Newspaper Page Text
THE LABOR JOURNAL
Mention tbe Journal to the merchant who solicits your patron age through these columns. VOL. XX. Our Goods and Prices Will Suit You Inspect Our New Line White Sc Hackett Complete Hotel and Homefurnishers 2807 ROCKEFELLER "Courteous Treatment and Your Money s Worth." MURRAY Has the Largest Line of Union Made Shoes In the City MURRAY'S SHOE STORE 1707 HEWITT AYE. U IN I O IN Call for them Have You Tried the mvi CIGAR It is an ideal UNION MADE cigar, as good as the name. UNION MADE Big Discount AT REMOVAL The JESDAHL CO., Incorporated CORNER WETMORE AND HEWITT. EVERE 1 of Furniture Phones; Ind. 299 V, Sunset 116 a. THE /VI A O E THE LABOR JOURNAL THE OFFICIAL PAPER OF THE EVERETT TRADES COUNCIL Devoted to the Interest MACHINISTS DETERMINED To Win Eight Hour Strug gle in Which They Are Engaged—Organizer Re ports Men Standing Firm Everywhere. Organizer Lane, nf the Machinists' union, wns in th,. city Wednesday and attended the regular meeting of the lo cal in tlie evening. Mr. Lane speaks optimistically of the prospects for a speedy victory in the eight-hour day struggle He reports that many indi vidual shop owners would gladly grant the demand of the strikers for an eight hour day. hut are held in line by their affiliation with the metal trades' em ployers' association, which is making a desperate stand and is using every ef fort to keep its lineup intact. The fact, stales Mr. Lane, that there arc very few skilled men in the Kast that can be prevailed upon to conic West to take the places of striking ma chinists is working ruination to the em ployers* plans and is causing them to lose money right and left The strik ers along the entire coast are standing firm and there is no dissension among their ranks. They are receiving their strike benefits regularly and are mak ing n winning fight. Since the last official report on con ditions was Issued by the officials in charge Of the strike, nood headway lias been made by the strikers. In Los Angeles 12 shops have granted the eight-hour day and given employment to about ninety men and several other shops in thai city nre at this time ar ranging for conference with the strike officials. In Stockton all shops, but two. have signed up. Knur shops have been gained in Portland since the lust report aud work in shops that are still out is absolutely at n standstill In Seattle 24 shops have signed up. 11l Vancouver f I*. ('.. five shops employing fiO men have granted the eight-hour day. In Tacoma a large shop that granted the eight-hour day early in the game is working two eight-hour shifts and still another shop has signed up since last report appeared in The .lour nal.. The employers have put up a stub born fight but no more stubborn than that of tho striking machinists. Every argument the employers can think of to convince the public that tho grant ing of an eight-hour day moans ruina tion to tho industry on the Pacific Coast is being used, but it is not hard to unravel (ho sophistry of tho argu ment, Tho experience of every industry in tho country thnt has adopted tho shorter workday rises up to refute the calamity howl of the employers. All the resolutions of the various chambers of commerce cannot combat the evi dence produced by the industries thnt have inaugurated and maintained the eight hour workday with increased ef ficiency of workmen nnd output. Locally, the strike situation is well in band, Not a man that went out has deserted nor is a man dissatisfied. They arc content to await the outcome, knowing that v break in the metal trades' association mnks must come ere long or else many shop owners will go bankrupt, The situation looks good and v material change in the situation favorable to the machinists may bo looked for at any time. (PAID ADVERTISEMENT.) CANDIDATE FOR COUNTY COMMIS- I hereby announce myself us a ceadi date for County Com missioner, Second District, subeci to Republican Primary, September 13. 1910. ANDREW KANGA. (PAID ADVERTISEMENT.) I hereby announce my candidacy for Justice of the Peace for Kverett Pre eifici on the Republican ticket, at tin' Primary election to be held September 13, 1910. NOAH SHAKESPEARE. (PAID ADVERTISEMENT.) The undersigned is a candidate for re-nomination as a Justice of the Peace of Kverett Precinct, Snohomish County. Wash, subject to lb-publican Primary election on September 18, cm WILLIAM SHELLER, (PAID ADVERTISEMENT.) CANDIDATE FOR COUNTY I hereby announce myself as a candi date for rc-Moininution for the office of CoiUitv Treasurer. Subject to the Pri nan election, September IS, mm. c. i.. LA WRY. (PAID ADVERTISEMEN' NOTICE TO VOTERS. I will be a candidate for the nomina tion of Sheriff of Snohomish County, suliject to the approval of the voters in the coming primary election JOHN H. MACK. (PAID ADVERTISEMENT.) I hereby announce myself as a candi date for Tntatttt of the Peace, Everett Precinct, subject to the September pri ■vary election. P. K. LEWIS. EVERETT. WASHINGTON. FRIDAY, JULY. 15, 1910. PRES. CASE VISITS CITY Addresses Central Body and Delivers Inspiring Address to Delegates Present—Direct Legisla tion Declared to be Main Issue Before Voters This Fall. President Case, of the Washington State Federation of Labor, paid Kverett a short but highly profitable visit last Friday. No one in the labor movement of the state is more welcome iv Kverett than Charlie Case. For several years he was a lending figure in the union movement of the city and ninny men in the city remember anil admire him for the sterling work he performed here. We only regret that tlie larger field of work to which he