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EVERETT CENTRAL LABOR COUNCIL VOL. XXIX. RECOMMENDATIONS OF FARMERS' NATIONAL COUNCIL FOR PROTEC TION OF AMERICAN AGRICULTURE Made To The l ! . E. Senate and House of Representative Committees on Agriculture 1. Immediate extension of short time government credit to farmers on adequate security t<> enable tann ers to market their crops in an orderly way throughout the year, to meet consumption demands. The total resources of the national, state and savings banks, and trust companies according to a recent re port of the comptroller of the cur rency, are approximately $53,000, --000,000, while farmers' short time credit facilities are around $2,100, --000,000. It is perfectly clear that farmers have not been getting a fair share of the credit resources of the country. Despite the assertions of the secre tary of the treasury and the Federal Reserve Board, that the farmers have ample credit, an investigation made last summer by the Farm Loan Bu reau showed a most serious shortage of short time credit for farmers. Out of 2,501 national Farm Loan Asso ciations reporting only 1,418 —a lit tle over one-half—reported short time credit available, 292 reported no short time credit, 314 a fair sup ply and 477 a scarcity. Kven where credit was available, interest rates with the exception of two or three states were from 8 to 10 per cent, in a few cases up to 12 per cent and oc cesionally 20 per cent. The Federal Reserve Board should meet this situation by requiring that commodity paper to be subject for discount by Federal Reserve banks must be paper properly secured on which the rate of interest or discount including commissions charged the maker does not exceed 1 per cent in excess of the rate at which member banks secure money. It can also use its present lending power amounting to hundreds of millions and expand this lending power up to $2,500,000, --000 by reducing reserve requirements on notes and deposits only 10 per cent. 2. The creation by Congress of a corporation similar to tbe United States Grain Corporation to purchase the wheat crop at the bulk line cost of production, and to retain control thereof and regulate elevator and milling companies so as to prevent profiteering until the wheat is ready as flour in the hands ot bakers and housewives for the domestic con sumer. The baking companies ir each city should be regulated by the city authorities working in harmon> with, and under the advice of the grain corporation. This corporation should be directed by a board repre senting organized farmers, organized labor, women's organizations, and the unorganized public. The Federal Trade Commission in its recent report on wheat flour mill ing stated that 10 of the larger mill ing concerns probably have sufficient capacity to produce over half of the wheat flour used in the United States. It also reported the "average invest ment per barrel for the 37 companies thus determined increased from $1.14 in 1913-1014 to $1.90 in 1917-18 and profit per barrel from 14 cents to 05 cents." This is nearly a 400 per cent increase. A United States Grain Corporation administered not by agents of a mill ing trust and elevator combine, but by people anxious to serve the public, should prevent most of the profiteer ing by brokers, elevator companies and flour mills. Congress should ap propriate the necessary revolving fund. 3. The enormous contemplated ap propriations for the army and navy aggregating $1,033,991,334 should be reduced to one-half that amount and the other half used to finance the export of surplus wheat and wheat flour, potatoes, cotton, wool, meat and meat products, dairy and dairy products, and tobacco to Europe. These products should be purchased at bulk line cost of production plus a fair profit, our government to as sume the risks of collection and to secure payment therefor as soon as the resumption of industry and com merce in the European countries, to which crops are exported, permits. We clearly need to send food and clothing to the starving peoples of Europe and it is safe to say that a few million bushels of wheat and a few million pounds of meat and dairy products will do more to keep the peace than an extra superdread naught, or an extra thousand soldiers. These two plans will stabilize farm prices, enable farmers to purchase necessary manufactured products and tend to restore hope and hence order in Europe. The government would be obliged to issue treasury certifi cates of indebtedness, of course in an ticipation of collection of taxes to carry cut this plan. It is, however, in our judgment the most practical way to enable farmers to export sur plus of the crops mentioned above, at the minimum of expense, maxi mum (vf profit to farmers, and lowest prices to foreign consumers. The War Finance Corporation which will doubtless be rehabilitated by Congress will not itself assume any risks but if it is to do any con siderable amount of business will have to go into the market and bor row money to be loaned to banks or syndicates of banks which under write the exports and which assume all risks of shipments of farm staples to Europe. These banking Syndicates, just like the export corporation re cently organized at Chicago will charge very heavy commissions to cover the risks of their undertakings. It will be weeks doubtless, before financial arrangements can be made either by the War Finance Corpora (ion or by the export corporation or ganized at Chicago to begin export ing farm products while the fovern ■nent could, by making provision for directly financing our exports as.the Farmers' National council recom mends, make it possible to begin the export of surplus products by the (Elir iEabnr 3)uunutl I middle of January. 