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The labor journal. (Everett, Wash.) 1909-1976, December 17, 1909, Image 2

Image and text provided by Washington State Library; Olympia, WA

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88085620/1909-12-17/ed-1/seq-2/

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WASHINGTON, D. ('., Dec. 3. -To All
Organized Lulior, Greeting:- Since Aug
ust 4, 190 V, a strike of great magnitude
has been in progress in Sweden, and
the issue at stake is the very life of
the labor movement of that country.
BeBSUM of the sharply defined class
divisions in Sweden and the lingering
influences of the old feudal system, the
development of the Swedish lubor
unions has been exceedingly difficult,
but withal they have steadily fought
their way and gained. The last ten
years, however, witnessed a consider
able impetus in the interest of tiie
workers in the unions, nnd this has been
the period of their greatest progress
and growth The period of prosperity
experienced between the years 1900 and
1907 was favorable to their success, and
the labor organization became a great
power in the defense nnd advancement
of the conditions of the workers. The
strength aud aggressiveness of
the unions brought alsnit the counter
organisation of employers, and their
antagonism was centralised into a for
midable force through the means of
their three large associations, namely,
the Central Employers* Association, rep
resenting the building industry, employ
ing 500,000 men; the Machine -Shop
and Iron Ship Builders' Association,
employing 35,000 men. and the Swedish
Employers' Association, representing all
the large industries, employing 104,000
men The panic aud industrial de
pression beginning in 1908, considerably
weakened the strength and resources of
the unions, and the Swedish Employers'
Association endeavored to turn these
conditions to its advantage in its effort
to disrupt the unions. For the past two
years the threat of a general lockout
has been held over the heads of the
workmen when any advance was made
them, either of defense or for
the amelioration of conditions. Early in
1900 some of the employers put into ef
fect a reduction in wages. A strike
involving 1.400 men was declared
against it. The Employers' Association
served notice on the officers of the or
ganizations that unless the men re
turned to work under the reduction in
wages there would be a general lockout.
The men on strike refused to return to
work, and the association carried out
its threat and locked out 80.000 men.
This violent attack portended more
than was involved in the local dispute,
and the unions recognized it as a clear
declaration of war from the employers.
The situation had reached the stage
where, in order to maintain the or
ganizations and the labor movement, the
attitude and demands of the Employ
ers' Association had to be combated.
The organized wage workers realized
that all that had been built up, after
years of effort, and at great sacrifice. .
was at stake. Therefore, instead of I;
submitting to the lockout, the organiza
tioni of labor answered it by a general
strike and 200,000 men joined those al
ready locked out.
Because of the magnitude of the
strike it was necessary for the unions
of Sweden to appeal to the workmen
of other countries for financial assist
ance. Messrs. Clause K. Tliolin and
Sandgren were sent as delegates to this j
country, and in furtherance of his mis- j
sion, Mr. Tholln appeared before the
recent convention of the American Fed
eration of Labor, held in Toronto.
Ontario, Canada. November 8-20. 1900.
where he addressed the delegates upon
the subject of this struggle. His ad
dress was supplemented by statements
by President Gompers and Delegate
John P. Frey. of the Iron Molders'
I'nion. who was fraternal delegate to
the last meeting of the British Trades
Union Congress; they were in Europe,
and had opportunity to learn the facts
at first hand from the representatives
of the labor movement of Sweden, and
both substantiated the great justice and
merit of the strike.
A special committee was appointed at
the Toronto convention to consider the
appeal of the Swedish workers for fi
nancial assistance, and in accordance
with its report and recommendation the
convention directed that an appeal be
issued and forwarded to organized la
bor for immediate financial assistance
for our Swedish brothers.
Every phase of the struggle merits
our earnest consideration and support.
While separated by great distance from
the workers there, yet their cause and
the principle for which they are con
iendilMJ. the right to organize, to rem
edy their just grievances, and to secure
to the toilers a fair share of the fruits
of their labor, are identical with the
aims and aspirations of the organized
workers of America. Their splendid
fortitude and courage in the face of the
adversity of this prolonged struggle
proves their loyalty and devotion to the
cause of labor and it is evident that
nothing short of starvation will enforce
their surrender. The struggle has re
solved itself into a test of endurance,
and fee hope was expressed by the con
venti n that the amount contributed by
the American trade union movement
would be at once creditable to the la
bor organizations of our country and
of material assistance to the Swedish
trade unionists in maintaining the
strike to a successful termination.
