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VAST AUDIENCE FILLS EVERETT • THEATRE TO HEAR DEBS' LARGE AUDIENCE IS V? . ADDRESSED BY DEBS; SPEAKS OF WAR *•.-...'.- __ -^-WM— . (Prom the Everett Dally Herald) iEugene \V.\ Debs,, thrice [candidate for president of the United States on Ll}- socialist ticket, addressed an audi ence": that filled the* Everett theatre yesterday afternoon, to - hear him. Prefacing his ? address was a brief statement by Maynard Shipley that the socialist movement .was educa tional, and Debs. offered nothing new. Shipley declared the class struggle in the United States has at i this time created a more terrible warfare than the conflict in Europe, having as a difference only ! the form. jj Socialism, he said, would set tree >not only the bodies but the souls of men. - ? Human brotherhood, said Debs, has ever been the dream of the philoso pher, the hope of the prophet, never realized, but about to be through the . development of the socialist' party. Never, he said, had a people been self governed ■ and that E government ?? Is a denial of freedom. The realiza tion of the lofty ideals of the social -1 ists, whereby would come, a division .: of dollars according to socialist ideals, would solve every human ■■ problem. ? ?--/ Between dividends and wages, he said, is an irreconcilable conflict; that men grow rich because they pro duce nothing and others remain poor because they produce everything. He stated | that. 4,000,000 -•" workers are 'idle in the united states now, and that with a record cotton crop in the* south and idle textile mills in New England, and starving workers wanting oppor -7 tunity to join the cotton and the mills In wealth production, these constitute * i*l ■~.' t"... '...iu^ii*:. .i.'.^.i ....' ..'i'vuit . perity. *:',7? •-...■-. " '"'" These facts, said the speaker, mere ly prove that the owners of the ma chinery of production, jj constituting the government and dictating the in dustrial and financial system, - could no longer control their own system and were unable to force it to operate to produce * profits and thereby " keep workers busy. The system, he added, had fulfilled its purpose and that the time is at hand to supplant it with one founded on sanity, not only in the interest of the , workers but for the welfare of all humanity. That the de terioration of the wage-system of wealth distribution was so apparent, and the necessity of reorganizing so ciety on a socialistic basis also so evi dent, that the proposal needed no argument. The Militia Whether in an autocracy, a limited monarchy, or a republic, continuation of the capitalistic system, said the speaker, depends for its preservation upon some form of militarism. In the United States this was found in the state militia organizations, he stated, adding that the only times it was nec essary to preserve order was when the workers wanted something. Referring to the war in Europe, Debs declared it to be the outgrowth of capitalism. Nations unable to con sume their wealth products, he de clared, depend upon foreign markets for disposition of the surplus.. Ultim ately and inevitably, he said, the struggle to control the foreign market led to war between the competing na tions. Debs said a law of the United States makes every man between the ages of 18 and 45 years a soldier, adding that this law had been surreptitiously passed, without publicity at the time, and that few residents of the country knew of its existence. War and Peace Stating that on the day when the people of the United States joined in prayer for the restoration of peace in Europe 18,000,000 rifle cartridges left New York on a ship for Europe. Debs said: "Prayers are cheap, but there is profit In powder and munitions of war." The statement was greeted with cheers and jeers by the big audi ence. The only bona fide peace movement. Bald Debs, is the socialist movement, the church, The Hague tribunal, etc., being failures, governmental protesta tions of neutrality being pure hypo crisy. Only in the change that would result In an exchange, without profit, of the surplus products of various na tions, could there be hope of enduring mamWmamJßaW 9J m W&MM mmWrnW * aWW m m Washington Socialist DEBS AROUSES WORKERS FULL HOUSE GREETS Ah OUR 'GENE . _~ -, IFULL HOUSE GREETS OUR GENE Makes Telling Points When comrade Debs stepped upon the stage of the Everett theatre last Sunday afternoon, he received a trem •.nflous ovation; „The house was full. and the vast audience listened to our ?''Gone""? with rapt attention. Debs scored the capitalist system as an outgrown institution which no I longer serves t the intorests of humanity, and urged his hearers to unitefwith the Socialists politically, and with their brother wage-slaves in dustrially (unionized), for the purpose of transforming present-day society from its anti-social nature and pur pose : to J a social democracy, under which man's better qualities will be nurtured and a genuine brotherhood is scored the capitalist system an outgrown institution which longer serves , the inter, si.