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THE LABOR JOURNAL
Mention the Journal to th.> merchant who solicits your patron age through these columns. VOL. XIX. Carpets and Draperies Something of special interest in our Carpet Department — Something in New Goods-Something in New Ideas — Something in New Prices. Call in and In spect Them. We are pleased to show you whether you buy or not Barron Furniture Co. 2815-17 Colby Aye., Everett MURRAY'S SHOE STORE Union Made Shoes For the Whole Family Ask For Huiskamp Bros. Shoes For Women and Children Ask For Brennan Shoes MURRAY'S SHOE STORE 1707 HEWITT AYE. Call for them Have You Tried the Wm. Blackman It is an ideal UNION MADE cigar, as good as the name. 'iUteeUrtcT "AMon, Walker <H WiMe" Stacy Adams <& Co., All Union Made Hone Shoe Store R. S. BBOWN GRAND THEATRE Ind. 'Phone 2UX. "The House of High-Class Entertainatent. ENTIRE CHANCE OF PROGRAM SUNDAYS-TUESDAYS-FRIDAYS Continuous Performances, Admission lOcts For Men Phones; Ind. 299Y, Sunset 116 a. Cigar Union Made Shoes For the Whole Family Shoes and Oxfords $2.50, $3.00,13.50 $4 up to $6 WiU buy Just What You Want "Owned in Everett" R W. MANNING MENS 1509 Hewitt Aye. THE LABOR JOURNAL THE OFFICIAL PAPER OF THE EVERETT TRADES COUNCIL Devoted to the Interest THE JAPANESE RESTRICTION DOES NOT RESTRICT SHOW MEN ORGANIZED Chorus Girls Need Union — S Hands Vnited. E. IL Springer, stage carpenter, and Claude E. Rader, property man, both con nected with the "Mills of the Gods" company were visitors at the Labor Tem plo last Sunday afternoon. Mr. Spring er belongs to Los Angeles local and Mr. Rader to Boise Idaho, local of the The atrical and Stage Hands Alliance. Both of these gentlemen are. enthus iastic unionists and in conversation with the editor of the Journal made the fol lowing statements: "Theatrical people generally are becom ing very much interested in organization and our union is growing fast. We have now 155 locals of the Theatrical and Stage Hands Alliance and we are coming fast. All signs point to the formation of a strong union among the actors, as they have seen the benefit organization has been to our own members and to all other organized crafts. There is no branch of the theatrical profession which needs the protection of a union more than the chorus girls and if they were once or ganized they would stick like glue. They are clannish and quick to resent an in justice and if they could be imbued with the union spirit they would form a pow orful organization in the theatrical world." Good luck to the theatrical people and their union. G. N. TEAM PLAYS CLASSY BALL Despite the zero weather prevailing in sporting circles in Everett, several ama teur teams have commenced the season and are playing a good article of ball. For several seasons a team composed of workmen from the O. N. shops have been giving various amateur teams through out the county a run for their money. Last summer they finished with nearly a clean record, having walloped with but few exceptions, every aggregation of ball tossers they met. Last Sunday they played their first game of 1009 against the fast Marysville team, gotten to gether by Janaa the old Everett player and cleaned them up by a score of 11 to 4. Sheeman nnd Parsybok were the battery for Everett and but four hits were made off Sheeman, while the G. N. boys touched the Marysville fbnger for 10 hits. Seven errors were chalked up ngainst Marysville as against one for tho G. X. The machinists made a noise like a real ball team and are reported to be especially strong with the willow. This team is open to engagements with any amateur team and would like to hear from some of them. They play in Skyknmish next Sunday. Everett fans who would like to see this team and other teams in action will haw to follow them around the country until such time as somebody with real money comes forward aud starts a movement to build a Iml! park in this city. FIREMEN'S PENSION BILL Rep. J. E. Campbell is the recipient of the following letter from the fire depart ment of Seattle: Seattle, Wash., March 27, 1900. •T. E. Campbell, Rep., Everett, Wash- Dear Sir:— At a regular meeting of the Board of Trustees of the Seattle Fire Department Relief Association the committee elect ed to attend fireman'sdelegat ion at Olym pic in the interests of the Firemen's Pen sion Bill reported that Rep. J. E. Campbell, of Everett, Wash., rendered valuable assistance in the interest of the Firemen's Pension Bill therefore the fol lowing resolutions were adopted: Whereas, Representative J. E. Camp bell, of Ever?tt, Wash., aided the fire men's delegation in every way possible, and rendered valuable assistance in the interest of our pension bill and Whereas, Representative J. E. Camp bell east his vote in favor of passage of Senate Bill No. 110, on February 27th, 1900, therefore be it Resolved, That the Secretary of I his association mail to Representative J. E. Campbell of Everett, Wash , a copy of these resolutions signed by the Board of Trustees, of tho Seattle Fire Depart ment Relief Association, expressing our most sincere thanks for his valuable as sistance in assisting us to secure the |siHs*ge of the Firemen's Pension Bill. R. D. N ORRIS, Pres. W. 11. CLARK, Becy. PKTER P. KUMPF, Vice Pre* J. W. i \ K\t It 'It \ I I Tttrnm. (iUB NEHRLAS. 