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The Washington Socialist
I FOR SOCIALIST NEWS AND PROPAGANDA. oo per >'opv. $1.00 p« vi'ar. w maf a n Fighting The Prohibition Party THE REASON WHY. It should bo remembered by all readers of the Washington Socialist, whether they are prohibition advo cates or not. thai the object of our at tack on U-o absurd claims of the Pro. htbition part> is not for the purpose of recommending or condoning the use of alcoholic drinks. No one knows better than we do that an intemperate indulgence in strong drink is merely a form of suicide, due to the disease Known as inebriety. No one can deny lat the abuse of intoxicating liquors a bane to the human race. Hut the point we wish to emphasize here is that the justification of our criticisms of the Prohibitionists as a political party is to be found in the fact that the leaders of this party are endeav oring to make the wage-workers of this country believe that po\erty and crime are caused by the liquor traffic, not by the inherent and ineradicable defects and injustices inseparable from the capitalist system, which they themselves support. Thus they throw sand in the eyes of working-class vot ers, so that the only real and vital issue of the day—the abolition of wage-slavery —is obscured or wholly lost sight of. Thus these blind lead ers of the blind are a greater menace to working-class emancipation than are the Republican, Bull Moose or Democratic parties. Workers beware! Any reforms ad vocated by the beneficiaries of the capitalist system, and which leaves the ownership of your jobs in their hands, can be of no real benefit to your class. ', In later articles we shall" take up the question of how the liquor prob lem will be solved under Socialism. , PROHIBITION CITY HAS HIGHEST DEATH RATE Insurance Companies Please Take Notice. Statistics just published by the bu reau of vital statistics, Washington, D. C. show that Memphis, Term., a "dry town," has the highest death rate of any city in the country, with 20.8 per thousand inhabitants. Spo kane, Wash., has a death rate of 8.9, and Seattle of 8.4, placing the "wet" city as the healthiest in the union. The death rate in North Carolina is the highest of any state in the union, with 16.8 per thousand population. For the whole country the rate is • 14.1 per thousand. RUBE SAYS: Bill, my neighbor, was up the other day to talk politics again, and about lowa. Bill is from lowa. I told Bill there must have been an epidemic In lowa for I saw in the World's Almanac that the old Hawkeye State had lost 5,000 inhabitants in the last ten years, and it was the rural districts that were that much shy on population. Bill says no, you got another guess coming. I'll tell one of the happenings that is going on all over lowa. A manufac turer of gloves back there bought eight farms and bunched them all into one; hired a boss and some single men to run the machinery with which he equipped the big farm, so where there used to he eight families there is now one and some hired help. So those families must b< some of that 5,000 people lows l"';t- The man who owns this big farm still lives In the -city: never plowed a furrow in his whole life. Hill says there are lots of .them kind of farmers in lowa nowa days. This owner of the big farm now has his hired help raising lots of hides for gloves. Ife used to have to buy hides from the butcher, and the jobber who had bought them from the farmer. I says, Bill, don't you see what he has done. Hill says, yes, I do; he first skinned the farmers out of their hides and a skinned farmer has no use for a farm, so he got their farms too. I says that's right, Rill, but didn't he get rid of the middleini n too? Then it was chore time and Bill went home. Hut I have been thinking AN OUTRAGE THAT LABOR WILL FIGHT Jobless Men Seeking Employment to Be Punished as Criminals. As If it wore not enough that the capitalist system deprives many hon est workers of the opportunity to work and enjoy the fruits of labor, now comes the police department of Everett with a warning to all unem ployed men seeking work that this city is no place- for them. Hereafter poverty, inflicted by society upon the helpless individual, is to bo treated as a crime, punishable with enforced work without pay. K\en the capilali: t press regards this easy shifting of police dutiM OS to the backs of robbed workers, inno cent of any crime excepting fating a capitalist ticket, as too raw to be tol erated by the working class as a whole. What's the use of Flag day once a year and the violation of its prated principles the rest of the year? We are glad to see that our evening contemporary has taken the side of both justice and prudence in this mat ter, and gladly quote its editorial on this subject which appeared last Sat urday evening: "The proposal on the part of the police department to arrest and im prison all idle men, technically "va grants" where they have neither mon ey nor place of abode, in an endeavor to put a stop to petty thievery which is said to have become too common, is a very questionable