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EVERETT CENTRAL LABOR COUNCIL VOL. XXX. HE OFFICIAL BULLETIN OF THE WN. STATE FEDERATION OF LABOR MINERS' CONVENTION AGREES TO COMMISSION The state convention of the miners' union, which was in session at Seattle, Friday, Saturday and Sunday of last week, unanimously accepted the proposition of State Director of Labor and Industry Clifford for the creation of a Commission to investigate the present strike controversy, frhe Commission will he similar to that formerly created by the National [Bituminous Coal Commission and will be composed of two coal operators, two representatives of the miners and a mining engineer. I The Commission will make a thoro investigation of mining conditions in the state and the cost of both production and distribution and submit its findings, with such recommendations as it cares to make, to both (sides, subject to their ratification. A joint conference of miners and operators will be called to hear the report of the Commission when it conclude* its work. It is distinctly understood that the award of the r mnmission will not be binding on either side and must be mutally accepted by both sides. The miners convention unanimously chose Robert H. Harhn, former president of the district, and Earnest Newsham, present secretary, as theft representatives on the commission. The coal operators have selected N. D. Moore, of the Pacific Coast Coal Co., and Daniel J. Buckingham, of the Roslyn Fuel Co., as their representatives. All four men served on the former commission that effected a settlement of a similar controversy ever a year ago. James H. Alport, a nationally known mining engineer, of Pennsylvania, who also served on the former commission as the fifth member, has again agreed to serve in the same capacity. The commis sion will start its functions only on the arrival of Mr. Alport from the east. It is expected that a month or six weeks time will be occupied by the commission before any recommendations are made. The miners convention formulated a definite policy for the equitable distribution of relief, and disposed of all other business that came before it by unanimous vote, including the adoption of the recommenda tion for the commission. The commission will not conduct any investigation at mines where no controversy now exists, but will confine its activities to the mines now closed down. A new local of Asbestos Workers has been organized at Spokane, by J N Northway, and has affiliated with the State Federation. The Seattle Auto Mechanics local also affiliated with the Federation during the past week. Arrangements are being made for the Twentieth Annual Convention of the State Federation of Labor, which will be held at Vancouver, Wash ington commencing July 11th. Within a few days a circular letter will be addressed to all affiliated unions in the state giving detailed informa tion regarding hotel rates, et cetera, so that hotel accommodations can be arranged for in advance. Health Must Be Taught Washington, May 21. — Health must be taught to children, that they may avoid the prejudices and superstitions of adults, says Dr. L. Kmmett Holt, in a pamphlet issued by the United States bureau of edu cation. "A knowledge of the laws of health is not instinctive," it is stat ed. "Health is a vital subject which must be taught. About the laws of life and health we know only what we have learned either from our own experience or from that of others. Some of this health knowl edge represents family practices or racial customs. Much of it is based on prejudice or even superstition, or upon ideals long proven by mod ern science to be entirely erroneous. "The economic value of health to an individual or a nation we have been slow to grasp. Not only is there a premature and an unneces sary sacrifice of life, but there is a very short period of full physical efficiency in the life of the average individual. This has been estimat ed by an authority on life insurance to be only 10 years." Canned Interviews Used By Employers Indianapolis, May 21.