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The labor journal. (Everett, Wash.) 1909-1976, December 26, 1913, Image 2

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&he LABOR JOURNAL
prill.lSHKl) KYKRY FRIDAY
Labor Temple, Everett, Wash.
Entered at the postoffice In Everett, Washington, as second-class mall matter.
E. P. MARSH —Editor
J. E. CAMPBELI - —Business Manager
Phones—Sunset 148, Ind. 115
Subscription $1.00 Per Year in Advance. Advertising Rates on Application.
Harry Smith -.President
Fred McDonald Vice-President
M. T. Alliman Secretary
Thomas Walker Treasurer
M. T. Bowie Sergeant-at-Arms
B. P. Marsh Reading Clerk
(The following comparison of Work
man's Compensation witii Employers
Liability was prepared by John 11.
Wallace, of the Industrial Insurance
Commission, in response to a request
from Gov. West, of Oregon, for an ex
position of industrial insurance. — Bdl
tor's Note.) •
WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION VER
SUS LIABILITY LAW
It will be readily acknowledged that
during the last five years a profound
sentiment has been crystalized in fav
or of workingmen"s compensation, op-!
eraling under State supervision aimed
to give average justice promptly to
those men injured in extra hazardous
works or to their necessitous depend
ents where injury has resulted in
death. Not only does this feeling
exist among employers who believe
that moneys taken out of industry, for
their own so-called protection, as
against the rightful consideration of
the men maimed or dismembered who
may have played an important part in
making the business of his employer
a success but who, because of the in
terposition of the third party, known
as the Casualty Insurance Agency, did
not get the humane consideration that
was his due because of the pernici
ous system operated and controlled by
men whose sole consideration was one
of dollars and cents; but, also by pro
gressive thinkers in the ranks of la
bor who feel that since industry has
been compelled to pay for protection
out of the earnings of those who pro
duce and the prices charged to those
who consume, its protection should
be given in a substantial way where
the benefits accruing would be equally
satisfactory to employer and employee.
Two things, however, must be con
sidered in this subject of vital im
portance, to those engaged in indus
trial operations: First, accident pre
vention, which is more desirable than
any monetary consideration and with
out which the best compeusatiou law H
ever enacted must he a failure; sec
ond, substantial compensation for
those accidents which are non-pre
ventable, in this connection, let me
add, that after a careful study of the
various systems of compensation laws
now in operation throughout the
United States, we are of the opinion
that state insurance as embodied in
the Washington law in conjunction
with strict safety regulations gives
the character of protection most de
sirable to employer and employe alike.
The State of Oregon, our immediate
neighbor to the south, enacted a Com
pensation Law during the last legisla
ture which excels, in many respects,
the best legislation of its kind yet en
acted by any sister state and were it
compulsory instead of optional, there
is very little its critics could say
against it. It is safe to say, nor could
the statement be successfully and
truthfully contradicted, that more
money will reach those injured while
in the course of employment, under
the new righteous system than could
be hoped for under the best liability
law ever written into the statutes of
the state and while we are free to
confess that in exceptional cases,
large verdicts have been rendered in
favor of those injured in extra hazard
ous works, our experience compels us
to the belief that where one substan
tial verdict was rendered, in favor of
the injured workman a large percent
age of which went to fill the coffers
of his attorney, the large majority of
men equally incapacitated were left
penniless to fight life's battles in their
crippled condition as best they could.
In order to understand the merits of
the new system as compared with the
old, it may be necessary to quote facts
and figures showing the relative dif
ference in amounts received by in
jured workmen in the State of Wash
ington for the two years previous to
the enactment of the Workmen's Com
pensation Law and for a relative
period since the law became effective.
During the years 1909-1910, one and
one-half million dollars were paid by
employers of lahor to casualty insur
ance companies for protection against
personal injury litigation, of this
amount, less than 1260 reached the
Don't forget
BETTTER CLOTHES
Union Label
Bachelder & Corneil
Officers Everett Trades Council.
men injured or their dependents when
killed. This amount, however, was
paid by only a percentage of the em
ployers In the stale, many of the smal
!< i- industries carrying no casualty in
surance whatsoever and some of the
more hazardous operations, such as
: mining, being unable to secure insur-
I ance at any price. This Initial cost
did not Include retaining fees for legal
; services, witness fees, nor the added
burden to the taxpayer in taxation of
the common law procedure necessary
to handle this ever increasing per
sonal injury litigation. A conserva
tive estimate, however, of the entire
expenditure covering all phases of this
subject, could not be less than one
and one-hall million dollars per year.