means of ac complishing this object. There always is more or less war between police and idle men, for it cannot be denied that amon? the latter are many men, with no inclination to work, who are re sponsible for many small crimes. But such must be far in the minority in periods when work is slack and many men take tip the march in search of employment. It is the business of po lice and police courts to distinguish between these two classes, punishing the few and helping the many. To punish a man whose only crime is Id leness, when that idleness is involun tary, is injustice. It's an ironical jus tice that would seek to force a man to work for the public for nothing, simply because he is unable to obtain work for wages. The only way many of these men can obtain work is to move from place to place until they find it and sometimes the search is long. And they should be encouraged in this search, should be helped in <>vr>ry legitimate way instead of being hindered. For there are fey people worthy of more sympathetic aid than the man who is anxious to work but is unable to obtain it. In such matters, however, the police bark often is worse than its bite and it is very like ly that is the situation now. It is well enough if it serve its purpose of keeping the viciously idle away; but i the honestly idle should not be made Ito suffer." PROTEST AGAINST SENDING JOBLESS TO STOCKADE The Everett Tradei Council pro tested vigorously during its Friday evening session against the proposed action of Police Judge William Sheller to sentence al men found in the city without visible meant of support, to work in Forest park tor a period of from ten to thirty days. As many as thirty men arrive in the city every day seeking employment, say members | of the council, who are hones) hard working men merely seeking to better their conditions, and to arrest them as vagraats and sentence them to work on the chain gang is not just. The police assert that all Idle men Should be arrested to put an end to j the epidemic of petty thievery thai Is i now existing here. HARD TIMES IN YORK STATE. A man in Poukeepsie, in the state of New York, borrowed $10 the other day from an acquaintance and pvit up his wooden leg as security, going home on a crutch. about middlemen and skinned farmers ever since and making up my mind what we were going to do about it. RUBE. Formerly The Commonwealth EVERETT, WASHINGTON, Thursday, May 28, L 914. "Let Not Thy Left Hand Know What Thy Right Hand Doeth." PLACING THE RESPONSIBIL ITY. ! H. 11. 2, Castle, Rock, Wash. May 15, 1914. Maynard Shipley, Everett, Wash. Comrade Editor—May 30 is knock ing at our door and with the approach of Memorial Day my heart goes out to that stricken people in Colorado. Per haps they are mostly foreigners, but whether native or alien their blood cries out for some token of vengeance to come. ' When I think of that burning heap of dead, that awful pyre, that Mam mon's offering of labor before our God, ; I shudder, yea, tremble. At whose door I shall the avenger stop, across whose i threshold .shall the sword be thrust? Surely not of the poor contemptible hireling's home. No! The guilt lies on the head, clings to the hands of that soulless saint, whose filthy wealth met the bills and all the endowments Of ten thousand colleges wouldn't cleanse his hands. Yes, May 30 is nearly here, but there is yet time for us to heap such a memorial to thai man's iniquities that the world will know thnt all Americans do not sanc tion such oppression. Beginning with tomorrow's mail I am sending each day one letter or envelope edged in block containing this notice: DEAD—LUDLOW. COLORADO Father, Mother, Sister, Brother—Our Flesh—By THY Hand Yours for the revolution, JAMES K. HO YD, JR. NOTICE TO TEACHERS. There are several rural school boards throughout the State culling for So cialist, teachers, salaries ranging about $70 per month. Practically all the union teachers have positions and the Socialist bureau has exhausted its enrollment of teachers, Socialist ' •. at tiers who have not yet. secured places for next year had better write to J. M. Salter, 1901 Everett, Wash., for further information. WHY NOT? If you are so brave and true, And love the flag as you say you do, To Colorado you should hike And help the workers get their right. In Mexico you have no right; For that is but the rich man's fight .For war is hell—yes that is right; So let the oil trust fother and fight. IT. C. HANSKN. ;CROSBY EXPLAINS HOW IT! HAPPENED. The rooster is crowing again be cause we have completed another month ahead of the game, and largely because we are able to come out this week with two extra pages. Comrade Shipley has been growling at me for the past two or three weeks because I haven't left room for reading matter, news of the class struggle, and party progress. Driven to desperation by constant nagging, I sallied forth with blood in my eye and rounded up enough new ads to justify getting out six pages this issue. Now, comrades, I I have done my duty and it is up to | you to say if you want the six pages