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THE LABOR JOURNAL
Mention the Journal to the merchant who solicits your patron age through these columns. VOL. XX. YOU Always save money at White <Sc Hackett Complete Hotel and Homefurnishers 2807 ROCKEFELLER "Courteous Treatment and Your Moneys Worth." MURRAY is selling union-made goods at a reduc tion of 10 per cent to 20 per cent off regular selling prices. lirennan Shoes, made in Randolph, Mass., Factory No. 57, are he very best that can be produced at the price. These goods are all made to our order and come direct from the factory. Try a pair now while you can get them for lessV FOR WOMEN AND CHILDREN We also have Huiskamps goods of Keokuk, lowa, Factory No. 343, for women and children. Everything in Our Store Reduced. MURRAY'S SHOE STORE 1707 HEWITT AYE. U IN I O IN MADE Call for them Have You Tried the lUMI CIGAR It is an ideal UNION MADE cigar, as good as the name. UNION MADE For Spring - McKIBBIIS $3 They are here, and as fine a looking bunch as would please your eyes, In all the latest shapes and colors. Stiff Hats, Soft Hats and the New Woolly ones . See Them. Try one on, and you will surely wear a McKIBBIN HAT. The lesdahi Co. lac Stokes Block Phones; Ind. 299 V, Sunset xi6a. Hats Yes They Are VISION MADE "PRICE AND QUALITY COUNT" $3 Everett, Wash. THE LABOR JOURNAL THE OFFICIAL PAPER OF THE EVERETT TRADES COUNCIL Devoted to the Interest HIGH COST OF LIVING Means Tragedy To Many a Workingman's Home and Family. You hear ■ whole lot of bosh about the workingman being responsible for his own poverty "because he blows bis money for booze." Our fanatical friends who imagine that the sum total of all our miseries is typified by the American saloon, tell us in stentorian tones alwut the number of "bushels of corn," "sacks of flour," eta., that the poor, deluded workingmen pour down their throats every year. , Out of a dark recess in a distorted brain an Eastern "student of econ omics" evolves the theory that the American housewives are responsible for the present high cost of living. They are too extravagant! And there you are! Isn't it kind of funny that none of these wiseacres ever thought that per haps tho workingmen needed more wages? Probably that line of reasoning isn't abstruse enough for their analyti cal minds. It might surprise some peo ple if they got right down and really studied the labor problem. Their pet theories might be overturned but they would learn that there are thousands of families in these United States who never know what it means to have moiw,v for any of the luxuries of life. That there are thousands of working men who spend practically nothing in the saloon and yet nre at their wits end to make both ends meet. That there are thousands of workingmen's wives who plan and worry and scrimp and save and to whom an occasional visit to the ten-cent show is their only break in the monotonous round of household drudgery. One brave little Spokane woman tells the readers of the Labor World what a struggle she has to feed, clothe and educate her chil dren on $2.75 a day. Read her story and bear in mind that there are many of her sisters right here at home try ing to do the same thing on $2.00 and $2.25 a day: , Among the letters received by Mayor Pratt, on the cost of living in Spokane, which have been published, is one so straightforward, simple and truthful in every detail that we cannot refrain from republishing it. Members of the eham!>er of commerce and business men who believe in low wages scale for the city, if they have one spark of human sympathy left in their stony breasts, ought (o blush with burning shame be fore such a terrible indictment. The letter is written by a brave, bright lit tle woman, the wife of one of the city's $2.75-a-day laborers, and is as follows: "My husband works in the city and receives $2.75 a day. He has pretty steady employment, working in all about 260 days last year, for which be received $715. We do not own our own home yet, but are paying for it in monthly payments of $10 per month with interest. "Our average grocery and meat bill is about $34 per month, making a total for the year $408 We paid last year on house 138 For water rent 18 For fuel 50 Carefare, work days only 2G Oirand total of expense $640 "The above was for actual living ex pense, to say nothing of the care fares spent running down to his work when there was nothing doing,' or when some other member of the family had to go to town. Aside from the alxive he bought lumber with which to make a few necessary improvements lo tht house, which amounted to over $30 (I do