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The labor journal. (Everett, Wash.) 1909-1976, January 17, 1913, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88085620/1913-01-17/ed-1/seq-1/

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Mention the Journal to the
merchant who solicits your patron
age through these columns.
Vol. XXII.
The Greatest Clothes
Values at Brodeck's
The savings such as this sale affords comes but twice a
year. Why not let this be your opportune time to buy?
Men's Suits and Overcoats
Boys' Suits and Overcoats
Shoes, Hats and Furnishings
Prices Cut on Men's and Boys' Shoes
The Brodeck Co.
1701-3 HEWITT AYE.
Special Prices on Women's Shoes
January Clearance Sale
Now on sale in our busy Dress Goods Department will be found French
Serges, Storm Serges, Henriettas, Fancy Mixed Novelties, etc., from
3G to 56 inches wide, in all color combinations, plain colors and fancy
effects; also plain blacks; unusual values, worth up to $1.25
yard. In this great January Clearance Sale, yard «3 Z/
Children's Wool Dresses
Values Up to $4.60 Now Go for $2.98
Children's Wool Dresses in black, blue, red, shepherd checks, etc. All
sizes from 6to 14 years. Nicely trimmed and well made. CO QQ
Worth up to $4.50. January Clearance Sale
Children's Sweaters
Children's heavy ribbed cotton Sweater Coats, gray only; all sizes.
Just the thing for school. January Q
Clearance Sale aU Zr V_-
Successor to Dolson & Cleaver
Your Money Interests
—Are they centered at a strong financial institution, protected by law,
by adequate resources and by long experience?
This bank is organized under the banking laws of the state.
It offers excellent facilities to those who wish to do their banking
where it will be appreciated, and where their business will have scrup
ulous care.
4 Per Cent Interest Paid on Savings Accounta
Union Made by
Haferkorn Cigar Co,
Riley-Cooley Shoe Co.
Both Phone. 766 1712 Hewitt
5c Cigars
Devoted to the Interest
The labor movement of the Pacific
Coast is face to face with a new
problem. Much depends on its solu
The Panama Canal is nearing com
pletion. Two years hence the big Eu
ropean liners will land at San Fran
cisco and Seattle, direct from the con
gested districts of Southern and East
ern Europe.
In the New England States, in New
York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and
other states on and near the Atlantic
Coast we have seen the effect of this
sort of immigration. Iv the cotton
and woolen mills Italians and Slavs
work for wages actually below the
starvation line. In the steel mills the
same conditions prevail. Government
reports, issued after thorough inves
tigations are authorities for these
That the conditions in most coal
mine 3 are somewhat better is wholly
due to the efforts of the United Mine
Workers of America. The crystalized
power of 377,000 organized coal min
ers has prevented the existence of
such degrading conditions as prevail
in the industries that are practically
In the disease-breeding sweatshops
of New York, Chicago, St. Louis and
other cities, we find probably the
worst conditions existing anywhere, a
problem slowly being solved through
the heroic efforts of the Garment
Workers' Unions, and nearly all
sweatshop workers are immigrants
from Eastern and Southern Europe.
In the big packing houses hordes
of unorganized toilers from the same
European countries are slaving under
conditions that stagger imagination.
All of this gives one an idea of
what might happen on this coast af
ter the opening of the Panama Canal.
And from the experiences of the min
ers and, to a small degree, the gar
ment workers, one may readily see
We should profit by the costly ex
perience of the workers on the At
lantic Coast and in the large cities.
We should organize the unorganized
workers already here. We should
make it possible for the thousands
that are coming to be immediately ab
sorbed into the great body of organ
ized labor. We will thus make allies
out of our fellow workers coming from
the* foreign shores, instead of being
compelled to try to compete with
them, the inevitable result of which
is the starvation wages and disease
breeding conditions that we see in the
Eastern States.
The lumber industry is by far the
most important in the West and in
the Pacific Northwest it is absolutely
dominating our economic and social
life. With the lumber workers organ
ized upon the opening of the Canal a
great step will have been made to
ward settling the problem we are now
That the daily press, which is large
ly controlled by big business, which
again means, in most localities, the
big lumber Interests, is alive to the
situation has been made clear by edi
torial expressions in these papers dur
| ing the last few months. The Amer
ican-Reveille, of Bellingham, Wash.,
has perhaps displayed a little more
bluntness in handling this question
than any other newspaper. Under the
heading, "Opening of Canal Will Solve
Labor Problem," this paper, which is
owned by the same interests that con
trol The Ledger and The News, of
Tacoma, says in part:
"Labor is now rather high in price
and scarce. But tho opening of the
Panama Canal two years hence will
see the landing of 50,000 laborers from
the South of Europe on the Pacific
j Coast, the greater portion of this num
ber coming direct to the Puget Sound.
