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DEBS! Hy WAI.TKK .If AN DAVIS It it not hit craft nor creed, It la not the winged word That springs from his soul to his lips, at need, And, flying. Is felt and heard: But something down in us all That makes us respect the man Who says unto great and small: "You've a right to do what you can; You've a right to preserve and keep Such things as the gods gave you; You've a right to your hours of sleep. And the worth of the things you do. You've a right to the million or dime That your brain or your brawn has won; But not in the length of time, In the light of the moon or sun. Have you right to a thing That you steal or wring From me, or from any one." NATURAL-BORN SLAVES Masters Use Public Schools to Keep Workers in Ignorance. Aristotle, one of the greatest and most humane philosophers of ancient Greece, speaking of his fellow men, said: "The lower sort are by nature slaves, and it is better for them, as for all inferiors, that they should be under the rule of a master. The use made of slaves or of tame animals is not very different, for both with their bodies minister to the need of life. It is clear then, that some men are by nature free and others slaves, and that for these latter slavery Is both expedient and rignt." An educator who would voice such sentiments today would be regarded as hopelessly at variance with the spirit of our times. And yet this is precisely the condition that the mass of them are in today. Of all the fac tors that keep the working class oc cupying a position in society but little above the tame animal, and serving the masters of bread in exactly the same capacity as the chattle slave in the days of Aristotle, there is none in the United States more efficient than the public school. Of course, a part of our education makes for effi ficiency in production and by the spreading of scientific knowledge thereby so increases intelligence that ancient superstitions are _ forced to take to cover; yet the capitalistic school was called into existence to perpetuate the present system of ex ploitation and bolster the unstable po sition of the masters. Poverty is the great crime of the twentieth century, and the greatest bulwark of poverty is ignorance. Ig Will You Help Rivet the Chains? Do you want to boost for the capi talist class? Do you wish to fasten tighter the manacles of wage slavery upon the wrists of the workers? Then there is one certain way to do it. Neglect your own press, and invest your occasional nickel in some Bull Moose reform capitalist sheet. Or knock your own pre««. Watch for defects with a magnify ing glass, while forgetting that what ever be the shortcomings of the So cialist press as a whole, it is the one big factor that is undermining the system of wage-slavery and exposing the fallacies offered in defense of capitalism. We must turn upon this so-called "civilization" the strong light of our Socialist logic. We must treat it with Your Birthday Remembrance! 1 year, $1; 6 months, 50c; 3 months, 25c ; 5 weeks, 10c. "EACH ONE GET ONE" Fifth Birthday Number Cut out this blank and mail it, together will] the price of a renewal, extension or new subscription, before Fel). 4th issue. Name Post Office State Amount New Renewal Washington Socialist ! SOCIALIST EDUCATIONAL BUREAU BEGINS WORK FOR THE YEAR Two yours ago the State Socialist Educational Bureau was founded; with J. 12. Sinclair nt Its head. Comrade Sinclair resigned after the work of thi- year was accomplished . and J. M. Suiter was choosen to fill tho^unexpired term. After the state convention of 1914, Comrade Suitor was continued as secretary of Iho bureau. Tho purpoßO of the bureau Is to urge and aM the Socialists to partici pate fn school elections in order to elect Socialists to school boards and I to place Socialist teachers in districts where they are desired. The bureau has been a great success. Through its efforts scores of directors have been elected to school boards, and many revolutionary teachers have been placed in good positions. This year the bureau has begun with renewed enthusiasm its campaign for working-class control of the schools. We bespeak for the bureau the hearty support of all who have at heart the continued progress of the working class toward industrial freedom under the co-operative commonwealth, j _ . NOTICE OF SCHOOL ELECTION I Saturday, March 6th, school dis -1 tricts of the third class will hold their annual elections for school directors. j Locals are urged to take an active . part in these elections, and Socialists ' in unorganized localities are request ' ed to try to place Socialists on school boards. Results of the elections ! should be sent to the secretary of the bureau as soon as it is possible to ■ do so. I Any suggestions relating to the school campaign should be sent jto the-secretary, U M. Salter. 