Newspaper Page Text
Friday, July 4,1919
WRKsLEYS long-lasting bars in each package. JOHN F. JERREAD Undertaker and Enibalmer 2838 Broadway Phone Main 230 Day and Night Service Jas. R. Brewster Co. Incorporated Home of Union Made CIGARS and TOBACCOS An Up-to-Dnte Line of Periodicals TRY OUR 5c SPECIAL THE IDEAL Billiard Parlor UPSTAIRS A GENTLEMANLY RESORT Also has tables for those who care to spend an hour or so at Solo, Rummy, Pinochle Light Lunch in Connection Cor. HEWITT and COLBY Pasteurization IS THE Key to Health Remember, one quart of Milk for every growing child insures his health. PIONEER-ALPINE DAIRY MAIN 271 South Park Grocery Dealers In STAPLE AND FANCY groceries, GRAIN AND PRODI Ci: We carry a complete line of chicken feed as w*.l as a full line of groceries. .., 41st and Colby Phone Main 46 5 The biggest value in refreshment you can pos sibly buy. A BENEFIT to teeth, breath, appetite and digestion. The price is 5 cents. The \ Flavor 1 Lasts EVERETT TENT & AWNING CO. 1501 Hewitt DEAN'S Pharmacy The Rexall UNION CAFE (Reopened) Will be glad to meet old and new faces J. C. GAFFNEY, Prop. 1507 HEWITT For a Good Tuilonnadc Suit Sqe New Location 2926 Colby Aye. ( WATCHES DIAMONDS AND JEWELRY Best grade guaranteed at the ye: lowest price possible, con sidering quality. D. KAMERMAN Everett's Reliable Jeweler Hewitt and Wetmore MANNING'S COFFEE STORE 1612 Hewitt Aye. Everett, - Wash. Wo have a repair shop in connec tion with store and have an expert repair man in charge of same. We make a specialty of repairing motor cycles, bicycles, typewriters, cash registers, guns and revolvers. We al so do lock, safe and key work. Tele phone and we will call for your work and return same when repaired at Arthur A. Baily's Sporting Goods »nd Hardware Store. Both phones 75. H. E. STILES FURNISHINGS For Men TENTS TO RENT and Kodak Store R. HULTMAN The Tailor 1721 HEWITT UNITED STATES EMPLOYMENT SERVICE URGED BY SEC. WILSON Secretary of Labor Wilson has recommended to Congress the enact ment of legislation creating a per manent public employment service for the United States. In letters to Representative J. M. 0. Smith, chairman of the House Committee on Labor, and to Sen ator Kenyon, chairman of the Sen ate Committee on Labor, he ap proved the general principles of a national public employment sys tem unanimously agreed upon by representatives of the Governors of the States at the employment con ference held last month in Wash ington, and transmitted an outline of a bill embodying those princi ples. The outline calls for the continu ance of the United States Employ ment Service, developed during the war, as a permanent bureau in the Department of Labor and in charge of a Director General appointed by the President, and a system of pub lic employment offices, operated by the States and co-operating with the Federal Employment Service. The Federal Government would contribute funds to the States for the maintenance of their offices, which would work under standard rules and regulations prescribed by the United States Employment Serv ice, the national service handling labor clearances between States, In specting and gathering of informa tion as to labor and employment conditions. At the conference, which agreed upon this outline were representatives of 30 States, including nearly all the industrial States, and representatives of em ployers and labor. In his letters to the chairmen of the Labor Committees of the House and Senate, Secretary Wilson said, in part: "For many years there has been a growing recognition of the neces sity for public employment offices through the assistance of which men and women out of employment may be able to learn of opportuni ties to work which they could not find through their own efforts. That workers and employers need so-called labor exchanges has been demonstrated by the fact that It has proved highly profitable for in dividuals to operate such exchanges on a commercial basis. That such services to workers and employers should not be left solely to private fee-charging agencies has also been demonstrated. In order to make the operation of such agencies prof itable they have to charge a fee for placing workers in employment. Such fees are exacted from those who can least afford to pay them and instances of abuse and extor tion have been so frequent as to constitute an abuse known to all who are familiar with the situa tion. "Inasmuch as the interests of the private fee-charging agencies are fostered by constant shifting of workers fora one employment to another, they are under constant temptation, to which unfortunately they sometimes yield, to encourage restlessness among laborers and thus to increase the evils and eco nomic loss which inhere in a large labor turnover. "From the viewpoint of the in dustrial efficiency of the Nation, as well as of the individual welfare of the workers, it has proved to be sound policy to place the task of bringing together the worker and 'the job on a non-commercial basis. Furthermore, it is obvious that In order to enable workers In one community to know of positions open In remote localities and to enable employers who cannot find sufficient workers in their neigh borhood to take advantage of a sur plus qf labor existing elsewhere, it is necessary that there should be in tercommunication between the la bor exchangos of one community and among tho various States. The only way this has ever been brought about has been through tho action of the Federal Govern ment. "The need of an agency may to a large extent be gauged by the use to which it is put. By this test it would seem to be demonstrated that there is necessity for a national system of employment service of fices. During the 11 weeks from the first of September to the week ending November 16, 1918. 