* lumanlty, and urged his hearers to le with the Socialists politically, with their brother wageslaves in trially (unionized I. for the purpose transforming present-day society n its anti-social nature and pur- I to a social democracy, under eh man's better qualities will be tured and a genuine brotherhood of nan established. - Comrade Debs was in excellent form, and everyone who had heard him previously said that Sunday's speech was even better than the stir ring addresses given here on other occasions. Much enthusiasm for the Cause was aroused, and .the visit of comrade Debs in Everett at this time cannot but result in a permanent ad vance of the local movement."" 4? SHIPLEY DID j NOT SAY ■ 'MORE TERRIBLE WAR FARE" IN UNITED ?'*? STATES Class Struggle in America Is '' More Important ; In * reporting' his introductory re marks, at the Debs . meeting, the' Herald inadvertently misquotes what, the editor of this paper said. He did : wet. i.,^,- 1,.1. ■ - "',.1 i..a.~rfi ■..-.w.iii., I ■ JLv. the United States has created a more terrible warfare than the conflict in Europe." There could not be a '"more ' terrible warfare" than that In which the Christian [ anti-Socialists of Eu : rope are engaged. Shipley said that— "The horrible orgy of anarchy and wholesale murder which the capitalist ' class of Europe are indulging in at ' this time, has . diverted the public's attention 'from the less spectacular; but far more important, struggle , which is going on today right here in America: I refer: to the class-con scious struggle of the more enlighten ed workers for the-abolition of wage slavery, with its degrading extremes i of poverty for the many ' and of in ordinate (unearned) wealth for the few.",,. ... a,. -J ."Far more important," that's what | Shipley said of the class struggle In America. ■ The struggle for abolition of wage slavery in the United States is more Important than the horrible warfare in Europe for the reason that the con flict in that devastated land is futile 1 and purposeless, so far as human ad vancement is concerned; worse, it will turn back the upward struggle of man biologically, if not sociologically, thousands of years. And after "vic tory" is declared by one faction or the other, it will be but the victory of | brute force and greed over Intellect ' and progress, as represented by what was fast becoming a great interna -1 tional working-class movement for I abolition of economic servitude and | wage-slavery, and the establishment 1 of the brotherhood of man under in ternational industrial democracy. ABOUT THOSE DEBS TICKETS i -.. ' i Comrades who" have not yet settled for their Debs tickets should do so !AT ONCE and prevent delay. Settle j at the county office, Socialist party, Everett, Wash., or write Carl Ulonska, 1612 California street. ';?*? V? i . . i Don't forget the basket social to be held a week from next Sun day, February 7, at 8 o'clock, So cialist Party Headquarters, 1612 California street. 1 The Young People's league will , take part and a general good time for all will be had. For further information call up comrade Tillie Roeder, Ind. 253 Z. peace on earth, and that this could not be until the workers had risen in re bellion against government and rear ranged society on such a basis that no other man than the worker could share in the product of that worker. WORKERS OF THE WORLD UNITE! YOU HAVE NOTHING TO LOSE BUT YOUR CHAINS. YOU HAVE A WORLD TO WIN DR. MANNING'S GOSPEL OF ABSTINENCE AS A SOLUTION OF THE PROBLEM OF POVERTY Everett Workers Are Paid Wore Wages' Than the Value of Their Products Says Local Philosopher DR. MANNING EXHIBIT ON "WHY THE PEOPLE ARE HUNGRY" v ■ People Are Poor Because They Don't Go Without What They Need, Says Lecturer .?w? Superabundant Wealth Production I* for Benefit of Employing Class Only According to "Econ omist" Manning One of the boldest exhibits of bour geois clap-trap, masquerading under the guise of friendly advice to wage workers, was offered a none-too-Intel llgent public last, week from the stage of the High school auditorium. Such perversions of simple truisms, twist- Ings and contortions of facts and allu sions, to suit the.lecturer's economic interests as profit-monger! Such topsy-turvy reasoning (?) and absurd paradoxes! We have the lecture, as reported by the dally papers, placed on file and marked