4. The prompt enactment by Con gress of tiie Kenyon-Anderson bill te control the meat packing industry. Such legislation has been pending before Congress for two years. The exhaustive and thorough investiga tion of the meat packing industry by the Federal Trade Commission, the facts brought out at the numerous hearings of the House committee and the Senate committee on legislation to control the meat packers, have shown conclusively that the prin ciples of the Kenyon-Anderson bill must be promptly enacted to ensure from producers a fair price for their live stock and to secure to consumers of meat and meat products a reason able reduction in prices. 5. The railroads must be immedi ately restored to unified government operation and freight, express and milk rates reduced to the rates in force when the roads were returned. The roads should be paid a reasonable rental, much less than during the war, and if any deficit results from reduction of freight rates it should be met by appropriation from the public treasury. Farmers are today paying the rail roads between one-third and one fourth of all they receive for their farm products. The prices for next year's crops must inevitably be some what lower than the prices farmers receive this year, even though they do not fall to pre-war prices, and with existing freight rates under the Cum mins-Esch law farmers will be oblig ed to pay the railrods next year at least one-third of what they receive for farm products. UNEMPLOYED MASS MEETING Minutes of the Meeting Held in Labor Temple, December 21, 1920 Meeting called to order by J. H. Michel for the purpose ot discussing the unemployed situation and devise ways and means of meeting the con ditions that confront the workers of the city. . Suggested that street work be taken up to the end that the condition be relieved to that extent. Also, it was suggested that the farmers might be able to employ some work ers. No^jiction. Another suggestion ' offered was that some of the workers who were employed by the city take a vacation of two weeks, giving their jobs to the most needy. Moved and seconded that a com mittee of 10 be appoinetd to confer with the city commissioners in regard to getting employment for those who could be absorbed in whatever work that could be opened up at this time. Carried. Snyder, Lindquist, Michel, Eggelston, Davis, Wilkins, William son, Shields and Meyer appointed. Moved and seconded that a com mittee of three be appointed to watch ovei the interests ot the workers who are likely to be hard pressed by busi ness firms. Carried. Wilkins, Craig and Davis appointed. Moved and seconded that a com mittee be appointed to confer with the farmers and to collect what sup plies that might be donated. Car ried. Appointed, Chas. Alford and C. E Kilbourne. Moved, seconded and carried that a committee be appointed to draw up resolutions dealing with the sub ject at hand to be forwarded to the federal government and to the gov ernor of the state. Elected, Ander son, Smith and Wilkins. Moved, seconded and carried that the co-operative store be used to dis tribute contributed products. Moved to adjourn. Carried. J. H. ANDERSON, Secretary of the Meeting. RESOLUTIONS. Passed at a meeting of the unem ployed of Everett, Wash, held at the Laboi Temple Dec. 21. 1920: Everett Wash., Dec. 21, 1920. Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States of America, Executive Mansion, Washington, D. C. Mr. President: We, the unemployed of the saw mills and other industries of the city of Everett, Wash., in mass meeting , assembled, representing some 3,000 j workers and their families demand immediate relief from the situation that now confronts us. Knowing that hundreds of thou sands of homes are needed through out the United States to shelter the workers of the nation, while we at the point of production who could furnish the necessary materials with which to build these much-needed homes are deprived of the right to do so, as a result of which we stand facing a winter of unemployment and its consequent privation and suffer- I ; ns, therefore demand of the federal government that it take over these industries and operate them if the present owners are incompetent or unwilling to do so. Signed, J. 11. ANDERSON, WALTER SMITH, W. P. WILKINS, Committee. The Seattle Gas Company is mod est. It reduces the quality 33 1-3 per I cent and considerately keeps up the I price of first-class gas. Other man- I ufacturers reduce the quality and quantity of their products 60 per cent and increase the price 100 per cent. Smoke BLUE RIBBON 5f Cigar. THE CENTRAL LABOR COUNCIL