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OF THE EVERETT TRADES COUNCIL VOL. XXVII. CONPENSATION BENEFITS FOR OUR CRIPPLED INDUSTRIAL WORKERS Proposed By the American Association for Labor Legislation. RICHMOND, Va„ Dor. 27.—Crip led industrial workers can and do "come back" as productive self-sup porting members of society, often into skilled trades. The Smith-Bankhend bill now pend ing in Congress, and companion laws by the states, should be enact ed promptly to provide vocational rehabilitation for mained victims of industrial accidents. Compensation laws should be amended to insure full benefits for crippled workers, while relieving em ployers from excessive liability that may arise out of a second injury to partially disabled workers. These conclusions were set forth in a series of brief reports submitted by Federal and state officials at the round-table discussion on workmen's compensation for cripples which opened the twelfth annual meeting of the American Association for Labor Legislation this morning at the Jef ferson Hotel, with G. D. Robertson, Minister of Labor of Canada, pre siding. Suggests Special Funds "To facilitate the return of crip pled workers to industry, most states will be obliged to remove existing drawbacks in their workmen's com pensation laws, according to the recommendations submitted by John Mitchell, chairman of the New York Industrial Commission. "The em ployer should be held liable only for the injury incurred within his plant. But the extraordinary compensation due to the combined effect of past and present injuries should be paid to the ciipple. How? By a special fund, if need be, such as that estab lished in New York by assessing em ployers $100 for every case of death due to industrial accident where there are no dependents. If a workman who had lest an arm ten years ago loses his other aim, his employer is required to compensate him merely as if he would lose on arm. The special fund takes care of the dif ference and compensates the now totally disabled worker for the rest of his life." R. M. Little, director of the Ameri can Museum of Safety and former chairman of the United States Em ployees' Compensation Commission, declared: "It is comparatively easy to work out just measures to cover disabled soldier? nnd sailors, through the Federal government assuming entire responsibility. It is also easy in Ohio, for persons disabled in industry, because of the well-admin istered state insurance fund for workmen's compensation. The Ohio Industrial Commission has already met the problem. In fact, the Ohio experience challenges the attention of every state in the Union. It is not a Socialistic scheme but a com mon-sense business arrangement to deal justly with an intricate prob lem. The employers and employees alike are satisfied and every state ought to make a careful study of the Ohio experience." Employers Favor Plans Chairman George P. Uambrecht, of the Wisconsin Industrial Com mission, reported that in his slate the experience of handicapped work men in "making good" shows prom ising results, although too much economic waste results from pres ent scattering efforts to re-employ cripples. Pennsylvania employers hold forth encouraging prospects of openings for disabled persons, according to Chairman Harry A. Maekey, of the Pennsylvania Workmen's Compensa tion Board. "The outlook is good," he said, "for the return to useful self-sustaining occupations of every cripple who is given a chance for rehabilitation and trade skill." Irene Sylvester Chubb of the As sociation for Labor Legislation, de clared that the ambitious cripple should not suffer loss of workmen's compensation benefits. "Injured em ployees," she said, "should not be penalized for rehabilitating them selves. When the injured man or woman knows that the amount of compensation will not be affected by early return to industry, disability ICatror Journal and unemployment will be materially decreased." "An Economic Leak" Experience with an after-care clinic, as in the state of Oregon, was reported by Paul H. Douglas of Reed College as evidence of the deficiency of workmen's compensation care that does not include vocational rehabili tation of cripples. V. Otis Robertson, referring to his appointment as director of the Voca tional Training Division of the Mass achusetts Industrial Accident Board, said: "If I 'had any special fitness for the important task, it is enhanced hy the fact that I am handicapped myself, as I wear two artificial limbs for amputations above and be low the knee. Massachusetts was the first state to initiate a definite movement for the rehabilitation of industrial cripples. We have adopt ed as our goal the ideal of making the handicapped person a self-sus taining, satisfied, and independent civic unit. We have three field workers constantly studying indus try and seeking the niches where the handicapped can fit and give a dollar of service for a dollar of pay. "If by intelligent effort an average of two days on each case could be cut from the compensation paid the injured in Massachusetts alone, by earlier