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The Washington socialist. (Everett, Wash.) 1914-1915, August 27, 1914, Image 4

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Page Four.
formerly TUB COMMONWI n TH
Entered as second-class matter March !>, 1911, at the postoffiee
at Everett, Washington, under the net of March 3. 1879 .
1X1). PHONE ITS/. f
Published every Thursday by the Press. Committee of the Social
ist Party of Snohomiah County. .
Mayntml Shipley _ . Editor and Manager
Advertising Maunder: P. <;. Crosby,
Mailing Force; Tillio Roeder, Martha MoCdrmick, Gortrudo Cort.
Yearly subscription _ $1.00
Six month* __J _-■._. .60
Three months .25
Single copies -~- .05
Thinks System Destroys Incentive to
Higher Forms of Art and
Profit System Destroys Taste for the
Things Worth Wnile
It is not Often that the editor of this
paper can agree with the Kvenin'- Her
ald. In the issue of August 1!>. the
liorald contains a leading editorial
which expresses very well one of the
counts made by Socialists against cap
italist society, namely, that it destroys
all Incentive to things fine and noble,
and fosters the banal, vulgar and sa
We had not thought that the Her
ald's editor agreed with the Socialists
on this point We quote below the
editorial in question:
"The Century magasine, it is an
nounced, has been unprofitable for a
number of years and now that publi
cation is involved in litigation, and in
dispute between stockholders and its
sale has been negotiated. It is stated
that the magazine not only has paid
no dividends for several years, but has
actually iost almost one hundred thou
sand dollars in less than three y«8X8.
The sale of the macazine, if consum
mated, of course will not mean its dis
continuance: but it will mean a change
in management and tradition.
"The Century long has been *he
standard "literary" magazine of Amer
ica. It has represented the highest in
current literature and art. It has fos
tered many of our geniuses of the pen.
of the brush and the graver's tool. It
is a pity that, with its high ideals, it
cannot live.
"But the Century made some griev
ous mistakes. It made the mistake of
refraining from muckracking. It didn't
assail those in high places. It didn't
preach widespread corruption. It
didn't realize there was money in tell
ing the people how rotten the world is.
"And then it has failed to print the
proper kind of stories. The writers of
its fiction haven't gone into the under
world for their heroines: they have
kept clear of the borderland between
questionable decency and gross indec
ency. The estimable Century failed to
learn the lesson of the 'circulation
bigger-than-ever' magazines and now it
must pay the penalty for its lack of
enterprise and its decency. Perhaps
the literary taste of America also will
(By W. H. Stackhouse.)
Benjamin Franklin was undoubtedly
one of the most marked characters
this country has ever produced. No
man since the establishment of the
first colony on this continent has Im
pressed his personality on his contem
poraries as has Franklin. His long
life was one continual success in in
troducing new ideas of a progressive
nature. This wonderful success should
cause Socialists to study his life and
endeavor to culativate the talents that
made him so successful. As a young
man he followed a systematic course
of training with a view of making
himself efficient in public life. The
following taken from his auto-biog
raphy is an illuminating example of
his system and should be carefully
studied and followed out by all So
cialists who are endeavoring to propa
gate socialist philosophy.
What Franklin Discovered.
My list, of virtues contained at first
but twelve; but a Quaker friend hav
ing kindly informed me that I was
generally thought proud, that my pride
showed itself frequently in conversa
tion, that I was not content with being
right when discussing any point, but
was overbearing and rather insolent,
of which he convinced me by mention
ing several instances, I determined to
cure myself, if I could, of this vice or
folly among the rest; and I added
humility to my list, giving an exten
sive meaning to the word.
I cannot boast of much success in
acquiring the REALITY of this virtue,
but I had a good deal with regard to
the appearance of it. I made it a rule.
to forbear all direct contradiction to
the sentiments of others and all posi
tive assertion of my own. I even for
bid myself, agreeably to the old laws
of our Junto, the use of every word or
expression in the language thai im
ported a fixed opinion, such as cer
tainly, undoubtedly, etc., and I adopted
"There are three popular beliefs
which rise like mountain chains across
the trail of progress, The first and!
most ribbed Is the belief that i
things are sacred because they are
old. or, conversely," thai things are
dangerous because they are new.
