sO *1 1 k • I P C*m *1
Council Kecommends Aid r or strikers
UNLIKELY THAT BORAH WILL
SPEAK FOR POINDEXTER
Despite the claims of the cam
paign managers for Senator Poin
dextei that Senator Borah of Idaho,
and one of the nation's leading pro
gressives, would come to Washing
ton to spea for Poim'exter, all in
dications are that such is not the
case, and that Borah who has voted
opposite to Poindexter on every
question of national importance will j
not be inveighled into such a trap.
The following telegram was ad
dressed last week to the president
of the Idaho State Federation of
"Mr. Al Reynolds, President
Idaho State Federation of Labor,
Campaign managers for Senator
Poindexter who is special interests!
and open shop candidate claims Sen- j
ator Borah, your state, will make
three addresses in Washington be
half his candidacy. Borah will!
greatly weaken prestige with organ- j
ized labor and other progressive!
groups if he speaks for Poindexter.!
Please ascertain immediately if he |
contemplates speaking in State of
Washington. Wire answer.
(Signed) W. M. SHORT, Presi-I
dent Washington State Federation j
The following reply has been re
"Mi. W. M. Short, President
Washington State Federation of La
bor, Seattle, Wash.
Will wire information when Borah
returns to Boise Monday. His clos-i
est friends discredit claim.
(Signed) AL REYNOLDS, Presi-:
dent Idaho State Federation of La- i
Bellingham Labor to Discuss
Initiative and Referendum
Measures at Mass Meeting
The Bellingham Central Labor
Council has arranged an open meet
ing under the auspices of the cen
tral council, at which the public
will be invited, on Thursday, Octo
ber 2(i, to discuss the various initia
tive and referendum measures that
will appear on the November bal
lot. The following tentative pro
gram has been arranged:
Initiative Measure No. 4(> (The
30-10) Plan), By Mrs. Boynton, rep
resenting Parent-Teachers' Associa
Referendum Measures No. 14 and
15, by W. J. Bryan, president of the
Direct Primary League.
The Daugherty Injunction and the
Railroad Strikes, by President Short
of the State Federation of Labor.
State Federation Endeavors to
Settle Brick and Clay Strike
The president of the State Federa
tion Vf Labor is holding conferences
this week with the headr of the
Denny Ronton Clay & Coal Co. in
an effort to effect a settlement of
the strike that has existed at Ren
ton and Taylor for the past year
among the workers employed in the
brick factories at both places, all of
CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION ENLISTS
LAWYERS TO FIGHT DAUGHERTY GAG
An appeal to over 800 lawyers
associated with the American Civil
Liberties Union to take free of
charge any and all cases arising
under the clauses of the injunction
against the railway shopmen which
restrict freedom of speech, press
and assembly, was sent out recent- 1
ly by the officers of that organi
zation. The Union has already of-,
fered aid directly to each of the
persons so far arested under these
clauses, and will supply bail, defense;
funds and organised support wher- j
The communication of the Union
to the attorneys throughout the
country associated with it, reads:
"This organization has offered to I
the Railway Employes' Department
of the American Federation of La
bor our co-operation in free speech
cases arising under the injunction j
secured by Attorney General Daugh
erty in the federal court of Chicago
against the striking railway shop
men. That injunction, as you know,
forbids the exercise of the ordi
nary rights of free speech, free
press and freedom of assemblage in
connection with the present strike. ,
"This injunction is the most 1
sweeping denial of the elementary
rights of citizens which has been
secured by any governmental agen
cy in these years of repressive
measures since the war. It is the
obligation of all of us who are com
mitted to the principle of free
speech to combat it in every way
we can. There is not much pros
pwt of saving from jail any man
who violates it. but there is an op
portunity in the hearings of such
case to call public attention ef fee-1
tively to the issues involved.
"On that score, we ask every at
torney associated with this work to i
take free of charge or four ex- [
penses only, as a matter of public
service, any local case of a member
of the railway shopmen's unions or
any sympathizers arrested for vio
lation of the free speech and free
assemblage clauses of the injunc
tion. The preparation of such a
case will require Comparatively lit
tle time and the public service ren
dered may be very considerable.