You will therefore please read this
circular at the next meeting of your or
ganization, and it is earnestly request
ed to donate whatever sum may be
within its means at this time. Contri
buttons should be sent direct to Her
man Lindqnist. Lancl-sckretariat. Stock
holm. Sweden, or to the Swedish Strike
Relief committee, with headquarters in
Chicago. The financial secretary of
this committe. is John Dawn. 4041
North Sacramento Avenue, Chicago. HI.
By order of the Toronto convention.
Swretary American Federation oi i-nW.
A Child's Lament
"My boy, what makes you look bo sad,"
I asked one winter's day
Of a little boy who stood alone
While the rest were all at play.
The little tot then hung his head.
As the tears ran down his face;
"Because, sir. the others say,
My father took your place."
"Oh. milter, tell the reason why
My playmates treat me so;
What makes them point tit me with scorn?
Thai's what I want to know.
What makes them cry when I come near.
"Go way, go way, you're bad—
Your father is a scab!"
"Oh, mister, tell the reason why
My mamma cries so hard.
When father's way off at his work.
Switching in the yard ?
What makes the neighbors close their door
And pull the curtains down I
That ain't the way they used to do-
Why do they do it now?"
"Oh kind sir, our home is changed
Since just the other day;
1 'm so lonesome all alone.
Since the hoys with me won't play.
Tell me what makes mamma cry,
I've told you why I'm sad;
And tell me what the hoys all mean
When they say my father scabbed."
What could I <1«. what could I say.
To comfort this small boy?
How could I explain to him.
Or fill his heart with joy?
I knew that something had gone wrong—
I could see it in his face.
Poor little tot, I could not say
"Your father's in disgrace,"
My thoughts then wandered to my home.
To a tow-head little lad.
And a wife that's happy, although poor.
Because they love their dad.
They know his heart is fond and true;
Though he may seem pretty had.
They'll never hear the people say.
"There goes a dirty scab."
The typos all over the country will
cast envious eyes toward a spot on the 1
map called Seattle. The scale commit- I
tee of the Seattle Typographical I'nion
have successfully conducted negotia
tions with the newspaper proprietors
for a new scale which w ill open the eyes
of everylsjdy and make the typos of
other cities turn green with envy. The
scale calls for a five-hour day at a dol
lar an hour and having been ratified by
both sides will go into effect the third
of January. 1910. The printers will cast
longing eyes toward those slip boards
and will think with regret of tlioße
long time contracts which they in other
ites are tied up to. Cnngratulatons.
boys, you did fine, but —where is the
joker in the pack?
Everett Liquor Company
(By a Switchman, I
If you buy an inferior grade of goods,
largely water and save a cent or two a
can, you are losing five times that much
by buying water instead of solid ]>ack
goods. Pacific Grocery Co.
FOR SALE—ReaI Estate* Blanks. Short
form for time transaction. News Pub
lishing Co., 2012 Rockefeller Aye.
STAMP NO. 224.
(Published by order of Everett Trades
Cataract Market.
Market at 2006 Hewitt.
Market at 40th and Colby.
Crescent Market.
Washington Meat Ma.rkel, corner of
Wetinore and California.
YOU can't do any better than buy your
liquors here. Our stock is large, our
variety great, and our prices are right. We
have some elegant calendar plates which
we are giving away with each Christmas
order. Our goods are put up whenever
possible in full measure.
Honest Goods. Honest Measure.
Per Gallon.
Whiskey. Rye or Bourbon $2.50 to $6.00
California Wines .60 to $2.50
California Brandy 3.00 to $4.50
Per Case, Two doz. Large $3.25
Per Case, Two doz. Small $2.00
s<>c Rebate on Bottles and Case.
1903 Hewitt Aye.
BRICK LAYERS—o. A. Wheeler,
Dan McCarthy.
BSV and Cafe.
C. R. SCHWEITZER, Plumber.
State Street.
ft Springer, of Springer's Bazaar.
1313 Hewitt avenue.
Warehouse fool of California
st rcet.
P. Sampson, contractor.
CARPENTERS —I. hirdine, C. J.
Hand, Piatt, Paddock, llidgeway,
1402 Grand, doe Gramquist.
PAINTERS John Engblom,
Thus. J. Mort P. E. Merrifield,
t. Hunt.
ami California
Willard. C. Winder. A E. Wright.
