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"A labor paper is a far better
advertising method than any ordin ary newspaper in cornperisan with circulation, A labor paper for ex ample, having 1,000 subscribers is of more value to the business man who advertises in it. than ordinary papers with 10.000 subscribers." VOL. XIX. THE STORE THAT SAVES YOU MONEY. Silk Sale Friday 9 a. m. 1500 Yards of Plain Colored and Fancy Silk Qualities Worth Up to $1.50 Yard. Chiffon Taffeta, 27-incn wide . Black Peau de Soie 27-inch wide. Satin Finished Messaline . . . Fancy Silks of all Kinds . . . Our Semi-Annual Mill End Sale Now in Full Blast Dolson & Cleaver THE STORE THAT SAVES YOU MONEY. Phone Ind. X 217 Sunset 217 1718-20 Hewitt Everett, Wuh. MURRAY'S SHOE STORE Union Made Shoes For the Whole Family Ask For Huiskamp Bros. Shoes For Women and Children Ask For Brennan Shoes For Men MURRAY'S SHOE STORE 1707 HEWITT AYE. Phones; Ind. 299Y, Sunset 1162. Patronize Home Industry By Drinking Everett Brewing Co.'s PURE MALT BEER Manufacturers of PURE CRYSTAL ICE UNION IDE SHOES A. J. BATES SHOES $3.00, $3.50 and $4.00. KNEELANDS SHOES $4.00 and $5.00. Alden Walker & Wilde Shoes $3.50, $4.00 and $5.00 STACY ADAMS SHOES $6.00. UNION MADE WORK SHOES D $2.50 and $3.00 Home Shoo Store "Owned in Everett" R. E. BROWN R. W. MANNING ■ THE LABOR JOURNAL The Official Paper of the Everett Trades Council DEVOTED TO THE INTEREST OF ORGANIZED LABOR EVERETT, WASHINGTON,THURSDAY. FEB. 11. 1909, ABRAHAM LINCOLN WAS LABOR'S BEST FRIEND The Great Emancipa tor's Views Regard ing Most Preplexing Questions of the Masses that Toil. By Secretary-Treasurei, John M. Love, in Plumber's Gas and Steam Fitters' Journal. This month brings the centennial an niversary of the birth of the Great Emancipator, Abraham Lincoln —friend of labor and phophel of the people. Organized labor lakes a special and keen interest in this tribute to the Emancipator, and it- representatives will be foremost amongst those to ten der homage in his memory, tor Lincoln -lands in relation to the working-men. as none other in the succession of presi dents befor or after him has done, or could do. The industrial conditions that hedge us now are vastly different from those which prevailed iv his day, and iii view of ihe momentous transition that has taken place some of his utter ances ns to Capital and Labor seem now lo have been born of tne gilt of phoph ccy. Lincoln, greatest of presidents, was pre-eminently the man of the people. nol merely because he sprung from them, but because when he attained to his highest station lie remained true to them and lo himself, his human sym- ; pnthies always broadening as his ex perience ripened and his field of vision' increased its horizon. In his most -ol emu utterances he more than once in jected the reminder that his father had! been humble, poor and unlettered, and thai he. tho son, had begun as a literal hewer of wood. Labor'- atlititde in the matter was Impressively declared by the late con vention at Denver. The subject of the Lincoln Centennial, and of Labor's debt \ of gratitude to the memory of the Em ancipator, was brought up in the ex haustive report of ihe Executive Conn eil, in which it was stated thai it would be proper and appropriate for organized labor to join in the movement to make the birth-place of Lincoln a permanent Mec.-a of the American people, to urge on Congress and tlic different state leg islatures, that his birthday should be made an annual legal holiday, ami that on the occasion of the centennial now near at hand- -February 12th —or- ganized labor should, wherever exped ient .observe the day by cessation from work as well as by participation iv the public exercises where possible. Ihe re port called for a special committee to consider and report on the matter. This committee of fifteen later made report, emphatically echoing the four chief recommendations of the Ex ecutive Council ;i- to observance of the centennial, the dedication of his birth place, and Ihe inemoralizing to have his birthday perpetually set apart ;i- n national holiday. The committee quot ed at length from the saying-, speeches and writings of the Emancipator, in cluding his secotid 'inaugural aUdYess in lull, lo -how how close was his sym pathy- with the needs and aims of the toiling mas-c- a- represented by organiz ed labor today. The committee con cluded it- report by the recommendation that the convention adopt it and its recommendations by rising vote, and it was one of the solemn and significant moment- of the great convention when every delegate arose to his feet in mute approval of the tribute lo the martyr president. Throughout the country lo cal labor bodies arc following up the spirit of the Federation's action by ar ranging to take part in the Centennial observance. It may be well, however, lo make il clear that insofar as the res olutions adopted refer to cessation of work February 12th, it is merely in the form of si recommendation, and union