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EVERETT CENTRAL LABOR COUNCIL VOL. XXIX. THE OFFICIAL BULLETIN OF THE WN. STATE FEDERATION OF LABOR Published weekly by the Executive Council of the Federation and con taining official communications and ether items of interest to the member ship. Local Unions are requested to send in a report of any happenings which might be of value. Office of the publication: 508-!) Maynard Bldg.. Seattle, Washington. WASHINGTON MINKR SEEMS TO HAVE BEEN ELECTED INTERNATIONAL PRESIDENT Unofficial returns from 17 districts north of the Ohio river give Robert 11. Harlin, president of the Washington miners, an overwhelming majority in 14 of the 17 districts anl will send him into the south and eastern part, of the country with a majority of 3. r .,000 or 40.000. Reports received from various s; 'lions of Pennsylvania and other sec tions of the east and south indicate i.hat the present administration is re sorting to corruption in an effort to stem the title of votes for Harlin. Sev eral affidavits have already been made from sections of Pennsylvania show ing that organizers for the international union have falsified the reports from local unions in favor of John L. Lewis, the present incumbent. How ever, despite the evident corruption in Pennsylvania, unofficial reports indi cate that Harlin has carried the state by a good majority. The Illinois miners, who have given Harlin the largest majority ever given a candidate foi international office, have at their own expense sent men into Pennsylvania, Alabama ant! other sections'to investigate the re ported corruption and plans are being perfected to wage a strenuous fight to see to it that the votes recorded for Harlin by the local unions are prop erly credited to him and that his election as president is properly safe guarded. President Farrington of the Illinois miners is directing the inves tigation and is taking charge of the fight to protect the interests of Mr. Harlin. Only the most extensive coi ruption can prevent Harlin's election, and the workers generally throughout Washington will join with the miners of this state in acclaiming the election of this popular and able miner to the international presidency. The official count, will be made known about, the middle of January. STATE MINERS UNION ELECT The state tellers of the Miners' union have just completed the tabula tion of votes cast in the recent election for state officials of the Miners' union and have declared Ben Farrimond and Sam Cady, present incumbents, elected as president and national board member, while Frank Cook, of Carbondao, is elected vice president. Ernest Newsham, present incumbent, was re-elected secretary in the primary election held six months ago. A substantial majority was given all candidates. JOINT COMMITTEE ON INDUSTRIAL INSURANCE CONTNUES SESSIONS The joint committee of seven employers and seven representatives of labor that has been meeting to consider revision of the state compensation law, went into sub-committee meetin ; over a week' ago with three repre sentatives f 10111 each side. A trip was made by the sub-committee to Olympia to secure statistical inform: 'ion. It has been meeting daily for the. past week in the office of Mr. Manley, one of the employers' repre sentatives, but up to date has been unable to agree on recommendations to the main committee. The question of increased awards is the chief stumbling* block, due to the employers contending that the present depression is going to last a long time and that both prices and wages are necessarily coming down and with mills and mines either closed down or working half time it is impossible for them to agree to the demands being made by the labor representatives for a flat horizontal increase in all awards of 50 per cent. It is impossible at this writing to predict what the outcome will be, but the labor represent atives are putting up a strenuous fig! t for justice for the injured workmen and their dependents in the state and are pointing out that the present depression is only temporary and that all indications point to an early re sumption of industrial activity again and that old standards existing prior to 1014 will never be gone back to; that standards have been permanently raised and that the Workmen's Compensation law is almost totally inade quate unless amendments are made to it providing for substantial increases in awards. The committee will consider the question of consolidation of depart ments, abolition of the contract doctor system and many other matters of vital interest to both employers and workmen. It will be at least the end of the year before the work of the committee is completed, even if agree ments can be reached, which, at this writing, is beginning to look doubtful. INDUSTRIAL CODE COMMISSION PREPARES REPORT Last Sunday's papers carried a brief preliminary report of the State Industrial Code Commission appointed a year ago by Gov. Louis F. Hart. The preliminary report declares that the Kansas Industrial Court plan is still in the experimental stage and for that reason no recommendation will be made by them to the legislature, but in its place a recommendation will be made for the establishment of tribunals for voluntary mediation and con ciliation. No details are given in the report as to just how the plans are to be formulated; a final report will be presented at a