0. W. QILHAM. EVERETT, WASHINGTON, THURSDAY, APRIL 22, 1009. A Menace to \A/hite Labor They Swarm this Coast California Once Friendly to Japanese Pay Dearly For Friendship Many eastern newspapers m to be highly indignant that the nut i Japanese agitation on the Pacific coast does not cease and bitterly denounce the labor ag itators and the "yellow press" because they continue to cry for rigid Asiatic exclusion. It is a pity that some of these "peace, peace at any price" gentlemen could not be forced to live in California for a few years nnd lie compelled to compete with Mr. Jap for a livelihood. We are safe in saying that they would very soon become ' labor agitators." It is not mere bravado that prompted the people of California to almost defy the authority of the Federal government. It was the desperation of a people wag ing a losing fight for their food and drink against the yellow skinned people of Asia. There are no more loyal Am ericans—none who would sacrifice more for the honor of their flag—than these Californians. A people who will rise against the powers of graft and evil as they aro doing in San Francisco now, stand as the highest type of American citizenship. The writer was in Los Angeles a little over two years ago at the time when the ant i-Japanese agitation was at its heighth. When the San Francisco del egation was summoned to Washington by President Roosevelt to settle the school question which had apparently al most precipitated war between the two nations. In hotel lobbies, in barber shops, on the streets, everywhere, Jap anese aggression was the sole topic of conversation. So incensed were the citi zens of that stale that they would have been ready to declare war upon Japan alone nnd unaided. This feeling existed among all classes of people, among sober minded men who knew what was meant by war. It was something more than simple race prejudice that was responsi ble for this state of affairs. California is not t-he only state that suffers from the unfair competition of the Japanese. It exists in a small de gree perhaps in every Pacific coast state. On the G. X. railway system in our own state for instance, where white section crews have been given a reduction in wages and Japanese crews given an in crease. In Spokane a year ago during panicky times when white labor walked tho streets in idleness while every Jap enese in the city was working. We were solemnly assured by the Fed eral government, a few months ago that through negotiations between the two governments immigration of Japanese la bor to our shores would be stopped. Had this promise been kept the people of the coast states would have been sati-fied and the menace to white labor removed. But everybody knows that immigration has scarcely been restricted and the Federal government knows it as well. Congressman Hayes of California can hardly be called a "lalvor agitator." On the contrary, he is a large employer of labor. But he is a man of good impulses and loyal to the interests of his state and he knows the menace to American workingmen of Asiatic labor and he also knows that the degrcdation of American labor means serious injury to Ameri can institutions. He delivered in the Houso of Representatives on the 15th day of last February, a speech on "Ex clusion of Chinese and other Asiatics." Read what he says in regard to ex cluding Japanese: "So far as excluding Japaaaaa w con cerned, there seems to be no attempt to execute the law. The immigration act of 1007 provides in substance that when in the opinion of the president of the I'nited States alien laU>rers from our island |M)ssessions or from contiguous foreign territory are entering the Unit ed States to the disturbance of labor con ditions therein, he may hy proclamation forbid the entry into this country of such laborers. In accordance with this law the president of the United States immediately after its passage issued his proclamation forbidding the entry of such laborers from Hawaii. Mexico or Canada. The effect of all this was, as it was intended to be, to make the en try of Japanese laborers from Hawaii. Mexico and Canada illegal, and being; here contrary to the law «uch Japanese arc subject at any time to arrest and deportation. The issuance of the pro elatnation seems to be about all that has been done. It may be that when .eapan ese present themselves to the immigra tion officials, these officiate turn them back and forbid them to enter the Unit ed States, but there is apparently no at tempt to exclude them other than lhis."j "On the Mexican larder, the Rio Grande can most of the year easily be ford ed and can 1..