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The Washington Socialist
f»c per copy, $1.00 per yrar. WASHINGTON SOCIALIST WILL CELEBRATE ITS FIFTH BIRTHDAY To the Readers of The Washington Socialist: In a few weeks this paper will enter the. fifth year of Its existence. As most of its readers know. It was ori ginally the Commonwealth; force of circumstances compelling the chanc ing of the name about a year ago. But there Is the same spirit back of It that brought it into being on February 4, 1911. The experiences through which it has passed since then would make interesting reading for any one. It seems fitting, that we should cele brate our fifth birthday in some ap propriate manner. Local Everett No. 1 will give a basket social in honor of the occasion, and various locals throughout the county and state have suggested giving a dance, basket-so cial, or other entertainment, the pro ceeds to be used in the purchase of sub. cards, —to be sold when conveni ent. GERMANY CAN GAIN NOTHING BY WAR, SAYS BERGER. Germany has had an unprecedented period of prosperity during the last fifty years, says Victor I* Berger In the Milwaukee Leader. Germans were liked and respected by all other na tions. But they were not liked and respect ed because .of Germany's military power. German militarism was feared and hated both at home and abroad. ' Germany was respected because of its great universities. It was respect ed because of its scientists, savants and inventors. The products of its 1 factories are ■ known everywhere be ■ cause of Germany's highly skilled and highly organized working class. The war cannot add to any • of; these achievements. "t;. *.: : ; ' •X_- jz a*»-—eitiiu.ur_X-i_it__ S.pv 3 dents I go] to war. It closes the facto ries. The workmen have gone to, war. War does not in any way add to the progress of science. This war destroys and kills the highly trained workmen by the thousands. It will take Germany generations to regain the commerce which is being destroyed by the war. And what can the kaiser gain? He cannot gain any territory from the French because France contains no more Germans. And the Alsatians, although German, have not been di- ' "STARVING THE WAR" AND THE FARMERS Talk of starving the war and feed ing America shows a lack of economic knowledge on the part of those re sponsible for it. Industrial paralysis brought on by the war is one of the causes of the present high prices and working class suffering. Restricting exports to Europe would only make more workers suffer on the European side, and cause further industrial de pression on this side. It is zeal mis placed for American Socialists to an tagonize the farmers by spoiling their markets and looks as though they did not understand capitalism and the So cialist philosophy, or did not want the support of the farming element. —Ida Crouch Hazlett. David Starr Jordan thinks famine will end the war in another year. • • • • I Next Saturday Night's f i Entertainment To • | Be a Hummer I Z Comrade Heller has a fine % X program for the Minstrels next J Z Saturday. He is introducing the ♦ y 8 Belles in a .tuney dancing '*, <b 8 Belles in a tuney dancing 4, Z number. Z % Hut the big laugh is in the % 1 funny sketch, a FHONEY i y FHONE. This rapid fire sketch 4 <y <i> y will introduce the entire com- y X, pany in one big laugh provoking % / % medley of nonsense. "/ '% Baby Retta, the little come- % Z dian, will be with us again, and ♦ y the vaudeville end of the show y Z, will be full of good hits and Z, I smiles. y Z Don't forget, 10c is the price 9 y for adults and 10c for children jy Z and one big time is GUARAN- -;, % TEED. t WORKERS OF THE WORLD UNITE! YOU HAVE NOTHING TO LOBE BUT YOUR CHAINS. YOU HAVE A WORLD TO WIN Next, wo ask each individual road or who Is Interested in th»> upbuilding of the paper, to got a single uub, If It be for no more than 10 or II centH. On February 4th wo will Issue an anniversary number Lot our slogan from now until then be. "KACII ONI liK'l" ONK." Use the special blank printed elsewhere in this Issue, for this purpose, and he sure to have It In before February 4th, as wo want to make a report in that edition as to the outcome of this plan. Now. ooinriulos, It |g up to you to say whether or not this report will be I a creditable one. 1-vt us be enthu-j siastie, aud show our appreciation of this plucky little paper, that Is enter ing the New Year so hopefully, by each one doing his utmost toward building up the Socialist press. Let us make the anniversary a new mile stone on the road to the co-operative commonwealth. gested in forty-four years. Todny they prefer French government to Yunker government. The kaiser cannot get any German territory unless he gets it from his ally, Austria, ■ country which be is now trying to defend, or from Holland or Switzerland, which are neutral na tions. .And It is a fallacy to believe that Germany, or for that matter England or Russia, can win any trade by win ning the war. In small states like Sweden, Holland. Belgium or Switzerland, that have no militarism and no irreat