rehabilitation," he continued "an economic leak could be stopped which amounts to $288,000 per year. Under present conditions the crip pled worker is rushed through hos pitals by industrious insurance com panies and back into 'light work' with little consideration for proper placement." "In dealing with the disabled ran," said Director C. A. Prosser of he Federal Board for Vocational Education, "the board expects to ap prove his choice of occupation unless liter careful investigation, sound opinion shows it to be inadvisable; to train him to meet the needs of the occupation he has selected; to help him to secure desirable per manent employment, and to keep in close touch with him after he goes to work." The Association for Labor Legis lation is requested to prepare drafts of bills for the necessary state leg islation. OLD JOE CANNON THE SON OF A GUN The Chicago Unionist knows how o compliment "public servants" who have for years stood in the spot light of publicity, as witness the following from that paper: There are some damned fools even in Congress, who believe that Tom Mooney should have been hanged in tend of sent to the penitentiary for life for a crime that he never com mitted. Among them is "Old White Joe" Cannon. "Old White Joe" has been run ning a race for some time for the "Blatherskite Championship," with Theodore Roosevelt as his chief com petitor. It was thought some time ago that "Old White Joe" was out of Con gress for good. But while the war was on he was one of the few no accounts who sneaked back into the lower house. Some loyal friend of labor and de cency should put a halter on "Old White Joe" and lead him out into the daylight. LOCAL No. 38-8 I. L. A. IS ORGANIZED Last Thursday night the Everett Longshoremen and Dock Workers i ffected the organization of a Local union under the International Long shoremens' Association. Vice-Presi dent Sidney R. Lyons of Bellingham, assisted by Business Agent May of Seattle, was the official organizer. The number of this new local will be 88-8 and its headquarters have been established on Bond street, op posite the Great Northern passenger depot. The Longshoremen have es 1 iblished a social hall at headquar ters. This new union starts with a membership of 150. CHARGED WITH MANSLAUGHTER Sitting as a magistrate. Mayor Hylan, of New York, has issued war rant! charging manslaughter against President Williams of the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company and four minor officials, fixing bail at SlO, --000 each, as a result of his inquiry into the accident of November t, last, which resulted in the death of 8!) passengers. The officials dis obeyed an order of the National War Labor Board to reinstate 21> victim ized members of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers and at tempted to operate the lines with strikebreakers when the unionists suspended work. The motorman has also been charged with manslaugh ter by Mayor Hylan. HEALTH INSURANCE; OLD ACE PENSIONS From the December Typographical Journal: Health insurance and old age pen sions are under consideration by a commission created by the state leg islature of Ohio, of which Thomas J. Donnelly, secretary of the Ohio State Federation of Labor and a member of Cincinnati Typographical Union No. 3, is a member. The commission is agreed that sickness entails serious and disas trous effects upon great number, of the people and causes physical deterioration and economic depend ence. Whether action should be tak en by the state to provide universal compulsory health insurance depends primarily upon whether the problem is being met, or can be met, satis factorily by existing agencies of in surance. On the question of sick insurance costs, it is stated that "in all coun tries the insurance is borne in vary ing proportions by the employees, employers and the state. This is a recognition that to some degree each is responsible for sickness and should therefore pay part of the cost." The commission calls attention to a plan suggested to it that the bur den of insurance for certain specific diseases which are more strictly com munity diseases be borne by the state and the community and not by the individual. "The spread of such diseases as tuberculosis, smallpox, diphetheria, etc., are chargable largely to the laxness of the community," it is stated. "In such cases, under the proposal made, the state would pro vide insurance for all its citizens against such diseases and any city or local community which had an "xcess of such disease would pay for that excess." The commission says it is consid ering the argument that responsi bility for disease is not the only standard in apportioning the cost and that the benefits derived must also be considered. The individual benefits, of course, for a part of his former burdens will be borne by oth ers; the employer benefits because of the greater stability of employ ment and the better physical and mental condition of the employees, and the state benefits in the lessen ing of poverty and in the greater stability of society. In discussing old age pensions it is shown that the