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EVERETT CENTRAL LABOR COUNCIL VOL. XXX. THE OFFICIAL BULLETIN OF THE WN. STATE FEDERATION OF LABOR JUDGE GRIFFITHS MAKES IMPORTANT RULING IN MINERS' INJUNCTION CASE Austin E. Griffiths, Judge of the Superior Court at Seattle, dem onstrated last week that at least his court will uphold the law of the State and protect the constitu tional rights of the people. The injunction sought by the coal com panies was aimed to restrain the striking miners from peacefully persuading the non-union miners from taking their places in and around the mines. Mr. Halverstad, the notorious anti-labor attorney of the employ ers' association, made a terrifiee assault on the rights of the strid ing miners in support of the argu ment for the permanent restrain ing order, basing his argument, mainly on the supremacy before the law of property rights. Mr. Halverstad and his associate coun sel immediately gave notice of ap peal to the Supreme Court. One of the most important legal bat tles of recent years will be staged when the case comes before the State Supreme Court. There is no law on the statute books of the state prohibiting peace ful picketing and peaceful persua sion of strike breakers to desist taking the places of union men. Not only is there no law in the statutes to this effect, but when the Legislature of 1915 attempted to pass such a law, the people revolt ed against it, and through the initiative, held it up and had it referred to the voters at the next general election, when it was de feated by a majority of four to one. The notorious St. Germain de cision, handed down by the Su preme Court several years ago, pro hibiting peaceful picketing, has no foundation in the laws of our state, and most of the judges responsible for the decision have since been repudiated by the people and re moved from office. Judge Griffiths has both in the decision above referred to and in the general conduct of his court, done much to restore the confidence of the people in the fundamental justice of our judicial system, which in recent years has been so badly demoralized by the frequent flag rant abuse at the hands of so many of the courts of the constitutional guaranteed rights of the people. Judge Griffiths' splendid example should inspire the people to the necessity of electing more of his kind to administer impartially and justly the laws of our state. His decision, in full, follows: "Gentlemen, this case on both sides has been carefully prepared and ably presented. I doubt if any facts or any law relating to the subject matter of this partic ular branch of the case has been omitted, any fact or point of law in the minds of counsel bearing upon the particular issue before the court. A number of months ago a case was before me —I have for gotten the title of it—it may be on appeal—very much similarity between that case and this—that was a strike case involving some business plant on the water front of this city, and it was argued after submission of it, upon affi davits, but it was not argued, it wasn't presented so thoroughly as SEATTLE MAYOR TAKES UP UNEMPLOYMENT PROBLEM Mayor Hugh M. Caldwell, of Se attle, has decided that the acute unemployment problem now con fronting the City of Seattle, as well as the state generally, should at least as far as Seattle is con cerned be dealt with through the city government, and has named a commission to survey the problem and submit recommendations look ing towards relief. His letter, ad dressed to the members of the commission, follows: "Seattle, Sept. 17, 1921. "Messrs. Lawrence Bboth, Alvin H. Hankins, William Short, Josiah Collins, Frank Kinnear, Mrs. Henry Landes, Reverend Ambrose Bailey. "On account of statements as to existing unemployment in Seattle and probable increase of the same during the coming winter it has seemed desirable that Seattle make a survey of present and prospec tive unemployment and outline a plan of procedure for meeting the situation. "I have therefore appointed the above named as a committee and I trust that you will be able to serve thereon. "It is my idea that various agen cies in the city in touch with un employment will lay the facts and figures before you and that you may make your findings as to con ditions as they now exist and will probably exist the coming winter unless some action is taken to meet or prevent the same. 44-Hour Week in Australia and New Zealand Sidney, N. S., Sept. 10.