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The Northwest Worker Kntorod as second-class matter March 9, 1911. at the pOßtOftio« M Kindt. Washington, under the act of March 3, IS7!> , ~"~ INO. phone iii Published every Thursday by the Tress Committee of the Socialist Party of Snohomtsb County. Mil call fornia. SI Kverett, Wash. Maynard Shipley, Editor. 11. W. Watts, Business Manager. Yearly subscription, $1.00; six months, ItOj three months, r>c; single, copies. sc. UNTERMANNS LETTER , -< ~■ -~ ————- Comrade Untermann's letter em phasises the fact that nearly all the well known Socialist scholars held j views contrary to o\irs, and that "We place ourselves In an untenable posi tion in declaring that these comrades were not real Socialists. We beg to disagree with htm. It is these. Illus trious writers who have placed them selves in an untenable position. If they, or at least those of them who are still alive, are Socialists, then we are something more than a Socialist, and those comrades who feel and think as we do are In need of a distinctive name, If not of a distinctive party or ganization. Marx and tingles, and all the revolutionists of the middle of the. eighteenth century, were ashamed of the name "Socialist," and were obliged to call themselves "Communists," In order to be distinguished from the mid dle-class sentimentalists, and religious Utopians, who had set out to "con- Tert" the master-class to the lovllness of the Co-operative Commonwealth, the folly of selfishness, and the Chris tian Imperative,— so to speak,— the Brotherhood of Man. Hence we read today "The Communist Manifesto," not the Socialist Manifesto. We reiterate, that whenever a So cialist takes up arms in defense of "national boundaries," he ceases then and there to be a Socialist, the essence | of which is internationalism, not pat- j riotism, the class struggle, not the race struggle, or a struggle over po litical boundaries or masters. TEDDY AND "WE" AGREE At last "We" have found one point on which Teddy and ourselves are In agreement. We both believe in "pre paredness" for war. We both believe in the necessity, under capitalism, of a bigger army and bigger navy, the bigger the better. Both of us regard the pacifist propaganda as the great est piece of "bunk" ever conjured. As to the pacifists being mollycoddles, here we disagree. That's not what ails them. They're silly dreamers, Utopians, or stupid sentimentalists, wholly oblivious to the plain teachings of history. They're doubtless brave enough, as far as that goes. But, like Bryan, their leader, they're uneduca able, they can learn neither from ob servation, study, nor experience. Ted dy doesn't know much, but he is ai least not blind to the fact that the "morality" and "justice" of a class, or a nation, is a self-interest, self-pro tective morality. Perhaps we flatter Teddy in saying that he is conscious of this principle. At any rate, he in stinctively acts upon this fundamental fact. Were Teddy not conventional by choice, and a natural-born bromide, he would make a good "freethinker." He knows that peoples are wholly un moral whenever their conventional morality conflicts with their selfish interests. And he knows that we live In a world ruled by brute force; that the fruits of the earth belong to the strong. So he would have the ruling class of the United States strength ened by a large and efficient army of fool soldiers, a great navy, impreg nable fortresses, and all the other equipment suitable for a modern Christian civilization. And Teddy's* right, at that. Capitalism, brutality, unmorality, religion, and WAR are in separable. He v»'ho supports the first must, to be consistent, support all the rest. And this requires sharp and strong teeth and claws, not sentimen tal gush of the Bryan concoction. Teddy's right, the earth and its full ness belong to the strong. "It always was so, and it always will be so." Believing as we do that the work ing-class is potentially the strongest group in fhe world having identical material interests, we call upon them to unite under the banner of Social- Ism for conquest of the world for the workers. When they have been suffi ciently educated and aroused, they will heed this clarion call, and the world will be theirs for the taking. THE "SOCIALIST" CROP Six sacks of spuds have been re ceived from the following comrades In Gold Bar district: Hufus Wren, two sacks. Gus Fleeder, two sacks. Ely Richards, two sacks. Be sure and attend the W. R. Snow meeting in CITY PARK on Oakes Aye. Sunday afternoon, Sept. 5. MY PLEDGE (From "War, Whal ioi"> i refuse to Hill your father i re fuse to slay your mother's ion, I refuse to plunge " bayonet Into the breast of your sister's brother I re fuse to slaughter your sweetheart's lover*. I refuse to murder your wife's husband. 