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Senate Committee Hears From Comrade Mauer LABORS PREPAREDNESS PROGRAM labor's suspicion and dislike of so-called "preparedness" was voiced before the august senate committee on military affairs in Washington on February Sth by President James H. Mauref of the Pennsylvania stat^ federation of labor, whoso speech at that time was probably unlike any thins ever heard in that particular committee room before. The sena tors who were gathered around the I mahogany table forebore to heckle "th,* speaker as they hail heckled sev t eral of the "pacifists." Apparently they felt there was too much of the bear about him to make an encounter acii cable. The hearing was held under the auspices of the Anti -Preparedness committee, which has opened ijuar in the Munsey Bldg., Washing ton, D. Ci tor a fight against the "P'.v paredneas" lobby. After explaining that while the Pennsylvania state federation of labor had not taken any official ac tion against "preparedness," he knew that the working class as a whole in Pennsylvania was bitterly opposed to it. Comrade Maurcr went on to give his reasons. His speech in part was as follows: "Our first reason, gentlemen, for opposing this stampede is that we can not sco the use of it. We feel that instead of spending any more money for the army and navy, we think it would be patriotic on the part of congress to investigate the places that have been absorbing the money spent in the last ten years for 'pre paredness.' "Up to a few months ago the Amer ican people were told that they were 'prepared' to lick all creation. Ten months ago intervention in Mexico was talked of—apparently we were 'prepared' for Mexico. When the Lusitania was sunk, the newspapers talked about our going to war with Germany. In fact, the newspapers contended that we could get away with Mexico .and Germany at the same time if we saw- fit. "And now when the bottom drops out of those scares, we learn sud denly that we are not prepared for anything. We are told that we have a navy of old tubs and an army poor ly equipped. Gentlemen, it is too much to accept in so short a time. We feel that we are not so poorly protected as some people contend. "Frankly, we feel that the munition makers are the most interested In this 'preparedness' program. We sus pect that they are the whole cause of this agitation. We can not see any reason for a foreign invasion unless we do something to provoke it. ELEVEN MILLION CASUALTIES "If you had talked about a foreign invasion two years ago we might have been impressed by it. The Eu ropean nations were prepared for it as never before. But for two years now they have been at war among themselves. They have expended something like forty billions of their, wealth and they have killed and wounded over eleven million of the best blood and stock In Europe. And now when they are so sunk in debt that some people fear they can never pay the interest on what they owe, with their population reduced to cripples, women and children, when they are bleeding to death, now you gay we have got to be afraid of them. It don't look good to me. (Prolonged applause.) "I come from old American stock; I can trace my family back for over two hundred years in Pennsylvania, and if I thought that the gasping na tions of Europe could thrash us Amer icans, I would be ashamed to be an American. We blow about our Amer ican manhood and honor and here we are preparing against nations that are actually to be pitied! (Prolonged applause.) ■"They tell us we ought to be pre pared against a secret, spontaneous outbreak! What does that mean? Is there anything on the inside that you haven't told us about? President Wil son said in his speech in my own state a few days ago that in a mo ment there may be a oonflagration; perhaps next week, perhaps next month. Well, I think we American people ought to know what that dan NORTHWEST WORKER DEVOTED TO THE INDUSTRIAL, POLITICAL, AND EDUCATIONAT. ADVANCEMENT OF THE WORKING-CLASS ger Is. I am satisfied that the Ger man people and the Austrian people and the people of the Allies wish to day that they had known what the trouble was before the conflagration started in Europe. There wouldn't have been the mess there is now! (Applause.) "I suppose none of us feel that we ought to disarm as long as there Is a civilized nation on earth that Is armed. I suppose, that is the practi cal view. Hut we are three thousand miles from Europe and several thou sand miles away from the Asiatics. Suppose the Germans win. The best they can hope for Is to secure land. If they get that they have got to police it and their soldiers must