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The labor journal. (Everett, Wash.) 1909-1976, January 31, 1913, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88085620/1913-01-31/ed-1/seq-1/

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Mention the Journal to the
merchant who solicits your patron
age through these columns.
Vol. XXII.
Why Not Benefit
By the Splendid
Savings at
Brodeck's Clearance
Of All Winter Suits, Overcoats, Hats, Shoes and Furnishings
for Men, Young Men and Boys
Always Ask for S. & H. Green Stamps
The Brodeck Co.
New yard-wide Percales, light and dark patterns, in J A
figure*, stripes, dots, checks and plain colors. The IM P
regular 11! l-2c quality. Special, yard
|ft Fifty pieces of New Ginghams, all plain colors and | A
ISI P tanoy stript ' 8 ' checks > P' ai,ls > etc - The re E ular 12 !- 2c |y [j
I "W Quality. Special, yard
Ladies' fine ribbed fleece lined
Underwear, vests and pants,
good weight. Size 34 to 44.
Special, garment 50c
Large size Kitchen Aprons, made ot fine quality Gingham, in or
the popular size checks. The regular 35c values LO\i
Successor to Dolson & Cleaver
This bank values highly the business of women, and its
officers and employes are especially attentive to their wants.
Household and private accounts of women are welcome.
Union Made by
Halerkorn Cigar Go.
Riley-Cooley Shoe Co.
Both Phono. 766 . ™
1701-3 HEWITT AYE.
Of good grade coutil, medium
bust, long hip, all sizes, two
pair hose supporters. Worth
$1.25. Special 89c
5c Cigars
Devoted to the Interest
The workers In the timber industry
are going to organize. They will be
compelled to organize, sooner or lat
er. This series of articles, of which
this is the fifth, is aiming to familiar
ize the labor movement as well as the
unorganized workers with a plan now
under way to unite all timber work
ers into one union with the shingle
weavers' union.
In the first article a general outline
of the plan was given, together with
a very brief history of some of the
unsuccessful attempts at organizing
these workers.
In the second articles some of the
many possibilities that would result
from such an organization were point
ed out.
The effect on Labor of the opening
of the Panama Canal and the result
ing tide of immigration was discussed
in the third article.
Last week, in the fourth article of
this series, extracts of the report of
President J, G. Brown of the Inter
national Shingle Weavers' Union to
the annual convention, held in Port-
I land a couple of weeks ago, were pub
■ lished, showing, in some detail, the
plan of organization, suggested by
him, suggestions since adopted as pro
visions in the constitution of the or
ganization, which will henceforth be
known as The International Union of
Shingle Weavers, Sawmill Workers
and Woodsmen of North America.
To Get Together—The Problem.
That the timber workers should be
organized seems to be a unanimous
sentiment among the men concerned.
At any rate, it is nearly unanimous.
Then, it is agreed we should organize.
That much is set I lea. The only ques
tion now is to determine HOW.
Some of us have not made up our
minds about the method. Others have
formed some sort of an opinion. Wo
are all fairly well agreed that the men
in the timber industry should all be
in one union. Most of us seem in
clined to think that the most feasible
plan is to follow "he method outlined
in former articles of this series, join
ing hands with the shingle weavers'
union. A few of us seem to believe
that the thing to do is to affiliate with
the Industrial Workers of the World.
Now, let us discuss this proposition.
It is necessary that we agree on a
plan. We must ALL get together.
Not a FEW of us. But ALL of us.
That's the important thing. TO GET
Shingle Weavers.
The shingle weavers have gotten
together themselves. They are part
of the toilers in the timber industry.
They have developed some power.
They are the pioneers. Others might
have started here and there before the
shingle weavers. But if so, they have
It appears natural that when the
other workers in the timber industry
plan to get together they would try to
get together with the men already or
ganized, the shingle weavers. One
would naturally suppose that this
course would be taken especially when
it is announced that what is wanted is
But the fact is that up to date in all
past attempts at organizing these toil
ers the shingle weavers have been dis
regarded. It Is also a fact that all
these attempts have failed. Whether
or not these two facts have any con
nection, one with the other, might be
| difficult to prove. But it is a fact that
they exist.
