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OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THH SOCIALIST PARTY OF SNOHOMISH AND STEVENS COUNTIES 6c per ropy ; $1.00 per your. MILWAUKEE SOCIALIST BEATS NON-PARTISAN FOR MAYOR D.W. HO AN, SOCIALIST CANDIDATE FOR MAYOR, HAS BEEN ELECTED BY A SUBSTANTIAL MAJORITY. SKVKKAL ALDKKMKN HAVE KKEN ELECTED. NEWS IN BRIEF German "stay at homo" editors are criticising German women because thoy arc weeping over their lost hus hands ami sons and lamenting because their children are starving. And the same thing is happening in every country. Wo sugge t thai ilu-se pa triotic t !) editors turn their jobs Over to women and hike to the trenches. On the same day that .ill tho Now York dailies heralded the fad in big headlines that the U. .^. troops had crossed into Mexico, a total of four men enlisted in tho army in the city of Now York. Sub cards are made with tho idea of making it easier for you to got subs. Prop us a post card for some tut) cards. LAWRENCE. Mass. One of tho latest "efficiency" schemes to bo in troduced has made its appearance in a big paper mill here. If a worker i> compelled to retire to the lavatory he presses an electric button which noti fies a clerk in the office, who in turn presses another button, which opens the door to the closet. The exit ami return to worn is made by the same button-pressing process. (St'idel Dates, I'age 2, Column 5) WASHINGTON.—The House twice refused to insert in the Hay army bill provisions designed by Meyer London and Representative Keating to pro hibit use of the national guard by the states for strike duty. The Dupont Powder workers in 100 years has grown from $30,000 to $258,263,220 in assets. It pays to agi tate for war. Three Socialist school directors, one road supervisor, two auditors, and the judge and inspector of elections have been elected to office in Oil Creek, Pa. OKLAHOMA CITY, Okla.—Social ist Party locals report that Eugene V. Debs has spoken to crowded houses in every county of the state visited by him, and that Socialist sentiment in dicates a great increase of the party vote. THE GLORY OF BATTLE! "I asked the boys if there were any prisoners," said Private Johnson, dis cussing the battle at Columbus, N. M., "and they answered that nobody took any. I know I brained one black Mex ican with an axe." Glory! BLUEFIELD, W. Va.—Bodies of nine miners, victims of an explosion of gas in the King Coal and Coke com pany mine at Vivian, W. Va., were taken from the workings. GLASGOW. —Twenty-three striking ammunition workers were fined $25 each for rioting. (Seidel Dates, I'a«e 2, Column 5) Governor Carlson's latest service to the cause of industrial tyranny in Colorado is his threat to use the State militia to drive 700 striking smi employes back to woi k at the Lead ville plant of the Guggenheim Smelt ing Trust. The strikers, remembering Ludlow, have gone back to work. Nearly !50 per cent of the wage earners In Ohio receive less than $1 a week, according to the report by the department of investigation and sta tistics of Ohio. Fifty-seven per cent got less than $15 a week, and only (i per cent received ¥25 a week or more. ERIE, Pa. Socialists here are plan ning an encampment June 18 to 27, to take in all counties in Western Penn sylvania and several in Eastern Ohio which will be the opening gun of the 1910 campaign in this district. Sev enty-five tents already have been sold and at least 300 will be occupied. (Emit Seidel, Everett, April 9) LECTURES HELD DURING NEXT WEEK Lockwood Lecture Dates Saturday, April 8, Sunny side; Sun. April 9, Prosserj Mon. April 10, Ken newick; Tues. April 11, Pasco; Wed, Apr. 12, Benge; Thurs. Apr. 18, Wash tucna; Friday, April 14, Dayton; Sat. Apr1. 15, Pomeroy; Sun. April 16, Star buck. Katterfeld Lecture Dales Friday, April 14, Sauk; Sat. Apr. 15, Bayview; Sun. April 16 (2 p. m.), An acortes; Sunday, April 10 (8 p. m.), INDICTMENTS AGAINST STEEL TRUST mSHISSKI) Judge W. S. Anderson dismissed the indictments brought against Klbert 11. Gary and the Steel Trust by a (Jiiiud Jury. Judge Anderson ruled that labor is not a commodity, and that as t\ con sequence, there can be no indictments. The workers of Kast Youngstown struck for higher wages and better Conditions. Armed guards and militia men were called in. The workers at tempted to cross a bridge leading to the company's plant and were met by a fusilade Ol bullets. Four workers were killed and several injured. Hired thugs Started riots In order to get "public opinion" on the company's side. The Grand Jury after thoroughly re viewing the case, charged the steel Trust and city officials with violating the anti-trust law and conspiring to keep down wages. And now Judge W. S. Anderson who looks like a tool of the Steel Trust > says the jury of responsible itizens are wrong in their findings. 