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I FREEDOM. L PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY THE BROTHERHOOD OF THE CO-OPERATIVE COMMONWEALTH lEntereil at the Postofltce.cEdNon. Skasctt I County, Wash., an second class mall matter.) Terms oj Subscription: One Copy, One Year 50 Six Months 25 foreign—sent by members— ll per year. EDISON, SATURDAY, SEPT. 3, '08. tgJTTHE subscription price of IN DUSTRIAL Freedom from this date will be 50 c;nts a year to everybody alike: 2,") cents for six months. ft ft ft Six HUNDRED THOUSAND French farmers (3,000,000 population) have united In 2,000 co-operative agricul tural associations, ft ft ft By the aid, of the socialists there was recently carried In the canton of Zurich, Switzerland, a bill to take a portion .a least of the "unearned In crement. ' Thus has Henry George begun the capture of the Mountain Republic. ft ft ft A Landlord. —The Czar of Russia receives $450,000 a day, and owns 21, --000,000 acres of land which bring in $10,000,000. All told, he has a little more than half the income of that democrat. Rockefeller. /*~ ft ft ft Socialism a Modern Ideal.— in the Democratic Herald Victor L. Berger makes the point that ancient commu nities were for consumption; while socialism means simply joint owner ship of means of production. Early Christian communities were support ed from the outside. Monks and nuns were consumers of far more than they produced, being largely supported by gifts. Christ taught brotherhood, which is the foundation of socialism, but co-operation in production is an other thing, \ ft ft ft Socialism in Saxony.—Below- we give the socialistic vote in Saxony, Germany, in 1893 and in 1898. Notice the wonderful gain: 1893. 1898. Social Democratic v0te270,tt54 299,000 Combined opposition.. 281,000 In Germany the socialist strength is in the cities. This year is the first time that the country laborers have cast socialist ballots. German plund erers know as well as their American cousins how to gerrymander, and so the cities, socialist strongholds, have only one-fourth to one-sixth as many representatives a- they should have. On a fair apportionment the social ists would have 120 instead of 57 mem ben*. In France the record stands: Socialist vote, 189ti (100,000 • " 1898 1,1 00,000 ft ft ft The World Moves. The most pessi mistic .'til- Is silenced and the hopes of all patriots are raised by the fact that the state democratic convention of Illinois adopted these two plank-: "In the interest of a government of the people, for the people and by the people, as against Hannaism, we de clare our faith in the initiative and referendum, and demand that steps be taken, upon the assembling of our next legislature, for proper constlu tional safeguards to secure the same. Recognizing the -that grow out of public monopolies, we demanc. mu nicipal ownership and control of all public franchises and all other natur al monopolies which of right belong to the people." Whatever anyone may say as to the sincerity of the invention adop ting these planks, there is consolation in knowing that direct legislation and public ownership of natural monopo lies have been endorsed by the dem ocratic party of one of our greatest states. Forward into line ! ft ft ft Why Farmers are Dissatisfied.—We give below a table of the percentages of returns (products) to capital of farms for 1870 and 1800. The figures are taken from the Year book of the Department of Agriculture for 1807, and so arc guaranteed by President McKlnley and Secretary Wilson. Per cent Product Group of states. ay. of Capital. South central states, l*Tii ii lv.m 20 Decrease of percentage of'product in 2'» years over one-third. Western states 20 .;,.•: •. 12 Decrease of percentage of product in 20 years over OffE-HALF. This decrease of l.» per cent in the southern states and of 10 per cent in the western .-tat. - means simply so much loss in V7AGES, for Inter* (or rent) has changed very little. Taking the exact figures of the government publication, a western farmer with a SI". 11 farm, received in 187012,800 grose; in I sub. from a 110,000 farm he received $1.200-a difference of $1,000! Vet during this same period the trusts paid dividends of 10 to 40 per tent on stock which was mainly j water. 1 Bro. Wayland Talks Free Trade.