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The labor journal. (Everett, Wash.) 1909-1976, August 13, 1915, Image 1

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In Organization
There Is Strength!
VOL. XXV.
Labor Forward Band Concert
Attracts Crowd to Park
Musicians' Union Entertain Large
Audience and Interesting Ad
dresses Are Made by Rev.
Flint and President
Flyzik
One of the most pleasing occasions
enjoyed by Everett citizens recently
was the band concert given by the
Musicians' Union in the City Park on
Sunday afternoon last, coupled with
the addresses given by the speakers
of the Labor Forward Movement Com
mittee of the Everett Trades Council.
Preceding the concert, Wagner's band
of eighteen union musicians formed in
line at the Temple on Lombard
avenue, leading automobiles in which
rode those who were to deliver ad
dresses at the park. Proceeding to
Hewitt, the band led the committee of
the Labor Forward movement in pa
rade from Lombard to Colby, thence to
Rockefeller and to the City Park. An
audience of nearly a thousand persons
had gathered in the park and awaited
the parade.
Along the line of parade spirited
marches were played by the band, at
tracting people to front porches and
doorways and leading many more into
the park. Here a large number were
found gathered about the platform and
the musicians entertained their audi
tors with a delightful program of
standard and classic music.
When several selections had been
played, Seventh Vice-President Ed.
Francois of the State Federation of
Labor, acting as chairman, introduced
Secretary Charles Perry Taylor of that
organization.
WHAT THE "LABOR FORWARD
MOVEMENT" MEANS
"We have gathered," said Secretary
Taylor, "to listen this afternoon to the
sweet strains of music as the guests
of our brothers of the musicians'
union, of whom we are most proud.
Mankind little realizes what it owes
to music. Without music w.e would
ail be barbarians. The "Labor For
ward Movement," which has asked
you to be present today, is the pent-up
enthusiasm of organized labor, un
corked and overflowing with determi
nation to make known the hopes, the
ambitions and the trials of the work
ing people. We have our unions, and
we are proud of their achievements,
proud of their principles, and proud
of their purposes for the future. If
we are firmly determined to remain
loyal to our trade unions, it is because
they have been the instrument where
by we have secured higher wages,
Shorter hours and improved workshop
conditions, and because to the unions
we owe so much of whatever freedom
and independence we enjoy as work
ers. "Labor Forward" means labor
enthusiastic, light hearted and per
severing. "Labor Forward" means the
fairness that is our cardinal principle,
the fraternity that is our watchword,
the independence that is our right,
and the courage that marks fearless
manhood. Our doors are open to alii
wage-earners and we are willing, nay,
even anxious, to present the reasons
for our unions to a candid people. We:
NEED FOR ORGANIZATION
TOPEKA, Kan.—Writing in the
Daily Capital, Clyde 0. Tessner makes
this point:
"How is this for prosperous Kansas?
Statistics show that in the canning
and preserving industries in this state
77.47 per cent of the employes receive
less than $10 per week, 15.48 per cent
receive lesß than $6 per week, and
of those who receive less than $10 per
week 62 per cent are men and 28 per
cent are women and children. Their
working time averages but little less
than ten hours per day. Are we not
badly in need of federal labor unions?"
MINIMUM WAGE LAW
EFFECTIVE AUGUST 17
The new hotel and restaurant min
imum wage of $9 per week for all
adult females (over 18) except wait
resses, and $7.60 a week for minors
of both sexes, becomes effective Aug
ust 17, and the industrial welfare com
mission is notifying some 3.300 em
ployers, who will be affected by the
ruling, to this effect.
are determined to preserve our free
dom and our right to collective bar
gaining, and we here again pledge our
loyalty to that common cause which
draws us together—the cause of labor
—'the cause which needs assistance,
the wrong that needs resistance, the
good that we can do.' "
After another selection by the band,
Chairman Francois introduced Rev.
E. E. Flint, pastor of the First Con
gregational Church, who made a short
|address, saying in part:
"MEN NEED ONE ANOTHER"
"I feel in much sympathy with what
is called the 'Labor Forward Move
ment,' the effort of men to bring out
the best that is in them for the good
of their fellows. I really believe that
most of the difficulties that beset us
are the fruit of lack of understanding,
that men need one another, that we
need fellowship to know one another
better and to be more considerate. If
each element in human society could
appreciate the just need of every oth
er element, we could bridge our dif
ferences more easily. What we need
is more fellowship, greater tolerance,
kindlier hearts and more reasonable
minds. Visiting unions with the 'La
bor Forward Committee,' I have been
struck with the great earnestness of
the men and women engaged in this
work, their desire to be fair and to
try to find out how they could help
one another. So I want to urge all
'members of unions to co-operate with
the movement, for I believe it is one
that has your welfare at heart."