Wednesday, Dec. 22, 1920. President Michel called the council to order at 8 p. m. A letter was received from the Union Club, stating it was owned by organized labor and asking members to patronize the Club. A letter was received from Ruby Hermon thanking organized labor for their help. Letter was read from the Cooks and Waiters calling attention of the members to the Quality bakery being unfair. The following resolution was read and ordered sent: To the Honorable Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States of America, Washington, D. C. Everett, Wash., Dec. 21, 1920. Whereas: It has been over two years since the signing of the Armi stice with Germany, and Whereas: All our allies have long since released all so-called political and class-war prisoners who were convicted under laws similar to the espionage act of this country, and Whereas: You have commuted the sentence of German spies and Ger man agents convicted for the actual commission of overt acts intended to interfere with the prosecution of the war with Germany, and Whereas: You have released all en emy aliens and conscientious object ors, therefore, be it Resolved: That in fulfillment of our duty as American citizens, we draw your attention to the fact that there still are hundreds of men and women lying in federal penitentiaries who were convicted under the espion age act, which is purely a war meas ure, and whom it is within your power to free, and be it further Resolved: That we, citizens and residents of the city of Everett, state of Washington, in meeting assembled, demand that an amnesty be declared in behalf of all persons now serving sentences for alleged or proved anti war activities, and in behalf of all others who may have been convicted under wartime legislation. Approved and endorsed by the Everett Central Labor Council, Everett, Wash., in regular session as sembled this 22nd day of December, 1920, representing some 3,000 work ers and their families. Signed, J. H. MICHEL, Chairman. O. F. WEFFERLING, Secretary. Minutes of Seattle and Tacoma Central Labor Council were read and filed. Reports of Committees. Workers' College reported that they had a large attendance last Thursday evening that they would have another Thursday evening, De cember 20, in Hall No. 2 of the Labor Temple. The committee on the unemployed reported they had a well attended meeting and that they would hold another meeting Monday evening, De cember 27, when all unemployed were invited to attend. Reports by Unions. Cooks and Waiters: Good meet ing. Five initiations. Longshoremen: Had greatest meet ing in history. Laundry Workers: Good meeting. Nomination of officers. Donated $15 to council's needy and bought two shares in the Union Club. Building Laborers: Good meeting. One initiation. Ticket Sellers: Good meeting. Two initiations; four applications. Auto Drivers: Good meeting. Three initiations and election of of ficers. Bro. Allison, a member of the Longsoremen's Union, bade the Council good-bye, announcing he was going to leave Everett the first of the year. THE UNION CLUB DONS NEW DRESS The Union Club has had its in terior painted and renovated and now presents a very pleasing appearance. This club has for several months been conducted by the Timberworkers' Union. All kinds of soft drinks, candies and smokers' articles can be gotten here. If you wish to while away an hour at cards or pool you will find, the Union Club an ideal place. The Club is now incorporated and stock is sold to members of organ ized labor. There is also an excellent lunch counter, a barber shop and shoe shiners' stand at the Club. Drop in and get acquainted with the boys. "I Will Continue This Case Indefinitely" Chicago, J)ec. 21.—Judge Kenesaw M. I.an,lis today refused to sentence six men charged with stealing 000 sacks of sugar from trains in inter state commerce, after learning that Presidnet Wilson has last week grant ed a pardon to James J. Dorsey, of Gilbert, 111., known as the "million aire cattle king." Dorsey was sentenced to eight years in Leavenworth prison by Judge Landis after conviction for selling several thousand head of tubercular cattle throughout the west under false papers representing them as government tested and healthy. He began serving the sentence June 4, 1919. Last July President Wilson cut the sentence to four years. At that time Judge Landis in open court, de clared he could "not understand the workings" of the president's mind. I "I can't sentence these men with the Dorsey thing fresh in my mind." Judge Landis declared in court. "Dor sey's activities ran into the thousands 1 of dollars, while these men stole only a few hundred dollars' worth of mer chandise. I will continue this case indefinitely," EVERETT, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 24, L 920 UNITED STATES OPENS GATES TO RUSSIAN TRADE Washington, Dec. 20, —All barriers to trade with soviet Russia and ex change between Russia and the United States, making possible Rus sian payment for goods bought here, were swept away by an announce ment issued by the treasury depart ment Monday night. The reason why no mention of the importation of coin or bullion from Russia appears is that