— We are glad to notice in the last Ap- « peal to Reason several slashes at that ! Old Man of the Sea, better known as "Robber Tariff." People have been so wearied with the "infant industry" i fake: the "one-tenth of one per cent" more or less: the "ad valorem" and "specific", rubbish, that many have come to feel weary whenever tariff or free trade is mentioned. As re freshing as a breath of mountain air. is the argument of Bro. Wayland, first made .popular by Henry George twenty, years ago, that a tariff (whether for revenue or protection) being levied on things mainly con sumed by the poor, is really a tax on poverty: while an income tax is a tax on wealth. For Instance, a man earn ing *2 per day will use as much sugar as will a millionaire—each uses all he wishes in his coffee. If each uses so lbs (bio lbs. for a family of live) and the tariff is :ic per »>., as it has been most of the time since the war, each will pay a tariff tax of $12. The workingman gets 1600 a year, or 1000, So small an income should : pay no tax at all: but he is robbed of 2 per cent of his income by the sugar tariff alone. Rockefeller re . celves 120,000,000 a year. As he uses ! no more sugar than Smith, he pays i no more sugar-tariff-tax. His $12 i sugar tax is only ONE-SIXTEEN THOUS ANDTH of his income! Hence Smith's tax, in proportion to his income, is [ 32,000 times as high as is Rockefel . ler's! Yet the chances are a hundred , to one that Smith has never thought '. of it. A "two-for-a-nickel" cigar pays as much internal revenue tax as a 60c Havana. Hence the clerk will pay as much tax as his employer. As \ between "tariff-for-re venue" and "tariff-for-protection," we have little choice. We demand the immediate : and absolute abolition of all indirect ' taxes, both tariff and internal reve nue, for all of them rob the poor. Five thousand families own half ' the wealth of the United States, and by direct taxation would pay one-half the taxes. By ' tariff and internal revenue taxa tion they pay but one four-thousandth Let all indirect taxes be abolished, and the national revenues raised by taxes on incomes and inheritances ; and we will soon be rid of both mil ' lionaires and paupers. Suppose we ; just reverse the present method and make Rockefeller's rate 32,000 times • as high as Smith's—make Smith's ' tax one one-thousandth of one per ' cent of his income: $i»00x.0lx.001— mills. Rockefeller's tax 32 per cent of \ his income. $20,000,000x-32x.01~50, --' 400,000. Down with indirect taxes that rob the poor. If we want protection let us give bounties for the produc tion of the desired articles, RAISING "_ THE MONEY Kin: Tin: BOUNTIES BY IN • come taxes ON THE RICH. Success to you, Bro. Wayland. ft ft ft A Bright Paper. "Self Reliance" is a bright paper j published In Cincinnati, 0., and devo ted specially to the labor exchange. Here are a few utterances on direct legislation from its last issue. . We are fast becoming a common wealth of millionaires and paupers. Opposition to direct legislation is , opposition to a government of the , people, by the people and for the peo .. ple. , The rights of the poorest, as well as . those of the richest, are respected and guaranteed under the initiative and referendum. - - \ The desire to serve "the classes" a ' against "the masse-" will be ineffect ual under- the reforms advocated by , the Union Reform party. If the people of < )hio had an oppor , r tunity to vote for United States Sen ator would Mark Banna now 'be en gaged in misrepresenting them? Direct legislation offers the voter the opportunity to vote on measures , and compels legislators to support the will of the majority. ' J If the people had the right to vote , on laws affecting them directly, do you think the Consolidated Railroad would have secured a fifty-year fran chise to our streets': c The question of the public owner " ship of public franchises can be set f tied by direct legislation. An impor • i tant Issue is imminent: Shall the gov -8 eminent own the railroads or shall • the railroads own the government? 1 We insist that the people have the right to vote directly for the Pres -1 ident of the United States, for the j United States Senators and for the ; Judges of tin Supreme Court of the l United States, and that each of these several officers should be answerable i directly to the people for their public l acts, t Direct legislation Is the only meth od so far advanced as .i measure of : government whereby the several re i forms most needed to rectify the In i equality of legislative discrimination r can be enforced through the will of ; the majority. , i if the people are not capable of . voting Intelligently on laws affecting > their interest and welfare, as it leal • leged, are they any more capable ' to vote for law-makers, or to create ■ 91 constitution'by their vote-, the • fundamental law of the land, and the , very foundation of ill laws enacted I under it'/ EDISON. SKAGIT COUNTY, WASH,, SATURDAY.. SEPTEMBER 31898, Farm vs. Trust.