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THE LABOR JOURNAL
Mention the Journal to the P merchant who solicits your patron . age through these columns. VOL. XXIII. July 1, 2, 3, 4 EVERETT'S BEST CLOTHES SHOP Foremost Styles Men's and Young Men's Suits * For Spring and Summer 1913 A lot of beauty—a lot of service and a led of satisfaction is embodied in tliese new garments —the latest product of Am erica's best clothes makers. Headquarters for the Leading Union Made Clothes—sls, $18, $20, $22.50, $25 Up Visit Our Great Boys' Store—2nd Floor Complete Outfitters —11iylit Prices Shoes for tbe Whole Family—All New Spring Styles The Brodeck Co. 1701-3 HEWITT AVENUE WE GIVE S. & H. GREEN TRADING STAMPS. Sample Bed Spreads in March White Sale A manufacturers clean-up of sample bed spreads make this price possible. In this lot will be found spreads of all descriptions —good patterns —good weight—and from medium to extra large sizes. Values up to $1.50; March White Sale Double Width Sheetings Best quality 8-4 Bleached Sheet ing. March White Sale 25c Best quality 9-4 Bleached Sheet ing March White Sale 27 C Best quality 10-4 Bleached Sheet ing, March White Sale 29c f Best quality 8-4 Unbleached Sheeting, March White Sale.23c Best quality 9-4 Unbleached Sheeting, March White Sale.2sc Best, quality 10-4 Unbleached Sheeting, March White Sah?27c W. H. CLEAVER Both Phones 217—Hewitt and Rockefeller. Successor to Dolson & Cleaver. A Large Bank and Small Accounts Some people think that a large bank does not care for Email accounts. " ~v This bank encourages small accounts because they have the habit of growing to large ones. If you can't carry a large balance don't let that deter you from keeping a modest one. Your name as a depositor here will help you and help us as well. Make this YOUR bank. 4 Per Cent Interest Paid on Time and Savings Deposits CALL EOR THE HAFERKORN SEAL SOUDAN SECOND Union Made by Haferkorn Cigar Co. Riley-Cooley Shoe Co. 1 PULL LINE OF UNION MADE SHOES Both Phone* 766 "12 Hewitt J i Both Phone* 766 "KLA-HOW YAH" CREPE GOWNS Ladies' Crepe Gowns—many pretty low-neck styles — lace and embroidery trimmed effects. Worth $1.25; March White Sale 98c CORSET COVERS Ladies' Fine Muslin Corset Covers- pretty styles—slightly soiled in handling. Special va nities worth up to $150; March White Sale 49c BANK OF COMMERCE and 5c Cigars THE THE LABOR JOURNAL July 1, 2, 3, 4 98c THE OFFICIAL PAPER OF THE EVERETT TRADES COUNCIL Devoted to the Interest Tbe Difference Between The International Union of Shingle Weavers, Saw Mill Workers and Woodsmen and Tbe Industrial Workers of tbe World. By C. J. FOLSOM, Organizer W. S. F. of L. I want to take advantage of the op portunity offered to speak briefly of, the progress of the great work under taken by the shingle weavers, the or ganizing of the wage earners in the lumber industry, the shingle weavers, sawmill workers and woodsmen into one international union. Among the unorganized workers, and uninformed public, much appre hension exists that the International Union of Shingle Weavers, Sawmill workers and Woodsmen is the I. W. W. in disguise; that because the I. W. W. utterly failed with the general strike of the loggers last year, they choose to reappear on the scene cloak ed in a new name. This belief has no foundation in fact. Quite the con trary, the I. W. W. have sent to the coast Haywood, Thompson, Ettor, and others of their national heavyweight organizers for the purpose of defeat ing the I. U. of S. W. S. W. and W. Among the organized forces of labor the I. W. W. is our perennial and only opponent. Some of the cardinal principles of the I. U. of S. W. S. W. and W. are also shared by the I. W. W., AND SOME ARE NOT. For instance, the I. U. of S. W. S. W. of W. holds that there are two classes in society, the capitalist class and the working class; | that the capitalist class are the ex ploiters and the workers the exploit- i ed; that the exploitation of the work-[ ers can only be lessened and finally abolished by the organized self-help of the workers themselves; that in their organized capacity they must be self-reliant; that there is room for but ONE UNION IN THE LUMBER INDUSTRY; that they should be or ganized in such a way as to prevent the workers in any one branch of the industry from being compelled to scab on their fellow workers who may have a grievance with their employer in some other branch of the industry In short, they both agree that "trade agreement scabery" should cease. When it is necessary, the strike I should be as broad and as far reach ing as the bosses pocketbook. [i The points at which these two or- | ganizations differ most widely lies in t their respective administrations. The i I. W. W. aims to build up a central- i ized power of government. The pow- 1 er to dominate and override the or- < ganizations rank and file rest with j a few men. J The I. U. of S. \\ T . S. W. and W. re- i REPRESENTATIVE OVERMAN Union Printer Legislator From Snohomish Makes Good (Special Correspondence.) OLYMPIA, Wash., March 12.