be Germans. Could s^.r do that and come over and make war on the Unit ed States? I do not think so. Sup pose she started. What would the Allies he doing. And If the Allies should make war on us. what would Germany and Austria lie doing? No, you can not figure it out no matter how \ou try. REAL REASON FOR "PREPARED NESS" "But I'll tell you the real reason for 'preparedness' The American capitalists, are financing the Euro pean war; they are supplying the munitions of war and the methods of destruction. They are not selling for cash but on credit. Millions of dollars are today bought with pieces of paper with crooked marks on it, promissory notes, and the banking interests are furnishing money to the manufacturers so they can pay wages and buy supplies. These promises to pay are piling up higher and higher. Some day there will be an end to this European war and then over there In Europe they will get around a table —It's a pity they didn't get around a table before the war broke out (applauce) — and then they will discuss the question of settlement. "Suppose, gentlemen, that they de cide to hold the munition manufac turers of America responsible? Sup pose they refuse to pay the robber prices which American manufactur ers have been charging them. Sup pose they agree to pay only what things are worth, or perhaps even to repudiate the whole thing. Then a big army and navy would be a good thing for the American capitalist to have at that time. They would like to send us working men abroad as collectors for them. I tell you we refuse! (Prolonged applause.) "I want to be frank with you. We absolutely refuse to be dragged into this thing. We are sick and tired of being turned into fodder for cannons and then have to pay the bills be sides. You are going to tax us to pay for 'preparedness' and then you propose to go into our homes and take out our brothers and fathers and sons and use them for fighting. If It's right to take a poor man's life, it's right to take the rich man's for i tune. WE are going to have some voice in this thing." PREPARATIONS MADE FOR LYCEUM SPEAKERS Arrangemnts are being completed for the series of three great lectures by the trio of National Lyceum speak ers, including America's gifted ora tor, George R. Kirkpatrick author of the world's greatest anti-war book, "War -What For?" and the famous cartoonist, Ryan Walker, creator of the immortal Mr. Henry Dubb and family, followed by Comrade Emil Seidel, former mayor of Milwaukee, and one of the most interesting speak ers on the American lecture platform. Comrades living on the Island should arrange with Comrade Pralher for a special trip for each of the three Sun day afternoons on which these lec tures are to be given, and no comrade within a reasonable distance of Ever ett should fail to plan for a trip to this city on these dates: Sunday, March 26; April 2, and April 9. Dr. Cook reports that the inhabi tants of Borneo are not wild at all. But then, he has just returned from Kurope with the Ford pilgrims, and such a judgment is purely relative. —New York Tribune. BVERETT, WASHINGTON, THURSDAY, PBB. 24, 1916. Kill The Bloody Liuft For War An additional task has I a bur dened upon the nil lulu r hip of I In1 allsi and labor union movemenl bj President Wilson's recent Invasion of the middle ue.i With the aid of ihe capital! it press, ]lng i all, the president has revived the bloody lUSI for war that was being rapidly 81 tingutshed, It is the duly of the So cialist movement lo again sweep baelt this rising, crimson tide of uncon trollable passion. \\'e must put the nation back into a straight jacket un til it again Her; itself from the de sire to kill. We can do il. President Wilson made it clear on his western lour that he did not iVar an invasion of Hie United Stales by any foreign foe. Then why this pre paredness? The president answered that question when lie pointed out, in no unmistakable words, that the western hemisphere must be saved for exclusive exploitation by the proflt< era of the United states. The United Stall's must have an Invincible navy and an unconquerable army so that we can save Mexico for the Standard Oil Co. and the Inter national Harvester Co., so that the West. Indies can he robbed exclu sively by the sugar trust and Central America by the fruit trust. The broad plains and fertile prairies of Argentine and other South American countries must be reserved for the American beef baron and wheat king, to be plundered even as our own "Golden West." The slogan of the Wilson administration is, "The Amer icas for our own American profi teers." LABOR NOT NEEDED NOW That explains why President Wil son, on