Newspaper Page Text
OF THE EVERETT
SHALL WE PERMIT ENSLAVEMENT
OF PORTO RICO BY PROFITEERS?
One Million Porto Ricans Ask President Wilson to Select a Good
Governor—They Say Conditions Are Unbearable.
SAN JUAN, P. 10.—
Thousands of Porto Ricans all over
the island are holding meetings and
signing petitions requesting Presi
dent Wilson to select the governor
of Arizona, the Hon. Geo. W. P.
Hunt, as Governor of Porto Rico.
The trade unionists and fraternal
societies are taking active part in
the campaign. It has been stated
here that the labor unions of the
States and President Gompers of
the American Federation of Labor
will favor the stand taken by the
Porto Ricans. The unfortunate
workers of the island complain that
local authorities have denied them
every right guaranteed under the
Porto Rico Organic Act, and that
strikes have been suppressed; strik
ers being clubbed and jailed when
they suspended work to enforce a
living wage. Thousands of these
workers employed in raising and
manufacturing sugar are being paid
an avareage wage of 65 cents for
ten hours' work. The women get an
average of 45 cents and the children
30 cents a day.
The workers of the island and the
people in general are very well
pleased with the news received from
Washington regarding the appoint- t
ment of a commission by President
Wilson to investigate the deplorable I
economic and industrial conditions
that prevail down here. The people '
of Porto Rico want a fundamental |
change in the public affairs of the (
As a "colony," Porto Rico is a
"factory work out by industrial
serfs." The 70 per cent of the
wealth created by the Porto Rican
workers is going out of the country
to "absentee" profiteers.
In accordance with the Organic
Act approved recently by Congress
the Porto Ricans are declared citi
zens of the United States, but a
more recent decision of the United
States Supreme Court ruled that
the Constitution of the Naion "does
not apply" to the people of Porto
Rico; notwithstanding, more than
120,000 islanders have been drafted
and more than 14,000 are now in
active military service. There are
300,000 children of school age who '
can not read or write and have no '
school accommodations, and it is !
claimed that the number is increas- 1
ing because of low wage standards. 1
The boasted prosperity of Porto
Rico, proclaimed officially by the J
sugar and tobacco trusts and allied '
interests, is shown to be a prosper- '
ity for the few. 1
No one can describe the pitiable
conditions of these poor people, '•
while it is generally conceded that c
this year was the banner year for
the employers. No 'doubt some of 1
them will clear more than 65 per
cent, still they could not afford to
increase the wage of the men who
created their wealth.
The petition to President Wilson
rends as follows:
"Ti the President of the United '
States of America:
"We, the undersigned, citizens of '
the Island of Porto Rico, have 1
abiding faith in your declaration of '
democracy, especially wherein you '
have declared that it 'can be realized '
only by the determination of what
the peoples of the world desire. 1
with their longing for justice and '
for social freedom and for oppor- '
"Social freedom and industrial op- '
poitunity are today non-existent for '
th" mass of the people of Porto
Rico as has been plainly set forth
hy General Mclntyre. chief of the '
Bureau of Insular Affairs, in these '
'• 'The unfortunate conditions of 1
the agricultural workers in Porto
Rico nnd of the much more numer- '
ous and more unfortunate agricul- *
tural people in Porto Rico, who can 8
rot work because the work is not *
there for them, have been officially j
set fo-th in the reports of Govern
ors of Porto Rico, in the hearings
before Congress, since the report of |
the first Military Governor on a
American occunation of Porto Rico. 0
The fa"ts which would be developed t:
by an inouiry would show conditions t
much worse than they are painted 1
by Mr. Iglesias, for the reason Ii
that Mr. Iglesiaa's present interest
is in the sugar workers, who even S
„t the low wage they are receiving
- are of the relatively fortunate
. class in Porto Rico.'
I "These things being so, and the
appointment of a governor for the
' Island of Porto Rico by you being
called for by the Organic Act of
Porto Rico some time during the
year of 1918, we do most respectful
ly petition you to appoint to the
said office of governor the Honor
able Geo. W. P. Hunt, now governor
of the State of Arizona, who.se rep
utation officially and unofficially
for fair sympathetic relations with
the Spanish speaking peoples of his
state, and the English speaking
workers as well, is of the highest.
