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THE LABOR JOURNAL
Mention the Journal to the merchant who solicits your patron age through these columns. VOL. XX. YOU Always save money at White Sc Hackett Complete Hotel and Homefurnishers 2807 ROCKEFELLER "Courteous Treatment and Your Moneys Worth." MURRAY is selling union-made goods at a reduc tion of 10- per cent to 20 per cent off regular selling prices. Brennan Shoes, made in Randolph, Mass., Factory No. 57, are he very best that can be produced at the price. These goods are all made to our order and come direct from the factory. Try a pair now while you can get them for less. FOR WOMEN AND CHILDREN We also have Huiskamps goods of Keokuk, lowa, Factory No. 343, for women and children. Everything in Our Store Reduced. MURRAY'S SHOE STORE 1707 HEWITT AYE. UNION MADE Call for them Have You Tried (he IBM CIGAR It is an ideal UNION MADE cigar, as good as the name. UNION MADE For Spring - McKIBBIN $3 They are here, and as fine a looking bunch aa would please your eyes, In all the latest shapes and colors. Stiff Hats, Soft Hats and the New Woolly oaea . See Them. Try one on, and you will surely wear a McKIBBIN HAT. The lesdahl Co., toe Stokes Block Phones; Ind. aggY, Sunset noa. Hats Yes They Are UNION HADE "PRICE AND QUALITY COUNT" $3 Everett, Wash. THE LABOR JOURNAL THE OFFICIAL PAPER OF THE EVERETT TRADES COUNCIL Devoted to the Interest Law Must Be Amended or Ended Sympathetic Strike in Phil idelphia--Organized Labor Makes Final Stand in the Quaker City-Plunderbund and the People Declare War to the End. Philadelphia, is in the throes of a great sympathetic strike of organized labor ns a protest against the tmmiei pal and state authorities. Many peo pie condemn the sympathetic strike as entailing suffering on innocent parties and organized labor itself is very chary of invoking thnt weapon. As a matter of fact many great strikes have been lost because other trades refused to en ter the controversy and the employing interests were too strong for the single trade or craft envolved. Whatever may be said against the sympathetic strike desperate conditions demand desperate remedies and in Philadelphia were desperate. Phila delphia is notoriously corporation ridden and the street car company is not the least of these offending corporations. It is not so long ago that we have for gotten the infamous Gas Ring which had the city by the throat, nor the heroic measures adopted to throw off the gang. Philadelphia rose in its civic might and defeated the grafters at the polls but like so many other cities promptly went back to sleep nnd in a few years the old gang was back in the saddle and more firmly en trenched than ever in despotic power. The street car company saw in or ganized labor a check to its thieving ambitions and entered on n policy of extermination of the street car men's union. It broke its agreement with the men and discharged some 500 employes "for the good of the service." The men had no alternative but to strike if they were to hold their organization together. The attempt to run cars with strike breakers was met with violent demon strations by the hot headed clement of the city, not one in ten of which were probably union men. Tlie virulent hat red, which nearly everybody held to ward the street car company apd the gang of which it was a part brought forth violence nnd a few cars were EVERETT TRADES COUNCIL In tho absence of President Stratton, 1 i Vice President Lutz called the Council ' to order at the usual hour. 1 1 By motion business was suspended ■ and the courtesy of the floor extended to Mr. Fowler, of the Pacific Grocery company, who gave an interesting dem- i onstrntion of the methods of canning ffltitl by the home company. The dem onstration was intended to show the: difference in canned goods shipped in | to local stores hy outside companies and tlie home product, and was a reve- 1 lation to those privileged to witness it. Cans of apricots, peaches, tomatoes, pineapples, beets, corn and other fruits . and vegetables sold by outside compan-J ies were opened in rapid succession andi compared with the same fruits ami vegetables put up by the Pacific Gro cery. In every instance the home pro- 1 1 duct was found far superior both in 1 quantity and quality. The home pro duct, known ns Ever-Best and Quality ' goods, were solidly packed, while tho others were half to one third water. ' The retail price of both home and out side products are the same and it was very clearly demonstrated that the pocketbook of pater and the appetite | of pater's family would get a better deal by patronizing the home product. Incidentally in passing it might be men tioned that there were no visible re- j mains of the demonstration after that , hungry' bunch of delegates got through with the canned products. Mr. Fowler concluded his demonstration with a few remarks after which he was given a ria ing vote of thanks by the council. The credentials of S. T. Roberts and H. C. Feiste. of the Linemen, and T. E. Thompson, of the Shingle Weavers, were accepted and the delegates obli gated and seated. By request of tbe