the govern ment has not admitted it was keeping them out. Attorneys Biliary and Shepard for the Jewish Relief Depository bank in New York, who brought the issue be fore the federal reserve board and state department and scored a vic tory, declare the ruling meets the highest hopes of those desiring im mediate resumption of financial ex change with soviet Russia. Progressive politicians look upon the announcement of a change ol policy as acknowledgment that soviet Russia must be recognized commer cially now and politically soon, if the present business structure In the United States is to save itself, through reaching a solvent foreign market. The text of the announcement reads: "The secretary of the treasury and the federal reserve board announce that with the approval of the depart ment of state and in order to give force and effect to the action of the department in removing restrictions in the way of trade and communica tion with soviet Russia, as announced by that department on Jul> 7, 1920, all rules and regulations restricting the exportation of coin, bullion and currency to that part of Russia now under the dontrol of the so-called Bolshevik government, or restricting dealings or exchange transactions in Russian rubles or restricting trans fer of credit or exchange transactions with that part of Russia now under the control of the so-called Bolshevik government have been suspended, ef fective Dec. 10, 1920, until further notice." THE A. F. OF L. IS READY TO FIGHT Washington, December 22.—(Unit ed Press.) —Secretary Frank Morri son of the American Federation of Labor today accepted the challenge of William Butterworth, president of the Illinois Manufacturers Associa tion, who issued a call for manufact urers of the country to hold a con gress to plan a nation-wide battle to establish the "open shop." "Labor is alive to what its enemies are doing," said Morrison. "We are prepared to meet them at every point. "Mr. Butterworth's proposal is a phase of the agitation of the cham ber of commerce of the Uited States to establish non-union conditions in industry throughout the country. "The trade union movement is not only strong enough to sustain the conditions in industry which it has established but also to win new vic tory each year and improve on pres ent conditions for the workers." It is believed likely that congres sional investigations of the open shop, wage cutting and living costs may be asked of congress by members of the so-called liberal group. Textile workers whose wages have been slashed, are reported to want such an investigation. Harlin Elected By Big Majority Miners' headquarters in Seattle gives out the following news: Robert H. Harlin was elected pres ident of the United Mine Workers of America in last Tuesday's balloting by a majority of at least 20,000, ac cording to a statement given out by officials of District No. 10 of the or ganiation Saturday morning. The estimate is based on telegraphic re ports received from many parts of the country. Newspaper dispatches quoting Ellis H. Searles, editor of the Mine Work ers Journal, Indianapolis, as stating that John L. Lewis, Harlin's oppon ent, had been elected were declared by local mine worker officials to be false and issued for the purpose of building up a psychological attitude in which members of the organiation could accept such a result. "Harlin will go into the dis trict south of the Ohio river with about 40,000 majority," said Ernest Newsham, secretary of district 10, Saturday. "The south ern district is partially organized and its vote is controlled by the organizers of the international, many of whom are favorable to the administration. After taking this into consideration, it is still safe to say that Harlin will have 20,000 majority." A comparison of the vote cast in the home camps of the two candidates was overwhelmingly beaten in both Panama. 111., the home of Lewis, gave Harlin 533 and Lewis 26. Cle Elum, the home of Harlin, gave Lewis but three votes out of 443. Reports show that in 43 Illi nois locals Hariin got 9,137 votes, Lewis, 3,069; Howatt, for vic? president, 9,274, and, Murray, 2,588. The vote in Indiana is de clared to be close, with the ad vantage in Harlin's favor. Indianapolis, Dec. 18. — (United Press.)—"Harlin's talking through his hat," Ellis Series, editor of the United Mine Workers Journal, said, when informed that Harlin claimed the election by 20,000 votes. He said that the national union headquarters here was the only place receiving authenticated returns and that cre dence could not be placed in those given out elsewhere. DENVER PLUTES 1 WITHOUT SHAME As evidence that the declarations of the Federated Churches of Christ in America and the Catholic Well fare Council didn't confine theii sym pathy for labor and the public to resolutions and mere talk the fol lowing report of the action of the Denvei clergj should be recorded. The churches did not mince words in their condemnation of the United States Steel Corporation in the great steel strike, and now it handles the Denver street car strike in a similar manner. Read it: Colorado's method of breaking down strikes and penalizing earners who make efforts to