navies, eco nomic and trade conditions are just as gfM«l us in Roams, Germany, England and | Austria, that j have great armies and navies." X" .Nor ,'do colonies add - Anything worth i ' xvnlfe to me rratfe -of a'"iMth»ii>^w^- s?»r v'Great: BrttMii. tint '■'linn the most colonies on earth, 'does twice as much trade with foreign countries as with its colonies. .:*»'' The foreign trade of most great countries is mainly with nations over which they exercise no political con ■ trol. v'V:; The enormous extension of German trade in countries like Ifussia. the United States and South America owes nothing to Germany'h military power. Now, why should not Germany '« ' willing to make peace) FAKE DEMOCRACY The Rip-Saw, of St. Louis, has been figuring on disfranchisement in the south, with this result: Percentage i voting Alabama 4.8 Arkansas 9.6 Florida .06% Georgia 5.08 j Louisiana .04% \ Mississippi 3.07 North Carolina 11.04 Texas 7.50 Where the women have not the bal i lot about 20 per cent of the population ought to vote. Where the women are enfranchised the vote ought to be about 33 per cent of the population. It will be seen from the above figures how ridiculous are the claims of the democratic party, dominant in the south, to represent real democracy. UNEMPLOYED In our land of plenty, crops were fine, Yet the poor shudder with cold and dread, Want and poverty stalk the land, And labor "cries aloud for bread. They stretch out eager toll-worn hands ', And crowd and jostle for honest work, And hunger looks from eyes of men, Men who were never known to shirk. 1 Who bands labor this poverty grudge, Making them seekers of food and ! bed? ' Can they keep manhood and honor clean, When ravished with hunger, cold ', and dread? [i We wonder at vice, we wonder at crime, At. starving eyes with a wolfish gleam, At pleading humanity scorned unfed, 'Mid plenty starving today for bread. BELLE STEVENS, Arlington, Wash. The Ruling Spirit When Labor Seeks Justice Workers Get What Political Versus Industrial Action "WASHINGTON, D. C, Jan. s.—Ending 11 years of litigation the supreme court held today that some 200 Connecticut labor union members must pay $250,000 damages under the Sherman anti-trust law for the nation-wide boycott of D, E. Loewe & Co., the Danbury, Conn., hat manufac turers who refused to unionize their shops. The bank accounts and homes of many of the men are already under attachment to pay the judgment. The next step will probably be a foreclosure.'' THE STORM CLOtJB IN THE FAR EAST WILL AMERICA REMAIN NEUTRAL By EDWIN F. BOWERS, It D. So long as profits accrue to Amerl ican capitalists by the preservation oil jttrrct lieuirality, the United States ' will be involved in the present world mania only to the extent of the inno ! cent bystander. When "profits" are threatened, however, "diplomacy" will pave the way for "Interference." This ( will spell war for America. The cloud, no larger than a man's hand, already is looming on the east jem horizon. The conquest of the ; German Pacific territory by the Japanese will "threaten the integrity" jof our insular possessions. Sooner or later we will "protest," which signi fies in the language of diplomacy that the shoulder adorned with the conspi cuous chip will be turned to the Japs. Secure in the conviction of their mari time prowess, they will promptly knock it off. Then we will have a "righteous war" on our hands, a "war in defense of the flag" or of "civilization." All the blatant and high-sounding sop that has tickled the ears of the fighters for I centuries will be fed ad nauseam to ' the "patriots." And these patriots) will provide blood and bralnß as lubricants wherewith to grease the golden chute of profits. Japan, in coming to the assistance of her ally, England, in this crisis is justly entitled by all the rules of the game to battle-help from this source. That they will get it is a foregone con clusion. We have been told that the Euro-' pean nations are at war because of a "social system" which has created military bureaucracies. But the cause which operates universally—the chief head and front of the offense —is tho "profit system." We in the United States have no bureaucracy. Yet when profits were threatened in Mexico, it required little persuasion for Mr. Wilson to send our warships to Vera Cruz on the flimsy pretext of an "insult" offered by a drunken debauchee, an ignorant half breed, from whom an insult should have been considered a compliment. If Japan menaces our profitable ex ploitations and prospects in the Far East, why may we not expect serv iceable old neutrality to be laid on the top shelf, to be brought back to the front page only when the action which threatens our profits be prop erly "adjusted." Will America remain neutral? Yes— just as long as it continues profitable. i A man should allow himself to grow, to bud, to blossom and to bear fruit, and not be satisfied with the rotten apples under the tree. —Robert G. In gersoll. EVERETT. WASHINGTON. THURSDAY, JANUARY 7, l!)ir>. PARTY NEWS IN BRIEF By H. W. WATTS. The Italian Socialists are now at odds