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&f>e LABOR JOURNAL PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY Labor Temple, Everett, Wash. Entered at the postoffice in Everett, Washington, as second-class mall matter. eTp. MARSH -n-r"-M Edlto r J E. CAMPBELI Business Manager Phones—Sunset 148, Ind. 115 Subscription $1.00 Per Year in Advance. Advertising Rates on Application. Officers Everett Trades Council. . , L. G. Luts President _ _ _ „ . -_.F. K. Overman V ce-Presldent " M. T. Alliman Secretary ,a „ J. F. McDonald Treasurer ' . , , , ,„„„ Robert Bepler Sergeant-at-Arms WOULD CHECK IMMIGRANTS' NKW YORK. Nov. 7.—At the next session of the sixty-third congress the senate will consider the Burnett im migration bill, which provides for a literacy test for immigrants. The bill has been reported favorably by the senate committee on immigration. In discussing this question, the United Garment Workers, at their re cent Nashville convention, took this position: "The enormous accessions to the ranks of our competing wage work ers, being to a great extent unemploy ed, or only partly employed at uncer tain wages, are lowering the standard of living among the masses of the working people of this country with out giving promise to uplift the great body of immigrants themselves. The overstocking of the labor markets has become a menace to many trade unions, especially those of the lesser skilled workers. Little or no benefit can possibly accrue to an increasing proportion of the great numbers yet coming: they are unfitted to battle intelligently for their rights in this republic, to whose present burdens they but add others still greater. The fate of the majority of the foreign wage workers now here has served to demonstrate on the largest possible scale that immigration is no solution of the world-wide problem of poverty. "Resolved, That we call on Ameri can trade unionists to oppose empha tically the proposed scheme of gov ernment distribution of immigrants, since it would be an obvious means of directly and cheaply furnishing strike breakers to the combined capitalists now seeking the destruction of the trade unions. "Resolved. That we condemn all forms of assisted immigration through charitable agencies or otherwise. "Resolved. That we warn the poor of the earth against coming to Am erica with false hopes; it is our duty to inform them that the economic sit uation in this country is changing with the same rapidity as the methods of industry and commerce. "Resolved, That we call on the gov ernment of the United States for a righteous relief of the wage workers nov in America. We desire that it should either (1) suspend immigration totally for a term of years: or (2i put into force such an illiteracy test as will exclude the ignorant and also impose such a head tax as will com pel the body of immigrants to pay their full footing here and be suffi cient to send back all those who within a stated period should become public dependents." CHICAGO. Nov. 7—A revised sche dule, containing wage increases and better working rules, has been secured by the Order of Railway Conductors and the Brotherhood of Railway Train men for their members employed on tbe Chicago & Northwestern railway. Other advances have been granted by the Quincy, Omaha & Kansas City railroad, the lowa & St. Louis railway, the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy, the Temiskaming & Northern Ontario railway, the Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton railway, Southern railway and the Norfolk and Southern railway. I THEATRE I H Sunday, Nov. 15. Sg OLIVER MOROSCO OFFERS WM A Superb Production of the mm. WM Most Brilliant Comedy yet WM Kj Written in America mm I PEG I I O' MY I I HEART I H By J. Hartley Manners Jfis I iff B M Seattle, Nov. 10th, 1914. Mr. Marsh, Editor Labor Journal, Ev erett, Wash. My Dear Sir: I desire to thank you and all the folks who so unselfishly fought for the cause of the people in the last campaign. We fought a good fight, in a good cause and the tem porary reverse should only spur us to greater endeavor. We were fighting to make conditions better for all the people; we wish to free the child slave of other states; to free the un derpaid overworked women; to give the producer the fruit of his toil; to enact a sane tariff law based on knowledge, not political pull; to abolish the reactionary doctrine of state's rights: to harness our water power for the benefit of all the peo ple; to develop our state so that all might live in comparative comfort, and to give to the people themselves a direct controlling