1 refuse to butcher your lit tie child's rather. I refuse to wet the earth with blood ami blind kind eyes with tears. 1 refuse to assassinate you and then hide my stained fists In the , folds of any flag. Yoa Can Do This If you wtlhi reader, to take a hand in this oampaign, you *""> organise your locality, (lot a subscription blank, for "Wiir. What Port" and go after your friends ami neighbors, get ting each one to advance what money In 1 can. It may ho the price of DM copy, five OopleS. or a hundred, the ■IMIWIUIXHM to N that the money be refunded when the hooks are (Ma posed of. There are many ways In which this can be done. Kach contributor may pledge himself to sell a certain mini her. They may be sold on the streets. They may be sold through the book stores. Perhaps a friend is out of em ployment, and would take up the work of canvassing. Perhaps the comrades of your locality will district your town, calling upon each resident There is a crying need for the book at this time. Especially would it ap peal to women, mothers whose boys may be called to the front at any mo ment. These and many other methods might be used to spread the propa ganda contained in this remarkable book. We should never fail to avail our selves of the assistance of persons op posed to war, whether they are So cialists or not. Many who do hot un derstand Socialism are opposed to war. Get any such to subscribe to a fund to carry the true meaning of what war really is to the unthinking, youth of the country. When they read this book, their desire for the "glory" of war will be forever dampened. They will be perfectly willing to let the Henry Dubbs do the fighting. We have word from one comrade who states that his copy of "War, W yhat For?" has been read by thirty persons. Now, comrades, If each member of the Socialist Party of the United States had a record such as that, it would be something to be proud of. On page one you will find a blank which we ask each reader to fill out and send to the Northwest Worker. This list of questions is being sent out to the local secretaries in Washing ton and the adjoining states, as fast as they can be printed and mailed. We want your help. We want your advice. We need organized effort. >Vhat will you do to keep the boys of the country from rushing to the front to be ruthlessly slaughtered in the im pending conflict? The situation is In YOUR HANDS. WHAT WILL YOU DO? ALL ORDERS FOR 100 OR MORE TO BE SENT TO GEO. R. KIRK PATRICK, 473 MADISON SQUARE STATION, NEW YORK CITY. ALL ORDERS FOR LESS THAN ONE HUNDRED TO UK SKNT TO THE NORTHWEST WOKKKK. 1612 CALIFORNIA STREET, EVERETT, WASH. A STRONG ENDORSEMENT The "strongest endorsement" of Mr. Osborne's work in Sing Sing, in the view of the New York World, is "the nature of the campaign that has been made against him." Since he took charge, the World goes on to say, "neither the little nor the big politicians have had free swing at Sing Sing," and "the traffic in drugs has been checked and the profits of crooked employees shut of." He has established a new order of things "where justice and humane treatment are the first rules in the maintenance of discipline," and this journal adds that if his experiment prove, success ful "there will be a revolution in pris on administration throughout the United States." The New York Even ing Post emphasizes the fact that leading prison-reformers who "have been in closest touch with what has been going on" are "wholly on Os borne's side." LECTURES HELD NEXT WEEK Carrie W. Allen Sun. 5, Portland; Mon. 6, Vancouver; Tue. 7, Laurel; Wed. 8, Trout Lake. This finishes Comrade Allen's tour of the state. W. R. Snow Sun. 5, Arlington (2 p.m.); Sun. 5, Nverett; Mon. 6, (1.30 p.m.) Kdmonda; Tue. 7, Kennydale, Oemrade Snow then goes to Portland, Ore. Order a sack of spuds from The Northwest Worker. MORE ABODT WAR EQdltor Northwosi Worker l luivc befoi <■ me printed copies of general orders posted up by II"1 GeN man commanders lii French mid Bel ■lan towns snd ylllngos. Thej are no despotic timl severe; they cover such 11 multitude of poßslblo acts Hint 1 am sure no Belgian or French civilian even though Imbued with the pure (?) non-resistant Socialism of Blveretl Lo cat No. i could have obeyed them all. Ami the penally for disobedience wan, in most Instances, death. One rule Initlted upon it that civil iann ihall take off their