not remember the exact amount). We paid doctor bills amounting to $21. Deduct all of the above from $715 and see what is left wherewith to clothe the family. "We have eight in our family—five children, the oldest now 14 years, and the youngest less than 2 years and my aged mother lives with ua. Many Things Are Needed. "You ask if there is anything in the family needed that he is unable to pay for. Indeed there are a great many. I would not try to mention" them all, but will just mention a few that are most urgent. The oldest child, a girl hasl past her 14th birthday, needs medi cal attention, the lack of which is likely lo affect her whole future life. She also haa eye-strain and -her teeth need filling. The second child, a girl of 12 years, is suffering and is held back in her studies for the need of glasses for her eyes—she comes home from school sometimes with a splitting headache, which lasts well into the next day; anl she. too, needs her teeth attended to. "I would like to ask thp chamlier of commerce or the city council if they >TOuld consider themselves deprived of the necosfcities of life if their best suit of alettes was a pair of overalls, or if they cou'd only have meat on the table (Continued on Page Four) EVERETT. WASHINGTON. FRIDAY. FEBRUARY 25. 1910 BOYCOTT TWISTED <">ne bumps up against some very fitnny arguments on tlm boycotting business, For instance, a prominent gentleman in Everett remarked apropos of the Elks' controversy that they would refuse to go the theatre where Stormfels played in the future. A union man said, "Why, that would be boycot ting, and you don't believe in boycot ting." "No, no," said the gentleman, "we'll do this individually." See the twisting of his mind? You may with draw your patronage, individually, for any reason or no reason. Sure! In alienable right! But if you and your neighbor get your heads together and agree that you will both withdraw your patronages, you are boycotting, And boycotting is un-American and contrary to the constitution! What do you know about that kind of argument? NEW LOCAL ORGANIZED The Theatrical Employes Form Union and Affiliate With Central Body. The glad hand of organized labor of Everett is hereby extended to the new est recruit, the union of stage hands and theatrical employes. The boys who work for the Everett play houses have been quietly organizing for months and have held numerous meetings at which the necessity of organizing for self-protection was earnestly discussed and unionism eagerly talked over. Sev eral of the boys belonged to unions of other crafts and know from their own experience how important it is to work as a unit for better working conditions. It was not hard for these boys to bring the others around to their way of think ing and negotiations were commenced with the International Theatrical Em ployes and Stage Hands' Alliance for a charter from' Coat body. Progress was slow as a lot of red tape had to be un wound and Lee Hart had to be con vinced that Everett was really in Wash ington instead of British Columbia. There had to be so many play houses and so many men employed —sometimes the boys wondered if Lee Hart would not want to know the color of their hair, if they were married or single, if they had sunny dispositions, or if any of their ancestors ever had the measles. All things come, to him who waits, however, and the boys got the kinks straightened out of their trouble fin ally and will get their charter when the International convention meets this summer. Pending the arrival of the charter the l>oys will hold their local organization together and meet regit largly. They have already been ad mitted into the Trades Council nnd their delegate was seated at the last meeting. The stage hands' local is a pretty lusty younger. Here's hoping it will grow. TEAMSTERS ORGANIZE The organization germ is spreading this spring and the latest craft to be come innoeulatcd is the teamsters. The third time is the charm and the boys who handle the reins in cold and heat, rain and snow, doing their part toward making a busy, hustling city, declare they arc going to have a union that any body of men could lie proud of. A num ber of the boys met in Labor Temple last Wednesday night and formed a tom|Kirarv organization with the old war horse, "Dad" Haines, installed as temporary president. A temporary sec retary nnd treasurer were chosen and a 1 Imrtcr from their International will be sent for at once. Wednesday night was a happy night for "Dad" Haines, who is a union man all the way. No man in Everett tclt worse than "Dad" did when their (barter was surrendered over a year ago. but he knew that some" time the Ikivs would see the light and come back lo the fold again. Electricnl Workers, No. 191, must be given credit for getting the boys on their feet again as they have been do ing efficient missionary work for some time. And you. members of other crafts, lend a helping hand to the new union, whenever and wherever you get a chance, •hist remember how somelmdy guided your footsteps when you were a young organization. Another meeting will be held Tuesday evening. March Ist. in the Ijilmr Temple. NOTICE TO BUILDING CONTRAC TORS On and after the firat day of April. 