"We have invited the railway
shopmen to get in touch with us
by wire or letter in the case of any
man so arrested, and we have
pledged the aid of our friends in |
the legal profession to respond, if
their other obligations permit. We
ask each of you, if such a call comes
to you. to advise us promptly of
your willingness to take the case.
We will give you the names of oth
er persons in your community Who
I whom are members of the Brick
11 and Clay Workers International Un
i ion. James p, Flynn of Renton,
- j business agent of the union, will
■ represent, directly, the men. The
,! conferences are being arranged
■through the good offices of the
-1 Stale Federation of Labor and the
■ Federation is hopeful that a satis
s | factory settlement can be effected.
' t Seattle Building Trades Council
I Endorse C. ('. Dill for Senator
. | The Seattle building trades coun
cil at its weekly meeting Friday,
; the 13th, went on record endorsing
' C. C. Dill for United States Senator
as the only progressive candidate who
held out any hope of defeating Poin
dexter. The vote was 34 in favor
and 2 against. The council repre
sents 25 affiliated organizations
j which comprise a large portion of
the Seattle labor movement. The
j business agent of the Seattle central
j labor council is reported to have ap
| pealed to the building trades body to
be governed by the central labor
>I council's action as the parent labor
j body in the city. Leaders of the
; building trades council are reported
to have relied that the central labor
! council had no right to endorse a
I candidate as that function belonged
j exclusively to the State Federation
of Labor, and that the building
I trades council was opposed to the
central body interfering with the
proper functions of the State Feder
ation, and for that reason would not
|be a party to the policy that had been
| pursued by the central council.
A similar situation exists at Ta
| coma where the central labor council
J has endorsed the candidate of the
j Farmer-Labor party, but where the
j trades unionists, in the main, have
declared their intention to support
C. C. Dill and have the cooperation
of mot of the leaders of the Farmer-
Labor party in this connection who
have fused their forces with those of
Pierce county Democratic organiza
The Spokane Progressive Confer
ence, embracing both the railway
brotherhoods ami unions of all A. F.
of L. locals, has tdso endorsed Dill
as their selection. Several of the
legislative boards of the railway
workers organizations have sent ur
gent appeals during the last week to
their international unions for finan
cial contributions on behalf of the
candidacy of C. C. Dill and it is re
ported that all moneys left over from
the primary campaign will be ex
pended for that purpose.
Ina P. Williams of Yakima, promi
nent member of the nonpartisan
league, who was formerly supporting
C. C. Dill, is reported to have switch
ed her support recently to Duncan.
Wm. Bouek of the western progres
sive farmers, is also actively support- i
injj Mr. Duncan's candidacy. j
Both Dill and Duncan are conduct
ing vigorous campaigns on the west •
side. Dill has been addressing six
aiul seven meetings a day, while
Duncan is touring southwest Wash
ington under the auspices of the
Farmer-Labor party, accompanied by
J. M. Phillips, of Aberdeen, the j
Farmer-Labor candidate for congress
from that district. |
j will be of assistance perhaps in the
way of securing publicity and other
support. We would also wire the
newspapers in your community to
t get in touch with you for a story
on the c*se after it has been ac
"We do not anticipate a flood of
such cases, but if the injunction ;
i runs any considerable length of
time, there will probably be a large
, number of scattered cases. We are
] confident of your co-operation in
The communication is signed by
Roger N. Baldwin, director of the
! American Civil Liberties Union.
Building To Be Fair
Rev. Holte, in charge of the Co-|
j lumbia College, which is now a I
children's home, wishes to be fair
with organized labor. Mr. Holte
came before the Building Trades
Council Friday evening asking that;
ihe may use union labor to do some,
| necessary work on the building. It
Will be remembered that Mr. Bog-1
statl, who had charge of the remod
eling of the building last spring,
refused recoknise the unions having
\ jurisdiction over the work and as |
i a result was placed unfair by the
;B. T. C. Mr. Bogstad has left'
Everett, and has also been removed
from any connection with the man
agement of the college building.!
j Mr. Holte, who is in charge.!
states that in the future he will I
employ union help. The B. T. C.