—As part of ! a campaign against the 44-hour | * week now being enforced by the | printing trades unions, employers have organized the National Forty eight-Hour League, and are issuing "canned interviews" to their mem bers with instructions to insert the name of some prominent business man and hand to newspapers. This publicity method has been worn thread bare by press agents for prize fighters, razor blades, barb wiic fencing and patent medicines. The Typographical Journal prints ihe first "canned interview," which is the usual argument against bet tering conditions that is so well known to organized workers. Accompanying the "canned inter view" are these instructions to all leaf ue affiliates: "We are sending herewith copy of a strong interview for your local newspapers. "In order to give it a local news \alue, you will please arrange to have a prominent man in your membership agree to give this in terview to the press. "Have the manuscript re-copied, inserting his name and the name of his firm. Then call in the report era, hand each one an original copy (not a carbon copy) of the talk, and good publicity will result. "It would be advantageous to have this interview appear on a day when you are not running a paid display advertisement. ' Attend to this at once. Other interviews, which are to be handled in the same way, will come along later. But lose no time in arrang ing for the publication of this mat ter. "Every line of publicity obtained now is most valuable in that it will influence public opinion now —when such effect will have the most good." Cut Freight Rates On Certain Things CHICAGO, May 24.—Reduction of freight rutes on certain com modities approximating 20 per ecnt has been decided on by all trans continental railroads west of Chi cago, it was announced today by C. W. White, freight traffic mana ger of the Southern Pacific rail way. The public would like to know what these commodities are and why the railroads made the cut. A. H. Montgomery of Seattle has purchased the "Jack O'Lantern" Cafe from receiver James M. Ver non and will open to the public in ten days. Smoke OLYMPIC CLUB 10c cigar. RRIEF NOTES Commissioners Are Doing Right Thing The County Commissioners re jected all bids for building two bridges as being too high and will do the job themselves. The county will construct two bridges by day labor, it was an nounced Tuesday. One of them will be on the Dubuque-Lake Roesi ger road, and the other on the Mon roe-Sultan road. Bids for the con struction of these structures were rejected by the commissioners on Monday as being too high. The commissioners awarded Sam uel K. Sorenson of Mukilteo con tract for the replacing of bridge No. 117-B, on the Everett-Mukilteo road with a fill. His bid was $2,700. Six bids for the construc tion of a bridge and seven for the placing of a fill were entertained by the commission. "Speed-Up" System Rejected By House Washington, May 21.—The house refused to legalize the Taylor "speed-up" systems while discussing the army appropriation bill. The defenders of the system were Con gressmen Underhill (Mass.) and Blanton (Texas). The former sells hardware and recently received a little cheap notoriety by an attack ion President Gompers and the trade union movement. He exhibited the same intelligence in discussing thfj "speed-up" system when he ac knowledged he knew nothing about It. Congressman Blanton made his stereotyped speech, when matters concerning labor are being consid ered. Congressman Nolan, member of the Iron Holders' union, challenged any colleague to read the commit tee hearings on this proposition and then defend it on the floor of the house. "You can not apply this sort of a system to human beings," said the trade unionist. "You can not time them as you time a horse or a dog on a coursing park or the athlete on the cinder paUi, who trains for a particular race or game. You have got to give some consideration io the human element involved in industry." Congressman Hull called atten tion to a letter written by the pres ent president of the American En gineering society, who originated the Taylor system, and who has since repudiated it. Opponents 'of the system said there was not a manufacturer in the country who was using it, and that it has been completely discredited except by those who want a job holding a stop wntch. "Are you going to measure effi ciency by a stop-watch system?" asked Congressman Tague (Mass.) "There is not a man who has ever I hai! men in his employ in great number who has ever applied the stop watch system without finding out that it not only broke down the efficiency of his men, but it also broke down the morale of his men. "The gentleman from Texas (Mr. Blanton) says it ought to go into effect He does not tell you why. He can not tell you why." Denver officialdom and corpor ationdom has given the cold should er to the entertainment of the Am erican Federation of Labor Conven tion which will meet in that city on the 13th of June. This is good. No labor convention can afford to receive the hospitality of the class of men who aided in the brutal treatment of the street car strikers in that city recently. The conven tion will be held and the delegates will be recipients of whatever hos pitality the good citirens may ex tend. The guy at the listening post i* preparing a report on an earful of stuff he heard, it is said. If h« knows anything he saw or heard about the sheriff's office, will he or won't he spit it out for public good? The guy surely has a mouthful of it. 3Tlt£ SJabor Journal COURT HEARS MOONEY AGAIN Is Allowed to Address Court In Own Rehalf. SAN FRANCISCO, May 24.