—All paper mill employes in New South Wales have been granted the 44-hour week, the working time to be divided into 6 1-2 days. The same working condition will apply to coachmak ers, coach painters, coach trimmers, wheelwrights, metal workers on coaches and all laborers and as sistants in the coachmaking indus try. Brush and broom makers malt ing house employes and bridge and wharf carpenters also obtain the shorter work week. Practically all of the workers of Queensland, New Zealand and New South Wales are now on a 44-hour week basis. During the last ten years the la bor union membership in France increased from 977,000 to 2,500,000. oil}? ICahor 3)mmtal this case. And I have listened very attentively to both affidavits and arguments and citations, think ing that probably 1 ought to dis tinguish this case from that, and I listened very carefully because of the importance of the matter at issue not only to the miners and to the operators but to the gen eral public, of which of course the court is a part, and also because of the gravity of the situation up there and the gravity that is likely to attend any strike of any magni tude. In that case to which I refer I was unable to find a suf ficient showing to warrant the court in issuing a temporary in junction and I therefore refused to grant a temporary injunction. I am unable, gentlemen, to see any essential difference on the facts between that case and this one. I think the showing here is insuf ficient to entitle the plaintiff to a writ of injunction. It seems to me the injunction ought not to is sue without a clear showing of in timidation, coercion, violence or breach of the peace or imminent danger of the use of intimidation, coercion, violence or breach of the peace. Now, as I recall the facts in this case, there are practically only two instances of violence, one instance, as I recall, is where one of the affiants struck a striker, and another striker struck the af fiant and the affiant says that a deputy sheriff restored order, and the other instance is where a deputy sheriff himself struck a striker or a strike sympathizer. Those are the only two clear in stances or exhibitions of real vio lence. It is true that men may strike, and it is likewise true that workers —men —are entitled to work but strikers must know that that strike, if at all, deplorable as it is, must be carried on without resort to intimidation, coercion, violence or breach of the peace, and that if it is not carried on without re course to these extremes, the courts will rigorously enforce the law to maintain order and preserve the peace and to protect employers as against any act of a striker or strikers tending to a breach of the peace or constituting violence or in timidation or coercion. "I do not see from the facts disclosed that the sheriff's office is not able to control the situation up there and maintain order. There is nothing so far shown, it seems to me, to warrant the arm of the court of equity being extended there for or on account of the inability of the ordinary law of the land to protect the rights of both parties to this controversy. I think a court of equity ought to be reluct ant to supercede the ordinary law of the land. I think there ought to be some showing that there is not or cannot be afforded the protection that all citizens are en titled to whether they are in busi ness or not, whether they are op erators or miners. I think I am warranted in holding the showing for the time being is insufficient to warrant the issuance of the temporary injunction, and for that reason the restraining order will be dissolved." "I will be glad to lay before the committee such information as I have heretofore received and the course followed in other cities in meeting the situation. "During last winter no particular study was made of conditions and public funds were appropriated with the idea of furnishing some public employment and of relieving the distress and poverty. "It occurs to me, if conditions seem to require it, that we should take steps to provide some sort of employment for those willing to work rather than dispense the lim ited money that will be available purely as charity. An impartial investigation and recommendation by a representative committee should do much to enlist the in terest of all right-thinking people in solving the problem. "I suggest that you have a meet ing on Wednesday afternoon next at 2:00 o'clock, for the purpose of organizing and outlining the pro cedure to be followed. For this purpose you are extended the use of my office. My suggestion is that the first meeting be not a public meeting but one for the purpose of organizing the commit tee and the procedure to be fol lowed. "Yours very truly, "HUGH M. CALDWELL, "Mayor." Since writing the foregoing let ter, the name of John C. Mundy, President of the Seattle Central Labor Council, has been added to the Commission. SMALL COST OF "SHOE LABOR" Editor Baine of the Shoe Work ers' Journal "lifts the lid" on shoe prices, and in explaining why labor refuses to accept wage reduction in this industry he shows who is prof iteering. Before the war, he says, the labor cost of a pair of shoes retailing at $3.50 ranged around 60 cents. La ter this shoe sold as high as $12 and the labor cost