BARBERS Wm. Whittaker,
MEATS Carstens Packing Com
Meat Market at 2006 Hewitt. All
meat with Gov. stamp No. 224
is unfair.
BUTTER STORE — East on &
Weston, Cow Butter store, cor.
Hewitt and Hovt.
ment Works, foot Californit St.
HOUSE, corner Norton and Pa
feaches Natural Law, Ytt Has All tre
Appearance of Magic.
So une would suppose that it is pos
sible to hold v glowing cool mi a piece
jf ii: or cotton without burulng the
cloth, hut that such can be dune Is easy
for illly one to prove, aud at the same
•hue the experiment teaches an impor
tant untural law. Every child knows
,mil telephone and telegraph wires
are made of copper because that metal
is a good conductor of heat and elec
trlclty. which Is only another form of
heat. If a poker Is heated in the tire
'i i | let It 11 a i loih to hold the outer
end. although It has Uot been in the
lire. I ecause experience has taught you
that the heat is connected through the
metal from tbe tire to the outer cud.
This experiment with the tlnming
i ill Is based upon this principle and
the additional one that linen and cot- i
ton are poor cotiduvr.'jrs of heat. Take
i globe of copper aud draw a piece of
cloth tightly over "1 so that there is
not a wrinkle at the top. If tbe liueti
or cotton Is closely woven tbe trick is
all the more certain. Then, bidding the
cloth tightly In place, you can safely
put a glowing coal on top of tbe cloth,
and. while it burns fiercely, the cloth
will not even be scorched.
Tbe reason is that tbe great conduc
tivity of the copper draws the heat of
i the coal before it can burn the cloth
Do not make tbis experiment with a
good handkerchief first, for if the cloth
I Is not tightly drawn It may burn, but
i take some worthless piece of linen or
muslin, and after you are certain of
j your experience you can astonish your
f j friends w ho do not know the secret.—
Washington Post.
Both Phones 19
Chief Justice Shepard on Case
of Labor Leaders.
Decree Should Be Reversed Is th.
Opinion of th. Chief of the District
of Columbia Court of Appeals-Gom
pers Has Nothing to Regret.
In dissenting from the opinion of the
court of appeals of the District of Co
lumbia ntlirmlng the sentence of im
prisonment on Uompers. Mitchell and
Morrison, Chief Justice Shepard said
in part:
j "Convinced that tbe court was wlth
i out authority to make the only order
which the defendants, Gompers, Mitch
ell and Morrison, can be said to have
disobeyed, 1 can have no other opinion
than that tbe decree should be re
"As regards tbe conclusion that this
proceeding must be regarded as crim
inal solely nnd in consequence tbnt the
evidence on which the conviction rests
can be considered because not present
ed in a bill of exceptions reserved on
tbe bearing. 1 will content myself with
saying that I am not clearly convinced
tbat It must be so regarded. The com
plaint was made by the complainant
on whose behalf tbe Injunction had
been granted and for its own redress.
No One was imposed on behalf of the
United States. The relief sought in
tbe original bill was not pecuniary.
Tbe punishment by imprisonment in
disobedience of tbe writ was the only
way in which the relief could be se
"The order was annouuced Dec. 17,
1907. and entered Dec. 18, 1907, but no
bond was given until Dec. 23, 1907
The specific charge is that after the
granting of the order and before the
giving of the bond the respondents
Gompers and Morrison hastened to
deposit in the mails the already print
ed number of the January Federntion-
Ist, which contained the publication of
the complainant's name In the unfair
list. It is not charged that any subse
quent Issue of the journal contained I
similar publication. Some general nl- I
legations respecting the circulation of '
the January number of tbe Fcdera
tionist are too vugue to form the foun
dation for criminal charge nnd convl
tion. 1
"The gist of the charge is this 'rush- 1
ing' of the journal in the mails be- '
tween Dec. 17 and 23. The decree con
victing the respondents cannot be sup- 1
ported ou this charge, because tbe or- '
der for the injunction did not become
operative and effective before com
pliance with tbe precedent condition."
Referring to tbe speeches made by
Mr. Gompers. which were mentioned
by Justice Wright iv imposing sen
tence, tbe chief justice said:
"The lauguage used was iv bad taste
under all circumstances, yet seems to !
bnve been directed to tbe assertion of
tbe right of free speech uud free pub
lication, for which tbe respoudeuts
were then and are vow couteudiug
There Is another uud stronger reason
for my dissent us far as tbe defend- 1
ants Morrison and Gompers are involv
ed. Tbe specific acts charged against
them relate wholly to declarations and
publicatious which violute the prelimi
nary injunction as issued.