later date. The commission states in the pre iminary report that they will submit a plan for consolidation of industrial departments in the state to be admin istered under the direction of one man, possibly the labor commissioner. The theory of one-man administration has proven a failure in most every instance. The question of the administration of industrial legislation, such as industrial insurance; safety laws, medical aid and all co-related legisla tion, is a joint problem for employers and workmen. The empoyer, who in the main pays the cost, and the workman who suffers the injury, have a mutual interest in bringing about tl c greatest possible reduction of acci dents and the most efficient administration of such legislation possible, and for this reason it has proven necessary that joint administration of all such legislation be established and maintained. Where the workmen and the employer are jointly represented on administration boards a direct interest anil mutual co-operation is established and maintained, and experience has proven that only in the degree that this spirit of co-operation is established and maintained can success attend thi efforts of the administration. One man administration as a rule is one sided, and no matter what side the leaning is towards it destroys the necessary co-operation. Labor will oppose the idea of one-man administration and expects to enlist the ro-operation of the progre isive elements among the employers in maintaining the principle of joint administration of industrial legislation. Secretary Buck spent several days last week at Wenatchee on organ ization work. Several new affiliations were pledged and assistance given to several new local unions in the course of development in the securing of charters and assistance in organization work. The teamsters at Pasco are attempting to get a charter and the Build ing Trades of that city have requested the co-operation of the Federation in this and other work. An application is being made to the American Federation of Labor for a volunteer organizer's commission for Fred Hendricks, member of the Carpenters' local and president of the Building Trades Alliance of Pasco. One Stadium Enough The men who at the meeting in the Labor Temple tried to think out some sort of public work to give employ ment to those now out of work didn't hit on a very happy idea when they lit on that of spending $50,000 in building a stadium in the gulch south of Everett. That would be about as imprac ticable ami unnecessary as anything it is possible to think up at this time. The idea of building a stadium sev eral blocks from the nearest street car line, accessible only over unpaved streets, with nothing to commend it self to use except scenery, doesn't seem a practical proposition at this time. Besides the current football ex citement is expected to result in giv ing Everett an athletic field with a possible seating capacity of 20,000. That will provide the city with all the stadium it will require for sev eral years and thnt too without the increase In taxes that would be re quired to build a $50,000 plant down in the gulch. If it is necessary to provide public «'ork for unemployed, let it be some thing that will give the taxpayers a return for the money—something that will he useful as well as orna mental.—The Tribune. The men at the unemployment meeting at the Labor Temple are casting übout for work for the men BRIEF NOTES and women who must have it if they would eat. They know that the sta- j dium suggested as a part of Everett's 1 park system will cost money and | that the city is not able or ready to I build one. But it was thought that ' 1 perhaps money might be raised to do some preliminary work, and work is urgently needed now. The stadium proposition in the gulch, not far from Providence Hos- j 1 pita], is not impracticable, but it may be unnecessary. Everett is a town of 30,000 people, is 30 years old and i 1 it has not seemed necessary to have a park at all for a recreation ground . for the people. Everett has had all out of doors from which to select land for parks, but has not now what would be called an improved park by . any citizen of any other town. They i are now improving a tract of land at Silver Lake, six miles north of the city, which can only be enjoyed by j people who have money. The pro- | posed gulch site belongs to the city and is not many blocks from a street i car line. Anyway it is not six miles from the city limits. The "current football excitement" j' has done two good things among i others. It has awakened the people i to the fact that they have no play-"! ground and wounded civic pride just 1 a little. Your proposed athletic field would probably be a privately-owned affair, where the price of admission is too high for the majority. A cheaply constructed affair at that. ®lt? Cabor Journal This city docs not need a stadium or parks to give any body a "return j for their money." Such institutions ! should be publicly-owned, for the use of all the people. The Tribune is reminded that these unemployment meetings are not held for the purpose of making money for taxpayers and landlords, but for the purpose of securing needed work for the unemployed in order that they and their families may eat. If the unemployed were all at work at de cent living wages the taxpayers and merchants would ',c more prosperous. And beside. Cue people who own land and rent it do not pay taxes In fuct. Their tenants pay the taxes | and if those tenants manufacture or sell goods they charge the taxes to their customers. Some of those un- , employed in Everett were customers that paiil taxes when they were at work. Unemployment Over in Canada Toronto, Ont.