continued. If you do, get in and hustle, get our friends to partonize the firms who advertise in "The Wash ington Socialist." Hand one of those i little coupons over the counter with! every purchase, tell him you are glad to see their ad in your paper; tell j them any darn thing that will cause } them to put an ad in or keep the one they now have. If you do these things good and plenty you can have six pages every week, and if you work it Strong we may even aspire to an eight page paper in the future. If you don't, then it's four pages for yours again. NUFF SED. F. C. CROSBY, Adv. Mgr. Nature never says one thing and wisdom another Juvenal. TROUBLE STILL BREWING IN STRICKEN COLORADO Is Reported That Federal Trops Are Fired Upon. A press dispatch sent out. May 2fi States that United States troops were tired upon last Monday night. The shooting occurred at the miners' camp at Begundo. It is alleged that twenty shots were fired at federal troops. No further particulars were given. ABOUT THOSE 'NEBULA TO MAN"LECTURES Owing to Saturday being Memorial day, the matinee that was to be given for the children's benefit has been abandoned. There will be a lecture Saturday and Sunday evnings, the subject both evenings being "The Wonders of the Heavens." The plan of giving the same lecture ou two suc cessive nights each week will afford an opportunity for a much greater num bers of persons to lake in each stage in the romanitic story science tells about the origin of the earth and the •volution of life thereon. During the first two evenings near ly a hundred of the most interesting, not to say startling, photographs, made by aid of the world's greatest telescopes, will be projected on a i large screen by electric 3tereopticon. Marvelous telescopic views of the i sun, moon, planets, comets, nebulae, 'and other wonders of the heavens will } be shown, including two beautiful views of the planet Mars, with its snow cap glistening in the sunlight. The vexed Question, "Are the planets Inhabited?" wil be discussed by the | lecturer, and the last word of science on this ever interesting topic will be presented. I'rofessor Shipley's views of the I moon, made from the original nega tlvei from the world's greatest tele scope (the Yerkes 40-inch refractor), bring our satellite, optically, to with in less than a hundred miles of the earth, It's actual distance being about 240,000 miles. Wonderful photographs of Halley's comet before ami after the earth passed through its tail will be shown, along witii other photographs of tiic mysterious visitors. Limitation! of space forbid further enumeration of the marvels to be shown on the screen. Surely no one , can spend a more Interesting or more1 profitable evening than this opportun ity offers. Admission will be free. .A volun tary offering will be asked for to de tray necessary expenses. Tell your friends about these lec tures and help make them a success as educational work. GAIN 7,000 VOTES. The Socialist party of Norway gained 7,onn members during the past year, according to Hie annual report, increasing from 43,000 to 50,000. There are .°.2 papers in the country, of which nine are dailies. Twenty-four of these are owned by the party. There pare 1,803 Socialists in municipal coun cils, 45 of whom are women. THE KANAWHA STRIKER. By a Paint Creek Miner. Good God ! Musi I now meekly bend my head .And cringe back to that gloom I know so well? Forget the wrongs my tongue may never tell, Forget the plea they silenced with their lead, Forget the hillside strewn with murdered dead Where once they drove me; —mocked me when I fell, All black and bloody, by their holes of hell, While all my loved ones wept uncomforted? Is this the land my fathers fought to own— Here where they curse —beaten and alone? But, God, it's cold! My children sob and cry! Shall I go back into their mines and wait, And lash the conflagration of my hate— Or shall I stand and fight them till I die? ARMS AND SECRET POLICE. (By Ernest Untermann.) A few years ago the writer warned the Socialist!) of this country that the McNamara plot was a scheme of the secret police to wreck the labor un ions and to implicate prominent So cialists in acts of criminal violence. Nevertheless some Socialists, who aspired to leadership in the Socialist party of California, and who took the side of the defense in that case, walked into the trap laid by the secret agents of the capitalists. Then the trap which should have wrecked the Socialist party of Los Angelea was sprung right on the eve of the city election, and the great leaders wrung their hands in despair and professed their utter inability to foraee such a turn of the case. Now one of those who were then most vociferous on the side of the de i fense, one John Murray, issues a little periodical called "THE ARMED CIT TERN," in which tie calls upon those who own guns or want guns for self defense to subscribe to a fund for this ! purpose and to send their names and addresses to HIM. Socialists and labor unionists should pay no attention to this sort of a scheme, unless it comes direct from the