exhibit "A." People are hungry, declared, Dr. Manning, not because of what they don't get, but because of what they spend! Cold type will never be able to con vey any idea of the grim, hard, sel fish, brutal complacency of the lec turer's point of view. One must need come into the physical presence of such a personality before the male volence of his sugar-coated j doctrine of abstinence and low-living could be tall"* appreciated.; ? * 7 'lYou '*I*)**' 7 ."who*** l"'"J; r| .'alyirj*, crystalized in the' billions of , dollars of "capital" held by the owning class of this country, read this gem from Dr. Manning's lecture: "We hear much that manual labor does not get its share of the products ;of labor. It it not true that Everett labor is paid more than it produces our plumbers, carpenters, masons and so-called common laborers? Considering the quality and quantity of their product, are they not paid more than their services are worth?" That Bank Account. Dr. Manning is at least uncompli mentary to his own class when he i tells them they are paying more for labor-power than they realize from its use. But then, there's that bank ac count to offset the doctor's slam. One must needs have —under- standing^ — the "bard-headed busi ness" philosophy of this candid re vealer of capitalist class philosophy to appreciate the sinister wish and de sign of the speaker. Were this same "scholarly" gentleman to have his way; had he the power to carry out his evil will toward the working class, it would not be long before American wage earners would be reduced to the low level of the moujiks of Russia, the coolies of the Orient, or the des poiled peons of ravished Mexico. But let the benevolent gentleman speak for himself; he asks: "Do wages make any difference? If your wages were doubled now, would you not spend it all? A single man getting $1.50 a day, if he spends it all, is in better position than if he earns $7 a day and spends It all. The $1.50 will supply all his necessary wants and comforts, and he cannot spend the larger sum without extrav agance, intemperance and waste." Do Wages Make Any Difference? There you have his hope and his prayer, fellow wage-slaves: the reduc ing of American wages to the $1.50 a day standard, or less. "The $1.50 will supply all his necessary wants and comforts," as a work animal, or mere wage slave. And we. can't all "save our earnings" and become capi talists, or there would be no wage slaves left to exploit with our capital. The "friendly" doctor seems to be blissfully ignorant of the fact that every dollar of wages not spent by the working class means that much less demand for workers to produce more commodities; means closed factories, discharged clerks, a general tendency toward an industrial crisis. As we can't all be owners of our means of wealth production without destroying the sources from which pro —another word for unpaid labor— ■■' ' ■ ■■ g i i -da V m r^^^mtm . .- r a.,, . ■ ■■■■— mi -***»«t*a^aiM EVERETT. WASIUNGTf^. THURSDAY, JANUARY 28 1914 H a ' are mads, why glvo;**Ao wage slave more than the $1.50 n^ossary to sup- N^'aii J>ls necessary Hants and com fort*"! Why should AXi capitalist not •MMM more bo, through appropriat lug the worker's products In larger chunks per diem' If "tine wage slave can exist on $1.50 a day, why let him have $2.00, a day out .]f his own pro ducts? Why should M. Dr. Manning, and his fellow exploit's, expropriate for themselves all of mo products of the workers, and just Hind them back enough to supply thei'j with the nec essary stalls, hay, anrrbats? ?: ?/ Is not a wage slave ,w ho Is allowed $1.50 out of the $10.01^ a day he pro duces ■ happier with $I.Gob worth of food, clothing, . shelter I books, music, dental and doctor's Her ice, recreation, travel, helping a fries* out of work, supporting aged parents, than one who has, $7 a day to meet k*MM expenses? Sure,? argues the goory doctor. Why seek to enjoy the goo. things of life as you earn them, whe?by going with out them you can— so B« learned doc tor says,—some day become an em ployer yourself and have a good time on the other fellow's -eat. Says he: Self-Denlf! "A man likes his ci^ar, the attrac tions of the theatre, hunting and fish ing and sports. His w|fo'wants a new dress, or a hat, or botl . and a picture of baby, and suggests *hat baby pic ture would be better. i-, ( jfe baby cloth ed lin new and more c garments. | The thoughtful wnian's»<jsv,,No.,. ! 1 To cb lain that which he mu/t^aV. for these I , ~.., ....