primitive equality?
Don't you know that B.'l per cent of .
the wealth gravitates into the hands of
10 per cent of these 70,000,000 human
horses, making them painfully akin to
God; and this means that nine out of
10 human beings are left so woefully
impoverished that they feel the impos
ing superiority of the favored one.
which feeling the -aid one is wont to
And don't you know that the nine
have ; become M overwhelmed by the
hypnotic Influence that the one can
handle them as the lion tamer drives a
span of the king of DMOtS with riblnms?
IX»n't you know that said one is more
tit to survive than the nine, and that
we must Ihiw to the "divine" law of the
"survival of the tittest"?
Don't you know capitalists say "It
always was so and always will be so"?
Don't you know this state of affairs is
absolutely necessary to perpetuate this
beautiful, God-sent '( hri-tiau" civili
zation we now enjoy?
Don't you know that we must have
clothing and shelter, and that nine men
must labor constantly to supply one
with these oomibrts¥
Don't you know that one out of nine
of our Lfenera has evolved to the horse
plane, leaving the nine asses, and that
asses do not need anything line, much
les- n-tined, hence laborers do not de
serve any nice or warm ilothing-
Don't you know that it is very tanta
lizing to these asses, and it oreates
wants they are unable to satisfy? In
view of this fact don't you know there
is nothing strange that asses kick and
bray, and that we name the two-letfjfed
kind ■■calamity howler-".'
Some asse- don't kick, but are at
tracted by the "higher" order and
strive ami strive and pinch and save
with the vain DO] I tOOM daj being
.me .iiiionL' the .littering few, and with
a lordly air and sanctimonious smile be
able to look back upon their straggling.
Writhing brother- OnOS but not DO* .
with a tenet oJ "refined" Mltopproba
tion <if their achievements.
Don't you know this is the reward of
modern "Christian" civilization, und
that it i- go fascinating to us »i:t,*hkt.«nk. t
asses that we can never think of aban
doning its hallucinating Inducements?
LKjn't you know that .lay Gould WH
once a |K»ir laUirinjr ass. tun t>v his pu
tient and con>tant toil and superior
"thrift" OtOMM ;i ruihiuul magnate.
Oh, this horse story won't >."' Men
must starve, toll, wage war, grow up in
ignorance and vice and squalor in the
slums and hovels that a few may be
come highly civilized.
Thin distinction of Clausen i« what
furnishes the "incentive" to higher
achievements, and this socialistic horse
pasture story cuts no ice with Peleg
Potter, so it don't.
A. T. McDonald.
EDISON, SKAGIT COUNTY, WASH., SATURDAY, AUGUST 27, 1898.
THE TAKING OF HAVANA TOWN
(Anent the Proposed American Kn^land
It was a lovely summer day.
In seventeen si.xty-two.
(With a yo-heave-ho, my hearty!)
That twenty sail from New York hay.
Swam out into the blue.
All full of Yankee soldiers gay
And Yankee sailors, too.
(Who had joined them for the party
With a yo-heave-ho! |
( Connecticut a thousand sent:
New York eight hundred with then
Five hundred Jeneymenj intent
To light with Briton*, ■tile by side.
And blow to dust Spain's bousty pride,
(With a yo-heave-ho, my hearty!)
Ten thousand men v month before—
And heroes were they all
(With a yo-heave-ho, my hearty!)
From Portsmouth made the < üban shore
To see Havana full:
Ix>rd Albemarle was general o'er.
And Pococke admiral.
(Who had joined them tor the party
With a yo-heave-ho!)
The Spanish fleet they tilled with shame:
They tilled Havana town with (lame:
They cheered the Yankees as they came
To Bght with Briton*, side by wide.
And blow to dust Sppin's boasty pride.
(With a yo-heave-ho, my hearty!)
We cheer the British in the bay
Beside Havana town,
(With a yo-heave-ho, my hearty!)
We laugh to sec Spain's proud array
In Morro Castle frown.
And set ourselves to work straightway
To tear old Mornt down.
(So we joined them for the party,
With a yo-heave-ho!)
Old Oen'reJ Lyman takes command.
Hold Isr'el Putnam lends a hand.
And straight our Yankee troop we land
To light with Britons, side by side.
And blow to dust Spain's bOSSty pride.
(With a yo-heave-ho, my hearty!)
We make a breach, we raise a shout
And into Morro rush.