—Demanding deeds Instead of words, thousands of unem ployed war veterans in Toronto, as well as in Hamilton, 40 miles distant, are holding out-of-work demonstra- j tions, which are causing great con cern in official circles. Similar demonstrations in the Brit ish isles, where a majority of Can- j adas war veterans were born, are having a marked effect here, while special cables published in Toronto newspapers say the British workers are watching every development in the unemployment situation in the dominion's industrial centers. Toronto veterans held a largely at tended parade to the provincial par , liament buildings and the city hall. They rushed a police guard at the provincial capitol, their leaders and cabinet members speaking from the balcony. They refused to sing "God Save the King" in front of the city ' hall, despite the pleadings of their leaders, but stood with bared heads in silent prayer for the dead in Flan ders' fields, whom Harry Flynn, gen- ' eral organizer of the Grand Army of United Veterans, declared were bet- . 1 ter off than the returned men of ! Toronto. Later they raided restau rants. Hamilton veterans held an indig- ; nation meeting, demanding immedi ate action by dominion, provincial and municipal authorities. "We are not i ' going to suffer, privation," said George G. Halcrow, Labor member of j the provincial legislature for East Hamilton, who was selected the foi- i 1 lowing day as floor leader of the j Labor group in that assembly. "Those 1 days are gone when the working man j could be starved at the whim of the capitalistic class." Emergency meetings of public ! ' bodies, both here and in Hamilton, 1 : followed quickly, and Toronto's large ! shipyards, which closed for the win- j ' ter several months ago, reopened al- j most overnight, while Scott military ! ' barracks in Hamilton, which has not : j used since the war, is now fully | ' equipped to give asylum, as well as 1 cue good meal a day, to destitute re- ' turned soldiers and civilians. Immediate work, including erection j • of public buildings and construction • ' of roads, is promised by provincial j : and municipal authorities in both 1 cities. The war veterans, however, 1 continue their demonstrations. Mondell Urges Cut in War Appropriations Washington, Dec. 28.—Republican j Floor Leader Mondell yesterday de clared amid applause from the house, i ' that we shall never be able to make adequate appropriations for internal improvements and other constructive government works unless we reduce the enormous total of the appropria- 1 tions carried in the army and navy bills. This year, he pointed out, we have : appropriated $845,000,000 directly for military and naval purposes, more than three times as much as in any ' pre-war year. "It is much more than we should appropriatae for the com ing fiscal year," he said, "and yet the war department is asking us for j $567,000,000 more." I \ Congressman Mondell criticized Secretary Baker for recruiting the ' army far beyond the number appro-! priated for by congress and declared ' it was the duty of congress to prevent I the secretary from squandering the' people's money by creating deficien- j 1 cies in violation of law. A deficiency of from 60 to a hundred millions in 1 the war department is an unwelcome : Christmas gift from Secretary Baker! to a congress harassed by financial troubles and beset by a business com munity demanding tax reduction. | This action of the secretary lends , point to Congressman Mondell's de-1 mand that congress cut the war ap-1 I propriations not only below the i ' bloated estimates just submitted but' below the swollen figures of the j ' | present year, so that funds may be i available for the constructive activi-1 ' I ties of the government. The Wyo- , ' ! ming representative who last spring j i strongly opposed universal military training because of its cost, has cut | out a large task for himself in trying to save anything for other govern-1 i ment work, in face of the voracious ' j demands of the army and navy. | Recovers Lost Memory Oakland, Cal., Dec. 29.—Albert Mc- Leod, -war veteran from Clinton, Wasb., recovered bis memory In Oak- I land last night and today was lament-1 ing that he had forgotten about Christmas. Suffering from an attack of as phasia, McLeod apparently had wan dered from his home at Clinton to Oakland since December 15. Last night he suddenly recovered his mem ory, found himself in a strange city, l and stopped a policeman to ask the name of the town. McLeod was taken in charge today by the American Legion. Smoke CHALLENGE 100 Cigar. Frank Johnston and wife took Christmas dinner with his mother and two sisters in Los Angeles. EVERETT, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 81, 1920 THE CENTR AL LABOR COUNCIL Wednesday, Dec. 29, 1920. President Michel called the Coun cil to order at 8 p. m, Jarre Sullivan, general secretary of the Cooks and Waiters, sent a long and humorous letter of holiday greet inn to the Council. Head and filed. In compliance with a request <>f the Council the Everett. Trades Building Association sent in a