1901 Rain ier avenue, r Everett, 'Wash. I This matter will be brought before ! the state executive committee at its I next meeting, January 24, 1915, with ! the hope that the whole state organi zation will give support' to the : bureau. i . norance of the economic truths that ■A/ill forever abolish poverty is care fully fostered In our public schools. : Comrades, let is make a mighty on slaught on ignorance; a victory that will be an Inspiration to the rest of the world. Let us begin our advance ' now. Capture the schools of the state ' and educate our children for a co operative commonwealth; for an in dustrial democracy Instead of a com ' petitive hell, and the Iron Heel of • oligarchy. the contempt, ridicule and criticism it so well merits. Will YOU, reader, help to do your share? Yes? Then roll up your sleeves and get, at least, one subscrip tion for the Birthday Number. The response to this plan in meet ing with the most encouraging resultß. Remember that no one else will do anything for YOU. you must do it for yourself. "The world's life hangs on your right hand! Your strong right hand! Your skilled right hand! You hold the whole world in your hand, Bm to It what you do! Or dark or light, Or wrong or right, The world is made by YOU!" WORKERS OF THE WORLD UNITE! YOU HAVE NOTHING TO LOSE BUT YOUR CHAINS. YOU HAVE A WORLD TO WIN DEBS IN THE FAMOUS GREEK THEATRE AT THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA Wlhmi comrade Helm wiih making his memorable campaign in California in ttOt, the present writer MM editor Of The World, a weekly paper owneil hy Hrniich Oakland, but which func tioned at that time as a state paper Kepieseiitlmt the Socialist press, it was OUT BOOd fortune to Inl soatoil in th evuHt amphitheatre clone to the ■pWtkflTi OUT '<lene. " A man 'at stands. And jest holds out his two hands; As warm a heart as ever heat Betwixt here and the joilgmcnt seat." Although It was a week day ufter niioii mooting, between five and six thousand people had laiil off work to go hear the r.real orator of the social revolution. It was a great meeting! At the conclusion of Debs' splendid speech, the president of the univer sity. Dr. B. I Wheeler, came to our comrade and warmly shook hand* with him. congratulating him on his power ful address. For this honest recogni tion of true worth, Dr. Wheeler was severely criticised by the reactionary press, and a movement was started to have him ousted from the university. But the "movement" did not move very far. "Academic freedom" has not yet become so glaring a joke. HOW DEBS JARRED A DEVOUT DEMOCRAT In the course of his stirring address, comrade Debs took occasion to show where the different capitaliHt parties "stood," —and why they didn't move forward. Commenting on the demo cratic platform and principles, Debs called attention to the fact, well un derstood by all. Socialists, that the "party of Jefferson" stands for an in dividualism and competition in trade which are out of harmony with mod ern industrial development. Said Debs on this point: Centralization and co-operation are the great forces of the age; they are steadily paving the way to the new social order that is evolving. At the beginning of this system competition was the natural order of things. Every man could com pete upon equal terms with every other. Every man could virtually fin ploy himself, since work was done with simple, cheap and prim itive tools, and these as a rule were owned and controlled by the man who used them. Man is a tool-using animal, and without tools he is helpless, and soon re lapses into savagery. So when every man used the tool by which he was living, com petition was the natural order. It was then a constructive prin ciple, and It was properly said that "competition is the life of trade." Competition has run its course since the machine took the place of the hand tool. This marks the greatest change in the world's history. When the ma chine supplanted the hand tool a new principle was introduced. This principle was co-operation in stead of competition. When the machine tool took the place of the hand tool tho Individual worker had to discard his little shop where ho worked for himself and where he lived the life of the In dividualist on a low plane. He had to desert his little shop, throw aside his individual tool and be re cruited into an army—a co-opera tive industrial army. At this time the small employer became the capitalist as we understand him today. It was at this point that the modern capitalist was born and the exploitation of the working cliiKH began in its new form. In this process the worker lost con trol of the tools with which lie worked. It was then that his DR. MANNING'S