—-When the rich eat without working, we may be sure that the poor work with little eating. As tor's income of $10,000,000, with no work, means that 100,000 workers have each been robbed of $100. Here is a table from the Year Book of the- De partment of Agriculture, showing how the prices of farm products per acre have come down from 1870 to 1800 for the western states: ''■' "■ Price . Price LOSS Crop, per acre per acre per - in 1870. in 1800. acre. Corn $27 20 $13 .'SO 113 90 Wheat.... 16 is . '•• 03 523 Oats 20 01 11 'Hi * 8 05 Barley.... 10 US <» 31 7 37 Rye 17 14 8 51 8 63 lit ft ft • Direct Legislation mixed up with other demands is simply nonsense. Because you cannot get these other things. until you have first secured Direct Legislation, except by the old representative method, then there is no use in putting Direct Legislation in such platforms! It will not mix with other issues, but stands alone and superior to them all. — Bast Texas Reformer.. A few years ago we were content with a limited plank in a subordinate place in political platforms. Now we I are beginning to appreciate the force ' and imperativeness of Direct Legis lation. We want the whole thing. Make way for Direct Legislation, the path maker, the pioneer, the road-bed of all reforms, ft ft ft A World-Wide Democracy. With the close of the war will come new problems and a broadening of our national horizon. In the internation al struggle between monarchy and democracy the United States must take a part. Let no friend of The New Time be deceived. Militant mon archism is arrayed against the de mocracy of Europe and America. On the one hand is Russia — modern embodiment of autocratic monarchicalism—allied by ties of in terest with Germany, Austria, Italy and Spain. England is a monarchy only in name. Her colonies are re publics. Australia is the model de mocracy of the world. The House of Lords is but a myth. England's com ing prime minister is a socialist. London, by an overwhelming major ity, ha.- declared for the municipal ownership of all public utilities. Mon archy in England is but a form and exists only by sufferance. How about France? A republic in name, trembling on the verge of a military dictatorship with a declara tion for a king. France has made an open alliance with Russia. What an alliance! In the coming clash of arms the real France (which is dem ocratic), will assert itself, but her aristocracy will light with Russia. It is idle under these circumstances to talk of "peace with isolation" on so small a planet as this of ours. . There can be no peace without true and international democracy-, . and pray as we will and hope as we will we shall have to light for it. Before the impact of arms the ridiculous pre tensions of the German monarchy will crumble into dust. From the pend ' ing conflict England, France, -Ger many, Austria,ltaly and probably Jap ' an will emerge democracies in name ; and in fact. There will be drawn a ' new Mason and Dixon line, behind which monarchists shall tremble, 1 shrink and finally pass away. The New Tihie stands for an entang ling alliance with every democratic country in the world as against the extension or perpetuation of monar chy. It is working for the higher de velopment of democracy at home and has faith that the American peo ple are capable of meeting and solv- Ing such problems as may be evolved ' from the present war with Spain. —The New Time. • / 'ftft ft ■ """N, / An Illogical Position "The platform we advance for the ' union of Republican, Democratic, Populist, and other reformers and 1 patriots, is this: I_ Public ownership of all monopo ' lies, including the trusts and the land. II Complete civil service reform 111 Direct legislation, proportional • j representation, and imperative man • date. IV Immediateemployment of the unemployed upon public works.— lie. Ownership Review. Our friend shows a strange lack of • logic in his position, Would he have the party enact laws on planks i 2 and I, without the con sent of the people, and then adopt the initiative and referendum and allow the people to vote on all other re forms? If this is hi- position then he dis credits the initiative and referendum, showing that hi- dees not consider it a good enough method for settling the three reforms in Which he is interes ted. If this li his position he In effect says to all other reformers: "The Ini tiative and referendum is good enough for settling the minor reforms In which you arc Interested, but it is not j good enough to be used in the settle ment of the great reforms In which l am Interested. If this is his position bow can he ex