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"Get in Line for Labor's Great Peace Parade Monday, Sept 4th"
Register Again! Do It Now! VOL. XXV. Canadian Worker Charges British Labor Was Weak Submitted to Conscription With out a Struggle and Waived Rights From Hip B. C. Federationist. Vancouver, July 13. —It is a well known fact that he workers of Great Britain (with the exception of Ire land) have waived practically all of the privileges they have so labor iously wrung from their callous and brutal rulers during the past, In order to aid those rulers to successfully prosecute the present war. At least that is what they have been led to believe, through the sophistry of the spokesmen of British class rule. That they have been weak enough to waive these privileges upon the mere assurance that their masters would return them at the end of the war, indicates a weakness closely bordering upon stupidity. Surely they should know that the word of no rul ing class was ever worth anything where any material interest was at stake. As painful as it may be to think of these workers voluntarily waiving their rights and privileges in defer ence to ruling class interests, the most amazing and painful part of it is to be found in the circumstance of their meek submission to the conscrip tion scheme foisted upon them by the government. Vote Shows Weakness To show how weak they were, it is but necessary to mention a few facts in regard to the passage of this pre cious act. The full membership of the house of commons is C7O. The vote stood: For the bill, 250; against, 35. It may be seen from this that 385 members did not vote. Apparently the most of these feared the politcal consequences. At the manner in which the labor move ment as a whole laid down in the matter, and meekly submitted to being made an enforced part of a "Prussian militarism," the fears of FOR PREPAREDNESS PARADE San Francisco. —The Bulletin of this city says if a preparedness pa rade manager stuck up a few mot toes like the following in his demon stration it would take the parade "at least five years to pass a given point": "Preparedness requires: "A living wage. "An eight-hour day. "Abolition of slums. "The reform of all unwholesome : living and working conditions. "The elimination of unemploy ment, "A guarantee to workingmen of all the rights and privileges mentioned in the constitution. "A shifting of emphasis from prop erty rights to people's rights. "A centralizing of national policies upon the creation of a free, healthy race, too strong, just and free to be conquered." Bear in Mind That tho union label is the emblem of organized industrial workers and that your patronage of it is your en dorsement of trades unionism. Tn the proportion to which you fail to demand labelled merchandise you are helping to throttle the very backbone of your movement. The union man who can find excuses for not patron izing union labelled products falls far short of living up to the principles of organized labor. PAINTERS ADVANCE Newport, U. [. —Painters' union No. 534 has signed an agreement with building contractors and furniture shops for a wage scale of $4 a day of eight hous. beginning March 1, 1917. This is an increase of 50 cents a day. The United States In 1915 had 69 lynchings, an Increase of 17 over 1914. these politicians were, evidently, un warranted. It is as well known to the ruiers and masters as anythin right upon the heels < ir of theirs will come a da; reckon tig with the enslaved an Inl rl d working class of all countries. It dees not require any remarkable keen vision to see that. The rapid growth of political and economic intelligence among the workers during recent veins has not (been overlooked by the misters. \ That this has been fori I by eco nomic pressure they well know. Thai the result of this war will be to greatly increase and Inti nslfj that pressure and thus speed cation of the workers, is to them. Unless they have a disposal a military estabii i c if ficiently powerful to cop b the difficulty, their regime of industrial and commercial maraudin and pi racy may come to an end. Masters See Crisis There never was yet"a"'s|av'<~that did not have a soldier for hadow. i There never was a military tablish ment except for the purpos- of hold ling slaves in subjection their masters. It is now as always, that 1 the military must be recruit d from the ranks of the slaves th' n for the reason that there is source from which recruits can come. Unless Oreat Britain and these other countries have at the end of this war large forces under arm -, and to be kept under arms, there will be no asurance of the rulers being able to withstand the upthrust of labor in the direction of a greater liberty and wider participation in the control of