— Representative Fred Overmon, of Ev erett, who is one of the Snohomish county members of the house, is a' prominent member of the typographi cal union, and has shown his union training in his work as a law maker. I Fred has a thorough understanding of the labor problem, and is a man who has the courage' of his convictions, something that he has shown in every [ vote and action that he has recorded, in the house. It would be well if; the house of representatives had more men like him. WTiile he has taken keen interest in all matters that have been brought to the atten tion of the legislature, he has paid particular attention to two bills that have for their purpose the curbing of the employment agency evils. That these bills have not become law is no fault of Fred's, but rather due to the opposition of the large employing class of the state which has had abso lute control of the machinery of the house, blocking all legislation in the Interest of the people. The first meas ure Introduced was a bill signed by both himself and Representative A. M. Bryant of Pierce county. This bill provided for the establishment of a system of state free employment offices under the jurisdiction of the state commissioner of labor. The second bill on the Bubjecf of employ ment agencies he alone stood sponser for, and It proposed that It should be unlawful for a private employment agency to charge the worker a fee for securing him employment. Both of these bills should have been enacted into law. Labor will be back in Olympla two years from now to fight for the enactment of these measures, and it is to be trusted that there will be many more legislators like Fred Overman here at that time to fight for their adoption. In the meantime union men can help along the good fight by lnculatlng Into the minds of their fellow members the necessity of voting for good union men to come to i i Olympla as members of the legisla- Hewitt *| an d w in welcome any more EVERETT, WASHINGTON, Friday, march h, 1913. i poses the power of law making and I law enforcement with Its rank and file. It proceeds on the tneory that no man, or small group of men, can be 'found who are big enough and wise \ enough to lead the timber workers | from their jungle of misery. They j believe that the timber workers them selves must and will learn through organized experience to forge the best weapons with which to wrench a bet ter standard of living from. the un willing, close fisted hands of the tim ber barrons. It has little faith in the effectiveness of ready made weapons forged by a small group of slum an gels in Chicago. To illustrate further let us recite what has actually occurred in the timber industry of this state: In 1906 the International Shingle Weavers Union, the father of the I. U. of S. W. S. W. of W., called a general strike that effected practically 95 per cent of the shingle mills. How, and by whom was this strike called? Well, the rank and file of the organization gathered in the halls of their local unions and there elected delegates to go to Ballard, the seat of war, in structed to direct the international executive board to call a general strike. In a similar way the rank and file elected delegates to attend a convention at Tacoma and direct the executive board to call the strike off. In both instances the rank and file of the organization determined what I course should be persued. Compare this with the manner in which the I. W. W. managed their strike last year. While the great labor war was on in Grays Harbor last year, a number of I. W. W.s, mostly cuspidor philo sophers, congregated in Seattle, I be lieve, and after discussing the Grays Harbor situation, decided that a gen eral strike should be called. The rank and file of the organization had little or nothing to say about calling this strike; in fact many loggers and sawmill workers responded to this strike who, to save their lives, could not tell what the issue was. A wage scale was drafted and adopted. By whom, did you say? Why, by the cuspidor philosophers, of course. The great rank and file who must fight for the enforcement of the wage scale, in this instance, had little or nothing to say what the scale of wages should be. "Theirs was not to reason why; theirs was but to do and doe." Do you think that if the rank and file had had a voice In this matter, know ing that their numbers were redicul- LABOR TEMPLE, Friday, March 7. —Council was called to order at 8 o'clock. Pres. Williston presiding. The credentials of Mary McDou-j gall, of the Cooks, Waiters & Wait resses, were