proportion of per sons in that state over 65 years of age has increased from 4 per cent in 1880 to an estimated 5.8 per cent in 1918. The commission expresses the be lief that nearly $10,000,000 is ex pended annually by local and state public charities, and a large part of this, probably more than half, is on account of care for the aged. The amount expended by private organ ized charities for the care of the aged and for all relief and social work amounts to several million dol lars annually. NOAH SHAKESPEARE TO RE POLICE JUDGE Tuesday morning Mayor Merrill appointed Justice Noah Shakespeare to be police judge for the year 1010. to succeed Judge Sheller who has held the office ten years. Justice Andrew Johnson will take the place now held hy Justice Shakespeare. The latter will enter upon the duties of his new office on the 13th. Smoke Chas. Sheets' CHALLENGE 10c Cigar. Subscribe for The Labor Journal EVERETT, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, JANUARY L 919 PROGRESSIVE LEGISLATIVE CONVENTION Invitation to Friends of Labor to Attend a Meeting in Olyntpia to Diccuss Legislative Matters. Seattle. Dec. 2'.i, 1918, To All Sincere Friends id' Labor and a Progressive Legislature, Greet ing: The coming sessions of the State Legislature will be the most im portant in ull the history of our state. The victorious end of the most collosal contest ever waged— no war was ever waged for such high principles and ideals as this one—has aroused the public con science to a passion for liberalism and democracy never before experi enced in all history. Whether or not the desire of labor and the people generally can be ac complished thiough the existing ma chinery of government or whether other machinery must be substituted, will be determined in huge measure by the results in this direction Se curing for this Legislature. Every real citizen is deeply interested in perfecting from time to time the machinery of our government, and in promoting substantial progressive legislation. We are now in the period of reconstruction; the tide of democracy is in the ascendant and no power can stem it. If our leg islature is to live as the law making body of our state and retain the confidence of the people it must be made to respond to the clarion call of the New Day. A conference for this purpose will be held in the Eagles' Hall, Third and Washington streets, Olympia, Washington, opening at 10 a. m. Sunday, January 12, 1911). The con ference is called by the Executive Council of the Washington State Federation of Labor, and will be composed of the representatives of the organized farmers, the Federa tion Executive Council, the labor and farmer legislators and those friends who can be relied on to stand true to real constructive progressivism. The program for the coming session will be outlined and a working or ganization to conduct the fight for it on the floor will be perfected at this time. This tetter is an invitation to the recipient thereof to be present on the above date at this meeting. Kindly let no excuse stand in the way of your being present. Very sincerely yours, Wm. SHORT, President Washington State Federa tion of Labor. CIVIL SERVICE EXAMINATION FOR JANITOR JOR The United States Civil Service Commission announces that a Jan itor examination will be held to fill the position of Laborer. Custodian Service, Federal Building, Everett, Washington. Salary, $000.00 per an num plus $120.00 increase for fiscal year ending June 30, 1019. Age limits, 20 to 50 years on the date of the examination. Examination consists of filing an application with the District Secre te'y. Seattle, Washington, prior to the l our of closing business on Feb ruary 8, 1919. Application blanks and informa tion may be obtained by applying to Oliver L. Powell, Local Secretary, Board of U. S. Civil Service Ex aminers, Post Office, Everett, Wash- IngtH n, or to the Secretary, Eleventh U. S. Civil Service District, 303 Postoffice Building, Seattle, Wash. MRS. JOHN CAMPBELL HAS PASSED AWAY Mrs. John Campbell, who has been confined to the Sedro-Woolley hospital about a year, died last Sun day. She is survived by her hus band. John Campbell of the Everett Street Department and her son, John K. Campbell, well-known in Everett labor circles and former State Sen ator from this county. Al Stuart, recently discharged from the U. S. service at Pullman. Washington, has returned to this city nnd resumed his old job as moving picture operator at the Rialto Theatre. LORD LE\ ERIK I.ME THINKS SIX HOURS LONG ENOUGH DAY 11l discussing Lord Levethulme's proposition of a six-hour work day. and ■ sure cure for industrial un rest, The Toronto Globe says: "That a great captain of British industry should present such a pan acea for industrial unrest is one of the most significant signs of the times." In effect, the theory upon which Lord Leverhulme bases his six-hour proposal is that by working machin ery longer hours, with shorter hours for those attending it, the product will be almost doubled, and the work ers will be able to secure comforts and luxuries now undreamed id". "Long factory hours have a (lead ening effect on the operative," it is stated. "Prom 14 years id' age to 70 years of age is a long life span, and if you consider the conditions attend ing for eight hours a day the same automatic machinery, and following the same routine with its continual, deadly monotonous round of toil, those of us whose employment is va ried will realize how this bites into the soul of a man or a woman and tends to corrode it." The Toronto Globe is Canada's greatest daily newspaper. REMOVE LABOR DISCONTENT Democratic .Management and Legal Dismissal Wage Urged at Joint Meeting of American Labor Leg islation and American Economic Associations. RICHMOND, Va„ Dec. 27.