men are to be governed by their own choice, or by the conditions which hedge them, in making the centenary a boll day or ot hervvise. it is timely to recall Lincoln*l oft reiterated declaration that no couit, not even the Supreme court of the l'nited Stales, is infallible, nnd that even the rulings of that august body are not al ways to be aceeptcd as a final pro nouncement on the subject at stake. lie was emphatic ill this, wliih' vieM iiif; to no ono in his respect far tho judicial brunch of t lie govei nmcnt. Tie Abraham Lincoln, the Emancipator. ! ' frequently cited President Jackson's Iprecedent in the historic National Hank ease. Thus in a speech in Chicago in | is.",* he said, referring to the Supreme court's statu-, and distinguishing be tween an ab-tract judicial pronounce ment and what In- termed a rnle for political action, he declared. "Why. this Supreme court once de cided a National Bank to be constitu tional, but General Jackson, a- presi dent of the L'nited states, disregarded 'the decision and vetoed the bill for a rccharter, partly mi constitutional I grounds, declaring that the Supreme | court had no right to lay down :i rule to govern a co-ordinate branch of tho ! government." ()n this same subject .it Cincinnati a 'year later he enunciated this, "'lhe pen pie of the United State- arc the right ful masters of both congresses ami courts, not to overthrow the constitu tion, but to overthrow the men who j pervert the constitution." And here is a ringing utterance made iv 1801, when he was president of the United state-, whose pertinent application ni the pres ent day |a self-evident. "The candid citizens mu-t confess thai if the policy of i lie government upon \ital questions affecting the whole peo ple, is to be irrevocably fixed by de cision- of the upper court, the instant they are made in ordinary litigation, between parties in personal actions, the people will have ceased to be theii own 'rulers, having to that extent practically resigned their government into the hands of that eminent tribunal." Lincoln not only on repeated oi..i sions proclaimed hi- sympathy with the cause of labor imperfectly organised in his time, but on one occasion digress ed to congratulate a courageous bind of strikers and to declare his approval of their method of rcsistinu capitalistic op* piession. This was in a speech al New Haven. Conn., in IMO, a strike of shoe makers being then on in that city. The future president -aid to a genera] aud ience, referring to the strike agitation: "I am glad to see that a system of labor prevail- here in New Kngland un der which laborers can strike when they w ant to, w here I hey are not obliged to work under all circumstances, mi l are not tied down and obliged to labor whether you pay them or nol." This was circumspect from a candi date who could not afford lo alienate votes, but how the employing baron- Of the time did lash themselves into fury about it!.ln a letter from the White House to the workinguicn of London. Bag., in 1868, he said it seemed to have developed upon the American people to test "whether a govemmeni establish ed on the principles of human freedom can be maintained ag'ain-t an effort to build one upon the exclusive foundation of human bondage." And in his i in, inn ali -peech he declared 'The working men are Ihe basis of all government s foi Ihe plain reason that they ate tb. more numerous." In one Of liis earliest i ecordo* I speech aa the Emancipator set forth the view ORGANIZED LABOR TO TAKE ACTION AT ONCE ns tn the rights and dignity of lalmr from which ho never in later life de viated, ami he did it with the epigram matic force that made his utterance' immortal. "It has so happened," he said, "in all ages of the world .that some have labored, and others have without lalmr enjoyed n large proportion of the profits. This i- wrong and should nol continue. To secure to each laborer the whole product of his labor, or as nearly as possible i- a worthy object of any good government." Hut Lincoln's most significant, most momentous ut terances on capital and labor i- in corporated in n state document, hi* first annual message to congress in 1861. In that historic document he wrote these words: "There is one point with Its connec tions nol SO hackneyed as most others to which I ask brief attention. It is the effort to place capital on an equal footing with, or above, labor, in the structure of government. It is essumed tha| labor is available only in connec tion with capital: that nobody labors unless somebody else owning capital, somehow by the use of it. induces him to labor "' * Labor is prior to and| independent of capital. Capital is only ' the fruit of labor, and could never have existed if lalmr bad not first existed. Labor U the superior of capital, and de serves much the highest consideration. Nb men living are more worthy to be trusted than those who toil up from poverty: none less inclined to take or touch aught which they have not hon estly earned. Lot them