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I FRtbDOM. L PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY THE BROTHERHOOD OF THE CO-OPERATIVE COMMONWEALTH I Km. red .it the Postoffice, Bkatft County, wash., m second class mall matter. ) Terms of Subscription: One Copy, One Year *•> Six Months 25 Foreign—sent by member* -si pit year. EDISON, SATURDAY, AUG. 27, 1898. K3TTHK subscription price of IX DUBTRI '. • 'EEDOM from this date will be 50 c;nts a year to everybody alike: 2,'< cents for six months. * * * Street ■ railway employes of To ledo, Ohio, are about to start a co operative store. This was the road fc.-aveled bj English employes. Then as they became stronger, they began manufacturing. $ iff if GERMAN Socialists polled nearly 1,000,000 MORE votes than any other party. In an election at Lille, France, the socialist candidate, M. Delory, beat his opponent, supported by a fu sion, by 2,070 to _.!•"'- votes. * * * Progress. The war department re fused a contract for 100,000 overcoats to a ilrm otherwise acceptable, be cause of the protest of the (Jolted tiarment Workers' Association, sup ported by the American Federation of Labor. See? The administration has friends who wish to be elected this fall. Organized labor has many votes. Let workingmen go into poli tics and they will win every time. * * * Pauper Labor. We hear a great deal about our country being ruined by the importation ot articles made by "pauper labor." Of the shoes im ported into (rreat Britain in ls!>7. 4."> per cent or nearly one-half were made by American "paupers," so much worse o than their fellows In Europe that they made shoes cheaply enough i. . ow .. : :i 3,000 mile "haul"across tli. ocean and still be "at the bottom of tl ■ - / Poor pauper! >£< * >£< F!;i:.\< ,i papers are devoting much Bpac< ' < filiation. In Illinois the i. tic platform declares tor dree I I lon and public ownership of moi is. I:i Kansas thz pupu iti uls almost acceptable to the 10 •-. The lesson ii simple: If a nominee who has a fair chance of election suits you. vote for him. Where the leading candidates are all opp wed to reform, don't be afraid to stand alone, and in a little while you will either have a majority with you. or else one of the leading parties will take up yor.r cause. if* <% * Landlordism vs. Socialism.—Mil lions of acres of (ierman soil are kept from human use by being devoted to j^ame preserves for the nobility. The socialist voters number over 2,000,000, of whom 1,500,000 have not tasted meat for six months. The landlords do two things: 1. They fence the people Off the soil in order to make deer parks and pheasant ran'.a>: and. '2. They put heavy import duties on American wheat and pork, so that taeir own wheat and pork will be [ill one reason why the io inanity l.efore Luxury." Car* . - -cnie the i 11.l 1. 11 of all artle*. In one di- ■ Ham has social rom - ■ :■ . ■ i.- uneasy! >> '> # Two Sympathetic Strikes.-One oc curred in >'■'!. The Pullman Palace Car Co.J built cottages. Kmployes renting other cottage* were discharg ed, so that by IS'JJI almost the entire force Were pajlng rather • hi«jli rents into the coffers of the company, Hard thnes came on. Wages were cut down and the number of day« per week were reduced—but the rents were not reduced. The men were in arrears fur rent and their families hungry. Those who rented other cot tages, because they were cheaper, were cathiered at once. Finally the men struck. In aid of the defense less earbuilders, he!j) appeared in the form of a sympathetic strike by the members of the American Railway union, who refused to handle trains which included Pullman coaches. The plctocratlc press was loud in con demnation of 'xvmpathftih 1' strikers in general) and In praise of I'ere Cleveland who called out the army to Btlpprett the •sympathy.'' In 1-U* Cuban workers were being 1 starved liy their idle Spanish overlorJs against the unanimous protest Mr-:- M and - ■-. The workers of America compelled the administra tion to reverse the policy of the former administration and send both regulars and militia in a "sympa thetic" strike, which is probably one of the most successful on record. All glory to the feeling of international "brotherhood" which ha» overcome the combined strength of Wall and Lom bard aw.'. GO-OPERftTIVE GOLONI&S, One of the best evidences of the vi tality ot the co-operative movement is the manifold forms in which it man ifests itseii. Co-operative efl'orts are usually along one or the other of these lines: I. Political, as nationalization of telegraphs, telephones, railroads,city ownership of street cars—electric — and water works, etc. 