Under the new method as adopted in
the State of Washington, employers
' pay these premiums to the state, and
a board of three Commissioners con
stitute a tribunal for the payment of
moneys to those injured while en
gaged in hazardous work, awards be
ing made promptly according to law
without effort on the part of the in
jured workman excepting the filling
of his statement showing that he was
injured while working for his em
ployer.
In the two years ending October 1,
1913, the state has received in prem
iums, $2,584,538.80, has paid out in
final settlements $1,438,520.80, has
paid to dependents of those killed,
$90,594.37, with balance in reserve on
approved claims for pension purposes,
of $734,206.24, leaving a working bal
ance in the forty-eight classes of $321,
--217.30. There has been reported 28,
--000 accidents to date thus bringing to
the attention of the people of the
state, through this piece of progres
sive legislation, in a comprehensive
and reliable manner, the toll demand
ed by industry for its operation and
the need for education along the lines
of accident prevention such as was
unobtainable under the old casualty
insurance method of doing business.
It would not be admitted, by those
"••entrusted with the administering of
such laws, that they were perfect or
even offered all benefits without
some attending drawbacks, but since
it is the intention of such legislation
to prevent economic waste in so far
as it may be done, both physical and
monetary and while of necessity a
few who received larger amounts un
der the old law may be required
to accept a lesser sum under state In
surance, believing as we do that an
injury to one is the concern of all,
then they must acknowledge that a
greater public good accrues where ev
ery sufferer received the consideration
that under the law is his due.
The amounts paid may be question
ed as to their sufficiency in many in
stances, but the underlying principle
. as to the relative merits of the claim
ants would seem unquestionable.
Many thines can be said for and
, against any law enacted, be its pur
. pose ever so altruistic and no doubt
. defects will be found in legislative en-
I actments in the future as they have
. been in times past, but time and edu
i cation with an intelligent and honest
> desire to make perfect that which is
defective, to do justice where injust-
J ice is done, can be brought about, by
a co-operation of effort on the part of
. employer and employe alike when they
_ work to the end that all waste, either
. of energy or material, shall be con
served for the public good.
; Workmen's Compensation Laws, in
f this respect, are exercising a benefi
t cial influence by bringing into closer
r relationship those men who are doing
• the hard, strenuous and necessary
work and we anticipate that with a
proper understanding of what might
be done for the conservation of life
and limb, the time is not far distant
when because of the intense interest
aroused among employers in behalf
of their workmen, accidents will be
reduced to the minimum, necessitat
ing only a small premium rate to pro
vide ample funds necessary to make
awards and permitting of more ample
allowance where injuries are of a seri
ous nature. Then, and then only, can
we nu asure truthfully and justly the
success of this new, beneficial and
humane system.
we sell
with the
VICTORY FOR LABOR.
Trade Unions Officially Recognized by
British Government.
A very Important concession hns
been made by the British admiralty by
officially recognizing trade unions. In
reply to the demands of tlie dockyard
men the udmiralty agreed hereafter In
the event of disputes to meet deputa
tions of the workmen either In London
or at the dockyards. It also not only
accorded permission to the men in gov
ernment employ to select their own
representatives from the dockyards,
hut will allow them to be accompanied
by trade union leaders not employed
in the yards.
The favoring policy Wbicb) the Brit
ish government has long pursued to
ward labor organizations reaches in its
latest development a quite unprece
dented stage. In the Taff Vale nud
Osborne cases it had to do with the
relations between labor and private
employers, iind in them It strongly fa
vored tlie former. Now it extends the
same principle to relations between la
bor nnd the government itself as an
employer. Hereafter Ihe admiralty in
the national dockyards will recognize
the unions and will treat with them
through their representatives—who
may lie outsiders, not in government
employ instead of directly with the
men in case of any dispute over wages
or conditions of employment.
Tlie supreme Importance of this Is
Obvious. Hereafter if tile employees
at Portsmouth or in London go on
Strike or make demands, instead of
dealing dfreetly with them, the govern
ment may have to negotiate with a
board of walking delegates from the
Yorkshire woolen mills or from the
mines of Wales. It will also be con
fronted with tlie question of the "clos
ed shop" and may be required to estab
lish the rule that none but union mem
bers will be admitted to government
employ, so that the public service will
be substantially "unionized."
Whether it is judicious or not, this
course is certainly consistent. The
government is simply adopting for it
self the policy which it has practically
prescribed or at least has strongly fa
vored for all other employers of labor.
The effects of it will be watched for
with intense Interest, particularly its
effects upon the present working agree
ment between the I.aborltes and the
Liberals In parliament.