.after hearing Mr. Holte's state-1
| meat, voted to allow the work to I
proceed and also recommended that!
| tho carpenters remove the building
from the unfair list.
Mr. Holte also invites organized
labor to call and inspect the home.
IP. E. DAVISON
P. E. Davison, father of E. F. Da
vison member of the plasterers' un
ion, died at the home of his daugh
ter, Mrs. Martin, at 2327 Oakes
; venue, last Monilav afternoon at
Mr. Davison was born in Ohio, 81 |
years ago; was a veteran of the
Civil war and a member of the !!•>'
While Kemal I'asha is winning in
Europe, O. Bey has suffered a se
vere defeat in our marriage courts.
aUj£ iCatot journal
POLITICAL ACTIVITY TEST
OF REAL CITIZENSHIP
Behind a nation's laws is the character and intelligence of its people.
One of organized labor's functions is to develop the nation's social
character and to diffuse knowledge that will aid this purpose. It is nec
essary, therefore, that trade unionists be constantly engaged in activity
and agitation on the political field as well as the industrial field.
Wrongs that are buttressed by privilege will not disappear on the pas
sage of a resolution. The collective mind can not be changed that quickly.
Wrong must be attacked continuously until the conscience of the people is
quickened and the evil disappears.
In this process one election is but part of labor's campaign.
Results are not based on the number of candidates that labor elects.
A more important gain, and which can not be computed, is the stimu
lus to justice through labor's vigorous canvas for supi>ort of its principles
and its appeal to the intelligence of the electorate.
The present agitation against government by injunction illustrates this
point. More people are acquainted with the injunction evil than ever be
fore because of labor's challenge to and expose of the Wilkerson writ.
Trade unionists should avoid crude cynicism and cheap intellectualism
bn the usclessness of political activity. JThcse people affect a "smart"
post. They would discourage political agitation and leave a clear field for
the agents of reaction and administration coercion.
There can be no progress through this philosophy of depression, nega
tion and do-nothing
An intelligent public opinion is irresistible. It is a power greater
than a thousand Niagaras. Labor should strive to unleash this force
A trade unionist alert to the patient work necessary to develop a solid
public opinion in a just cause; who knows the forces that would thwart
one who would enter this field, and who doggedly sets himself to that task
is an effective foe to privilege and giced.
That trade unionist can not be discouraged. He knows his progress
will be slow, but when public opinion is finally aroused, his reward will
be correspondingly great.
Trade unionists should distinguish between the politics of the privi
lege hunter, partisan spoilsman and office seeker from politics in its pro
Politics should be the art of government, and government should as
sure equal justice to all.
As we receive from our trade unions only in proportion to the energy
and intelligence we put into them, so will we receive from government
those values that our character and intelligence on the political field
; WORKERS RANK
Following dose upon the an-
I nouncement of the phenomenal
growth of the Brotherhood of Loco
] motive Engineers Co-operative Na
| tional Bank at Cleveland, the Amal
; gamatcd Trust & Savings Bank, of
< Chicago, the new co-operative labor
• bank established by the Amalga
i mated Clothing Workers of America,
i reports deposits of almost a million
'dollars ($001,411.12) making its
| total assets over a million and a
! quarter dollars, just two and a
half months after opening for busi-
I The official statement issued by
i the Amalgamated bank, says the All
' American Co-operative Commission
shows that eight out of every ten
dollars in the bank have been de
posited by small savings depositors,
j The fact that the total savings of
I 3,000 depositors amounts to $200,
--000 indicates the democratic nature
of the bank. According to the presi-
I dent of the bank 70 per cent of all
the savings deposits in Chicago
j banks belong to workers. Co-oper
ative labor banks in Chicago there
fore, have a remarkable future be
The official statement of the re
sources of the bank shows the larg-
I eat proportionate increase in deposits
jto have occurred during the past
few weeks, nsice the fall factories
i are re-opening, and employment in
creasing. "The favorable showing
of the hank's progress," says the
statement, "is all the more remark
able because the bank has been
J open for business up to date only
during the summer or vacation
, period when business generally is at
' a low ebb."