advanced to $1 or 8% per cent of the retail price. "Shoes that retailed at $20 or over would show a still smaller per centage of labor • cost in propor tion to the selling price at retail," he says: "During the period of advance, shoe prices were made without rea son. The excuse given the consum ers was the high cost of material and labor. One man who paid $18 for a pair of shoes was blaming labor for it. He was asked what he supposed labor received for making that pair of shoes and he replied: 'Probably four or five dol lars.' When told that labor re ceived less than $1.30 he was as tounded. "For something over a year we have had a falling market for shoe materials. Prices for shoe mater ials now very nearly equal pre-war prices. Yet manufacturers and dealers seem unable to make shoe prices anywhere near pre-war levels. "A manufacturer said he wanted to make a shoe to sell to dealers at $6 to be sold at retail at $9, and would like a reduction in labor cost. The same shoe used to be sold to the retailer at $2.85 and re tailed at $4. Labor receives about 40 cents per pair more on that shoe. "Labor was asked to contribute from its 40 cents to help the manu facturer sell at $0.00, what he used to sell at $2.85, when his market for raw materials is nearly the same as before the war. "There are other instances of proposed reduction in labor cost that have no better foundation than the one just related. It is not strange that labor is not enthus iastic to co-operate for such ends. "These policies are among the causes of the public resentment against the shoe business that re sults in the jeering of a shoe man ufacturer on the floor of the House of Representatives at Washington. "We know there are circumstances somewhat extenuating, such as high rents, freight and other expenses, but still it is in order for manu facturers and dealers to introduce a little team work into their lead pencils. "Labor declines to be the goat for the public prejudice to pay the freight for margins that a few years ago would have seemed extremely extravagant." TYPOS APPROVE DISARMAMENT Also Indorse A. F. of L. Rail way Policy Indianapolis, Ind., Sept. 17.—The recent Quebec convention of the In ternational Typographical Union, upon the recommendation of the resolutions committee and by un animous vote, adoped a resolution favoring disarmament and govern ment ownership of the railways of the country. The resolution also gives "unqualified indorsement" to the action of the Denver convention of the American Federation of La bor in establishing in Washington an information and publicity service to help the labor movement. The typos urge printers to give close attention to the recommendations of the A. F. of L. relating to school text books. The International Typographical Union is a pioneer among labor or ganizations in pushing agitation for government ownership and control of the telegraph system, beginning its propaganda in favor of this policy in the nineties. Willing to Take Losses; Want No Prying Receiver Baltimore, Septi. 17.—Represen tatives of a majority of the policy holders in the Employers' Mutual Insurance and Service Company, the strike insurance concern which the state insurance department charges to be insolvent and unable to meet its obligations, and for which a re ceiver has been asked, have peti tioned the court to ' postpone the hearing on the receivership appli cation for 30 days. They want time to work out a plan of reorganiza tion, declaring that they do not de sire a receivership, being willing to stand their losses in order to keep the company going. The com mittee of the majority policy hold ers is composed of three employing printers, two of whom locked out their workmen May 2. A receiver ship for the company may mean that the methods of the concern in at tempting to break strikes will be investigated, hence the purpose of these employers in opposing the proceedings. The state insurance department has examined the fi nancial affairs of the company and has reported to the court that the concern is insolvent, having liabili ties exceeding assets by more than a million dollars. The employers opposing the receivership evident ly hope to uncover an angel to square accounts in the event the court g/ants the 30-day postpone ment. MILK PRICES DOWN Spokane, Sept. 21. — The retail price of milk, distributed to con sumers, was cut to 10 cents a quart by private concerns today to meet a like price put into effect here last Sunday by a co-operative association of producers. One large distributing company only retained a price of 11 cents. So the Inland Empire Producers' Association made them come down from 14 cents. Farmers Leaving U. S. Winnipeg, Sept. 10.