- crossed on row boats at any time. Hundreds of Japanese have been crossing t v the United States hear ly every day and there seems to be scarcely « pretense of preventing them of Organized Labor and no arrests and deportation of those who thus surreptitiously and unlawfully enter the country. I do not know, Mr. Chairman, that we can do anything in this matter by talking about it, but it I I seems to me that something ought to be done either to enforce the law in its letter and spirit or else cease to make appropriations for a service that is rap idly coming to he a byword and a jest." What is true of the Mexican border is true of the Canadian bonier. It is a simple matter to slip across the line in some unprotected spot and once hero they mingle with their fellow country men with not one chance in a hundred of ever being detected. That is why the agitation will not down. Because in spite of government sops in the way of promises to allay excitement, immigra-; tion of this class of labor continues un diminished and white labor continues to be crowded out of employment by this yellow horde, of undesirables. The government will produce figures to show that Japanese immigration hasj been checked but it should be borne in mind that these figures relate only to; those applying for admission at ports of entry and takes no nccount of those il legally coming into the country. There is another aspect of this Japa nese question which we cannot pass by in this articlet viz. the almost criminal apathy which prevails among a large proportion of our people as regards pre paration for armed conflict between these two nations. God grant it may never come! War should be the last resort among nations and should never be wage until every chance of maintain ing peace with honor is gone. But there are many thoughtful, intelligent men in this country uho firmly believe that sooner or later the two nations, white and yellow will resort to force of arms. This might come about from several causes. Both are commercial nations striving for the supremacy of the Paei fie. Modern industrial conditions have made it necessary for each country to seek foreign markets for their products and each with longing eye on the millions of the awakening East. Xo man can say that commercial victory will be won by either nation without re sort to force. The history of the world spells differently. We are living over a volcano. Our people who have on this coast come into direct competition with the Japanese in a struggle for existence will nut always endure the unequal struggle. They suf fer much before the upheaval comes but rumblings of an impending explosion have been heard in several states. Itt ) the legislatures of California and Neva da. In the activity of the Oriental Ex clusion League. In a score of ways the people have given evidence of their dis content. It needs but a little more to throw this volcana into active eruption; and plunge the nation into war. And as we have always done, we as a nation sit idly by, relying on our past prowess, and our vnst resources to pull us through somehow. Years before the civil war broke out, far seeing men saw it coming. Yet the Xorthern people closed their ears to the storm warnings and allowed Southern sympathizers high in the councils of state to prepare for the struggle while they did nothing. The blowing up of tho Maine which sounded the call to arms in the war against Spain found us in a wretched state of unpreparedness. Had a strong tuarintime nation been our opponent iu stoad of a little, weak one more unpre pared than we, oue shudders to think the injury that might have been in flict ad upon us. da pan has demonstrated to the world that when she strikes she strikes with unerring aim. Not for nothing is she centralizing her hordes on the Pacific slope. Is it not significant that they prefer the Pacific coast in spite of all the agitation, against them which they cannot help but feel, to the East where! they arc still called our "little brown cousins?" Is it for nothing that every foot of territory is mapped and photo graphed by them? Two years ago a group of dapanese appeared in one of the