The speaker announced that Secre
tary Taylor would deliver an address
.in the evening at the Congregational
church on "Child Labor and Other
Phases of the Work of Organized La
jbor," saying:
"When announcement was made to
,my congregation that Mr. Taylor
J would speak in the church this eve
ning, the members were delighted.
Now, I want you working men to
realize that you are welcome in the
church. The church wants you and
! needs you, and you need the church
'and the religion of Christ. Every good
influence in life needs the co-opera
( tion and fellowship of every other
good influence, and I hope to see that
co-operation between churches and la
bor unions that will enable them to
cast aside prejudice and both work,
as I believe they try to work, for all
that is good for mankind."
President Martin Flyzik, of Seattle,
head of the United Mine Workers of
the State of Washington, District No.
10, was Introduced by Chairman Fran
cois in these words:
"Now let me present to you an ora
tor who is connected in official capac
ity with the largest trade union in
America, the United Mine Workers, a
craft numbering its membership by
the hundreds of thousands, a craft
made up of many nationalities, a craft
that has been persecuted but which no
persecution can discourage. I have
great pleasure in introducing Brother
Martin Flyzik."
President Flyzik spoke in part as
follows:
BASIS OF INDUSTRIAL PEACE
"My good friends of Everett: This
is the first time, I believe, I have had
(Continued on Page SI
STEEL WORKERS WIN
BUFFALO, N. V. —Employes ot trie
Seneca Iron and Steel company at
Blasdcl. near here, have won their
strike and formed a local affiliated
to the Amalgamated Association of
Iron, Steel and Tin Workers. A. F.
of L, Organizer Streifler assisted
these workers, who have raised wages
from 10 to 18 per cent over former
rates. The victory is more than or
dinary because the Amalgamated as
sociation has been attempting to or
ganize this mill for several years. It
is believed present successes will have
an effect on steel workers employed
in the non-union Lackawanna Steel
company, at Lackawanna.
The agreement with the Seneca com
pany provides for a regular wage scale
and the creation of a permanent arbi
tration board to settle disputes. Em
ployes shall designate one of their
number to serve on the board. It is
further agreed that "there shall be no
cessation of work during the delibera
tion of the arbitration board," and the
company agrees that there shall be no
discrimination because of union affi
liation
The Labor Journal
WHAT SHALL WE DO ABOUT THE
WATER QUESTION ?
By R. J. Faussett
Attorney-at-Law
It is a well-known fact that the pres
ent system has been inadequate for
several years past; that it is now and
has been for a considerable time past
so contaminated that the company has
been compelled to use about all the
hypochlorite that it Will stand and not
kill those who use the water. We
were told by Mr. McChesney's hired
agent, Mr. R. H. Thompson, that this
hypochlorite is not injurious, and the
company's manager is quoted in the
Everett Morning Tribune of August
6, 1915, as saying: "Any one com
petent to judge knows that if the
health of a community is good its
water must be." Wil the company or
any one for it explain why it uses the
hypochlorite that it does if the water
is good? Please answer. But just
read what the Morning Tribune of the
same date says under the caption,
"New Antiseptic is Discovered." Lis
ten —it reads in part as follows: "The
most powerful antiseptic known is
hypochlorite of lime, but its use is in
jurious to the tissues owing to its
acidity, and it does not keep." This
is the discovery made by two eminent
scientists named in the article men
tioned. How do you like that kind of
stuff to drink, Everett citizens? And
the company says to you, in effect,
you shall not own the present sys
tem; we will compel you to continue
to drink from the present system, and
pay four or five times what good water
should cost, and further, that if you
vote to own your own system, it will
keep you in the courts for seventeen
years or more. How do you like that
challenge? Will you bow to its dic
tation? Or will you, as true Ameri
can citizens, go to the polls on August
24th and vote to own and operate our
own water system, and thereby release
ourselves from the present company
and insure to our city for all time
abundant pure water.