The American Labor Union.
About, eight or nine years ago the
American Labor Union began organiz
ing the mills and camps ot Western
Montana. In 1905 this union merged ;
into the I. W. W. It took no consider
ation of the Shingle Weavers' Union.
There being no shingle industry of!
any consequence in Montana, this:
might have been the reason, for the
failure of taking notice of the existing
union in the timber industry. But any
the union is no longer in existence,
that whatever scattered membership
the I. W. W. have in this territory at
this time Is without any power are
facts. Whether or not the failure
to consider the shingle weavers'
union is responsible for the breaking
up of this organization no one can
The "Brotherhood."
Another union was organized around
Eureka, Cal., about six or seven yearß
ago. It was called the "Brotherhood."
B was affiliated with the A. F. of L.
It claimed jurisdiction over sawmills
and logging camps. But it failed to
recognize the fact that the Shingle
Weavers' Union was already in exist
ence. It apparently aimed at organiz
ing the timber industry into one
union. But by Its organizing separate
from the shingle weavers, two organ
izations had come Into existence. The
"Brotherhood" failed. It was dis
continued on Page Two.) '
While recountiii": iv a rambling way some of the happenings of
the late Federation of Laboi convention at Olympia) it is host to
I touch first upon the turn of events which landed your humble ser
vatlj in the position so long ably filled by Brother ('. li. Case. !' may
be said 11i si t embarrassment and a newspaper man should be total
strangers, but I assure you thai I for one, leel some embarrassmenl
in writing of a matter as personal as the recent election of myself
to the office of Federation president. So we'll gel .bis over with at
the beginning. Up to the very commencement of the convention ibe
idea of succeeding President Case was utterly foreign to my thoughts.
1 was in no sense a candidate and, to be unite frank, was rather
nough with tbe boys who first broached the subject lo me. It was
only alter my friends from differenl sections of the state began to
"lay down on me" that 1 began to give the matter serious consider
ation, One would be lacking in appreciation if no attention were
paid to bo evident it mark of confidence in one's earnestness and in
tegrity. 1 did not lack thai appreciation, bul I knew something of
the responsibilities, cares and worries that went along with the posi
toin. I knew that to accept such a position meant more burning of
tbe midnight oil and I had been burning it in plenty for years. So 1
hesitated. He who hesitates is lost and to my own bewilderment it
must he confessed I found that 1 bad burned my bridges and had told
my friends I was in their hands. The rest is ivention history.
Probably no man ever went into office with such unanimous ex
pression of confidence and good will. From every district of the
state came words privately and publicly expressed that every aid
that could he given to make the coming administration successful
would be eiven. And they were not empty mouth phrasings, but
expressions of hearts that hold economic justice as the firs! and dear
est consideration in this old world of ours. 1 am not vain enough to
imagine that I was elected because I was a "good fellow" or he.
cause I bud tiny one particular talent, but because rightly or wrongly
the belief prevailed that I was grounded in the fundamental princi
ples of unionism and would uphold lho.se principles before the pub
lic under any and ;dl circumstances. So I accept this trust with a
feeling of deep humility, hut a determination to give the besl thai is
in me to the cause of labor that wo all so dearly love. There were
men in that convention as able to carry the banner forward as am !.
;iion as entitled to tbe position from Ibe standpoint of efficiency and
length of Forvice. There woe men who sacrificed their own laud
able ambition rind loyally Bwung behind my candidacy. 1 am glad
to knO-W we have such men in our movement, biir, loyal, earnest
men. The world is somehow belter because of them. During the
year that is to conic, 1 shall have need of advice and council and 1
shall freely seek it from the men and women of arganized labor. Let
us trust that the year shall sec no backward step taken by our Feder
ation, bu that our next convention will witness an advance all alone
the line.
