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THE LABOR JOURNAL
Mention the Journal to the merchant who solicits your patron age through these columns. VOL. XX. M M "PRICE AND W B fi QUALITY COUNT" Always save money White Sc Hackett Complete Hotel and Homefurnishers 2807 ROCKEFELLER "Courteous Treatment and Your Moneys Worth." MURRAY Has the Largest Line of Union Made Shoes In the City HURRAYS SHOE STORE 1707 HEWITT AYE. UNION Call for them Have You Tried the Mil CIGAR It is an ideal UNION MADE cigar, as good as the name. U IN I O IN MADE Big Discount AT THE REMOVAL SALE > The JESDAHL CO., i Incorporated CORNER WETMORE AND HEWITT. EVERETT at Phones; Ind. 299Y, Sunset 1102. MADE THE LABOR JOURNAL THE OFFICIAL PAPER OF THE EVERETT TRADES COUNCIL Devoted to the Interest MORE MEN ARE NEEDED A Niggardly Policy of Fire Protection to Be Deplored. "Penny wise nnd pound foolish" seems to fit us like the paper on the wall when the local fire protection situation is considered. We are tin willing to provide the wherewithal for proper apparatus and men to man it and when a fire occurs with which the fire men are unable to uopo wn yell our heads off about our lack of fire pro tection and berate the men who are doing the best they can with the faci lities provided. We haven't men en ough and we haven't apparatus e,n ough and in each case it is a lack of funds. There is little inducement for good men to take the examination with a view to joining the department at the present remuneration. We hove had several disastrous fires in the last year which ought to serve as a warn ing, lie would be called a mighty poor business man who didn't insure his business against, possible loss by fire and charge the expense to his business, what shall be said of a city that pur sues the even tenor of its way and per sistently ignore the rapid growth of its business district in the matter oi adc uate fire protection? The »ty ol San Francisco at its last municipal election raised substantially the pay of the city firemen nnd put the department gen erally on a better footing. But it took the holocaust of 1906 to do it. Isn't it better to raise funds for proper fire protection in Everett if we have to bond the city to do it than to continue running the risk of a possible confla gration that will make all former fires look like a chimney fire in comparison LABOR NOTES. How much hove you done for the union label this year? The building trades in Geruiniiy are anticipating a heavy fight this spring, but have been preparing for it for n loug time. Boston has nu Independent Order of Culinary nnd Domestic Workers' union, n large number of the members tf which are ltnllnns. Perhaps the greatest benefit of union labor lies iv the fact that so many millions are united in the struggle for better conditions among men. since iiie Introduction of the eight hour da; in the ranks of the cigar makers of the Hutted States within the last few ye.-irs the average life of men engaged In tlie ernft has increas ed (ifteen years. President William D Buber of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners says that at the rate the or ganization is growing nt present he experts tlie paid up membership to puss (be 200.1X10 mark by June .'!0, the end of the calendar year. UNFAIR LIST RINTERS—Knisely Printing Co. 3001 Wetmore. Kane & Har cus, Proprs. BRICK LAYERS—O. A. Wheeler, Dan McCarthy, Barney Grant, and all bricklayers on Presby terian church. MITCHELL HOTEL, Barber Shop, Bar and Cafe. CEMENT WORKER—Pettit, Sr C. R. SCHWEITZER, Plumber. WAHLGREN ELECTRIC CO. MODERN PLUMBING & HEAT ING CO. ACME ICE CREAM CO. ROBERTSON & WARREN PLUMBING CO., 3318 Everett. R. Springer, of Springer's Bazaar, 1313 Hewitt avenue. Warehouae foot of California street. P. Sampson, contractor. CARPENTERS —D. Jardlne, C. J Hand, Piatt, Paddock, Ridgewey 1402 Grand; Mr. Steel. PAINTERS — John Engblom, Thos. J. Mort, E. E. Neal. ELKS' BUILDING —Cor. Buckar and California. PLASTERERS —W. A. Allyn, Willard, C. Wheeler, A. E. Wright. Booth. BARBER S-Wm. Whit taker, Lassaß. BUTTER STORE — Eaaton ft Weston, Cow Butter store, cor. Hewitt and Hoyt. Clarence S. Tripp. CONCRETE APARTMENT HOUSE, corner Norton end Ps cifie By order EVERETT TRADEB COUNCIL. EVERETT. WASHINGTON. FRIDAY. JUNE 3. 1910. LAUNDRY GIRLS WIN HIGHER WAGE STRIKE Magnificient Support Received From the Public an Important Factor—Concerted Action of Workers Only Solution of Present Day Problems. One week marked the duration of the laundry workers' strike. From Monday morning to Saturday evening the bat tle waxed furious, neither side asking nor giving quarter. It appeared Sat urday morning that the strike would run over into another week, but mem bers of both sides got together during the ufternoon and held a talkfest which resulted in paving the way for an ultimate settlement. Saturday ev ening another conference between em ployers and employes was held which resulted in a committee being appointed from the laundrymen's association to Confer with the ertwtutive ; 'otmmittee of the strikers with a view of arrang ing a settlement. The two commit tees met in the Labor Temple between 9 and 10 o'clock and in the best of feeling discussed the situation. A basis of settlement was finally agreed upon after both sides had submitted propo sitions and counter propositions, the pipe of peace was passed around the circle, nnd the strike was over, It was a victory for the strikers and well earned. These are the terms of settlement A straight 10 per cent increase is grant ed over the previous scale to all the inside