1810, mortar mixers and hod carrier*' wage* will be four (4) dollars per day. Concrete work threa (S) dollars per day. EVERETT BUILDERS LABORERS' UNION. No. 4. Feh. 14th, 1910. of Organized Labor REFUSE TO LEASE LAND Snohomish County Grange on Record As Against the Asiatics. The farmers of Snohomish county are fully alive to the menace of Japanese labor and do not intend to allow the .laps to get a foothold in the agricul tural part of this county if they can help it. With the knowledge of the manner in which .lap lessees have ruined fruit ami farm lands in California fresh in their minds they do not intend to allow them to gain a foothold. Snoho mish county wants farmers but they don't want Asiatics and tbey belitve the best way to keep them out is to refuse to lease them land. At a recent meeting of the Snohomish county grange they took decided action in the matter and will not only refuse to lease their own lands but will use ev ery effort to induce farmers and land owners not members of the grange to take the same action. This step of the grange inspired the adoption of the following resolution by the Hoquinm convention of the State Federation of Labor: "Whereas, the Snohomish County Qrange, at a recent meeting decided that its members would not lease their land to Asiatics nor trade with anyone who employed Asiatics, and, "Whereas, the Washington State Fed eration of Labor has gone on record in favor of Asiatic exclusion: therefore, be it. • Resolved, by the Washington State Federation of Labor, in annual con vention assembled, that we do most heartily endorse the action of the Sno homish County Grange, and be it further "Resolved. That a copy of these reso lutions be forwarded to the Snohomish County Grange, to the Central Labor Council of Everett and to the press." GRAND OPERA PER WIRELESS It beginß to look as if an enterpris ing inventor had perfected a can opener for use on "canned opera." Last week thirty-five wireless stations in New York. New Jersey, New England and on various ships iv different harbors, listened to the singing of a grand opera by the Metropolian Opera company. They listened without the trouble of going to New York -for tbe Hertzian waves carried the sharps, flats and naturals through the atmosphere to these thirty-five different locations and there the audiences, large and small, heard, if tbey did not sec. "Cavaleris Tiusticana" and "Pagiiaoel." That such a thing never entered the wildest dreams of opera singers or pro ducers of a generation ago, it is hardly necessary to state; but the wonders of electricity combined with the increasing knowledge and appreciation of atmos pheric vibration has brought the seem ingly impossible down to a business basis. The time is not far distant, ac cording to the promoter! of this sound producing and magnifying apparatus, when a steamer departing from New York will have New York opera every evening until half way to Europe. Then the American music will be shut off. and that being given in LoadM or Paris "picked up" by the wireless and con tinued until the Vessel is docked. Truly we live in an nge of marvelous things! Nor are our scientists of today content with merely making a discov ery; they immediately turn it to com mercial use and human advantage. In this particular case it looks as if the usual concerts given aboard the great sea going hotels would soon become a thing of the past. No one who travels abroad unless he wished to sec ns well as hear - would prefer a cabin niusicale to listening to a Caruso or a Sembrich Attmospherie gram! opera is proltably in its infancy; but the pace at which we live and invent and perfect things means that the merely thought-of to day is the accomplished fact tomorrow. The combination of sound-reproducing machines with improved moving pic tures may yet bring about an apparatus which will, in every sense of the term, bring grand opera to the music lover's Inline, hotel, or steamer cabin without the necessity of standing in line for