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OF THE EVERETT
THE WEST COAST LUMBERMEN ARE
DISLOYAL, INSOLENT PROFITEERS
While Claiming Immaculate Patriotism They Are Placing Ob
stacles in the Way of the Government,
Deaf to the argument and ap
peals of the President's Mediation
Commission; deaf to the just claims
of their employees; the members of
the West Coast Lumber Association,
bent on securing "war profits" on
the product of their mills, blinded
by the glitter of dishonest gold, go
blunderingly on to their undoing. If
they persist in their present course
it will end in their discomfiture and
Claiming to advocate the prosecu
tion of the war as being a war for
democracy, these men claim all the
freedom guaranteed by democracy
and deny it to others.
Worse yet, they demand that the
Governor of this state call a special
session of the legislature to pass an
act forcing the W rl ing men of
Washington into involuntary servi
tude. Having insolently rejected
the government's solution of the
wage question SO [ir as it affects
sawmills and logging camps, this
gang of purse-proud industrial pros
titutes would have the men who
make money for them forced to
their tasks at hte point of the bayo
net. They have the temerity to
ask the Governor of this state to
use his high office in the commis
sion of such a crime against democ
racy and humanity.
The Governor, in an address to
the Methodists at their church in
Tacoma last Sunday, said:
"I believe fundamentally in the
eight-hour principle, but when men
are holding up supplies and lives of
their nation by discussion 8, 10, 12
or 14-hour days, it is traitorism.
"Employers, instead of talking
among themselves, should take more
with their own men and so arrive
at a mutual understanding.
"This is a problem to be discussed
from the human standpoint between
OF WAGES AND
HOURS OF LABOR
The union scales of wages and
hours of labor for 101 of the princi
pal trades In 48 of the leading cities
in the United States prevailing in
May, 1916, are published in Bulletin
No. 214, just issued by the Bureau
of Labor Statistics of the United
Slates Department of Labor. The
scales shown are those of the bak
ing, brewing, building, freight hand
line, stone, metal, millwork, print
ing, soft drink, and teaming trades.
Reports of weekly wages were re
ceived from 99 trades, In 80 of
these trades the average rate of
wages, taken collectively, was high
er on May 15, 1910, than on May 1,
l'.)l. r ). In 19 trades there was no
change, and in no trade was the
average rate lower. The bakery
trades, collectively, received an ad
vance of 2 per cent. All but one of
the 17 brewing trades listed in this
report received an increase ranging
from 1 to 8 per cent. Thirty of
the ,'!7 building trades listed re
ceived an increase of from 1 to 11
per cent. Chauffeurs, teamsters,
and drivers received an increase of
3 par cent. Freight handlers re
ceived the greatest increase in any
one occupation—l 4 per cent. Gran
ite cutters had an increase of 4 per
cent. All of, the met-il trades
gained an increase of from 3 to
10 per c it. Millwork painters
(hardwood finishers) received an in
crease of 12 per cent. In book and
job printing 9 of the 11 trades
received an increase, in no case,
however, above 3 per cent. In the
soft drink establishment group, the
increase was from 1 to 5 per cent
in the several occupations.
'Considering the rates of wages per
hour as distinguished from rates per
week of the 101 trades 83 showed
an iucrei'se. 18 showed no change,
and for none was the rate lower.
Taken ecMeetively, rates per hour in
|f) (j v ere 4 per cent higher than in
1019, five per cent higher than 1914,
1 ! per rent higher than in 1910, and
li per cent higher than in 1907.
The highest scules per hour paid
in May, 1910, In a few of the prin
cipal trades, were as follows: llrick
those concerned, and not a problem
"If We bad more red blood on
both sides of the question, all would
have been settled long ago."
"Profits, wages and hours ought
not to become the center of a quar
rel that prevents the government
from obtaining spruce and fir for
This would seem to be an an
swer to the lumbermen who would
have the legislature establish invol
The greed of the lumbermen is
the chief stumbling block in the
way of adjusting this matter.