In addition to its regular banking
! activities, the Amalgamated bank
j deals in foreign exchange for its
I customers and sells steamship
I tickets. j
Vote for Duncan for Senator
Should Have Equal Education
Mrs. Preston, in 25th Biennial Report of Superintendent
of Public Instruction, June 30, 1920, page 26:
"State support of education is based upon the theory of
the making of citizens of the state. One child deserves to
be made as good a citizen as another. The accident of resi
dence should not deprive any child of equal education with
every other child. Hence, the justice of spreading aid over
the whole state.
At the special session of the legislature held in March,
1920, the state aid was increased to $20 per census child,
thus continuing the state's policy for larger taxation unit."
Smoke BLUE Rlßrt''* <j* Cigar
EVERETT, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1022.
The Grand Army of Politics
THE PASSING SHOW
(By George Ohnstein)
Picture to yourself a magnificent
home with soft velvet rugs, beau
tiful curtains, and everything as
luxurious as money can buy. There
is a hushed quietude over every
thing. A trained nurse in spotless
white glides about noiselessly and
places soft wool and silken gar
ments, softest linen towel and pur
jest soap in readiness. These tiny
garments speak for themselves;
they are waiting to wrap the ten
der little body of an heir to the
fortune of Mrs. Van C—, the wife
of a daring speculator. Everything
is in perfect order and the mother
of the young woman paces anxi
ously up and down in the adjoin
ing room. ''Oh. will the suspense
ever end?" At last the door opens
and the doctor came into the room
and put a soft bundle into her arms
and said, "A "son." "Thank God,"
said the grandmother, an heir to
The picture changes to a street
down town. A little girl with rag
ged dress approached a doctor on
his way to make a call in the
crowded tenement district.
"Say. mister, you're a doctor,
"Yes, child, what's the matter?"
"Oh, please, kind doctor, come
quick, poor mamma is sick, she
cries and moans, and granny sent
me to find a doctor."
"Where is your father?" asks
"Papa just coughed and coughed
himself to death." answered the
child, her eyes filling with tears.
At last they stopped at the door
of a typical tenement home, and
the child almost flew up the three
crooked flights of stairs.
"I've found him, granny," the
child cried as she opened the door.
Again picture the room barren
of all luxuries. On a bed in one
corner of the room lay the sick
mother, covered with a much worn,
but clean blanket. On a chair lay
a piece of coarse blanket and a few
pieces of infant's clothes, donated;
Drawn by Art Young
TO OWN HOMES
One of the most significant re
sults of the present housing short
age in this country has been the
growth of co-operative building and
loan associations and building guilds.
With the glowing unwillingness of
individuals and banks to invest in
I mortgages, because such loans do
not give big profits in time of ex
: pending trade, the co-operative
i building and loan associations of the
\ country are more and more meet
j ing the needs of the people in pro-
I viding the financial where withal to
I relieve the worst housing pinch
i this country has even known.
| An outstanding Example of this
I movement of workers to put their
j capital to work where it will do the
j most good for the community is the
i St. Paul, Minn., Building and Loan
| Association. Organized in March,
| ID2I by the Trades and Labor As
! sembly of St. Paul, this association
[ has proved highly successful, paying
5% per cent interest to its mem-
J bers ever since it started. Its funds
are all invested in first mortgages
on new homes, which are being paid
back at the rate of 1 per cent per
! month or more. Operating for the
[ benefit of the public, without
thought of private profit, this asso-
I ciation has truly lived up to its
i motto of "Service, not profit,'' and
lat the same time has made good
To eliminate the waste of time,
I red tape, and expense which usually
I exists between the contractor and
the money lender in the building
j projects, the St. Paul Building and
| Loan Association is working closely
| with the co-operative People's Con
i struction Company recently organ
; ized by the Building Trades Unions
lof the city to build homes for the
j workers at cost, thus saving the fat
j profit of the realty speculator and
I building contractor. Working in the
] same office, these two organizations
| are convincing the people of St.
: Paul that there is soundness as well
j as wisdom in the co-operative financ
i ing and building of homes.
by a poor, but charitable neighbor,
i These spoke again of the coming
lof a soft little body that would
soon come into the world. The poor
woman on the bed moaned and
; cried. "No father to provide for the
I ehjlri ''
i In the course of an hour the
j doctor placed a helpless, protesting
j mite of humanity in the arms of
i the grandmother, a prematurely old
j woman, bent from years of toil and
j misery, "A son," the doctor said.
