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THE LABOR JOURNAL
Organ of the Trades pfcouncil, is read by the laboring men and women of Everett. VOL. XXIII. January Clearance Our Semi-Annual Price-Cutting Stock-Clearing SALE of MEN'S, YOUNG MEN'S AND BOYS' SUITS, OVERCOATS, HATS, SHOES AND FURNISHINGS Sale Now In Progress The Brodeck Co. Pre - Inventory Sale LADIES COATS UP TO $15 VALUES $4.98 This 10l includes coats of spendid materials, cravenetted cloths, plain kersey, mixed coatings and earacule. Not all sizes of one kind bul aboul all sizes are here of one or another. COATINGS UP TO $4 VAL UES GOING AT $1.98 YD. New 56-inch, all-wool Coatings, in plain and double faced cloths; extra heavy; good assortment of f Idltn*. A lare buy enables us to offer you such coats at, yard $1.98 $1.25 COTTON QQ BLANKETS AT wOC Nice heavy blanket, soft and firm, (iOxTti Inches, gray and tan. Pair 98c A Competence every month 11, $5, $10. $20 —whatever sum may be spared —means a Competence in later years. In this safe bank the fund is secure and may be started with a deposit of one dollar or more—drawing 4 per cent interest. BANK OF COMMERCE 4 Per Cent on Time and Saving Deposits Riiey-Cooley Shoe Co. FULL LINE OF UNION MADE SHOES Both Phones 766 1712 Hewitt Klein Distributing Company, Inc. J. F. KLEIN, Prop. ITALIAN SWISS COLONY WINES, PORT, SHERRY, MUS Our Hrandios :u<' from the Italian Swiss Colony made of the Purest of Madera drain s. Our ii ading brandi ol whiskey are Bdgewoodi Barbee, Yellow stoui' Harper, Sunnybrook and Hurelay "76" and our brand — "LITTLE OLD FASHION WHISKEY" <► City S .-■ SSfi IMIONKS lad .: • ■ ITT AND OAKES EVERETT, WASH. ■-wjdern Union Shoe Repair Shop WE USE THE UNION REPAIR STAMP EVERETT SHOE MFG. CO. 2003 HEWITT AVENUE L. C. PLAYFORD, Mgr. 1701-3 HEWITT AVENUE SUITINGS UP TO $2 VAL- UES, 98c YD. WJ. to 64-inch, all-wool heavy suit ings: in gray, tan, brown, blue. In fact almost all colors are here. Mixed suitings too, in a big assortment. You must see these to appreciate them. 10c OUTING Q FLANNEL, Yd O C A nice good weight Flannel in a fine assortment of patterns; 27 --inch. Yard 8c SAVING REGULARLY Agency tor CAT, ANGELICA from $1.00 to $3.00 Per Gallon 'NOW FOR THREE, MILLIONS" The Labor Journal I HOPE TO BREAK STRIKE BY DEPORTING MOVER ] SPIRIT OF 76" SHOWN BY MEN, WOMEN AND CHILDREN J IN STRIKE BOUND MINING DISTRICT—STRIKERS CARE % FOR OWN PEOPLE—FIGHTING FOR THE RIGHT TO OR | GANIZE FOR SELF BETTERMENT. (By E. P. Marsh, President Washington State Federation of Labor.) The Btage is sei for the last act in the drama in the copper region of Michigan. For months the copper miners and the copper mag nates have I n engaged in a bitter struggle, marked by brutality, bloodshed, martial law, tragedy and misery. On one side a band of working men with their wives and families fighting with their backs Ito the wall for the righl to organize to improve their conditions. On the other side the mine operators, flanked by suhservienl business interests and the hirelings of the state, determined to crush out of existence any semblance of unionism in thai region. Associated Press dispatches have given some indication of the momentous struggle going <>n in the Michigan strike district, but the real vital facts of the struggle have been carefully omitted. We will briefly relate some of them. The largest corporation engaged in the production of copper in the Michigan district was organized in 1870 with a capital stock, the face value of which is $2,500,000. The shares are $2r>.00 each. They were purchased at $12.00 each, so that tin- actual investment is si. 250,000. Prom thai time until one year ago, stated Secretary Wilson of the department of lahor, a period of forty-two years, that corpor ation declared in dividends $121,000,000, on an investment of $1,251 1 - 000, and made reinvestments out of its earnings of $75,000,000. Nearly $200,000,000 net earnings after paying all the expensi * of their opera tion and large salaries of mine officials. A fortune beyond the dreams of avarice made by one mining corporation in forty ears, made pos sible through the application of lahor to the locked-in riches of Michi gan's copper region. A corporation which could reap such enormous profits from an initial investment, ought to be able to pay a wage and establish working conditions which would enahle the miners and their families to live in happiness and prosperity. How different the story of the treatment accorded the brawny tinners who delved thousands of feet below the earth's surface to