on the question of neutrality. "If you are too poor to eat meat, eat cottonseed meal," is the advice of Dr. Fraps, government hemi-t for Texas. The Socialists (?) of France have just issued a manifesto expressing their confidence in the government. George Welll, Socialist deputy for Metz, Alsace-Loralne, in the German Reichstag, joined the French army at the outbreak of the war. In Vancouver, B. C, every Socialist speaker must get a permit from the city council before he can speak on a public platform. Progressives in Wisconsin are join ing the Social-Democratic party. One local took in 33 new members at one business meeting. Alexandra Kolloniag, a well known Russian woman Socialist, has been ar rested in Stockholm, Sweden, for writing anti-military articles for the official paper of the Young Socialist party. A French Socialist paper states that Karl Liebknecht has been ordered to join his regiment at the front. Ap- CRIMES COSTING CHICAGO $10,000,000 EACH YEAR CHICAGO. Crime costs Chicago not less than $10,000,000 a year. This estimate was given by Alderman Cbarlei 18, Merriam. "This Hum includes Hie salaries and expenses of Hie police, judges, private patrolmen and various institutions provided for housing criminals in cus tody," he said. "More than 100,000 persons were ar rested last year. Of this number ap proximately two-thirds were dis charged. The greater part of those convicted go to the house of correc tion. Of the number convicted more than one-half were 'repeaters.1 " , "It takes a hundred men to make an encampment, but one woman can make a home." —Robert G. Ingersoll. HARD TIMES RESULT IN INCREASE OF CRIME IN CHICAGO There were 137,575 prosecutions in the municipal court during the past year for felonies, misdemeanors and violations of city ordinances, according to a report issued recently by Frank P. Raniseh, clerk of the criminal branch. Of these cases, 134,438 were disposed of. Tables compiled by ■ Danisoh show Increases in the following felonies and misdemeanors: I 1912. 1913. 1914. Murder 87 103 120 Burglary 1.151 1,320 1850 Robbery 1,015 1,178 1,350 Assaults with deadly weapons 1,327 1,458 1748 Petty larceny 2,824 2)988 4^045 Receiving stolen property 167 202 342 They Vote For i parently the government feared to : charge him with high treason for vot | ing against the war credits and find ; this the easiest way to get rid of him. The British government has sup , pressed the following papers for being i anti-militarist: The Dublin Leader, ; ward, the Manchester Labor Leader i and the Hudderfield Worker. The ; government also threatens to confis j cate the plants of publishers who ' print anti-militarist articles. 11 H. M. Fitzgerald, the well known : orator of Canada, has been arrested in I Vancouver, B C, on a charge of sedi tion. He has elected for trial by jury ; which will take place in the spring i assizes. Great interest is being , manifested in the case and the Social ist representatives in the legislature , are preparing to wage a great fight in his defense. Poland is suffering even worse than ( Belgium in the present war. When the Russians retreated from the city of Ix>dz they took everything that was of value to them away, leaving the population of 300,000 destitute. The Germans now occupy the city, which is almost in ruins and every factory |is closed and 150,000 people thrown out of work. Men, women and chil dren are shivering and starving in the streets and girls by the hundreds of fer their virtue for food and shelter. SANGUINARY RAILROADS Q&ttyiburg was one of the bloodiest battles of modern times. Probably every state in the union and nearly every populous community in the na tion were represented in the list of heroes that fell on that field. But last year, as in every year, in round number*, twice as many people were killed o nthe railroads, and four times as many injured as fell in that sanguinary battle. These figures are startling, and it would be well if by thus being Btartled the state and the nation could be led to do something more than has been done to reduce this frightful slaughter. Liberty is the air of the soul, the sunshine of life. AVithout it, the world is a prison, and the universe an in finite dungeon.—Robert G. Ingersoll. THE FIRST/' I. W. W." From the French of VICTOR HUGO Was It a flream- wan I awake? Imagine it. A man wan he Greek, Jew, Chinese, Turk, Persian? A member of the party of order, truthful Arif] grave, said to me: "This judicial death Striking this charlatan, shameless Anarchist, Is just. Order am] authority must defend Themselves. How suffer them to be discussed? BMldet, the laws are there to be executed. They are eternal truths that must be made To prevail, even at the price of the scaffold. This innovator preached a philosophy: l/ove, progress, empty words that I mistrust. !!