—The Cana dian Department of Immigration re ports that during the year 1920, 20,398 settlers entered Canada from the United States via ports in western Canada and that 75 per cent of them located on farms. Wealth estimated at $7,759,083 and effects valued at $2,322,745 were brought in with them. Smoke CHALLENGE 10C Cigar. EVERETT, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 2?,. 1921 THROW LIGHT ON GRAFTERS St. Louis Building Tradesmen Smoke Out Profiteers. St. Louis, Mo., Sept. 17. — Local building material dealers iwho thought they could fool the public and scare labor by shouting the customary lies about ''high" wages being the cause of building stag nation have been handed a hot po tato. Determined to protect its mem bership and the people against con tinued exploitation, the St. Louis building trades council began an investigation which has had sensa tional results and will end in court trials at an early date, with the business men as defendants. The unionists' action was the re sult of what they declare is collu sion between material men's organ izations and the chamber of com merce to bring about the repeal of a city ordinance which provides for an eight-hour day on work done for the municipality and for the payment of the prevailing wage, which is accepted as approximating the union wage. The contractors refused, according to building trades' union officials, to bid on municipal work while these provisions were in force. "During their campaign," said Secretary Cassidy of the building trades council, "the contractors and material men used the argument that if the ordinance was repealed prices of material would come down and building operations resumed. After the ordinance was repealed the only thing that came down was the wages of non-union employes of the material dealing companies. Later they reduced the price of cement in proportion to the reduc tion of the price of cement sacks and barrels, but this did not stim ulate building. "We maintained that the cost of building materials had not come down and that there was a com bination of building material deal ers and contractors. "Newspapers took up the charge and made investigations of their own. The building trade council employed attorneys to conduct our investigation. Much information was secured—sufficient to prove our contention. The state attor ney general issued a public call for all who cared to volunteer testi mony to come to his office. He promised no immunity." It is known that certain dealers inquired if it would help them if they would withdraw from the Millmen's Association, an organiza tion charged with controlling the output of planing mills. They re ceived no satisfaction. In this connection trade unionists were able to arrange a surprise party for certain dealers, who gath ered their political friends and as sociates and called on the attorney general. Presumably they had hoped to plead their cause unheralded to the world, but it happened that at the same time a group of newspa per men also called to pay their respects to the attorney general. From all available information the attorney general is determined to carry the cases through, as he has declared he is going "right af ter" all cases arising out of the in vestigation. The trials are scheduled for the October term of court in Jefferson City. The building trades council will be represented during the en tire court proceedings. Sept. 2\t —Pope 'Bene dict has addressed to President Van Karnebeek of tin' assembly of the League of Nations an appeal for the famine suffers of Russia. The New York World rises to the truth of the situation in West Vir ginia; will not some of the other so-called public opinion moulders rise also to the defense of thruth? — Tobacco Worker. By a vote of 3,403 to 244 the Cleveland Chamber of Commerce voted to destroy Organized Labor Unions. The minority was hardly large enough to save the chambers face. Unemployment K'rows apace; it is now 2 per cent below p.'e-war per iod which was thought bad, indeed, by those who take the backward look. L H. Turner. 11H4 Hewitt. Barnhart Shop, Monroe. BUII.UINt; LABORERS L, Starke, Emil Mitersbach, Phillips. COFFEE AM) TEA BOUSES Manning's CoKee House on Hewitt betweet Colby and Wetmore. CONDENSED MILK Llbby, McNeil & Libby, Packer* and Can ners. Carnation, Aster. Mt. Vernon and Wash ington Brands. Yakima City Creamery. CONTRACTORS Christ Kruppler A Sons and the Standard Oil Bldii., at corner of Pacific and Virginia. Contractor Harry and Church at end of car line In Lowell. ELECTRICIANS F. R. Hare, electrical contractor: John Thueaon. FISH COMPANIES San Juan Fish Co., Seattle. GENERAL MERCHANDISE Butlers, The Star, Bon Marche of Seattle. MEAT MARKETS A. C. Snider, the Rural Butcher in Mu nicipal Market Anne*. PLI'MBERS Wm. Plambeck. Joe Wallem and his houae at the corner of 3026 I ~, .' LAI VDRIES lnilet»endent. Standard, Union, Paris and Krictters. MISi Fl l. \NEOUB <V W. Ward. Cement Worker M. Anderson. Mr. Burden and his house, 2511 Maple street. Everett Fruit Products Co. F. S. Lang Manufacturing Co., of Sealth . Appeal for Russians WE DON'T PATRONIZE LIST lIARHKR SHOPS Gompers Nails An Erring Writer With Hard Facts Washington, Sept. 17.