"It is our conviction that the crit
ical condition of affairs in the
Island of Porto Rico calls for the ap
pointment by you of a man who has
already made a public record of
his friendly, fair and just dealings
with the working people and the
people in general in 'their longing
for justice and for social freedom
and for opportunity' in the State
"The situation in Porto Rico is
being used to the discredit of our
Republic in Spanish speaking coun
tries. The story of injustice in
Porto Rico has already been carried
to the Spanish speaking people of
North and South America, and even
"The United States government,
which is now in a war against the
principles of autocracy and denial
of human rights, can not longer re
main responsible for a condition in
territory over which it has juris
diction, which is totally at variance
with the ideals and institutions for -
which our government and our na
tion have declared." (
If the condition described above
i exist in the Island of Porto Rico it
is a shame to our country and should
be wiped out by the strong arm of
the government and those respon
sible for it made to feel the weight
of that strong arm in a way never
to be forgotten.
The United States took Porto Rico
away from Spain to set her free, but
if the exploitation of that helpless
people by trusts, corporations and
corrupt officials is longer permit
ted it should bring the blush of
shame to Americans when they
claim to be fighting for the liberty
of the world.
The trusts and corporations of
Porto Rico are of the same ilk
that disgraced the country by their
lawless acts as Bisbee and Miami,
Let us have done with this foul
srang of plutocrats, now and for
TO BRITISH TRADES
WASHINGTON, Aug. 13.—
America's mission to the British
Tiades Union congress which meets
in London September 17, 18 and 19,
will be headed by Samuel Gompers,
nresident of the American Federa
tion of Labor and will tour England,
France and Italy to confer with labor
Mr. Gompers left Washington to
day for New York for a series of
conferences there before sailing. He
will be accompanied abroad by Wil- "
liam J. Bowen, president of the In
ternational Bricklayers' and Plas
terers' union; John T. Frey, presi
dent of the International Moulders'
•<n ; nn; Edgar Wallace, editor of the ,
United Mine Workers' Journal, and J
C. L. Paine, president of the Inter- j
national Boot and Shoe Workers' j
Mr. Gompers conferred yesterday ■
with President Wilson. He declined
today to discuss subjects to be con
sidered by the congress, or the pur
pose in visiting France and Italy. ,
LOANS TO OUR ALLIES
The United States Treasury has
extended additional credits of $100,
--000 000 to France, $9,000,000 to Bel
gium, and $3,000,000 to Serbia. The
total of credits advanced to our as
sociates in the war against Germany
is now $6,492,040,000.
Smoke Chas. Sheets' CHALLENGE
TRADES COUNCIL NEWS
Wednesday, Aug. 14, 1«18.
Both the President and Vice- Pres
d ident being absent Secretary Stanley
called the Council to order and Dele
gate F. K. Overman was elected
to preside. Delegate L. T. Bridges
* was called to the Vice-President's
Ie A copy of the proceedings of the
c Executive Committee of the State
s Federation of Labor was received,
read and endorsed. The proceedings
Seattle, Wash., Aug. 5, 1918.
c Pursuant to telegraphic call of the
president, the executive council of
the Washington State Federation of
Labor met in room 402 Mutual Life
v Building, Seattle, at 10 a. m. There
™ I were present: President William
s Short, Secretary Charles Perry Tay
* lor; Vice Presidents L. L. Gifford,
* First district; Wm. J. Coates, Sec
ond district; C. D. Semple, Third.
1 district; V. T. Evans, Fourth dis
trict; H. C. Pickering, Fifth dis
-5 trict; E. A. Francois, Seventh dis
trict. Absent, J. A. Taylor, Sixth
' district. Also present at invitation
'■ of President Short, Miss Lucy Case,
' executive secretary Joint Legisla
-1 tive Committee; Fred Chamberlain,
1 Chairman Joint Legislative Com
mittee; Wm. Bouck, Master Wash
' ington State Grange.
After thorough discussion of statt
Supreme Couit candidates, and the
situation, the following motion was
adopted: That the president ami
master of the State Federation and
State Grange be constituted a new
Join Legislative Committee, and act
as a sub-committee for the organi
Candidates for the Supreme Court
were indorsed as follows:
Two-year Term—Warren W. Tol
Four-year Term—Kenneth Mc
Six-year Term—W. H. Pember
ton, Frank Pierce, A. F. Barker.