voice in the gov ernment of our country. The forces of progress met with a reversal at the hands of the very people we aimed to assist. The gas tric juices of the stomach were more powerful in their call than the logical program we favored. Hunger and fear of want won the day. My candidacy was but an incident in this battle. I knew that our only chance of victory was a forceful cam paign of education. In the fight 1 did my best. It may be that another might have done more. However that may be, I did my best and made the fight as 1 saw it for more freedom and opportunity for all men. For twenty-five years 1 have been engaged in this struggle: and today, ! while the clouds look the blackest, I still have faith in eventual victory for popular government. I still be lieve in majority rule. I still believe in giving the people more power in stead of less; I am still against spe cial privilege in all its devious forms. I still believe that the time will come, perhaps not in my lifetime or in yours, when the people will come into their own. The forces of progress must take no backward step. We must stand firm against all reactionary laws; we must fight harder than ever before, in or der not to lose ground our cause has won. The war is not over, although a battle has been lost. We declared a holy war against the rule of the few. That war will be carried on, in some form or other, until the people really rule. With best wishes and kindest re gards, I Leg to remain, Yours truly, MARQUETTE, Mich., Nov. 7 — Si age employes In this city have per fected an organization and have af filiated to the International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employes, which is conducting an organizing campaign in the upper peninsula. Workers in i this craft at Muniting and Escunaba have recently joined the trade union movement. STOP STRIKES AND j WAGE REDUCTIONS BY \ PURCHASING ONLY j UNION MADE GOODS 1 < The story of every eh Id is a story !of growth and change—a change too ' gradual and subtle for even the watch i ful eye ot a mother to detect, or mem jory to recall. ONLY in pictures can th< story be told, and a record of the Cbiidieh features and expressions kept for vii lime. A good photograph now ami tlieu will mean everything to you —and them, in after years. h J. Brush "is the photographer in your town." Rooms 218-219, over First Nat.oval bank. Adv. In the Superior Court of the State of Washington in and for the County of Snohomish. EMIL KINNARD, Plaintiff, vs. MARY KINNARD, Defendant. The State of Washington to the said Mary Kiunard, defendant You are hereby sumoned to appear within sixty days after the date of the fir t publication of this summons, to- Wit: within sixty days after the 25th of September, 1914, and defend the abo\e «atitled action, in the above entitled Court and answer the com plaint of the plaintiff and serve a copy of your answer upon the undersigned attorney for plaintiff, at his address below stated; and in case of your fail ure so to do, judgment will be ren dered against you acording to the de mand of the complaint which has been filed with the Clerk of said Court. Tho object of this action is to obtain a decree of divorce from the defendant upon the crounds of abandonment. Ofice and P. O. Address: Second floor. Rcandia Bldg. Everet' Wash. NOTICE OF SALE OF REAL PROP- Notice is hereby given that the un dersigned, trustee of Peter Mcintosh, bankrupt, will sell to the highest and best bidder for cash, the following de scribed real property: The northwest quarter (NW',4) of the southeast quarter (SEVi) and the east one-half (EV&) of the southwest quarter (SWy 4 ) of section thirteen (13) and the northeast quarter (NE%) of the northwest quarter (NWI4) of section twenty-four (24), township one (1) south, range nine (9) west of the Willamette meridian, Tillamook coun ty, Oregon, and containing one hun dred and sixty (160) acres, more or less. Notice is further given that the un dersigned trustee will receive sealed bids for the above described real prop erty directed to him at Raymond, Pa cific county, Washington, and sub mitted on or before the 15th day of September, 1914. No bid will be con sidered unless a certified check in the sum of $100 payable to the under signed trustee is enclosed therewith. The trustee reserves the right to re ject any or all bids. J. D. O'NEIL, Trustee of Peter Mcintosh. Date of first publication, August 28, 1914. 