HERE'S THE ISSUE
The United States Government
stands ready offering to Everett one
of the finest water sources in the
U. S. Offering it to the city for the
taking; with it goes one of the great
est water powers in the northwest.
Shall we pass it up, and let a private
corporation take it over, exploit it,
and at some future time pay it mil
lions for what we now can have for
the taking? Surely the people of
Everett are not insane enough, now
when the chance is offered, to let it
go by forever. But the company hopes
by throwing dust in the people's eyes
to accomplish this very thing, in which
event, you may rest assured, that at
some future time the Sultan River pro
ject will be turned over to the Stone
THE OFFICIAL PAPER OF THE
DEVOTED TO THE INTEREST
READ YOUR
LABOR PAPER
In every community large enough to be called a city the Union Labor
Organizations boast a publication known as the labor paper, a period:, r
owned and controlled by the Central I il'or Council. This publication can
be made one of the most valuable and effective weapons of the organised
men. Reaching the home of the work mgman every week, telling the story
of his daily effort to improve his conditions of life and work, it can be
made to teem with interesting news ot the activities of ever\ organized
trade and calling.
Be proud in the possession of your own publication, through which you
have opportunity to reach and mould public opinion and thus make many
friends for your union cause. Read your paper and be loyal to it. for it is
your spokesman, your mouthpiece, your representative, your friend.
EVERETT, WASH., FRIDAY, AUGUST 13, 1915.
& Webster interests, and it will, when
it gets ready, bring in the water from
Canyon creek, and let Stone & Web
ster have the great power on the Sul
tan River. No doubt this is the plan.
The company and its agents talk about
the cost, the "fake surveys," and the
danger of "laying the pipe on top of
the ground," etc. Were the company
half as anxious about giving the peo
ple good water and at reasonable rates,
Everett would long ago have had a
water system that would furnish an
abundance of pure water, and with it
fire protection. The lessor of the wa
ter company is very anxious about i
the protection of the pipe, and wishes
it put under ground. He probably does
this in the same spirit, and for the
same reasons that he has as it is said
by all who have lived Ik re In early
days, opposed the putting in of a sew-'
er system when the city first under
took it; the same reason that he op
posed the building of a street car line!
into Everett; for the same reason that!
he has opposed many things that were
for the welfare of the city, because it
affects his pocketbook I have no
quarrel with that genrleman, but Ij
oppose him for the reason that he is
endeavoring to keep upon the neck of
the people of this city an unjust bur- j
den —-the paying of exorbitant prices
for water that is not fit for human
use, in order that his bank account
may be kept at a high water mark by
the toiling masses of this city. How
much would the water plant be worth
anyway if the people of Everett \
should all leave the city? Or bettei
yet, put in their own water system
and let Stone & Webs' r run theirs?
The lessor says he wil not accept $1,
--100,000. Well, he has not yet been j
| offered it, and no doubt will not be!
unless a jury in condemnation pro-!
ceedings awards it to the owner. In
asmuch as Stone & Webster interests i
have a nine hundred and ninety-nine:
year lease on it, and the Everett Rail
way Light & Water Company, of J
which Mr. McChesnej is the president,,
receives some $60,000 per year over;
and above, so it is stated, operating
expenses, taxes, interest on indebted
ness, sinking fund i harges and divi
dends on stock, it is easy to under
stand why Mr. McChesney so strong
ly opposes Everett In taking over the
present system or trying to get any,
other. I don't blani him; any of us
would resist the tak :ig away of such
a fine plum.
SOME OFFICIAL FIGURES
But we are told by the wise ones —
those who are looking after the health
(?) of our citizens or it may be their
pocketbook—that \\. can not build it
and pay for it; that the city will be
bankrupt. Oh, such dire things that
will happen if Everett should get its
By Charles Perry Taylor
EVERETT TRADES COUNCIL.
OF ORGANIZED LABOR.
own pure water. Well, let us see.
Here are some of the official figures
from the findings of the public serv
ice commission. The earnings of the
water company, over and above op
erating expenses, taxes and deprecia
tion for the years 1909, 1910, 1911,
1912, 1913 and 1914 were as follows:
1909 $ 67,972.00
1910 69,140.00
1911 66,007.00
1912 90.206.72
1913 102.801.51
1914 106,636.96
I I ask: Is this not going some? Re
-1 member, these are the net earnings
of the plant as shown by official rec
ords. It is true that the taxes for
1912, 1913 and 1914 on the water plant
are to be deducted from the above,
but if the city owned the system it
would not be taxed any more than
, our schools or courthouse and other
improvements are taxed. I believe it
| would be a wise thing to have these
earnings going into the city treasur
er's vault to invest in a system of our
own. Do you? If so vote on August
24 to own our own system.