industry and the enjoyme nl of its fruits. The masters of wealth in the United States realize this as well as do those of Britain. That is why there Is such a frenzy for preparedness. They, too, are preparing their slaves in uniform, to hold their fellows in overalls in PAPER MAKERS STRIKE Kalamazoo, Mich. —Paper makers employed by the Monarch Paper com pany suspended work after attempt ing for two months to induce the , company to sign an agreement that i would make the old man-killing 11 ' due meekness and docility to con tinued exploitation and misery. and 13-hour shifts impossible. Em- ployes of the King and Riverview mills are also on strike. The King Paper company has secured an in- junction against their employes which prohibits them from being in the vi cinity of the company's propel Thp writ is so drawn that the work era will be in contempt of court if they walk on a street in which the mills are located. STATE TO PROTECT INJURE 11 Trenton, N. J.—The state depart men! of labor litis organized a work men's compensation aid bureau and has opened offices in 12 of New Jet sey's principal cities. The law pro vides that this bureau must keep it close touch with the administration of the compensation law and explain the workings and purposes of the statute to both employers and cm ploye. It is intended to give injured work ers information without cost and se cure their benefits Junder the law without the aid of lawyers. SAFETY BRAKE LAW ENLARGED Washington.—The United States supreme court has ruled that the fed eral safety appliance regulations re lating to brakes apply to electric as well as steam railroads operating in interstate commerce. The court af firmed a judgment of $7,500 in favor of Edgar E. Campbell .motorman, who , was injured in a collision between i Spokane, Wash., and Coeur d'Alene. Idaho, in which 18 persons were killed. The Labor Journal THE OFFICIAL PAPER OF THE DEVOTED TO THE INTEREST Rights of Americans Denied by Injunction "The government of the United K'atos. through congress, has said that 'tho lahor power ot a human being is not a commodity or article of commerce,'" says the United Mine Workers' Journal. "Bui while Ibis human labor power, which includes tho worker himself, is conceded by the federal government, not the property of any except the worker himself, to grant or withhold, singly or collectively, as he decides, many of the .judges of state or dis trict courts still hold the contrary to be Ihe fact. In no state in the Union lean there be any written law to jus tify such a position; the laws of equity, confined in every other coun try, and now by the government of United States as only applying to property disputes when irretrievable a mage may be done, and for which i ere is no other redress, is based on what la known as the common law, based on the laws of chancery of the monarchlal governments, i we hold that the expression of the government of this country on the status of a citizen within this country must be binding in every state. "We have always maintained that the writ of injunction when applied to the labor power of human beings was only based upon usurped power; yel it was found necessary to enact a I supplementary law to wrench this v urped power from the hands of venal ignorant or subservient federal judges It may be best to demand laws, conforming with the law of the country, in all of the states. "In Ihe meantime we do not believe it best to submit to injustice through usurped power. "We hold it is the right and duty of all the workers to disregard the claim of property right in labor power even when allowed by the ermined servitors of the employers. "It may mean imprisonment for some, but only by determined re sistance can we hope to call attention to tl Injustice of this assumed power." .— RETAIL CLERKS REDUCE HOURS , Hamilton. Ohio. — Retail Clerks': Union is meeting with success in their effort to reduce working hours. Many business houses have signed an agreement to this effect. NEWS AND VIEWS PANAMA CANAL MECHANICS TAKE STRIKE VOTE Panama.—Bight hundred mechan- ics, the entire force of the Panama, I canal, will decide whether or not to! strike on recount of a reduction in wanes. Included anions the mechanics are the lock operator!, If they ceased work ;i suspension of navigation would be threatened The reduction In " ices lakes Ihe form of a charge of rent far guartqra occupied by the men. The wage scale on the canal is higher than in the navy yards ot the United States, but is less than the commercial rate. Acting Govern or Harding is powerless because the Boale is fixed by law and the rent; charge by Ihe president. RAILWAY CLERKS WIN STRIKE Maybrook. N. V.