■ "Where, oh where will my daugh
ter get bread for the new life?"
| The tears rolled down the wrinkled
Another slave had been born—
heir to poverty, while another mas
j ter had been born.—The Cincinnati
Smoke Olympia Capitol, 10c straight
' Hiirnhart Shop, Monro*.
! BUILDING LABORERS
L. Stark*. Brail Mitersbach, I'hillipn.
> COFFEE VM) TEA HOUSES
I I MMininK' 1 ('(-.'l'm HottM on Hewitt batw—s
RESTAURANTS \NI) CAFES
•i Montgomery') let Cream Parlor, SEN Col
[l Maryland Cafe. MM Hewitt.
i ONDENBED MILK
* Libby, McNeil & Libby, Packers and Can
, Carnation, AlUr, Mt. Vernon and Wash-
)| R. Bartta4e, mat. t ..lumhia Collet*.
Reed and VA illard and building 23rd street
,1 H. Mays and T Hofflcr, carpenter*.
| F. R. Hare, electrical contractor; John
Sun Juun Fish Co., Seattle.
I A. C. Snider, the Rural Butcher, in Mtd-
I tai M,ai Market. l»th and Wetmore.
• Joe Walleni and his house at the corner
I _ Independent, Standard. I'nion, Parts and
' Rainwater ft Son. Painters.
| A. J. Jones. Sim Painter.
, Steen Bros., painters.
( O. W. Ward, Cement Worker.
Mr. Burden and hia house, 2511 Maple
j K. S I-nn* Mmuf actio in* Co ,of Seattle,
i j Union Oil Service Station, Cor. Rucker
Mr. Burns anil building at 41st and Rurk-
G. N. Cay Furniture Store. 2003 Hewitt
Strike Olympia St. Rigis, 10<\ .t
for 25c . adv.
Council Recommends 25 Cents as Weekly
Assessment to Local Unions for Strikers
The Central Labor Council at their meeting Wednesday. October 25,
decided to recommend to the local unions in Everett to assess their mem
bership 25 cents a week as long as needed to help the striking shopmen.
The Spokane Central Labor Council in answer to the request by the
Everett Council to endorse Duncan for Senator, answered they could not
endorse Duncan, but have endorsed Dill, the Democratic nominee.
President Gompers, in answer to a letter sent to him by the Everett
Council, explained that neither the American Federation of Labor as such,
nor the individual officers of the American Federation of Labor, including
himself, had any right or authority to dictate to any national or interna
tional union what policy they shall follow for any cause. The local coun
cil had asked President Gompers whj hi' had not criticized certain actions
of International officers in regard to the present railroad strike. A sug
gestion was made in the letter that the question would be referred to the
International unions involved.
The council \oted to have 5,000 handbills printed explaining the dif
ferent initiative and referendum measures which will be on the ballot on
This will enlighten the voters and serve as a guide to them.
Vote The Farmer-Labor Ticket
PROPOSED AMENDMENT TO
THE BARBERS' STATE LAW
j! State of Washington, Eighteenth j
3 An Act Relating to the practice of
i barbering, creating an examining
committee and defining its powers
and duties, the licensing of barbers
i and apprentices and students, the
r operation of barber schools or |
! colleges, providing penalties fori
s the violation thereof, and repeal- i
; ing Sections 70t)b\ 7007, 7008, 7009,
7010, 7011, 7012, 7013, 7014. 7015,
7016, 1017, 7018. 7010, and 7020.