If the spokesman for this profi
teering gang will stand up on' his
hind legs and toll the public what
profit the mills are making on each
',000 feet of spruce lumber the
aforesaid public will marvel at the
rapacity of the gang in its efforts
to play Its ext< rtionate game at
There is another reason given by
the lumbermen for holding out
against the 8-hour day. There is
to be a meeting of lumbermen from
every part of the country In Chi
cago, probably In January to dis
cuss this question, and it is a good
bet that the dele.rates from this sec
tion go there Opposed to any work
day shorter than 10 hours.
Col. Brice Disque, director of
spruce production in the Northwest,
says the Government needs 11,000,
--)00 of spruce per month and is get
ting about 3,000,000 feet, or about
40 per cent of the requirement.
Now, if the lumbermen had grant
ed the 8-hour day :!ie output of the
mills would now be at or above
normal. But these fellows will not
pay one cent more per day than
they are forced to pay, no matter
how high the cost of living.
And these sawdust autocrats are
"paytriots" fighting for "democracy."
Devil take the bunch.
layers, 87.5 cents in Dallas, Houston,
Denver, and San Francisco; carpen
ters, 70 cents in Chicago; portable
and hoisting engineers, 75 cents in
Chicago, Detroit, Newark, New York,
St. Louis, and San Francisco; hod
carriers, 50 cents in Portland, Ore.,
St. Louis, Salt Lake City, San Fran
cisco, and Spokane; inside wiremen,
75 cents in Chicago and St. Louis;
painters, 70 cents in Chicago; plas
terers, 87.5 cents in Dallas, Houston,
and San Francisco; plumbers and
gas fitters, 75 cents in Birmingham,
Chicago, Dallas, Houston, Kansas
City, Portland, Ore., St. Louis, BfM
Lake City, San Francisco, and Se
attle; structural iron workers, 75
cents In San Francisco; granite cut
ters, 75 cents In Boston; stone cut
ters, 70 cents in Portland, San Fran
cisco, Seattle, and Spokane; com
positors on book and job work, 54.2
cents in Dover and Salt Lake City,
and on newspapers printed in Eng
lish (daywork), 75 cent in Seattle.
As to changes in hours of labor,
31 trades showed a reduction of
hours between 1915 and 1910, and
69 trades had no change. Only
one trade, machinist operators in
book and job printing, had an in
crease in working hours in the
The hours of labor- in the metal
trades range from 44 to 68 per week.
54 being the predominant hours. The
printing trades in the book and
job 'and newspaper offices in nearly
all of the cities covered have an
8-hour day or less.
The bulletin further shows by in
dex numbers (percentages) the rela
tive changes between 1907 and 1910
in union wages and hours of labor
as compared with retail prices of
food and in the purchasing power
of wages as measured by food.
FICKERT NOT RECALLED
Wednesday's Associated Press
brought the unwelcome news that
Charles M. Fickert had won jn his
recall election, beating Charles A.
Sweigert and Frank P. Haynes. No
particulars) but the dispatches say
Fickert won by a big majority, more
than 2 to I.
The attempt to destroy the execu
tive mansion in Sacramento last
Monday by an explosion, Gov. Steph
ens thinks, was the work of alien
enemies. The kitchen and laundry
were wrecked hut nobody was hurt.
LAST CHANCE FOR
RED CROSS SEALS
DURING THIS DRIVE
Who would be B slacker for 2
cents, for that is the sum allotted to
each inhabitant of Washington. The
drive will close tomorrow night. Do
your bit by putting up at least 2
tenths of one short bit, equal to 2
It was a good idea, originating
with some one full of good ideas, to
have all annual memberships begin
and end on the same day. Therefore
members of the Red Cross whose an
nual memberships have not expired
were asked to renew and start the
first of the year with millions of
new members of this society of
One dollar is a considerable sum
of money to the unemployed and to
those whose earnings are small, but
millions of such have this week
made the sacrifice and lightened their
own hearts with feelings of love
Likewise has this call of Mercy
been heard by many who are for
tunate possessors of much wealth
and they have, contributed liberally
to relieve the sufferings of their
brothers who are fighting the bat
tles for us all.