— Arguments in the legal proceed ings for a writ of audita querela, through which freedom and a new trial are sought for Thomas Mooney, under life sentence at San Quentin for the preparedness day bombing in 191G here were con cluded today before Superior Judge Harold Louderback without the presence of Mooney. The former labor leader was re turned to San Quentin last night, but not before he had made a dra matic personal appeal in his own behalf. Rising to his feet just after a brief recess late yesterday, and be fore atorneys for either side of the proceedings were aware what was happening, Mooney requested per mission from the court to make a statement. Judge Louderback grarTted him permission and Mooney forcefully plead that Earl Hatcher be per mitted to take the stand in order to prove "not that perjury had been committed, but that a criminal con spiracy existed to send me to prison." Hacher was not permitted to testify in the writ proceedings, but last night he went before the grand jury and told his story. As a re sult, it was reported today that Frank C. Oxman, Oregon cattle man, may be re-indicted for per jury. Hatcher is declared to have testified that Oxman, one of the star witnesses against Mooney, was not in San Francisco at the time of the bomb explosion, arriving there three hours after it had occurred. He is understood to have declared that Oxman was in Woodland, Cal., and at Hatcher's home up until 2 p. m. of the day of the explosion. It is understood that District At torney Matthew Brady had uncov ered corroborative evidence of Hatcher's statement. No decision in the proceeding for a writ in audita querela will be handed down for several days, Judge Louderback indicated today. Printing Trades 44-Hour Bulletin NUMBER FOUR Indianapolis, May 1(1. —We con tinue to receive encouraging reports on introduction of forty-four-hour week. Representative Stoney wires: "Set tled strike in Victoria today. Men return to work; forty-four week with forty-seven hours' pay." Dcs Moines, lowa, signed up in full. Representative Ryan reports Re gina, Sask., signed up in complete victory. Various unions report signing of individual offices. The open-shopners who expected to defeat the I. T. U. and establish fifty-hour week in printing indus try are meeting defeat. Watch for further bulletins from this office. By order Executive Council Inter national Typographical Union. J. W. HAYS, Secretary-Treasurer. NUMBER FIVE May 19, 1921.—G00d reports still coming in from all directions. Following cities signed up in full since last Bulletin was issued: Lafayette. Ind. Warren, Pa. New Britain, Conn. Woodland, Cal. Newport, R. I. Bakersfield, Cal. Port Huron, Mich. Ponca City, Okla. White Plains, N. Y. Petersboro, Ont. Marion, 111. Sydney, N. S. Moncton, N. B. Marion, Ind. (except one shop; one man). Nashviile signed up office of nine men. Florence, Ala., practically all signed up. Coshocton, Ohio, signed two good offices. In letter from Secretary Williams of Stillwater (Minn.) Union No. 432, the following appears: "We have adopted the forty-four hour week in our shop, the Wash ington County Post. It makes life a little bit sweeter. Thanks to the good work of the I. T. U." Following is the condition of the strike today: Number of unions where strikes are in effect 214 Married men (typographical) on strike roll 4,022 Single men typographical) on strike roll 1,933 Apprentices on strike roll 653 Total drawing benefits 7,422 Many employers are evidently making special efforts to continue struggle to June 1 in order to de tertaine value of strike insurance. By order Executive Council Inter national Typographical Union. J. W. HAYS, Secretary-Treasurer. Private Soldiers and Sailors Dance and Entertainment An entertainment and dance will lie given in Normana Hall, tomor row Saturday evening, May 28. There will be short speecehes. literary and musical numbers, danc ing and refreshments, the latter served by the Women's Comfort Club. An all 'round good time is ex pected at this entertainment and all who attend will surely enjoy it. An admission of 55c will be charged and the ladies will be asked to bring a nickel for war tax. EVERETT, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, MAY 27, 1921 TAKE PROFITS OUT OF WAR AND WARS WILL END Washington, May 21.