—The Brotherhood of Railway Clerks has won a 15 days' strike against the Central Now Eng land railroad. The company attempt ed to construe an agreement that would force those employes to work nine bouts a day instead of eight I and one-half hours. STRIKE THREAT RAISES WAGES Amherst. Ohio. -Employes of vari ous departments of the Ohio Quarries company's plant have been notified of a 10 per cent, wage increase. The employes had threatened to strike un less the company raised wages. About 800 workers are benefited. Patronize YOUR Advertlaera. EVERETT, WASH., FRIDAY, JULY 14, Ifllf. TRADES COUNCIL NEWS Wednesday night's so- don of the Trades Council was callei, to order by President w. J. Smith. Creden tals ; received flrom the Hod Carriers for N. B. Grov J. O'Nell and C. Kuhen; frOtn the Painters for Thomas Walker, C. M. Matlock and W. L. Smith; from the Tailors for \. Dieterle, J. H. Beck and J. P.' Langlow. All of the above were ob ligated and seated. A communication from the steamboat men was received and ordered published in next week's Journal. Nearly all unions reported making plans for the bis peace parade l Labor Day. President B. P. Marsh was present and save a very interesting talk on the Labor Day celebration, and also on the new Labor Temple The council adjourned al 0 o'clock. TAILORS ELECT OFFICERS At the regular meeting of the tailors on Wednesday of last week the following officers were elected: President, Joe Bogdan: vice presi dent. O. W. Hodge; recording secre tary, J. P. Langlow; financial secre tary, Carl Christianson; sergeant at arms. Fred Lindgren; Inistees, Fred l.indgren, A Sc\ihberg, Carl Christian son; delegates to Trades Council, A Dierterle, J. P. Langlow and C. A. Beck; member board of control, A. P/ierterle. Applications for the position of editor of the Labor Journal are de sired by the Board of Control. Ap plicants must state salary and ex perience and applications to be in not later than July 16. Address Board of Control, Labor Journal, Labor Temple, Everett. Piteous souls held down in bondage By the tyranny of gain, Piteous bodies bent and broken By the tyranny of pain. Wake, oh, wake ye slaves of patience, Be rebellious, strong and sane! IRON MOLDERJ? ENJOINED Pittsburg, Pa. —Iron molders in this district are striking for an eight-hour !day and employes of ihe Union Steel Catting company have been enjoined by Judge Shafer of the court of com mon pleas. These workers are or dered not to intimidate, threaten or assault the company 's strikebreakers. If amy other citizen is charged with violating one of these police statutes, he (a accorded a trial by jury. Under injunction rule, however, it is only' necessary for the employer to charge a violation of the court's order and the striker is hailed into court and ordered to show why he should not be punished, it Is a rule of law thai the accused is innocent until proven J j guilty. This principle is reversed by | injunction judges who act on the theory th"t strikers are guilty and must prove to the court's - not a jury's—satisfaction that they are in nocent. In these rises the court is law maker, law interpreter and law enforcer combined. WIFE MEN MAKE GAINS ' Chattanooga. Tenn.-Tho Electrical Workers' Union has signed a five 1 yenrs' agreement with employers. ! During the first year, rates shall be 1 $.1 a day with an increase of 25 cents per day each year until the amount reaches $4 a day. The present nine hour workday will be continued un til January 1, 1917. when the eight hour day will be established. I These fine pains were made pos- ! sible because the electrical workers were nearly 100 per cent, organized. EVERETT TRADES COUNCIL. OP ORGANIZED LABOR. SHERIFF OUSTED BY HIGH COURT Walsenburg, Colo.—Sheriff Jeff Farr, procurer of strike-breakers, pet of coal operators, gunman and "king of Huerfano county" for l(i years, has been ousted from office by the state supreme court because of illegal election practices. It was proven that Farr's election was made possible through the es tablishment of voting booths in iso lated places and In camps controlled' |by the coal companies. Farr and four i associate officers, who were also ousted, were charged with fraud and corruption. It was shown that no om | could approach the booths In the mining camps controlled by the Victor Fuel Company and the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company without permission of the coal company officials. The supreme court declared that in these camps unqualified voters were al lowed to vote and legal voters were denied. The court refused to consider the vote of the closed camps and held that Farr's opponent was elected be cause of pluralities he secured in the uncontrolled camps. Practically even polling place was in a building or on land controlled by the operators. "Thus," said Supreme Court Justice