—Sc ouring the initiative of workmen, with a share in the management of industry, and decreasing the cost of labor turnover to employers while affording economic security to the workers by a legal dismissal wage, were measures of labor re construction advanced by Robert B. Wolf of the Emergency Fleet Cor poration and Prof. A. Ross of the University of Wisconsin at the ses sion of the American Association for Labor Legislation held jointly with the American Economic Association this afternoon at the Jefferson Hotel. The meeting, at which Prof. Irving Fisher of Yale presided, was devoted to the psychology of labor unrest. "The present labor unrest." de clared Mr. Wolf, "is a natural re sult of diverting the creative in stincts of the workman from con structive into destructive channels. The present form of most of our industrial organizations is responsi ble for this state of affairs. The remedy lies in making our indus trial organizations cjemocratic so that the workman will have a voice in the determination of working con ditions." 'Insecurity—The Worker's Tragedy" The tragedy in the situation of the wage earner in the modern in dustrial organization, according to Prof. Ross, has been his insecurity. "The practice of American indus trial employers," he said, "is really amazing in its lack of consideration for the worker who is found to be superfluous. The average employer seems to give himself not the slight est concern as to what is to become of the worker let out through no fault of his own. Here are real tragedies, hundreds, nay thousands, of them a year in our larger cen ters. Imagine a law which would entitle the dismissed employee after a certain brief trial term, of say a month, to day's dismissal wage for every twenty days in service. Up to a certain point, the longer he made good in his place the more se cure he would feel for the more it would cost his employer to turn him off without fault on his part. "How would the legal dismissal wage affect employers? On all hands it is agreed," he declared, "that the amount of labor turnover in American industries is scandalous. I know of an industry employing 28,000 men which not long ago hired and fired at least that many men a year. Few employers have any conception of what they lose by such t turnover. The obligation to pay a dismissal wage would give such employers a motive to make their practice conform to that of those thoughtful humane employers who have brought their annual turnover EVERETT'S ORGANIZED LABOR ELECTS DELEGATE TO CHICAGO Big Meeting of Trades Unionists Last Wednesday Night at Red Men's Wigwam. Wednesday, January 1, 11U9. , The Council was called to order at the usual time by President Gulley. The Trades Council, having invited the membership of the several trades unions in the city to meet with it a larger hall was necessary and the Bed Men's Hall was secur ed for the occasion. Members of nearly all the unions were in attendance and a large meeting was the result. There were present President Short and ex-l'residetit Marsh of the Washington State Federation of Labor, which added zest to the meet ing. Bro. Short addressed the meeting briefly, calling special attention to conditions existing in California growing out of the Mooney case and then discussed the subject of reconstruction. He said the nation had entered the war in a state of unpreparedness and had "made good" in helping to destroy autrocracy, but was now confronted by as ser ious a problem in the reconstruction 1 made necessary by changed condi- I tions. This new problem would tax | the deepest thought of the greatest minds in the country and its solu- | tion would require all the wisdom ] , and experience of the people. Re lating to the proposed strike in de fense of Mooney and his co-defend ant- he said it was ill-advised. It lacked organization as to its national significance. If there should ( be a strike it should be confined t to the State of California where the trouble lay. Industrially and t politically California was so strong- i ly organized by the corporation em- i ployers of labor that united effort I • must be put forth to crush that op- < position to the welfare of the work ers. California was the offender • and to California should be applied | the drastic remedy implied by a general strike. If a nation-wide strike were necessary there must 1 needs be nation-wide preparation for < it if success in the use of this last weapon of labor's defense be made successful. 