<■ ridiculed our ancient and venerable worship. This man was of those who regard nothing holy. He reverenced nothing that we reverence. In order to inoculate them with his suspicious doctrine, He went about, picking up in all the most wretched places Cowherds, fishermen, choleric rogues, Unclean tatterdemalions having neither money nor scrip; He entertained this rabble even in his guest chamber. He did not address himself to the intelligent man, Wise, honorable, having rents, money, wealth; He cared for nothing; he led the masses astray; With grimaces and fingers raised in air, He pretended to heal the sick and wounded. Contrary to the laws. But that was not enough: The impostor, if you please, raised the dead from the graves. He took fictitious names and counterfeit qualities, He passed himself off for what he was not. He rambled about at random, saying: "Follow me!" Sometimes in the country and sometimes in the town. Was it not enough to stir up civil war, Contumely and hate among the citizens? One saw running toward him frightful pagans Lying in the ditches and in the limekilns, One a cripple, another deaf, another with a plaster over his ej Another scraping his sores with an old piece of broken glass The honest man, indignant, retired into his house, When this juggler passed with such a crew. On a holiday, one day, I no longer know which, This man took a whip, and crying, declaiming, ' He drove out of the temple, and very brutally, Licensed merchants, the fact is authenticated, Very worthy people who kept shop on the temple grounds By the permission of those who, I think, had the right Of the clergy, who received a part of their profit. He drew in his suite a sort of girl. He went about perorating, shaking the family, Religion and society; He undermined morality and property; The people followed him, leaving their fields fallow; It was very dangerous. He attacked the rich, He fawned upon the poor, affirming that here below Men are equal and brothers, that there is not Any great or little .neither slaves nor masters, That the fruit of the earth is for all; as for the priests. He tore them to pieces; in short, he blasphemed. That In the street! He related all these horrible things To the first cloakless and shoeless beggars that came. An end .had to be made of it, the laws were explicit He was crucified." These words, spoken with a gentle air, Struck me. I said to him: "But who then are you?" He replied: "Indeed an example was necessary I am called Elizab, and I am a scribe of -the temple." "And of whom do you speak?" I demanded. He replied "Why, of that vagabond who was named Jesus Christ." U. S. MINE DISASTERS KILL 3,651 IN YEAR | INJURE 100,000; DEATH RATE IS HELD UNNECESSARY AND DISCREDIT TO NATION WASHINGTON, D. C, Jan. 2.—A i casualty list of American mines and '• quarries, issued by the bureau of mines, shows 3,651 men killed last year and estimated the injuries at not \ less than 100,000 This was a death rate of 3.49 in every thousand of the j 1,074,010 men employed in the indus tries. Such a death rate, Dr. Joseph A. Holmes, director of the bureau, de clared was "excessive and unneces sary and a discredit to the industry and the country." "In the last three years, as far back as the records of the bureau covering certain branches of the in-' dustry go, the mines and quarries of the United States have swallowed up 10,487 human lives and have incapa- j citated temporarily probably a quarter of a million men. "I believe I am conservative when I say that half of the 3,651 men killed I in the year 1913 might have been saved and three-fourths of the 100,000 men injured in the same year might have escaped injury had all the vari ous agencies involved, the operators, the miners and the state and national governments done their full duty in the matter. For the bureau of mines, as representing the federal govern ment, I can say that, owing to a lack of adequate funds, this bureau has fallen short of doing its full part." 1 year, $1; 6 months, 50c; 3 months, 25c; 5 weeks, 10c. "EACH ONE GET ONE" Fifth Anniversary Number ("lit out this blank and mail it, together with the price of a renewal, extension or new subscription, before Feb. 4th issue. Name Post Office State Amount New Renewal EUGENE V. DEBS A prairie ploughboy (meaning me), Because his love is deep for thee, Sends thee his greetings hence; Accepts the gauntlet's fighting chance, And of its ploughshare builds a lance To wield in thy defense. The child with golden spoon and bowl Is trained to have no proper soul For children robed in rags, E'en though beneath those fluttering shreds A heart of love its glory spreads, Like sunlight on the crags. Not since the dawn of History's light Hath ever lived a worthier knight Than one who champions these; Thy generous heart befriends the poor, Would see the Toiler's Right secure, His worthy soul at ease. The men who ride on golden wheels May chide thee —chide the man who feels- — Feels for his fellow man; Thou shalt do and dare for thine, Thy glorious mission is divine, Thy life refutes their ban. —Edwin Oliver Ropp. Positive, Moose; comparative, Bull Moose; superlative, Vamoose. They say the Colonel has finally be come reconciled to being regarded merely as an ex-president.—Cincinnati Times-Star. We love our Przemysl, but oh, you Przsansyz!—Columbia State. No. 209.