1,168, --792 workers were placed in posi tions through the United States Employment Service, an average of 105,000 a week. During the 15 weeks after the signing of the armistice up to the week ending March 1, 1919, 1,282,643, or an average of 80,000 workers a week, j found employment through the agencies of the Federal Service. During the eight weeks since the curtailment of this Service, made necessary through failure of funds, A01 ( 690 workers, an average of 61, --000 a week, have successfully used the offices maintained under the supervision of the V. S. Employ ment Service in finding positions. "It la obvious that all these men and women resorted to the Employ ment Service because they could not readily find work without its assistance, and that in the absence of some system of public labor ex changes would have had to seek the assistance of private fee-charging offices. 1 take it that, the need for Home system of public employment Offices is well established and gen erally recognized and that upon this point there can be little if any dif ference of opinion. "In my judgment, the duty of maintaining a system of labor ex changes is primarily one which rests upon the municipality and the State. The expense, for example, of securing employment in New York City for men and women out of work there and of assisting em ployers there in securing labor, does not seem to me to be one which should be borne by those who pay taxes to the Nation without contri bution by the citizens of the State and City of New York. Not only does the obligation rest primarily upon the locality, but the local government is also primarily con cerned with the efficient adminis tration of the local offices and those who live in the locality are in the best position to observe and insist upon efficient local adminis tration. "On the other hand, the estab lishment and maintenance of an ef ficient system of local labor ex changes is a matter of national con cern. Just as the Federal Govern ment has felt the necessity of en couraging, for example, the devel opment of good roads in the various States, the extension of industrial training and the development of agricultural lands and perfection of agricultural methods, so the Federal Government has a like in terest in the development of na tional efficiency through the prompt bringing together of work ers seeking employment and em ployers seeking workers. "Furthermore, the problem of an efficient employment service tran scends State lines. An effective adjustment of labor supply ami la bor demand frequently means move ments of workers from one State to another. The Federal Government is the one power which can secure sufficient uniformity of method and interchange of information to ac complish the required results. The i'nited States Employment Service, for example, has been instrumental in transferring between States an average during the year of 1919 of over 8,000 workers a month. "The goal toward which the pro posed legislation is aimed is a lo cally operated system to which the Federal Government contributes an amount equal to that contributed by the State, the Federal contribu tion being conditioned upon com pliance with uniform rules, regu lations and standards of efficiency required by the national service. For such a system, numerous prece dents exist. "Existing conditions, varying largely in the different States, and the immediate national necessity of meeting the problems of soldier re placement and Industrial readjust ment complicate the attaining of such an ultimate system. Many of the States have not as yet realized the responsibility for establishing public employment offices and in them no State system exists. In a number of others there Is a State employment system, but one which is entirely inadequate. At the present time In only a very few of the States are conditions such that the ultimate conception of an em ployment service which has been set forth, can be put In operation at once." Try "BLUE RIBBON" Cigar, Be. Umbrellas, Trunks, Ladies' Hand bags, Leather Goods and Repairing at Everett Trunk Factory, 2815 Rockefeller. Smoke Chas. Sheets - CHALLENGE 10c Cigar. VTNGEN ELECTRIC CO. 3811 WETMORE AYE. Main ciS Electric Wiring and SuppUes KaUonal Mazda Ufciup ■ rHE LABOR JOURNAL A F. OF L FIGHTS ' "COMPANY UNIONS" War on anti-union steel employ ers is on in thorough-going fashion. No more complete bill of particulars in recital of the injustices of non union steel mills has ever been cited in the contest for organiza tion in furtherance of human rights. Not only does the indictment cover the steel industry; it takes in every industrial