May the count on Christmas eve
show that more than ten millions
Americans have accepted our good
President's invitation to add their
name's and give their helping hands
to our soldiers who arc fighting for
"Freedom for all, forever."
I. H. Turner, 1104 Hewitt; William
Whittaker, Lowell; Barnhart Shop,
Monroe; Independent, 1107 Hewitt.
Peter Jackson, L. Starke, Emil Mit
tersbach, E. Cloke, John Grant.
1217 Hewitt Avenue.
K. B. McAdams, Tyner, and N. E.
CIGARS, TOBACCO, LUNCH
Henry M. Prince, cigars, tobacco,
lunch, etc., 1611 Hewitt Aye.
F. R. Hare, Jack Shields, electrical
contractors; Globe Wall Paper Co.'s
Everett Auto Co., the Garage
building and the owner, Jack Gard
San Juan Fish Co., Seattle.
Summer Iron Works.
Everett Avenue Meat Market,
Riverside; Carstens Meat Market,
Libby, McNeil & Libby, Packers
and Canners; Carnation, Aster, Mt.
Vernon and Washington brands.
William Ckristenson, M. Koken,
Globe Co., I. L. Swartz, H. E. Main,
H. Patzrnan, H. O. Johnson, R. J.
McGregor, J. C. Jen#en, Carl Steen,
R. D. Garner, E. Drolet, C. A. Barr.
A. C. Wrifhti A L Knapp, Booth,
Tom Nygard, W. L. Porter.
C. R- Schweitzer, Otto Merz and
Globe Paper Co.'s plumbing depart
E. J. Long, grocery store Nine
teenth and Virginia; Ridgway Gro
cery Co. and his building at 3400
Scotch Woolen Mills, 1904 Hewitt.
C. J. WPt, ftnd comer Colby and
Hewitt; C. A. Worth.
C. W. Anguish, 3505 Lombard;
American Packing Co., Everett; Cal.
Smilley and son; Fitz Gerald.
EVERETT, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 21. 1817
Wednesday, Dec. 19, lUI7.
Council called to order at 8 p. m.
jby President J. B. Moncur.
Bros. F, A. Turk, ('bus. Sheets and
J. C. North presented credentials
from the Cigarmnkers. Accepted.
Bro. H, W. Watts presented cre
dentials from the Electrical Workers,
to take the place of Bro, McDonald,
and was obligated and seated.
A communication was received
from the Alameda County Central
Labor Council of Oakland, California,
relating to the Gallinger bill, opening
the door to Chinese immigration.
The Council endorsed the views ex
pressed by the Oakland body and
adopted the following resolutions:
Whereas, Senator Gallinger of
New Hampshire has introduced in
the senate a bill providing for the
importation of Chinese as farm la
borers during the war; and
Whereas, This being opposed to
the general policy long adhered to
by the labor movement of the Pacific
coast, (the importation of cheap
coolie labor for any purpose,) we
therefore feel that to introduce Chi
nese or other cheap Asiatic labor in
thi scountry for any definite length
of time would set up a condition that
would take years to remedy, even
though the war was brought to a
speedy conclusion. We feel that full
repatriation of this class would be
impossible; therefore be it
Rresolved, By the Everett Trades
Council that we call upon our con
gressman, Dudley, from this district,
also Senators Poindexter and Jones,
to use their every effort in the de
feat of the Oalliger Bill; and be it
Resolved, That our secretary be
empowered to communicate with all
Pacific Coast representatives in
congress and explain to them our
reasons on this and other like mat
ters and ask their co-operation in
the defeat of thi- measure.