WHY "THEY" FIGHT
The net earnings last year, as shown
i above, would pay 5 per cent, on more
ithan two million dollars. Do you see
why they are fighting it so hard?
The proposed plant, including the
condemnation and taking over of the
present plant, and building the line
to Sultan Basin will not cost to exceed
$1.700.0011, and likely not more than
$1,500,000, and if it costs $1,700,000 the
interest at that at 5 per cent, would
be only $55,000 per year; then out of
last year's net earning there would
be $21,000 left. But does any one be
lieve that Everett will not continue to
grow in the future as it has in the
'past? And especially if it is given an
abundance of pure cheap water and
! power. Some one has said: But you
I are going to pay 6 per cent, on some
lof the bonds. There is no such a
proposition, but rather not to exceed
■ 6 per cent. Indeed, it is more likely
'to be 4 1-2 per cent, than 6 per cent.
Just look at the above figures and
see how the net earnings have in
creased since 1909. And remember, in
addition to the above figures, that
since 1912 we have been paying Stone
& Webster $1,450 per month for "gen
-1 eral management"--whatever that
may be. The writer asked Mr. Mc-
Chesney at the meeting at the high
school a week ago to explain what
this general management meant, and
we are still waiting for an answer.
| The only answer is echo.
And then the $51,800 per year as
rentals, and the Slti.OOO that one of
the Stone & Webster corporations
charges the other for power used in
(Continued on Page 4)
Ask for the Label
A Sign of Progress
Labor Official Discusses
Child Labor Problem
Before Audience in First Congre
gational Church State Labor
Secretary Describes Con
ditions in Factories
and Mines
During the vacation of Rev. E. E.
Flint, pastor of the First Congrega
tional Church, the pulpit was filled
last Sunday evening, at the invitation
of the pastor and congregation, by
Charles Perry Taylor, of Tacoma, sec
retary of the Washington State Fed
eration of Labor, who has been in
Everett for a few weeks aiding the
Trades Council and its Labor Forward
Movement committee. Secretary Tay
lor gave a general address on the
subject of labor organizations and
their objects, but paid particular at
tention to the evils of child labor in
America, stating that few people were
generally aware of the great extent
to which child labor had grown in
modern industrial life. A large num
ber of Everett trade unionists attend
ed the evening's services, accepting
the kind invitation of the pastor to
feel welcome in the church. Mr. Tay
lor's address in part follows:
"In presenting to you this evening,
my friends, a brief discussion of some
of the evils of our modern industrial
life, and the efforts of labor unions to
overcome and rectify unjust condi
tions, I wish to tell you the story' of
the man, woman and child who toil
that they may live, and tell it in as
simple and frank manner as may be
possible. We are a nation of nearly
a hundred million souls, living in an
age of great mechanical ingenuity. In
ventive genius has given us conquest
of the air above the earth, we navi
gate the water below its surface, elec
trical energy transmits our thoughts
round the globe in a moment, we speak
across a continent, and. discarding
even the wires of the telegraph, we
communicate with our fellowmen at
great distances. Truly is it a wonder
ful age in which we live, when man
harnesses the lightning, navigates the
air and speaks across almost limitless
space. We seem to approach the
dream of the ancient Pagans, who
longed to be gods and command all
things in the universe.
MAN S EARLY STRUGGLES
"Scientists assert the age of man's
development to be measured in mil
lions of years, estimating that for
hundreds of thousands of years man
had not discovered fire, that the
earliest habitations of the human race
were the natural caves, that for other
hundreds of thousands of years man
lived without a weapon of offense or
defense, only learning after a long
period to fasten a rock to a stick with
a thong and thus create a crude ham
' mer. or with a sharp rock form an ax.
"The early history of the human
family is shrouded in the mists of
time, but for the brief ten thousand
years or more in which the human
family has written its history, pro
gress has been most rapid*compared
with the time gone before. On the
fields and plains of Asia the first la
borers scratched the soil to maintain
j life, depending more upon the edible
wild lruits provided by an all-wise
Creator than upon their own hus
bandry. The early laborers were
| slaves, captives in war of the bar
barOtiS chieftains who conquered their
\ fellows by their own physical strength
. and then organized their tribes for
[subjugation of neighboring savages.
