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The labor journal. (Everett, Wash.) 1909-1976, July 07, 1916, Image 1

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Register Again!
Do It Now!
'VOL. XXV.
Exploiters Blamed
for Mexico's Troubles
New York. —Carlos Lovelra and
| Baltasar Pages, representatives of
Yucatan (Mexico) organized workers,
have arrived in this city and have
made public an appeal to American
workers for peace between Mexico
and the United States signed by of
ficers of the following Yucatan
unions:
Electricians, carpenters, seamen,
bakers, masons, hotel and restaurant
clerks and cooks, commercial clerks,
smeltermen, hackmen, railroad men
and machinists, blacksmiths and boiler
makers.
Next week the Mexicans will visit
Washington and present a copy of the
proclamation to President Gompers —
who is now in the middle West —and
also discuss with the A. F. of L. ex
ecutive his proposal that a conference
be held at El Paso, Texas, between
representatives of the American Fed
eration of Labor and the Mexican
trade union movement.
The proclamation signed by the
Mexican unionists is a stirring appeal
for fraternity and peace between the
two countries.
"Until the day on which our social
revolution broke out," says this
I spirited document, "Mexico was, de
spite its wonderful resources, a land
of desolation and misery for the real
producer, for the proletarians, be
cause sheltered by the government—■
represented first by Porfirio Diaz, the
dictator, generally known as the czar
of the Americas, and later by Victo
riano Huerto —ignorance, religious in
tolerance, alcoholism and proletarian
slavery in its most, tenible forrj pre
vailed in the country.
"In shops, mines and manufacturing
centers the condition of the toilers,
although not so bad as in the 'ha
ciendas,' were still terrible; 12 or 14
hours daily, poorly paid labor was ex
acted without the hope of any pro
gressive legislation at all being enact
ed that would secure their condition
as free citizens; at the mercy of their
'owners,' Mexican or foreigners, who —
while the real producers howled, bore
the yoke of servilism and suffered
starvation —drove through the bril
liant streets of the City of Mexico in
luxurious automobiles, and built in
every corner of the same 'villas' and
palaces that gave the capital of the
republic universal renown.
"Public instruction, especially in
the large rural districts, was entirely
abandoned, because it was the dicta
SHIP BUILDERS ORGANIZE
Baltimore. —Over 1,000 unorganized
ship builders employed by the Balti
more Dry Dock and Shipbuilding
Company struck to enforce better
working conditions and shorter hours.
Then tiey organized. A conference
was arranged and the company agreed
that a 4 per cent wage increase would
become effective not later than Sept.
30 and another 4 per cent increase
not later than Jan. 1, with a 50-hour
week on the later date, or earlier if
work now in the yard is completed.
All strikers will return to their
former positions and the company
agrees not to discriminate because of
union affiliation and to hereafter re
oelve committees to discuss griev
ances.
MACHINISTS RAISE WAGES
Owosso, Mich.- Machinists em
ployed by the Ann Arbor railroad
have secured the nine-hour day and
■increased wages \V> cents an hour.
Worcester, Mass. — Machinists'
Union No. 339 has signed a union
shop agreement with the O. & J. Ma
chine Company. The eight-hour day
will be inaugurated by reducing the
work day every three months until
December 2, when eight hours shall
be the rule.
HIGHER WAGES IN NEWPORT
Newport, H. I. The Plumbers'
Union has raised wages from $4 to
$4.50 a day and upholsterers have In
creased their rates from $3.50 to $4.
Colonel Hartley Stands For Liberty But Bars The Union Label
BY YUCATAN WORKERS
torial policy, in this respect, to drive
the poor people to the great 'ha
ciendas,' great mine and factory re
gions, where they could be more easily
controlled by the 'rurales' and the
soldiers, instead of allowing them to
go to school and get an education to
become real citizens deserving of such
a title.
"Workingmen in Mexico were killed
if they attempted to unionize or to
strike; the peasants were slaughtered
in order to secure their property; the 1
Yaqui Indians were deported or sold
into slavery in Yucatan, so that the
great land owners of the State of So
nora could sell their lands to American
syndicates. Anybody who protested,
orally or in writing, was thrown into
jail, where imprisonment was worse
than death.