'J. Voluntary co-operation without colonization, as in creameries, eleva tors.evaporators, laundries, bakeries, etc.. etc. 3, Co-operation by the formation of colonies. I'oUtieal cooperation is. of cour»e, the ideal way. but as it is powible only when a majority of the state will grant a law and after this a ma jority of the local community favor the proposed measure, it is weari somely slow, but is steadily growing the whole world over. Co-operation without colonisation is more easily inaugurated than po litical. It seems specially successful wiun the business management, or dinarily a large item of expense, is furnished gratis by a local board of directors, the manual labor only be ing a cash expense. Stores and farm ing seem to succeed less frequently than creameries, bakeries, elevators, evaporators, etc. In the matter of colonization therr are many plans. Perhaps the best known is Ruskin, at Kuskin, Term.. a purely socialistic colony, with a strong central management: power of the colony to suspend a member for .-ix months or less: no opportunity for individual business. Another colony, organized about the same time as Kuskin, but on en tirely different lines, is Fairhope, at Falrbope, Ala. Ln thU colony the as sociation simply owns the land, which is assigned to those desiring it, the only condition being that the person who desires to monopolize a portion of the association land, (hall pay into the association treasury a fair equiv alent. The lease is perpetual, but the payment! may vary from year to year. No money [| paid for the land, thereby avoiding the necessity for buying. The member.- pay a rental to be sure, but this rental jfoea Into the common treasury to be used for the common good in public Improve ments, such ai a wharf, school, hotel, etc. At Fairhope co-operation is wholly voluntary: those who wish to .in -.1 may co-operate as in a creame ry, fruit selling, steamer, etc. At the outset the association operated a store. This was linally wholly di vorced from the association, though all the member? of the association hold stock in the store. We believe there is a co-operative boat, a co-op erative brick kiln, and a co-operative saw mill, each company being com posed of those interested. The main business is fruit raising and market gardening. Kach cultivates his farm as he pleases,all co-operation, whether of buying, selling or working being wholly voluntary. The Colorado Cooperative compa ny, at Pinon. Montrose county. Colo rado, is trying to build a ditch, some tifteen miles long and large enough to irrigate some 15,000 acres of land. Membership fee is 1180; 40 acres of land at 11.25, Moi estimated cost of water right (to complete ditch) MSO, Thus the total cost of a JO-acre home stead with perpetual water right,wlll be 1650. In addition each member will build hi- own home, furnish hit own itock ami machinery and farm his own land. A member will thus . 11,000 to 12,000 ca«h or its equiv* t. The association as a whole owns the ditch, operates a store, dl« ning hall, harness shop, saw mill, and blacksmith shop, and i ■ peel to oper ate a I'.ourmill, evaporator, electric li^ht plant, etc. Thin colony is about half way between socialistic colonies, such as those of th 15 C C and Rug kin on the one hand, and Fail-hope on the other. • tic coloniea ell ;r autono lii'.v: or federated t ac • ■ lal intention. ihlp In either - ll«0. ihea the [ties foi ■ on. j We hope that those who cannot see their way clear to unite with a I! C C colony, will organize to suit them selves locate in Washington and help Lie to carry the state for social ism in litoo. • # # A GOOD PLATFORM The New Time, the ablett journal orm !'• ever bad,puti itform: I. Dili, i ition by majority ad practli racy. n. Public ownership and operation of natural monopolies; the first more for .i perfect sy.-tein of co-operative production and distribution. :t. a scientific money sTitcin bmd on the iTeilit and faith of the govern ment (the people). i. A fore'.irn [Kilicy designed tocom plete the overthrow of monarchical Liovernmentc and to hasten the com ing of an international democracy. * * * Who sends half of the *-">"( i names the boat. Write to Nat'l Secretary BC C. EDISON, SKAGIT COUNTY, W, A Wealthy Reformer. Good Fortune of 'The New Time," the Famous Reform Mana/inc. The many friends and admirers of "The Xew Time." Chicago's sturdy and interesting reform magazine, will be glad to learn of its good fortune. Mr. T. .1. Mcßride, a wealthy man ufacturer of Toronto, was so well pleased with "The Xew Time"' and its reform policy that lie forwarded a draft sufficient to meet all its obliga tions and leave a neat balance at the command of Editor Adams and his assistants. Thus it happens that at the end of two yearn this magazine has a circulation exceeding 40,000 and a financial backing sufficient to make it a tremendous factor in the battle between the people and plu tocracy. Mr. Mcliride stipulates that the prolits on his investment' shall lie BMd in improving the magazine and in rapidly extending its circulation and Influence, After so many fail ure.