QUACK REMEDIES GIVEN FREE Rotten Mass of Fallacies and Mis representations Offered the Gullible. A certain Dr. Manning abused the privileges of the High school audi torium liist night with an* hour and a half of the most putrid mats of glar ing fallacies and either deliberate or ignorant misrepresentations of facts BVHRBTT. WASHINGTON. THURSDAY, JANUARY 21, KM* economic dopelidiineo began; It has been intensll'yinr, from that time ilown to the present. ECONOMIC CLASSES Another very Important change took place; there began the dlvl ■iOD of modern society Into two dletlnol opposing economic classes: the class of 100 l owners and (lie class of 1001-nnerti. Up to this time the employer had him self heen the working man. Then he became the exploiter, and jour neymen no longer worked side by Hide with the worker! but became the owner of the. machine and the oppressor of the labor power, This development Is about com plete A large number of the smaller capitalists are struggling In vain for their existence. Can You Prevent Socialism? Can you prevent Si dullmn? Can you hiis|)i'ikl the law of gravita tion? Can you prevent the rivers from finding their way to the sea? Capitalism under which we li<re evolved from feudalism, So clalism Ih evolving from capital- Ism. Why the fallen capitalists are the chief propagMJUvta for the Socialists' movement! Every time Rockefeller puts ono of you Fit •tie fellows out of business he furnishes us with a recruit. You only change as you are compelled to change. As long as you thrive in capitalism you are a capitalist —you are opposed to change. You are not even open to convic tion. You would no* even enter tain a suggestion. Now then, I am here to say that even if you are getting along in capitalism you are not living. You are en > gaging in a fierce, remorseless and savage warfare „ Competition that was a constructive principle has become a destructive prin ciple. If you are a capitalist and you are competing against other capitalists you are trying to put them out of business. This is the basis of your alleged Christianity. After you try all week to strangle your competitor and put hid Wife and children on the street, you go to church on Sunday to be told that you must love your fellow men as yourself. How much can you love the man you are trying to devour? How much can he love you? HE WANTED TO KNOW DEBS TOLD HIM And so Debs continued to show the more or less bourgeois crowd present as to just "where they were at," until a leading democrat, from Oakland, a lawyer, jumped up from his seat and asked permission to put several ques tions for Debs to answer. Contrary to the methods of old party candi dates, comrade Debs cheerfully grant ed the questions. Our note book shows the following: ABOUT THE CONSTITUTION Mr. Jones: "If you find the con stitution of the United States stands in the way of carrying out the Social istic plan, how will you get around it?" "That is easy. In tho Bimplest manner possible. We Will not be bound by a constitution adopted a century and a half ago to begin with. When Socialism comes into power we Will cease being governed by the dead. When Socialism comes into power we are going to abolish absolutely the capitalistic state. We are going to •übitltuta for the government: of men the domination of things. I am not certain whether we will have a su preme court at all. Ninety-nine per cent of the litigation that, is in pro gress is traceable directly or Indi rectly to the private ownership of the sources and means of life!" and principles that ever insulted the intelligence of an Everett audience. The editor of this paper called him to account for his stupid or malicious misrepresentation of Marx, and chal lenged him to debate with a represen tative of the Socialist party. The "doctor" declined and "beat it" off the stage. "There are thousands hacking at branches of evil, to one who is strik ing at the root." —Henry Thoreau. Mr. Joneß: "I want to ask one more question I am here Reeking light. Inasmuch as the constitution urn i come from the people as the sovereign power, must there not first l" ;i chnnge of the constitution before there can become a Socialistic ad ministration of the government?" SOCIALISM A REVOLUTION "In answer to the gentleman's ques tion I haVo, to Hay that the Socialist movement expresses the spirit and pufpoM of the, stave.ry revolution, and revolutions make very short work of existing institutions. Now the gentle man must bear in mind that it is not any reform work we are seeking to inaugurate—we are not going to patch up the existing system. We are going to abolish it entirely, and if the constitution stands in the way we will wipe that out. I do not in the least doubt that when the Socialist party sweeps into power it will be cotifronted