accepted. Communication from Clarence 1 Cooper was read and ordered filed. Communication from state tax com mission in answer to protest of the council was read and ordered filed. Communication from striking rubber workers of Akron, Ohio, was re ferred to affiliated unions. Communication from American Fed eration of Musicians read and filed. Letter from Retiring President Case of the State Federation, was read and filed. Another committee was appointed to wait on coal dealers handling Ren ton coal. It was announced that Rev. Swit zer, of the Grace M. E. church at Sum mit and Twenty-fourth, would preach Sunday evening on the subject of la bor and union men and women were urged to attend. Bros. Bowie, Oliver, Allen, Webster and Thompson were elected as trus tees for the ensuing term and were in stalled. Bro. Williston was elected Labor Temple stockholder in place of Bro. Edney, who is no longer a delegate to the council. "Old Reliable" union label boster, Sam Allen, made a few remarks on the necessity of organized labor back ing up the efforts of the shingle weavers to organize the timber in dustry and was followed by Bro. Alli mau with remarks along the same line. 0 Delegate Crandell brought up the subject of the state tax commission's action on the Everett single tax question and urged that the matter should not be dropped by Everett citi zens. After some discussion a com mittee was appointed to go further into the matter. Seventh Vice Pres. Folsom, of the State Federation, was present and made an inspiring address upon the 'subject of organisation of the timber industry. Reports by unions: Barbers—Grand ball in Masonic hall the 27th Inst. Indies Label lea gue to have charge of the floor, of the hoys uy, it is w> >—»•«• • — w» er. TRADE COUNCIL of Organized Labor ously small compared with the unor ganized lumber workers, they would have taken such a suicidal step? Such a thing seems very improbable. In any event, if they had been con sulted in the matter they would have had a more intimate knowledge as to what the issue was and should be. This, In turn, would have enabled them to act in greater harmony and unison and thus, with greater assur ance of victory. The point brought out in this illus tration, the difference between bure aucratic administration and demo cratic administration, is the mos.t vital difference between the I. W. W. and the I. U. of S. XV. S. W. and W. These differences point to the rea son why the shingle weavers have been able to withstand the merciless onslought of the lumber barrons, while the loggers met with miserable defeat. The difference between these two organizations so far as achievements are concerned are all in favor of the I. U. of S. W. S. W. and W. It marks the difference between the workers who fight as they learn to fight, and the workers who fight as they are told to fight. We expect that the I. W. W. will endeavor to disprove these deduc tions made from actual living history, events that have occurred right under our own noses. They will, no doubt, cite what they are doing across the continent. What concerns us most is what they are doing on this side of the continent, and in the Puget Sound country in particular. They may try to disprove our assertions by referring to their constitution. But prudent men will bear in mind that the con stitution as it is enforced, the living constitution, is of greater importance than the constitution as it is written. Achievemens are what count, and in turn, this accounts for the great in flux of former members of the I. W. W. into the I. U. of S. W. S. W. of W. The I. U. of S. W. S. W. and W. has, within the last ten days, brought more men within its fold than has the I. W. W. with its seven years of unmo lested effort. In Snohomish county alone the writer has secured approx imately 400 members, and his work has scarcely got beyond the prelimin ary stage. This, in a large measure, can be said of every lumbering center of the state. To quote International President Brown, "it is the movement that moves." Cooks and Waiters —Six initiations. Gas Workers —One initiation. Shingle Weavers—Eighty initia tions; seventy applications. Stage Workers—One initiation. Painters —Good meeting. Typographical —Appointed a com mittee to assist the cigar makers; condition in the local cigar Industry is bad and reflects no credit upon a city of twenty-five thousand popula tion, which boasts of its belief in home Industry. Tailors —One initiation. Teamsters —Two initiations; sent delegates to northwest conference of teamsters held in Tacoma a week ago. Label League—Two Initiations; aft ernoon session next Thursday after noon. WORK FOR ALL BUT FATHER "Everybody works but father"— j God, what a ghastly lay! "Every body works but father" —he wants too much pay! Mother and Ann and Maggie, and tiny Tim and Bill, work like hell for a paltry wage in the sweatshop and the mill. "Everybody works but father"—he talks like a fool—he asks enough In wages to send the kids to school—he wants more for his daily toll than we pay the wife and brood -he says he ought to have enough to keep them all in food! "Everybody works but father" —for him we have no need —all we want of father Is to just keep up. the breed. The mother and the babies, that' all we require, the mother and the babies —those are the ones we hire. Just keep on breeding babies — that's the bull moose hunch -just keep on breeding babies, we can work the whole damn bunch!