3o King Clary goes free and the slaves of the Steel Trust will continue to grind out profits for a man that -hould have been in Sing Sing long ago. (Seidel Dates, l'age 2, Column 5) WHAT IS A STRIKE? WASHINGTON.—"No member of the National Guard shall be called up on to perform duty in the suppression of .strikes." Meyer London, Socialist Congress man from New York, offered this amendment recently to the military reorganization bill under considera tion by the House of Representatives. The adoption of London's amend ment would have prohibited the capi talists from using the National Guard as a strikebreaking agency. Chairman Hay, of the House com mittee on military affairs, made a point of order against London's amendment. Garrett, of Tennessee, in the chair, sustained the point of order, declaring that "strikes" was too vague a term to make the amendment, ger mane. London thereupon offered a second amendment to cure the vagueness: The second amendment read: "No member of the National Guard ,;hall be called upon to perform duty in connection with any controversy between capita! and labor." This amendment was also ruled out. STRIKE—The act of quitting work; specifically, such an act by a body of workmen, done as a means of enforc ing compliance with demands made on their employer.—Webster's Interna tional Dictionary. (Kmil Seidel, Everett, April 9) THE POIItTCAL POT Uy Watts. Send in items of interest for the Northwest Worker. Use the Open Forum for short articles voicing your . lea on the great questions we are trying to solve. How many sub cards do you want.'.' The Primary Law is working a tfreat hardship on the old parties. They would like to be rid of it for this year, but there's nothing doinjf. The law was made to fool the Socialists but it is working a greater hardship on the old parties than on us. The Democratic machine of the State of Washington is worrying over whether to Ret out straight Democrat ic tickets or Non-partisan. The non partisan is claimed to be ideal for the purpose of getting Democrats into of fice. The Republicans an- getting togeth er by means of a series of love feasts. They are, however, awaiting the out come of the Chicago convention. All the proposed initiative hills Bave one, and all of the referendum meae have been backed by the same parties. The ballot will look like a November. One thing ire <if and that is that there won't be any "meat" in it. It will In' op. n are running short ami mere wasters are hunting them. EVERETT, WASHINGTON. THURSDAY, APRILS, L 916. The Stone & Webster Octopus; Their Wealth and Power K\ BRETT BUT SMALL AREA SUCKED IIV GIANT TENTACLES Who Are Slonc and Web.ster? Everett citizens who wonder why the Stone Webster corporation are able to continue gouging them, despite the existence of ;i state public service commission, need only i<> ascertain the extent of their wealth and the source of their power to understand clearly that efforts to loosen the hold ol" even one of Iho suckers of its nu merous tentacles is apt to prove futile tinder existing conditions, t'hnrles A. Stone lias just been made head ol' the Rockefeller $60,000,000 American International .Corporation, whose purpose is to "develop Ameri ca's investments and commerce abroad." Tile full significance of Stone it Webster's association is not generally understood. Nearly 100 important public service works in the Bast, South and Northwest are under the firm's control. Charles A. Stone and Kdwin S. Web ster, graduates of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, formed their partnership in 1889. Their success in designing a power plant for the Cum berland Mills, Westbrook,' Me., in 1881>, made their reputation, and they were led to specialize in public utilities. Financial depression ill the early 'KO's caused the failure of many elec tric power companies. Stone & Web ster at once went into the work of de veloping, refinancing and reorganizing such public service corporations. Rockefeller began to invest in bonds of the principal companies, through the National City Bank, which in turn acted through banks in Boston. The latter operated