The sub-committee was instructed
by motion to communicate with the
candidates and notify them of this
A motion was unanimously car
ried that Vice Presidents urge ac
ceptable candidates to file for the
Candidates for Congress were in
dorsed as follows:
Robert Bridges, Mrs. Ina P. Wil
Organizer C. O. Young and Secre
tary J. M. Norland of International
Union of Tirnberworkers presented
the situation relative to discour
agement of organization of men in
the timber industry by Colonel Brice
P. Disque of the War Department.
Suitable resolutions were unani
mously adopted and ordered for
warded to Colonel Disque, President
Wilson, President Gompers, the
Secretary of Labor, the Secretary
of War and the National War Labor
A motion was unanimously adopt
ed to appropriate $300 back salary
to President Short.
A motion was unanimously adopt
ed to recompense Second Vice Presi
dent Coates for his trip to Denver
on United States Employment Ser
A motion was unanimously adopt
ed that President Short and Vice
President Pickering act as members
of the United States Employment
Agency State Board and members
of Local Community Boards be se
lected by consultation with Vice
Presidents in the districts.
The Executive Council then ad
CHARLES PERRY TAYLOR,
U. S. Employment Service
Vice-President Francois of the
State Federation of Labor presented
the following letters from Robert
Moran, State Director of the U. S.
Employment Service, Labor Depart
ment, which were read, as follows:
Mr. Ed. A. Francois,
4218 Rucker Aye., Everett, Wash.
Dear Sir: A reorganization and
extension of the U. S. Employment
Service is about to be perfected
which will make it one of the most
important war activities of the Gov
The plans contemplate that repre
sentatives of the employers and em
ployes shall take an active part in
the reorganization and conduct of
the Government's labor department.
That you may be fully informed,
we are sending you under separate
cover copy of the U. S. Employment
Service Bulletin dated July 23rd,
1918. Please read the article start
EVERETT, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, AUGUST 16, 1918.
j ing on first page by John B. Dens
- more, Director General of the Em-
I ployment Service, and particularly
- that part on page 2, under the head-
I ing "Community Labor Boards" as it
i is with the organization and conduct
i of that part your members and this
committee will have most to do.
The undersigned organization
committee is named by the Depart
ment of Labor to form these Com
munity Boards in certain districts
of this state.
In districting the state, we pro
pose, subject to the approval of the
Department of Labor, to establish
a Community Labor Board in each
city where there is at present lo
cated a U. S. Employment Agency.
Such agencies arc at present estab
lished in the following cities:
Aberdeen, Bellingham, Centralia,
Everett, Seattle, Spokane, Tacoma,
Walla Walla, Wenatchee, Yakima.
The Community Board so formed
will be known by the name of the
city in which it is located, as for
instance, "The Aberdeen Communi
ty Board," etc.
This is for the best interests of
the service as close co-operation
must be had between the Community
Board and the Employment Agency.
The Community Board, as you will
aote, shall be of three members;
me of which shall be selected by
the employing interests, one a rep
resentative of the employe or work
er, and the third member, who will
represent the Employment Service
and the 'public, will be appointed
: >y this committee and he will be th"
hairman of the Community Board.
This third men ber, as you will
readily understnad, must be a man
of influence commanding the confi
dence of both labor and manage
The local officer in charge of the
Employment Service or the County
Director of the Public Service Re
erve may or may not be chosen as
Now, therefore, carrying out in
structions received from the Di
ector General of the Employment
Service, we request that your rep
resentatives of the employers in
your district appoint one member
o represent your interests on the
Community Hoard. We have re
vested that the representative of
labor in your district appoint a
Member. After these two have been j
agreed on, we will be pleased to j
have the two interests confer and
nominate a man as chairman who
will be satisfactory to both parties
as provided for in the instructions,
whose appointment will necessarily
be subject to confirmation by the
State Organization Committee.
Duplicates of this communication
have been sent to Chamber of Com
merce, Everett, Wash., representa
tive of employer in your district,
md we request that you get in con
ference and give us the names and
addresses of your appointees and
nominate at the earliest possible i
moment. Washington is urging haste
in perfecting this work.
For your further information, we ]
are sending you copy of "Bulletin," I
July 16, which explains the War i
Labor Supply Program, also a copy
of resolut'on of War Labor Policies
Board and the President's approv
al on page (>. Note also on page 9.
resolution by War Industries Board.
There is also sent you June 18th a
"Bulletin," which reports the delib- t
erations of the National War Labor t
Conference. We also enclose the I
report of the War Labor Conference t
Board, of which ex-President Taft
was chairman, together with the
proclamation of the President put- 11
Big Soya Bean Oil Tank Being Erected for The Seattle-Everett Dock
& Oil Co. by Members of Pile Drivers' No. 219. Tank Is
115 Feet Across by 30 Feet High. C apacity 55.000 Barrels.
ting it into force; also the Na
tional Labor Recruiting Program in
cluding statement by the President
of the United States.