How fast we arc evoluting was clearly shown by the endorse
ment by the convention ol industrial unionism—not the T. "\Y. W.
kind, but an organization by industries rather than ahum strictly
craft linos, retaining our affiliation as integral parts of the great la
bor movement which-has its expression in the American Federation
of Labor. Two years airo. one year ago, such a resolution would have
provoked stormy debate. This year there was hut little opposition.
The action of the convention did not mej\n that the federation pro
posed any attack upon crafts, nor that it would change its policy of
welcoming within its ranks every union of whatever character thai
subscribed to the general policy' of the American labor movement.
Il meant that the convention realized that the rapid concentration of
capital demands a like concent rat ion of labor if continued progress
is to be made. The principle of industrial unionism alone was en
dorsed it remains for the men of labor to work out that principle in
their own time and in their own way. The coal miners have achieved
it and tbe shingle weavers have changed their organization to a pure
ly industrial one. Delegates from the printing trades expressed the
belief to me in private conversation that the day was not far distant
when the printing crafts will again be merged into one industrial or
ganisation. The resolution adopted is a sign of the times, not a*dec
laration of war by the federation upon any affiliated union whatso
There was no low for the Stone-Webster syndicate among the
delegates. A delegate from the United Mine Workers in an impas
sioned speech clearly expressed the temper of the convention. The
Boston octopus, not content with its control of public utilities in the
state rtf Washington, has spread its tentacles over building construc
tion in a manner which threatens the future of building tradesmen.
The syndicate has assumed an arrogance toward unionism unwar
ranted and unexplained save on the basis of utter disregard and
contempt for the organizations of labor. It may seem like a hercu
lean task, but it was the concensus of opinion that the Stone-Webs
ter people should be brought into line or put out of business.
Tbe plan outlined by the shingle weavers to organize the timber
industry received the Whole hearted support of the convention. The
wonderful impetus to organised labor an organisation id' the thre<
hundred thousand men on the Pacific coast engaged in the timber
industry would give, was fully grasped by the delegates and without
a dissenting vote the requesl for an organizer to assist the shingle
weavers in their hie undertaking was granted. With the coal miners
and timber workers thoroughly organised, wonderful strides forward
would be possible. The shingle weavers in attendance left no stone
unturned to impress the convention with tbe magnitude of tbe work
ami hope to conic into convention a year hence, the representatives
of twenty thousand organized timber workers.
»# *« *#
Everett did not trot the next convention, but did gel all that was
coining to it. A president, vice-president, delegate to the Provincial
Congress in Canada, and treasurer of the stale label league, is about
all that is coming tn one city and the delegation was satisfied. I feel
that Snohomish county had ■ splendid delegation of boys and girls
From a spectacular standpoint the securing of the next convention
would have been much more of an achievement thai: the securing of
the presidency. They gave up the fight for the convention without
apparently a pang of regret and rallied to my support with a loyaltj
unsurpassed. It was found necessary on several occasions to go into
"uncus and 1 take some pride in tbe statement that not a cross pur
pose arose to mar tbe conferences, hut that the delegates were a unit
on every subject that engaged the attention of the caucus. Harmon}
is 100 often lacking in the labor movement and yet it is the greatest
Single factor toward success in our movement.
F.ach succeedi m: convention sees a larger part played ill its af
-I'airs by our women- -God bless them! As tin- chief spenders of the
Money we men make they have ■ particularly good opportunity to
develop i hiit part of our movement so vita) aud yet so much neglected,
the union label phase of it. The women delegate* and visitors
launched a state wide organisation to work hand in glove with the
Federation and to hold annual gatherings CO-incident with the an
nual conventions of the Federation. They are ft live bunch, those
women, and as they gat hack in the harness in their ■operate local
ities something is going to happen. Women nre moie tenacious than
men when they gel "sot" on an idea and the convention women are
"sot" tin thi' power of (be label. Mrs. (ice. tbe Fraternal delicate
Ironi the Oregon state federation of labor, pot the "frisking" idea
into (heir heads and I mistrust that there was more than one delegate
that quaked inwardly at Ibe suggestion that the men present be
"frisked" for labels on their apparel. Probably all of us bore one
or mow labels, but I douht if very many could have shown a label
on every article we wore. I confess that I couldn't and 1 am about
as big ft crank on the subject as the next tme. The next results of ibis
(Continued on Page Two.)
of Organized Labor
(By K. !'. Marsh.)