— Ex. New Grange* Organized. The number of granges organised and reorganised from Oct 1, 1012, to Dec. 81. UIVJ, both Inclusive. Is as fol lows: Organised.-California. 1; Conneetl cut. I: Idaho. 0; Illinois. 1: Indiana, 9; lowa. 1; Kans.is. 8; Kentucky. 2; Maine, li Massachusetts, 7; Michigan, 0; Minnesota. f>: Missouri. 5; Nebras ka. 1(1; New Jersey. 1; New York. 15; Ohio. 7; Oregon, 2; Pennsylvania, 14; Boutb Dakota. 6; Wisconsin, 4; total. 100 Reorganised-K-ansss, 1; Michigan, 1; total, 2. I scope. Mess House Bill Passes Senate NTRODUCED BY SENATOR CAMPBELL, OF SNOHOMISH COUNTY —- MAY NOT BE COME LAW AT THIS SES SION. (Special Correspondence.! Olympia, Wash.. March 13. —Sen- ator Campbell's anti-company mess house bill has passed the senate. This does not mean, however, that it will become a law at this session, as the machine in control of the rules com mittee in the house, which is absolu tely controlled by the big interests of the state, will never allow a meas ure like this to get by. The bill makes it unlawful for an industrial concern operating in any incorporated city or town within the state, where other boarding houses can be reached, to compel its employees to patronize a boarding or mess house operated by the company. The object of this bill is to cure a condition that exists in many places which makes it almost impossible for any except single men to secure employment in order that the mess house adjunct to the business may be made profitable. As an instance of the injustice of the company mess house evil, the fam ily system has been practically de stroyed in the town of Cosmopolis, in ; the Grays Harbor district, which is dominated by the Grays Harbor Com mercial company, a powerful lumber ing concern. A friend of the bill has submitted the following report, based ,on the directory of R. L. Polk & Co., and on personal knowledge: The town of Cosmopolis has a pop ulation of about 1,200 people. The Grays Harbor Commercial Company ' employs an average of about 650 men. I The town of Cosmopolis has 183 fam ilies, including widows. Out of these IS3 families, there are ,a total of 47 heads of families work ing for the Grays Harbor Commercial ' company out of a total of 650 men em ployed. Out of this population 42 of these heads of families live in Cosmopolis. [but work in Aberdeen. The other 94 heads of families liv ing in Cosmopolis are engaged in va rious business enterprises. Only 17 heads of families working for the Grays Harbor Commercial company own their own homes; 25 heads of families living in Cosmopolis ! and working in Aberdeen, own their !own homes; and 33 heads of neither working in Aberdeen nor for ! the Grays Harbor Commercial com pany, own their own homes in Cosmo polis. A careful examination of the above facts ought to convince any one of the disasterous effect that the company mess house exercises over the family 'system, how it robs the workers of | their rights and hampers the growth and development of communities. SEND GREETINGS TO SECRETARY OF LABOR Hon. William B. Wilson's Trade Union Friends in Washington Congratulate Him Upon Ap pointment—State Senate Sends Greetings. (Special Correspondence.! Olyinpia, Wash.. March. 13.—Trades unionists in the state of Washington are highly gratifieed that Hon. Wrn. B Wilson, of Pennsylvania, an ardent trade unionist, has received the ap pointment as the nation's first secre tary of labor. The following telegram was sent him from Olympia: OLYMPIA, Wash., March 5, 1913— Hon. William B. Wilson, Secretary of i Labor, Washington, D. C. —Your fel low trades unionists in the state of Washington are highly gratified that so able a member and so loyal a de fender of the cause af labor has been honored by the new administration as the nation's first secretary of labor. E. P. Marsh, president State Fed eration of Labor. John E. Campbell, state senator. Fred Overman, state representative. H. L. Hughes, legislative represen tative State Federation of Labor. C. O. Young, organizer A. F. of L Jack Rosen, Sailors' Union. E. W. Olson, Typographical Union. Senate tenders congratulations. 