••The second is the belief that the
'submerged tenth' wants to be sub- i
merged; that ii enjoys dark rooms and
ravels in filthy alleys; that It gloats
over Insanitary plumbing and thrives
upon malnutrition.
"The third, no leas preposterous, is
tin- belief that the 'submerged' because \
It is degenerate: thai the very fact of
remaining submerged is proof conclus
ive of Innate Incapacity for Improve
ment. "— Prof, Scott Hearing.
Pity for poverty, enthusiasm for
equality and freedom, recognition of so
cial Injustice and a desire to remove
it, la not Socialism. Condemnation of
wealth and respect for poverty, such
as we find in Christianity and other
religions, is not Socialism. The com
-1 munism of early times, as it was be
fore the existence of private property,
and as it has at all times and among
all people been the elusive dream of |
some enthusiasts, is not Socialism.
In all these appearances there is
lacking the real foundation Of capital
. ist society with its class antagonisms.
Modern Socialism is the child of capi
talist society and its class antagonism.
Without these It could not be. Social
ism and ethics are two separate things.
This fact must be kept in mind. —
Wilhelm l.iebnocht.
I "And they shall build houses arid
inhabit them; and they shall plant
vineyards and eat the fruit of them;
j they shall not build and another in
habit; {hey shall not plant and another
eat."— 53; 21-22.
instead of them, I conceive, I compre
hend, or I imagine, a thing to be so or
| not so; or it so appears to me at pres
ent When another asserted something
that I thought an error, I denied my
j self the pleasure of contradicting him
abruptly and of showing immediately
some absurdity in his proposition; and
in answering I began by observing
that in certain cases or circumstances
his opinion would be right, but in the
present case there appeared or seemed
to me some difference, etc. I soon
found the advantage of this change in
my manners; the conversations I en
gaged in went in more pleasantly. The
modest way In which I proposed my
opinions procured them a readier re
ception and less contradiction; I had
less mortification when I was found to
be in the wrong; and 1 more easily
prevailed with others to give up their
mistakes and join with me when I
happened to be in the right.
And this mode, which I at first put
on with some violence to natural in
clination, became at length easy and
so habitual to me that perhaps for the
last fifty years no one has ever beard
a dogmatical expression escape me.
And to this habit (after my character
of integrity) I think it principally
owing that I had early so much weight
With my fellow citizens when I pro
posed new institutions or alterations In
the old; and so much influence in pub
lic councils when i became a member;
for I was but a bad speaker, never
eloquent, subject to much hesitation in
my choice of words, hardly correct in
language, and yet I generally carried
my point,
In reality there is, pehaps, no one of
our natural passions BO hard to sub
due as pride. Disguise it, struggle
with it, stifle it, mortify it as much as
one pleases, it is still alive and will
every now and then peep out and show
itself; you will see it, perhaps, often
in this history. For even if I could
conceive that I had- completely over-1
come it, I should probably be proud of
my humility.
The above contains a lesson well
I worth learning, The entire book is
extremely interesting, but unfortunate
ly Franklin closes with the year 17. r>7.
It would have been an extremely valu
able contribution to his posterity if :
Franklin had carried out his autobi
ography to cover the period of the
revolution and constitutional conven
The Intellect Alone
A Poor Guide
( l!\ i leo l> I lerron I
i>• plte the paradoxical and deathful
nature of our capitalist <-i> 111 atlon, HÄ«
Bpile the Induitrlal Insanitj and spirit
ual chaos, c new world in surely form
-in)',; iiiniiv tsaj we discern tho white
pinnacles and the green gardens of
Hie gathering oltj ol man. There la
approachlnit and v in nol bo far off
as it leemi ■ world arranged b) the
v h dom hid in Hi"' human heati; b
world Ihat it: Hie i i"ml allnli Of .'I
Btrong and universal kindness; b world
ri'd.'riiii'd from the fear of Institutions
and of poverty, Even now, derided
and discouraged as ii i . socially un
trained and Inexperienced as v in, If
the Instinctual and repressed kindness
of mankind were Buddontly let 100 i
upon the ea^th, sooner than we think
would ii ensphere Itself; sooner than
we think would ii reconsl ll ute sociol v:
ooner i ban we. think would wi be
members one of another sitting1
around one family hearthstone and
Dl the ions, of the new humanity
The Soolallsl philosophy, and more
i specially the recent phllosophj of the
syndicalist, is sending us to b re exam
Ination of the sources and organs of
such human wisdom as we have. And
j the voices thereof are older than we
think Bergson, who has wrought bo
needful and profound a revolution In
philosophical approach and procedure,
was by no meant the first to place
[the Intelligence of the instinct above
the intelligence of the Intellect; to
prefer the wisdom of the onward will
to the budded conclusions of the brood
ing mind. -Long before Bergson, be
fore William James, had Lao-tze and
Buddha, had Jesus and IMotinus, pro
claimed thai enlightenment proceeds
(from teellpg and action rather than
from thinking. Also the mystical
philosophy of Flchte, and the political
Idealism of Maizlnl, with the early So
cialism of Etlenne Cabet, preceded the
Pragmatists with the principle that
truth is experience; Is whatever helps
man on; is response to spiritual atti
tudes; Is the path that opens unto free
and adventuring faith; Is the vision
that forms before the advancing deter
mination to reach and to do the good.