help) every Striker who wished to return to work is re instated in his or her old position; the scale is signed by the employers for a term of two years. In return the executive com mittee agreed to reduce the fines placed against the three members who deserted to a minimum figure. From the very outset it was apparent that an overwhelming public sentiment was with the strikers. It was sii clear ly shown that the wag* s, ..ft' In force was entirely inadequate to meet the absolute needs of the women workers on account of the small number of hours actually worked per week, that the justice of the demands could not be denied. Public sympathy stayed with the strikers from beginning to end of the trouble and was a potent factor in bringing about a favorable settlement. The originality of the girls displayed in the tactics adopted pleased the pub lie and kept them wondering what new stunt the strikers had up their sleeve and when it would be pulled off. The EVERETT TRADES COUNCIL President Moncur called the council to order at 8 o'clock. A communication was read from the United Hatters urging members of or ganized Jabor to call for the Union label. Same was referred to the dele gates with the request that they urge the necessity ujion their members of complying with the request of the hat ters. A communication was read from the Rose Theatre in reference to a matter at issue with the stage workers. Sec retary was instructed to reply in writ ing that as it involved a question of law with their organization the council could take no action in the matter. The strikes and boycotts committee reported that they were unable to come to any understanding looking to an amicable adjustment lietween the Acme Ice Cream company and the council. The report was accepted and by motion the action taken by the plumbers was complied with, nnd the Acme Ice Cream company placed on the unfair list of the Everett Trades Council. Building Trades Council reported that A. Ericson had been placed unfair. The members of the Shirt, Waist and Laundry Workers nnd the Laundry Drivers' unions were present in a body and. Business Agent Pollard, and the officials of the organizations affected in the strike told the council in detail the progress of the trouble since the walkout of Monday morning. A writ ten request was presented asking the concurrence of the council in declaring Everett laundries unfair. By motion, council concurred in the action. Similar action was immediately taken by the Building Trades council and same re ported to the Trades Council. A motion was carried that a committee of two be appointed by the council to aid the executive committee of the strikers in prosecuting the strike or bringing about a settlement of the trouble. F. (3. Pol lard of the Cooks and Waiters, and E. P. Marsh, of the shingle weavers, were appointed to act for the council. Report by Unions. Carpenters —One initiation; donated *50 to the strikers: will make a dis cuasion of the union label a regular order of business at their next meeting Oooks and Waiters -Condition good Cigar Makers Business dull in theit line but apparently aa many eigart -moked as ever; boost for the blue la bel and put some more eigarmakers at work. of Organized Labor amount of work given to the girls in I their whirlwind soliciting campaign sur prised even them and made lliem go some to handle it all. Everybody wanted to give them their work and for about a week the Labor Temple looked like n big laundry. Soiled linen end clean linen, shipping boxes and crates, filled the office until, there wasn't room to take a long breath. Oh, there was something doing iv the laundry busi ness, all right. Now that it is all over, however, the Labor Temple force are willing to confess that they don't con template entering the laundry business las a regular occupation. No, thanks! It has been claimed that this strike was fought and won by the public. This is not altogether true. Public sentiment is a very important factor to deal with in any Industrial struggle, but the strike must be won (if won at all) by the solidarity id' the workers involved. If this strike had been called nnd half of the workers had stayed in the plants and those who were out been half-hearted or timid in their conduct of the strike, public sentiment would have been a very negative quantity. It was the fact that, these girls came out iv a body, not knowing how long it would take nor how near starvation they might be before the strike was settled, that won the admiration of the public. And it was the determination nnd get-up-and-get quality they dis played in the conduct of the strike that held public attention and insured pub lic support. There are girls in other occupations who work as hard and probably receive as little remuneration and half the public don't know anything about it. The same desire for better working conditions ami the same latent possi bilities of organization arc present. The laundry workers, through their union training, had learned the lesson of intelligent co-operation and when the supreme test came were able to act in concert. They could make a noise loud enough to be heard by the public and the public heeded. There is a lesson here for working girls and women in other occupations, Tn this age of combination (individual jeffjort don't count for much, collective effort is what brings results. Linemen —good meeting; donated $25 to the strikers. Inside Wiremcn All members of their ernft in the city unionized: will aid the strikers in every way possible. laundry Workers — None working just at