These are all very important doc
uments. They deserve careful read
ing and filing for future reference
as extra copies cannot be supplied.
Please give all the above prompt
attention and report to the under
signed at the earliest possible
Organization Committee for Com
munity Labor Boards in the State
Representing the U. S. Employment
Service and the Public.
W. M. SHORT,
Representing the Employes.
Representing the Employers.
Seattle, Aug. Bth, 1918.
Seattle Wash., Aug. 10, 1918.
Mr. Ed. A. Francois,
4218 Rucker Aye., Everett, Wn.
Dear Sir: Referring to the com
munication sent you by the Organ
ization Committee relative to the
formation of Community Labor
Boards, Department of Labor.
Anticipating that the question will
'•ome up as to whether or not the
Government intends paying any sal
aries to this Hoard, I am quoting
he following telegram received from
Director General of the Employment
Service, Washington, D. C, dated
"Neither State Advisory nor Com
munity Boa id are paid any salary.
State Advisory Board will be al
lowed transportation and four dol
'ars per day in lieu of subsistence
to and from meeting places but au
thority must be obtained in each
instance from Director General be
fore travel is begun. Authority may
be obtained by wiring to Director
General name of traveler, destina
tion and length of trip.
I send you the above for your in
United States Department of Labor,
Public Service Reserve.
By ROBERT MORAN,
Dictated by Robert Moran and
sent in his absence by
J. MITCHELL, Stenog.
Bro. Francois also received the
following letter from James M.
Rhoads. Managing Secretary of the
Everett Commercial Club:
Everett, Wash., Aug. 12, 1918.
Mr. E. A. Francois,
4218 Rucker Aye., City.
Dear Mr. Francois:
I am in receipt of a letter from
Mr. Robt. Moran, State Director,
United States Dept. of Labor, in
which he asks me to confer with
you regarding the recommendation
of a member of the United States
Employment Agency of this city.
I will feel very grateful to you if
you will drop in the Commercial
Club and we will take this matter
Very respectfully yours,
EVERETT COMMERCIAL CLUB,
JAS. M. RHOADES,
The Council considered the Moran
and Rhoads letters and appointed
the following committee to carry out
the suggestions therein contained:
Delegates E. A. Francois, C. E. Gokl
thorpe and Fred K. Overman.
The Committee on amendment to
the dues section of the constitution
ARRANGE YOUR DATES SO YOU CAN
CELEBRATE LABOR DAY AT HOME
There Will He a Fine Program of Sports, Patriotic Speaking,
Dancing and a General All Around Good Time.
On Monday, September 2, Everett people will celebrate Labor
Day at home. There will be no fussy parade with all the work
and expense attached to it, to say nothing of the time lost watching
and waiting for it. No trains, nor automobiles, nor boats will take
the people out of town.
All sports will be had in the center of town. All prizes for
winners in all contests will be paid in War Savings Stamps and
Everybody is inivited to participate in the sports and diver
sions of the day.
The Labor Day Committee and their assistants will endeavor
to make things comfortable for all, particularly visitors.
Come and help us celebrate Labor's annual holiday.
Following is the program so far arranged by the committee:
9:00 A. M.—Band concert—Wagner's Band—City Park, Lombard and
10:00 A. M.—Sports for young and old.
11:30 A. M.—Labor Day Address by Martin Flyzick.
1:00 P M.—Band Concert—Rose Theatre.
1:30 P. M.—Marathon Race—To start at Rose Theatre north to Everett
Avenue, west to Colby Avenue., south to Pacific Avenue.,
east to Wetmore Avenue., north to Rose Theatre. Four
laps. Open to all. First prize, $15.00; Second prize $10.00.
Bronson vs. Tucker.
2:00 P. M.—Championship contest for the lightweight championship of
the Pacific Coast. This will be the main event of the Box
ing program. Muff Bronson, holding the lightweight
championship title of the Pacific Coast, will meet the fast
and clever Frankie Tucker of the United States Navy. Bron
son beat George Ingle, thereby winning the title. The other
other four bouts will make up the card, announced later.
Labor Day Dance.
9:00 P. M.—Grand Labor Day Dance at Eagles' Hall.
List of Minor Sports
50-yard dash, boys under 12 years of age. At least three entries. Ist
prize, $1.00; 2nd prize, 50c.
50-yard dash, girls under 12 years of age. At least three entries. Ist
prize, $1.00; 2nd prize, 50c.