"We want to say, very frankly, to
Ihe American toilers that the Mexican
people do not hate the real American
people, the people who still have in
their heart the principles of Washing
ton and Franklin; we do not have
any hostile sentiment of any kind
against you, American laborers. In the
United States we only hate the mo
nopolists, the great oil and railroad
kings, all those who have utilized the
richness of our land for their personal
benefit; impudently stealing from us
the fruits of our labor; the same as
they do with you in your country,
those very same compatriots of yours,
whose only interests are their bank
accounts, having no love of country,
honor, or your ideas of life.
"Be on your guard, workers of the
United States. The Colrtmbus raid,
all of the anti-Mexican agitation of
the mercenary press of North Amer
ica, all the meetings, lectures and
publications of our foes in the great
American cities, are only for the pur
pose of drowning in blood the desires
of a brother people who have had the
courage and the strength; to rebel
against their oppressors, of giving
the workers of the world an example
of the only social revolution that
honestly deserves such a name.
"Be on watch, North American com
rades. Do not allow any one to fool
you with the lies of those who, as
long as they can make money, do not
care very much about the killing of
thousands of laborers. Help us to
secure that, once and forever, the
United States troops be recalled,
avoiding the great danger that there
is and must be while a khaki uniform
remains in Mexican territory."
PAINTERS REJECT OFFER
Johnstown, Pa. — The Painters'
Union has rejected their employers'
offer to return to work on a basis of
eight hours for eight hours' pay.
These workers are striking for eight
hours with no wage reduction. They
suspended work a month ago, and a
large number of non-unionists have
joined with them.
Brewery workers have organized all ;
plants in this city but one—the i
Geoner Brewing Company. The Bar
tenders' Union is cooperating with i
the brewery workers to make Johns- |
town 100 per cent organized in this i
industry.
EASTERN UNIONISTS UNITE
Boston.—At a meeting of delegates
of the various state branches and cen
tral labor bodies in this city, a New
England State Federation of Labor
was organized, permanent officers
elected and a constitution and by-laws
adopted. The eight-hour day was fa
vored and Edward S. Alden, of Hol
yoke, Mass., chosen president and
John J. Coyne, of Manchester, N. H.,
secretary-treasurer.
LOCOMOTIVE FIREMEN MEET
Denver, Colo. —The triennial con
vention of the Brotherhood of loco
motive Firemen and Engineinen con
vened in this city last week. Presi
dent Carter stated that the organiza
tion Is in a most flourishing condition
and that Its finances now reach the
high water mark, $4,686,938.67.
The Labor Journal
Shingle weavers
Have Rousing
Meeting i
Despite the inclement weather, the
| weavers turned out in full force to
mass meeting held at the Labor
Temple last Sunday.
Brother J. G. Brown, international
president of the union, made the
opening address and stated that indi
cations from all parts pointed to a
complete victory for the weavers all
Jdown the line.
It was announced that Bloedel
■ Donovan Co. at Bellingham, one of
the largest mill owners in the slate,
'was starting with a full union crew,
paying the scale. Several other mills
in different parts were also com
|mencing operations under union con
ditions.
Brother Swenson of the Typo's
(from Spokane was present and gave
la very interesting talk on the need
for solidarity of purpose and spirit
amongst union men. Among other
[things Brother Swenson, in referring
to Colonel Hartley's stand on union
; ism, said: "This is the man who in
[the last legislature fathered a bill to
I compel innocent children to salute
the flag in the public schools. No
wonder it requires force to make the
people patriotic with men like Hart
ley in our legislative bodies.'' Brother
Swenson has been on labor's firing
line for a good many years. He is a
consistent advocate of working class
solidarity and believes in the use of
the ballot as an effective weapon in
the industrial emancipation of the
working class, our class.
Brother Marsh also spoke a few
( words about the remarkable showing
of the weavers, stating that when the
strike was called things looked un
, certain, but to a man all the weavers
I went out and are organized 100 per
cent and today are more enthused and
.their ranks more solid than when the
strike was called. The workers are
realizing the power of solidarity.
_
Question —A declares that the de
termining factor in the price of a com
modity is the law of supply and de
mand. B claims otherwise. Who is
correct, and why?
Answer —A is right. The law of
supply and demand determines the
price, but not the value. In Vol. I,
Marx's "Capital/ this is fully dis
cussed.
NEWS AND VIEWS
STETSON STRIKE IS OVER
Philadelphia.—Although the strike
at the Stetson Hat Company is over,
this arrogant $8,000,000 corporation
I has been taught several lessons by its
workers who were forced on strike,
although unorganized. These work
ers, for the first time, have sensed the
power of solidity and the company's
promises indicate that it realizes the
old days have passed forever.