present. Machinists—Two initiations. Plumbers —Good meeting. Shingle Weavers—Two initiations; donated $4 0 to strikers. Printers—Will aid strikers morally and financially. Meat Cutters—Preparing for big bar becue at Silver Lake in the near future ami want the boys to join them. Teamsters—Throe initiations; three applications. Labor* Memorial Day. The second Sunday In May Is labor's memorial day. Responding to a wide spread sentiment, the Norfolk conven tion of the American Federation of Labor In 1907 recommended that as the date on which throughout the Ju risdiction of the American labor move ment meu and women might assemble and give public recognition to the services for labor performed by de parted fellow workers. The observ ance of the day promises to become more general year by year. The offi cial orgaua of the International unions and the labor press as a whole are i making mention of the approach of the date and suggesting appropriate ceremonies for the occasion. There's not a community In all the land which haa not had noble examples of devo Hon and self sacrifice among the mem bers of organized labor who are no longer among the living. Here's to our absent coraradeal— A met lean Federa- Uonist. What Labor Demands. Ludlow has boon kuowu as a "model mill town" The recent disclosures raise the question whether the model could not be very much improved. What the real American workingman wants Is not so much gymnasiums and pool rooms as fair wages and steady work and (he self respecting Inde pendence that cornea from ability Juet ly recognized and squarely dealt with. . —Boston Journal. 11 l will !»■ a candidate for the nomina tion of Sheriff of Snohomish County, subject to the approval of the voters in ' the coming primary election * JOHN H MACK (PAID ADVERTISEMENT.) NOTICE TO VOTERS AID THIS MEASURE Eight Hour Bill Before Congress Must Receive Instant Support. Congress has under consideration a bill ti> extend the provisions of the eight-hour law to all government work, whether performed at first hand or by private forms under the contract sys tem. Undoubtedly this was the intent of the framer of the original measure! but the peculiarities of phraseology ami the convenient latitude of legal minds have prevented the consumma- tion of the intention. While all unions are very much in terested in the extension proposed, the men engaged in the iron industry are especially concerned, for the reason that they do a great deal of government work and most of them have to toil longer than eight hours. The American Federation uf Lnjbor and all the labor organization! east, and south are heartily in favor of house bill No. 16,441, and senate hill No. o.riT.S. The house and senate labor committee is discussing the advisability of broadening the law. This body will be addressed by learned lawyers who will describe the fearful results for sundry millionaires should the recog nized American workday become law. Do your part. There is no need describe to a trade-union constituency the reasons for urging the adoption of the bill. They arc known. Write a let ter to Congressman Sylcster C. Smith ami Senator Frank Flint—both of California—who are on the committee. Tell them you are in favor of the adop t ion of the real eight-hour law, urge them to vote for it ami advocate its passage in congress. THE CAUSE OF STRIKES. Logical Outcome of Our System of It is not tlie workmen who are chief ly at fault for the inconsistency and inefficiency of most payroll disburse ments, but the system generally used in handling the workmen. Under the system that oftenest exists we caunot expect the workman to be much differ ent from what be is. If we were In his place we should probably do ns ho does. We should want to make the best living wo could for our families, and if by working honestly nnd con scientiously we could not make any more money and If we had tried it over and over again nnd still could not got any more, even though we did twice or three times as much as the poorer worker beside us, we should do the same thing the average worker now does—namely, come to the con clusion that the system under which we were working had no provision for compensating the Individual according to his deserts and Hint the only way we COUid get more money for our serv ices would bo to get the wage rate of our class raised aml take stops to tins end. This is exactly what the men do The employer has forced them into a class by keeping their wages uniform and it Is but a short step from aucb a class to a union. With the union cornea first collective bargaining, then de mands, then strikes. This Is ;i logical series, for a successful bargainer al ways wants n better bargain next time, and the demand that is success fill Is very apt to be followed later by one that will yield more still, even If it takes force to sustain it —H. 1. Qantt in Engineering Magneto* Shirt Waist Girls to Parade. ArrnnfUMHltl have been made for ■ May day paraile of 30.000 shirt waist girls lit New York city. The parade will consist only of the girl shirt waist workers of the greater city and will tie divided Into seven divisions. There will be ten bands of music, and the route will be through east side streets The parade has been arranged to cele brate both the International labor day and the victory recently achieved by girls In the general strike for union conditions and wage scales. There will also be n great number of tloats. in which there will be girls symhollz ing the international solidarity of la her and the significance of the interna tkHMI labor day. Automobiles. In