100-yard dash, boys over 12 years and under 20 years of age. At least three
entries. Ist prize, $2.00; 2nd prize, $1.00.
100-yard dash, girls over 12 and under 18 years of age. At least three
entries Ist prize, $2.00; 2nd prize, $1.00.
Potato lace, ladies. Open to all. At least four entries. Ist prize, $2.50;
2nd prize, $1.50; 3rd prize, $1.00.
Potato race, boys and girls under 18 years of age. At least three entries.
Ist prize, $2.00; 2nd prize, $1.00.
Ladies* nail driving contest. At least four entries. Ist prize, $2.50; 2nd
prize, $1.50; 3rd prize, $$1.00.
Boys' sack race, 50 yards. At least three entries. Ist prize, $2.00; 2nd
Three-leg lace, boys and girls under 18 years of age. At least three en
tries. Ist prize, $2.00; 2nd prize, $1.00.
'Ladies' baseball throwing contest, open to all. At least three entries. Ist
prize, $2.00; 2nd prize, $1.00.
Boys' shoe race. At least three entries. Ist prize, $2.50; 2nd prize $1.50;
3rd prize, $1.00.
100-yard (lash for men. At least three entries. Ist prize, $5.00; 2nd
100-yard dash fat men over 225 pounds. At least three entries. Ist prize,
$5.00; 2nd prize, $2.50.
Relay lace, teams of five. At least three entries. Ist prize, $5.00; 2nd
All prizes will be paid in War Savings Stamps and Thrift
Watch the papers and posters for further announcements.
' reported and was given further time.
Reports of Unions
The Butchers reported that the
"Enterprise," a new meat market
in the Farmer's Market place had
signed the scale and was granted
i the Union shop card.
The Cooks and waiters reported
a good meeting with ten initiations
and ten applications for member
The Carpenters reported a fair
meeting with two initiations.
The Plumbers had a good meet
ing. They made inquiries relating
to the representative of unorganized
labor and organized workers, hav
ing no local unions in Everett, on
the local First Aid Board. They
were informed that Delegate North
of the Cigarmakers is the duly ap
The Moulders reported all mem
The Painters reported a good
The Stage Employes reported two
more stars for the service flag.
The Tirnberworkers reported a fair
meeting. They expressed their dis
approval of the acts of Col. Brice
P. Disque in placing obstacles in
the way of union organization. They
have discussed and will further con
sider the construction of a new la
The riledrivers reported two ini
The Railway clerks initiated six
applicants and will initiate fifteen
n ore at their next meeting.
Service Flag Stars
Inquiry was made as to the pro
cedure necessary to get new stars
on the service flag. An arrange
ment was made with the tailor who
made the flag to place new stars
on the flag at 15c each. There'
are a number to be added.
Credentials were presented by Bro.
C. K. Potter to succeed Bro. J. H. j i
Stevens and Bro. E. R. Hogland to 11
succeed Bro. H. Botting of the ma- i
chinists. The new delegates were I
Delegates G. W. Goldthorpe, H. C.
THE INTEREST OF
Labor Day Program.
Snyder, James Gulley. H. W. Ruby
and E. A. Francois were appointed
a campaign committee to look after
labor's interests in the present po
The Council adjourned.
SPOKANE, Wash., Aug. 13.—
Charles Hebberd, Federal Food Ad
ministrator for Washington! has re
ceived the following statement from
the food administration at Wash
ington, D. C:
"A careful analysis of the beef
situation here and abroad shows the
desirability of lifting present con
sumption restrictions immediately
rather than in September, as origi
nally contemplated. Therefore, the
present restrictions of serving beef
In public eating houses only one meal
each day and the present voluntary
program for householders of pur-
I chasing a pound and a half of bone
beef and a pound and a quarter of
clear beef should be discontinued.
But it la highly desirable that the
American public consume medium
and lighter grades of cattle, thus
conserving the heavier animals for
our own armed forces and those of
"Owing to the extreme drought
in the Southwest and other parts of
the country endangering herds, pro
ducers are rushing light-weight beef
to market, thus creating an unex
| pected surplus of lipht cuts. All
heavy beef is, for the present, need
jed for war export.
| '"The food administration requests
retail markets to handle cattle which
dress not more than 475 pounds, and
it urges public eating places and
the public in general to create a de
mand for light cuts. The general
policy of conservation for all meat
is still encouraged as a measure to
safeguard the future."
Try "BLUE RIBBON" Cifmr, 6c