- it is gratifying to know that the time has arrived when it is possible to maintain a high grade reform pub lication such as "The Xew Time." It is a matter for congratulation that the magazine is. and will remain in safe hands, and that it is-not a mere money-making venture. There is now no reason why "The New Time" should not attain an enormous circu lation. Xo reader of the I F should fail to subscribe for "The Xew Time. We are authorized to receive and forward subscriptons. and know of no better investment for a dollar. The August number of The Xew Time is in keeping with the high standard set by this magazine. It is splendidly illustrated and there is not a dull paragraph from cover to cover. The frontispiece is a tine portrait of S M Jones, the famous reform may or of Toledo, Ohio. The cartoon work of this magazine excels that of any publication in the county and that of ■ the August number is specially striking. "The Last Slave" is a group showing the emancipation of the ne gro in 1863, the freeing of the Cuban in 1898 and the continued serfdom of the American workman, the Last Slave. The editorials are in Mr. Adams best vein and add to his reputation as a writer on social and industrial economics. With the August number Mr. Charles li. Kerr. the book pu!> lUhcr, retire^ from any connection with the magazine, hls'interest having been purchased by Mr. Mcßride, and The Xew Time will no longer be com plicated with the publishing business. We congratulate The New Time on its well—deserved good fortune and pledge our best co-operation. Forward us a dollar for an annual subscription or take advantage of our club rate of $l.tili for a year's subscription to In" dustrial Freedom and The New Time. $1.10 for both to n.C'.C. members. Shall the Poor Have Butter. Shall the poor have butter': 1 This is a question that is agitating the minds of a Chicago charitable ass ociation. Some think the poor should be given butter, others say no. Why on earth should the poor get butter? Did not Gcd make the poor, and does he not love the poor? Did he not make them tv be poor, while those who dis pense charity belong to B different species of mankind entirely. The poor ought to be glad enough that-theyare allowed to live, to breathe the same air as the rich, to build the cities that the rich own, the palaces that the rich reside in. the luxurious coaches that the rich ride in. and make the silk and broadcloth that the rich wear and the thousand and one other nee* essarlei and luxerlei of life, i.-n't that sufficient without butter? If the chaltablj Incline* ■ oor butter i maj come a demand for meat and they might not be - d until they have just ;i- many and goad the i Ich, Shall the poor That Ih the question that threaten! to bring about tbi ruptlon oi this ( I lan charitable association. We anticipate however, that the matter compro mls< d ;", ■ olei argerine. —International Woodworker. The Greatest Issue- [1 is apparent that an attempt \a being made to divide the people on tin- relative merits of this or that man for United States senator.While nut undervaluing the Importance of ;i right cholc lor that important place we urge tin- much greater Importance to our statt- of securing the great pri mary system of Direct Legislation. Every time you speak let this sub ject form a part of your discourse. As it was the custom of Cato, the old Roman statesman, to end every speech with the phrase, "Carthago de lendum est"Carthage must be destroy ed, and which custom bore a perfect fruition by arousing pubic sentiment until Carthage was destroyed, so let It be the custom of every well-wisher of the future welfare of the state at the beginning of every public utter ance, or when discussing public affair* privately, to urge direct legislation; at the middlejdlscusa, and at the close of your discourse demand a constitu tional amendment to be voted on in l!»00 embodying that principle.