3t NOTICE OF SHERIFF'S SALE OF REAL ESTATE. Sheriff's Office. State of Washington, County of Snohomish, ss.: By virtue of an order of sale issued out of the Honorable Superior Court of Snohomish County, on the 6th day of October, 1914, by the clerk thereof, in the case of F. A. Walker, versus Julius Hanson and Cora Hanson, his wife, No. 14490, and to me as sheriff, di rected and delivered: Notice is hereby given, That I will proceed to sell at public auction to the highest bidder for cash, within the hours prescribed by law for sheriff's sales, to wit: at ten (10) o'clock a. m. on the 7th day of November, A. D., 1914, before the Court House door of said Snohomish County, in the State of Washington, all of the right, title and interest of the said defendant, Julius Hanson and Cora Hanson, his OLE HANSON. wife, in and to tlie following described property, situated in Snohomish Coun ty, State of Washington, to wit: Lots Twenty-six (26) and Twenty-seven (27), in Block Five Hundred Eighty one (581), Mitchell Eand and Improve ment Co.'s first addition to Everett, Snohomish County, Washington, levied on as the property of said defendants, Julius Hanson and Cora Hanson, his wife, to satisfy a judgment amounting to Eleven Hundred Forty ($1,140.00) dollars and costs of suit, in favor of plaintiff. DONALD McRAE, Sheriff. By G. C. Gaston, Deputy. ANDREW JOHNSON, Everett, Wash ington, Attorney for Plaintiff. Date of first publication October 9, 1914, st. Why pay $50.00 to be located. We 1 give you full Information where the best lands are in Western Canada and nriitsh Columbia that are close to railroad and town; name of guide on the ground; full directions to get maps and plats free; how to get homeseek-1 ers' tickets; everything you need to know and locate yourself, all for $3.00. Remit amount of P. O. money order and we will send you the complete Information at once. Canadian Home stead Co., 73 6th St., Portland, Ore. For reference, The Farm Magazine Co., 411 Panama Bldg., Portland, Ore. Adv. A PHOTOGRAPH SUMMONS. NOAH SHAKESPEARE. Attorney for plaintiff. ERTY. Dated this 7th day of October, 1914. FREE CANADIAN HOME STEADS. ORPHEUM Theatre Presenting real picture plays for all the people, every day In the week. Pathes Weekly every Wednesday and Thursday. LABOR JOURNAL DIGNITY OF LABOR. Not a Curse Laid Upon Mankind, but a Blessing. WORK ALONE IS TRULY NOBLE To the Toiler Belongi the Credit For the Advance of Civilization—Praises of the Workingman a* Sounded In Ecclesiasticus. For these workmen maintain tbt fabric of the world, nnd in the handi work of their craft is their prayer \ (Ecclesiasticus xxxviii, 34). I Here is a very different idea of work from that contained in the opening chapters of Genesis. According to this : prophet, labor is not a curse laid upon man for his sin, but a service so holy I that the very doing of it constitutes a "prayer." Therefore does he sound the praises of the workingman as others have sounded the praises of king and soldier. The plowman, the ■ jewel cutter, the blacksmith, the potter ' —all these, "although they are not I sought for in the council of the people I nor exalted in the assembly, though 1 they sit not in the seat of the judges nor understand the covenant of judg ! ment," are still to be numbered among the great and honorable of mankind! j In order to understand the justice of ! this tribute we only have to remind i ourselves that it is work which has made the world what it actually is at : the present moment. AH that we mean by civilization, in the material sense, is the result of toil in the sweat !of men's brows. For ages past tho men who have labored with their hands—the farmers, the woodsmen, the blacksmiths, the spinners, the builders—have been contemptuously re | garded as an inferior grade of human ! ity, as little better, indeed, than ani ' mala! And yet while kings have fought and noblemen hunted, while i gilded courtiers have twirled their I scented handkerchiefs and toyed with their jeweled swords, while so called superior classes of all ages and coun tries have sported, gambled and de bauched, these same inferior laborers have made the world what we see it I today! It is their toil which has I cleared away forests, cultivated farm j lands, opened mines, constructed rail , roads, laid out and builded cities. It Is their work which has created j wealth, founded nations, redeemed the waste places of the earth, reared the ' vast monuments of civilization. Not 1 more surely are the pyramids of Egypt tbe memorial not of the pbaraobs, but of their driven slaves, thau are the huge piles of stone and steel in our modern cities the memorials of the un named toilers of this later age. And not only is it work which has made the world what it is today, but