1 Bro. Short warned against the 1 organization at this time of a labor party, feeling that the ultimate aim ' and result of such a course might '< result in the disruption of labor 1 solidarity. At this time division in 1 the ranks of labor would result in ' retarding its progress and defeat- t ing its aims. He hoped that dele- < gate elected by the meeting would I use caution and not be led away 1 by the glittering promises of such | in some cases down to 30 per cent, with profit to themselves and con tentment to their employees. They would find it paid to give atten tion to human engineering." (JOT 'VERY RAW DEAL" SAYS CHAMP CLARK Speaker Champ Clark has written to Freil W. Harwood, secretary of the Socialist Party in New Jersey, declaring that Tom Mooney, received a "very raw deal." The letter, made public, is in an swer to a resolution of the Socialist Party protesting Mooney's inno eense, Cl( rk's communication follows "My Dear Mr. Secretary: I have your letter about the Mooney ease. My own judgement is that Mooney got a very raw deal. But if he is tn g t a new trial at all it is to be thr< i Lth the California authorities. I have referred your letter to the Judiciary Committee. They may find some way out. " Very truly yours. "iTIAMP CLARK." Copies of the resolution were sent also to President Wilson and Gov ernor Stephens. CASH FOR XMAS GIFTS The Weyerhaeuser Timber Co. presented each of its employees in the Everett Mills A and B a crisp five-dollar bill as a Christmas pres ent. Each of the foremen received $100. Try "BLUE RIBBON" Cigar, 6c. DEVOTED TO THE INTEREST OF ORGANIZED LABOR a proposition if it be brought up in the Chicsg" Convention. With a few brief remarks Presi dent Gulley introduced Bro. E. P. Marsh, member of the President's Mediation Commission, who is mak ing a short visit to his "own home to A-n." Bro. Marsh made a few felicitous remarks saying he was on a vaca tion, as it were, and only came to see and shake hands with his friends. He feelingly referred to his association with Everett workers during his long residence here, say ing, or lather quoting the state ment of Bro. Short that Marsh was an Everett product, and Bro. Marsh is assured that Everett is proud of the job. He says he is coming home when he has finished work in Wash ington. The President then announced that the main business of the meeting, the election of a delegate to repre sent Everett in the Chicago Con vention, was the order of business. The following resolution was in troduced: Resolved, That this meeting go on record that the delegate to be elect ed to the Chicago Convention, be selected from the rank and file, and demand that he be working at his respective trade at present. WM. THOMPSON, J. KEEGAN, Molders 311, ROY WEBSTER. The proposition brought out gen eral discussion and was adopted by a vote of nearly two to one. The roll of unions was then called to ascertain their sentiment upon the question of sending a delegate to Chicago, showing that nearly all unions favored taking such action. Only one union opposed it. Nominations for delegate were then declared in order and the fol lowing named: Geo. E. Riggins, Typographical Union Carl Overvold, Shipyard La borers, Riggers and Fasteners; An drew Hawley. Molders; O. J. Rice. Molders; R. C. Judy. Piledrivers. The nominees were asked to state their views on the Mooney case, which they did. The resolution abow eliminated the candidacy of Bro. Riggins and a ballot was taken on the four re maining candidates. No candidate receiving a majority the lower two were dropped, leaving the race be tween Brothers O. J. Rice and Carl Overvold. On the second ballot, Bro. Overvold, receiving a majority, was declared elected. The meeting adjourned. FICKERT, BY HIS ACT ADMITS HIS CULT Charges of murder against Ed. Nolan, one of the defendants in the Preparedness bomb cases, were dis missed by Judge Franklin Griffin last week. The District Attorney, represented by one of his deputies, agreed to the dismissal. Cunha, Fickert's chief aid in the frame-up, acted for the District Attorney. The action of Fickert in dropping the charges against Nolan amounts to a confession on the part of the District Attorney that the convic tions of Mooney and Billings, and the indictment, of Nolan were procured by fraud. A fundamental part of Fickert's story of the Preparedness Day outrage was that Nolan made the bomb. If he now confesses that Nolan did not make the bomb, then the story upon which Mooney and Billings were convicted falls to pieces as completely as his indictments against Nolan. During the trial of Israel Wein berg (who was acquitted in twenty minutes Fickert, through an assist ant, tried to make capital of the fact ; that two of the defendants, Mooney and Billings, had been convicted. He t said in substance: "If one is guilty, all are guilty. They were all together in the com mission of this crime. If this man is not guilty, then the others are not guilty." Umbrellas, Trunks. Indies' Hand bags. Leaher Goods and Repairing at Everett Trunk Factory. 2815 Rockefeller Aye. Number 36.