One of the gains secured is the
abolishment of gas complained of by i
strikers. The company manufactured
its own gas and used it in the process
of making hat s. Employes were often
forced to go to hospitals and lose
days of work because of this gas. The
percentage system will be adjusted,
and the company agrees*to hear the
grievances of its employes.
Many of the strikers have secured
other employment and declare they
will never be knoyvn as Stetson em
ployes until this concern accords its
workers the right to bargain col
lectively and until it is forced to
abandon, through the power of trade
unionism, working conditions that are
not indorsed by thinking men and
women.
INDUSTRY'S TERRIBLE TOLL
Harrisburg, Pa. —From January 1 to
June 1 of this year 862 men were
billed in industrial establishments in
this state. As a result of this slaugh
ter, 537 women were made widows.
1,109 children were robbed of a father
and 37 dependent parents lost a bread
winner. Of the 862 men killed, 315
were unmarried. The total compensa
tion awarded is $742,962.75.
I
THE OFFICIAL PAPER OF THE
DEVOTED TO THE INTEREST
EVERETT, WASH., FRIDAY, JULY 7, 1916
TRADES
COUNCIL
NEWS
The Council was called to order at
X p. in. with President Smith in the
chair.
All the local unions reported having
good meetings and still growing,
which proves that union labor is very
much alive in Everett.
J. C. Sovde, .141!) Everett avenue,
grocery store, being now fair to labor,
was ordered taken off the unfair list.
John Grant was ordered placed on
the unfair list by the Building Trades
Council.
Longshoremen and Tug Boat Work
ers got the advice of the Council re
garding placing the City Dock on the
unfair list.
Tlie Council passed a resolution
favoring a peace parade for organized
labor, on Labor Day, and a committee
was appointed consisting of Brothers
Mills, Michel. Wagner, (Irani and
Olinger to make all necessary ar
rangements.
Labor Day Committee met imme
diately after the Trades Council
meeting.
Brother Mills was electeu chairman
and Olinger as secretary.
It was decided to Invite local
unions at nearby towns to participate
in the parade and celebration. Locals
are requested not to impose fines on
members not appearing, as the com
mittee wants the satisfaction of
knowing that every union man in line
is there to express his true convic
tions, and show the labor hating ele
ment in Everett that we mean busi
ness and 89* right on t? B job all the
time.
Applications for the position of
editor of the Labor Journal are de
sired by the Board of Control. Ap
plicants must state salary and ex
perience and applications to be in not
later than July 16. Address Board
of Control, Labor Journal, Labor
Temple, Everett.
It is estimated that the average
manure pile will breed 900,000 flies
per ton?
Charily begins—and ends —in graft.
DEMAND EIGHT-HOUR DAY
Rochester, N. V. —About 250 ma-
chinists and other craftsmen em-
ployed by the American Laundry Ma
chinery Company are on strike for an,
eight-hour day.
Employes of this company's Toron
to, Chicago and Cincinnati branches
are also striking for the same reason.
FREIGHT HANDLERS QUIT
WORK
Boston.—Freight handlers employed
by the Eastern Steamship Corporation
are on strike to raise wages from 32
to 40 cents an hour for day work,
from 40 to 60 cents an hour for over
time, and from 40 to SO cents an hour
for Sundays and holidays.
STETSON HAT STRIKE ENDS
Philadelphia. —Striking employes of
the Stetson Hat Company have voted
to return to work, accepting the agree
meut made pos: :ole by Robert Mc-
Wade, representing the federal depart
ment of labor. The strike started
March Hi and was the culmination of
continued dissatisfaction because of
working conditions About I,oob em
ployes are directly involved. The
company agrees to improve conditions
and receive committees to adjust
grievances.
As an indication of conditions that
formerly existed, President Cummings
of the company says "the men will
not be required to pass the usual
physical examination."
Pretty hard to elect whiskers to
office. - Youngstown Labor Record.
EVERETT TRADES COUNCIL.
OF ORGANIZED LABOR.
Hartley Favors
This
LOW WAGES A BARRIER
TO PERFECT HEALTH
Detroit, Mich. —At the annual meet
ring of the American Medical Associa
|tion, Surgeon General Blue, United
States public health service, said that
the lower paid workmen were not re
ceiving sufficient wage to permit the
necessarily higher plane of living and
surroundings demanded for perfect
health and hygienic conditions. He
declared that he losses of the eco
nomic world through disease were be
ing recognized more and more, and
that the physician found poverty, ig
norance, intemperance and greed his
greatest enemies. Medical education
of the public is beginning to have its
effect, but a great struggle is still
ahead before the public generally
would accept all that was required, he
said.