it is work also which keeps the world going from hour to hour. I have food upon my table, clothing upon my bnck, a roof over my head, books upou my | shelves only because a million bands j are toiling in my service. Let this labor be suspended but for a little time and j death and destructiou would stand towering at my threshold. "Without these," says tbe author of Ecclesias ticus. "shall not a city be inhabited. : nor shall men sojourn or walk up and down therein: these maintain the fabric of tlie world." ft is these facts which are slowly teaching the supreme dignity of labor. Carlyle bad these in mind when he de clared that work and work alone is truly noble; Huskin. when he revealed the beauty gained through toil; Morris, When be preached and practiced the , gospel of skilled craftmanship; Millet, when he painted the "Sower," the "Reaper," the "Gleaners;" Abbey, when he used the steel worker and coal miner for his symbolic frescoes in tbe Harrisburg capitol. idleness is i doomed as a badge of distinction. Work must henceforth be the sole title to nobility. Whitman is the true prophet when in his "Song of Occupa tions" be chant! the Homeric cata logue, "house building, blacks ml thing, glassblowin::. ship joining, pile driving, fish curing," and declares that there is nothing "which leads to greater than these lead to."—John Ilaynes Holmes, Church of Messiah, New York City. Broom Makers Gain. International Secretary Boyer of the . Broom and Whisk Makers' union re cently reported as follows: "We have I been very successful during the last year in bringing about increases in I our wage scales. Over 00 per ceut of our entire membership has secured an j average increase of 10 per cent in ■ wages, besides great betterments in 1 shop conditions, especially iv the way lof cleaner workrooms and better sanl | tatiou." A Backward Step. Mississippi not only goes forward slowly, but even binders her forward progress by taking au occasional step backward. She still has a twelve year limit for boys in factories, although she has a fourteen year limit for girls, and this year she weakened her child labor law still more by making it law fid for boys fourteen to eighteen to work ten hours v day instead of only, eight hours, as tbe law of 1012 speci fied. Want Shorter Day. Municipal Qresaen iv Portland, Ore. are asking that their twenty-four hour day he reduced. They insist that In times when eight hours is the rule they are entitled to a shortening of their day. Unionists are aiding them to create pulille sentiment. THE LIVING WAGE. J As wo understand it, the objec- # • tlve of the trade union move- • J ment is tlie sstabUshment of a J • living wage, and while each un- • • ion legislates for Itself under the J • trade autonomy doctrine that • • prevails in tlie American federa- J • tion of labor, we do not under- • , stand that any unions object to • any workman earning more than • s the minimum wage, providing he • • is compensated in the same pro- • • iKirtion of work as in tlie mini- * • mum wage. Trade unionism as c • we understand it does not bold J 1 down the individual who has c • grentest ability, but on the con- # I trary, gives him a greater oppor- c c tunity by preventing him from J § being dragged down by the less c c able nnd less fortunate. J J It is a fact that cannot be dls- c • puted that many of the best or- s J ganlzed trades have thousands c c of members receiving above the • • union rate, the union rate prac- • • tically being a minimum wage or • • a living wage. Surely this Is • • not v deadening of individual op- • • portunlty or a reduction of the J c ablest workmen to the dead level c • of the lowest—Shoe Workers' * c Journal. c WAGES SURE TO RISE. Increasing Cost of Living Must Result In Higher Pay. The laborer to an appreciable extent is controlled in his requirement for wages by house rents and the retail prices of food, both of which are large ly subject to the pressure of taxation, which in this country fulls primarily upon real estate. A living wage means enough to pay the rent and provide food, raiment and other necessaries for a family. There is no reliable official tabula tion which Includes dimensions of rooms, proximity of trolley lines, etc. But it is a well known fact that apart ment house rents in all centers of la bor have steadily Increased. It is equally notorious that the prices of food and of many other necessaries of life have increased and are still in creasing. The palpable cause is ex cessive taxation. The federal government is expend ing over a billion dollars a year, ex clusive of tbe