copy of its min utea of its last meeting. A record of the action of the hoard denying • the use of halls in the Labor Temple to organizations antagonistic to the American Federation of Labor caused adverse criticism from several dele gates. The minutes were filed. Minutes of the Tacoma and Seattle Central Labor Councils were read and filed. Preliminary Report of the Industrial Code Com mission. The Council received advance i sheets of the preliminary report of j the Industrial Code Commission. Or dered printed In the Labor Journal. ' It follows: The Industrial Code Commission has been receiving many requests for : the findings and recommendations that this Commission intends to make to the state legislature. Although this Commission, in the short time at its disposal, has not fully covered the scope of the important work assigned to it, the members have arrived at I some conclusions and will present 1 them, together with recommendations and a proposed law, at the coming session of the legislature. In order that the public and those interested in the problems of industrial rela tions may have full opportunity to consider, discuss and criticise these recommendations we are making a brief preliminary public report of the findings, and a digest of the impor tant features of the proposed law. A detailed final report and copies of the proposed bill will be printed and cir culated later. The Industrial Code Commission was created by the authority of chap- I ter 184, laws of 1919. Its duties were to investigate the problems of ! industrial relations and to propose a i law with a view to avoid industrial \ disputes, strikes, lockouts, etc. The commission was a year late in get ting started on account of resigna tions of appointed-members and test lof constitutionality in the courts, but once fully organized the members !of the Commission conscientiously i studied and investigated the prob -1 lems from all angles. The Commis- I sion has studied carefully the efforts lof other commissions, the laws of all i the states and nations and their re sults. In addition it has had numer- I ous public and private conferences ! with organized labor, employers and I other citizens in all parts of the ! state. Based on the information at [ hand the Commission has so far unanimously come to the following conclusions: 1. That the present state labor agencies and commissions dealing with labor and industrial problems should be consolidated and that there should be more co-ordination and less duplication in their work. 2. That all such labor agencies in this state should function under one department. 3. That this department should be removed from politics as far as pos sible and should consist of men who are fair-minded and are sincerely in terested in this work. 4. That there should be state ma chinery or agencies to deal solely with industrial relations. 5. That anti-strike laws or com pulsory arbitration is not the ulti mate solution of industrial disputes. (i. That industrial courts with mandatory powers, such as the Kan sas Court of Industrial Relations is still in the experimental stage and that it would be more profitable for this state to study and observe this experiment rather than to adopt such principles at this time. 7. That the encouragement and furnishing of facilities by the state for encouragement of local industrial councils, adjustment boards, etc., within the industries and in the local communities will secure more indus trial peace than the extension of gov ernmental authority over them. 8. That the energy of the depart ment, if created, should be directed toward preventing industrial dis putes and the adjustment of these differences before they reach the strike antl lockout stage. 9. That in cases of disputes in volving public utilities and industries affecting public interest it should be mandatory upon such a department to investigate impartially and make public reports promptly. 10. That the legislature should enact a law during its present session embracing the foregoing recommen dations. In order to carry out these recom mendations and conclusions we have endeavored to incorporate them into a proposed law and create machinery to put them into effect in this state. Consolidation. All the parties seem to have unani mously recommended that the pres ent agencies be consolidated in order to secure more co-ordination and less duplication of work, at the same time more economy and efficiency. In line with these ideas we propose put ting all the approximate 15 agencies now dealing with labor and indus- , tries in 'one single department of | labor and Industries with three sub- j divisions, towit: 1, Industrial Insur- Met. 2, Safety. 3, Industrial Re- i lations. To these sub-divisions are assigned those agencies whose functions log ically fall there. In addition the functions of several other state agen cies can be operated by this same machinery. The proposed consolida- Uon is as follows: DEPARTMENT OF LABOR AND INDUSTRIES (In charge of director) DIVISIONS <Hi BUREAUS 1. Industrial Insurance — Includ ing present functions of: State Safet> Board. Factory, Mill and Hotel Inspectors, Steamboat, Electrical Construction, etc., Inspectors. State Mine Inspector and Deputy. Slate Board of Examiners. Examining Board. .'