REST FOR WORKERS.
International Congress Adopts Drastic
Resolutions.
The closing day of the International
conference for the protection of work
ers at Berne, Switzerland, was marked
by the adoption of a resolution declar
ing that workers must be allowed a
nightly repose of eleven consecutive
hours, whlcb in till cases must include
the hours from 10 p. m. to 5 a. m.
Exception, however, is made in regard
to Coal miners, whose hours of repose
may be changed, but must be longer.
Roys under fourteen years of age were
absolutely forbidden to work at night
by another resolution.
The convention was signed by the
delegates from Croat Britain, Ger
many. Austria. Belgium, Spain, France,
Italy. Norway, Holland, Sweden, Por
tugal and Switzerland, subject to legis
lation in the various countries. Other
delegates, among them the Russian,
decided to refer the convention to their
governments for signature.
The United Stales \v:is not represent
ed at the conference.
Minimum Wage In Texas.
In connection with the agitation for
the establishment by law of a mini
mum wage for women and child work
ers it is Interesting to note that Fort
Worth, Tex., claims the distinction of
having established, by agreement be
tween employing merchants and the i
Retail Clerks' International Protective
association, the first minimum wage
for women workers in stores. Ten
years ago this agreement fixed the
minimum wage at IS per week; later
it was raised to $0, and, doubtless due
at least in some measure to the agi
tation carried on by the Retail Clerks'
union, recently one of the merchants
of Fort Worth has raised the minimum
In his establishment to $9 per week,
not even beginners being put to work
at less than that rate.
Ladies' Tailors Win.
The strike of the 7.000 members of
the Ladles' Tailors' union of New-
York, who struck some weeks ago, has
been officially ended. The new agree
ment provides for a forty-eight hour
working weeka wages ranging from
$17 to $27 a week for (list class firms
iind from ,*ir. to .524 a week for second
class firms.
TRADES COUNCIL.
Friday, Dec. 19.—Only a brief busi
ness session of the Council was held,
the inclement, weather keeping many
of the delegates away from the meet
ing.
The credentials of Hen Kadke of the
Pressmen were acct pted and delegate
Obligated and seated.
Communication from International
Association of Machinists appealing
for flancial aid for strikers in Erie,
Pa., was read and ordered filed.
Musicians reported election of offi
cers; Stage Workers the election of
Bert Webster as a delegate to the
State Federation convention; Team
sters four initiations.
Xo special business was before the
council and adjournment was taken at j
an early hour.
LABOR JOURNAL
LABOR TO THE FORE
Trade Unions' Firm Stand For
Child Labor Legislation.
PIONEERS IN THE MOVEMENT.
Organized Labor Has Insistently Ad
vocated Laws to Help the Children
Important Part Taken by New York
Workingmen.
George A. Hull, secretary of tbe Nesj
York child labor committee, In a re
cent 14-ttcr to the Now York Evening
Post, said:
Representing an organise tion which
has been In close touch during the pasl
ten yea fa with nil child labor legisla
tion in this state, I desire to submit
a statement apropos of your recent
editorial upon the attitude of opera
tlves toward early child labor legisla
tion.
By stating that "in the early days
of child labor legislation, employers
and operatives were a dual source of
opposition, Improvement coming large
ly tlirough disinterested reformers"—
an assertion Which so far as Xew York
state is concerned the facts of history
do not confirm—you have inadvertently
deprived workingmen of credit justly
due them for the important part Which
they had in the enact ment of early
child labor legislation. Whatever in
dividuals may have done, workers as
a class must be judged by what they
have done in their organized groups.
Organized labor from the early years
to the present time lias unmistakably
stood for child labor legislation.
Although New York's first child labor
law was not enacted until 1880, this
subject was actively discussed in labor
circles twenty years previously. Re
ferring to the activity of the Working
men's assembly, the New York So
ciety For the Prevention of Cruelty to
Children, the New York Children's Aid
society and the New York State Medi
cal society. Dr. Prod Rogers Fairchild
in his "Factory Legislation of the
State of New York," repeatedly de
scribes how workingmen either In
itiated or joined with these organiza
tions In an attempt to secure such
legislation. A few extracts will make
this point clear:
"The labor unions were first in the
field and had been at work trying to
secure some kind of child labor law
for several years before the matter
was taken up by others. * * * As
early .as 1864 the organized laborers of
New York were agitating for » * *
the prohibition of child labor. The lit
boring men's convention of 1869 draft
ed :i (child labor) bill, which was pre
sented to the legislature and for six
years failed to receive even the con
sideration of tlie committee."