his western tour, spoke only to audiences of "industrial, commer cial and professional men." He did n't care about the workers in the cities and the farmers in the rural districts. They will not be needed until called upon to protect, with their blood and their lives, American dollars Invested in other lands. Read what President. Wilson said: "We are not now thinking of invasion of the territory of the United Stales. That is not what is making us anx ious. We are not asking ourselves: Shall we be prepared to defend our own shores and our own homes? Is that all that we etand for? To keep the door securely shut against ene- SUPPRESS SOCIALISM WITH WAR SAYS OWEN Advocates Lawlessness and Violence Senator Robt. \i. Owen's theory of national preparedness, as sketched at the luncheon discussion of the Re publican Club, is internal efficiency. The Oklahoma senator's suggestion for achieving a certain degree of this efficiency was that the government gather together the country's unem ployed young men, pay them accord ing to a wage scale that would not compete with industrial wage scales or private enterprise and employ their time partly In military training and partly in useful work. He would have the government devote part of each man's day to instruction in use ful mechanical arts and sciences. Senator Owen asserted that Europe would be enjoying profound peace to day if a referendum vote had been taken before the war. Before the The Davis Family IN THEIR ROARING FARCE COMEDY "A Country Boy" IN THE FORUM Sunday, Feb. 27, 8:00 P. M. The above will be preceded and followed by vocal and band selections, recitations and a series of cartoons. ADMISSION 15c, TWO FOR 25c. CHILDREN 10c. By J. L KNGDAHL hi;' Certainly not!" of course, the president partly shrouds ibis clear cut dei laration by prating about "liberty of government and national Independence in the whole wi Bl in hemisphere." Only the oilier day. however, Hie president in rea< htnj mil ihe band of '■run American friendship' to the other capitalist r.overimienlH of thll western world, declared for an agree ment prohibiting the shipment of mv nltlona from any Am rieau republic lo revolutionary forces in another, constituting a denial ol Hie right of rei olution, in other words, the United States i not only going to guarantee the safe exploitation of Hie western world by American capitalists against the dollar interests of Kurope; but it Is also going to guarantee Hie malnten ance of capitalist governments over the protest of the enlightened prole tarial of any country in North and South America, The United state. was born as Hie result of a revolu tion. Now 11. is gofng to deny the right of revolution to the* peoples of other countries in order to insure "domestic peace" under capitalist ex ploitation. Where is the memory of Colorado, Michigan and West Virgin ia? Since when diil the United States give up the right to protest, by revo lution if necessary, against the reg nant plutocracy? Wilson Dangerous Jingo President Wilson is more danger ous than other jingoes Roosevelt, fo." instance. Roosevelt shrieks for war, for blood, for battleships and soldiers and when he is the guest of honor at a Gary steel trust banquet, no one questions where he stands. Presi dent Wilson is different. He is will ing to compromise on an increase in Ihe army and navy, just a little bit bigger this year than last. And the appropriations next year will sur pass by just, a little those of this year. Tims, in a few years, the Wil son program cannot help but satisfy even the ravings of a Roosevelt. But, by Wilson's method, the great bur den of militarism will have been so deftly thrust upon the backs of the American people that they will won der how it ever got there. 'Remem ber, WILSON IS MORE DANGER OUS THAN ROOSEVELT! Biggest Navy on Earth The profit patriots howled with glee when President Wilson, at St. United States should go to war with a weak country, he would have a ref erendum vote of the people who would have to pay the price. "Either you will have a democracy of advanced intelligence," he said*) "capable of dealing wisely with hu man life, or a Socialism you do not want. Then war may be necessary to suppress Socialism." One hundred questions answered on Scientific Socialism in the Scientific Socialism study Course pamphlet we • arc offering ut t'i p rate of five for twenty-five cents. Order now. Filly dollar* from the Electrical Worker*. That will put some new lite into us. What kind of a shock are. you going to give us? Comrade Blmer McCullougb of Dav enport is to be the Socialist corres pondent to the Davenport Tribune. Who is next? Louis, declared