!. Industrial Relations Includ ing present functions of: Labor Commission (except safety I. Mediation Boards. Industrial Welfare Commission, Minimum Wage Conferences (for women). Bureau of Statistics. Personnel The director or person jin charge of the entire department |ot labor and industries is appointed by the governor with the aid and ad vice of the senate. He is responsible ' for the success of this department. He in turn appoints the persons in charge of the three sub-divisions and the heads of each of these sub-divi sions appoints his assistants and em ployees with whom he works. It is a businesslike arrangement with the responsibility definitely fixed through out. We have not attempted to change the substantive law or functions of these agencies except in the Indus trial relations. Industrial Relations — The princi pal findings of the Commission are incorporated in the conclusions relat ing to industrial relations. We have proposed a division or bureau with three sub-divisions as follows: Division or bureau of industrial re lations. 1. Mediation, conciliation, arbitra tion etc. 2. Industrial statistics. 3. Women in industry. Mediation, Conciliation, Arbitra tion, etc.—This sub-division is in charge of a state mediator and as sistants. Their duties are to actively encourage ami assist in the forma tion of, in all communities and in dustries, local adjustment boards, in dustrial councils, etc., to meet local conditions, and thus tend to prevent industrial differences from reaching the acute stage, and also to offer their own services as mediators in cases of industrial disputes. In dis putes affecting public utilities and industries affecting the general pub lic interest it is mandatory for them to investigate and make prompt pub lic reports. Industrial Statistics—This sub-di- : vision is in charge of an industrial statistician with such assistants, ex- [ ports, etc., as may be necessary to > carry on this branch of the work. It is their duty to gather industrial sta- 1 tistics that may be needed for use by i the mediation, conciliation and adjust ment boards or by any department having need of industrial statistics, j They are also required to compile such reports and statistics to conform as far as possible to the plans and reports of the United States Depart ment of Labor. Women in Industry—This sub-di vision is in charge of a supervisor of women in industry. She has charge of the supervision and administration and enforcement of laws respecting women in industry. We have also proposed that she be the executive secretary and member of the body | performing the functions of the In dustrial Welfare Commission. Industrial Welfare Commission — This Commission in line with the con solidation features of these recom- t Continued on Page 4) Union Ex-Service Men Warn Florida Thugs Tampa, Fla., Dec. 25.—The 1,500 union cigar makers who took part in the world war and are now resisting the attempt of cigar manufacturers to deunionize this industry, have given notice to these employers and other business men that their bluff and coercion will not be tolerated. The ex-service men are members of the Cigar Makers' union. In an attempt to drive back to work the 12,000 cigar makers a committee of self-appointed business men called at strike headquarters and attempted to intimidate officials in charge. In an open letter to these thugs the ex-service men call attention to the principles they fought for in F ranee. "We are just as loyal to these principles now as we were then, and certainly we do not propose to de sert our leaders in a fight for a just cause as result of threats and bull dozing intimidation of a handful of men acting for the manufacturers under the guise of 'the citizens' com mittee." "We also want to inform you that when you attempt to carry into exe cution your threat against certain members of the unions and their in ternational representative you will find these 1,500 ex-service men as persistent in their opposition as they were in their defense of just prin ciples in France. "We do not seek trouble, indus trially or otherwise, but, upon the contrary, will endeavor to promote peace, harmony and progress upon all occasions anil it is upon this basis that we now pledge our best efforts against such illegal and disturbing elements as 'the citizen's commit tee.' " The Carmen's Union Social and Dinner The Railway Carmen's union gave a very enjoyable social and dinner at Red Men's hall last Wednesday eve ning. An interesting feature of the entertainment was the presentation to Brother Percy B. Tyler, local rep resentative on the National Execu tive Board, of a substantial Christ mas present consisting of a purse containing $500. It is "a grand and glorious feel in'" to be thus honored by one's fellow workmen, and Broth er Tyler is certainly deserving of the respect and high regard of the carmen. There were 29 fatal accidents re ported to the Industrial Insurance Department during the month of No vember, two of which occurred in Snohomish County. George Beatty, working for Ilaekett Mill Co., Ed monds, and Avery Price, working for the Sound Timber Co., Darrington. Smoke OLYMPIC 10c Cigar. Look for the label under the sweat band when you buy a hat. "WHAT HAS THE WORKER A RIGHT TO EXPECT OF INDUSTRY? ' —LAUCK SPEECH OK W. JETT LAUCK, to> mer Secretary National War La bor Hoard, before a meeting of the National Consumers' League at a dinner at Belleveue Stratford Ho tel, Philadelphia, Pa.. 7 P..M., November 18th, 1920. SUBJECT: "What has the Worker a Right to Expect of Indutry?" In any consideration of the ques tion, "What has the workei a right to expect of industry,' we must as sume general recognition ami ac ceptance of the fundamental social right of labor—the right to an op portunity to work. Orderly society must afford opportunities of em ployment to its great constituent element, the workers, and that form of society which does not do this has something inherently wrong with it that must be corrected, eith er by unemployment insurance, or measures for the regularization of employment. Conceded this social right, the in dustrial rights of the workers arc elementary. 