--Public ists" may learn some day that they cannot make statements misrepre senting the labor movement and get away with them. In a recent issue of the Gateway, a magazine published at Detroit, a writer un der the caption "Labor Unions and Capital" gives out this bald dec laration: "The most reliable information obtainable indicates that at the time America entered the war less than 10 per cent of all the labor of the country belonged to labor unions, and less than 3 per cent of the labor employed in the more ad vanced types of manufacturing in dustry was unionized." President Gompers, in a letter to the Gateway, nails the writel with these facts: "That statement is in line with all those in the article and just as true as all others. The census of 1910 shows there were 38,000,000 people employed in gainful occupa tions, including the farmers, Mr. Rockefeller, Mr. Morgan, the Presi dent of the United States, members of congress, members of legisla tures, and all the professions and others. "Before the war there were about 8,000,000 eligible to membership in trade unions. Of these 5,500,000 were organized or about 70 per cent. The statement of the writer is such a bald-faced misrepresenta tion of the truth that I have no doubt "The Gateway' will willingly correct the false statement which I cannot otherwise but believe was maliciously made. No man witli any judgment would say there were 40,000,000 wage workers in the country. That would presup pose a population of at least 300, --000,000." Smoke BLUE RIBBON 5C Cigar. UNION COAL $2 UNDER UNFAIR MINE PRODUCT Last Monday's Seattle Union Ree.- Ord says: Even with the reported price re ductions made by the operators of unfair mines, the public can buy Union-mined Washington state coal at $2 below the price of the scab product. Union mined coal is a first class product and is gaining in favor ev ery minute, according to W. J. Henry, manager of the Purchasing Service department of the Union Record, who is making a specialty of placing orders for union-mined coal. Henry is giving coal infor mation to hundreds of inquiries. "This union-mined coal can be had in any quantity and for every purpose," said Henry Saturday. "There isn't an excuse in the world for a union man in this town to buy anything but union coal. "The unfair coal companies are making extravagant promises about delivery, but the fact of the case is that they cannot make good be yond a few scattered deliveries. "The public must obtain its coal now, because cold weather will be upon us soon and it will be almost impossible to get any kind of coal." Officials of the mine workers point out that the unfair operators are not only producing very little coal, but that, due to the expense of their armies of gunmen and the lack of experience of their few strikebreak ers, the coal which they are trying to produce and sell at a reduced price is really costing them in the neighborhood of $300 a ton. "They can't keep this up much longer," declared a miners' union official Saturday. "What is the good of their talking about price l-eductions when they can't even deliver the coal." W. J. Henrv'i phone number is Elliott 4471. "I don't want to use any scab coal," reads a sentence in a letter Saturday from M. E. Engdahl of ■Tacoma. This is a sample from ne of hundreds of letters and in- quiries being handled by Henry. Engdahl is anxious to lay in his winter's supply of fuel now, and Henry is telling him how to do it. A Missouri Judge Criticises Courts Warrensburg, Mo,, Vept. 17.- — In a plan of revision of the con stitution of Missouri submitted to the new constitution association. Judge Swing Cockrell of the sev enteenth Missouri .judicial district takes the position that the courts are needlessly expensive and un businesslike. He declares that fre quently decisions favor the party able to employ the best lawyer rather than to the party in the right and that the entire fabric of the judicial system is such that the poor are deprived of justice. "We have the best courts and best judges for a few neople," says Judge Cockrell. "But they are the people who have the most money and who are in the least need of justice. The poorest courts and judges are for the Door people who most need justice. I think most judges realize that the public has not full confidence in the courts, but most of them have been too busy running the antiquated ma chinery of our judicial system to consider the causes for this lack of confidence." He expressed the opinion that under present conditions in Missouri that appointment of judges would not meet with popu lar favor and that it would be necessary to provide in the new constitution for the