pect other reformer- to accept as a method of securing the reforms in which they are Interested, a method ' which he is not willing to accept as a method of securing the reforms in which he is interested? | How much equality would there be j in a union effect 2d on that sort of a . basis';' If on the other hand, his position is that the initiative and referendum is , to be adopted as the method for secur ing the reforms mentioned in planks 1 2 and 4, why insert those planks at all? If it is the intention to make the people believe that the party will en act those reforms into law, then the party will be going before the people on a false pretense. It will be pre tending that it is going to enact cer tain laws when in fact it proposes to to adopt a system which will deprive the party of the power to-adopt them. If his purpose in selecting these special reforms to go in the platform is to give them the benefit of the ad vertising they will thus get, then the advocate of every other reform has an equal right to claim that his reform shall have the benefit of the same sort of advertising. And if that is started we will have the same old controversy over, which is the greatest? Each reformer will insist that his special reform must go in, and each one will demand first place. The more we study the subject the more we are driven to the conclusion that if the initiative and referendum is to be made a basis of union as a method of securing reform, it must be made equally applicable to all re forms. The moment you attempt to divide up and say that these reforms must be accomplished by party action, and those must be accomplished by the initiative and referendum, you go into endless contradictions and incon sistencies. If the initiative and referendum is a good way for securing any reform, then it is a good way of securing every reform. If there is any reform which cannot properly be secured by that means, then there is no reform which should be adopted by that means. a o SOCIALISTS SHOULD VOTE FOR LOCAL OPTION IN TAXATION. To the kindness of a friend I am indebted for several copies of your Interesting paper from which 1 have gleamed useful information pertaining to your efforts in the direction of solv ing some of our social problems. Whilst fully appreciating the particu lar purposes for which the Industrial Freedom is issued, I would respectfully suggest —that you do not forget to aid the efforts of those who are striving to secure the success of the local option in taxation amendment, which comes to an i.-sue this coming tall. i am afraid many ol us who look ahead to collectivism are too prone to silence and neglect of preliminary re forms, which us practical beings we must recognize are necessary steps to still greater reforms. This point can not be overlooked without being guilty of retarding ultimate justice. Reasoning thus, I would plead for your active sympathy and aid for one of the most necessary reforms. To some it may appear at first sight as a question of little import but which, on the contrary, is of very big importance to every one of us. ' Its very simplicity deceives us almost, but in that sim plicity there lit a power for great and lusting good. Need I mention at all what this taxation amendment aim- at? Just a word of two anyway. The adop tion of this amendment local option in taxation) first of all is a recognition of the people's right to self-government, that Is, in determining for themselves by municipal votes, whether they shall continue to tax ail real 'estate am! per sonal property, thus helping landlord- Ism and hurting Industry as at present Is the case, or whether they shall deter mine as they ought to determine, that land values only should be taxed and , not the products of human labor which ■m rightfully private property. Every municipality having the right to say how their taxes shall he levied, it is only a matter of a little time, when com mon sense will dictate the policy of tax ing land vain,- ami landlordism, in stead of taxing those who are industri ous and thrifty. 