— [Washington State. ;H., SATURDAY. AUGUST 27 1898, For Public Ownership. Last week the League of American Municipalities met at Detroit, some 1,000 mayors and aldermen attending, representing over 15,000,000 people. Mayor Me Vicar, the victorious can didate, a year ago, of the anti-ring forces of DesMoines, la., president of the league, said in part: "At the threshold of the agitation we are more concerned with the vital issue of the condition of the cities. It seems necessary as a preliminary measure to eliminate from our cities the private ownership of franchises for monopolies. The public must own and operate all plants for the supply ing of light and water. Probably it should extend its powers so as to take in street railroads, heating plants, telephone and other means of com munication. If these valuable fran chises, these splendid privileges, were reserved to the city, would not tht.' source of corruption which has cruised legislative bodies to become a byword among the people cease to exist. '•As long as the corporate interests operate these public utilities for prij vate gain, just so long will we have uncompromising opposition to civil service and good government. Re move lirst the incentive to this oppo sition which to my mind can be ac complished by removing cur public franchises from the public mart and a new era will dawn in which the best citizenship will be the dominant force of municipal government." Governor Pingree.in welcoming the league, said: "The final glory of this country will be the honest and capable govern ment of her cities. During my public life I have always claimed that the great body of our people are honest and wish to see the right prevail. The enemies of good government are to be fouud among those who claim to be the great aristocracy, but who use money and position to corrupt public servants and control legisla tive bodies. "Their power and Influence are so great that leagues must be formed to combat them and they must be fought to the death. The most vital ques tion is. How can you compel those who call themselves our beat citizens to take an active part in city affairs, in some other capacity than as mere fault flnderi?" But Prof. Frank Parsons' address on "Self Government for cities" wai the feature of the convention. He rigorously assailed the system, which he said gave class privileges at the expense of the whole citizenship. He suggested as remedies the initiative and referendum, womanjsuffrage and co-operative industries, instead of monopolies. He cited the charter of the city of San Francisco, recently adopted, as an example of material progress in the direction of practical reform.-[ldaho State Tribune. There is overproduction of every thing nowadays—even of children. Wo never do anything by halves, we always overdo it. We can't drink without getting intoxicated. We can't worship without losing our wits. I have been mercifully protected from excess in the way of reverence, partly by the variety of worthy object! presented to my dis tracted attention, but especially by an inherent tendency to examine critically the object. The human person is al ways taught to worship with his eyes shut, as an Indian regards his totem. Gods, governors and generals are far above his mortal and erring judgment. His hat comes off; his mouth comes open to gape or gasp or cheer. His knees are rubber us well as his neck: he bows and bends and (alls. He is com pletely hypnotized and hopelessly un done. Henceforth and forever he is t lie willing tool of his captor. The wor shiper of this class opens his mouth to praise and flatter, and shuts his mouth to beg ■■■'■ pray. lie loses his identity as an Independent mind, and becomes an astral shell, a mere echo of a strong er will into whose individuality his life forces have been absorbed. [New Dis pensation. The American voting king is a wise animal, and sometimes knows enough to come in out of the rain—l mean a literal rain, not a metaphorical one. I When Shatter look charge of Santiago In- inn Spaniards in all the city offices! Wouldn't let tile Cubans, nose liberty he was fighting for, come Inside the city gates! Put the enemy in charge of the administration of the city govern ment anil then roasted the Spanish mayor because he actually had the nerve to appoint a Cuban to a minor position! Bee the good terms upon which the Spanish and American mas ters meet! Their slaves killed each other, and then the bosses of the vic torious side give the bosses of the van quished side their good old jobs back! Again, 1 say the workingman is ■ hot blister.— [Coming Nation. I stand here, my friends, to urge that a new leaf bs turned over—that the labor class, instead of idly and blindly waiting for better circumstances and better times, shall begin at onco to con sider and discuss the means of controll ing circumstances and commanding times, by study, calculation, foresight, union.