Here will the labor problem be solved.
Plenty of cheap and faithful labor to
clear land, to spray, to prune, to pick
! and pack. The fruit grower of the
| Pacific Northwest will be able to have
1 his fruit picked and packed by skilled
I labor within three years for a tithe
lof what it costs him now. And that is
why so many people are going into
the berry and fruit business on a
large scale. Until now tho cost of
clearing land has been almost prohi
bitive. With Italian and Slav labor
two years from now it can be done
for one-third the cost, at borry pick
ing fruit picking and packing, Immi
gration of laborers from Southern Eu
rope will solve the problem that has
confronted the Pacific Coaat produ
cers, farmei'B and fruit raisers from
the day Chineae Immigration was pro
hibited. Cheap labor will do the work,
i Tho American owner will secure the
1 profits. With the huge profits, now
■ made on frulta, they will be increased
126 per cent by plentiful and cheap la
! bor."
That this menace to labor la no
Idle nightmare might be Judged from
artlclea that have appeared In The
Seattle Times and other Pnaut
According to these, we find that
agents of big steamship companies
are now selling passage tickets to the
prospective immigrants on the install
ment plan. The tare from Europe to
the Pacific Coast is only $39 —less
than $10 more than is now being
charged for steerage passengers to
New York.
The same articles tell us that 500,
--000 will land on the Western Coast
during the first year after the open
ing of the Canal. The great possible
opportunities for cheap labor make
the mouths of big business water.
The probable great increase in pop
ulation will mean a greatly increased
activity in manufacturing. The pros
pect of cheap labor is already causing
Eastern manufacturers to look for fac
tory sites out here. Lumber being the
chief resource the products to be man
ufactured will naturally be largely
such as require lumber in their pro
duction. That an increased activity
in the lumber industry will be the
principal immediate result of the
opening of the Canal is practically a
foregone conclusion.
Considering this, we may rest as
sured that it is the intention of the
lumber barons that the influx of for
eign labor is to be untilized in forcing
down the standard of living among
the workers in the lumber industry,
just as Oriental labor has been used
to a great extent in British Columbia.
The foregoing is the very best argu
ment for organizing the quarter of a
million workers in the forests and
mills of the Pacific Northwest NOW.
By closing up ranks WITHOUT DE
LAY we will be prepared to welcome
our brothers from the foreign shores
in a manner worthy of brothers, We
will be enabled to absorb them into
our organization and instead of bring
ing all of us down to the level of the
slaves of the hellholes of tho Eastern
cities they will help us maintain, or
even raise our present standard.
But we have no time to lose. We
must begin NOW. And we must lay
aside any pet theories or prejudices
and make up our minds to get togeth
er during the next year. We can do
it if we get to work.
If we fail now it will take years,
yes, perhaps decades, to win what we
can attain by just a little teamwork
during the next few months. If we
fail, not alone those engaged in the
lumber industry, but all other work
ers, including those now organized,
will feel the result, and feel it keenly.
In the next week's articles some of
the obstacles, which probably must be
euncountered within labor's own rauks
in furthering the work of organizing
the lumber workers, will be discussed.
State Meeting of the Open Shop Inter
ests Held at Seattle for the Pur
pose of Organizing Their Fight
on Popular Measures Be
fore the Legislature.
(Special Correspondence.)
Olympia, Wash., Jan. 15.—That they
stand for progressive legislation but
will oppose "freak" measures at this
session of the legislature, is the sub
stance of the statement that was giv
en out as the purpose of the Washing
ton State Civic League, following a
meeting which was held in Seattle
last week by delegates from all of the
open shop organizations of the state.
Great 6ecrecy surrounded the deli
berations of this body, and only
enough information was given out by
these professional labor skinners to re
assure the people of the state that
they are "disinterested" and "uuself
ish" patriots on guard against "freak"
legislation. Their assurance that they
stand for progressive legislation was
given out for tho purpose of making
it doubly certain that they now, and
have been at all times, geniune "all
wool and a yard wide" defenders of
the people in all really desirable leg
The character of men who comprise
the Washington State Civic League,
the kind of legislation for which they
stand, what they mean by "freak"
measures, the special interests they
seni, and what classification they
have in mind when they say "the peo
pie," are all matters that deeply con
cern the people of this state just at
this time.
