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The Washington Socialist
it per copy, $100 per year. BEFUDDLED MR. WILLIS ______ ,5. .:■■■': Calls for the Wrong Protest A CORRECTION AND A REMEDY In M exciting letter to the Everett Morning Tribune, of December 20, one 11. H. Willis throws a fit over the damage done "the thousands of un employed men who have been thrown out of employment by the curtailment of production caused by the enormous Increase of Imports Into this country from British Columbia mills and the consequent loss of markets for '.umber and shingles heretofore supplied by American mills and manufactured by our own citizens j Mr. Willis further points out that British Columbia mills have sold, In markets belonging to our milts, "dur ing the first nine months of opera tion of the present tariff. 326,633,075 more shingles and 10.169,699 feet more lumber than in the same time in the year before." ' "This certainly means." says Mr. Willis, "that our mills have had to curtail their production just that much and therefore lay off the men who would otherwise have been employed if this output had remained with us." We Socialists do not, as a rule, argue with non-Socialists over the tar iff question; but this shlngle-and-lum ber-tariff controversy comes straight home to the most vulnerable spot of the average wage-slave of the North west, namely, his stomach. The lum ber jack and the mill man finds him self out of work. A gink comes along with a bunch of tariff junk and some import statistics, and the jobless man •who. a moment previously, was about ready for Socialism and the Socialist ticket from president to constable, falls for the 1 republican quack doctor who would restore prosperity in this country by killing off the industries of a neighboring'("Christian") prov ince. Therefore we feel Impelled to answer this Willis communication and ; his call for protests to President Wil son to "let iilm see the damask his tar- ' iff has caused this state." "We are the more willing to embrace this oppor tunity to clarify this situation with some Socialist reasoning in that the incident will serve as an example, or illustration, of the proper view 01" the tariff question as a whole, anywhere, at any time. THE FIRST POINT '" The first point we would have our readers bear in mind is this: The sta tistics furnished by our consul at Van couver do not state that the shingles and lumber which were shipped into the United States from British Colum bia were to remain in markets former ly controlled by mills of this state. If we are not very much mistaken, a very large portion of ' the shipments into this country were destined for Canadian markets via our railroads. WORTH CONSIDERATION If it is true that Eastern dealers are not buying shingles and lumber from Washington mills because they can be purchased cheaper from Cana dian producers, owing to "President Wilson's tariff," and that thousands of workers of the Northwest have thereby been thrown out of employ ment, then the whole problem re solves itself to this: lumber and shin gle dealers are as heavy purchasers now as before "Wilson's tariff." the cause of unemployment in Washington being therefore due only to ,the fact that the workers of British Columbia have the jobs formerly held down by Yankee wage-slaves. SOME DIFFICULTY HERE While this Is the logical conclusion to which republican tariff tlnkerers would drive the conscientious student, no one knows better than Mr. Willis and the Washington mill owners that the lumber and shingle business of the Middle West and East is dead, and has been dead for some time, even previous to the Wilson tariff. We have read In the Tribune time and again—and so has Mr. Willis — that the stocks in the Eastern yards, and else where, re the lowest that they have been for years, owing to the fact —not that the dealers are buying cheaper from Britisli Columbia than from Washington,— thai building operations have been virtually at a standstill for months: shingles and lumber are not being bought in the markets of this country; therefore they are not being sold. And therefore the wage-slaves of the Northwest, tire out of work be cause the people of the United States cannot buy lumber to build homes, barns, fences, furniture, etc., etc., tariff or no tariff. WORKERS OF THE WORLD UNITK! YOU HAVE NOTHING TO LOSE BUT YOUR CHAINS. YOU HAVE A WORLD TO WIN IMPROVED CHRISTMAS By D M. S. There's I better Christ coming In the future, not remote. When the men who wield the hammer Also learn to wield the vote; U>! the signs and by the tokens • It Is now upon the way. Tlferes a better Christmas coming And we'll have It every da) There's ■ better Christmas coming When the men who hold the plow Learn to hold a few opinions That are foreign to them now. And some mighty rural rumblings Warn us it Is drawing near, There*! a better Christmas .coining And we'll have it all the year, There's a better Christmas coming As the working men advance. One where charity is banished And where justice gets a chance, When from poverty the nations Have removed the smart and sting. There's a better Christmas coming And 'twill be a steady thing. A MINIMUM WAGE IS ESTABLISHED . OLYMPIA, Dec. 21.—The minimum wage commission today established $10 as the weekly minimum wage for 1 women and girls employed in offices in any kind of clerical work. This will be effective February 20. Eight dollars was established as the mini mum for office boys and girls between j 16 and 18 and $6 for both sexes under '16. The hearing of hotel employers on chambermaid wage regulation pro posed by the recent conference will be held here December 28. It appears probable that the recommendations ; that women be barred from employ i ment as cigar clerks in hotels will be ; ignored, although such a ruling may 1 be made for minor girls. "'■'■/S-' '■ ' ''"''•' *~ "■' "" ■" ■" '■r'- '' ' ," V", AND WHY NOT? ' . Why can't the people of the United ! States build homes and barns and buy j : furniture, and the thousand other , wood products whereof they have [need? This is the question to which .Mr. Willis,— he is not a republican politician,—should address himself. I And it is the only question which is of any interest of importance to the I working class. THE REASON WHY MEN ARE IDLE ', Now, Mr. Willis, we'll tell you, and jail others of your superficial way of I thinking, why the mills of the North west are Idle and thousands of men I unemployed, homeless, hungry, penni- I less, outcasts. It is not because of ("President Wilson's tariff." It is not ! because of successful competition of 'British Columbia mills. There is j much unemployment in British Colum j bia —conditions are as bad there as I here. Mr. Willis knows this; or ought Ito know it. The reason the lumber | ' and shingle mills are. idle, or working : only on half-time, or 50 per cent of capacity, is because of the great army of jobless men and women In I industries which no one pretends i are stagnant because of the Wilson ! tariff. Mr. Willis knows this, also; or ought to know it. And the reason millions of men, women and children , are Jobless and penllese -in the United j States la CAPITALISM! That's it— CAPITALISM ' Because Capitalism is a system of legalized robbery, de- j pending i/pon an ever-expanding mar- j ket for its continuance, and can only close down when it can't expand, since , they who are the wealth-producers cannot be the wealth-consumers, under ; Capitalism. In next week's issue, of this paper I we propose to show that the men of ', our mill's are unemployed because j they, and wage workers everywhere, I 1 are deprived of jobs by reason of the I TARIFF ON LABOR, collected from] I all wage earners at the point of pro-' duction, in their pay envelopes. THE ONLY PROTEST THAT CAN BE OF ANY VALUE TOi ; THE WAGE WORKERS OF THE | UNITED STATES IS THE PRO TEST AT THE BALLOT BOX !AGAINST THE ROBBERY IN , THE PAY ENVELOPES OF THE, WORKERS OF THE UNITED STATES, THAT ROBBERY : WILL CEASE, AND UNEM ' PLOYMENT WILL CEASE TO BE A PROBLEM, WHEN THE 1! USERS OF THE MACHINERY! ARE ALSO THE OWNERS • ; THEREOF AND THIS MEANS SOCIALISM ARE ALL THESE WORKERS HIT BY CANADIAN SHINGLES? THE UNEMPLOYED ARMY CHICAGO -109,000 wage earners are Jobless. PHILAnELPHIA™IOO,OOO unemploy ed. City raised $50,000 to relieve suf fering; until January 1. Will need 1260,000 more. SCHENECTADY, N. V.—15,000. In dustrie, hit harder than at any lime since the panic of 1893. TEXAS.—The south is in the worst financial condition sines the early nineties and unemployment is greater in Texas cities than ever In the history of the state. Dallas has 5,000 unem ployed. Wages have been greatly slashed. ST. LOUIS The city is swamped with uemployed. A free soup kitchen has been opened by the city and 2,000 a day are being fed. BOSTON—The calls from employ ers for help show a decrease of 42 per cent from that "i the correspond ing month of last year. DAYTON, O. —Homeless unemploy ed overrun the city. A new municipal : lodging house supplies the men with IS "flop," a cup of coffee and a few I rolls in return for which they work half a day for the city. OAKLAND, Cal.