Southern California harbors, and os tensibly engaged in the fishing md us try. Day after day their little boats rocked and tossed upon the blue waters of the Pacific and darted here and there in restless energy. Thin continued until they were discovered taking soundings at different points in the harbor, when their fishing suddenly ceased. A few weeks ago a humble Jap applied for, and obtained a position as a house scullion in the residence of a gentleman living on Grays Harbor. In a short time he , quit his job because he had been ordered to join the Japanese legation at Wash ington, D. C. Was it because he was ' near a strategic point of entry to the Puget Sound • count t y that a Japanese gentleman of high rank would scour pots snd pans in the kitchen for a few I dollars a month? Is it at all signifi cant that a great proportion of the Japs j that infest this coast have seen active i service against the Russians and are dis ciplined soldiers? dust one more quota tion from the speech of Congressman Hayes is applicable at this point. He had received a letter from an American living in Mexico. He had enough regard for the high character oi the writer aud the truth of his statements to ask that the letter be printed in the Congression al Record. This letter is to lengthy to quote in its entirety but it may be found In the Congressional Record oi Feb. 15th, last. The following are ex tracts: " * * * lamin a position to give you a few facts which will. I feel, be of interest to you and those who take the same position as you." "During the last half of 1906, all of 1907, and up till Sept. Ist 1908, I was in the enjoyment of unusual facilities for observing the steady movement of Japanese toward the Rio Grande river fiom the interior of Mexico. • * * During the greater portion of the per iod to which 1 refer I was so employed as to be in a position where it was im-| possible for aliens of any kind going North to escape my observation. In the iiase of the Japanese, a great throng, numbering into the thousands, at one time and another passed North along the railroad right-of-way on foot. * * * During the daytime I was stationed in an office building about 100 feet from the southern entrance to the bridge, and in consequence it was absolutely im possible for anyone to cross without be ing seen by me. At night we had two watchmen under instruction to permit no one to pass. Beginning with October of 190t), groups of Japanese began pass ing over this bridge sometimes to the ■amber of 100 or 200 a day. They were almost without exception clad in por tions of soldier's uniforms. They seem ed to have abundance of money, both Mexican and Ja[>anesc, and there was always one man who acted the part of an officer and gave orders to the others, which were implicitly obeyed. Why men so well supplied with money should choose to walk instead of taking the train was a mystery, although at the same time that these were walking the one train daily to the North usually car ried a good complement of their fellow countrymen. Of course those on the train on landing at Cuidad Torfirio Diaz found them-elves at once confronted with the I'nited States immigration inspect ors, while those on foot could leave the railroad track just before entering town and make their w\ny to some appointed spot for crossing the Rio Grande uude teeted." "For many months this stream of Jap anese northward bound, continued, and finally from motives of patriotism and thinking that the facts with regard there to might be of use to tbe immigration officials of the border. 1 communicated with the person in charge, located in San Antonio, and after stating the facts, offered to furnish information with re gard to this remarkable hegira. My effer met with such a cold reception that I did not pursue it further." "There were several thousand of these men. practically all ex-soldiers, who were brought to this country ostensibly to work in the coal mines of Coahuila At one time some 2»KH) were landed at a group of mines close together, and within two weeks not one was left. All had gone north toward the river. In one ease guards were put around the mine property, hut the Japanese left in the night, although they were shot at by the guards." "In the employ of the company tor] which I was acting as pay master was a Mexican foreman, and native latior being scarce, he finally persuaded a number ot Japanese BO take temporary employ ment under him. This Mexican was friendly to me, as I hail done him some [favors, and one day he nskod me if the Americans tnought the Japanese were friendly to them. 1 told him a good many Americans thought so, but that I was from California and knew lo ti. i He then told me