the navy of lite Unit ed stales should be the largest, in the world. The navy is the Instrument of aggression, of attack, We do not. need the largest navy, nor nearly the largest navy in the world, lo defend I lie United States against attack. The monarchs of our plutocracy, however, need a giant navy to carry their pir ate liar, of big business across the ea io battle the commerce of other lands. When President Wilson de clares for the largest navy in the world he puts himself on record as Favoring a world bI niggle for mar kets the right of the American capl talisl lo exploit any nation anywhere on til!' face of the earth. Combat Our Own Ruling Class Our greatest task in the present hour of the great trial now facing the world's civilization is to combat, with all the power we; possess, the ruling i la IS of our own country. 'l he coming years will tell the great service we did the .Mexican republic in preventing intervention by the Unit ed States, The best that, is in the Mexican people is now coming to the top. But our work is not at an end. We must conquer the. ruling class at homo so that it cannot, exploit the peoples abroad in times of peace. The International Harvester trust still has power enough to shackle more slaves in the hemp fields of Yucatan. Ex ploitation of human flesh in the Mex ican oil field will not end so long as the Standard Oil trust is organized for the purpose of coining profits for "John D." and his pals. We rejoiced when we heard the peoples of China had established their republic. The first president of the republic was heralded as a Socialist. But we had not conquered the Amer ican capitalist and now capitalism is seeking to force an emperor upon the Chinese people in the face of a bloody revolution. The Chinese republic started out to conserve the resources of the land for the benefit of the peo ple.- But the Standard Oil trust and other American trusts, through cor ruption and dark conspiracy, secured a grip upon the natural resources of the country, and are now seeking to perpetuate their power to exploit the people of China. It is written where we can all read: WE MUST FIRST CONQUER THE RULING CLASS OF THE UNITED STATES. THUS WE CAN BEST SERVE THE WORKING CLASS IN OTHER LANDS. LOCAL MONROE RENDERS AID AND BUYS AMMU- NITION Monroe, Wn., 2-19-16. Northwest Worker, Everett, Wash. Comrades: Local Monroe will help as best we can to keep our Fighting Paper in the field, hence the enclosed list of twenty names of Monroe school teach ers to be shot at for 25 cents worth of Mental Dynamite, paid for by the Local, in shape of the best fighting paper on the Coast. On Friday night, March 3rd, we will have a card party and lunch, seats to be ten cents each; also some good music Yea, you are all welcome. I'KESS COMMITTEE, Local Monroe. "Safety First." See that our ad vertisers get your trade. Eledtrical Workers Give Fifty Dollars As Birthday Present Forum Crowded To The Doors SOME BIRTHDAY PARTY Northwest Worker Enters Sixth Year of Service Stronger Than Ever JOLLY CROWD TURNS OUT TO CELEBRATE OCCASION Electrical Workers Give Audience a Thriller Last Sunday evening the Reds of Everett and suburban districts met in The Forum, 1612 California St., to Celebrate the Sixth Birthday of The Northwest Worker, known at first as The Commonwealth, then as The Washington Socialist, and now as the best paper of its kind in—well, this .state, anyway. "Modesty," etc. And it. was some birthday party! In the rear of the hall there was a most inspiring display of fancy work, donated to the paper by the women comrades of the state. (We insist upon paying for these gifts with sub scription cards, as part of our "pre paredness" campaign). No one in the hall failed to appreciate the spirit of loyalty symbolized by those dainty articles, the handiwork of women who know. They came from all parts of the state, thus evidencing the fact that the service of The Northwest Worker is recognized by coVnrades ! everywhere as being part and parcel j of the state organization, though di rectly under the control of but one county. It performs the proper func tions of a state-owfed paper but. with out the greater expense and compli cated machinery incident to such pub lication. So the articles on display ] Sunday evening had a significance and value apart from their material worth. A most enjoyable feature of the Dirthday Party was a gift of an even ing of music by the well-known Don nelly's orchestra. The selections ren dered by this excellent organization of union musicians were rendered with the precision and spirit charac teristic of this orchestra, and were most heartily enjoyed by all