by very grave problems. I have not the least doubt that it will solve them all. These same questions were asked Lincoln and the man who led in the movement against chattel slavery and they were asked in the spirit of anxiousness. All sorts of theories were advanced, all kinds of explanations were made, but men like Phillips and Garrison and others of that time said: 'These are all sec ondary questions—the one supreme issue is that of chattel slavery. We are going to wipe that out and we will trust the rest.' SOCIALISTS DO NOT WORRY "The Socialist movement says: 'We do not care anything about what lies beyond. We do know that wage slav ery is a crime, and we do know that at certain times the workers produce more than their masters can sell they are idie by thousands' There are millions of tramps the products of capitalism in this country. Our jails and penitentiaries are crowded with them. There are 800,000 fallen wom en in the United States. Under the capitalistic system prostitution is a fixed factor. Four millions of chil dren are working, and if there is a crime that should bring to the cheek of capitalistic society the crimson of shame, it is child labor. And woman! Uufler this" system, if she is the daughter of toil we know that she is an economic menial. We know, too, that she is a political nonentity. She is speechless, so far as citizen ship is concerned. ABOLITION OF WAGE SLAVERY THE ISSUE "At the bottom of all this lies wage slavery. We do not care anything about the minor questions they are asking; what we have our minds cen tered upon is wage slavery, and when we have swept into power politically, as we are going to do, just as sure as I stand in your presence, capitalism will fall, never to rise again. We will transfer the title of overseer from the Rockefellers, the Goulds and the Vanderbiltß to the people in their col lective capacity. Industry will be or ganized upon a co-operative basis. We will take possession of the social means of production—in other words, we workers will employ ourselves. The chief function of the caiptalistic government is to keep the worker in subjection. That is why— "[ have just been notified that my train is about to leave and I must stop. But I hope, my friends, to be able to return here sometime in the not far distant future and finish this speech in Berkeley. "And now let me say, you can hast en this change, or retard it if you will, but it is coming just as sure as the rivers find their way to the sea. It is coming- and nothing in the world can stop it. How soon it oomes lies principally with you." REAL SOURCE OF RICHES Success (by law of competition), sig nifies always so much victory over your neighbor as to obtain the direc tion of his work and take the profits of it. Tlila is the real source of all great riches. —Huskin. Gorky says, "In order to triumph in the struggle for existence one ought to have much'wisaoin, or the heart of ft beast." PEACE ON EARTH By EUGENE V. DEBS (The hundred daily, papers of the Scripps League embraced in the i Newspaper Enterprise Association re cently asked "the fifty most repre sentative persons in the United States to give their opinion—to tell in what way they think we Americans can be of most service in bringing back peace on earth and good will toward men." The following is Eugene V. Debs' con tribution to the symposium): There never has been "peace on earth and good will toward men," and we shall have to go forward and not backward to realize that ideal. Civi lization is still in a primitive, rudi mentary state. It has taken countless ages to bring us from the brute, the cave-man and the savage to where we arc today. The development has been painfully slow, but steady, and will continue to the farthest stretches of time. "Thou shalt not kill," is now the law. But it apples only to individ uals—not yet to nations. To slay yourj neighbor is murder, unless you are in uniform. But when the nation slays its neighbors and the killings amount into the thousands, it is not murder, but patriotism to be proud of, glorify and rejoice over. When shall peace come to earth? When the brute and savage shall have died in us and we have become hu man. In a word, peace will come to earth when humanity has been hu manized, civilization civilized, and Christianity Christianized. WAR HAD TO COME The war in Europe is a crime against civilization, but it had to come. It did noc come by chance. Every war has its cause. Modern wars are between rival nations for commercial . supremacy. It is of little use to cry out against I war while we tolerate a social sys tem that breeds war. Capitalism makes war inevitable. Capitalist nations not only exploit their workers, but ruthlessly invade, plunder and ravage one another. The profit system is