that I was quite right. He said that the Japanese thought the Mexicans did not like the Americans i which is largely true) and in oonse queued they were not afraid to talk to them." ' "The Jape he said, Insisted among the Mexicans that they were all soldiers; that they had their expenses paid to come to this country, and that they were all making their way over into the I 'nitedStates as fast a» they could. When enough of them had reached the I'nited States then there was going to be a war, and the Americans would all l>e kilb-d *A 1 toU the Me\i BBS] fore , man to find out «Une could from others, and hi- repeated to me that they all talk ed alike-, that they hated the Americans (Continued on Page 4.) THE LABOR JOURNAL Is the official organ of the Trades Council, and is read by the labor ing men and women of Everett. C. 0. YOVNG IN EVERETT Returns to Portland to Complete His Work. Organizer C. 0. Young, of the Ameri can Federation of Labor accompanied by his ( harming wife dropped unexpectedly Int ■ Everett last Tuesday morning and remained until Thursday. Mr. Young lias a host of friends here who have known him and worked with him in the labor movement and much regret was expressed that he could not remain for some little time and work in this locality. Mr. Young himself would be glad to come back to this part of the country, hut unfortunately for us, is not the director of his own movements. The executive officers of the A. F. of L. dic tate to their organizers where they shall do their work according to their judg ment. Bro. Young for the past year has been the greater part of the time in Portland Ore. This may seem to be a long time for one locality, but when one understands the magnitude of the work needed in that city it can not be wond ered at that it takes so long. At the time he took up the work in that city, there were four distinct and separate central bodies, each working at cross purpose-. The labor movement was at a standstill owing to political and per sonal feuds which were toe result of the disrupting methods previously intro duced by the 1. W. W. or "Wonder Work ers." By dint of hard and exhausting work the loose ends were gathered to gether and the unions of Portland form ed int j the sectional plan of organiza tion which so many central bodies have adopted. Now over 00 unions are af filiated with the central liody. The work there i- by no means ended how ever, and the movement must be care fully watched and guided. Mr. Young promises to return to U-i*^pßr*W*tW country is soon as he can be permitted to do so and help in reviving several crafts that have succumber to adversi ty. Inadvertently we omitted in our issue of last week the following business bouses from our list of adver tisers: Pillman Suit House and C. E. Anderson, real estate dealer. We apolo gize for this oversight and respectfully •all our readers attention to these . firms. The Labor World enjoyed a pleasant call from Mr. A. A. Elmore, general or ganizer for the Farmers' Educational and Co operative Union, one day last week, lie says that the fanners easily see the benefits of organisation, and arc coming in by the thousands. They are now inlying their grain aacks and other supplies one i from the manu facturer, thus saving vast sums of money that would otherwise ha Mid out of the middleman's profits. Another big scheme they have on too- is to build a big terminal wnrehause on the coast, ami market their own grain products.— Spokane Labor World. TRADES COUNCIL Council met iii regular eekly session Wednesday evening. 1 11.- credentials ■ :' \\ . H, Bwartz, of the Barbers' I'nion i accepted aud delegate obligated and seated. A .-o'umuuicotion was iead from the Montana State Federation of Labor. wm ruing union men that the NHneenta- - ' ••• -'.it-city of labor m that state were false, That the la bor market was glutted with men. The different et tfts i, ported to the Council as follows: Suing.- Weavers, :t initiations. Painters, 1 application. Plumber-' reported that the Seattle union plumb.;-- nnd eh-etrienl workers* who li .i p on the unfair Q N. depot had pulled off the Job. Painters, !l initiations. Buildiuc Ciade- reported that J. W. J W. Moor,- lair and "rdeeed hie name fail". Insid Witeioeii Li - compiling new by law« to govern theii local. Tiie Council concurred in the action of the Bldg. Trades ■ ounofl in placing J. M Moore fair and orderag his name stiickeu ..nl of the union list published in the Journal. Laundry workers are standing pat in their refusal to handle th - work of the Mitchell hotel. Organizer C. O. Young was piesent land addressed the Council and explain ed in detail the workings of the Sec tional plsn of organisation. No. 15.