-- -^. ■,- . ... . .j. „. ,v —both ? are gone forever. The cigar' does * him 'no , gooa.fiid', may do him harm.. The pleasures of the sa loon are animal rather than of the soul and degrade him. He remembers that baby will grow up, and will need edu cation; be knows that the dollar in vested in the pictures of baby wanted by his wife, saved now, will be $3 at the time of baby's greatest need,, and without effort on his part, the dollar working, at honest work, while he sleeps, and multiplying not by magic but by its intrinsic worth." Dollars Work the Worker How can a dollar work, "at honest work, while (its owner) sleeps"? .; The Socialist objects to this kind of "magic." He knows that the kind of i "intrinsic worth" the doctor imputes to the dollar is its quality of being able to work the worker by owning his means of living. This is how the dollar invested Is multiplied while the said owner "sleeps." Why Let the Dollar "Work"? Now if Dr. Manning is so rhapsodi cally in love with work; if "construe-: tive work" is man's best friend; if as the labor loving doctor says: I "Children should be Introduced to work at an early and tender age and if possible taught to love it, and In a few generations mankind will see the revolutionizing or" the world." J If this is true, why, then, should j our apostle of hard work wain to Ist", the dollar do the work while lie sleeps? Why not do the loved work himself? Especially when $1.50 a day will be sufficient for the needs and comforts of the doctor. Family? Put the chil dren to work "at an early and tender age." No, the doctor: would let the dollar work while he sleeps. ; DOLLARS DON'T BREED j Dr. Manning knows' well enough that the only way money can be made to multiply itself, while the owner, thereof sleeps, is by using it to work the worker! It's own Intrinsic value is a use value, and not a breeding value. Money does not multiply it- j self "by its intrinsic worth." Money can't breed unless there are wage , workers to be bled, exploited. A bar-j rel of $20 gold pieces placed in the sub-cellar for ages would not breed, would not be "honestly earning for' you," while you sleep. No. Money i "earns" only when it is used to em ploy a man to produce wealth for ' which he is not paid. Money becomes "capital" only when it is used to buy and own that which some one else must use in order to make a living, And when it is so employed, it is de-' signed that the worker, the wage- ; slave, shall be forced, on the average, ?" WHY "RAINY DAYS"? ' '' Something Radically Wrong" • SOCIALISTS KNOW WHAT IT IS i , Dr. Manning says that, under capi talism, "rainy days," I. c., unemploy ment, are "sure to come." Of course they are. Such is capitalism. Now for the remedy: Skimp and save; make of yourself a contemptible tight wad; go without the things you wish | to enjoy; make of life a continual pen -! ance, a dull routine of abstinence, pre "paring for the "rainy days," which are sure to come under a system of pro duction for profit. Instead of for use. WHY BE NIGGARDLY? But why should the industrious workers deny themselves the com forts, yea, the luxuries afforded by modern machine production? If capitalism necessitates "rainy days," unemployment, abstinence, stinginess (and meanness generally), why not abolish capitalism? NATURE IS PRODIGAL No Need for Scrimping . Dr. Manning, somewhat paradoxi cally, started . off his sermon on the blessings of going without things by citing .1$ statistics :* showing the ,: over whelming prodigality Sof ? mother i Na ture, especially " our ; own J quarter-sec tion of the globe. The patriotic doc *or (lahprskinner* arc alv.-ftvq fe-v ently patriotic!) dwelt at length, with imposing figures, upon the capacity of the American working-class to produce many times the food, clothing and shelter consumed at present by them. | Then what's the matter, Doc, what do you want us to scrimp and scrape for and deny the baby a rattle? Isn't there something "radically wrong" with your think tank? Or do you think the trouble lies with ours, and that we'll let you get away with your gospel of stinginess? Well, we wont. I jto accept for his wages, merely the cost of his keep as a two-legged do mesticated work -animal. Whatever he may be paid above present neces sities must be laid aside, says Dr. 1 Manning, to keep himself alive at his | own expense when the bosses do not | need his labor-power for the produc tion of profitsprofits for the boss: every dollar of clear profit for the boss meaning so much unpaid labor for the wage slave. How Dollars Work While One Sleeps. Any man who gets a dollar which he didn't earn, who gets it by merely owning "capital" and exploiting labor \ thereby, while he sleeps, takes it away from some one who earned it while awake and didn't get It. The robbery is'disguised under the form of wages paid—paid out of the work- J er's own product. JM Wages are not paid out of the