—Take the profit out of war and conscript wealth as well as men and this will be a more effective peace move ment than all the Hague arbitra tion courts combined, said Congress man Knight of Ohio, in discussing the army appropriation bill. In urging his amendment to the hill that would authorize the gov ernment to manufacture its war ar mament, the law maker made this reply to a colleague who favored peace, but not the amendment: "When this country goes to real universal conscription and conscripts labor along with the youth of this country, and conscripts wealth along with the fighting forces of the' country, nnd when you shall call to the colors first those between 30 j and 50, and when you shall make it impossible that 18,01)0 millionaires I shall arise out of the hell of war, as have arisen out of this conflict, I then I say to you, sir, that the day y_ou mention will have arrived. "It is to strike at the profit of war, not at the means of defense, that I offer this amendment; and I say to you gentlemen that until this country begins its fight against war all along the line, all the dreams of Hague conventions and j international assemblages will be but vain whisperings of the air, and : we will continue ot hear voices and j to speak language which munition makers can understand. "But the day you show to men that they cannot profited- and coin money out of the blood of this country, and grow rich and fat and prosperous in the hours of its ad versity, I say until that day ar rives you will have the conditions that you have today. It is to strike at these conditions, rather than in any hope that this amendment will be adopted, that I offer it." Congressman Knight's prediction that his amendment would be de feated was verified by a vote of 57 to 72. FOR WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION DIST. COLUMBIA Hearings now in progress on the Fitzgerald-Jones Workmen's Com pensation bill have developed an acute line-up of insurance com panies and attorneys against the measure, with civic and labor or ganizations as the advocates. This particular bill is being contested especially because, since it applies to the 100,000 working men and wo men in private employ in the Dis trict of Columbia, and is therefore a subject of Congressional instead of state action, it is regarded both by proponents and opponents as nation-wide in influence and signi ficance. The bill is modeled on the Ohio State law for workmen's com pensation which requires employers to pay their insurance premiums into a state fund. Compensation is pro vided at the rate of 2-3 of the week ly wages, with a maximum of $25 a week, and a waiting period of three days. The hearings are being conducted by a subcommittee of the Commit tee on the District of Columbia, with Representative R. G. Fitzgerald of Ohio, sponsor of the bill, chair man of the subcommittee, Represen tative Charles L. Underhill of Mass achusetts, and Representative Charles F. 0. O'Brien of New Jersey mem bers. In advocacy of the bill the committee has heard representatives ,of the American Association for La bor Legislation, various organized trades, the National Catholic Wel fare Council, the National Women's Trade Union League, and T. J. Duffy, chairman of the Ohio State Compensation Commission. Among the opponents of the measure are F. Robertson Jones in charge of the "Workmen's compensation pub licity bureau" of the casualty in-1 surance companies of the United States, Elliot H. Goodwin, vice-pres ident of the United States Cham ber of Commerce, insurance men and attorneys connected with the fraternal insurance societies, the Washington Board of Trade, Cham- j her of Commerce and the Merchants ' and Manufacturers Association. The opposition contends that the state fund insurance feature of the bill is "socialistic, communistic and bolshevistic" and is objected to be cause it would prevent the insur ance companies from writing the kind of insurance which this law creates. Advocates of the bill con tend that the exclusive state fund plan is necessnry for the protection of the injured worker against the superior resources of the insurance companies who would otherwise have a financial interest in disput ing his claim. Of the 100,000 wage workers in the District of Columbia who would be affected by the bill, about a fifth are women. The District of Columbia has thus far had no form of workmen's compensation and not even an accident reporting law. Jumped Their Board | Four men, Joe James and J. B. White, under life sentence in the I penitentiary, and Joe Dunn and R. J. Ward, charged with attempted robbery and burglary respectively, escaped from the county jail iast Sunday night nnd made their get -1 away. Extra precautions have been taken to prevent further