Scott, "were the public districts and the public election machinery turned over to the absolute domination and Imperial control of private coal cor porations." The passing of Farr will bring lit tle regret to trade unionists and other citizens who made continued protest against the tigerish ferocity of this official during the recent miners' strike in southern Colorado. Frisco M. & M. to Raise Million Dollars to Fight Long shoremen's Union San Francisco. —Resolutions author izing the appointment of a law and order committee to raise $1,000,000 to enforce the "open shop" doctrines of the local chamber of commerce and to clear the congested San Francisco docks of the freight tied up by the strike of the Pacific coast longshore men, were adopted at a meeting of approximately 2,000 members of the chamber of commerce. Two hundred thousand dollars has been subscribed and the balance is in sight, according to officials of the chamber. Baltimore. —The International As sociation of .Machinists opened its fifteenth convention In this city last Monday. This is the first convention held by these workers since 1911, The Machinists' constitution provides for a referendum vote on the ques tion of conventions. WILL ENTERTAIN TYPO DELEGATES Washington. Typographical union No. joi has appointed a committee of 35 to act with tho executive commit tee to arrange for a day of entertain ment In honor of delegates and vis itors to the Baltimore convention of the International Typographical union who will visit the nation's capital an entire day. REQUEST D CENT INCREASE Yonkers. X. Y. Motormon and con ductors of tin- Yonkers. Mount Vernon & New Hochelle street railway sys tem have presented a request for a WKge increase of B cents an hour. These workers are members of the Amalgamated Street Car Men's union. EVADE EIGHT HOUR LAW Baltimore, Md. —The eight-hour law for city employes is being violated in the municipal parks and the trade union movement, as is usual in these cases, is demanding the law's enforce ment. The city solicitor, however, does not seem to favor the plan be cause be believes the law is intended to apply to employes working by the day and not to those employed by the week. The unionists have taken the mat Iter up with state officials. Patronize YOUR Advertiser*. 'S CONVENE Howal N president and Holt is former secretary of Mine Workers' district No. 21. In a recent law suit for an accounting brought by Frank lin Bache against the Southwestern Coal Operators' association. Hazen testified that during the years 1910 [and 1912, he paid the two unionists $21,000. Hazen's statement has boon the cause of much discord in District No 21, and a suit for |60,000 damages was started against him. The United Mine Workers' union investigated the charge and International President ! White headed a committee that wait cd on the operators' committee and Before the trial Hazen made an af fidavit in which he reaffirmed pre vious statements made on oath. At the trial, however, he failed to ap-. pear, despite every effort by Attorney Walsh and the miners' officials to secure his attendance and have him submit to cross-examination. EMPLOYERS RETRACT London. Ontario —At the conven tion of the Master Plumbers' associa tion of- Ontario it was acknowledged that the new workmen's compensation law was proving satisfactory, despite .former claims that it would injure i business. American and Mexican Unionists Meet CALL UPON ALL WORKERS TO UNITE FOR PEACE Washington, July 13, .Monday rep resentatives of the American and Mex ican trade union movements met in this city and pledged their faith to international harmony and the work ers' cause. It was the first meeting of its kind ever held. Those present, and who signed the declaration embodying these views, were tho executive council of the American Federation of Labor and the following representatives of the Mexi can workers: C. Loveira, Baltaznr Pages. L. N. Morones, S. Gontalo Garcia and Kdmundo E. Martinez. The meeting was the outgrowth of a suggestion made by President Gompers to the Mexican trade union movement, several weeks ago, that a conference be held at XI Paso, Texas, between representatives of the work ers of both countries for the purpose of discussing questions of mutual in terest and strengthening fraternal ties. Later it was decided to meet in Washington. The first conference, July 1. was devoted chiefly to ex planations and discussion necessary to mutual understanding. The follow ing Monday practical suggestions for immediate problems were considered and declarations approved and signed by the representatives. "It is an unavoidable conclusion," declared these workers in their signed statement, "that present differ ences between the United States and Mexico are