(Special Correspondence.)
Olympia. Wn., Jan. 29.— "Bhere has
been v great awak* ning of tho people
of this stale within the last low years
:as regards their general responslbll-
I ity to the people who risk their health,
limbs and lives in the work of carry
ing on the industries of the state,"
says H. L. Hughes, who is at Olympia
during the present session of the leg
islature, representing the interests ot
the organized workers, through the
Washington State Federation of La
bor. "As a result of this awakened
public conscience, the state of Wash
ington has already taken an advanced
position In the enactment of labor
legislation, and we tire hoping for
considerable from this session of the
"We are asking for nothing that is
unreasonable or burdensome. We de
sire no legislation that will be either
unfair or work to
the growing Industries of the state.
We cannot, however, afford to have
an industrial condition invade this
prosperous, resourceful young com
monwealth that li going to be ruinous
to the health, morals or material well
being of the men and women of labor
who are the real foundation and the
real producers of all that goes to
make a state great. Greatness that
is to be lasting consists first in the
highest development of men and wom
en. A high degree of racial develop
ment will necessarily bring with it
material development and prosperity.
Men and women who have • health,
minds and morals developed will force
their way to the success of both the
individual and the state, and they
will force this success, too. over ev
ery other community or country that
suffers an industrially inferior class
of workers, victims of private greed
forced upon them by governmental
State Protecticn Necessary.
"Unless there are governmental re
strictions and regulations that pre
vent individual employers from forc
ing upon the worker conditions that
make for great waste In life, health
and morals, together with a lack of
earning power to properly feed clothe
and educate their families, the race
must necessarily tend towards de
generation and lack of efficiency In
production. Strong men and women
make a strong nation, politically and
commercially. America enters the
markets of the world In competition
with the manufacturers of the cheap
est labor countries of the world, and
undersells them In spite of the fact
that we have a higher general rate of
wages for our labor. Wo can do this
because our labor is 'more efficient
for the reason that it has the higher
development that comes through bet
ter wages and a consequent higher
standard of living We can only
maintain this standard of efficiency
and go forward for greater develop
ment by the enactment of legislation
that will equalize conditions and hold
all employers, both good and bad, tip
to a general standard of working con
ditions. To leave conditions open
would mean that the standard would
be constantly subject to reduction
and demoralization through the as
saults that would be made upon it
by the most objectionable class of em
ployers, therefore we are seeking in B
general way to secure legislation that
will bring about this equalization.
Every employer will then have a fair
field, and no one under the law will
he able to underbid by means of re
sorting to a bad labor condition, such
as would come from the more un
scrupulous class oi employers.
Minimum Wage for Women.
"To this end we ftiall ask for a mm
imum wage bill for our women work
ers. which will supplement our state-j
eight hour law for the protection of I
the future mothers of our coming Bit
i/enship. This is primal, for how can
we expect a sturdy race from moth
ers who suffer the hardship of ovet
work and undernourishment due to
lack of sufficient pay with which to
provide the commonest necessities of
life? It Is our highest duty as a pro
gressive people, to provide the very
best safeguards for the material well
being, the health, morals and general
development of our women in indus
try. The lack of any or all of these
things finds its foundation in under
pay. If some employers refuse to pay
their women workers a living wage,
and thus force an unfair competition
upon the employer who would pay it.
there Is no better way to solve the
problem than by -macting a law that
will set a wage below which they dare
not go.