it Is true that neither the newer phil
osophers nor their forerunners have
gotten themselves <m it <• clearly Into
language. Indeed, Bergson seems to
admit that he does not himself know
■ wliat lie finally means. Yet it. all
comes to this if we ditf to the sub
stance of what they say: that If man
kind is to pet anywhere worth going
to, it. will ho through forsaking the
bungling counsels of the conceited
brain, and through Following the un
shamed and unhindered wisdom of the
heart even the heart that knows not
letters in preference to the lettered
intellect that, knows not thp heart.
Mere Thinker a False Guide.
Xo; we cannot Intellectually plot our
way into social health and happiness.
The mere thinker is forever the false
prophet, the blind guide. Flo neither
knows nor deserve! the truth. His
Bearch is in the land where trutli does
not, dwell the land of the mind's curi
osity! and it is in the derided land of
the heart's desire, after all, that truth
goes in and out and finds pasture. Tt.
is comparatively little, if we only knew
it, that, sheer intellect has accom
plished. Every movement thai has ad-
vanced the world has proceeded from
the kindling and the uniting of men in
a common passion and purpose—from
the heart rather than the brain. And
revolutionist and philosopher are alike
emerging from the exaggerated esteem
in which the intellect has been .held.
From Plato to the political econom
ists BO apart in their Concepts and so
!':•-. ther in their presumptive methods
are the mind's acrobatics being put
in their proper and subordinate place;
they are no longer counted as wisdom.
By Its Fruits Ye Shall Know It.
The system thai divided society Into
classes can bring forth no true knowl
edge, no living truth, no industrial
competence, no fundamental social de
cency, Tt can only continue the deso
lation of labor and Increase the blind
:ind depravity of the privllegi d
So long as some people own the tools
upon which others depend for bread, no
lons ms the few possess themselves of
the fruits of the labor of the many, so
long as the arts and Die institutions
and (lie sciences are buili upon ex
ploited workers, just ho long will our
so called progress !><■ through the per
ennial exhaustion of generations and
raci ;; just so long will successive civ
Ilizations be lint voracious parasites
upon the spirit and body or mankind.
And it is to destroy the dominance of
the privileged class, to eliminate
classes from society, that the Socialist
movement comes; and, if it be true to
itself, ii will make no compromise with
the superstitions and Institutions of
privilege, it will affirm an effectual
faith in the self-governing capacity of
the workers—in the wisdom hid in the
heart of the co-operative man.
The True Motive Factor.
Though it. expresses Itself in ma
terial terms, though it demands intel-
(My Algernon Nee, i
'I* lie* floclallfit movomenl dates from
the revolutionary period of 1 s is. Karl
Marx Hud Ifrcderlck Kiwis thon wrote
the ''Communist Manifesto, 1' which
■till son oti, with Rome illghl <iuiilin
cation, as an authoi Italvo statement of
Boclallßt principles and purposes. Bo
cialist theory begins with 11 critical
analysis of the existing economic Rys
torn, In which ih" m( an of production
land, mini rallwa) b, factories) are
operated chiefly by the join! labor of
many norpoi i Ing wage workers, j
but are tied nfl private property ||V I
other persons, known us capitalists.
The worker*' wages are determined by
competition In the labor market, and
generally lend down to the level of the
cost of subsistence. The net value of
their product, however, la determined
by the amount of their labor, and vast
ly exceeds their wages, The OXCOSS of
the net product over wages falls to the
capitalists! i olely by retuion of their
ownership of things which other men
must have In order to work and live..