1 venture to say that when land -..li ues are made the sole basis for revenue , —National, State, County and Munici- , pal, land monopoly will have been so completely killed, that honest Industry ami toil having begun to receive what it unjustly has been deprived of, will not stop from destroying monopoly vul tures until we have All gained the absolute Justice ami freedom which they are fighting for. We have got to absorb the great army of unemployed to shorten the hours of labor, to In crease wages to full product of toil and , to make possible happy and comfortable , homes for all who desire them. These results can be obtained, I firmly believe; when all natural opportuni ties me thrown open ami treed from the grasp of that monopoly which as , i ordinal Mannlngsald, "means hunger, thirst, nakedness, notice to quit, labor spent in vain, the toil of years seized upon, tie breaking up of homes, the misery, sickness, deaths of parents, children and wives * * * when legal force, like a sharp harrow, goes over ! the must sensitive and vital right of < mankind. All this is contained in the > land question." A. J. Bbyax. h Toronto, Ontario. • L .... . . . ■ Benefits of Co-operation. Every day the superiority of col lective over individual ownership is made more and more mani fest to the denizens of Equality in the immeasurably greater benefits resulting therefrom than from an equal amount of exertion and expense in individual life. It is the experience of the writer, corroborated by the testimony of all the other colonists with whom he has come in contact, and fortified by the figures to that effect, that nowhere in the United States can as much be gotten out of a $100 investment as right here in Equality. To specify, illustrate and compare with the outside: A takes his $100, starts out pioneering on his own hook, buys enough land to support a small family, and has nothing left; or very little. Then he .has. to g-»t-oat and rustle for a grubstake or learn to live on air. B on the other hand comes to Equality, invests $100 in a member ship therein, gets a home from the first moment of his arrival, has an equal interest in all* the land, ma chinery, stock, crops, etc., has shel ter, food, medicine and medical- at tendance from the colony physician, schooling for his children, heating, lighting, recreations, such as dances, literary and musical entertainments, excursions and picnics by wagon and boat, together with reading matter, writing materials, barbering, laundry work, mending of both footgear and clothing, and in case it is necessary free nursing from his or her com rades in the colony. All this coming to him out of the common fund, and in addition to this an allowance of 86 cents per week to each adult and a smaller one to each child, for the pur chase of such articles as are not pro vided by the colony in the common fund. All of this for an investment of $100, together with the labor of the investor. This is not quite all either. In case a member needs a new gar ment or a pair of shoes, he only has to pay for the raw material, the making up being done by our own shoemakingor tailoring department free of cost. And yet depite all this we have ac tually had visit us outsiders in hu man form, who stated that they would like to join a colony, but ob jected to Equality because they could not be provided with individual houses with kitchen and dining rooms, and one or two went so far as to demand their own individual garden, cow, poultry, etc. Great Cajsar's ghost! did these peo ple ever hear of or use figures a "lit tle bit?" Guess not. If they had they would realize what an Insignifi cant sum of money is $100 when a fel low starts in to build a home and bring up a family on said amount in dividually. The greatest wonder of the day at Equality is how In thunder do we get so much out of so little? But here is the secret. In addition to what we gain through co-operative methods, we live in plain houses, eat plain food, wear plain clothes and don't booze at all. Kent is knocked out as are water and gas bills, and everybody is at work. Although but a few months on the ground a large proportion of our sustenance is de rived from our own products, and there is a fixed determination on the part of the Equalityites not to prove recreant to the trust reposed in us by our reserve comrades.but to go ahead and build homes for them just as we promised to do, no matter how great the obstacles. It is the unanimous sentiment at Equality that every cent contributed by the reserves should be applied to the real object for which this associa tion was organized the work of building homes lor the homeless. Comrades, theoretical work must be superseded by practical. The beef propaganda work on God's earth Is such as clearing land, digging ditches, putting up shelter and machinery, etc. Talking and writing will never do this, but muscle and elbow grease can and will, and don't you forget It. Labor shall rule this world, lots of of It of the hardest kind has to be done at Equality for some time to come. And again, we advise all our Comrades who are unprepared either mentally or physically to tackle a full grown pioneer proposition to de fer their coming until the rough has