Year after year, without success, tlie
Worklngmen's assembly and later the
Society For the Prevention of Cruelty
to Children, in conjunction with other
organizations, continued to seek from
the legislature a child labor law. as
appears from the following quotation
from l»r. Fail-child's study:
"In 1884, however, the Worklngmen's
assembly of the state, which had been
Steadily growing in political power at
Albany, joined forces with tlie Society
For the Prevention of cruelty to Chil
dren. A number of factory bills were
before the legislature ill that year, the
leading one being drafted by Mr. Ger
ry and being cordially supported by
the Worklngmen's assembly."
"Again, in 1885, bills were introduced
by the Society For tlie Prevention of
Cruelty to Children and the Working
men's assembly working in co-opera
tion." •
••In 1886 substantially the same bill,
which had been drafted by Mr. Gerry
and pushed by the Society For the Pre
vention of Cruelty to Children nnd the
Worklngmen's assembly in ISS4 and
1885, was again Introduced, aad after
a long discussion and debate the legis
lature finally passed a bill embodying
the main demands of the society anil
the laboring men."
Between IKSO and 1003 important
amendments and additions to this first
law were enacted, in all of which
workingmen had a more or less active
part. This Is particularly true of the
Relnbardt commission legislation of
1890,
In the campaigns since lIHI2, in
which tlie New York child labor com
mittee has taken an active part, our
records show, with but rare exceptions,
the continued co-operation on the part
of laborers In the support of child la
bor bills advocated. In certain phases
of labor legislation these workers have
been the pioneers. This Is notably
true In connection with the fifty-four
hour week law for minors and woni
en. finally enacted in IQI2. after more
than ten years' persistent effort of
workingmen.
Tlie reported opposition of operatives
in Massachusetts toward an eight hour
day for children is in direct contrast to
the support given here by workers f"
exactly this legislation in lUO7. It i
not unlikely, furthermore, that Investl
gallon would show that the opposltloi
mentioned represented Individuals nin'
not labor nntn nidations.
CHRIS GULMBACK
Wholesale
Tobacco and Cigars
1405 Hewitt Avenue
Both Phones 237
BADGE OF HONOR.
The union label Is a badge of
honor, a guarantee of wholesome
conditions lor the workers.
When tlie people in tin- labor
movement more fully realize
these fiu ts. then will the day of
better conditions for all arrive.
While all the political elections
are going on, don't forget that
tlie union label needs your atten
tion. Political parties go in and
out. but the union label must be
kept in the forefront.
The liberties of the whole peo
ple are being preserved by the
trade unions. Organize, educate
and federate.
Don't forget It—the label.
INDUSTRIAL WELFARE.
Conservation of the Worker Benefits
the Public at Large.
Governor Tenor in welcoming the
delegates to Pennsylvania's first indus
trial welfare and efficiency conference
said in part:
Until recently the rapid depletion of
the natural resources of the United
States had not become apparent.
There was an abundance of raw ma
terial and of labor with which to
manufacture Into such various com
modifies as the times demanded. Fur
thermore, the nation's natural re
sources were so rich and vast as seem
lngly to defy exhaustion: consequently
recklessness and extravagance in the
use of this wealth followed. Now a
halt has been called. Economy must
be practiced. Competent labor is no
longer plentiful. The loss of a few
skilled men through accident or ill
health is a serious matter. Many raw
materials are scarce, and conditions are
more like those of some of the foreign
and older nations, where their survival
has absolutely depended upon con
servation of energy and utilization o>
resources along true economic lines.
I have coveted for Pennsylvania
economics in industrial welfare affairs
comparable with the best accomplish
ments of other nations. I would like
to see Irregularity In times of employ
ment all done away with. I would
like to see the physical capacity and
the skill of the worker enhanced all
along the line. Tills should mean not
only an increased wage, but an addi
tion to the wealth of the community
I would like to see the health of tin
employee improved and his safety ns
sured. Compensation for accident is
another economic consideration which
aids the worker nnd his household,
slso the manufacturer, and not least
the public at large.
Few subjects could be more worthy
than those which during this meeting
you will discuss—in concluding how
best to stop waste of material and
energy, how to prevent the loss of life,
limb or health, iind how to better all
of the conditions witli which indtis
trial life is surrounded.
LONDON POLICE ORGANIZE.
Form Union and Expect to Force Au-
thorities to Recognize It.
The policemen of London have be
come inoculated with the trade union
germ, and a provisional committer
drawn from their ranks has been busy
for some time enrolling members in
What has been named the Metropoli
tan Police Trade union.