bosses' capital, or from his strong-box. As a matter of fact, the worker is not paid by the boss at all; Tie pays him self with a portion of the product of his own labor-power: all above his wages that he produces he is not paid for at all. The unpaid—for labor pow er is used to produce wealth for the j boss free, hence, are called profits, or "velvet." This is the wealth which flows to the exploiter while he "sleeps." It was not derived from . "the dollar working at honest work," but from some wage-slave working for nothing after he has earned the $1.50 called his wages. He earns all i he is going to get, the cost of his keep, during the first few hours of the day; , the rest of the day lie works for noth j Ing, and gets it. The boss may "pay" | the $1.50, but the wage-slave has al ready produced tile value of the money 1 paid before he sees it, besides what i ever values he produced above the $1.50. He also furnishes the "capital" owned by the boss, since this also was i derived from the unpaid labor, or pro ; fits, somewhere, and some time. Did the Boss Supply the "Capital?" I Yes, from the same place he sup j plied the $1.50; from the products of i wage-labor. The JiI.OOO millions of dollars "capital" invested in the AN AUTHORITY ON "COWARDICE" DR. MANNING LECTUREB COM MERCIAL CLUB When Dr. J. F. Manning presume! to teach the people of Everett what Ik calls the "sociology" of Karl Mara, h< Is talking about something he. doesn't even know the name of: Marx was not, as the learned (?) doctor alleges "a German writer on sociology." Mam had the honor of being, however, the greatest writer on' political economy that the world has ever produced, Which means that Dr. Manning had the audacity of presuming to "teach" the Marxian economy without having troubled himself to read Marx first, Doubtless he relied upon the* Ignor ance of his audience. And it must be granted that he reckoned well, since, Socialists excepted, 'he was able to put his fabrications over , and get away with, them!.., ?'• , "COWARDICE" ; Monday evening of this week the doctor was happier in the choice of a subject, when he lectured the Com mercial club. The doctor took for his theme, "Cowardice." We do not ques tion the doctor's authority on this subject. He must have felt thorough ly at home in it, Judging from I the way he "beat it" last week when chal lenged to make good" In debate his ridiculous asseverations. He was too cowardly to repeat them while giving some one who knows what Marx taught a chance to show an Everett audience that Dr. Manning, as a poli tical economist, or would-be states^ man, is a fraud, a rank Impostor. - The Morning Tribune of , Tuesday last, reporting | Dr. , Manning's Com mercial • club speech, says:/??Iiv?*??| "Dr. 7 Manning took as ) his "j subject 'Cowardice' and pointed out that busi ness, education, capital and t labor ; are deplhly^ afraid? of each other, while on*r ■t.i.rittraiicrf'-tfteoTnr 'ttr&e miliitii&o »t bravery." 7 ?':-,-, .X; ',--;.. - \?.: ~?.;?? | Here the doctor is partly right, at least "only ignorance j shows a semb lance of.bravery." That it is but a semblance of bravery was well evi denced by Dr.; Manning himself a week ago, at the High school. At heart ignorance •ist a - coward. Dr. Manning speaks here as one who knows his subject wellwell enough to keep off the firing line. The Doc. further said, to his fellow comniercialists: : >—. , , *7 ?' r'*«ft* •'We should meet ignorance and wrong by a mighty intelligence and right." jji ~v- .** -. :;: ' ~" If the Socialists are, as Dr. Manning alleges, both ignorant and wrong, why does he not dare to meet one of them on a public platform and expose him? Knowing that he possesses neither "a. mighty Intelligence"..'. nor -the "right" attitude toward public prob lems, Manning very wisely makes his face at the Socialists, holds his thumb to his nose, makes a grimace and runs away. We may accept Dr. J. F. Manning as one who speaks with authority when. his topic is "Cowardice." ? HERE'S A THOUGHT /y It is much safer to shout with the crowd than against it. That is why the crowd makes such' a noise.— Printer's Ink. The average worker votes for noth ing and then kicks because he gets it.