which will be the pickets of the recent groat strike, will be another feature of the parade. Gompert on the Sherman Law. "If Inlmr unions cannot live under the anti trust law the law will have to go," said Samuel Ciomiiors, president of the American Federation of Labor, iv a recent address at Chicago. Mr Compers discussed the reoeut decision of the federal court In Connecticut, which assessed dntnages against the United Hatters of North America for Injuring the business of a firm against which the union had a strike. "The Sherman anti-trust law as tt now exists Is not au anti-trust law," he said, it Is an ami association law. 1 hold that whnt oue or a hundred men may do lawfully as individuals may be done by tlie same men collectively. To make the power of the employer abso lute over the wage earner Is the pur pose of the law as Interpreted by the oourta." THE LABOR JOURNAL Is the official organ of the Trades Council, and is read by the labor ing men and women of Everett. PARTIES NOT DESTROYED But Rather Protected by Good Direct Primary Law. The opponents oi' the direct primary nave often claimed tliat that system of nomination for public, office, tended to destroy party. It is interesting iv that connection to read the statement of Senator Jonathan M. Bourne of Ore gon. Senator Bourne hales from a state which is way out on the firing line of popular or reform government and anything emanating from a states man who has been in a position to watch the inside working of popular government is extremely interesting. Here is how Senator Bourne answers that complaint: "Many claim that pri mary laws destroy party, hi my opin ion they protect and cement parties. Party success depend-, under primary laws, upon the ideas and principles ad vocated and the nominations made by the parties in their primaries. If a majority party fails to make proper nominations, '>r if the minority party j has better material in its electorate, then a minority party would rapidly develop into a majority party, and j rightly si>. Under a direct primary law Ino individual can acquire a large per sonal following or build Up a personal organization, except such a following as would support the individual on ac count of the principles advocated by him or the demonstration made by him as a public servant. But no man would be able to transfer such a following for or agahist another individual, though he might influence thousands vot ers to support his ideas, constructive, suggestions, or proposed solutions of pending problems. This does not de stroy party, but elevates and strength ens it, and fortunate, indeed, is that party which possesses in its electorate one or more individuals who are able to advance new ideas or evolve solu tions which appeal to the sound judg ment of his fellow-men." Keystone Overalls at the Boston. INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE. Pressing Need of Medical Inspection of Factories. To the literature of industrial hy giene, still meager, but rapidly grovr : ing iv this country, the report on the work of the state inspectors of health of Massachusetts is a welcome addi tion. The work has been uuder the direction of William C. Hanson, M. D., author of "Effect of Industry on Health." This report of 100 pages summarizes the results of investigations by fifteen medical inspectors for the year ending Nov. 1, 1908, and Includes first inspec tions of about 3,000 factories, more than 1,000 of which were reiuspected. several a third and even a fourth time. Five hundred and twenty-oue minors were found to be in ill health or physically unfit for work. Suggestive of the need of medical Inspection of factories outside the three states now having inadequate provisions for that purpose are the fre quent references to problems of occu pational hygiene, such as "naphtha druuks" In the patent leather and rub ber industry, dangerous dusts and fumes in numerous employments and ; mallguaut pustule in the curled hair Industry. Dr. Harry Ltnenthnl of Roxbury deserves special praise for 1 his contributions upon these questions. As a result of labor legislation re quiring scientific met hods In investiga tion a large number of manufacturers have suibleuly awakened to the knowl edge that It is to their own Interest to provide hygienic conditions for their work people.—Survey. Pittsburg to Employ Union Men. Pittsburg Is to be a "union shop," so far as city employees are concerned, according to uu announcement made jby Director of Public Works Joseph D. Armstrong. The director states that hereafter nil applicants applying for city Jobs must |be union men nnd that in case the | civil service does not certify union ! men to him he will insist upon the ap , pointees Joining n union before going ; to work Mr. Armstrong states that he prom ised this to the unions when he, with other city officials, was stumping the city In n bond issue campaign last fall Ho argued before Hie salary re vision committee recently that nil city lalxir be paid eurivnt onion «:i_-os and aided In havlnt tlie w.ilm's of all city employees mli ancod Labor Legislation Congress. The si\i!i biennial .'.m-rt'ss of the Internal lonal \MKM'IatU>O I'ur Labor Legislation will l.c ii !d at Lugano, Switzerland. Si-pi V< -V line) l-our teen national hi-, ii ins arc now nulled in this iiiiertiaii<ouit oreniilzntloii, which I'lililisln - an Inieriinttoußl qunrterlv rawica -it tabor legislation I ami conducts a soientlrli bureau at | Basel. Sw iizerlund The American assoclntlun will prob |ably be represented at I.ugnno by alz | delegates. No. 20.