secure humane working conditions is castigated in a 150-page report made by a com mittee ol investigators consisting of prominent clergymen and laymen. It deals with the Denvei tramway strike which occured last August. The report was made public in Den ver the first of the month by rep resentatives of the committee at two concurrent meetings, one at the Denvei Civic and Commercial As sociation attended by 300 business men. and the other of 1,000 church men and plain citizens. This in vestigation and report, under aus pices of the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America and the National Catholic Welfare Coun cilrf promises to attract, nationwide attention, second only to the report of the Interchurch survey of the steel industry and strike. Renresenting the national church forces conducting the investigation were Dr. Edward T. Devine, asso ciate editor of The Survej repre senting the Federal Council- of Churches of Christ; Father John A. Ryan, professor of Moral Theology in the Catholic University of Amer ica, and Dr. John A. Lapp manag ing editoi of Modern Medicine and secretry of the National Catholic Welfare Council. Local Churches Cooperate Members of the investigating com mission representing the religious forces of Denvei comprised James H. Causey, chairman, a leading busi ness man of the city; Rev. Orrin W. Auman, D. D., Methodist; Rev. J. W. Bailey, Ph. D., Baptist; Rev. H. Nutting Bascomb, D. D.. Congrega tionalist; Mrs. Ray S. Davis, Jew ish; Rev. David 11. Fouse, D. D., Reformed; C. S. Lambert. Presby terian; Hugh McLean, Espicopalian. and Father William O'Ryan Roman Catholic. The report dealt with the situa tion leading up to the strike of the street car employes against a re duction of wages, the importation of strikebreakers and the fatal rioting in Denver during the first week in August. The report shows that the men made every endeavor to reach a sat isfactory settlement before quitting work to resist a reduction in wages from 58 to 48 cents an houi. Strikers Are Exonerated "The Tramway Union is not a body of radicals or reds, or groups of persons possessed of bolshevistic ideas. They are not foreigners, but are men of your own country, most of whom were born in Colorado. They are as fine a body of Ameri cans as you will find in any Ameri can city; the union membership in cluded church members, and a large number of them owned their own homes according to oui informa tion " says the report. Speaking of the tragedy at the car barns which resulted in the death of five persons and the wound ing of fifty others, the investigators say: "The killing was done by the strikebreakers, although not a single strikebreaker has been indicted in the courts. The courts and state officials have a definite obligation to perform in that connection. State Supplied the Rifles "The killing was done with arms furnished the strikebreakers, and ob tained from the state armory. These men had no right to those arms." The report recommends that the Denver tramways be municipally owned and operated. "There is an unfilled obligation upon the courts and public officials of Denver charged with the tasks of discovering the authors and perpe trators of these unwarranted as saults upon the lives of innocent per sons." It is shown that for two months preceding the strike the tramway company officials treated its em ployes unfairly in fining or other wise disciplining them foi petty in fringements of rules to which ordi narily little or no attention is paid. One employe who had not been rep rimanded in lit lays of service was fined for neglecting to unfasten the chain on the entry door. Another was docked for leaving open his rear car window; another for opening his rear car window half a block be fore reaching the end of the line in stead of at the end of the run. Other employes were reprimanded for smoking when approaching the end of the run with no passengers on the car. One was called up for putting his feet on the conductor's stool while waiting at the end of the line. It is charged that inspectors hid in vacant houses at the end of the line or followed the cars in automobiles, and were even known tc watch from a distance through field glasses. Corporation Judge Rebuked A large section in the report is de voted to the work of John ("Black" jack") Jerome, leader of the strike breakers, imported from California, who was called into conference by Governor Shoup and Mayor Bailey and soon thereafter issued 100 rifles and 2,000 rounds of ammunition from the state armory. Judge (ireely Whitford, who is sued an order commanding the men j to return to work, and later sen tenced officers of the union to jail | for violating this order, is severely j arraigned in the report. Since the strike and his judicial aid in break ing it. Judge Whitford has been elected to the State Supreme Court bench. I Complete accounts are given in the RESUME TRADE WITH RUSSIA AND GIVE EMPLOYMENT TO OUR LABOR (From Interview With Washington H. Vanderlip.) "F.very working man and woman in this country can be kept busy for the next three years, if trade relation! with Russia are resumed immedi ately," according to Washington B, Vanderlip, American