postal system; the states and municipalities three billions more, the city of New York alone expending a quarter of a billion a year, while at the present moment eighty-two mil lions in gold are being exported to meet its maturing obligations in Eu rope. Two-thirds of these colossal sums of expenditure nre collected from taxes upon real estate, while real estate exacts them in turn from its tenants, the majority of whom are la borers. There seems no escape from the con viction that so long as these expendi tures continue wages will rise—slow ly, fitfully, after much resistance (for employers, too, must live and respond to the demands of their trades), after many strikes. But in spite of all wnses under such conditions will rise, and the contractor who omits to con template this contingency must be prepared to run the risk of being much mistaken. Taxation is no neg ligible factor in the adjustment of contract prices.—Alex Del Mar In En gineering Magazine. Doomed to Failure. It Is an encouraging sign of the times that the bluff labor unions started t»y employers for the purpose of defeating legitimate labor organizations are dis appearing. Such bluff onrtititration! were foredoomed to failure. The in creasing intelligence of tbe Wage earn ing class must insure that result. The proved impotence of this and other schemes of union hating employers in trying to prevent the organization of labor gives added encouragement and should enthuse the efforts of organized labor to reach the 3.000.000 mark Which President (iompers has set as the next milestone in tbe onward march of labor. Favor Labor Union Bank. Resolutions approving a central labor union bank in Indianapolis and author ising the appointment of a committee to confer with representatives of other national labor organizations for work ing out tbe details of the plan were adopted in convention at Peoria recent ly by tbe International Association of Bridge and Structural Iron Work ers. Twenty-seven labor organizations maintain headquarters In Indianapolis. Unionism In Norway. Tlie number of workers eligible for organization in Norway last year was 369,128, of which total about 150 per cent nre now organized. Little Brother. Plnyint; In the city street, Uttlo brother: Rumiinß errands with swift feet, PnK.-tiiK me with footsteps fleet, OuKlit we not to know each other, Little brother? Care inn,is early at our call, Little brother Far too heavy burdens fal' On your •boulders sllKht ami smalL Would that I could lift them all. Little bwwher' In tne World's reh-ntleKS mart. Little mother. Bach iniiFi bear his manly part. Earn h -j breed with tod :rid iurt. But \ <■"?■ POUraae break* mv heart, I.iitli in >ther Buu-iv uif-e are. um-onteft tail I. bio'her. LertfritQCl In your boyish orenst? Patch me riow lo help you best. How we each rnav help ttie other. Little brothel —May Preston Slossnn In Ind'-pendent. Our November Sale* Has taken hold of the Ready-to-Wear Section with a deter mination to greatly reduce this stock within the next few days. Ladies' Coats, Suits, Skirts, Dresses, Petticoats, Waists and other lines have been greatly reduced. Children's Coats and Dresses have been treated likewise. The greatest opportunity of the season is here. Don't fail to visit this department. LADIES' SUITS Up to $15.00 value $7,50 LADIES' SUITS Up to $22.75 value $14.50 LADIES' SUITS Up to $35.00 value $19.50 LADIES' COATS Up to $12.50 value $7.50 LADIES' COATS Up to $15.00 value $11.50 HOW SAVINGS CAN GROW IN THIS BANK The following scale will illustrate the growth of your small monthly savings if you deposit same with us at 4% interest compounded twice a year WEEKLY SAVINGS Amount Deposited For Five For Ten For Twenty Each Week Years Years Years One Dollar I $ 293.00 $ 650.00 I $1,614.00 Two Dollars ___ | $ 585.00 $1,301.00 $3,228.00 Five Dollars — j $1,462.00 $3,252.00 | $8,070.00 MONTHLY SAVINGS Amount Deposited For Five For Ten For Twenty _ Each Jtlonth Years Years Years One Dollar $ 66.00 $ 147.6*0 $~866.00 Five Dollars $337.00 $ 736.00 $1,830.00 Ten Dollars $644.00 $1,473.00 $3,661.00 A deposit will double itself at the above rate of interest every seven teen years and eight months. EVERETT TRUST AND SAVINGS BANK EVERETT, WASH. THE OLDEST SAVINGS BANK IN THE COUNTY Carstens Packing Company- Wholesale and Retail Fresh and Salt MEATS Hams, Bacon and Lard 2820 Colby Avenue X? Phones 21 Retiring from Business $45,000 Worth of Men's and Young Men's Cloth- ing on Sale at Cost and Less than Cost -:- -:- THE NORM'N SUIT HOUSf Exclusive Clothiers Friday. November 13, 1014. Cor. Hewitt and Hoy! Ayes.