Central Labor Councils or from the national office of the Socialist party. What is the good of a labor organ ization or of a Socialist party if not that the majority, after mature delib eration and discussion, shall decide ■ upon the policy of the body in such a startling case as this? To send private names and ad-, dresses to a private paper means nothing less than to furnish the secret j police with the means to rob the or ganized workers of all means of self defense at the most critical climax of a great labor struggle. This is a question which should be handled by the whole organized labor, and Socialist movement, not by a few' schemers. There is no doubt that | these organizations should supply their members by co-operative effort with the means of self-defense. But j the first condition for the success of! such a departure from the established j policies of these organizations is that no private names and addresses should be kept on file, so that no detectives | shall be able to gather secret evidence and make up lists of proscription for the benefit of the Merchants' and Man ufacturers' association. Let there be no secrecy about this, j Lei the organizations of labor, openly ' and with full insistence upon the con ■ stitutional guarantees, give the whole ; world to understand that in the future we will not stand for any more out : rages like those committed by law less business thugs In West Virginia, in ! Michigan, In Colorado, in California. Lei everybody know that we are going j j to provide the means of self-defense i ' for our members, if the state and na- j tional governments do not protect us. | Handle this Question so that there shall not be one shred of evidence forj any secret police. Watch out for traps, and throttle [ any private icheme that aims to take j such vital policy out of the hands of; the organization. VINCENT ELECTED MAYOR. Dr. A. W. Vincent was elected mayor of St. Johns, Oregton, over the fusion: candidate. TRADES COUNCIL WANTS MINIMUM WAGE FOR CITY $3 for Eight Hours Work Will Bo Demanded. Organized labor of Everett, as ex pressed at a meeting held last Friday night by the Everett Trades council, proposes to ask voters of this city to pass upon an initiative measure pro posing a minimum wage of $3 a day for all persons employed directly or indirectly by the city. By another resolution adopted the Trades Council will also try to init iate an amendment to the city charter which will provide that all day labor ers employed by the city shall be citi zens of the United States and resi dents of Everett, and that qualified electors shall be employed in prefer ence to non-electors, and married men and men of family in preference to un married men and men without fam ilies. To Shut Out Alien Labor. This amendment is for the purpose • of preventing- contractors from im porting Greeks and other foreigners 1 to the city to work on big contracts, such as street paving and putting in sewers, while so many of the residents I of the city are out of work, explain • those back of the proposed amend : ment. At the present time, they say, these outside men are brought in and : live in shacks as cheaply as possible so the merchants get but little bene fit of the money paid them, and when the job is completed they move on to some other place, taking their liuard ] ed savings with them. The advocates ( of the proposed amendment believe I that if it passes, the city will be great ■' ly benefitted by it. Similar to Other Cities. j The proposed ordinance which is •I to be brought before the voters un der the initiative law is modeled af ter similar minimum wage laws now in force in Seattle and Spokane. The Spokane law provides $3 a day for t eight hours and the Seattle law $2.75. I The proposed ordinance as laid before | the Trades Council was fathered by Senator J. E. Campbell who advocated that the minimum wage be fixed at | $2.75, the same as Seattle has, but this ! met with objection on the part of some of the members and the ordi nance was finally amended to read $3 ; for eight hours. It is the intention of those back of the proposed minimum wage law to begin at once to secure signatures on petitions to bring the measure and the amendment before the voters of i one of the ejetions that will. follow the recall on June 9, in case the com missioners are recalled, and if they are not recalled, a special elction will have to be called. TREMENDOUS INCREASE IN SO CIALIST VOTE. Late news from E&umum Ayres, Ar ! gentina, states that the Socialists ' have doubled their vote in the past two years. All seven of t lie Socialist candidates for congress from Buenos 1 Ayres were elected. Sixteen years ago i there were only fifty-two votes in the j whole of Argentina. The Socialists i form at present the strongest party in I the great metropolis. i BELGIAN PARTY GROWS The report of the Belgian Socialist ; party for 1913 shows considerable growth. In 1910 the total membership | was 202,584; in 1912 it increased to ' | 232,821, and in 1913 climbed to 269, --830. Over 126,000 members belong to trade unions. No. 177.