—[Horace Oreeley. Bundles of 10 or more to one addreti for one half cent per copy. Salaries Some Men Get. .1. M. Toucey, general manager of Vanderbilt system, gets 150,000 v year. C. M. Schwab, president of the Car negle Iron and Steel Company, gets $60,000 a year. I'rank Thompson, president of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, gets 130,000 annually. John A. McCall's salary as president of the Now York Life Insurance Com pany is 160,000 a year. Alexandei Miller, a^ent of one of the great steamship lines between New York and Liverpool, gets 150,000 salary. Conrad IT Mathieson gets f76,000 a year as president of the ChloftgO Suyar Kelininy Company, und he is only '.tl years old. Dr. William Bull, Dr. I'oik. Dr. Sims, and Dr. Wyeth. New York surgeons, have professional incomes of not less than 150,000 a year each. Manley M. Glllam was paid 112,000 a year tor writing the advertisements for John Wanamaker. lie is probably the foremost advertising writer in the world. J, J. Storrow, a Boston lawyer, who has made ;i specialty of electricity und electrical appliance* and patents, makes 1100,000 v year out of Ins knowledge. John E. I'arson yets 150,000 a year as attorney of the sugar trust. For organ izing the trust he was paid a fee of 1250,000, the largest single fee over paid an attorney. Dr. John Hall, psistor of the richett congregation in Now York city, has v salary of $:(O.<KH) a year, which is in creased to. 150,000 by his fees for christ enings, weddings, etc. Joseph Choat. the New York lawyer. Sets ftiO.lMM) a year as v retainer from the whiskey trust. His annual Income is said to be not less than 1300,000, mostly from great business combina tions. Preparing for the New France. By learning to manage the material interests of a single town, says the Pittsburg Oii-patch, Socialists are pre paring themselves for the administra tion and direction of the whole of France. The administrative oapacity of the Socialists ims astonished their foes as much as it has delighted their friends. Men like Dormoy, a metal worker, and Cttrrette, a weaver, who in the whole course of their lives had never been masters of 1100, between 1802 and 1898 were at the n< ad of the administration <>! towns whose yearly budget ranged from 9400,000 to 11.000, --o «i. to bring about reforms. For ex ample, at Roubalx all the children of the communal schools, 11,000 in num ber, are given free food and clothing, in part, by the Socialist municipality. Carrette and his municipal councillors have found means to meet the ex pense of these "cantines seolaires" without at all increasing the taxes that weigh upon the workers. —[Common- wealth. Big Socialist Vote. One of the greatest political surprises that has occurred in this country was the vote of the socialists in New Bed* lord, Mass.. at a special election for congressman on May Hist. The vote stood: Preen, rep. Ml; Randall, iml. rep. T.'tii: Skahan. socialist. T.'il: Luce, detn. 188. One year ago the socialist vote was only IM7. New Uedford is where the workers have got sick of the prosperity given them by their bosses and are beguiling to look out for them selves. They nave been on a strike against their bosses for a long time and now have adopted the use of their bal lots to help them nit justice. The SUO oesstul republican candidate in an in terview said: "The rote for :be social ist ticket Is surprising]) large and can not inn set reflecting people thinking." [Appeal to Reason. English Co-operation. The cathedral town oi Peterboro hai been the icene tiii- week oi the thirteenth anuual English co-opera tive congress. A lv •. c advance '■■ n ■■- litered upon lai I j eai '• B|furea,and the ■ummarlei foi \-'> ■ ami iv>7 come out this way; la IBU6, 1897, < 'o-oiht.il | \ i- -mi- etlei 1,741 i.-i.-, Shares I 87.734,020 03,0.">8,200 Sales 258,502,130 311,435,240 Profit 30,087.450 33,580,380 And all this h;i> sprung from the little teed planted in 1844 by fourteen Lancashire weavers who pooled their scanty spare cash. * How Populists Bland. Ten days before our state conven tion, to far as we have been able to learn, the remits of the state conven tions have been as follows: Againt fusion,—Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, lowa, Kentucky, Maine, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania. For fusion,—Oregon. North Caroli na, (where the democrats rejected fusion.