~ California is con fronted with the worst unemployed problem in its history and all the ordi nary methods of meeting the question have broken down. MINNEAPOLIS.—About 25,000 men are idle here. City authorities up In the air. NEW YORK.— The mayor states, in a letter to Judge Gary, who has since been appointed chairman of a commit tee on unemployment with 78 others, that unemployment "is a persistent, chronic condition" and asks to what extent this condition can be "minimiz ed by the co-operative effort of busi ness men." J SPRINGFIELD,' Mass. About 5,000 workers are idle here, y Never before In their history have the local charit | able agencies and municipal authori ; ties received so many appeals for assistance. NASHVILLE, Term.—The discovery that a large number of children In the city schools are literally starving, has led to a demand that school lunches 'be provided. The unemployed prob lem is intense. , READING, Pa.—The city council i have taken advantage of the workless men by employing them at 17% cents an hour whereas the usual wage is 25 cents. YOUNGSTOWN, O.—l. N. Hanson, head of the charities association, says the best way to solve the unemployed problem is to "employ a man a day." TEACHERS REPORT 5,426 CHILDREN UNDERFED More than 5,000 child students of New York's public schools suffer from lack of sufficient food, according to estimates of their teachers. Reports from 380 principals placed the number at 5.426. An elaborate series of suggestions for aiding these youngsters is being prepared for submission to the city. Most of the hungry little ones come from the East Side. FACE STARVATION CLEVELAND, 0., Dec 21.—Unless relief on a large scale comes to the Ohio coal mine strike region within seven days, thousands of striking miners and their families will face starvation at Christmas time Twenty thousand children are on the verge of starvation, Wheat exports of 1914 will total I 80,000,000 bushels more than 1913, I ________________ If England had a land-going navy or Germany a sea going army, things might be different — Chicago News, HER PREFERENCE Before the fire Christmas eve two old maids were planning for the holi day. "Sister Molly," said the younger, "would a long stocking hold all you'd j want for a Christmas gift?" | "No, Elvira," lid the elder, "but a : pair of socks would." — Philadelphia Public Ledger. Our advertisers are scratching your I back, Socialist reader. Scratch theirs. ! And tell them why you do it. EVERETT, WASHINGTON. THURSDAY, DECEMBER 24, 1914. SOME DREAMING! i ______■" AN EPISODE IN THE tragedy of CAPITALISM (By One of the Oast.) I am Indeed pleased that the state I him gone dry. The Hnlixm was an aw ful nuisance. The cause In fact of much misery. I I have known a man to come In from the harvest fields, with six dol lars and eighty ■• nts In his pockets, I and after he had rented a room, got I a bath, a shave, a suit of clothes, and ,1 clean handkerchief— do you know i that on account of these dreadful mi i loons that man was actually broke | Inside of two weeks from the day that he si ruck town. ;-|j,i Broke —he wund ed up and down the streets of Spokane. In the biting cold of the Inland wlnlii, he was hunting for a Job, until he was worn out with the rain. '.Then he began to look for something to eat and a place to sleep. All to no avail. When he had money he wan; a slave; now I that he is broke he 1b a'bum. I Conventional morality had robbed him of the, necessary"courage to take. Therefore he • did the next worse thing, he went to .'a: Gospel Mission. Here he was offered "coffee and, 1' an a reward for enduring ;; the prayers and the preaching, a* well uk the testi monies of the ones that had already been saved from common 'sense. f Me now hears a brother tell how .good he was at hia, mother's knee; ! then how bad he became .when he left home; and then after taking a dose of Missiona l.nii.itlca how good he is now. . ' • j Next, some old tody will arise and I tell the crowd how] bad I she was once; , how good she is, twice as much as she j ever was. And to a man who" is not , absolutely starved,iff so ; that :. he has j some Idea, of age,.