produce this wealth. Some of the copper mines of Michigan are > among the deepest in the world, being eighl thousand feet to the l lowest level, In suffocating heal which made the wearing of the [ scantiest clothing unbearable, miners from a score of European conn > tries, worked to the point of physical exhaustion. Each morning they > descended into the mini l , knowing not whether the\ would return to [ their humble homes in the evening or their mangled corpses would [ be brought up the shaft. Many of them vent down for the lasi time on the morning or evening shift. As is customan in all mining camps every bit of ground was owned by the mining companies, prae tically all lines of business controlled by them Men took the wages the operators set ami paid the prices the operators decreed for tin' necessaries of life. The mode of life made m Bsarv by the scant;. wage paid was unthinkable, unspeakable in comparison with, that which should he the birthright of every American workman. The Western Federation of Miners gained a foothold in that region and began organising the miners. A strike ensued which broughl with it a reign of terror in that region, Thugs, gunmen, strikebreakers, were imported, the Citizens Alliance drawn into the struggle, and industrial hell Inaugurated. Is it to he wondered at if the miners struck hack ' All they knew how to do was to use tin' physical strength that was theirs, 'flic civilization of which we boa si had taught them the use of no other means id' protection, had not Mtried to. and instinct prompted them to strike hack with the primitive [ weapons the} knew and recognized, Wrong? Possibly, bnt where * had society been all these years that it taught them nothing else and > showed no interest in their material welfare ' But the Western Fed t oral ion cautioned them against violence, restrained them as besl il > could. In spite of the armed hands of men that rode clown men. women + (Continued on ram two i THE OFFICIAL PAPER OF THE EVERETT TRADES COUNCIL WVEKKTT, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, JANUARY 2, 1913. In honor of the time-worn custom of "resoluting" on each dawn of a new year The Journal presses a few suggestions thai it hopes.will hii the popular fancy of the union men and women of Everett. RESOLVED, Thai I will be more consistent in the year that is coming, in the patronage of union-made goods; that I will not only demand the union label hut will insist that I he furnished with goods of this character. Whether il he in the matter of brooms, shoes, hills, suspenders, clothing of every kind, on what ever I buy, will demand the emblem id' fair labor. I will do this because 1 believe in organization as the best method of bettering the condition "I' the toiling masses, and by demanding the union label. I am help ing in the great work of organization. RESOLVED, That I will endeavor to co-operate with others in my organization t" make it better and more effective in the great cause Tor which it was formed. That I will urge upon my brother the necessity of har monious co-operation as the only method id' arriving at the best results. That I will do more to make the path of my brother the easier, for bj doing thai I am giving a practical exemplification of the intenl of my organi zation. Thai I will urge upon my brethren the n< s sity of the broadening of that fraternal spirit that must Some New Year "Resolves" (With Apologies to the Wyoming Weekly Labor Journal.) PROTEST BOLTON. j Seattle, Dee. 29.—The Team Own ers' association, whose fight In the present strike is being supported and 'I largely financed by the Employers' association, has registered a vigorous . protest against the election of Harry (I. Bolton, president of the Central Labor Council, and vice-president of the state federation of Labor, to the I counclltnanic seat vacated by Austin E, Griffiths. In a communication to the council, the association asserts that since Rob ert n. Hesketh is already a member of the council, union labor is suffi ciently represented. i A protest against Rolton was filed by the United Metal Workers' asso ciation. The Central Labor Council filed an endorsement of Bolton. The council will elect Griffiths' successor BROTHER WILL ACT AS BODY GUARD Chicago, Dec. 30.