been worn off by the advance guard of mudsills. Member or Equality Colony. ♦ We don't wonder at republican con ventions recording their opposition to direct legislation, as the Stevens county convention did. when complete bosslsm dominates the party in this state, as shown by the action of the republican county convention lately held In Spokane, where the chairman of the convention,a tool of John L. Wilson, named a committee who were to select delegates to the state con vention at their own sweet will and pleasure. Capital. ' • But as the million debars goes to .1, Pierpont Morgan he buys more 13,000 pups and $".,000 yachts. The only way to abolish this national folly is for the people to own and operate their railroads. LETTERS FROM MEMBERS, Good Wishes. Enclosed please find 50 cents forth Industrial Freedom. . Good results I your noble cause. ' S. W. Voje, Member of the S. D. of a Encouraging. Enclosed find money order for MM $3 on my membership, and a frieJ gave me $1 for the organization to use as I desired. ■"'. CCalifornia." T. T. Frickstad. Every Little Helps. Please find P. O. order for 50 cents. for whatever fund you think best use it for, and a few stamps to heln along the correspondence. You cat count me in on two one dollar share, insurance. lowa. h W. S. Godsey. $5 for Fire Insurance. jAs I am 'well pleased with vow plan of fire insurance, ' please raj* me down for five shares. I will pa» my part of the loss if any should hap. pen. lam very glad to read of you progress out there and to see howfajt your paper, Industrial Freedom, ha» improved. , Pennsylvania. N. A, Rosen, In the Highways and Byways. Xos. 1 and 2 are before me. Their columns are full of the right senti ment. I have sent extra copies where they may do the most good. Lan preaching socialism wherever 1 can get a listener on the street, in mt home, or at my neighbors and every where. Ohio. j: A. Friend. . ' H.,;-' . ■ - ' McKinley's on de Throne. Tune "In de Year o' Jubilo." Say. comrades, hah you seen McKinlti A sittin' on de throne, A bossin' things wid I air so lofty As if it war his own? He saw a chance to make a fortune, And he'll git too. perhaps; But we'll boost him high as de\ hur, old Hanna If we have no more mishaps. Chorus— McKinley's on de throne: lie thinks it all his own: Mark 1 lamia's now his right-hat bower. But dey can't run things alone. Dar'l bon'l and gold in de F. S. trey lire. And de I'lules dey ail hab some: But dere agony by Sere gold der'i: measure, When de\ see de Kingdom's coma Ob de workingmen dey mand submi: --' ■ion; But we'll obertrow diir rule. Tho dey may again,lock Debs in prim An' suppress our public school. Chorus Be Rothschilds think dey soon mil! hold us In de hollow ob dar hands: But dey need not think we'll eber si render Our dear, our blood-bought lan'-. Di- country's bonded to (de Englun', And in gold she wants de pay; But de debt'- so big we nobbcr can p. it . • If she waits till do judgment day. < 'bonis - [Mrs. Annie Laura McDonald. ORGANIZATION DEPARTMENT. MTV. GEO. CANDEE, NAT'I. OBOAXIZB All communications pertaining tow ganlsingand lecture work should btii dressed to the national organizer, Ffci Ceo. I .in.:, c. 1017 Detroit Ave..Tulsa Ohio. The following members have M commissioned to act as deputy orjrsni r-: E. D. Festner, 603 Dike St.. ('orai ton. Ky. llev, L. E. Einley, Rriee. Ohio. Malta 1 Setno Jones, Xorcros.sCi I lev. A. A. Worsley, Sylvania. Wis X. A. Quale, 618 Mifflin St.. Madia* Wis. W. t'. Lewis, Amethyst, Colo. N. ('rossland, Blue Island, 111. Fred Elehholtz. Edison, Wash. John Cloak, ltd Harbine Aye, M ton. Ohio. I li. 11. Hart, 1672 Indiana Aye., M do. Ohio. « in- M. Hawthorne. Roseburg.On Pitt Whited, Jackson, Mich. Tom Pltton, 171 Delavan Aye, W 'a:... N. V. J. W. Fairchild, Mi/pah. Kv. llev. A. D. Hal,-, Raskins, Ore. ('. Bishir, Hutchinson, Kan. Rev. Thoo. a. Johnson, Ru.shmon Ohio. Thomas Hiekling. Box loti. Sand* ky. Ohio. Miss Helen J. We-eott. ManhatW Kan. 11. C. C. LECTURE BURKAI'. The following members have expw* ed their willingness to answer emM ' lecture in the interest- ,it Socials^ ami the Brotherhood. For terms, d*lt" etc., write direct to Lecturers Miss Helen I 'otter (the noted iraptf sonatori, Hotel Pelham, Boston. Mm Mrs. Marion 11. Dunham, Burling* lowa. , I.- Vi S. Lewis. 612 Hamilton St.* bam . X. Y. h Mrs. Clara C, Hoffman, .110 Hi*'* Building, Kansas ( it>. Mo. - Mr-. (Catherine Lento Stevenson, I» Temple. Chicago. 111. 0 ... Mrs. Josephine L. Church, IM* D* St., Toledo, Ohio. .. Rev. .1. Stilt Wilson. -J."'-' IV. Chief Aye., Chicago, 111. ,r . Mrs. L. G. Johnson, 4323 ForestvU Aye., Flat 29, Chicago, ill.