* the", cause of the j boasted goodness is very, very evi dent. The holy show, goes on until ■ the spieler suddenly .implores^ you to j get. saved. ;v Come Jesus " Just...now. I Our . man ■■ is thsjife^ the i first.' time. He sees the joke, but needs. the cof fee and, He stays. : '... ■' I At last the prayers are over and the crowd is lined up for the coffee- I and. Of course our man is lined up on the side of the sinners, duly sep arated from the.saved. Dividing the sheep from the goats, as it were. They call the saved sheep. I do not know why they call them sheep, un -1 less it is to substantiate what the sheep-herders tell us; that the sheep is the stupidest animal In creation. Thus our man is found amongst the goats. A Christian whose duty it is I to see that he is kept in line, as a neighbor next to him says- "Weren't yuh here last night?" "Yes." "You can't come tomorrow unless you get saved." I "Alright." I Of course he will say "alright," no \ matter what he does. Though the j sinker is small, and the coffee has ; paralysis, yet he needs It, O he needs I it, every hour he needs it, and ho gets it only once a day, even If his luck Is good. . lie will be there, no doubt. And he will get saved if the weather is cold enough the temperature has a re markable effect on the flow of Ood's ace The name of our man Is I. M. Broke. The Christian now appro .1 Broke: "Your first night here, ell?" Bobbing motion 01 the head, indicat ing affirmation. The Christian observe,, that Broke, unlike the others, does not have the customary newspaper In his pockets. i Newspapers are used by the unemploy ed in lieu of beds. Large capitalistic dailies are always In demand regard less of dale, as bedding for hoes. You do not know how good they are until I you have tried them. The Christian addresses Broke: i "You have no paper, 1 see?" ' "No." I "I will give you one after service, |It will keep your clothes from being , soiled by the box car floor." ■THANKS!" 3, I "Be sure to get back here tomorrow •j and get saved"— and If the wind is j cold enough he will. After a stormy .night in a box car Broke Is ready for I 1 anything. I . ; i| British-German Friendship Society i in London has dissolved; just when it lis needed most. —St.. Louis Globe i Democrat Cold and Power are the chief causes of war.—Tacitus, WORKERS OF CENTRALIA WAGE GREAT BATTLE FOR LABOR'S RIGHTS Fight of Mill Workers on Since August 3rd. \ ■ , j EMPLOYERS' ASSOCIATION UP AGAINST IT .:. . The union haters' association, worse1 known as the Employers' association,! I started a fight in Centralia last sum-! mer on the union timber workers.! They are determined to reduce the' wage slaves of the lumber and shin-1 gle. Industry to virtual peonage. But they have struck the wrong bunch of* workers for the currying out of their "un-American" plans. The boys in that neck of the woods know that ft! the wage earners are to retain their! self-respect and a fairly decent stan-: NINE SOCIALIST— dard of living they must fight for their tight*. Bo a strike was called! last August, the 3rd, and the battle ! Is still on, with no sign of compromise' nil i ilher side. In a communication to the Wash ington Socialist, comrade W. H. Stack house says: The strikers are showing a cool headed, determination to fight It out to the bitter end. No struggle that has occurred In the ! timber industry in recent years has developed such a fine soli darity as has this struggle. Morn ing, noon and night a. picket line is maintained around the ' mill. Men, women and children line up and make life a misery to the ' scabs. All the ' 125 ' men involved are Americans, natives of ' Missouri. They are practically all married men and permanent residents of ', the to.wn, some of them have i worked as long as 12 years for ": ' this mill company. 1 The Commercial! club and ■: the '; city ' commission * "are' ' working " against the strikers. : At the_ be- ' hest of the Eastern Railway & ! Lumber Co., the city commission' is about to pass an anti-plcketing ordinance. The strikers have passed a resolution declaring they will not observe any ordinance i that will prevent their picketing. In the course of the next few days things will come to a head. Keep your eye on Centralia. ! Yours, W. H. STACKHOUSE. BIG DEATH RATE IN THE ' UNITED STATES MINES WASHINGTON. — Three thousand six hundred and fifty-one men killed land 100,000 Injured is the casualty list 1 of American mines and quarries last ! year, according to the report just is sued by the United