plant employing the "company union" as an instrument of warfare In the effort to check the tide of bona fide labor organ ization. The company union is analyzed In detail In its effect and in Its operation. According 'o the resolu tion, introduced by request of the national committee for organizing iron and ste:l work'rs, the employ ers "ham-string such organizations and render them useless." In addition to thtl resolution, the A. F. of L. convention, on Saturday, June 14, adopted Resolution No. 142, authorizing President Gompers to call a conference during this convention of the heads of all In ternational Unions so that they may co-operate in giving assistance to tho campaign to organize steel workers. The resolution follows: Resolution No. 142. —By Delegates Henry W. Ralsse, of Lorain, Ohio, Central Labor I'nion, and Edward J. Evans, of the International Brother hood of Electrical Workers. WHEREAS, Every labor union in America, regardless of its trade or industry, has a direct and positive Interest in the organization of the workers in the iron and steel indus try, because the accomplishment of this vital task will greatly weaken the opposition of employers every where to the extension of trade unionism and the establishment of decent conditions of work and warns; and WHEREAS, The organizing force now in the field working upon this vast project is altogether Inadequate in strength to carry on the work In the vigorous manner imperatively demanded by the situation; there fore, be it RESOLVED, That President Gom pers. of the American Federation of Labor, and Chairman of the Nation al Committee for organizing Iron und Steel Workers be authorized to Union Plumbing and Heating Shops TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION No. 410 Meets In Labor Temple the last Monday In each mouth at 0:10 p.m. E. MARCUSOK. Scc.-Treas. 2228 Rockefeller Aye. Everett Printers who can furnish tho LABEL en your Printing: 1. Everett Print Shop. 3. Tho Dally Herald Company. 3. Morning Tribe..a Publishing Co. I 7- Kane tc Harcus. Commercial Press. Puget Press. O. S. Brown Ec Co. THE COLUMBIA WORK I SHOES g Are Good I'nion Made Shoes | For Only 55.00 FRANK'S PLACE, 1118 Hewitt I Frank Gumsay, Prop. LET A. P. DO IT LET A. P. DO IT Watch and Jewelry Repairing A. P. MILLER, 2830 Colby Coffee 35C and 40r Knacke brod 25c Dr. Peters' Kuriko For Sale at All Makes of Safety Razor Blades SHARPENED Also Shears, Batcher Knives, Vooket Knives, Old Style Razors. RALPH Tl'l RI R 3833>, Rockefeller Everett, Wash. - FOR HOUSE FURNISH INGS, STOVES AND RANGES Now und Isol—fall at ROBERT LAI'GHTON'B furniture store, 2ho»'-4 Rnoker l'lie More Tliat Sa\c* \ mi Money R. M. West over. B. M. Richards. A. Hedlund. A. P. Bassett. K. M. Larson. Louis Aya. Rogers Studio PHOTOS Over First National Bank Everett, Wash. COW BUTTER STORE July Clearance Unequaled Bargains in Every Dept. call a conference, during the Con vention of the A. F. of 1,., of the • heads of all International Unions af- i filiated with the A. F. of 1.., to the end that they may make arrange ments to lend their assistance to the i organisation of the iron and steel industry. The resolution analyzing and condemning the company union In the steel Industry and in other in dustries folows in full! Resolution No. en.--By Delegates John O. Owens, Cleveland Federa tion of Labor, and Henry W, Ralsse, Lorain Central Body. Introduced by request of the National Commit tee for Organizing the Iron and Steel Workers. WHEREAS. Many steel corpora tions and other Industrial institutions : haVe instituted in their plants sys- , terns of collective bargaining akin to , the Rockefeller plan; and . WHEREAS, Extensive experience has shown that while the employers , are busily carrying on propaganda lauding these company unions to . the skies as B great improvement • over trade unions, they are at the , same time just as actively enforcing , a series of vicious practices that i ham-string such organizations and ] render them useless to their employ- , ees. Of these practices the follow- i ing are a few: j 1. Unfair Elections and Repre- t sentatlon. —The first rssentinl for , the propel' working of B genuine col- ; lective Bargaining committee is that | it be composed entirely as the or- i ganized workers may elect and alto- ; getber free from the company's In- ; fluence. only then can it be truly , representative of the men and re- j sponsive to their wishes. Upon such , committees, bosses, representing as ; they do the antagonistic interests of ] the company, are so much poison. ] Not only Is it impossible for them t personally to represent the men. but they also negate the influence of the i real workers' delegates. Knowing j this very well, the steel companies, ( through campaigns of Intimidation i and election fraud, load their coin- i pany union committees with bosses, , usually to the point of a majority. ; So baneful is this practice that, were , the company unions otherwise per- .. feet, it alone would suffice to entire- , ly destroy their usefulness to the , workers. , 2. No Democratic Organization t Permitted.