The workers are thus automatically
exploited nnd kept In poverty, while
wealth accumulates In the hands of the
capitalists, The economic Interests of
capitalists nnd wage workers are dia
metrically opposed. Tin' former do-
Biro, at the minimum expense to them
selves, to get the maximum of labor
from ■ the workers; .the latter desire
lesH labor and a larger return for It.
The Class Struggle.
Thli conflict of lnt( rei ti i bowi itm-ir
in Hi" organisation of labor unlom and
employers' associations! in striken,
lockouts! boycotts and blacklist*! in i
the struggle for lawn and judicial de
clalons favorable to one class or the
other. From tbe economic field the
struggle extends Itself to tliiit of poll
tics, and the Socialist party expn
the revolt of, class conscious wage
workers against the capitalist system.
While promoting Immediately practic
able reforms, the Socialist movement
also aims at an ultimate reorganiza
tion of the economic system which
shall put an end to the private appro
propriatlon Of profit, interest and rent,
and to the distinction between capital
ists and workers. Socialists regard
such a reorganization as a necessary
outcome of the economic and social
evolution now actually taking place
an outcome which their scientific
analysis enables them to foresee and
which their conscious efforts may fa
cilitate. The increasing organization
of industry relieves the capitalists
from their original functions of man
agement and superintendence, which
are now performed chiefly by the hired
workers. Tn the competitive market,
large capital has an advantage over
small capital: thus competition among
capitalists tends to bring about concen
tration and virtual monopoly. Capital
ism, itself, on its full development.
thus renders capitalists unnecessary;
It creates the antagonistic force of the
wage working class; it trains these
into habits of joint action and admin
istration: it points to public ownership
of the means of production as the only
alternative to private monopoly: and
it prepares for the socialization of in
dustry by organizing it on a national
or international scale. Socialism, as
an ideal of social reorganization, does
not involve regulation of thel peoples'
private lives nor interference with
private ownership of "consumption
goods" and individually used means of
production, It involves public owner
ship and democratic control of only
such means of production as are so-;
dally necessary and require the Joint
labor of many persons to operate
them. The Socialist movement seeks
to educate and organize the working
classes for political action to use the
powers of legislation, taxation and jur-
Isdictlon in establishing -such public
ownership. It regards labor unions
and co-operative societies as valuable
allies. From American Year Book,
Appleton's, 1010.
Where there is no hope, there can
be 00 endeavor. —Johnson.
leciuai understanding, yet the force;
whi.h makes for the Socialist coming
is an intelligence of the heart rather
I ban of the brain. It Is well. Ever is
the intellect an imposter when it is
other than the heart's servant. And it
is time the intellect be put in its
proper place: Tt is time that, it be I
humbled from its high pretentious. Tt
is lime that the Infinitely better wis- i
ilnm of the instinct and the will be
given their place in the forefront of
human evolution. Of the Dead Sea
fruit of philosophy we have had
enough; and of the conceit of latter
day science. We no longer think to
penetrate or compass the universe by
the mind's intriguery. We turn to
action now. We see that in the self
discovery and self-development of the
working-class, in its dynamical sym
pathy for the least of its members, in
its instinctual revolt against economic
tyranny, in its will to be free, is the
seed of social intelligence to be found.
We know that the mind is untrust
worthy; but, dimly, we begin to dis
cern that the heart, once it has its '
social way, is the good shepherd that
shall lead us into the earthly paradise,
(By Aimiii Bbolberg I laugen. i
'ill!• "Reds" will n<ll carry rum-- today (
Ihi lime is mil ycl rlpl
■ i .1 ii. pleai c ail with tiii;;
Until li is time for strife.
There's ■■< time to act,
And S time I" wnil Kilelit.
Bvolutlon takes time,
Bui when the time in ripe,
With mighl we'll fighl
in every land and clime,
A people too highly Civilized are we
to Mir up war.
We will noi take our neighbor's blood,
i,ei thai from u« be far,
our enemies have turned their gnns
on us.
We turn the ballot on them.
Revolutionists, surely wo are not for
I:ul we'll Hghl With ballot arid not
with gun,
The worker's brain Is weary and dull
With the toil of a thousand years.
Too long they have slaved,
Too lons they have fought.