States bureau of mines. » This was a. death rate of 3.49 in I every 1,000 of the 1,047,010 men em ployed, i Such a death rate, said Di rector Joseph A. Holmes, of the bu reau, is "excessive and unnecessary and a discredit to the industry and. the country." "We stand aghast at the slaughter in Europe as reports reach us con cerning the war that is raging," said Dr. Holmes, "yet to me this report on the death in one year of 3,651 men engaged in a peaceful industry is! quite as discreditable, When we con-; skier that this record is being repeat-j ■(i year after year, the very thought ! of it becomes appalling. In the last: I three years the mines and quarries of the United States have swallowed vp1 10,487 lives and have incapacitated, 1 [temporarily at least, a quarter of a j million men. ; "I believe I am conservative when! 1 say that half of the 3,651 men killed' lin 1813 might have been saved and three-fourths of the 100,000 injured in1 the same year might have escaped in-] I jury had the various agencies involved: done their full duty." We are not concerned about empty stockings but empty heads. If you know of one, make him a Christmas , present of a ticket to the Debs lec ture. 'Pickets 26c. Reserved seats 50c. • An audience that covered over one hundred acres in Chicago heard Debs. The largest audience ever gathered to hoar one man, Debs speaks in Ev erett, January 24 1916 Tickets 25c. COLORADO INVESTIGATION REVEALS TRUTH OF TERRIBLE REPORTS That Have Appeared in These Columns. 'professor scores state MILITIA Ourlng the past year the Washing ton Socialist has had occasion to pub lish reports from the Colorado coal fields that put the government of that state and the armed forces therein in • very bad light -so bad, Indeed, that some citizens of Everett have accused us of wilfully exaggerating the facts if not actually inventing them, "just for effect." Mow- comes Prof. James H. Brew ster, of the University of Colorado, and ! testifies before the federal eommis-! sion on industrial relations to the truth of all the stories printed by the Socialist, press about the terrible hap penings in Rockefeller's Colorado. That constitutional guarantees were wiped out by Aljutant General Chase' as head of the Colorado militia; that; miners were robbed by the militia,! that that military body was recruited ' with "scoundrels," and the right ofj Search had been exercised by the mili-j tia while the civil courts were open,! was the trend of the testimony ofj Prof. Brewster. .' Prof. Brewater had been chairman; of the state federation of labor com-i mittee that, investigated the strike in December, 1912, on the authorization V>f Gov. Ammons. He declared that Lieut. E. E. (Monty) Linderfelt, in charge of the! machine gun at the budlow battle,} was a "brute unfit to associate with; anybody," and that because of hlsi brutality the committee had asked that '< he be suspended. "Had he been suspended then." he declared, "Ludlow .vould never havej 1 happened." He asserted Linderfelt had trained the gun on the Ludlow colony during i a search of the rolnny by the militia for weapons, and. patting the gun, de-, 1 clared he could sweep the whole col-j ony. j At that time, the witness said, Lind erfelt was making threats against Louis Tikas, whom he assaulted on the night the Ludlow battle was on, breaking the stock of a rifle over his head. ARE YOU SPUG? Then buy your friends a Debs ticket for a Christmas present. Ticket in cludes full year's subscription to the Rip-Saw and sells for 25c. Reserved seats 50c. Sell your Debs tickets NOW. Let your friends be seeing the ligh,t by reading the Rip-Saw in advance. A Problem Demanding Solution By CHAS. VV. ERWIN' The Socialist movement to grow must have efficient publicity. It mat ters not that the facts stated by its ex ponents are so plain that he who runs [ may read them if these facts cannot jbe brought to the attention of the great mass of the workers without whose support the movement can never triumph. The political and industrial rulers of the people wh6 control all the chan nels of efficient publicity are going to sum- to it that the Socialist movement does not get the publicity that is vital Ito its growth. When they can ignore it they will and when they cannot ; they will give it the kind of publicity I most apt to prejudice the people whom it seeks to reach. The capitalists would be foolish if i they didn't use the most powerful j weapon in their armory—THE