The International Alliance of The
atrical Stage Employes presented a
new scale of wages which was read
to the Council and endorsment ask
ed. The scale, which amounts to an
increase of JO per cent, was endors
A motion prevailed to concur in
the request of the Meat Cutters and
placed the Carsten's Meat Market on
the unfair list.
The Butchers had a good meeting
and reported strikers standing pat in
The Carpenters reported a good
The Cigarmembers reported the
admission of two members by card
and one suspension. Their election
of officers resulted as follows:
President, Al. Gaufin; Vice-President,
Chrales Sheets; Secretary-Treasurer,
J. C. North; Trustees—Chas. Sheets,
Al. Gaufin, F. A. Turk; Finance
Committee—Chas. Sheets, Wm. Con
radi, Al. Gaufin; Delegates to
Trades Council--F. A. Turk, Chas.
Sheets, J. C. North; Sergeant-at-
Arms, Wm. Conradi; Label Custo
dian, J. C. North.
The Electrical Workers had an in
teresting meeting. The linemen in
the employ of the Stone-Webster in
terests, heretofore non-unionists,
joined the local union in a body,
thus leaving no break in the ranks
of the Electrical Workers in this
The Plumbers and the Stage Em
ployees reported good meetings.
There was some talk of the to
bacco fund for the Soldiers in France.
The matter was referred to the lo
The question of procuring a service
flag for the trades unions, to be
displayed at the I aboi Temple was
discussed and the delegates instruct
ed to take the matter up with their
locals, in the meanwhile getting a
list of Trades Unionists enlisted in
the several branches of the service.
A committee was appoined to in
vestigate the charges of unfairness
against the meat market at the cor
ner of Nineteenth and Broadway.
The Council adjourned.
BUTTER HAS (iONE UP
Per pound, $407. Whoop cc! But
don't get excited. Mrs. Easterday
of Marble Rock, lowa, made a pound
of excellent butter and gave it to
the Red Cross Bazaar, where it was
sold at auction. Someone, name
and sex not given, bid in that hunk
of butter for $407, and sent it to
I'lisident Wilson for his Christmas
dinner. Pretty slick, eh?
Reports of Unions,
GLO. W. LOUTTIT
Last Tuesday Ceo. W. Louttit
filed with the secretary of state,
on behalf of the Socialist party, an
initiative measure providing for a
universal eight-hour workday in the
state of Washington. This is the
same bill that was defeated in 1914.
This initiative measure will come
before the people at the November
■ •lection next year. Let us hope
and work for better luck next year.
The Journal wishes its gen
erous patrons and friends
and all other fair-minded
men and women and all child
ren a Merry Christmas.
TO THE FINISH
Meyer London, the lone Socialist
in congress, representing a district
of New York City's East Side, calls
upon those of his political belief to
support the government and be loyal
to the United States. He says:
"If I am expected to appeal for
fair play for the Socialists in Con
gress, I want to appeal to the So
cialists for common sense In their
attitude in this great crisis of the
world. You talk about the capitalis
tic classes as being responsible. Why,
that is nonsense. Do away with the
stupidity of the masses and there
will be no more war! I am not
interested in why Morgan is for war.
I know. It is the same reason as
the Krupps. are for war. But after
the United States declares for war
there can be no choice. I owe a
duty to every man who has been
called to the service of his country,
and that is not only that nothing
shall be left undone to provide him
with everything he needs, but to get
this fight over as soon as possible."
Mr. London did not want this war.
There are millions of us, including
Woodrow Wilson, who did not want
this war. Mr. London is the kind
of pacifist who is willing to fight
SPHAGNUM MOSS IS
Sphagnum moss as a substitute
for cotton in surgical dressings is
coming into favor more and more.