election of judges by the people. Kansas City musicians struck for shorter hours. NOT ALL THE LARGE EMPLOYERS FAVOR "OPEN SHOP" MOVEMENT All employers are not oppressors of labor, and advocates of the 'open shop." There are far-sighted, earn est men in industry who are travel ing as rapidly as conditions will permit the road that leads to in dustrial democracy. They recognize in the campaign that is being waged by certain large employers a dan ger that strikes at the foundations of society. Notable deliverances on the rela tions of employer and employe come from Oliver T. Remmers, one of the largest, if not the largest, employer in St. Louis, and Mervin W. Han sen, a leading Ohio contractor and dealer. Mr. Remmers was adduc ing the Chamber of Commerce of St. Louis in opposition to a reso lution committing that organiza tion to the "open shop" campaign and he influenced the members to vote it down. Mr. Hansen spoke before the convention of the Ohio State Association of Electrical Con tractors and Dealers, at Springfield. Both consider the "open shop" campaign as ill-advised and un- American, and insist that intelli gent employers should encourage labor organizations and deal with them fairly and freely. The resolution before the St. Louis Chamber of Commerce was denounced by Rr. Remmers as "paid propaganda," stimulated by "professional secretaries" who "should be producing instead of agitating and stirring up strife." "They seek to perpetuate their jobs," said Mr. Remmers. "This resolution) which has been read, was not prepared by any member ot this organization, but, in newpaper parlance, is 'boiler plate' or 'canned matter.' If we adopt the resolu tion the fellows in the propaganda office will pat themselves on the back, reassemble the mutual ad miration society, and get out a sheet announcing the great work they are doing for the cause, sub limely indifferent to the strife it might cause." A great deal is said about "walk ing delegates." Mr. Remmers re minded his associates, but he could not join in the chorus of denuncia tion. "The labor delegate is a paid representative of his fellownian to obtain for him decent working con ditions and better wages to help his family live and have at least a few comforts and educate his children. If he cannot gain these through ordinary persuasion or logic or justice, he must resort to his only weapon—the strike. But these paid secretaries are delegates or hirelings for capital to suppress and oppress labor with honeyed words. Society cannot tolerate them with safety." These gentry had found chambers of commerce fruitful soil in which to plant the seeds of hate, Mr. Remmers declared, and he thought it was time to call a halt on their activities. "The chamber's para mount duty is to foster peace and harmony and it should not meddle in private industrial affairs," he said. "The best safeguard of any nation against autocracy and dic tatorship, whether of an organ ized autocracy or a misguided sec tion of the working people is a strong, intelligent and well-organiz ed trade union movement. "Industry owes an everlasting debt of gratitude to the conserva- THE CENTRAL LABOR COUNCIL Wednesday, Sept. 21, 1921. President Moncur called the Coun cil to order at 8 p. m. Credentials were received from Bro. M. Wilson of Carpenters Union No. 2110 (Piledrivers.) The new delegate was obligated and seated. A communication was received from Bremerton Machinists local asking the Council to write a letter to the Navy Board protesting against unjust and unreasonable reduction of wages. The Council voted to comply with the request. Union Record Boosters A letter was received from the Union Record Boosters inviting the Council and all unions to send representatives to their First Mon ster Annual Event In Metropolitan Theatre, Saturday night. October Ist. All organized labor is in vited to this entertainment and all unions are requested to send rep resentatives. Don't forget the date, Saturday night, October Ist. The Education Committee made a partial report. The Disarmament Committee will meet at the Labor Temple next Sunday morning at 11 o'clock. All members are requested to be pres ent. Reports of Unions The Molders reported a small meeting and transacted routine bus iness. The Plumbers had a good meet ing. The public is informed that the EVERETT FRI'IT PRODUCTS COMPANY is still Unfair to Organized Labor reports to the contrary notwith standing. After short talks by several del egates on topics of interest to or ganized labor the Council ad journed. Governor Hart has appointed a eommitte of prominent citizens to investigate alleged wrong-doing at the Sedro-Wooliey and Steilacoom insanie asylums. Smoke OLYMPIC CLUB 10c cigar. PUBLISHED IN THE INTEREST OF ORGANIZED LAHOR tive members of organized labor." he continued, "These leaders have, by sensible and reasonable elements in