PRESS against us. Just as foolish as we arc when we neglect to build up our press and support the press of the owning, robbing class. If we had to depend entirely upon speakers and books to reach the mil lions of our fellow workers our cause would be hopeless indeed. Take the case of our greatest popular propa gandist Allan L. Benson. In one month three millions of readers are readied bj this dynamitic writer. How? Through the columns of a weekly paper—the Appeal to Reason. li Benson should go on a speaking tour covering ten years and talk ev ery night he couldn't reach as many people aw this. If there wasn't any Socialist press lie couldn't reach them at all No one is foolish enough to GOVT EXPERTS SAY DAY OF SMALL FARMS IS PAST SMALL FARMS BRING BUT $235 A YEAR INCOME Relation of Size of Business to the Farmer's Income. A careful study by government ex perts in regard to the profits made by a large number of farmers in differ ent parts of the United States shows that the size of the farm business is one of the most important factors controlling the farmer's income. In a survey of over 100 farms in an irrigated district in. Utah only three farm owners, with less than $10,000 total capital, received a labor income I of more than $1,000 for their year's | work. By labor income in this pase is I meant, what remains of the net income after deducting 6 per cent for invest ed capital and working capital; in other words, what the farmer himself receives for his year's work and sup ervision. One Out of Five Work for Nothing. In a group of 35 of these men, who had small farms and an average capi tal of $5,345, the average labor in come was $235. One out of even' five received nothing for his labor and made less than 5 per cent interest on his farm investment. With high priced land this amount of capital gave him too small an area to utilize to advantage. If land were cheaper, so that a much larger area could be obtained with this same amount of money, then $10,000 might be a suffi j cient investment to give the farmer I a substantial income. In the Central States, where corn, wheat and oats are the prevailing crops and where land is from $150 to $250 an acre, $10,000 would be entirely , too small an investment to yield the owner a good income, for the reason that 40 to 50 acres —the total amount of land he could possibly buy with this amount of money—would not t utilize his teams, machinery, or labor j to the fullest, advantage. No matter how large the total in vestment, if the quality of the equip ment is deficient financial failure is inevitable. OPEN FORUM WILL BE RESUMED NEXT WEEK Owing to this issue of the Wash ington Socialist being the Xmas num ber, the Open Forum feature is omitt ed. An interesting discussion of The Short Platform will be opened by comrade J. ('. Harkness, of Hilyard. READY Teacher—Now, Willie, mention one of the customs at Chrißtmas tinn-. Pupil—Running in debt. —Life. ■ j think that the capitalists are going to i commit suicide by their own press to spread doctrines destined to destroy their hellish system of wage slavery. Let us look at another vital side to this question. Here and there through the country we have elected various officials. What has happened? The press controlled by the capitalists in : these localities has handicapped these officials most effectually in their ef forts to use political power to further the interests of the working class. Just at the time when those elected by the workers need the. power of pub lic opinion the most to help them ac complish something for ,the good of the people it is found wanting. Why. Because the press controlled or owned ! by the capitalists gets on the job and by suppression or distortion of facts poisons the minds of the very people without whose support nothing can be accomplished for the public weal. And yet of all the problems we have to solve this problem of efficient pub ( licity and protection of elected offici als is the easiest .of solution. No theories have to be tried and no fin ancial sacrifices have to be made. Just common sense has to be applied to that which is properly not a problem at all. Our enemies wonder why we, who accomplish so much with so lit tle, have not solved this problem long ago. In next week's issue we shall show you how easy is this solution that has seemed so hard to most of us. Well, they'll never draw that Swi3B navy into the general European war. Toledo Blade. No. 207.