(With a yo-heave-ho, my hearty!)
We drive the ruffian rabble out.
The cheer of Spain .ye hush:
The flag of Spain falls in the rout,
Her fondest hopes we crush,
(When we joined them for the party
With a yo-heave-ho!)
In vain the Seville devils kneel.
While Leon weeps, and all Castile
Bemoans the weight of Yankee steel:
For BritOßS, Yankees, side by side.
Have blown to dust S]tain's boast ypriile.
(With a yo-heave-ho, my hearty! I
The feeblest objection against the
system is that it originated in Switzer
land it small republic. The American
system of many united states -a na
tion composed of federated States ori
ginated in Switzerland. The constitu
tion of Switzerland as it relates to the
poweri of the general republic and of
the several cantons is almost identical
with the constitution of the United
states along many Important parallel
line-, [f there la no argument against
the system better than the (act that it
Originated in Switzerland the discussion
may be regarded as closed.
If the people nuke the laws initiate
legislation by applying for ■ certain
law to lie enacted, and if they ratify it
by a reference to the suffrage—it is
certain that no law will appear on the
(statute l>ook by which their right* are
sacrificed and the proceeds of taxation
are diverted to corrupt uses. Purity
in legislation would follow a system by
which every statute of high Importance
—especially statutes Involving public
franchises and <rrants—should be sub
mitted to a popular vote for ratification^
Tin -re i» do other Mnctioo of i.i» m
Impcnttlve M tliat which \:u- bOOD the
■übjeol of the referendum and approved
at the ballot imx. Chicago Journal.
As Our Platform.
I. For direct legislation under the
system known as the initiative and
liuier the initiative the people CM
require that any deilred law ikall be
■Übmltted to them for a \ote. when,
if it receives a majority of thr vote
r;i-t, :t will he thereliv enacteil.
By the referendum, the people can
require that any law which has been
adopted by a legislature shall, before
becoming operative, be submitted to
a vote of the people for their appro
val or rejection, when, if such law
fails to secure a majority of the votes
cast, it will be thereby rejected.
—[Platform of Union Reform Party
Original Calamity Howler.
Noah was a calamity howler, and the
bone* of tin' men who laughed at him
have helped to make the phosphate
beds out of which fertilizers are now
dug for market.—[Henry I). Lloyd.
Can a member hire a piece of land
of the colony and work by himself?
Can he exchange his own products
for others at the colony store?
Can he work part of the time on his
own hired land and part of the time for
Some people prefer to work under
the direction of another, and bo have no
bother or responsibility of planning
Some like to do their own planning,
be it ever so poorly.
Some would supplement and aid their
own plans by working 1 under a "boss."
Can your colony rules accommodate
each of these classes? If so, such elas
ticity would shake off the argument
that public co-operation makes the
citizen a slave to the public.
Under the present system there are
public emergencies (war) when if there
are not enough volunteers for the pub
lic service then there is a draft. But
morally the citizen is left free- to work
if he can get it, or starve.
So in case of a colony, there may be
economic emergencies.like commencing
a new colony on Insufficient capital—
when the right is claimed to draft all
the workers into the public service un
der public officers. But is that to be
the normal condition, or the excep
Is thr socialist commonwealth to de
pend on the superior economy, effi
ciency and desirability of public ser
vice M manage its works? Or is it to
depend on the force of law to drag the
small fanner from his garden patch,
the Bitherman from his boat, the me
chanlc from his shop?
Judging- from the eager rush for pub
lic employment, from digging in the
street! to boarding in the "White
House," it would seem that the co
operative commonwealth, having guar
anteed everyone the product of their
labor, and an opportunity to labor for
the product, might leave it optional
with each one to work all by his lone
some, or to work with the public.
We know that a majority, or at least
a large minority of the worker* have to
do their work cooperatively now. and
nniler orders of bosses. The shoo, fac
tory, store, telegraph, telephone and
railroad employe*, mm work under
lKi>?es now. under any system of gov
ernment. Pleaie answer in Industrial
Freedom. Yours truly.
D.WII) \V. I'll I PI'S.
IWJ l-'ii'st Aye.,
[We receive many letter* like the
above from Bro. Phipp*. We are glad
for iUCh letters show that socialists are
thinking and thinking always count-.
Wo believe there is at preeent no way
of aocommodating those who wi^h to
work their land privately.