—Columbus, 0., Socialist. manufacturing industries of this coun try were not "saved" by the bosses out of their own products, but out of the products of the wage-slaves; it represents the values the workers pro duced and didn't get Then the Mutts pay the bosses a tax of about $8 a day for using their own machinery for a few hours a day for themselves, for their own wages; which the boss makes them think he paid out of his labor. DIRECTIVE WORK? Did not the bosses work themselves, besides working the workers? \ Some of them did. And they gave themselves ■ mighty liberal "salaries" for their "directive ability." And they didn't stop at $7 per diem, neither. The amount of their salaries was largely determined ,by what they "owned," not by what they did, by way of superintendence. It was "the dollars at work while they slept" that made them rich; to-wit, the dollars which the workers produced and did not get. MR. WOOD LIKED II THE DOCTOR'S DOPE • Carefully Evades Purport of Apologist's Address i THROWS BAND OF "ECONOMY" I IN PEOPLE'S EYES J^|I| :■; In the Morning Tribune of. January 23, an obscure individual, signing his name Richard P.: Wood, tries to lead, the people of Everett to believe that the warp and 'woof of, Dr. Manning's reactionary.-address;* at the High school,'• a week ago, was ■ merely a ' de sire to | show I the, workers of 2 Everett the folly of wastefulness and improvid ence, and the advantages, on the other, hand, to be derived,' under capitalism, from economy, or living on a standard below one's Income. ; : 7 .4 ~,. Now no one, of course, least of all j a Socialist, has any. argument to offer against the intelligent j use of money earned, and the expediency, under ex isting • conditions, of the more § far sighted f and - provident [ among .wage earners laying away whatever portion 1 of * their ■ wages which, through' self denial, they? can manage to hoard. Manning is right in his assertion that? under capitalist misrule, the wage workers -will certainly need whatever they can save for the many "rainy" days that are Inherent in this profit monger's systeml of Industry for j ex ploitation •; only. ■ As applied to the : occasional Individual, 1 the advice of Mr. Richard P. Wood's messiah Is well given; as applied to the workers as a class it is all rot, Impossible of realization and viciously misleading in Its false Implications. ?." Xyx\*??x. We do not, mind you, gentle reader,7 allow our * "class [ hatred," "venom of jealousy," and lack of "desire for hon est labor," »so., to , mislead us ,as to rashly assume that either the tender? hearted Dr. T Manning or. his apostle of "content" under the yoke, our benevol ent ■ friend of ■ labor, Mr. Wood, ' really % .kmiw anvth *':,-"■ about why jh«l r »rf. vice cannot oe followed by^lie'-WBjK-' slave element ;as a class; ( this would' be to impute <to them at least an ele mentary : knowledge |of ' political econ omy, which neither of them can justly be suspected of possessing.. I All we wish to point > out here, , to: any one who might guilelessly assume that we are attacking the benevolent ' (?) doctor's doctored .lecture: on the: point emphasized by the philanthropic Richard P. Wood, is this: We are not opposing Dr. Manning's address on the basis of the self-evident platitudes with which his quack remedy for pov erty was adulterated; we are attack ing:, the nasty, poisonous Inostrum beneath his sugar-coated pellets of what should |be called, "Proverbs for those destitute of money and brains." A Discredited Policy :? Dr. Manning and Richard P. Wood are merely following the old trick of putting over a' bunch of truisms, 'as platitudinous as a fresh "discovery" by Theodore Roosevelt,"along with a mass of pure—or impurefabrications and perversions of self-evident truths; merely to- mislead and deceive. But thinking people recognize this old, dis honest method of argument. The theologians beat you to it. Doc, and Dick.' - ??H ???.^* We can afford space here for just one example of Richard P. Wood's imitation '"* of Dr. '■'" Manning's bunk. Here is the scintillant gem:—"instead of spreading the gospel '. of joy in work it preaches the doctrine of shame in work." Says he further: "There is a certain venomous sec tion of the working class which should be excluded from the society of de* ?nt and intelligent , workers. It poisons alike the working hours and the so cial hours with the venom of jealousy and hatred; '• it ■ inspires dissension where harmony ia .necessary for good results; it fills the working class with self-pity for its so-called down-trodden condition; instead of spreading the gospel of joy in work it preaches the doctrine of shame in work," etc. Presumably, the "it" is the "venom ous section." Somewhat "Venemous" Now see here, isn't this state ment just a bit "venomous" itself? Why not confine your criticism to the facts at issue, seeing that you are so much opposed to "a warlike feeling," and so strong on "human love," and all that? Don't be "venomous," Dick; as you yourself —"it warps the character; biases the judgment; des troys nonor; kills joy; chases hope and leaves in its barren track noth ing but a desert in which no flower of (Continued on Page Four.) N55212 ■:'*'**'V^