1. The worker has a right to a livin'i wage—i wage that will en able him to li\e and to support his family according to American stand ards of living in health and a rea sonable degree of comfort. 2. The worker has a right to a basic day us short as commensurate with maximum efficiency ami maxi mum production. 3. The worker has a right to rec ognition as a so-called part of in dustry, and, as the result of this recognition, entitled therefore, to a : voice in the control of industry and j its operation. This embraces the I right of the workers to organize ; and to bargain collectively with his employer through representatives of his own choosing, and his right to a share in the proceeds of industry I over and above his wage in pro ! portion to his productive efficiency. These rights of the worker are I predicated upon his being considered ' and treated as a social being. Labor |is no longer regarded as a more , commodity, to be dealt with on the j basis of the law of supply and de- I mand, to be exploited mercilessly, or >to be exploited intelligently and pa- I tronizingly by self-appointed over lords of industry. That industry ; which does not or can not yield its 1 workers a living wage is unsocial, j and has no economic or ethical j right to exist, and that industry I which requires of its workers un- I duly long hours is destructive and may also be classed as inimical to the best interests of society as a whole. As a rule such industries as these which take advantage of and ex ploit their workers, are equally un scrupulous in the tribute they levy upon the general public in the way of high prices and unjustifiable profits. There is no better concrete illustration of this than is to be found in the anthracite coal in dustry, the control of which cen ters in this city and the mining operations of which are within a short distance. When the anthracite miners pre sented their wage demands and oth er grievances to the commission appointed by President Wilson they exposed a condition of affairs shock ing to all right thinking men and women. They showed that miners and their families wore living un der housing and community condi tions which were deplorable to say the least. The earnings of heads of families in the coal mines were found to be inadequate. In order to supplement the family income, or the earnings of husbands and fathers, the wives and children of the miners were forced into the silk mills, the shirt factories and the knitting mills that are to be found throughout the anthracite re gion, some of which have been de liberately developed there to take advantage of the necssities of the mine workers and their families. Forty per cent of the wives of the anthracite miners either kept board ers and lodgers or were employed for wages, and approximately 28 per cent of the families wore de pendent upon the earnings of chil dren. Evidence was also offered to show the monopolistic control and monopolistic profits of the anthra cite industry, and that the industry could pay a living wage without increasing the price of coal to the consumer, but this evidence was bar red from consideration on the tech nical grounds that it was not ger mane to the arbitration. The an thracite operators took the position that the matter of their profits was none of the public's business, and to date they have been permitted to get away with this amazing arro gance. Those familiar with the proceed ings will recall that one operator testified that he knew $3.34 per day to be a living wage because he know miners who lived and supported their families on that amount. He admitted that the wives and children "helped." Another operator declar ed that the budgets of living re quirements presented on behalf of the miners were not fair because they did not take into consideration "opportunities for growing food stuffs in gardens, for securing fresh eggs from the worker's own flock of chickens, for fresh milk and cream and butter from coins owned by the workers, for fresh an open country and independent living. , which are afforded without cost to I the workers in many sections ol the ■ anthracite region." He did not sug gest, however, that the operators might be content with a smaller margin of profit because of their in comes from outside investments. The Commission gave the miners a wage increase that increased the cost of a ton of anthracite coal ap | proximately 50 cents. Before the Commission began its hearings, how [ ever, the operators had advanced the I price of coal $1 per ton in anticipa tion of any possible wage Increases, j and during the arbitration anil sub sequent to it the price was still fur ther advanced until today in Phila PUBLISHED IN THE INTEREST OF ORGANIZED LABOR delphia the public is paying a price lor anthracite that is at least. .