responsible for it all. Abolish that, establish industrial de mocracy, produce for use, and the in centive to war vanishes. Until then men may talk about "peace on earth," but it will be a myth—or sarcasm. But there is no cause for despair. TROUBLE FOR "CONTRACT" BRIDGE TENDERS The bridge tenders on the Everett avenue bridge are in more trouble again. They evidently are sick of the job. It appears that Mr. Kelley promised 6116 ot them at least a house in which to live. But the house he was to have was the property of one' of the former tenders. Last week1 the bridge was held up 40 minutes. The tenders had the matter brought before the council, and Commissioner i Salter was ordered to get a load of! scrap iron with which to balance the' bridge. Engineer Hoover thoroughly ex amined the bridge and found the allignment perfect. The bridge was opened by hand, and by motor sev eral times. No evidence was found that it was out of balance. Commissioner Salter's appointees had no trouble in operating the bridge. But the "majority" took the bridge from Salter's control. The politicians of Everett would rather ruin the bridge than have it! Hear Debs Sunday! A FINAL WORD! The Debs Meeting PLACE—EVERETT THEATRE. TlME—Sunday afternoon, January 24th. Ticket office and doors of theatre will open at 1 p. m. Lecture commences at 2:30 sharp. SEATS— Regular seats 25c each; reserved seats 50c. Only 200 reserved seats. Each ticket is good for one year's subscription to the Rip-Saw, fill out the post card attached to the ticket and send to the Rip-Saw, St. Louis, Mo. Cards will be collected at meeting. Socialists having Debs tickets for sale should settle for same at the ticket office of the theatre. DO NOT NEGLECT THIS. All Debs workers are asked to be on hand promptly at 1 p. m. BE THERE! COME EARLY! DON'T CROWD! JUST BE THERE! That's all. The world is awaking and we are ap proaching the sunrise. We cannot stop the European war. ■ We can and will intervene when the time comes and do all in our power to restore peace. To end the war pre maturely, were that possible, , would simply mean another and perhaps even a bloodier catastrophe. Let us show the ' people '. the true cause of war. Let us arouse a senti ment against war. Let us teach the children to abhor war. WHAT SOCIALISTS SAID FORTY YEARS AGO More than forty years ago the So cialists of Europe declared: "We are against all wars, and es pecially against dynastic wars. With sincerest regret do we accept the un avoidable ' evils jof a defensive war, and we demand that the recurrence of such a social calamity be j made Im possible for all time to come by vest ing in "the people themselves the power, to decide over war and peace." The proposition is here made to put an end to war by democratizing war. In all the history of the /.world ; the people have never declared a war. A constitutional ' amendment ~■ pro viding that no war shall be declared except by a vote of the people, and that, as Allan Benson has suggested, if war is declared they ,who; voted for it shall be the first to go to the front, would put an end ,to war for ever in this country. Women Will Help Abolish War Woman, although the most vital • factor in war and. its ■ most keenly . suffering victim, has always been con temputuously ignored •when; war I has been declared. Give woman the bal lot on equal terms with, man in every state of this union and a ■' mighty I adr vance will; have V Jjgp ifiade, tWftni . driving " the * horrible scourge "of war " from the face of the earth. The earth is filled with its bounties, there is light in every brain and good in every heart; let us rejoice that we live at a time when old wrongs are being uprooted and new; rights being proclaimed; when : the night is pass- . ing and the better day is dawning when all shall join rapturously in the divine anthem— "PEACE ON , EARTH AND GOOD WILL TOWARD , MEN.";. /:; ft &i ' SCHOOL BOARD NEGLECTS TO PROTECT CHILDREN ; Anything endangering life or health ! near srimni buildings in the city, has ' heretofore FeSfctsivfld prompt attention r from the school board. The city engineer has always been ' | freely called upon to remedy any de- Mfect that was inimical to the welfare L of the pupils of our schools. For several months a most danger ; our condition has existed near the '! Jackson school. A deep unfilled ■ | sewer that during heavy rains fills to ' overflowing, varying in depth from 2 to 10 feet, flows dangerously near the school house. Several parents have made complaint but not a word from the board. Some people are ungenerous enough to connect the facts that Mr. Miley, who, as a contractor, is Interested in the construction of the trunk sewer, is also a member of the school board. perfectly operated under a Socialist commissioner. No. 211.