Not merely because cotton is hard to
get, especially in Germany and Aus
tria, but because the moss has quali
ties of its own that makes it superior
to cotton. The University of Wash
ington News Letter says:
"This moss placed on fresh wounds
will absorb seven to ten times its
own weight in liquid; cotton only
about six times. Cotton dries slowly;
moss, with comparative rapidity.
This quality is of particular value in
the care of profusely bleeding wounds
on long trips from battlefield to hos
pital. Because it will hold so much
more liquid the moss is less apt to
let the blood soak through into
bandages, clothing and bedding.
"Sphagnum has springy qualities
that make it less disagreeable to the
touch of the wounded region. When
cotton comes in contact with a sensi
tive surface it feels as if a hard sub
stance were being forced down upon
tender nerves. The contact of sphag
num is scarcely noticeable.
"The cotton fibres frequently ad
here when the compresses are chang
ed and their removal is always pain
ful. Sphagnum pads ares%newed al
most without the patient's knowing.
"The elasticity of the moss pre
vents compression of the dressing,
which would exclude the air and in
terfere with the circulation necessary
to proper antisepsis."
Under the direction of Prof. John
H. Hotson of the botany department
of the University of Washington
large quantities of the moss are be
ing gathered in Western Washington
and prepared for use by the Red
Sphagnum moss grows in marshy
places: it is grass green and feath
ery, each frond about as long as a
finger. A strange feature about it is
that it seems to have no roots, each
stalk terminating underground in a
dead, brown decayed stem.
The Tacoma Labor Advocate says:
When the co-operative store gets go
ing, you are not going to experience
much difficulty in finding union
HILL IN CONGRESS TO DEVELOP
PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT SERVICE
Would Extend Financial Aid lor
State and City Public Labor
WASHINGTON, D, C, Dec. 7.—
A bill to create a public employment
service for the effective distribution
of labor to meet the war's demand
for increased output was introduced
in Congress today by Senator Joseph
T. Robbinson of Arkansas and Rep
resentative Edward Keating of Colo
rado, as an emergency measure.
The bill extends and unifies all
labor exchange activities of the gov
ernment, placing them on an in
dependent basis in the Department
of Labor in charge of a director to
he appointed by the President. It
also provides an inducement for im
proved service by granting financial
aid to state and city employment
bureaus co-operating with the na
The war work of the government,
it is pointed out, is being seriously
hampered because a comprehensive
system of labor distribution is lack
ing in this country. The service
proposed in the bill is in accord with
proposals for the efficient organiza
tion and conduct of labor placement
on a nation-wide scale, but goes
further toward meeting the situation
by providing for unified control and
uniformity of policy, specifying
clearly the functions of the new ser
vice and giving direct financial in
ducement to states and cities for
fitting into the government's plan.
The measure which has the en-
HERE COME THE
WITH NEW "GAG"
"Watch Your Step!"
The Seattle Star of Saturday gives j
the funny news that members of the
Washington Employers' Association
want Governor Lister to call a spe
cial session of the legislature to
pass a law forcing all able-bodied
men to go to work and keep working
for the remainder' of the war.
The 125 delegates holding their
annual meeting at the Washington
hotel Friday night, passed resolu
tions that will he sent to the gov
Bad Grammar Leads de Gang
E, S. Grammar, head of the Lum
bermen's Protective league, was one
of the chief speakers In favor of the
resolution. He had headed the del
egation of the lumbermen that re
fused to follow the advice of Presi
dent Wilson's Mediation Commis
sion, Thursday, when efforts were
made to speed up war production
by straightening out the eight-hour
day quarrel between lumbermen and
The delegates, practically all of
them manufacturers, decided to have
a committee of five promote the
plan, and attempt to build up senti
ment for their so-called war meas
President Wilson and Secretary of
Labor Wilson tried to show the wise
guys how to straighten out the eight
hour tangle, but Bad Grammar and
his "parts of speech" didn't pay
much attention to the Wilson boys.