the result of misunder standing growing out of inadequate or incorrect information." and that "the unfortunate consequences of past relations between the United States and Mexico have formulated a na tional attitude that questions the good faith of our governments: that exist ing agencies and methods of reaching an adjustment of these differences tire unsuitable for dealing with these problems which are fundamentally hu- MINERS EXONERATED Kansas City, Mo—A jury has awarded Alexander Howat $7.»'00 in his suit for $50,000 damages against Joseph H Hazen. but if Howat and Fred W, Holt did not have the back ing of the United Mine Workers' union their trade unionism and in tegrity would probably always be questioned. asked thai the workers be given every assistance to probe the charges. This request was granted, but not until the unionist-, threatened to rail a strike that would tie up their mines Frank P, Walsh was chief counsel for the miners, serving without compenea tion. Trade unionists say: "Wo told you so," although tho workers are com plimenting these employers on their j frank confession that they wore m\< i taken In Organization Lies the Hope of Labor man problems, anrl that the relations between our countries ought not to be directed in accord with abstract standards of justice, but ought to be keenly sensitive and responsive to the human interest and moral forces." The conference urged upon their respective governments "the appoint ment of a commission to be composed Of high-minded citizens, fully repre sentative of our nations, to consider differences that have brought our na tions to the verge of war and to make such recommendations for adjustment as shall fitly express the highest ideals of the great rank and file of the citizenship of our two countries." It was agreed that copies of this declaration be presented to President Wilson and to General Carranza. and thai it be given widest publicity among the workers of both countries. It was also agreed that another conference should be held, in which the workers would be more generally represented, for the purpose of agree ing upon plans for maintaining per manent relations and for the federa tion of the labor movements of the western hemisphere. As present conditions preclude an immediate meeting of this character it was decided to forego holding same until later in the year, unless an emergency arises "which would make a general conference of advantage in averting an international crisis." To earn- this plan into effect a joint commission is to be chosen of two members from each labor move ment to remain in Washington until the present crisis ! s passed. This commission is empowered to call an enlarged conference, if necessary. The Mexican workers are enthusias tic over the open-handed welcome ac corded them by American trade union ists and both agree that the seed sown by Resident Gompers will germinate into a solidified Pan- American labor movement. ADOPT UNIONISTS' METHODS Methods used by trade unionists to promote their interests are often adopted by men in other organizations | for their own good even when those very men condemn their use by the unionists, says the Minnesota Union Advocate. For instance, the Pitts burg Underwriters' Life association refuses to recognize any person as a legitimate insurance solicitor who does no! continually "work at the trade." The association has unani mously resolved to protect its jurisdic tion by excluding from field service all temporary insurance writers. The members of the association consider this a proper and justifiable stand for them to take, but when members of labor organizations take it they "in- Cringe on the liberty of the individual Citizen" and "impair the sacred right of free contract " The whole matter appears to depend on whose ox Is gored. MUNICIPAL PLANT HAS RECORD BREAKING YEAR Milwaukee's single municipal util ity, its water department, was able in the past year to <ln what no private monopoly in the country will do —sell for less than private monopoly cost. And. at that, the department paid all the interest on its outstanding bonds. , set aside the amount prescribed by tho Wisconsin Railroad commission jfor depreciation and had $514,605.46 | clear profit, as shown by the annual report for 1915. City water users pay six cents per 1.000 gallons for water. Figured on the basis of every other (private! utility in the city, the cost of furnish ing these 1.000 gallons was 6.242 cents, or about one-quarter of a cent more than the consumers' rate. Since its organization i n 1592. the department has paid into the city (treasury, for the reduction of taxes, $2,317,965. Billings. Mont - Bakers have formed a union and received a charter from the international of Ihis craft. No. 73