Every member of tlie force below tin
rank of superintendent is eligible fot
membership, and the men are joining
in such numbers that the organizers
anticipate that the union w ill be strong
enough by Christmas to force the nu
thorities to recognize It.
The metropolitan police force at the
end of 1912 consisted of H3 superin
tendents, 008 Inspectors, 2,687 ser
geants and 17.011 policemen, making a
total of 20.,°>39, but the figures have
been somewhat increased this year.
Labor Conditions In Colorado.
Labor conditions in Colorado were
described by Congressman Keating of
that state In a receut nddress before
the Central Labor union of Washing
ton. Mr. Keating told his hearers that
a condition of political and industrial
slavery existed in his state and that
the "big interests" ran things there in
a high handed manner. At the con
clusion of his address Congressman
Keating offered a resolution, which
was adopted, directing that the house
labor committee investigate the condi
tions in the mines of Colorado.
Larkin Sent to Prison.
James Larkin of Dublin, the leadei
of the striking Irish transport work
ers, has been found guilty on charges
of sedition and inciting lo riot and sen
fenced to seven months' Imprison
ment The attorney general In open
ing the case for the prosecution said
Larkin had not been prosecuted be
cause he was a labor leader, but be
cause be was a wicked and dangerous
criminal. The Irish transport workers
have been on strike since early In
Reptembse,
Proposed French Union.
There ' s B Strong movement on foot
throughout Prance among labor lead*
l !-s to tsilld up n new confederation
iipi a the ruins of the old. patterning
it as far as possible after the Ametl
can federation of Labor In the United
States.
Toll of the. Railroads.
A member of the Brotherhood el
Trainmen Is killed every seven lion
• 1 I' leen minutes, and every nli>'
illicit m a man Is maimed.
Everett's Largest Brag Sters
CITY DRUG STORE
101* Hewitt Aye.
Prescription Druggists
E E. WEB BR, Proprietor
The
Star
Shoe
Store
2903 Hewitt Avenue Riverside
Everett, Wash.
The Viaduct
BOTTLED GOODS
Such a* Pebble Ford $1.25
Old Crow $1.?6
Finchee' Golden Wedding. $1.00
Old O. F. C $1.00
Port Wine 7ic
Per gal. up.
WE GIVE GREEN TRADING
STAMPS
John Jorgensen
Prop.
2116 Hewitt
J. L. MORROW
THE TAILOR
Cleaning and Pressing
aSn Hewitt Aye., Everett
Butter and Cheese for Less '
DAIRY SUPPLY \
2006 Hewitt '
S. &H. Green Trading Stamps '
SOUTH PARE GROCERY
Dealer* in
Staple and Fancy Groceries
Grain and Produce
We carry a complete line of
chicken feed as well as a full
line of groceries.
41st and Colby
Sea. jiSo, lad. 301 X
CARSTEN'S
PACKING COMPANY
Fresh and Salt Meats, Hams,
Bacon, Lard and White
Swan Shortening
All Our Products Are United States Government Inspected
2818 Colby Aye-
Pastime Amusement Parlors
In ltß new quarters. Most up-to-date place In the state. Twenty-six
first-class tables. Good order. Good music. Everybody Invited to see
the big place.
DRIEBSLEIN ft BECKER, Props.
1617 Hewitt
Friday. December 26, 1033.
MCKENZIE'S
WINE HOUSE
California's Finest Product
Port, Sherry, Muscat,
Angelica from $1.00 to
$3.00.
Cordova, Muscat and
Cognac Brandies insure
quality and can be ap
preciated only by those
with a discriminating
taste.
We carry all the leading brands
of Whiskies direct from the
bonded warehouse, that can be
had at the very lowest prices.
Our Automobile delivery brings
prompt service.
We Give Green Trading Stamps
COR. HEWITT AND LOMBARD
EVHRETT
Wholesale and Retail Dealers
—SICE! THE-—
DISTRIBUTORS FOR
CORDOVA WINES
Both Phones 1215
S. D. CLARKE
Rtsoe*u*r te
Axgatl & Clark*
WALL P*PH«, PAINTS AND
GLASS
Papei han-'n g, Painting, Kalso
■tatag
Estimates FuraMiee*—All Wok
Guaranteed
Phones —M. 213, Ind. 5»»7,
R»s. Phane 12f*
We Carry a Li»e of Unisn Label
Wall Paper
JOHN F. JERREAD
UNDERTAKER
A4VO CMBMJNBR
3«89 Broadway Pbaae M. zjo
BAY AND WBKT (IKV»CB
Both Phones 21

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