beware of sur rendering D political power which they already possess, and which if surrend ered will surely be used to dose the door of advancement against such as they, and to fix new disabilities and burdens upon litem till all of liberty shall be lost." There is a fundamental principle of economics, which a President of the United States nearly half a century ago 'felt it necessarx to enunciate in a state paper, and there are instance- every da\ that that principle remains purposely unrecognised in this day and generation Iby some who pose as the leaders of the people. Labor may well take pail, ami a prominent part, in the observances to which the week centering about Febru ary ttth bas been dedicated. And labor should embrace this op|iortunity to (jive a new and determined impetus to the movement to have the Emancipator's birthday forever dedicated as a national holiday. There is no other day in the dslendar so deaumlug of this distinct ion The people want this honor shown ihe memory of the greatest American ami organized labor by piomvring a movement to have the day so con-ecra led. would not only win the point but would convex a Useful lesson to those iv statecraft who aspire to onntompor anion- power and a lutute niche in the hills of fame. Attend tho Shingle Weavers' Ball at rnHaaaai Kink. Pihmarj isth. 1000. The merehont who does not ad vertise nt nil may or may not be your friend, fellow-worker, but it la n foregone conclusion that he who liberally patronizes the columns of all other papers and refuses to ad- N.-iti-.,' in trß labor paper, is not looking for the workingman's pat ronage, does not wish it, and is not desirous of your friendship. Will Call Mass Meet ing Relative to the Conditions Arising at the High School Building The weekly meeting ol tho city cen tral body are being better attended at I the present time than for months past. At the last session the ball was filled with delegates from the several unions and there were many visitors. A communication was read from C. R. Case, president of the Federation of , Labor, telling the week'- happenings lat Olympia from a lalmr legislative standpoint. These weekly letters are i full of interesting information for union men and are much appreciated. j Shingle Weavers' reported the forma tion of a county organization of locals | with county conventions every three ! months and will put an organizer In the field. Eighth annual ball will be given in Coliseum rink. Feb. Ist b. Laundry Worker-. 2 applications. Cook- and Waiter-. ."> initiations, 1 by card. Annual dance the 17th of March. Barbers, 1 initiation-. Saw Mill Workers will give a social in Labor Temple on Friday night of this week. All union men and their wives are welcome. Brother Chisholm, of the Machinists | was appointed as a permanent member of the Strikes and Boycott Committee. Commnnication was received from the Painters stating that they had placed F. .I. Mott and F. E. Morrificld on theii unfair li-t. Trade- Council concurred in their action and ordered their mimes published in the Labor Journal unfair I list . A committee was present from the Building Trades Council to take up the matter of the high school building. Same has been placed unfair by the Carpen ter- union owing to the determination of tin' building contractor to construct the building on the open shop basis. It was brought out in the discussion that followed that if tlii- was allowed to continue it would mean that the town would be filled up with unfair workmen from the outside who in the majority of cases would be men without families who would contribute nothing to the building up of the town but would take the work away from our own people who build their home- here, pay the city's taxes, educate their children, and make it possible for the city to be live md progressive. It seemed inconceiv able to those present who listened to this, discussion to believe that the busi nessmen of the city if they properly un derstood what this means to the busi ness nml industrial life of the city would allow tin- -tate of affairs to continue. Ii was finally decided by the Coun cil in appoint it committee of five to act in conjunction with a like commit tee from The Building Tradea Council to arrange for a public man meeting in the near future to discus- this ques tion. This joint committee is working on the matter and the result will be a public meeting in a ihort time in one of the large balls of this city. Com petent speakers will In- secureil ami this meeting will be thrown open to every class of people of this city. Business men, professional men. laboring men— every citizen ami tax payer of the city of Everett who is interested in its growth ami development will lie n«ked to participate. The labor movement waa bora of hung or tot bread in the hoginnlagi It is still a hunger, bul new it is for the better things of life better education, hotter iileals, higher possibilities ami a higher place in the teale of civilization. Samuel Qompera, So. 6.