hati or give the military lalute to a (ierinnn offi cer or Hohller. Three windows In each Inhabited house must he Kept lighted all night All doors must he left unlocked. in cities "in hostages win he takvr in each street and If nny uprising tlftj jeurs In any street the 10 hostagei will he shot." and the following sentence Is added: "The safety of the hostages depends on the population remaining quiet In any circumstance*." in the province of Luxemburg—* province no larger than SnohomiMli i county It Is estimated that 1,000 civil ians. Including many women and chil dren, were shot. It Is absurd to suppose that all these thousand victims were "snipers." Un doubtedly there were occasions when the lustful Teuton soldiers taking ad vantage of the unlocked doors bo kindly provided by the orders of their commanders, mado assaults upon wom en whoso only defence and protection were their husbands, fathers or broth ers, and these civilians In such emer gencies may have failed to remain i quiet or show the proper respect for the German uniform. During the civil j war In this country "Bnlpers" were shot when caught, but hostages were never taken and assaults upon wom en were punished with death by hang- Ing. War at its best Is hell, but the Ger mans have- made It still more hellish. Fraternally, H. S. CROSBY. ,4823 W. Dawson St., Seattle. Wn. Aug. 24, 1915. ANSWERING CROSBY In answer to Comrade H. S. Crosby's letter we have only to say that we see in it no reason for joining in a capital ist war. It only shows one the neces sity for a more energetic war against capitalism and war. War once being declared, it's hell anyway. We're not dodging this issue. One other point: If a soldier, native or foreign, en tered my house with intent to harm me or mine, I should kill him, or die In the attempt. But such a death would be in immediate defense of self or home or loved ones, not in aid of capitalism or a capitalist war, offen sive or defensive. Why should a So cialist act on any other principle? As if to die were such a matter! It con cerns us only that we die as a Social ist, not as a dupe of the master-class. War is hell, and we can but expect hellish conditions under martial law. We are not non-resistant. On the contrary, we believe in fight- ing like a tiger in immediate self defense, or in defense of the; principle of industrial democracy, If the issue is forced upon us. As for salutes, they're easy. We've been saluting our economic coiujuerers for so many years, "on j the job," it would be no extra trouble ( to salute a uniform and nabre. Salut ing is easier than digging potatoes, or picking hops, or peddling Gibbon's De cline and Fall of the Roman Empire. As long as your master has you on the saluting job, you're not breaking your back laying a concrete sidewalk, or digging a sewer trench, or saluting a prospective boss seeking work as a wage-slave. TO EVERETT READERS We want forty Socialists to go down to the city hall and copy the names of the voters in this city. Each one of the forty will be given a precinct and will copy the names of evory voter that is on the books In that precinct. This will ba a job that, the women comrades can do in the afternoons. There will be from 100 to 200 names and addresses to copy. We want these names in connection with the city campaign. All those wishing to help may call at the office of The Northwest Worker Monday afternoon at 2 p.m. If not able to come on that day call next day. As si possible solution of the prob lem of unemployment, a movement is on foot in San Francisco to establish a six-hour workday for union carpen ters. The settlement of the Chicago car penters' strike was a victory for the men. They received an increase to 70 cents an hour under a uniform agreement to continue In force for three years. THE NORTHWEST WORKER To Mothers: Did vim ralie your boj to be t iol dler? hi".!! he understand whal war really moans? Doea he know thai wart are [ought for the profit of tha tna»ter-claaa who use tin' poor deluded youth ■ bul* warki to guard their 111-gotten gains? What have you done to teach him Til 10 TRUTH ABOUT WAIl? if jrou have mil ai vet given the mal in- aerloua ooniideration, would it not be Wile to begin at once? And then there Ih your neighbor 1! hoy. What Hi..mi him? When the niotherH of the land an ruiiy awake hh to the wav OAMH they will imllr' ;ih one, to lee (hat ev oij '/«.; will bo in poileillon of some honk that teaches the awful horrors of war; that teaches how they are duped and tricked Into the army and navy by mi UnaonipUlOUl lot of loot ers, under the guise of "patriotism," "love for our flag and country," etc. The Northwest Worker would like to hear from the mothers. Tell what you think, and what you would suggest AND WHAT YOU ARH WILLING TO DO. ÜBT US KKASON TOGETHER. THEN LET US WORK TOGETHER! SHALL IT A BARGAIN BE? By Geo. H. Goebel. Is thin country defenceless? Say nothing of the fact that our army costs ub ten thousand dollars yearly per Holdler. as compared with the one him dred dollars yearly cost of the Swiss soldier, and admit it. Yes. Shall we enlarge army and navy, things that fly overhead and dive be neath? Shall we accumulate- great stores of munitions and supplies? Shall It be that every man (and perhaps ev ery woman) be enrolled on the Swiss plan? Yes —for the sake of argument YES. And having said yes, on what terms shall we, the workers, out of whose blood must come the toll, agree In this with the masters of the bread? Here be the terms, O masters: 1. If, as you, the masters, tell us, this cry for "preparedness" does not come from the makers of munitions, fat with profits, let it be agreed that no longer shall shot or shell, or pow der, gun or cannon, or aught that has to do with war be manufactured by other than the people themselves, working union hours, under union wages and conditions, in publicly owned shops and mills, with all profit and graft eliminated. What say you, Schwab, and Gary, and Dupont, and all your callous ilk? Shall it be a bar gain? 2. If it be in reality a Jap, or a German, or perchance John Bull we are to fear, let it stand as a covenant that neither regular troops, nor militia shall under any circumstances what soever be used in time of strike, or lockout, nor against any save those outside our borders, in the act of cross ing the border with intent to damage. What say you, Mr. Carnegie, of Home stead immortal ill-fame? and you, Mr. Rockefeller, with your hands yet drip ping with the blood of Ludlow women and children? Shall it a bargain be? X If this preparation be for OUR good, and not our harm; if these guns are for foreign invader, and not for home use, enter in the pact that every citizen shall have not only use and drill in high-powered rifle, but ALSO that this rifle shall be kept, Swiss plan, in the home of the citizen, and not In armory, or fort, or police sta tion. What say you, big thieves and little thieves, who rob us of the bulk of our product, starve us to the rebel lion point, and meanwhile, lest we do just defense of our legal rights, stead ily, in defiance of established constitu tional right to have and bear arms, make It a criminal offense for other than legalized thugs to have arms in their possession. What say you? I Shall it a bargain be? 4. (For finally, though first) let it Ibe bound and agreed that we, the workers, shall name from among us foremen and superintendent, sheriff, judge, governor and president, and all that functions as government, whether of locality or shop. What say you, in dustrial bosses, who in countless times past have broken your every contract with us? and you, political bosses, who in our day of need have ever lined up with the industrial bosses to our hu miliation and death? Bhall it a bar gain be? These be the terms, oh masters, on which we agree. If they be not ac ceptable, go to Hell and do your own fighting' Comrade Goebel has been engaged for a lecture in this city sometime in the near future. He is one of the best known speakers in the movement, be ing one of the early pioneer propa gandists. Dr. Ross Earlywine, Dentist, 205 American Bank Bldg. Both Phonal TJS. THINK IT OVER (Continued from Page 11 upper band, and that mistakes might be made In Vienna, or Berlin, or I'uris, ' v. i>irii would i' ad to "n outbreak of win Concerning thit polnl i have | had iome correspondence with Bebel, and we are <>r the opinion that, if Ui« ; KusslanH Itart a wiir against ÜB, the Qennan Boclallita will have to tmaih ii> tin- iiiiiKisi the Ruialana and their Etillei, mi matter who they are, ir Germany is oruihed, so ibould we be, whereat In the noti favorable caie the fight will bt ho violent that Ger tunny will be able lo hold her own only hy revolutionary meana, and ro It might be poialble that we might bo oompelled to t.