—[Kuralist. That was ■ rood hit Senator Allen made when he -»id it would »kj time to talk of an Anglo-American alliance when England granted Ireland the free dom the i- entitled to by nature. Here is a eh—PS for Irishmen to camjwlgn for the freedom of the aul.l sod. They are ■ |x>iitieai influence in this country that can wield a power in this matter -[Appeal to .Hea*>n. BY RIGHT DIVINE. When royues would fill the humanrnffl With some transparent lie, They always claim it countersigned And sanctioned from on high, A ease will make this statementnlirf. The light divine of kings to relgn.l This lie was shot to death, in part A hundred years ajro: Hut now the tricksters seek to start An equal falsehood, so you hear pro> laimed by every fool The right divine of good to rule, Ere lony, when they grow bold enourt To make their purpose clear, And throw the mask of pretense off We may expect to hear The moneyed knaves make thi> apnJ The light divine of thieves to steal 1 seem to hear another cry That comes from all around, Beginning low, it rises high, A deep and growing sound, Thiii claims, in no uncertain tone, The. human right to have our own, That cry is tilled with dire distn ~ And angry discontent: With tones of want and wretchedoM While into these are blent Stern under voices, that demand The human ri^ht to life and land, Prom torrid zone to frigid snow.-. Tis heard in every place. It ever louder, deeper grows, Until it thrills the race; And thunders forth from sea to -. a The human right of liberty. No longer let us hear that fraud Is sanctioned from on high: No longer tell mankind that tioil Will consecrate a lie: But let this truth forever shine: The human rijrht is the divine. -J. A. Edgerton. I am still lecturing in the cau-eand intend to spend the next 3"ear in tht state of Washington in the Held. Will be up to see you some time this fall. Oregon. I'rof. C. M. Hawthorne. For ten years, dating- from tnv Uni versity days at Ann Arbor. Mich,. I have had ideas in common with your-. I was surprised to lind on coining here fifteen or twenty "kith and k.c" i Several B CC pins are worn hen and it would not be very hard to Indus several to make application. lowa. H. Lincoln Forbes, The third Missouri will not Porto Rico. And for the trueerc son. li appears thai tin- nt carries more life Insurance tha tlu regiments and thai the life ■•..■,;■ ance ootnpanies have used their enoe with the gov< rnmeni to pi the regiment from going Into tl ics where they would be BUbjei I fevers! What do you think of Life insurance companies virtue Coming commander-- of the arnn ! WLa: a great thing life insurance i>! i all the soldiers were heavily Insured I would prevent any forward BOVemeSt The oompaates care nothing for m( but dollars are very important to and the whole army must stop r.ithcr than that their profits should ootm ■■• even decrease! (ireat and powerful HI tho American corporations. [ A ]•]";». to Reason. William K. Hearst, proprietor of'te New York Journal, has gives his j .. to the government, manned it withi crew of pinked men at his own | pense. and is now himself lighting .■ der the stars and Stripes. Mark llama McKinlcy's particular friend, has fount enough time between hi- shouts! patriotism to sell hi- \acht to the _'uv ernmeiit for two and OOe-half timi - .'• actual cost. Hiaist i.- the anarch irii enemy of the government! Bam patriot! | Idaho Stats Tribune. Five hundred dollars fortheflrvt psj ment, and the steamboat launched. Send to National tarj I! t' ('. CO-OPERATIVE INSURANCE. We now have over $">.(Kk) worth »' prop liable to destruction by fire. Such loss would serious!) cripplo out work. In a few.weeks we will hsTji system of waterworks affording mud protection. At present we have m protection ut .ill. Hence we call <* each ii our more than '■<.<>■• mcioben to subscribe for as ii .ins of the tl *!iare of Insurance fund us he can pay« ■hort notice.") No money i- to be i»* in: but in case of lire eueh will In rauW on in proportion t<» th. amount oil to subscription. Si nil in your letter! • once, stutiuj,' how much you will take. Wo don 'l want in pay extortion!* rates 111 I III 1 old-ling companles.'aiid* ii>k our own members to carry this rl-k "HI their own fill UPC homos. Then «fl thiin In- no expense at all, except in«M of loss, and then me.ro.ly enough mone; to replace X. W. I .i:i;v< in ii, Sea Helen M. Mason, Tw* «'. h.Bwlqaiit. -m. W. 1., v. Nolan, Dihtril'iitir. W. ii. Kaufman, Wiwr. B.C. C. Buttons. Lapel buttons of beautiful dettP bcarfnjf the letters I!. C. O. are wort li.v our members to advantage. '■'•■' buttons, for the children, white f* women, and red for men, at 20 CW. each, cuff buttons .'(."> cents per pair. Order today. National Secretary otUce, Edison, Wash. How to Send Money. In making remittances, send l'°': Otllce Money orders for amount* one dollar and upwards; stamp* *'" be accepted for smaller amounts. I" no case send bank drafts or check* We will not accept them. Make yonr letters shorter, and wet print more of'em.