carpenters the name of L. Granquiat was removed from tbe unfair list of the council. The Building Trades council reported that the cement worka at the foot of California street had been taken off tbe unfair list and requested the Trades Council to take similar action. By mo tion the plant was ordered erased from the list. The organization committee reported [that the meat cutters, teamster* and EVERETT. WASHINGTON. FRIDAY. MARCH 11, 1910. burned and the strike breakers stoned. This was the pretext which the cor porations' servants, the authorities of the city, were wanting and tlie state constabulary, a military organization, paid for out of the pockets of the tax payers of Pennsylvania, and used for no other purpose than to crush strikers, was rushed to the scene. What con sideration was shown to the public when these armed thugs were brought to Philadelphia to ride down and ter roize its citizens? C. O. Pratt, the great leader of the strikers, who was qualified above all others, to hold those of his men who were inclined to be turbulent, in check, was arrested on a trumped-up charge of "inciting to riot, and thrown in jail. From the first day of the strike the men were willing to submit their cause to arbitration, but the company absolutely refused What consideration was shown the public by the employers in that refusal? No, the burden of blame for this great strike in Phila delphia must lie on the shoulders of the plunderbnnd of that city who would destroy the unions and thus remove an intelligent working force which stood between them and the people's pockets. Distressing as a great sympathetic strike may be, in this case it was the last stand of the working people against the corrupt gang that ruled the city and the end justified Ihe means. Or ganized labor the country over is watch ing the outcome with bated breath. Courts, soldiery, state and municipal authorities, money, influence, position are one side, the right to withold or grant their labor power, on the other side; which will win? If it be the plnnderbund that shall be victorious. God help the organ ized labor movement of Philadelphia. A little used but dreaded and powerful weapon, the sympathetic strike, is on trial in Penn sylvania and the result may mark an epoch in trade union history. stage hands had organized nnd were holding regular meetings and requested the moral rapport of all organized labor of the city. Report by Unions. Barbers—Three by card. Carpenters—Three [initiations; three applications. Linemen—One application. LMMdry Workers —Three initiations. Machinists—One application. Shingle Weavers —Three initiations. Tailors—Three by card; One re-in stated. Pressmen —One by card. AMENDMENTS VOTED TO TRADES COUNCIL CONSTITUTION. Article VI. Sec. 3. In case a union is not represented by a delegate at each regular weekly meeting, his local shall lie liable to an assessuint of not less than 25 cents, unless the delegate has a reasonable excuse. Article VI. Sec. 4. All locals Bhal! be governed by the action of their rep resentatives. Adopted February 25th, 1910; in ef feet March Ist, 1010. All locals to be governed accordingly. R. F. STRAKA, Secretary. LAUNDRY WORKERS GIVE ANNUAL BALL If you have ever attended one of the annual balls given by the Laundry Workers' union, you will remember what a bank up time you had. That bunch of boys and girls are all to the candy when it conies to pulling off a swell time and when it is known that they are to give another of their suc cessful dances next month the dancing portion of Everett's young people will ait up and look interested. Watch for later announcements. Ladias' »nd Children's (hoe* bearing the label of tbe Shoe Workers' Union can be bought at Murray's shoe store. 1707 Hewitt Avenue. Tan to twenty par oast off on all ahoe*. of Organized Labor LADIES I LADIES! BRICKLAYERS WITHDRAWING FROM COUNCIL The Bricklayers' Union voted Wed nesday night to withdraw from the Building Trades Council and go it alone. This is the culmination of an agitation carried on for some time by a few members in secret, to sever connection with the balance of the building trades. Xot all the mem bers of the Bricklayers' union are mixed up in this secession movement by any means. Part of the mem bers are bitterly oposed to the ac- j tion tnken last Wednesday night but j they were in a minority when the mntter came to vote and had to ac- J cept their defeat as gracefully as possible under the circumstances. .lust what the bricklayers hope to accomplish is not apparent. It is hardly possible that they have so little consideration for tlie balance of the building trades that they would go on unfair buildings but if that is not their intention there is no other apparent reason why they should withdraw from the central body. All this talk about "an outlaw body" is pure buncombe. The build ing trades council has existed under its present form of organization for several years and has been very suc cessful in reducing friction over building operations to a minimum and it is absurd to yell "outlaw" at this late day. It is rather humorous too, to yelp "outlaw" in connection