- It is common knowl- | edge that, in order for the workers || to arrive at a uniform understand- j ing through the systematisation and < formulation Of their grievances and \ demands, it is necessary for them to enjoy and practice the rights of free ( speech, free assembly and free as- j soelatton. They must conduct an ) elaborate series of meetings under f their own control, and generally car- s ry on their business in » democratic, i organized way. But with the com- i pany union system this is Impossible. ] All Independent organization and i meetings are prohibited on pain of i discharge. Consequently the work- i ers arc kept voiceless and destitute ( of a program. They are deliberate- t ly held down to the status of « mob. | Under such circumstances intelll- | gent, aggressive action by them is out of the question. ! 3. Intimidation of Committee- | men - As part of the general plan | to keep their company unions from ; being of any possible service to their i employees, it is customary for the companies to summarily discharge committeemen who dare to make B stand In behalf of the workers. The ' COSTELLO BROS. UNION LABEL TAILORING AND MEN'S FURNISHINGS Our Annual Starts Tuesday July Bth at 9 a. m. records, show a multitude of suchj . cases. Being unorganized! the men arc powerless to defend their rep resentatives. The natural conse- \ quence Is that the committees soon degenerate into groups of men su pinely subservient to the wishes of the company und deaf to those of the workers. 4. Expert Assistance Prohibited. —When dealing with their employ-IS ees in any manner, employers al ways thoroughly safeguard them- a selves by enlisting the aid of the very best brains procurable. The only way the workers can cope with this array of experts is to have the help of experienced labor leaders, but under the company union system this is impossible. All association with trade union officials is strictly prohibited. The company reserves y to itself the right to expert assist-1 ance. As a result tiio green work-. - ers' committee, already weakened in] a dozen ways, is left practically help less before the experts upon the company's side. | —In establishing wages, hours and working conditions In their plants, employers habitually use their great economic power to enforce theirj Will. Therefore to secure just treat- ] * ment, the only recourse for the * workers is to develop a power equal- ' ly strong and to confront their em- | ployers with It. I nless they can do this their case is hopeless. In this vital respect, the company union is a complete failure. With hardly a pretense of organization, unaffiliated with other groups of workers in the 1 same industry, destitute of funds, and unfitted to use the strike wea pon, it is totally unable to enforce | its will, should it by a miracle have : one favorable to the workers. Weak and helpless, nil it can do is to sub mit to the dictation of the company. It can make no effective fight for the men 6. Company Inverts Aim. —As though the foregoing practices were I not enough to thoroughly cripple the company unions, the employers make assurance doubly sure by see ing to it thai their committees ig nore the vital needs of the workers and confine themselves to minor and extraneous mutters, such as fake! safety-first movements, problems of] efficiency, handing bouquets to high I company officials, etc. Discussions of wages, hours and working Condi ttOOS are taboo on pain of dischargi for the committeeman who dares to insist upon them. Thus the com pany unions complete then- record of deceit and weakness by dodging the labor ifyestion altogether. WHEREAS, In view oi the fore gOing facts, it is evident thai com pany unioi - r< unqualified to rep resent the Interests of the workers, 1 and that they are .i delusion and a snare set up by the companies for the express purpose of deluding the ', workers into the belief that they I have some protection und thus have no need for trade union organiza tion; therefore, be it RESOLVED, That we heartily con demn all such company unions and advise our membership to have noth ing to do With them; and. be It fur ther RESOLVED, That we hereby con right to bargain collectively through ' the only kind of organization fitted for this purpose, the trade union, und that we stand loyally together until this right Is conceded u.s. Referred to Committee on Or-j ganization. 1513 Hewitt Page Three' WhyiNot Get Your Watch FixedJAt NICK GRAD'S 3005 Hewitt Ave-., Riverside Wo Specialize <>n Cp-to-Dato II URCTJTTING Alliman & Clancy BARBERS T> Chairs Realty Bl.lg. 1805 Hewitt Aye SMOKE THE COMMERCIAL, EVERETT F.D.S. and LITTLE HAVANAS All Cnion Made Cigars in Everett By V. D. Sartor 2000 BLOCK 2015 HEWITT Dealers' Pull Lino MECHANICS' TOOLS All Kinds BCnAVERS' HARDWARE, CVT% UERX, SPORTING GOODS, FISHING TACKLE PAINTS AND VARNISHES Curran Hardware Co. Phone Red 498 W. E. BENNETT Electrical Contractor 2959 MAPLE STREET Everett, Wash. W ..inn, t:igin. Hamilton WaU'lie* A. J. MOHN JEWELER Fine Watch Repairing Great Northern Railwar Time Inspector 1416 HEWITT AVENUE Everett, Wash. Phone Main 118-R CITY DRUG STORE Fair to Labor Believes in Union Labor 1910 HEWITT AYE. You men who really believe in labeled goods BUY HERE We carry nothing but Union-Made Shoes MEN'S SHOE STORE Jtearil Brow. Next to Brewster'!