-ikc hold of the power and to play at 1793. BBBBL has made it ipeND to thiß effect which has cre ated n great RpiiHnlloti In the French prMI, I ihall try to (explain this to the French In their own language—a difficult matter. Hut although I should consider It. a great misfortune If war Hhould break out and we should bo pushed Into power prematurely, nevertheless we should be prepared for this emergency, and I am glad to have 8E8K1.., the most capable of our men, on my side." The differences among the fierman Socialists at present do not at all con cern the question whether or not they should have taken part In this war. The question at Issue among them Is pre-eminently whether their Reich- Htag's representatives Hhould have voted unconditionally for the war loans, or Hhould have made their vote dependent upon certain conditions, or should have withheld their vote alto gether. Also, owing to the fact that the Socialist International never came to any definite agreement about the question, to what extent a defensive war must necessarily be carried for ward with the support of the Social ists into the offensive stage, there Is now a good deal of confusion about [this matter. But this is no particular sin of the Oerman Socialists alone. It It due to certain unclarified errors which always have lurked in the minds of all Socialists. Perhaps It would be worth our while to go a little more exhaustively into this matter. I feel sure that you and I, who have always been good friends and have never had any reason to doubt one another's sincerity, can de bate these questions in a fairly imper sonal way. I have been in direct touch with Germany all through the war. I know what really happened in the historical meeting of the Ger man Socialist representatives that is now so hotly discussed. I am also very familiar with the history of the Socialist International dealing with war and militarism. But before I un dertake to supply you with a regular series of articles for the NORTH WEST WORKER, I should like to know definitely whether such articles would be sufficiently welcome to you to save space for them in several suc cessive issues. Fraternally, ERNEST UNTERMANN. EDITOR TO UNTERMANN Everett, Wn., Aug. 29, 1915. Dear Comrade Untermann: I would certainly be very glad to save space for a series of articles nlong the lines you suggest. I know I shall myself learn much of interest from them. More extensive knowl edge of the history of our great move ment is one of the crying needs of our membership. However, you and I may differ on questions of party tac tics, I fully appreciate the very im portant fact that your opinions are based upon a most comprehensive knowledge of Socialist history and philosophy, and I read your contribu tions certain of enlightenment, even though still unable to see wherein my own conclusions are adversely affect ed by the facts you present. Awaiting your articles with pleaa urablo anticipation, I remain grate fully your comrade in the revolution, MAYNARD SHIPLEY. The West can gain some idea of the wildly radical character of the New York Constitutional Convention when it is told that Elihu Hoot is the leader of the progressive element.— New York World. It comes as something of a shock to find Governors Brewer of Missis sippi, and Rye, of Tennessee, in the ranks of aggressive prohibitionists.— Boston Herald. It takes a free and equal fraternal and benevolent organization to dub its chief mogul a grand exalted ruler and universal potentate —Washington Post. Poland has been devastated by the Czar and the Kaiser in their contest to decide who shall give freedom to Poland. —New York Evening Post. Bargreen's Golden Drip Coffee. Im perial Tea Co., 1407 Hewitt Avenue. ROOFING We carry a complete stock of Roofing. Get in touch with what you need before the fall rains come. V.: riy Superior, with 108 iq. ft. to r<»l t1 ■,= i Ply Superior.. ! \\l '■ iMy *"p'Ti<»r '.'.'.'..'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. :5i; 6 9 If you need a two- or three-burner Gas Plate now is the time to buy. 12.50 Z-burner Plata . $1 w $::.!r.o 8-burnw Plata '■■'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'..'. .%2%l Curran Hardware Co. HEWITT AND BROADWAY PASTIME Amusement Parlors FOR GOOD TIMES Wetmore and Hewitt Driesslein & Becker WAR, WHAT FOR? FOR SALE AT OFFICE OF The Northwest Worker Five for $1.00 Post Paid Single Copy 25c Post Paid ORDER NOW NORTHWEST WORKER 1612 California St. Everett, Wash. PRINCESS Theatre"! Friday and Saturday H SEPTEMBER 3rd AND 4th ■ The World Famous Emotional Actress I PAULINE FREDERICK I "SOLD" I In the Play of Plays H Very few productions have called forth such comment as H has this. The story of a younK wife who sold herself H to help her husband attain his ambition. B IT'S THE ONI PLAY OF THE MONTH YOU MUST I SURELY SEE ■ Coming Sunday, Return Showing of H WILLIAM FARNUM in I "The PLUNDERER" I EVERY SHOW IS A GOOD SHOW AT THE PRINCESS ■ Thursday, September 2, 1915.