tickets or purchasing boxes in advance. \n\ thing to save time—and increase our joys, even though they have to be taken on the fly! \\ hen the wireless opera is as firmly established as the telephone iUelf. there will he only one important question worthy of the name before th* pro ducer" of such operas. For though this latest invention does much, it is not to be though that it can eradicate the human attribute that causes more musical up sets among human song birds than anything else—plain every day jealousy. LINCOLN'S IDEA To secure to encb lnborer the whole product of his labor, or as nearly aa possible, is a worthy object of any good government. With some men liberty means for encb mnn to do as he pleases with himself and the product of his labor; with others it means to do as they please with other men and the product of other men's labor. That issue will continue in this country when my poor tongue shall be silent. It is tbe eternal struggle between right and wrong. The common right of humanity and the divine right of kings. In what ever shape it develops itself it is the same tyrannical spirit that says: "You toil and work and earn bread and I'll eat it." —Abraham Lincoln. UNIONISM DEBATED W. P. Brown of Bellingham Upholds Unionism in a Debate in Eastern City. The preliminary for the debate with the Philadelphia Y. M. C. A. was held last Saturday In the East Heading room In discussing the proposition, f'Rv solved, That the policies of organized labor in recent years have been de trimental to the interests of the Ameri can people," the fourteen candidates for the term sharply contrasted the bene fits and evils of trade unionism Mr. George Winslow of the Massachusetts Educational commission, Dr. Henry J. Harris of the Bureau of Labor, and Dr. E. J, Bradford of the Bureau of Cor porations, tbe judges, are men who have made extensive investigations of in dustrial problems, and an' especially qualified to decide the relative merits of the various arguments for and against, the policies of organized labor. But skilled as they were, they encoun tered considerable difficulty in making a selection, owing to the excellent work of the several candidates. After a lengthy conference they decided in favor of \Y. P. Brown, George Each and W. E. Kelly, for the team, with 1!. ('. Camp bell as alternate. Mr. Brown is a graduate of Drake University and a debater of considerable experience. He is the parlimentary strategist of the club, ami his points of order, appeals from the decision of the chair, etc.. enliven every meeing. Mr. Ench was prominent in debating work at the Ohio Northern University. He is known to the members as the champion volunteer, being always ready to take the place of any of the regular speakers who may lie absent, and in variably doing so with credit. Mr. Kelly, the third member, is a graduate of Georgetown University Law School. Whenever a legal question arises, the club awaits the decision of "Judge" Kelly, and few there be who dare dis sent therefrom. The alternate. Mr. Campbell, is a graduate of Princeton University. His work in the club has been of a high order, and he is espcci ally well informed on the lending pub lic questions of the day. The alKive clipping from a paper pub lished in Washington, D. C. will be of merest to the many friend of W. P. Rrown. one of the debaters mentioned. Mr. Brown lived for several years in Bellinghnm where he took an active part in the labor movement, his law train ing standing him in good stcs.l in ad vising and counseling the union leaders. He was a member of the Clerks' union nnd was I delegate to the Central body where his work was invaluable. Everett unionists will rememl>er him ns the gentleman who opened the cam paign in this city for J. E. Campbell during the fall of 1008. Mr. Brown ad dressed an open meeting under the aus pices of the Campbell Club, his princi nal topic being. "Abuse of the writ of injunction." His friends will be pleased to know that W. P. has not shed his unionism a bit since removing to Wash ington. "OR JACOB SMITH. Socialist. THs esses of men, Toggery Bldg. 1505% Hewitt." WORKINGMEN ARE UNDERPAID; MAYOR URGES BETTER WAGES SPOKAXE. Feb. 25.