"1 have heretofore expressed the
opiniou tbat much of the injunction
order was null and void because oppos
ed to the constitutional provision cou
! earning the freedom of speech and of
the press. Subsequent reflection bus
. confirmed this view. 1 can see tbat
. tbe court had jurisdiction of the sub- 1
. ject matter of tbe controversy nud of
. the parties, but 1 cannot agree that
the decree was rendered in accordance
, with the power of the court. A power
limited by express provision of the
constitution is merely erroneous and
uot absolutely void."
lv reference to the decision Mr. i
Gompers said:
"With all due respect to the authori
ty of the court, 1 cannot surrender
constitutionally guaranteed rights be
cause a judge will issue an Injunction
invading and denying these rights.
Chief 'ust Ice Bbepard's dissenting
opinion is in defeuse of the Constitu
tion and these inherent rights. Minor
ity opinions of courts iv the past when
human rights were invaded have ulti
mately prevailed, become the law of
the laud aud the generally accepted
rule of life, aud I have an übldiug
ftiitb that the rule In this ease will
prove no exception.
"If I must go to jail I shall have the
"••*• - •"<'*•••••* "i the fact that other
men have been compelled to suffer in
defense of justice and right in the
cause of humanity and the mainte
nance of humau liberty, it stands to
reason that I would prefer mv liberty
to going to jail. I ,)o not want to
sever my relations with my friends
for a year, and liberty is as dear to
me as to any man. but if the sentence
is carried out 1 shall bear it with
fortitude, satisfied that I will bare
nothing to regret In my actions or ut
terances which might have been in the
opinion of some of ,| H . judges, but not,
all, a violation of the law."
Un,on Issues Tuberculosis Pamphlet
A pamphlet captioned "Tuber, ulous
ressmen" has been Issued by George
L. Herry president of tba lo'eruaUoc
«l Printing Pressmen and Assistants'
•"■lon. in which he reviews vrtoM
press r*,m conditions which predispose
be members of his craft to become
'ion. Sanitation and ventilation re
eelve full treatment and in tt lnn '5
easily understood. 'uanner
Politely Bounced.
*«. the n0,,,.
Fox that he was no ,„n K er „
of the K«vernu,ei,t of (Jeor K e ULtt
|cad thus: "His pacloM maje* y J.
been pleased to Issue a new e„ lnrn ?"
Hlon in which yi)Ur un Z not
appear." WB n< "
ta.ting away one's ltfe.-Ari.toUa.
L.bor Union, and Fr.t.rn.l Soei.ti..
Join In th. Fish*-
According to a recently Issued nttta
ment by the National Am* a. lonMKor
,be Study and Prevention of luberou-
Ss. thtw ...tort.at.onal labor onions
with a membership of upward of 100.
000 and nine fraternal and benefit ot
ganizntions with a combined member
s' , of nearly 3.000.000 have during
lie paat year enlisted In the war
against consumption lv the trades A
sear ago only one fraternal organiza
tion, tbe Royal league, and one labor
union the International Typographical
union, maintained institutions for the
treatment of their tuberculous mem
bers Since Jan. I, 1900. the following
fraternal and benefit organizations
have taken up tbe consideration of the
disease and in some instances hnve de
cided to erect institutions: Brother
hood of American Yeomen, Order of
Eagles, Improved Ordor»of Ited Men.
Modern Woodmen of America, Knights
of Pvthlas, Royal Arcanum, Work
men's Circle. Knights of Columbus
and Foresters of America. The inter
national labor unions which have join
ed the fight against tuberculosis are
the International I'hoto-engravers' Cn
iou Of North America, the Interna
tional Printing Pressmen and Assist
ants' union and the International Boot
and Shoe Workers' union.
The first sanitarium to be erected
for the benefit of worklngmen was
built by the International Typograph
ical union in connection with Its home
at Colorado Springs. Tbe Internation
al Printing Pressmen and Assistants'
union has recently decided to erect a
similar sanitarium, nnd steps are now
being take to open such an institution
10 Tennessee. Tbe Internationa; Pho
to engravers' union, while not conduct
ing a sanitarium of its own. pays
for the treatment of its tuberculous
members in institutions in various
parts of the country. Tbe Internation
al Boot and Shoe Workers' uuiou is
recommending to Its members that
tbey ally themselves with the various
organizations united in tbe fight
against tuberculosis.