their ranks, and as soon as the present labor movement is repudi ated we will really learn what hell is. "The best way to deal with or ganized labor is to work with and not against it. Collective bargain ing, which the so-called •American plan' seeks to suppress, is the cornerstone of organized labor. Collective bargaining is the only practical proposal for adjusting re lations between the managers and the workers, securing a fair deal to both sides. There are always two sides to an argument. In dustrial peace can be secured only by the righting of the wrongs suf fered by the workers. If the body of workers has a grievance it can be adjusted only through co-opera tion between the employer and the employes' representatives. As all cannot meet the employer at One time, it is necessary for the men to select representatives to carry out their will as expressed collec tively. This right is identical with that always held by the employer and never challenged by the laws or the public." Pointing out that labor is always patriotic and that it had just re cently worked earnestly, honestly, efficiently and unselfishly lor the passage of legislation supported by the chamber, Mr. Remmers sound ed this warning: "Labor does not I easily forget. It is ever vigi- I lanti and sometimes resentful and vindictive. The continuation of cumulative resolutions on this sub ject will definitely stamp this cham ber as an enemy of labor, and all academic words and sophomoric ex | pressions will not change the opin ion of labor. Loud denials will not help; neither will the lamentations lof Jeremiah be heard. Let us not play with fire by attempting t.i I suppress orderly evolution. To do so means revolution. Let us re -1 tain the good will of our neigh bors — we might need them for greater things in the future." Mr. Hansen told the Ohio elec trical contractors and dealers that were it not for organization they would not be there. He regarded it as inconsistent, to say the least, for organization of employers to condemn organizations of employes. "If we admit of the laborer's right to organize, we then must not re fuse to recognize his organization," he said. Were there no reasons for labor organizations, he continued, they would not exist. Nothing can per petuate itself over a long series of years, overcoming difficulties and warding off bitter attacks, unless there is substantial need of it. Employers, he thought, are inclined to overlook this fundamental fact. Were there not greedy and merci less employers, there would not be organizations of toilers, for labor unions came in response to a bit ter cry of the oppressed for eman cipation. "Labor unions are a God-send to our industrial system." said Mr. Hansen. "They may at times step lon your toes or my toes, but. be lieve me, they are largely respon sible for our having any shoes on our feet, that we can come out of the affair with our toes not 1 crushed." Epigramatie Paragraphs From "Labor" Palpitating patriots in the Senate are determined that no impious hand shall take the "toot" out of the Constitution. Desperate as the situation is, the government is willing to try any thing except those who have looted the treasury. It is very clear that in framing the tax laws Penrose and Smoot for the wishes of the public don't give a hoot. If President Harding wants to set tle the situation in W» st Virginia, he might try sending that state a new governor. Helen Maria Dawes is paying too much attention to the spigot and overlooking the expenditures that are flowing out of the bunghole. Another reason why governments are always popular is that they never begin to give consideration to a problem until it becomes a crisis. There would be greater interest In the prediction that the lives of men may be extended indefinitely were it not for knowledge that high taxes would continue right along with them. A study of the growing soup lines indicates that the time has come for some bright young pub licity chaser to start another over all movement. By giving a little lift to the railroad subsidy, the forthcoming unemployment conference will be a real blessing to a small army of idle coupon cuttt rs, "Uncle Joe" Cannon, now at home on vacation, sends back word that this is to be his last term in Con- gress. Evidently "Uncle Joe" has been talking it over with the vot ers. Landlords continue to raise rents just as though they had never read a line of all that deflation news that has been appearing in the financial pages of the daily press. There are many valid arguments against a sales tax, but the mosi cogent, from the standpoint of the public, is that it has the approval of the United States Chamber of Commerce. Mr. Edison laments that a ma jority of Americans don't know the names of two Congressmen. Why should they know, when there are ever so many other things worth knowing ! Number 21.