escapes. That's closing the cage after the ; birds have flown. — Charley Goldthorpe and George Downey are making the Thrifteria's new front look fresh and green. Til CENTRAL LABOR COUNCIL Wednesday, May 25, 1921. Council called to order by Presi dent Michel at 8 p. m. Committee Reports The Private Soldiers and Sailors Legion Committee had nothing to report. Bro. Paid Ingold, secretary of the Legion, made an announce- ment of the entertainment to be given at Normana Hall, Saturday night, May 28. He said he hoped many members of organized labor would be present. The Women's Comfort Club will serve ice cream and other refreshments. The committee appointed to in terview the Star Amusement Com pany reported progress and was given further time. Reports of I n ions The Butchers had a good meet- I ing. They sent a committee to Se iat tie to visit with Local No. 85, of i which the Everett local is a branch. | The Cooks and Waiters elected j two delegates to the State Federa- tion Convention and two to the Culinary Alliance. Manning's Cof fee House, they wished it under stood, was still on the unfair list. The Lathers had a good meeting. The Stage Employees voted for State Federation officers and against holding a district confer ence this year. They now meet only once a month, the first Satur- day. The Printers reported good news from the 44-hour strike. They have ample funds to take care of all members on strike. The Sheet Metal Workers report* ed a warm meeting. Bro. Paul Ingold stated that the , Private Soldiers and Sailors' Legion ; had passed a motion inviting all | members of organised labor to visit the Legion meetings. • Freedom Impossible In Anti-Union Shop New York, May 21.—1n a pamph let on "The Open Shop, the Ameri can Plan of Employment," the Methodist Federation for Social Service says: "You think it means freedom for the non-union man. "Does it? In many places it means that he must sign a contract never to join a union; it means that he is continually watched by spies to see that he never becomes a union man; in the Alabama coal mines it means that he must live behind a stockade and get a pass every time a member of his family goes out. In West Virginia it means that he must be 'protected' from talking to union organizers by gun men and machine guns; it means that he must sign a lease, giving the company the right to come into his house at any time and throw out any guest, lest union men should come in. "Is this the kind of freedom the American flag stands for? "You think we are talking about the open shop at its worst! Well, take it at its best. "It means the absolute right of the employer to hire and fire. No discrimination! He is to run his busyjess without dictation. This is 'individual bargaining." In pioneer days it worked, but the employers are now almost entirely organized to bargain collectively. "We can't go back to the old days. Some one is trying to fool you! Today hiring men as individ uals in the big industries means hiring them on the terms the big corporations offer." FARMER-LABOR PICNIC JUNE 12 There will be a big picnic at Davis Grounds, Lake Stevens, under the auspices of the Farmer-Labor Party, on • Sunday, June 12, to which everybody and his wife are invited. % This will be a get-together, get acquainted affair, and every effort will be made to make it enjoyable for everybody. There will be a few good speech es, all kinds of sports, swimming and dancing. Bring your lune% or buy on the grounds; there will be plenty to eat and drink. Keep the date in mind and be there. DISC RUMINATING AGAINST YANKS In its petition for an injunction against picketing by the Associa two of Masters and Mates, Marine Cooks and Stewards, Mates and Pilot! of the Pacific, Marine Engi neers and Sailors' Union of the j Pacific, brought before the United Statea District Court in Seattle on I the 17th, the government alleges 1 that the sailors, through their "list ( system," , give preference to aliens and naturalized Americans over' native born seeking era -1 loyment. It is hard to believe this. Btlt if it be true, something should be done to change this rule or hab it. There has often been complaint that where aliens are in the ma jority, it is hard for an American to get a job when jobs are scarce. If this is found to be true and gen-. oral, it is good cause for putting up the bars against immigration, j Sign referendum petitions Nos. 14 and 15. If you don't you will waste wind and energy in kicking because the vicious primary law amendments h:ive robbed you of your political rights. Leave the railroads in the hands of "private" owners another six monthl and the watered stock won't look at good at 30 cents. Smoke BLUE