Remington & Ballinger's Code?
t and Statutes of the State of
s Be It Enacted by the Legislature of
1 the State of Washington:
1 Section 1. It shall be unlawful
for any person to follow the occupa
, tion of barber in this state unless
' he shall have first obtained a cer
-1 tificate of registration as provided
(' in this act; provided, however, that
I nothing in this act shall apply to or
' affect any person who is now en
gaged in such occupation except as
Hereinafter provided; and provided
further that any person who holds a
certificate of registration granted j
by any other state or provincial I (
board of barber examiners by exami- ,
nation and shows the proper ereden- ;
tials showing that he is a fully ,
qualified barber under the laws of I ,
this state, may be granted a license
to practice barbering in this state ,
without a practical examination, ,
upon payment of the required regis- j ,
tration fee. ;
Section 2. Shaving the face or: <
cutting the hair or beard of any t
person either for hire or reward, 1
shall be construed as practicing the 1 i
occupaiton of barbering within the t
meaning of this act. f
Section 3. The governor shall ap- \
point an examining committee to t
consist of three persons to conduct c
examinations of applicants for cert
tificate of registration, and to per- i
form such other duties as are pro- C
vided by this act. Said committee f
shall be" chosen from practical bar-1 s
hers who have for at least five year<
I prior to their appointment followed 1
I the occupation, and have been resi- i
dents of the State of Washington j t
for two years. Each member ift
said committee shall serve for a• s
term of three years and until hi? j t
successor is appointed, except in the r
case of the first committee, who s
shall serve one, two and three year- ?
Section S. Said committee shall
elect a chairman and secretary, and I <
shall have power to administer oaths.
The headquarters of said committe •
shall be the place of residence of!'
the secretary. A majority of then
committee may, in meeting duly as-p
sembled, perform the duties and ex- 1
ercise the powers devolving upon it ! 1
under this act. Said committee <
shall conduct all examinations of
ing in this state, and shall haw : t
power to adopt reasonable rules and ' <
regulations prescribing sanitary re- 1
quirements of a barber shop, barber '
school or colletre subipct to the An- \
tions so approved to be printed in a '
barber shop, barber school, or col- I 8
lege in this state. Any member of '
the committee shall have the power j
to enter and make reasonable exami
ing the business hours for the pur
pose of ascertaining the sanitary j '
condition thereof. Any barber shop, 1
barber school or college in which 1 1
tools, appliances or furnishings in j
use therein are kept in an unclean 1
and unsanitary condition, so as to ' '
endanger health is hereby declared j 1
to be a public nuisance and the pro- I ,
prietor or operator of such barber !
shop, barber school or college shal l '
be uuilty of a misdemeanor, and !
punished as in this act provided.
Section 4. Each member of the '
barbers' examining committee shall 1
receive ten dollars per day for each '
day spent in conducting examina- I
tions and in going to and returning
from the place of examination, and
Ins actual and necessary travelling I
Section 5 Said committee shall •
hold public examinations at least 1
four times a year in different cities '
THE INTEREST OF
II of this state, at such times and
! places as it may determine, notice
•j of such meetings to be sent to the
,• various applicants by mail, at least
i ten days before the meetings are to
P i person shall file his application with
. j the state treasurer, together with
_ i the fee required by law to be paid
' in advance of the examination, and
, satisfied that he is of good moral
' character, free from contagious or
, infectious disease, and is possessed
of the required skill to properly per
" form all the duties of his occupa
tion, includnig his ability in the
J preparation of the tools used, sfaav
.' ing. cutting of the hair and beard
; and all the various services incident
I the aggravation and spreading
! thereof in the practice of his trade,
director of licenses by the examining
' making application for examination
j under this act shall be allowed to
j occupation until the next meeting of »
the examining committee under a
tary of the department of licenses
Such apprentice or student shall
be eligible to become a registered
t Continued on page 4)
Anti War League
I "Sf hl ' rf Friday night,
October u>, at the Public Library
nullum Carroll was elected presi
dent of the new organization. The
j following fraternal organizations
| were represented at the meeting:
! woodmen of the World, Modern
1 Woodmen of America. Security Ben
efit Association; and labor organ
izations: Central Labor Council.
I Building Trades Council, Cooks,
j waiters, painters, plumbers, feder
ated Shop Crafts and tailors; also
j the following churches: Methodist
Episcopal and United Brethren.
A committee, composed of Mr.
j Thompson of the W. of A., Ben
Smith of the M. E. church, and T.
W. Davies of the W. of W., were
appointed to draft a constitution.
Next meeting will be at the Library
auditorium October 27, 8 p. m.
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