Government establishment of model
counties and the upbuilding of sani
tary towns, In which hygiene should
rule supreme and form a model for
other communities when the good re
sults of public health became ap
parent, was advocated by Assistant
Surgeon General Rucker, of the public
health service.
Speaking on insanity, Dr. Richard
H. Hutchins, of Ogdensburg, superin
tendent of the New York state hos
pital, said the reports of the great
increase in insanity, due to the "high
tension" of American life of today,
was a myth. He said that 25 years
of observation had convinced him
that "if there is any increase in in
sanity among Americans it is very
small, and that the greater proportion
of insanity is found among foreign
born residents." The speaker declared
tw.it insanity is not hereditary in the
true sense of the word, as has long
been the belief, and that it is subject
to preventative measures, just as
tuberculosis is.
Dr. Helen Sumner of the children's
bureau, federal department of labor,
urged that physicians demand scien
tific data on child labor.
"We talk of preparedness," she said,
"but the greatest preparedness will be
to see to it that we raise healthy
normal citizens. generation after
generation, who will be able to pass
the army examination if needed by
their country."
Word has been received in Everett
that San Francisco ship owners are
using Mexicans to break the long
shoremen's strike. SELiAH.
WHY MACHINISTS STRUCK
Hamilton, Ohio. —Machinists em
ployed at the Black & Clawson shop
struck because their shop committee
man was discharged. With a loud
flourish the company announced that
the machinist was discharged because
he "shirked on the job." The ma
chinists replied that if the time sheets
of the company would sustain this
position the strike would be called
off immediately.
The machinists are still out.
15,000 ACCIDENTS
Harrisburg. Pa. —Fifteen thousand
accidents on steam railroads, street
railways and other common carriers
during the year ending May 11, 191fi,
is the record in Pennsylvania, says
the public service commission's bu
reau of accidents.
RAILWAY CLERKS GAIN
Portland, Me. -Differences between
the Brotherhood of Railway Clerks
and tho Maine Central Railroad have
been adjusted. Wage increases of
.-> i>[ > i oxlmately 7 percent for all clerks
and better working conditions are
agreed to.
PUSHING THE UNION LABEL
Portsmouth. Ohio. -Trade unionists
in this city are actively engaged in a
"label forward" movement and the
demand for labeled goods has in
creased. The organization of a
Women's Union Isabel League has re
sulted in additional agitation.
Withdrawal of Troops
Would Be Noble Act
MEYER LONDON TOLD CONGRESS
Meyer London, the New York so
cialist representative, lifted a lone
voice of protest in congress when a
resolution was presented granting the
president power to draft the entire
militia into the federal service. And!
Meyer London cast one vote of the
two votes against the proposition.
London told the congressmen some
plain, blunt truths, spoken in the
name of a party which cast almost
1,000,000 votes in the last election.
He said:
"Mr. Speaker, one cannot say very
much in three minutes, and there is a
great deal to be said here. I do not
like some of the arguments that have
been advanced upon the republican
side. It seems that they are playing
politics. There are men who would
play politics at the grave of a brother.
„"The gentleman who preceded me, \
the gentleman from Kansas (Mr.
Campbell), did not have the courage'
to vote against an appropriation of
money for the Villa expedition. That
WES the time to deliver the speech
thai he has delivered just now. It is
not for him to criticise. The real
question before congress at this mo
ment is, Shall the army of the United
States be sent to protect the border
of the United States or shall it be
permitted to invade the territory of!
Mexico?
"The right to use the national guard
must be restricted to the territory of
the United States. That's the only
way to save the country from war.
Protect your own border, and with
draw the army from Mexico.
"There is no dishonor in withdraw
ing from Mexico. You are a hundred
million strong. Mexico is distracted.
Writhing in the agony of revolution,
small, miserable, helpless.
"No one will doubt that you are
powerful enough to defeat Mexico: ■
you are not asked to retire before a
Stronger army: you are not withdraw
ing before a superior power: you are
not retreating because you are afraid;
but you do retire from Mexican soil j
Rrothjer Jake Michel, the indo
fatiguable union man, went after the
signatures of Everett business men
who are opposed to the Commercial
Club s policy of the open shop, and
found so many signers he had to come
back for more petitions.