'the following telegram was alßo sent to Mr. Wilson by vote of the Washington state senate: OLYMPIA, Wash., March 5, 1913 — Hon William B. Wilson, Secretary of Labor, Washington, D. C. —The senate of the state of Washington tenders you congratulations as the first In cumbent of the nation's newest cabi net position. XEoot 18,000 employee* In the Inde pendent iron and steel mills tn the Toungatown (O.) district have received a 10 per cent Increase In wnge*. The creation of a minimum scale of wages for women has been demanded hj tbe Chicago city couth II an a much needed weaimn iiirnltuit lh«> mx-lnl ovll iit I * UUUK». THE LABOR JOURNAL Is the official organ of the Trades Council, and is read by the labor ing men and women of Everett Traitors Defeat Important Bill CONSTITUTIONAL AMEND MENT THROUGH INITIA TIVE DEFEATED BY LEGIS LATORS WHO SIGNED PLEDGES TO VOTE FOR SAME. (Special Correspondence.) OLYMPIA, March 13.—Here Is the list of the legislators who pledged themselves at the last election to vote for the bill to give the people the right to amend the constitution through the initiative. Cut it out and preverve it for use in the next cam paign where you can do the most ef fective work against that class of men who would thus deceive the people to get into public office and then voilate the pledge by which the voters trust ed them: Aagard, O. 8., Clarke county--Oral pledge. Arnold, W. E., Lewis county —Sign- ed pledge. Freeman, Miller, King county —Sign- ed pledge. Hayes, W. Dean, Thurston county Signed pledge. Jensen, Jens, Pend Oreville county —Oral pledge and also bound by plat form promise of Progressive party. McCoy, George, Clarke county —Let- ter strongly endorsing the proposition. McKay, T. H„ Chehalis county —Sign- ed pledge. Newman, G. H., Whitman county — Pledged by letter. Rowland, H. X, Benton county — Signed pledge. Siler, J. S., Lewis county —Letter and signed pledge. Stream, A. T., Pacific county- Sign ed pledge. Sumner, Sam R., Chelan county— Signed pledge and sent a letter strong ly endorsing the measure. Urquhart, John, Grant county—Sign ed pledge. Hard Fought Battle. The battle for this peoples' measure, which hung over from Tuesday's skir mish, was resumed Thursday morning and occupied practically the whole of the day. Time and time again the enemies of the bill attempted to de stroy its effect by tacking on amend ments that would have rendered if unworkable, but each time they were defeated by a decisive vote, not strong enough, however, to indicate that the bill itself could be passed on the final vote when a two-thirds majority would be required. Each of tin .--' votes showed that there was a strong possibility that it would be defeated by a vote of from five to seven on final passage. At a late hour, Wednesday night, it had been learned that through an er ror the bill had not been drawn in ex act conformity to the copy of the bill that had been submitted with the pledge blanks, which members had signed. That threatened disaster, but during the parliamentary skirmish that followed the next day, on motion of Thomas Murphine of King county, the bill was referred to the committee on logged-off lands, of which Mur phine is chairman, with instructions to report forthwith. By that process the bill came back with the amend ments necessary to make it conform to the exact bill printed in the original pledge blank. These amendments were adopted and it was plain that is was in such a shape when it came to the vote on final passage that no mem ber could excuse his vote on the grounds that it was not the same bill that he hed given his pledge to sup port. Defeated by Five Votes The vote on final passage was as follows, being five votes short of the necessary two-thirds majority of all the members of the house, which Is required to adopt a measure for amendment of the constitution. Yeas—Arnold, Wm. . A , Axtell, Black, Brislawn, Brown, Brooks, Bry ant, Capron, Chamberlin, Childe, Christensen, Cockery, Craig, Croake. Darling, Dunning. Earl, Falkner, Fon taine, Gilkey, Cilbo, Goss, Gray, Hast ings, Hedger, Hurber, Hill, Holmes. Horrigan, Touser, Hughes. Hurd, Hutchison, Kingery, I.angford, Le- Sourd, Mapes, Masterson, McaFrland. Merriam, Middaugh, Miles, Moll, Mur phine, Neumann, M. M., Norton, (lakes. Overman, Ficken, Pierce, Reid. Robe. Rowland, Dix, H., Sisson, Smith. Stevens, Stewart, Truax, Turnbow, Zednick —60. Noes—Aagard, Adams. Arnold, W. E., Cleland, Connor, Davis, Farns worth, Foster, Field. Freeman. Grass. Greenbank, Halsey, McCoy, Jensen, Kennedy, Lum, McArdle, McCoy, Mc Kay, Mess, Moren. Newman, G. H, Rowland, H X., Slier, 81ms, Steven son, Stream, Sumner, Tonkin, Urqu hart, Wray, Mr. Speaker—B3. Absent and not voting Beam, Cat lin, Sweet, Wells —4. Girls employed tn the white goods; trade In New York are fined a dollar: wbeo they break a sewing nun hint No. 5.