—President Mover iof the Western Federation of Miners ■announced this afternoon that he would no back to the Michigan copper Inline district and would go back with a body guard. The body guard will be Mover's brother. Chief of Police F. S. Moyer, of Boone, lowa. Serious trouble is almost certain when Moyer attempts to return to the camp in which be was shot and beaten and from which he was di ported Dr. Theresa McMahon, of ih" Uni versity of Washington, wit] not be re appointed on the minimum wage com mission by Governor Lister. Her The governor offers no official < x it is understood, however, that lie feels certain statements made by Mrs McMahon at Everett during one of the commission's hearings, to have been impolitic, Mr- McMahon declares her state ments was that employers, who pay I less than a living w age, have no right to question the morals of thetr working ■ girls. has be* n distorted so that she was quoted as making a broad assertion that employers should not concern themselves at all with a girl's morality. Mrs McMahon is one of the best known women political economists in the -tate ghe was recently endorsed by the Women's Federated clubs for reappointment, OUST DR. MoMAHON ADVOCATES LITERACY TEST FOR FOF.EIGN IMMIGRANTS UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON, Doc S] i believe In the Uteracj ex amination for Immigrants, as advo cated by the American Federation of Mention the Journal to every merchant who solicits your pat- 1 ronage through these columns. : be mi the pool of our organized efforts to insure its reputation. RESOLVED. Thai I hereby renew my allegiance to the Everetl Labor Journal; thai I will do all in my the fie will impress on the merchant, in whatever line, with whom I trade, the fael thai The Journal is the paper of the working class of Everett, and thai I will <•• nsider the appearance of his advertising in its columns as a bid for my further trade. I will do what I can to have the Ideal seleel a corresponded who will see that items of importance are sent to The Labor Journal. In every Way I will 'In what lies in my power to advance the interests of the paper', for by doing that I am doing i ■ the state. RESOLVED, That I will not only try to deal just ly with my brothers in the union, but will cultivate a spirit of fairness with all those with whom 1 may he thrown ii utaet. That I will try to enlarge the good How man. and ilwat'l' th hail that I will hold ~ut the helping hand to officers of the union to which I may belong, rather than the "ham mer." While I may differ with them on position- they take. I will he patient, believing that if in error, ii is help to tin tuition enemy. Labor." said Waler 0. Beach, profes sor of social science at the University of Washington. "Not because it is the most, scientific method of limiting the number of immigrants, but because it is the most easilj applied." The measure which Professor Beach referred to is the one which requires that all foreigners pass examinations in reading and writing in their own ■ feated In the last congress. t United States limit immigration until educated people that is pouring in here." said Mr. Beach. "This includes all foreigners, for we cannot judge Of their quality. This examination will effectually limit the influx for the time being and because of its easy applica tion it should he carried." . DISCOURAGING EMIGRATION Washington. Pec. 27.—A cablegram from Rome to the Press Associations 1 of this country stati s that the Italian government is discouraging emlgra Labor," said Waler 0. Beach, profes sor of social science at the University of Washington. "Not because it Is the most, scientific method of limiting the number of immigrants, but because it is the most easilj applied." The measure which Professor Beach referred to is the one which requires that all foreigners pass examinations in reading and writing In their own ■ feated In the last congress. t United States limit immigration until educated people that is pouring in here." said Mr. Beach. "This includes all foreigners, for we cannot judge Of their quality. This examination will effectually limit the influx for the 'imp being and because of its easy applica tion it should be carried." A. FRANCIS LENZ Of the Lenr-Campbell-Lynton players, presenting the great labor playlet. "The Second Story Man," by Upton Sinclair, at the Rose Theater Sunday, ' Monday and Tuesday. THE LABOR JOURNAL ■c slis no demand in America for unskilled ■ labor, owing to the increase in emigre ( lion from other countries of Europe the 1 lack of outdoor work In winter. The - 1, have be< n instructed to try to dissuade ■ a job awaiting for them from coming ■ i is checked the United States will adopt xtretne restrictive measures and com ■l the It ■ • thel ■ i make the problem of unemployment l more acute than 11 is at the present. V. 47.