The men and organizations in all
parts of the state who make up this .
organization, miss called a civic i
league, are of the same identical class
las the Spokane branch which held a
| midnight session on December 17,
for the avowed purpoae of organising
a campaign by big business interests \
against the legislative program of the'
Washington State Federation of La
bor. the State Grange and the Farm
era' Union. They are a conglomera
tion of open shop advocates, represen
tatives of public aervlce corporations
who dislike to be disturbed in their;
-• — •« ■ w»i ii imi ■ irn ~ 1 1
of Organized Labor
The smoker which the Trades Coun
cil pulled oft last Friday evening,
might have played to a larger house,
but it would have been hard to have
(Ound a more appreciative one. From
tho first number, starting promptly
at 8:15, to the closing stunt at 11:45,
there was not a dull moment, nor
scarcely a wait. To Tom Alliman,
the efficient secretary of the council,
must go the lion's share of the credit
for the success of the entertainment.
Tom is one live wire and he worked
hard to give the public a run lor its
money. The other members of the
committee should not be slighted,
when passing around the bouquets,
either, but to Alliman fell the brunt of
the work and he came through flying.
A quintet of musicians composed of
Frank Wagner, Irvine Jones, Chas.
Anderson, P. E. Fuller and it. E. Wall,
kept the crowd entertained until after
nine o'clock with orchestral selections.
The first event was a tumbling act
by Austin, Wertl and Creigutou, o£
the local Y. M. C. A. This was fol
lowed by a wrestling bout, between
Erickson and Hagslrom, of the Y. M.
C. A., refereed by Joe Hazard, editor
of the Commonwealth. Neither man
was able to gain a fall, but were about
equal both iv offensive and aggres
sive tactics.
Paul Holcomb and Yic Lipp, both of
Snohomish, put on a pretty wrestling
bout, Holcomb getting the first fall
in 9:32, and the second fall and the
match in 9:25; Hazard, referee.
Mr. Wilson, banjoist, and Mr. Mit
chell, painist, both of the Rose thea
tre, gave two fine numbers and were
followed by a wrestling bout between
Lew Davis and Newton Crandell, both
local men. Davis won the first fall
in 16:11 and the second fall iv 2:30.
Tom Shields, representative of the
Simmonds Saw Works, entertained
the crowd with several inimitable
stories, told as Shields knows how to
tell them.
Thompson and Stanke went four
rounds, with Jack Healy, the hired
man, in the ring. No decision was
given. Newspaper decisions would
give Stanke a shade.
John Eul, dancer, and Mitchell, pia
nist, from the Hose theatre, were
there with bells. The cleverest vaude
ville turn of the evening was a musi
cal turn by the Robinson brothers, ot
the Rose circuit, with Mitchell at the
piano. The boys were there with that
syncopated stuff, and a Swede dialect
monologue that one of the boys pulled
off was a scream.
The last bout of the evening was
between Thompson and Biug Snow,
four round go. It was purely an ex
hibition bout, both boys breaking
clean, but it was fast and clever.
There was no rough stuff through
out the evening, and the crowd was
orderly and appreciative. Tom Alli
man was announcer and Ed Francois,
The Trades Council is heartily in
debted to the following individuals
that contributed in various ways to
make the evening the enjoyable one it
was: Joe Hazard and Jack Healy.
who donated their services as refer
ees; to Manager St. Peter, who, like
the good sport he is, furnished the
vaudeville talent, that contributed
heavily to the enjoyment of those
present; to Frank Wagner of the
musicians union, who donated the ser
vices of the orchestra; to the Y. M. C.
A. for the talent so readily furnished:
to Automobilist Tracey of the Hewitt-
Rockefeller stand, who kept his ma
chine at the disposal of the committee
all evening to take the vaudeville
performers back and forth; to the
Moose lodge, for the loan of the wrest
ling mat; to Bobbins Brothers Trans
fer Company, who hauled parphernal
ia, back and forth free of charge: to
Messrs. Haferkorn, Sartor and l.iber
schal, who donated the choice cigars
that were passed around. If we have
missed anybody, we apologize for the
ommlssion, and thank them, too. The
council is grateful to the ready help
which so many people gave to the en
Through the courtesy of Jack Healy.
the Labor Journal received a vivid
reminder of the baseball season of
1912, when the Smokeatackers cleaned
up the beat semi-professional teams in
the state. It was in the shape of a
beautiful 1913 calendar, done in card
board and burnt leather. In the center
are the pictures of Manager Jack
Healy, and his premier Blab artist.