—Basing tlie cost of mere existence at a standard even lower than that paid hy the city of Spokane for feeding its prisoners, al lowing each common laboring man a family of but four members and figur ing monthly rentals or installments to wards the purchase of a home at only $12, Mayor X. S. Pratt showed the city council that the average laborer has about $67 a year left from his earnings. With this sum he must clothe himself THE LABOR JOURNAL Is the official organ of the Trades Council, and is read by the labor ing men and women of Everett. COOLIES ARE CONDEMNED Judge Humphries Opposes Coolie Labor in Seattle Address. Extracts from the speech of Judge E. Humphries before the King County Re publican club in Seattle, February 22: Mongolian Immigration. The great danger to the Pacific Coast is the immigration of tho Japanese, ( hinese and Hindoos, and in addition to insisting upon a high protective tariff, in order to protect the laborers in our mills, factories and other places of business, the republican partj must stop the immigration of mongolian coolies into this country. It is estimated that there is an annual increase in the surplus population of Japan of at least 700,000. and unhindered in fifteen years they would soon drive the white race off the Pacific Coast by sheer force of numbers, as has been stated by Pro fessor Ide Wheeler of the University of California. In 1012 the present Jap anese treaty expires, and it is neces sary for the republican party to be on the alert, and to protect the Pacific Coast from tbe encroachments and im migration of the mongolian races to this country. In 1900 there were 85, --980 Japanese and 119,050 Chinese in this country. From 1890 to 1900 the Japanese increased in tlfis country 487.2 per cent, and at the same ratio, starting with 85,980 in 1900. the cen sus in 1910 will show at least a Japan ese population of 500,000, which shows that Professor Ide Wheeler is not wrong in sounding the alarm. Senator Piles has stated that 90 per cent of the em nloys in British Columbia mills and factories nre Chinese. Japanese and Hindoos, and 20 per cent of the labor in the mills of the Pacific Coast arc Jap anese, Chinese and Hindoos, and when you take the additional numbers em ployetd on the railroads, in the work shops, barber shops, house servants, stores and factories, it will show a •.rreat increase in tlie Japanese popula tion. It Trrli not be of nrm-ti benent to the white people of this coast to nave a tariff on lumber and coal to protect them from coolie labor if you permit this coolie labor to cross tht 1 lines from British Columbia and work in our mills, shops, factories and other places on the Pacific Coast. Taxpayers As Jurors. Under a republican form of govern ment, brains and education should be the criterion instead of property qual ifications. The mere fact that electors inherit property is not a good criterion to fix their capacity as jurors. The re publican party owes it to the masses to make no dWcriminallion regarding property qualificatons for jurors. Ev ery man is entitled to be tried and have his cause tried by a jury of his peers, without regard to pnnpery qualifica tions, nnd the present jury law, pro hibiting electors without property to Income jurors, is contrary to republi can principles of government, and the next legislature should amend the lew by striking out the word "taxpayers" therefrom. Supreme Court Judges. It was a great mistake made by the last legislature when it amended the direct primary law, so that the people are not permitted to nominate judges of the supreme court. It raises a sus picion that certain special interests were desirous of packing the supreme court with their own men. It was said that it was necessary to do so, as large verdicts of juries would put certain cor porations out of business, but they for got the fact that when a man was com pelled to work at a dangerous employ ment and lost his arms or his legs, he was put out of business. The only means the working man has for making a living for himself and family are the use of his legs and his arms, and when by tlie cnrelessness of employers those lees and those arms are taken off, they have destroyed the employe .taken :i\\ay the means of which he lived, and put him out of business, and every elector of this state, who believes in fair play, believes iv the honest ad ministration of justice, should, at the coming election, rebuke the legislators who saw fit to insist on the disenfran chisement of electors in the nomination of judges in the supreme court. and family, furnish them with medical attention, educate them and purchase all other necessities. Mayor Pratt acquired theae facts through a personal investigation of con ditions made necessary by a proposed raise in the city wage scale. He will urge the adoption of a new wage scale, giving common laborers 25c more per day. The present scale is $2.75 per day. For teamsters he urges that the scale lie raised from $5.50 to $0, the teamsters furnishing their horses and wagons No. 6.