financier, just; back fiom Russia with contracts the 1 fulfillment o! which he said would keep American industries going al most at war schedule for that length of time. Mr. Vanderlip was interviewed yes terday by a representative of the American Labor Alliance for Trade Relations with Russia, which repre sents 600,000 organised workers of Greater New York. Mr. Vanderlip said that if trade were resumed with Russia, the crisis which organized labor in this coun try is facing would be forstalled be cause "every wheel in the United States can be turning within 30 days. There need not be an idle person in the whole country for the next three years at least, if the orders which Russia is prepared to place and pay foi were filled." When asked what will happen if present policy of ignoring Russian the state department continues its trade and sending back Russian gold, Mr. Vanderlip replied: "Why they will just keep $3,000, --000,000 worth ot trade out of the country and withhold that much em ployment from American workers. The English 'national hands off Rus sia committee which represents British trade unions and the Labor party, is already bringing pressure to bear on the British government to resume trade, using the concessions and contracts that we have received as their strongest argument, in reso lutions which they are circulating broadcast." To prove how eager American business men are for trade with Rus sia, Mr. Vanderlip showed his inter viewer thousands of letters from business men offering their commo dities. "A little while ago a man forced his way in here to offer me a million pairs of shoes for sale. American business men should organize as labor is doing to bring about the establish ment of trade with Russia," he de clared. Mr. Vanderlip was then asked if only union labor would be used in the manufacture of commodities for Rus sia. "That would be up to the commer cial representatives of the Russian government because they are the ones to place the orders. We are just the financiers and have nothing to do with the placing of the orders." Russia Has 700,000.000 Rubles. When asked if he was not worried by the opinion prevalent in some circles that Russia cannot pa>. he replied: "British statistics gave Russia 000.000,000 rubles in gold last year. The Russians say they have 700,000, --000 rubles. Besides there is a vast i amount of oil which Russia is ready to export. Production of oil is up to 80 per cent. There are 300 tons of manganese in ports on the Black i sea ready to ship. There are vast amounts of flax, timber, pulp. I talked with one of the largest pub lishers in the United States yester day. I told him that I hoped to es tablish a pulp trade between the Mur mansk and America, as we now pur chase our pulp from Canada and pay very high prices. It could easily be shipped to our eastern ports. There is an unlimited supply of pulp in Russia and in the north it grows faster than it can be cut down." report of the communications ex changed between Governor Shoup and Major General Leonard Wood in regard to calling of Federal troops to Denver, and criticisms made by General Wood upon the state and municipal officials of inefficiency in handling the trouble. "Proud of Their Record" In addressing the Commercial As sociation meeting. Dr. Devine caused the 300 members present to sit up and take notice when he declared: "It is impossible to muckrake Denver. You men confess your crimes and appear to be proud of a record that has gi\en this state a black name throughout the nation." Smoke OLYMPIC 10c Cigar. WHAT'S BECOME OF THE MORE PROIH CTION CRY? (From American Federationist) What has become of the propa ganda for increased production and break-neck speed in industry that flooded the country less than two months ago? Is this propaganda en joying a momentary ebb according to planned schedule, or has it been forgotten permanently ? The world needs production— full-time produc tion—as badly now as it needed it three months ago, or two months ago. While the propaganda was at its height Labor pointed out the fact that employers were preventing full production and went into some de tail to show that such was the case, lamentable as it was. The proof of employers' insincer ity was strong then. It is convinc ing today. Today we read such headlines as these: "Thousands of Idle Forcing Wages Down." "Seventy-five Thousand Detroit Workmen Lose Factory Jobs." "Increase Reported in Labor Sta bility." "Labor stability" means that work men are sticking closer to the job they have in the fear that they may not be able to replace those jobs if they quit. It is but a few weeks since the American Woolen Mills and the Pennsylvania Railroad created a sensation by laying off large num bers of men in the midst of the po litical campaign. Mill towns con tinue to report numbers of working PUBLISHED IN THE INTEREST OF ORGANIZED LABOR Mr. Vanderlip was then asked by his interviewer about the conditions under which the working people and their women and children live in Rus sia today. "The children are Very well looked after and nre considered next to the j soldiers in their food supply. I ' visited a little girls' college where 