with the bricklayers, inasmuch as that International has steadfastly refused to affiliate with the Ameri can Federation of Labor, their latest refusal dating no farther back than their International convention held a few weeks ago. Up to this time the local Brick layers' union has worked in perfect harmony with the building trades, abiding by tho decisions of the Building Trades council. In many other cities the bricklayers have as sumed an entirely different attitude toward the organized labor move ment, holding aloof from central bodies —whether "regular" or "out law" —and paddling their own canoes. Less than a year ago union brick layers from outside cities walked on to two fragrantly unfair jobs in Kv erett that the local bricklayers re fused to work because they were un fair. .lust what act ion the Building Trades council, which meets tonight, will take in the matter of the seced ing bricklayers is problematical. A large amount of brick work is in sight for the coming season and it is very foolish, to say the least, for the bricklayers to take a step out of harmony with the rest of the build ing tradas unions. They will lose a whole lot more than they can ever hope to gain. WILL HOLD BIG METING Xo reply has yet been received from tho ami lap petition the ladies of Mukilteo forwarded to the head office of the lumber company in California. Those interested in the movement to oust the .lap. have, by no means, abated their efforts, nor, they declare, will they ever quit ttntil they have accom plished what they set out to do. The big mill, it is reported, will close down Saturday night for a period of five weeks and it was rumored around Mttk ilteo that when the plant resumed op oration only white labor would bo em ployed. Manager Scott, however, sent the cheerful message to Mrs. Wetstein that as long as the mill stood Japanese would be employed. Mrs. Wetstein is not worried a bit by this information and says the .laps are going to move regardless of what Mr. Scott says in the matter. Arrangements arc under way for a monster mass meeting in this city in the near future to voice the protest of Everett people against the policy of tho Mukilteo .lap herding concern. List of speakers, date an.l place of meeting will be anounced later. NOTICE ! The Journal telephone number has been changed from 681Y to lift. Inde pendent. "DR JACOB SMITH, Specialist, Ms aasea of man, Toggery Bldg, 1606% Hewitt." Declares President Gompers in Current Issue of Amer ican Federationist. Deci sion in Hatters Case Host Momentous to Organized Labor in Past Decade If allowed to Stand it Will Work Havoc With Trade Union Treasuries. And it has come to pass, the hatters are mulcted in the sum of $222,000! The Taff-Vale decision of Englnnd against the railroad employes which was wiped out by the Traces Dispute act of the British parliament of 1006 has been re vivified and applied to the organized workers of the United States. A brief resume of the important events of the hatters' case mny be help ful to a better understanding of the principles involved. After a trial lasting more than sev enteen weeks the federal circuit court for the District of Connecticut render ed n verdict of $222,000 against 200, members of the United Hatters of Xorth America in favor of Loewe hat manufacturers of Danbury, Conn. Thej case was brought under the provisions of the Sherman anti-trust law. The complaint alleged that the hatters con spired against Loewe & Co., to injure the company's business, through a boy i cott, and that this was in restraint of trade in interstate commerce and in violation of the Sherman anti-trust law. Damages in the sum of $80,000 were al leged and under the anti-trust act three fold damages were demanded. Upon motion of the hatters the case in the first instance was dismissed by the fed eral circuit court of Connecticut, sub stantially on the ground that the or ganization not being engoged in any trade or commerce its act could not be regarded ns in restraint of trade and hence its "boycott" was not in con travention of the Sherman anti-trust law. Txiewe took an appeal to the cir-; cuit court of appeals, and Loewe and the hatters agreed that the circuit court of appeals should "certify" the case so that the case could be passed upon by the United States supreme court. That court rendered its decision Feb ruary S, 1008, revising the decision of the court ltelow in dismissing the case and remanded the case for trial on the complaint. The trial commenced the first Monday in October. 