I The early laborer was a war captive,
j condemned and despised. One of the
oldest of man's efforts to educate him
self was the organization of the build
ers, who began by bending the
branches of trees together overhead
to form rude shelter In King Solo
man's time early trades unioniam. then
Freemasonry, sought to cultivate
craftsmanship and spread education
among the mechanics and artificer!
LABORERS WAGES RAISED
KVERHTT. Mass —The city council
has increased wages of city laborers
from $2.25 to $2 J| per day The coin
ell refused to accept a report of its
committee on finance that a two
weeks' vacation for these workeim is
Illegal This order was passed
of that early era. Education was de
nied to bondmen and reserved to the
rulers and nobility, who had their
origin in human conquest.
ORIGIN OF LABOR UNIONS
"Labor unions in the Middle Ages
were called guilds and combined both
master and man as members, wherein
artistic and skilled workmanship
brought greatest honor, and but little
thought was given to profit or increase
of wealth. In the days of Rome, with
her awful cruelties, the workers were
compelled to serve the patricians and
the populace was compelled to be sat
isfied with 'bread and the circus.' The
arena swam with the blood of gladia
tors chosen from among slaves taken
in war. Adherents to the religion of
the Carpenter of Galilee were thrown
to lions and tigers to make a Roman
holiday. Man, made in the image of
his Maker, endowed with the knowl
edge of good and evil, a creature a lit
tle lower than the angels, has op
pressed his fellows since time began.
He fought his neighbor w hen time was
young, and he kills his brother in
wholesale murder, miscalled war, in
these the modern days. Man was and
is still a brute, and all our boasted
modern civilization seemingly only
the veneer that surfaces a savage.
"Trades unions in America have
been co-existent with the nation it
self, but have reached their greatest
development within the last half cen
tury. Not only do the workers in
shop, mill and mine and factory pro
tect themselves by organization, but
the agricultural laborer, the farmer,
has his union, or grange, for like pur
poses. Railway transportation includes
three-quarters of a million wage-earn
ers of skill, while the workshops of
the nation have been organized, at
least partially, into a great group of
over two millions of toilers in me
chanical pursuits, divided into trades
and occupations.
PURPOSES OF TRADES UNIONS
"Primarily in modern times wage
earners first sought through organiza
tion higher wages, then shorter hours,
then improved working conditions,
then humane legislation, protection to
health, limb and life in industry, con
servation of strength and skill, pro
tection to womanhood and childhood
among the workers, universal free edu
cation, political liberty and every
good thing to which men may aspire.
One of the greatest abuses still too
little in check is that of child labor.
Nearly two million children are in
American industry who should be at
school, in the home and on the play
ground. Labor unions demand for the
child a fair chance to reach, maturity
unstunted. either physically or men
tally. In the cotton mills of the South
children are exploited without mercy—
hoys and girls of tender years kept at
machinery twelve or fourteen hours
a day, seven days a wepk. for a beg
garly pay of a few cents a day. ln
the sweatshops of New Kngland and
the Middle States, notably In New
York and Brooklyn, Children of for
eign parents are employed in four
tenement workrooms with all the old
er members of their families, working
and living conditions being combined
amid squalor, poverty, ignorance, dis
ease and filth. Nor are these isolated
cases, but thousands art thus engaged
and the birth-ratte is so far exceeded
by the death rate of the childhood in
these slum workshops and homes as
to be a veritable slaughter of the in
nocents to gratify the greed of selfish
commercialism Breaker boys in
mines, to the number of thousands,
have no chance for education, never
heard of a Sunday school, but can
swear in several languages.
BRUTALITIES OF CHILD LA
BOR WORSE THAN WAR
"Union labor seeks to correct these
wrongs. Imagine your 3-year-old babe
employed in sorting paper flowers,
color from color, until the tiny fingers
fall in weariness and the eyelids close
in exhaustion after hours of toil. Im
l (Continued on Page 3)
A thousand cans of tomatoes can
Ibe put up at a cost of $26.05. accord
ing to the Arkansas Rureau of Mines,
Manufacturers and Agriculture. In a
letter sent out broadcast warning the
farmers of the cotton situation and
pointing a way out of hard times.
Patronize YOUR advertiser* 1
No. 2- r ,

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