All of these fraternal organizations
and labor uuious are also carrying on
campaigns of education nmoug their
members. In tbis way over 3.000,000
men aud women are receiving Instruc
tion through lectures, through official
papers and by literature expressly pre
pared showing the dangers and meth
ods of preveutlon ot tuberculosis.
It is a campaign of prevention which
will bring to these various unions, fra
ternal and benefit organizations mil
lions of dollars in tbe saving ot lives
aud tbe cutting down of payments for
sickness aud death resulting trom tu
berculosis. Tbe recent national fra
ternal cougress estimated that 50 per
cent of tbe death losses trom tubercu
losis could be saved to tbe various
unions and fraternal organizations ot
tbe country.
Tbe National Association For the
Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis
announces tbat it bas rendered all
assistance possible to these various
! movements nmoug tbe labor meu and
fraternal organizations aud stands
ready to co-operate as far as possible
with any society ot tbis character.
Educating Apprentices.
Apprentices employed under tbe
jurisdiction of the Houston t'l'ex.i
Typographical uulon have tbe oppor
tunity of improving their eveuiug hours
by n course ot study at tbe local
: Voting Men's Christian association.
I Tbe union has voted $175 from its
treasury for tbe education of boys
who are forced to begin earning their
livelihood before their schooling is
finished, and tbe youths' department
of the association has beeu opened for
their beuedt. Tbe uecessary member
ships have beeu paid for, and a gov
erning board of six members-tbree
from tbe uuion aud three employers
will see tbat tbe apprentices take tbe
fullest advantage of tbe night school.
Houston union claims to be tbe o*ily
labor organization in tbe city to ap
propriate mouey out of Its treasury
to advance the cause of education, aud
( this is a living illustration tbat the
Typographical unlou Is always abreast
of the times when It comes to provid
ing for the future welfare of its mem
Carpenter! Lead In Growth.
According to statistics receutly made
public by tbe United States depart
ment of commerce aud labor, tbe
Ibotherhood ot Curpenters aud Join
ers lias bad the greatest increase iv
membership of all labor organizations
'luring the past three years, and dur
ing the same period tbe International
typographical union has secured tbe
greatest reduction In the hours ot la
bor. Tbe International Association ot
Machinists has had tbe greatest num
ber or strikes and has won a larger
percentage of contests than auy other
national union.
fhe Palmers aud Ueeoratora' uulou
WjW meet at Cincinnati lv December
textile workers in tbe United Statea.
* ; :l " z '" : unorganized, number
' lose upon 7UO.UUU.
ul I: i ; S r"" Wl that Pres
ent « on way of the Retail clerks'
win succeed tbe late Max £ .
ris as general secretary.
Tim prospects are bright for tbe get
!r a?r; n n cr !*. ,be of
>-u>.Ue<| \\o(sl workers' union
rtW '" s,allatlon or modern safety de
lens for■ ,i °" c ° f ,be P"-ob
; > l,c unerest of ,be working.
•WtalVS, eexeVuM've an,a,,d 8 -
Joaaa worked ao bard OD d denied
; ...Keif BO mU( hlu ord J» «J»JJ
f * '"«««• thai he had neither tht
"■ne n»r the means to Z,M .
z£v£ri>z ETC
Friday, December 17, 1909.
Secures Con
tract to Fur
oish the
The House Furnish
ing Co., of White &
Hackeit, are estab
lishing an enviable
reputation through the
quality and price of
their goods. The mot
to of this firm is
"Courteous Treat
ment and Your
Moneys Worth,"
and the business they
are building up is evi
dence of the manner
in which they have
lived up to their
They recently furnish
ed the St. James Ho
tel and the manager
is enthusiastic ovci
the quality of the
goods installed.
A noteworthy
achievement for this
firm is the securing of
the contract for fur
nishing the Florentine
apartment and room
ing house at 271 9
Ruclfer, a 43-room
building. This con
tract Was secured
against all competitors
and speaks eloquently
for the quality and
price of goods
Shop Early
'Practical Presents'
are More Appre
ciated as "Holi
day Gifts" Than
Anything Else.
We Have a Fineline
of Music Cases,
Morris Chairs,
Rockers, Book
Cases & Etc.
2807 Rockefeller
Both Phones 12. ■ 4
"Courteous Treatment
and Your Moneys Worti"

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