present. Besides the music of the orchestra, there were several special music fea tures introduced along with the lit erary program, including a delight fully rendered piano solo by Miss lia ble Hansley, a flute duet by Comrades Theodore Boer and Carl Melmgren, accompanied by Miss Westberg, at the piano, and a violin<~ello solo by Comrade Svarrer, accompanied by his little daughter Hattie. Comrade Mark liartlet gave a splendid reading of a poem on the soap-box orator and his message, which brought down the house. It was both humorous and instructive. Our talented county secretary, Carl Ulonska, recited most effectively Vic tor Hugo's celebrated prose poem "The Breaking of the Neva." Comrade Jay Olfnser was called upon for one of his inititable straight- from-the-shoulder off-hand talks. And he was there with the goods, as al ways. His graphic manner of stating and driving home truths that should be better realized by the Reds theun- Fifteen Dollars From Local Trafton Arlington, Wn., Feb. 21, 1916. Northwest Worker, Kverett, Wash. Dear Comrades: I am enclosing money order for $15, the proceeds of our fish-pond social held Saturday evening. We did better than we had reason to believe we would, as times are so hard and money is so scarce among the workers. We took in $19.80. The necessary expenses amounted to $4.80 and I am sending the balance of $15 to you for OUR paper. We wish all of the comrades throughout the state to know how much we appreciate the work that the paper is doing for the cause of Socialism. We expect to keep up the work by giving these en- selves elicited frequent outbreaks of applause. Comrade I,outitt was called upon for a story, which concluded the pro gram. We don't mention the chair man and his little speech from the chair, not because we want to slight anybody, but because "self-praise Is no praise," and we're going to invitq you to follow the crowd to the ban quet room; there a generous oyster stew had been prepared for all pres ent. "Lets get in on this!" A CLASS BY THEMSELVES We mention the part, taken by the Electrical Workers' Union separately, as these workers form a class all by themselves. It was like this: During the even ing's entertainment, the secretary of the said union, Comrade Worswick, handed the chairman a letter to be jread to the audience. As the letter j itself is far more eloquent that any thing we can write, we give it ver batim herewith, adding only that the generous co-operation of this union sent a visible thrill of pleasure and gratification through the large audi epce, who warmly applauded the let ter when read. Perhaps it will be well to say right here that this gift of the Electrical Workers lias saved the day for The Northwest Worker, coming in the nick of time, as collec tions have been more unsatisfactory even than we had anticipated, and it is difficult to see how we could have avoided missing an issue of the paper. A little better effort on the part of /individual comrades throughout the i state from now on will keep The Northwest Worker out of danger, as the worst period has now been passed. HIGHLY APPRECIATED BIRTHDAY REMEMBRANCE Everett, Feb. 20th, 1916. The Northwest Worker. Enclosed please find check for $50. Local Union No. 191, I. B. E. W., pre- sents this as a Birthday Gift to The Northwest Worker, wishing it many happy returns of the day, and hoping it will live long to educate, and assist the historic mission of the workers to emancipate themselves from all forms of wage-slavery. A. BUNDT, President. JOHN WORSWICK, Kin, Secretary. j Prepare to abolish preparedness! ' LOCAL MONROE GIVES SUCCESSFUL DANCE Monroe, Feb. 21, 1916. Northwest Worker. Comrades—On Saturady night, Feb. 19th, Local Monroe gave a dance at Parkplace in the Park Place Hall. Seventy tickets were sold at 50 cents each. Lunch, consisting of coffee and sandwiches or doughnuts, was served at ten cents per plate. There was a good attendance, and every one had a good time. Danced until after two o'clock PRESS COMMITTEE, Local Monroe. tertainments from time to time. There were about ninety people present, including children. We had two fish-ponds—a ten-cent one for the grown folks and a five-cent one for the children. When the packages were all gone there was still a crowd waiting for more. There seems to be something very attractive about these Socialist fish-ponds. I hope that some of the other locals j will try this method of entertainment, i There is no end to the fun in it. The next affair of the kind will be in strawberry time. Wishing you the best of success for I the next year, I remain, Yours for Socialism, COXA DONAHUE. Sec. Local Trafton. No. 268