Singleton, while grouped around them,
are pictures af the other members of
that famouß team, all photographed In
Everett uniform*. The calendar bears
the following Incription: Semi-Profes
sional Champions, 1912, Pacific North
west, Everett, Washington.
It <8 an artistic piece of work, and
the Journal writer, being a baseball
fan. appreciates verj much the re-
By Robert Hunter.
(Courtesy of The National Socialist.)
William D. Haywood and other ad
vocates of the general strike invari
ably call to our attention the effective
ness of this weapon in France, Spain,
Italy, and Russia. Some have even
mentioned China and Japan. They tell
us that, in these countries there is in
dustrial unioniim, and that marvelous
results have come to the working
class through general strikes. Of
course they do not mean THE general
strike. All they mean is that various
craft unions or industrial unions de
j clare sympathetic strikes.
No, it is an interesting fact that it
is in axactly these countries that la
bor organization is most backward.
Unionism is there in Its infancy. Even
in France, the most developed indus
trially of the countries mentioned, the
trade union movement is far behind
that of Germany, Belguim, Denmark.
Austria, Britain, etc.
Legien, the leader of the great Ger
man unions, said at the international
socialist congress at Stuttgart: "The
French comrades are accustomed to
say: 'We have no organization, but
we have a temperment.' It is not with
temperment one fights the employer.
As soon as the French have an actual
trade union organization they will
cease discussing blindly the general
strike, direct action, and sabotage."
Vliegen, the Dutch leader, declared
at the previons congress, at Amster
dam: "It is not the representatives of
the strong trade union organizations
of England, Germany, and Denmark,
who wish the general strike; it is the
representatives of France, Hussia, and
Holland, where the trade union organi
zation is feeble or does not exist."
Chauvin, a French leader, makes
the same observation: "Wherever
powerful trade unions exist, they do
not speak of the general strike: wher
ever they are unanimous for the gen
eral strike, the trade unions are fee
ble. We, the adversaries of the gen
eral strike, are the most active parti
sans of trade union organization. I
have myself organized in Paris one of
the strongest of the trade unions. If
there were in Paris some trade unions
that would be the end of the influence
of the general strikes."
Iglesias, the best known Spanish
socialist, declares that the general
strike agitation in Spain is conducted
solely by the anarchists. "They car
ry on," he says, "a constant agitation
against strike funds. What they want
is simply that the workers, made des
perate by famine and refusal of the
masters to grant them all they de
mand, should be driven to violent |
measures. What have been the re
sults of the attempts at a general
strike? Not one success and always
immense injury to the workers. Here
the dissolution of an organization; ]
there law suits and persecutions, some
other place, many 'militants' dis
patched to the cemetery or to prison."
Speaking of the strike at Barcelona,
he says: "There was not among these
thousands of workers either unity of
thought or plan of action. After hav
ing thoroughly plagued the population
for days and days, the workers had
nothing left but to return to work
without having obtained anything for
the metallurgists. The only result of
this adventure was bloodshed in sev
eral encounters between the workmen
and the soldiers, leaving many dead
and a great number of prisoners."
Greulich, the wonderful veteran of j
the Swiss labor movement, declares
that "all the attempts at general
strikes have hurt the workers them
selves, destroyed organizations form
ed with difficulty, and consequently
obliged the workers to toil again at;
building up their movement. Wasting 1
of power! It is easy to demonstrate
that there where the general strike is
preached, the organization of the
unions is very much retarded. By the
fruits one recognizes the tree. There
where the unions have acquired a
sure power and a certain vitality, the j
general strike is considered by the,
workers as a Utopia.
"The general strike is a childish fan
cy of poorly organized workers. The
English workers lived in this dream
from about IS3O-IS4O and they made
many times remarkable attempts to
realize thia dream—attempts com
pared with which the 'general strike'
of today is but child's play. They
covered entire industrial centers, and
stopped work In all the factories and
mines. The revolutionary energy was
not lacking In them, where they met
with resistance; they beseiged fac
tories and set fire to them; they
fought valiantly with police and the
military. And if the general strike
had been really a decisive power, Eng
land would not have had enough sol
diers to render herself the master."