lias been called renders his visit to this ciy few and far between. Mr. Case look ndvnntage of his short visit to attend the meeting of the central body and gave a splendid address. Direct Legislation was the topic upon which he dwelt most and which ho seems to have thoroughly at heart. Mr. (,'nso is treasurer of the state league and active in its work. He spoke in part as follows: For over five years I was a member of the Everett Trades council and al ways tried to do my level best for its success in tho trade union field While my duties compelled me to take up my residence elsewhere. I never forget, the boys in Everett and each week T eagerly pick up your union paper to see what you have been doing. You are to be complimented as a body and as indi viduals for the splendid progress you have made and for your intelligent di rection of union affairs. Everett is maintaining its far-famed reputation ns one of the best organized towns on the coast. i have but recently returned from an extended visit to the various towns of Eastern Washington and everywhere I find n growing interest in the work of organization. Conditions in the inland empire are vastly different from what they were two or three years ago. Walla Walla, Pasco. Yakima and other cities now have thriving organizations where formerly organized crafts were few in number and membership. This is the era of organization and a spirit seems prevalent of a conscious need of mutual help which presages big things for the unions of Eastern Washington. I visited two conventions which were of much interest and help to mo. one of the fanners' union, in Idaho and an other of the Grange in Pullman. In both I found a spirit of sympathy with our aims. We have so many things in common and the farmers nre learning so fast that they ueed our aid no less than we need theirs. I am a member of the grange and therefore doubly inter ostd in their work. 1 went to their con vention for several purposes but found when I got there that they had such an intelligent grasp of the questions that concerned us as wage workers and 9uch an apparent desire to co-operate with us thnt there was hut little need to voice my desires. My work was already done before I got there. I want to tell you that the trade union movement can learn some things from the farmers' grange in effective ness or organization For instance, ev ery local grange must affiliate with the state body, thus adding 100 per cent to the working power of the state body. So much of our time is taken up in urging affiliation that might more profitably be spent in propagation and education. Again, every member must liberally support the state grange. We get what we pay for and if we are cramped for funds to carry on the work, the work must necessarily suffer. Again, every granger receives regularly a. copy of his grange paper I want to take this occasion to emphasize the power of the press as an eduea tional factor. Many of us think we couldn't keep house without our even ing or morning daily, but we won't do a thing to support our own press, which defends and upholds our movement at all times and in nil places. If we would read our own publications how much wider a grasp we would have of the l rade. union movement and how much better acquainted we would become with the efforts put forth everywhere by organized labor. The crying need of the times in the way of legislation is a Direct Uogisla tion law on the statute hooks of the state of Washington. Under our pres ent system the most of our time and energy during legislative sessions h spent trying to maintain legislative en ailment v hieh we have previously sc oured in lalxu's interests. In the ses sion of 1H0.! we scoured the passage of the eight hour law on puhlic works. We seourd it without apparent oppo sition. Ido not rcmemher that a single vote was passed against it in the house The BnMaatiaa was unorganized. But of Organized Labor Beating' Up Unionism—The Legal Viewpoint it wns to Im> expected that Mr. Tuft would urge congress to defeat labor's demand thai labor organisations be exempted from prosecution under the Sherman anti-trust law. The United .States supreme court has already decided that labor or ganizations come within the Sherman restrictions against conspiracy in restraint of trade. Mr. Taft is a lawyer. No lawyer makes reputation by reversing decisions of the United Sates supreme court. The vast majority of lawyers and all the keepers of "upon shop" will say it is sound law. The law classes men's sweat and toil with bacon, lumber, leather, fuel and other ordinary commodities. The heart, soul, well-being and fnl are of the workman are nothing before the law . W hat labor is good for, per day. in the abstract is considered by the law. That labor means flesh and blood, wear aud tear on human life, consumption ot living beings is nothing before the law. An organization to economize on life, force justice from mammon and compel greed to yield natural opportunity for progress is. at law. as much a criminal conspiracy as it is to form a steel or oil trust and get fat through a merciless monopoly. Such is the law. The United States sit pre n irl -ays so. But it is not justice, morality or humaneness. Mr. Tuft was right iv saying that the labor organizations want only equality before the law. They want the equality of men with men. not that of men with dol lars, with lumber, with shoe leather, or with smoked hog. In securing this exemption they wanted recognition of tlie principle thnt human labor, life and hope are not subjects to be put into market as ordinary commodities to