RIBBON 5f Cigar. RAIL EXECUTIVES ASK ENSLAVING OF PUBLIC THAT ROADS MAY LIVE Kruttschnitt Says Roads Are Threatened With Bankruptcy, But Some of Them May He Able to "Hang On" END OF RAILROAD GRAFT IS NEAR "We are in the throes of death," Mr. .Julius Krutt schnitt. spokesmen for the Association of Railway Execu tives told the Senate Committee on Interstate Commerce. "A few of the roads may pull through, but I fear that many will be unable to solve their problems. That means insolvency and receiverships—and a very grave situation for the business of the nation." "Unless you can bridge the jjap between your ex penses and your incomes." Senator Cummins, joint author of the iniquitous transportation act, sadly replied, "you cannot continue for another year. That is plain, isn't it?" "Perfectly plain." admitted Julius Kruttschnitt. chairman of the hoard of the Southern Pacific. (By Charles M. Kelley) Declaring positvely that the rail roads of the country are in the "throes of death," and that only a few will be able to "hang on," the Association of Railway Executives, through its spokesman, Julius Kruttschnitt, chairman of the Southern Pacific board, presented new and amazing demands to the Senate Committee on Interstate Commerce, which is overhauling the entire railroad situation. These demands, called the "rail road's five points," are: 1. Lay tolls on the Panama Canal that will discourage traf fic and practically limit a government investment of $450,000,000 to war purposes. 2. Lay tolls on automobiles and trucks operated for prof it that will drive them off the highways built by the public at a cost of many hundred mil lions of dollars. 3. Discourage water trans portation by laying prohibitive tolls on its commerce. 4. Restore the old short and-long-haul practice, with its destructive discrimination. 5. Reduce wages of railroad workers. Faling to comply with these stipulations. Congress will he ex pected to provide these alternative remedies: Subsidy Is Alternative 1. Appropriate out of the public Treasury subsidies that will yield the railroads .the p*r cent guar anty of the Cummins-Esch Act. 2. The retention of existing freight and passenger rates and such increases as may be necessary to provide adequate operating costs. 3. Freedom from regulations that interfere with the "initiative" of railroad managers. It is putting it mildly to state that members of the Senate Com mittee, including Senator Cummins, joint author of the transportation act, where stunned by the audacity of the railroads* suggested solution of their problems. It was anticipat ed that the managers would appeal for continued government support, and some members of the commit tee were prepared to support legis lation appropriating funds for this purpose, but the) were not read) for anything so drastic and revolu tionary as is implied in the sug gestions that the public be driven from the highways and that the Panama Canal and other waterways be reduced to junk. After several days of close exam ination of Kruttschnitt, in which he answered clearly the questions he wanted to answer. Senator Cum mins admitted that he was worried. Private Control Challenged The situation as it was outlined by the authorized representatives j of the railroads, he said, challenged the permanency of private owner ship. He was frank enough to say that unless some way is found to increase revenues and reduce ex penses the railroad deficit "will nave to be met from the national treas ury." The testimony presented by the railroads convinced him and other memlM'rs of the commit tee that the railroads will not be able to survive under ex isting conditions even if wages of employes are cut below a starvation level. Kruttschnitt declared sorrowfully that after expenses are reduced the roads will still be short. "The out look is anything but encouraging extremely bail," he testified. "Some of the roads may be able to hang on. I am afraid, however, that many will lose their grip and go into bankruptcy." Nearly everything that can be done in the way of economies has already been done, he said. The big sav ings have been effected, and only a few odds and ends remain to be tackled. "The molasses is all out of the jug, and we admittedly are in a bad way," he confessed, and he couldn't "for the life of him" see how freight and passenger rates could be reduced, unless—and he emphasized this point—"the govern ment is prepared to make up what the roads will need to operate and pay an adequate return to capital." Railroad Head "Outraged" | Kruttschnitt regarded it as "out rageous" that the government should be in competition with the rali roads. The Panama Canal last year took $50,000,000 in