A short time ago Gustave Herve, the
moßt daring and brilliant of all the ad
vocateß of direct action, wrote of the
German victories. Turning in con
traat to France, he aaid: "We have,
»,v ..f .mr b'tcr...! Hl„«r,»l,>n«
Is the official organ of the Trade*
Council, and is read by the labor
ing men and women of Everett
I ties, developed a party on the one
hand and a general federation of labor
on tho other, equally stagnant with
equally ridiculous inefficiency, treas
uries without money, journals with
out readers, and have engendered de
moralization, skepticism and disgust.
"In truth, I begin to ask myself if
with our great phrases of insurrec
tion, direct action, sabotage, and 'chas
ing the foxes,' we are not, after all,
from a revolutionary point of view,
but little children beside the social
istic voters of Germany."
Now these quotations are given be
cause they all emphasize one point—
that the general strike is a childish
fancy of poorly organized workers.
Are we but little children? asks
Herve. When to the infancy of the
French union movement, poverty is
added there is reason enough why
that movement should be violent.
"The fundamental condition which de
termines the policy of "direct action,"
says Dr. Louis Levine in his exellent
monograph on "The Labor Movement
in France," "is the poverty of French
syndicalism. Except the federation
dv Livre, only a very few federations
pay a more or less regular strike ben
efit; the rest have barely means
enough to provide for their adminis
trative and organizing expenses and
can not collect any strike funds worth
mentioning. Iv 1908, for instance,
there were 1,073 strikes; of these 837
were conducted by organized work
men. Only forty-six strikes was regu
lar assistance assured for the strikers,
and in thirty-six cases only was the
assistance given in money. The
French workingmen, therefore, are for
ced to fall back on other means dur
ing strikes. Quick action, intimida
tion, sabotage, are then suggested to
them by their very situation and by
their desire to win."
The greatest general strike the
world has ever known was at the very
begining of the trade union movement
in England. The American Railway
Union was involved in a tremendous
strike almost before it had begun its
great work of organization. The his
tory of the Knights of labor, and of
every other movement for organizing
labor, shows the same thing that we
now see in France, Italy, Spain, and
Russia. Wherever the workers are
first organized they resort to mass
strikes; and every group that has at
tempted to organize the workers has
had, sooner or later, to adopt rules
and regulations to pre\ent strikes.
This is true even of the "revolu
tionary" industrial workers of the
world Trautman, at the convention
of 1906, declared that "the organiza
tion underwent so many so-called wild
| strikes that it is the duty of this eon
' vention to adopt such laws as will
prevent the calling of strikes by the
[ will or by the determination of two or
three men. . . If any individual
[ may call a strike or if any organiza
tion may be organized and precipitate
a struggle, we may just as well say.
"disband.' . . . There must be a reg
Of course what William D. Hay-
wood calls the general strikes of
Trance, Italy, Spain, and ebMwhere,
are not general strikes in any sense
whatever. They are little more thau
wild, unruly, and disorganized mobs,
who leave their workshops for a time
"to descend," aa the ysay in France,
"into the street." They are the pro
duct of a mob psychology that seems
to be aroused to action whenever and
wherever the workers first begin v
. realize the faintest glimmering of aoh
darity The strike of the A. R. U. was
a masterpiece of organization com
pared with most of the strikes in Rus
sia, Spain. Italy, or France. The re
I cent great strikes in Britain, the dock
ers' strike in London in 18M», and thi
'recent Swedish strike, are all master
if demonstrations of what really or
ganized men can do. But the strikt -
which have been called to our atten
tion as examples for the American
movement to follow are but diseases
of an infantile trade unionism.
For some reason, the recent advo
cates of such mob-uprisings fail to
! mention that nearly every such strike
has been followed by reaction. As the
officials of the industrial workers of
I the world were forced to call out for
I regulation to prevent utter ruin, so
1 have all other actual organizations
had to do likewise, after the early
spasms of revolt. Every' single trade
union in England, after the general
strikes of the Owen period, plead with
ithe workers to forswear strikes for
j ever.
*. . . .'Keep from it (striking),"
aaid the stone masons of England, 'aa
I you would from a ferocious animal
| that you know would destroy you. . .
I Remember what It waa that made us
so Insignificant In 1842. . We im-
Iplore you, brethen, as you vaule your
own existence, to avoid, In every way
possible, those useless strikes. Let us
have another year of earnest and at
tentive organization; and. If that does
not perfect us, we must have another;
for it a knowledge ot the disorganized
ntmtm mi ——M» i l . ,«»-•»,,.,Wi«j!a>»»a<
NO. 49.

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