For the sake of attracting as many
reformer* as ]M>s~ilile to our state, we
hope that Equality or some other oolony,
will arrange to leaae lot* ~2 to l<> acre*
to inch pereoa* a> «i>h to "plan for
Doubtless they will all ho ready to
work co-operatively sometime, but for
the present, when so man) very excel
lent people are, turning to socialism,
there ought to be a way of gathering
them in communities where progressive
CO-operatlon will lead them at last to
absolute socialism, if. for Instance,
within .1 short distance of Equality
there were 1,000 co-operators on 10 acre
tracts, there would be more trading at
the colony store, a better outlook for
carrying the county and so of lending a
representative to the legislature!
We are now ready tor all colonists
who wish to cooperate in everything.
Will li not be well to arrange for those
who are ready toco-operate only in part.
Let us hear from the reserves a- well
as from the colonists. Our friend* at
Lake Hay allow a member 2 acre*. Why
not I" acres or whatever amount ■ man
can use? —Editor Industrial Freedom.]
Approval From Prof. Parsons.
our editorial* on the war are most
excellent. Your remarks embody ■
good deal of hard mom and clear in
sight. I wrote SUM time aj. r<> an arti
cle at request of the Arena (July issue),
and took very similar views to yours—
that this war is a part of the great
movement we represent, and though it
may have Incidental evils, and even
set back mm other parts of the move
ment, perhaps the main outcome will
be good. Frank Parsons, Manhattan,
Kan.—ln New Time.
Ten Good Reasons.
A few years after the ISritish tfov
ernmeut had purchased and operated
the telegraph systems in that coun
try, the Karl of Montrose sent to the
House of Lords a report, from which
the following is a brief extract:
1. It is the government's business
to transmit Intelligence; and that
business include-sthe use of the tele
graph and .ill other appropriate
means of transmission.
2. If rates remained the same, an
increase of profit instead of a loss was
to be expected by reason of the econ
omies that would result from a united
telegraph in combination with the
postal service. The people could keep
the rates up and realize a large profit
or put rates down, thereby increasing
the usefulness of the telegraph and
taking their profit in the form of
more and better service for the same
money. They did the latter, and,
as matter of fact, they have saved
at the lowest estimate 1190,000,000 in
twenty-tive years. The telegraph
ing they have done would have cost
them at least 1150,000,000 more than
it has cost, including the expenses
of operation, extensions, repairs, in
terest on the capital, water purchase
.'!. It stands to reason that a xer
vant appointed and paid by himself,
and whose avowed interest and effort
are to line his own pocket with the
utmost possible ■'giltiress" consistent
with his personal safety, will not con
duct your telegraph or any other bus
iness of yours as well as you can do it
yourself or have it done by your own
agent. As a matter of fact, the pub
lic telegraph service turned out to be
vastly, superior to the private tele
graph service according to the uni
versal verdict of the English people.
4. It was reasonable to expect
that the government rates would be
lo\ver,because the •jovernment would
work at cost and would moreover se
cure an absolute economy relatively
to private corporations in the con
duct of the telegraph. In fact, the
rates dropped at once one-third to
two-thirds, average one-half, and
afterwards the ordinary inland
rate was thus again reduced almost
5, The u-e of the telegraph doubled
the tirst year.
•i. The government service has
adopted new inventions and shown a
progressive spirit in respect to em
ploye- a- we.l as the service of the
7. There has been no complaint of
violation of secrecy.
v. Nor the least suspicion of parti
it. The government can be sued
and is -ued. Claims against the gov
eminent are tried judicially the same
as other liaim-.
10. interference with private In
terest* to accomplish a public good
is not arbitrary an.l unjust, it 's the
very essence of |u*tice ami ijood gov
ernment. The private Interest* of
gamblers, saloon-keepers, opium sel
ten, -hip owner-, house builder*,
power maker-, bone grinder*, jjrain
elevator men, etc., private Interests,
both good ami bad, are Interfered
with for the take oi the public wcl*
fare, relegraph interest! form no
exception. The companle* had ■
dy received large return* on their In
ve-tnient and would receive full com
pensation for their capital when the
public took their plant more than
full compensat on a- it turned out.
' H en and Coi nt ry.
This being the spirit of a race that
hat conquered one-third of the globe
iron the arctic »now'Selds to the bla
zing equator, ami in each spot has
built a shrine to God ana named it
Home, every clash of American-Kng
lish met with the weakling tyran
nous foe, means a hastening of the
day of world-wide peace and harmony
among the nations that will one day
constitute the Universal Republic.