Bui not long enough been taught
The science that teaches in a peace
ful way
The tools of production to take.
A 10l of Ignorani men with mm in
liehlnd them would leave a bloody
Like flowers we all would be cut
With Victims our streets would be
Your MendS and loved ones
There we would find numbered among
those killed,
Sans militia and navy extinguished
we would be,
And no Socialistic advance on earth
you would see.
l"or ages this earth has been steeped
in blond
By brutes while In search of food.
If your souls have expanded, then
know for "God's sake"
You life cannot give—
And you life shMl not take
We'll not learn from brutes to murder
down men,
lint the tools of production we'll take
if we can.
Labor's solidarity, means the union
of many peoples now weakened and
divided. —Peter E. Burrowes.
bl Secure Your Tickets Early |}j
1 Trades I
I Council I
I Excursion I
1 EastS und §
$■ Deception Pass ..
I, And the :
San Juan Group
I Leave City Dock at 9 a.m. r
I Monday I
I Sept. 7 I
Round Trip
Tickets for sale at Haf- I
srkorn's, Darling's, Sar- I
I tor's, Jarvis & Jackson's, I .
I City Drug- Store, Labor I
Temple and on the City IV
I Dock Labor Day. {-
Patronize Washington Socialist
Advertisers and Tell Them About It
Amusement Parlors i
Wetmore and Hewitt
Driesslein & Becker
The flew Canyon Wood Co.
And Keithly Fuel Co. Under One Management
3! Can now supply you with anything you want in either ',
J | coal or wood. ;
A Trial Order Solicited <
31 Both Phones 37 4
will be held at our
store—watch for it
Stains, Varnishes and
Wall Tones
Again we call your attention to the
Peninsular Range
standard in every respect. A beau
tiful pattern with a 19-inch oven —
regular $50.00, special $38.50.
Curran Hardware Co.
This paper is paid for. Read it
very carefully. If you like it, sub
scribe now.
Send in twenty-five cents for a three
months' trial subscription.
Whether you agree with all con
tained in the Washington Socialist or
not, you cannot afford to ignore the
facts it weekly presents for your con
sideration; least of all can you afford
to ignore the world-wide movement of
which it is one of thousands of spokes
men —a movement whose press is
printed in fifty different languages.
"Wisdom is the principal thing; there
fore get wisdom; and with all thy
getting, get understanding."
Send in one-cent stamps, or money
order, to No. 1612 California street,
Everett, Wash.
Brother, here is my pledge to you:
I refuse to kill your father. I refuse
to plunge a bayonet into the breast of
your sister's brother. I refuse to
slaughter your sweetheart's lover. I
refuse to murder your wife's husband.
I refuse to butcher your little child's
father. I refuse to wet the earth with
blood and blind kind eyes with tears.
I refuse to assassinate you and then
hide my stained fists in the folds of
any flag.
Will you thus pledge me and pledge
all the members of our working class?
—George Kirkpatrick.
The county campaign picnic is to be
held at the Edmonds city park, Ed
monds, Wash., on Labor Day, Septem
ber 8, 1914. Two fast boats have
been chartered to handle the big
crowd. Hound trip fare 40 cents.
Music, dancing, speaking and refresh-
Thursday. August, 27. HM I.
<•> **, For Harness and Auto
¥w^r^sf£||i Tire Repairing Try the '
I M 4:. SHOP \
< i
;♦> <
—rariri"nr-iirfwiiiiiniiiMii iimiwiwim
m Smathers' Transfer H
! Baggage, Express and Furniture |
1 moving to any part of the city. H
3 Rates reasonable. jg
3 Phones: Ind. 559Z; 8. S. 40 I
J Stand corner Hewitt and Rucker M
a Res. 2913 Norton Aye jj
J I First Class ; ;
I! 2821 2 Wetmore !j
»♦♦♦♦♦♦»♦♦♦♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»♦♦♦» ,
ments. Come and enjoy yoursel
Further information in next week's
issue, or call up 478 Z.
Volunteers Wanted for Sunday.
Bundles of leaflets for free distribu
tion are to be had at the office, 1612
California. Comrades who wish to aid
in this work will be assigned territory
upon offering their services. A regu
lar Sunday morning distribution is
now being systematically made.
Speaking about the boasted Ameri
can sense of humor, we note that a
Chicago committee has gone to Eu
rope to study vice.—Boston Transcript.

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