freight rates that would have gone to the rail retdl had traffic through it been ! checked. Millions of dollars have | been expended in highway improve ' ments, thus encouraging transpor tation by motor trucks. and he thought this should be stopped. "It provokes me when a ten-ton I truck forces my automobile into the ditch, because it has freight that PUBLISHED IN THE INTEREST OF ORGANIZED LABOR should be carried by the railroads," he said. Water transportation is dead ly competition and the govern ment should protect the rail roads from it. He wouldn't say that the improvement of water courses should he abandoned as a national policy, but he con tended that tolls should be lev ied ag-iinst boats that would make it impossible for them to compete foi traffic. Business .Men An Assailed Business men came in for some severe denunciation by Kruttschnitt lie charged them with having launched a propaganda to force down freight rates, that "their prof its might be increased." They tire the real profiteers, he declared, the retailer being particularly named as chief offender. While wholesale j prices have declined substantially, j there has been but little change in j retail prices. This is just the re- verse of claims made before the Labor Board in urging wage cuts. It was brought out by Senator Cummins that during 1920 the rail roads had secured in revenues more than a billion dollars in excess of the 1919 revenues, and he warned Kruttschnitt to tell the committee what had been done with this money. The latter made a great deal of conversation, hut did not supply the information. Charts prepared by the Association of Railway Ex ecutives had. carefully avoided any reference to what Senator Cummins said was "the largest revenue in all the history of the United States." It was developed that the rail roads have filed or will file claims for undermaintenance during the period of Federal control that will if they are sustained bring total payments up to $2,500,000,000. Sen ator Cummins gave his own esti [ mate of the final cost as $1,800,000, --| 000, and followed it with the state ment that the situation was so se rious that private ownership seem ed to be in peril. Private Control Short Lived j liability of Kruttschnitt to give enlightenment on various questions I that held the interest of the com j mittee seemed to exasperate Sena tor Cummins, who declared time and again the witness was not giv ing information sought for the pur nose of enabling Congress to de termine whether it is possible t.i save private ownership of transpor tation. Unless the railroads are in a po sition to materially reduce costs of operation in ways other than at tacking wages of workers, or to increase income, which does not seem to be possible, they will, Sen ator Cummins declared, be unable to continue as they are now going. "If you can't do any better this year than you did last." he said, "you can't last very long. That is very plain, isn't, it?" "Quite plain," responds Krutt schnitt. There was evidence of dejection in the attitude of railroad repre sentatives, who ate attending the hearing in large numbers, when this admission was made. Cant Tell Where Money Goes The committee, Senator Cummins leading, made several efforts to se cure information as to the disposi tion of the 11369,000,000 increased operating revenue enjoyed by the railroads during 1920. Kruttschnitt and his advisers had many charts and graphs purporting to give full and complete data on every phase of railroad management, but they were significantly silent on material matters that were regarded as Im portant by the investigators. Kruttschnitt promised to get statistics bearing on the expenditure of the increased income and return ed with a statement that labor and material had consumed 1872,400,000 and increased service 1469,600,000, Senator Pomerene unsuccessfully tried to induce Kruttschnitt to say what proportion had gone to labor and how much to materials, and Senator Cummins got no better re sults when he requested the wit ness to explain what was meant by "increased service" to the public. Some trains had been added, he said, but later admitted that fewer were operated than during previous yea. s. The thought uppermost in the minds of the investigating Sena tors, as frequently disclosed by their queries, is how the railroads are going to make ends meet and preserve the fiction of private op eration of transportation. The U. S. Senate and House Com mittees on Civil Service have be- gun hearings on the reclassifica tion of the civil service in all de partments of the government ex cept the post office department, which was reclassified last year. Smoke CHALLENGE lltr Cigar. Number i.