Brothers Wefferling and Stanley, on
the same mission, report same kind
of trouble.
PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
One group does the work and
starves, the other with properly has
the leisure. This is privilege, plu
tocracy. It exists in Milwaukee and
in every industrial center in the
United States. Those who work are
penalized because they work: those
who own are rewarded because they
control the resources and the means
of production.
Private ownership puts it in the
power of the owner to pay dying
wages and charge monopoly prices.
It enahles the owner to say to the
worker, "You toil and work and earn
bread, and I'll eat it." —Professor
Scott Nearing.
OPPOSE OUSTING NEARING
Toledo, Ohio. —Influences that are
opposing Professor Scott Nearing arc
wrothy over the action of the Toledo
municipal university in reta'nins;
Professor Nearing for another >var
and attempts are being made to have
the common council reject the uni-
versity tax levy.
The Central Labor Union has dip'o
matically notified the city lawmakers
that "something will drop" if this
plan is followed.
Four messages can be «ent at the
same time along the same telegraph
w ire.
"Knowledge is more than equivalent
to force."—Samuel Johnson.
In Organization
Lies the Hope
of Labor
because you are afraid to commit a
wrong, to do an injustice; and I sub
mit that to be afraid to do a wrong,
to be afraid to commit an injustice, is
not cowardly, but a manly thing.
"There is no glory in licking a
weaker fellow. Nor is any question of
; dignity involved. Il has been Mex
ico's misfortune to be ruled by foreign
capital.
"The American people are not
seeking either revenge or ac
quisition of Mexican territory.
The American investor has no
higher claims to security than the
Mexican people themselves. He
has chosen to invest American
capital i n Mexico. Shall he be
permitted to drag the American
army with him to protect his in
vestment?
"In what positions do you put your
selves, democrats, responsible for the
.conduct of the government?
"The president has been proclaimed
, the great pacificator. The hope has
i been held out to the world that he
will not only keep the United States
1 out of the maelstrom of war, but that
he. will help to restore peace to
Europe. Shall all these hopes be
blasted?
"If you once enter Mexico, you
will never withdraw from it with
out appropriating a large slice of
Mexico. The same influences that
have forced the Villa outrage and
then the blundering Villa expedi
tion will force the retention of the
invaded Mexican territory, all, of
course, in the name of American
dignity, and as compensation for
i the blood which the American
people will pour cv%.
"Perhaps I am foo much of an op
timist, but I refuse to abandon the
hope that the president will for the
sake of this republic, for the sake of
unfortunate Mexico, for the sake of
Europe, anxiously looking to him to
pick up the torn threads of interna
tional peace, continue to keep this
country free from the horors. the
i crimes, and the insanities of war."
Maynard Shipley, former editor of
the Journal, gave his last lecture in
the Northwest at the •Forum" on
Sunday, July 2. Brother and Comrade
Shipley is now en route for Indiana to
iecture on "Evolution. Social and
Scientific." and although we will miss
him, we wish him bon voyage and
know he "ill make good.
AWARD TO RUPTURED
WORKER
Ilarrisburg. Pa.—The stale work
men's compensation board, in an opin
ion filed by Commisisoner Leech,
rules that hernia const itutes an "in
jury by accident." A coal company
resisted payment on the ground that
while the worker sustained a rupture
his injury was simply an aggravation
of a condition that had previously ex
isted. In this connection Commis
sioner Leech said:
"The workmen's compensation law
does noi prescribe any standard of
health or physical condition to which
the workman must conform to qualify
lor compensation, nor does it imply
a warranty on the employe's part
that he is tree from latent disease or
physical defect which may develop
into serious injury.'
The commissioner points out that
it has been a settled law in England
since 1903 that nothing more is re
quired to constitute an "injury by ac
cident than that the harm which the
workman sustains is unexpected."
GAINS IN POUGHKEEPSIE
Poughkeepsie. N. .V. — Because of
thorough organization painters and
sheet metal workers secured better
ments without resorting to strike. The
former raised wages from $1! to $3.2N
per day, and the sheet metal workers
increased wages 25 cents a day. Both
crafts secured the Saturday half-holi
day also.
After a two weeks' strike the
Plumbers' Vn'on has established a
'Wtm ™»c of $4.2S a day and secured
the Saturday half holiday.
No. 72

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