Health and Sanitary Measures.
"General health and sanitary meas
tires for the conservation of life,
health and efficiency among all clans
ob of our working people is another
good work that we desire to lay at
the threshold of onr legislature. Here
we have losses running into millions
of dollars a year, to say nothing of
the vast amount of pain and anqnishj
that cannot be computed in dollars
(Continued on Page Tin-
Is the official organ of tbe Trades
Council, and is read by the labor
ing men and women of Everett
Olympia, Jan. 29.—The supreme
court is prohibited from declaring un
constitutional any act passed bj the
j legislature, according to the terms of
a constitutional amendment proposed
in a bill introduced in the senate to
day by Senator John B, Campbell of
Two years ago Campbell, tht a a
member of the house, attempted to se
cure the passage of a statute prohibit
ing the courts from declaring an act
of the legislature unconstitutional,
The original purpose was to Introduce
a bill or resolution of this kind this
It was objected, however, Hint (lie
court might declare such an act un
constitutional and of no effect, as the
supreme court of Idaho recently de
clared it would rule on any statute
affecting contempt. Accordingly, Sen
ator Campbell changed his plans and
now proposes a constitutional amend
ment to carry out the idea.
If the constitutional amend mi nt
should be submitted and ratified tit
the next general election the court, it.
is claimed, would have no power to
rule It invalid.
S. B. 174. aIBO introduced by I B
bell, will, if passed, compel employ rs
advertising for labor to state whether
or not a strike is on and the mi
wanted for strikebreakers.
Both of these measures will be bit
terly fought by the Interests while
labor will rally as strongly to their
Somebody with a perverted ;■■ at
of humor has been busy of late carv
ing out chunks from Labor Ti mp c
chairs with a penknife. The building
trustees say they do not mind the
mutilation of the furniture, but they
hate the muss on the floor and re
quest that out of consideration for the
janitor will they please discontinue
the practice.
One of the tender moments ol
Olympia convention and one that will
linger long in the memory of thi deb
gates was the presentation to Pres.
Case by "Dad" Young of a --old i
suitably engraved, and B dlan
BCarfpin, The watch bore Bro. ;>.<■
initials engraved on the outer case
while on the inside, case was
the seal of the Washington State Fed
eration of Labor. The money was
raised by subscription among th d<
egates and was 0 testimonial trom
them of the high esteem In which the
retiring president is held by the
members of organized labor. Bro
Case declared himself unable to '
tlngly respond but there was no ni • d
Heart spoke to heart in that simple
tribute to the man who has gin
himself so many years to the cause of
labor and the delegates understood
all that he left unsaid.
Everett lias no cause to Com pi a
on the score of recognition at the
hands of the Olympia convention
The following Everett unionists were
elected to office: Federation Presl
dent, E P. Marsh, shingle weaver
and typographical; Seventh Vice
President, C. J- Folsom. ibingli
weavers: Fraternal Delegate to Can
adian Provincial Congress. Mrs. Ida
Zeigler, label league; Treasurer State
Label League, Mrs. M. T. Alliman
ladies label league.
Senator John F. Campbell of too
homish is so accustomed to eoUectin
accounts that in marking uj> his bill
files, when measures are passed,
has carefully marked them all "paid
! —Seattle P I.
Fred Overman of Snohomish, has
introduced jointly with Rcpr. tenta
tive Bryant, H B 210, prohibiting
employment agencies from takinu anj
fee from workmen This bill will re
ceive violent opposition as its con
sideration progresses and labor o\
erywhere should hold up the hands or
their representatives. On this and
other labor measures unions should
ibe prepared to wire or write theo
! representatives in Olympia at any
lime In behalf of the desired legisla
The semi-annual meeting of slock
holders of the Everett Trades Building
association will be held in Labor Tern
pie next Wednesday evening at eight
o'clock. Election of officers and trtiß
tees and other Important business. All
stockholders are urged to be present.
NO. 51

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