—[Greenville (Ky.) Banner.
fc—~ —--•- 1—
It's risky business to pick one man
out of 80,000 or moro and send him to
congreu to do what the people want
him to do unless you huvo the compell
ing power behind him. Most congress
men never give the wishes of their con
stituency ■ single thought because they
! can make more for themselves by serv
ing the lobbyist.—Medicine Lodge
Index. ,:■;•'•. _<
A Successful Co-operative Colony.
I vi-iti-t! the community ai Lake Bay,
Wash., known as tin- Mutual Ho te
Association, t J i • ■ other day, and was
very agreeably entertain d, looking
over their 1 and conversing with the
various members. It would ; ■ hard to
find a linn nterprising and Intelli
gent community of pionei re in any
State. They know what • ■; want,
and. from what I saw. know how to
Two years ago three families, tired
of thi/ conditions under which they
lived, ami having had some experience
in co-operative colonies, moved to the
present site, determined to found a
community which should leave' the
greatest freedom to the Individual and
give him at the same time ■' i benefits
They bad ;i combined capita] of i-<),
but knowing they were right their lack
of money did not daunt them. They
purchased acm <it land on Joet Hay
and proceeded to build their homes.
Today there are us families there, with
their homi-s. gardens, cows and
chickens. The land is all paid for and
they have <t(xkl comfortable house*. A
group of co-operators own and oper
ate 00-operatively a small printing
out tit. ha vet wo teams of horses, and havi>
just purchased an engine and drag saw.
The engine is fitted with drum and
cable ami will lie used for logging and
clearing. A tax title ha* I n pur
chased on 120 acres adjoining I he origi
nal site by some of the member*, and
this will he added to the association
lands a* soon as the title is perfected.
The purchase of other land adjoining
is under consideration, which will make
tine building sites for future members.
The land is held by a corporation
composed of all the members of the
community, and cannot be told, nor can
the association go In debt for anything.
Thus the home* are secure. Anyone
oaatecurea membership by paying a
sum equal to the purchase price of one
acre of land, plus *i for certificate*.
This entitle* the holder to a life lease
of one acre. He <'an take two acre*
(not more on the tame term*. This
land can be used in any manner the in
dividual tee* tit and is his a* ■■■•.,2 a- he
pays the taxes on it. The Individuals
cooperate Id any work they may winh,
forming voluntary groupafoi I ill pur
pow . and say that while thej reap all
the benefits ol co-operation i y hare
Done of the drawback* oi thi oopera
ti\e community In which there if no
chance for the Individual to work a* ha
pleases; that it reduce* the chances of
dlaaension to a minimum, aa anyone
who due- not w to tn co-operate does
not need to: that It will \»- the means
<>f educating the memben up to perfect
co-operation, and wMll nhow which
thin_> can >>v bent done bj co- ration
and which by the individual.
Altogether thin <'otnnuinit} - most
< . 11. >'.'. . . AHT.
A Sennble Democrat
In a recent speech, Representative
Ba iy of Texas Mid The gentleman
from Maine (Dlngley) advocated the
placing of a bonded debt on the coui#
try of $600,000,000, "We propose, "said
Baile "to tax the rich men now
rather than mortiratre the poor men of
coming generations." (Applaute),
Discusting the quevtlon of the su
preme court decision in the Income
tax case, he ceclared that no question
was ever settled until it was settled
rightly. He then combated the the
ory that the income tax was prohib
ited by the constitution. He said the
income tax provisions which the mi
nority had drawn' and which would be
offered by Mi '■' In, had been drawn
to meet the portion of the court's de
cision which was unanimous. Bailey
declared that the income tax was the
most just tax ever conceived.
"If I ■••ere rich and prosperous," he
continued, "I would contrihute of my
abundance to my country in this time
of stress, because I would not want it
said in the history of these times that
the poor gave Bore of their blood than
the rich were willing; to give of their
A Coining Alliance
Japanese --.■ I arc ..mill .• into
California i>orts with the pun. Kni»li»h
and American flap* painted ail ovor
them! Bui will \m the alliance of tho
near future. We can do all the kick
ing' we please, but the rulers of tin-.
three nation** have apreotl on it and it
will' '■■ carried out. —Appeal u> Ucu-oiu
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