¥3.2") in excess of a fair price. And yet the operators tell you that it is not a matter of public interest which controls the anthra cite industry, or what its profits, direct or indirect, amount to! They explain the abnormally high price of coal by placing the responsibility on "a few independent Operators. Those few independent operators must bo handling all the coal pro duced by the industry for the pub lic is paying top prices for all the coal that is sold. This is a representative example as to how the failure to secure a living wage is productive of discon tent, reduced output, and of serious loss to the public through recurrent dislocation- in the industry. I would suggest that the import ant thing at this critical stage in i the affairs of this nation and of the world is that we proceed in orderly fashion to establish guarantees by which the worker will be protected ill those rights Which have been enumerated as elementary, and by which the public interest will be safeguarded against an autocracy of capital or an autocracy of labor. The first step in this direction, I believe, should be the establishment of an industrial code defining the fundamental principles to govern all relations in industry on the basis of fair dealing to labor, fair deal ing to capital and fair dealing to the- public. President Wilson's first industrial conference in October, 1919, which was to have accomplished some such purpose as this, failed because the employer's group would not accept a definition of collective bargaining submitted by the labor group and approved by the public group. The President's second conference adapt ed a program for the adjustment of industrial controversies and recom mended the establishment of an elab orate series of boards or adjust ment agencies, but it failed to rec ommend the principles or basis of adjustment which should underlie the deliberations of these boards, al though such principles were dis cussed in the report. The Senate ; Committee on Labor now has before jit a proposal submitted by Senator Konyon, of lowa, which contemplates both the establishment of the code and the creation of machinery ade quate to apply it. Real progress in this direction de ponds essentially upon an aroused and militant public opinion that de mands and will have industrial peace, for constructive action by the Congress is essential. Increased production of our farms, our mines and our mills is absolutely I essential if the nation is to recover from the disastrous effects of the world war, discharge its interna tional obligations and realize its World wide opportunities. Increased production is impossible—unthink able — unless we have reasonably satisfied anil contented workers in every field of industry. This means the prevention of strikes and dislo cations and the maintenance of in dustrial peace. It is the judgment of statesmen, of economists and of intelligent leadership of both capital and labor that there can be no per manent industrial peace until there has boon defined and promulgated by legislative action a Magna Char ta of industry or a bill of industrial rights which can be used on a basis of procedure, and which would lie j mandatory upon the deliberations | and arbitration of wage adjustment boards. At the close of the war it was : thought that the way was open for j such action through voluntary agree | ment between capital and labor. Our own experience during the war in j the application of the principles or I code which was at the basis of the 'work of the National War Labor Board, had led to the belief that , such a constructive program could be adopted as the basis of the pro duction of which the world was in ;so grievous need after the cessation of hostilities. Moreover the enlight ened opinions of the leading indus ; trial and commercial nations of the ' world had given its sanction to ! these same principles in the labor j provisions of the Treaty of Peace, ' and they had received further sanc tion from the reconstruction pro nouncement of churches, both Cath olic and Protestant, without regard to denomination. But the golden opportunity was lost. The spirit of co-operation be tween capital and labor gradually disappeared. It was replaced by open conflict. The lines are now be ing drawn for industrial warfare on tn unprecedented scale. Public opinion can alone save the situation, The public always has been and will continue to be the sufferer from industrial conflicts It should act, therefore, in its own interest by the establishment of wage adjustment agencies, and the formulation of an industrial code or series of principles which would be mandatory upon the deliberation of such agencies, and those principles, or code, should guarntoe and safe guard both labor and capital in their fundamental rights as factors of production. This program. 1 believe, would protect industry from the arbitrary control of either capita! or labor, and make possible a larger measure of industrial democracy. At the same time it would also advance the wellbeing of the general public, for the reason that it would, by stimu lating the co-operative effort of capital and labor, increase the pro ductive efficiency of industry as a whole. Smoke BLUE RIBBON U Cigar. Demand the label on everything you buy. Ask the teamster to show his card when he delivers anything at your house. Nurnliei )IG.