he hid for and sacrificed cheaply as human needs demand. Hut you cannot convince many lawyers of the Tnft school that there is any point in this. With such, it is conspiracy, inequality, class move ment to seek to prevent organized capital's bribing one hungry man to take another's job. With such, the "open shop" is an institution of the highesi order of freedom. They cannot see it as the very auction of all freedom". In making himself conspicuous iv the defeat of this demand of tin- la bor organizations Mr. Tuft has un necessarily taken another false stty. Evidently, he is still being made a cat Spa W by the same old gang (hat has been making a show of him ever since he first squatted in Ihe presi tial chair. Seattle Star. ns soon ns it became law and in work ing order the employers organized bn defeat its purpose if not to repeal it and ever since we have had a constant tight. At the last session we intro duced the eight hour law for women. One hundred and fifty manufacturers organized to defeat that hill. They came to Olympia in their special train. They threatened, stormed, bullied and accom plished their purpose. You know the hill failed to pass. Under Direct Leg islation if a majority of the people want a thing they can get it despite the opposition of employers and their friends in the legislature. l>o you' think a legislator would dare to pass a measure or repeal a measure when he knew that the power of recall lay with the voters of the state and would bo used, if the action of flic legislature was adverse to the wishes of a majority of the voters'; Employers know thai with the initiative, referendum and recall employers will get no special privileges unless a majority of the people want them to have them. If the referendum were in force do you think the last legislature would have dared to repeal that section of thej direct primary law dealing with the nomination "f supreme court judges! Direct Legislation is an abaolue cheek on the legislature and a guarantee of pure government. The majority of the voters may be safely trusted with any public measure upon which they are iin formed and if they are not informed they are going to say to the legis lature. "Hold up that measure until we can have a look at it." There is little or no incentive for a legislature to bar ter away the rights of the people or to pass vicious legislation when tin' last word in the matter is going to come from the people. Direct Legislation will not come with out effort on our part. The corpora tions and the large employers of labor are going to fight it. After we get the submission of a const it uional amend meat for approval the battle is not over. The Baopb must be kept aroused. Those who have not studied the queatioa must be educated. Propaganda work must go on and on. Candidates for the legisla-I tore must be pledged ou the matter ol submitting a oonstitninnal amendment. We must bear this expense ourselves the corporations are not going to con tribute to such v campaign fund. There is no other issue so |M.rtentions to us in the coming campaign it is the key that will open the door to other re forms. I want to urge the unions that have as yet taken no action in the matter to help furnish the sinews nf war. We have always stood for the initiative and referendum. At every session of the legislature for the past eight years we have heW behind a direct legislation bill. Kor years we stood alone. Pub lie sentiment is becoming aroused ou the subject now; the demand for direct legislation is nation wide. It would ill beeeaae us as unionists to stand for this issue so long and become apathetic about it now when the beginning of the end is in sighl. We must still stand hob md it with oifr influence, our votes and our dollars until the initiative, rof .> < imllliii an.l ni all In-, mm* part nf t hi' constitution nf iii' -i.it.- nf Washing)on And after thai We must still stand he i hind it. Organized labor is the Intel t ligent, concentrated effort that must t stand in the van of all labor, always on - the aggressive, always on the alert for . the welfare of all who toil. ■ GROCERS' BIG DAY NEXT WEDNES DAY AT TULALIP ■ I I Grocers' Day at Tulalip has come lo ' he as much an annual event in Everett '.as the Fourth of Inly and is celebrated • a whole lot more regularly Wednesday. F.July lOtb, is the big day this war I I when the grocers ami their friends will I make their annual pilgrimage to Tu ' lalip for a day of merrymaking. House -1 I wives should remember that there is ' I nothing doing in the grocery line that *!day as all stores will be closed and do ' | their shopping Tuesday. i\ . ! PAINTERS RE-AFFILIATE ) .1 I Faces that have been missed from their accustomed places in the trades I council and building trades corneal for 1 j some months w ill be welcomed back ! | tonight at the meet ing of the central ' bodies as the painters' union. by a I practically unanimous vote, decided at ( their last meeting to re affiliate and f, establish their old relatione with Of i' ganized labor in the city. The painters f are to be congratulated on the wisdom • of their action. The Journal regretted 1 their action at the time they decided • to pull away from tin- central b.slies c and stateil that it was not to the best i* interest of themselves or organized la - Isir of the city. The Journal unites i withe the affiliated unions of the city I in welcoming them back to the fold. MOOSE CLIMBING FAST Everett afooaedom received a decided r boost last Friday evening when I lie t' largest class yet initiated was given - the work at Fraternal hall. I'll* new '. officer*, headed by .1. .1. Sullivan, as c dictator, were installed and the lodge t Battled down to a working basis A > score nf short pointed talks were made by members on the welfare and future f of the onler. ami much enthusiasm prr . vailed. A committee was appointed to prepare a lunch for the next meeting. - which will be held in G, A It. hall o next Tuesday evening. Due notice is s served on the other fraternal orders iv f the city that they will have to hustle to keep out of the way of the sinner ROSE THEATRE A FAIR HOUSE From sonic unknown source h rumor has emanated that tlie Hose theatre is unfair ami this re|»ort is ratlier aimnv ing in view of the fact that this play house is not now nor never has lieon on the unfair list. A slight dispute existed some littk' time ago. hut was adjusted without incident ami it is an uoyillg to the management and or ganiired lalior as well that the report i' should be circulated that the house wax i unfair when §Mti is not the caw. THE LABOR JOURNAL Is the official organ of the Trades Council, and is read by the labor ing men and women of Everett. AMENDMENT I DEFEATED Act That Would Have Given Labor Relief Turned Down by Con gress—Men Must be Elected That Will Stand Fire. The injunction and eonttMnp! [pro ceedings in -the federal courts growing out of the now famous Buck Stove and Range case are full of alarming portent to the trade union movement of this country. If the United States supreme court shall declare in effoH that I labor union is a combination in re strain! of trade, an illegal trust, amen able to the workings of the Sherman anti-trust law, who can foresee the far- reaching effect upon labor organiza tions T Already we have the hatters' organization mulcted tor an enormous sum ami the individual members of that organization iv danger ol seeing their homos, savings, their all. swept away by court decisions. That the Sherman anti-trust law was not originally intended to apply to voluntary organizations formed to protect and control, not a finished pro duct of commerce but the lalmr power of the workiug men and women of our land to produce, has boon totally ig nored by the courts and congress. The labor power of the wage worker and farmer has boon set on exactly the same plane as the combinations known as the sugar trust, the hoof trust, the paper trust, and the thousand and one industrial |omhitiat,ioiis that deal in ami control the output of man's pro- I during power. Knowing the danger that threaten*, the officials of the American Federation lof Labor and farmer organizations have plead with congress to amend the Sher man law. The trainers of thai act solemnly assured our representatives thai in nn sense could it he construed las applying to organizations such as ours thai dealt in no product but men's labor power. Forgotten are these prom ises. Congress refused to make good its own pledge. It went farther than that. Where it ignored it now threatens. Attached to the sundry civil hill was a rider ap propriating the SUM of $100,000 to the legal branch of the government for the prosecution of illegal trusts. At the Instance of our represenatives an amendment to this hill was offered by !Representative Hughes of Now Jersey, providing that no part of this money shall be ueed by the government in the prosecution of organizations of farmers or wage-workers. Instantly the munu facturers of the country flew to arms and demanded of congress the defeat nf the amendment. And Taft, he of the judicial temperament. threw all the weight of his influence against the amendment, declaring it "class legisla tion" And the amendment was defeat cd. Stripped of protection by legisla tive enactment, if the highest tribunal iv the land shall declare comhin.it ion of working men voluntarily formed for mutual interest and protection illegal, the lust legal bulwark of organized la bor will be swept away. It means too much for us to fold our hands and bow our heads and si It-litly await the descent of the judicial axe. Relief must come from congress. There the injury started and it i- t lie re that reparation must be made In each senatorial or congressional district the candidate for election Of re-election must bo subjected to the closest scru tiny us to his past reord on labor leg islation or his attiude on matters af footing the interests of the tailoring class. It is not so iiii|h>rtKilt that we elect a Democrat or Republican to eon greaa Ba it is that we elect a man who will safeguard the interests of the toil ing masse- That a man is au insur gent or v near-S.M'ialist. d.ies not damn him will us it ho is right, nor will it help him if he is wrong. If the Mig Interests ol the country own congress it does not mutter a rap to the people whether it lie I.publican 1 | or Democratic. Party fealty is party 1 ignominy if it involves the betrayal af the inherent rights of tlie people. Scan closely the record of every eon grcssioiial candidate II he stood up manfully in congress ami voted for la Isir legislation he will receive our vote though he be the loudest insurgent that ever insurged. That's the way we feel ion this subject. All the renegade term" the stand|Wtters heap upon his head, or ours, will not shake that determine tion. <io to the records, |ieople. go to the records, t hgimizisl labor must not ls> swept off the map by adverse court decisions when it lies within the BSWBf of the workers themselves to elect 'mini to congress who will safeguard their interests by intelligent remedial legislst ion. "Dr Jacob Smith, Specialist Blood and Skin, Taoggery Bldg, 15 06 V, Hewitt." No. 26.