1,500 girls between the ages of 6 and jl2 were taken care of. I partook of i their meal at noonday, and had a bet ter meal than in the palace at which I was housed by the Russian govern ment. In fact." he added smilingly, "I received better food in the political prison than 1 got at the palace. "Women only work eight hours a day. There are lying-in hospitals where women can go two months be fore chil-birth and two months after on full salary, if they are working women. "There is no prostitution in Rus sia," Mr. Vanderlip said, "because the incentive —money —has been remov ed. These women are all at work now. There are no 'illegitimate' children. All children born out of wedlock are considered as legitimate as the others, and when not cared for by their fathers or mothers are cared for by the state and taken into the same schools as the others. "There are 'rest houses' which were the homes of the old nobles and and which have all the lovely things in them which formerly belonged to the nobility. The tired workers can Igo to these 'rest houses,* which cor respond to our sanatorium*, on pre senting a doctor's certificates. I saw a large number of them in Petrograd, Sameness of Food. "The people get enough food to keep them from starving, but it is j the awful sameness of food which ! makes one lose his appetite. For breakfast they get black bread and tea. The noon meal consists of soup, rice or 'kasha,' and a piece of meat. The evening meal is the same. At first I couldn't stand the sameness of it. I lost my appetite and couldn't eat. One day the butler called up the foreign office and told them I was not eating. They offered to send me a chicken, but I said I would hold out the same as the rest of them I did. I foUTid that when I got very ■ hungry I could eat the same food as j the Russian people. But I did lose 20 pounds," he added. Mr. Vanderlip was asked what ef fect the blockade had on Russia. He said: "The ones who felt it most keenly were the children and the sick people. I visited hospitals when' ; there was one thermometer fur 200 i and 300 babies. I found an entire absence of surgical supplies. In some i hospitals only as much as any Amer ican family keeps in its medicine j chest." Russia Needs Clothing. When told about the present labia conditions in New York, particularly 'in the garment trades, where tens of I thousands are out of work, Mr. Van ; derlip said: "There isn't a decent suit of clothes in Russia. All these workers could be supplying Russian people with clothing that is needed so much." The American Labor Alliance for Trade Relations with Russia has of fices at 31 Union Square and is carry ing on a national campaign in labor circles for the lifting of the blockade and the resumption of trade with soviet Russia. The organization be lieves trade with Russia would solve 1 the unemployment problem and are planning to hold a series of mass meetings throughout the COUntrj to protest against the continuance of the blockade. people laid off. We are confronted with indus trial hypocrisy in a highly perfected degree. The world needs production. The j employers have been saying so for months. They began with the ar mistice and they continued until a 1 few days ago. Now they have stop : ped saying so. The reason is not that the world's ' needs have been satisfied. The rea i son is twofold: Inflation is coming 'out of the business structure and in j that process employers see what 1 they believe to be an opportunity to I cut wages though there has been no ! inflation in wages. Secondly, the j more unscrupulous employers be- I lieve that by laying off workmen with an announcement of curtail ment necessities, the same or other workmen can be hired within a brief time at a sufficient wage reduction to make the temporary suspension justifiable from a proft point of view. When inconvenience is caused tem porarily by the workers in their ef fort to ovrcome obstinate and un justifiable opposition in the struggle for human betterment there usually is a public clamor and protest. When employers, for profit, adopt policies that strike at the very support of human life, where is the public clamor, where the high-minded pro test ! Wheels of industry may be stop ped for "business reasons" and the morals of society are not outraged. But when the wheels of industry stop because the workers have de clined to contribute their service un der conditions which they can not tolerate, society's moral code is af fronted at once and the affront is given ready expression by a press not too well educated in the how of getting at industrial truth. The long and the short of these I facts lead to the conclusion that the world needed production until re cently because production was profit able, and that it no longer need production because production is not at the moment as profitable as it was. or as it may be a little later The working people declare that the world needs production now as much as last month, or two months ago or a year ago and that to intei | fere with the forces of production is j a social crime which society will | some day find a way of visiting with proper punishment. Smoke CHALLENGE 10c Cigar. Number 35.