1000, and the verdict for $222.00 damages was awarded against the hatters on Feb ruary 4, 1010. The judge in his charge denied the jury the right to judge the facts. He instructed them to simply i determine the amount of damages the hatters were to pay. with the result stated above. An appeal will be taken upon several important points involved' in the case, and a new element in the fundamental principles involved may find its way into the case when the ap peal is prepared, presented and argued. The question which the supreme court was called upon to decide was whether under section seven of the Sherman anti trust law the Loewe company could; maintain an action against the hatters. The court decided in the affirmative (busing its decision upon the nllega tion tbat the Hattters' organization is a combination in the form of a trust and its "boycott" against the Loewe company's hats was an interference with a free flow of trade between the states, and therefore in restraint of tratle) and that the Loewe company might maintain the suit and recover threefold damages. In conection here with it must be borne in mind that under sections one and two of the Sher- j man anti-trust law, if the supreme court's decision shall hold and remain in force, the hatters' organization and every other labor organization may be proceeded against by any prosecuting 1 officer of the federal government and the men of labor punished by a fine of $5,000 and by imprisonment for a year. Incidenally it may be mentioned that since this decision was rendered the hat manufacturers entered into a combi nation i which by analogy might be termed a conspiracy) , the effect of which was a lockout to enforce non union conditions, tending to a reduc tion in wages and with all of ita other evils; that after a defensive struggle of nearly ele»*n months the Hatters won their contest, and that nearly all the establishments in which the lock- THE LABOR JOURNAL Is the official organ of the Trades Council, and is read by the labor ing men and women of Everett. i out occurred are now again in agree -1 ment with the Hatters' union. In the case in point, the lockout of the hat manufacturers against the union, they 1 exercised their legal right to use their combined power to coerce the members I of the Hatters' union to accept the em ployers' conditions. Xo one haled them to court nor dreamed of so doing. It was coercion; it was the coercion which they were legally entitled to exercise. ,If the wage-working hatters in defense lof their rights and their interests, made the coercive methods of the hat manufacturers abortive, and thereafter i entered into an agreement to renew or to improve the relations of the two [ parties, it waa an act directly in the interest of both, involving and result - I I ing in the public good. Tlie amazing view which the supreme court took in its decision is that the . Hatters' union attempted to "force all i manufacturers against their will" to make agreements with the union. As ; a matter of fact, time and events have , demonstrated beyond cavil of a doubt that industrial peace and the best pos sible relations obtain in the voluntary agreement entered into between the em ployers and organized workers. The Hatters' union was not engaged in trade or business and had nothing to sell In competition with Loewe. The court, in reaching its decision, did not consider this important feature, that even if the boycott against Loewe was successful there would be no lessening lof the number of hats manufactured and used, that it would simply mean a transfer of the trade from Loewe 4 Co. Ito some other and fairer hat manufac turer. Sines the supreme court decided that labor unions are punishable under trust penalties, we feel that it is necessary to point °ut how widely different is a labor union from a trust; for upon these vital and fundamental differences of the two are based the main reasons for the insistence that the voluntary organizations of labor shall not under the law be regarded as in the same cate ; gory as trusts and illegal combinations !in restraint of trade. A labor organization is not a trust: | none of its attributes, methods, or ! achievements in behalf of its members 1 and society at large can properly be confounded with the pernicious and sel fish activities of the illegal trust. A trust, even at its best, is an or ganization of the few to monopolize the production and control the distribution jof material products. The voluntary , associatio of the workers for mutual benefit and assistance is essentially ' different. Even if they seek to con I trol the disposition of their labor power, the power to labor is not a material j commodity. It is not a product. It ts } the personal power of a human being. The human power to produce is the antithesis of the material commodities which become the subject of trust con trol. The ownership of a free man is vested in himself alone. The only reason for the ownership of bondment or slaves is the ownership of their labor power by their masters. If freemen's ownership of themselves , involves their labor power, none but themselves are owners of their labor power. The product of a free man is his own. If he, by c tioice or by reason of his environment, sells his labor power to another and is paid a wage in return therefor, the wage is his own. These propositions are so essentially true that they are the underlying philosophy upon whictt is based the en tire structure of private property. Tn question or to attempt to destroy theae principles involves the entire structure of civilized society. The freeman's ownership of himself ' snd hia labor power implies that be | may sell it to another or withhold It; (Continued on Page Four.) No. 8.