They weren't to be shown. But they
are now going to show Governor
Lister how to handle these labor
skates who spell patriotsim without
The Star comments on this as
sinine outbreak as follows:
"President Wilson and all think
ing men who studied England's war
troubles, have been trying to use
brains to help win the war.
"Hence the co-operation between
President Wilson and Samuel Gom
pers. Working shoulder to shoulder
to produce industrial harmony and
"Every once in a while we see
some one making a bonehead play
that makes President .Wilson's prob
lems all the more difficult.
Ridiculous attempts to solve the
nation's problem by running amuck
with a bludgeon may be all right
in Prussia. But this is'nt Prussia.
The plan of the Employers' As
sociation is so kaiseristic that it's
"The meanace of such action isn't
that their plan would ever get any
where, but the fact that such foolish
outbursts divorce the confidence of
labor in certain employers' willing
ness to co-operate in winning the
Try "BLUE RIBBON" Cigar, Be
THE INTEREST OF
I dorscment of the Association for
i I abor Legislation and the Associa
: tion of Public Employment Officials
has been prepared in co-operation
j with the Department of Labor and
other federal government bodies.
"As the war develops there is cer
tain to be a dearth of workers for
many departments of industry vital
to the successful conduct of the
war," according to the Associations'
statement. "All of the available
workers for these industries must
be mobilized. This means that the
United States must have adequate
machinery for registering employees
and directing all of those available
to the places where they are most
needed. This bill is a vitally im
p irtant war measure which should
be passed by Congress without de
Introduction of the hill follows con
ferences with representatives of the
Department of Labor, the United
States Shipping Board, the Federa
tion of Labor and the Council of
National Defense. Effective em
ployment agencies are characterized
as "an invaluable adjunct to our
war machinery" and the Federation
of Labor adds that they will be
"keenly needed in the work of de
mobilization following the declara
tion of peace." England has over
400 public employment bureaus in
operation and her commissioners to
this country recently announced that
they will increase the number to
2,000 which is about ten times as
many as we now have iir the United
$90 FOR SPUCE;
$40 BONUS PAID
UNTIL J AN. 1
That is what Cal. Brice Disque
offers mill owners up to January
Ist. After that the bonus will be
only $30 up to February 28. These
are the prices f. o. b. at point of
Let us see.
The mill owners say they cannot
run their mills in competition with
the Southern pine lumbermen on an
eight-hour schedule. They are still
running ten hours.
Evidently this does not place
spruce in competition with Southern
pine. If it did the price of spruce
would go down instead of up.
There was an engineer engaged in
the construction of the Camp Lewis
barracks who. with some risk to his
reputation, and he took the risk, said
that if the government would make
an outlay of $100,000 in construction
work in Clallam county the spruce
wanted could be secured at about
$25 per thousand feet.
There is a little difference be
tween $25 and $130.
Let us be very corservative in es
timating the cost of spruce. Say we
double the Clallam county engineer's
estimate of cost per thousand. Col.
Disque's offer is 160 per cent higher
than twice the Clallam man's esti
Then, too, the mill men claim that
the owners of stumpage are un
patriotically exhorbitant in their
This fact, on wages, you may paste
in your hat. No workers in mills or
camps are getting anything like fair
wages in proportion to the cost of
Let us send for Basil M. Manly
and ask him how much the govern
ment is being robbed of on the lum
ber deals and who the robbers are.
It would seem, as a military ne
cessity, that the government would
be justified in seizing such mills,
camps and timber as its war needs
The government conscripts men to
fight, and it would be common sense
and justice to conscript whatever is
necessary for them to fight with.
The government needs this air
plane lumber. It is here. Take it.
Smoke Chas. Sheets' CHALLENGE
Franz Sigel, son of Gen Franz
Sigel of Civil War fame says:
"This war is not a war on the part
of America against the German na
tion. It is rather a war against a
peculiar system of society and gov
ernment. This system, unhappily,
dominates the German people, to
their own and the world's uriduiug."