through several firms, of whom Kidder, Peabody & Co. was the most active. And for this firm Stone & Webster were consulting en gineers. Through the Kidder-Peabody con cern the Rockefeller connections of American International Corporation, of which Stone now is head, are some of the company's biggest captains of industry, the General Electric, United States Steel, Westinghouse Electric and many other corporations being represented on the directorate of the §50,000,000 represented. FOREIGN ENTERPRISES Their first steps will doubtless be the promotion of engineering and manufacturing enterprises in Russia and Argentina. The cor poration will either- carry out these works for an estimated sum or finance and equip them and retain control. All contracts will specify the use of American-manufactured goods of the firms represented in the corporation. Thus the promoters will soon have big increases in dividends. The only novelty in this plan is the extensive field it will cover. It has already been successfully tried out in the American public utility and elec tric power fields. liut the operations of the new Rockefeller, Stone & Web ster corporation are to be world-wide and will cover shipping, railroad build ing and management, mining, metal lurgical, chemical and public service corporations. The control of such foreign monopo lies by a few Wall Street financiers is bound to give them a power in Amer ica even greater than they have to day, and one they can use in whatever way they please. As they also control tEmil Seidel | Was Elected Mayor of the City of Milwau kee in 1910 By 27,608 When in 1912 he was defeated for the same office by a coalition of the parties against him he received 30,206 votes. Mr. Seidel is a forceful, sincere and in- All Thinking People Will Want to Hear Him j LIBERTY HALL, SUNDAY, APRIL 9, TH E the Ini c,<■ .t of American financial and Trust companies, the National City industrial corporations, theii political Bank ami the hi t National Bank, all power must become within a few years New York concerns, have 341 dlrec world wide. I tors In li ' corporations with aggre- ll' the results expected by the pro motei'H of the American International Corporation are only half realized, In the words of a far-Meing Htudeni of Wall Street, "THERI WILL RISE Ul' IX.AMKKK'A ONK OF THE MOST POWERFUL PLUT&CRACIES THE WORLD HAS EVER SEEN, THREATENING OUR COUNTRY WITH POLITICAL PROBLEMS MORE INVOLVED AND PRESSING THAN ANY WK HAVK YET HAH TO CONTKND WITH." STONE-WEBSTER WEALTH A DAN GEROUS POWER In a single year the seventy or mure companies managed by the Stone & Webster Manage ment Association.earned (gross) $26,688,521 ; their net earnings were $11,104,764; they paid an interest charge of $4,432,104, dividends of $4,184,476, and had a balance for reserves and depre ciation of $2,010,868. Their street railways owned 1,299 miles of single trackage and car ried .'541,255,000 persons in a sin gle year. The electrical properties de veloped a commercial power load of approximately 179,880 horse power and an electric lighting load equal to 2,41*?£20 16-c«nHle power lamps. The total gas out put was 1,754,158,300 cubic feet. The various companies employ about 20,000 men. A few of the most profitable Stone & Webster concerns are: Puget Sound Traction, Light & Power Company, controlling power stations, traction, gas and electric companies in the Puget Sound and Tacoma district, with a capitalization of $40,000,000 and gross earnings of nearly .$9,000,000 a year; the Dallas Electric Corporation, (lalveston- Houston Electric Company, Mis sissippi River Power Company (Keokuk, Iowa) and Northern Texas Electric Company. ONE MAN'S POWER THE MORGAN INTERESTS .). P. Morgan acknowledged upon the witness stand that he was abso lute dictator over corporal ions with a combined capital of twenty-six bil lion dollars. Can you form some idea of the vastnesa of this sum of money. Can you picture s(i regiments com posed of a thousand men each passing in review and every man a niillian aire; then just think of Morgan con trolling the total wealth of all I What, chance in the competitive field has the little capitalist with only one million? Fifty years ago a man who con trolled $26,000 was a big man in the commercial and industrial struggle, but now he is only a "piker" in the business world. Including J. Pierpont Morgan's firm, the Guarantee and Bankers' OWNED AND CONTROLLED BY THE SOCIALIST PARTY OF SNOHOMISH COUNTY MORGAN AM) ROCKEFEL LER INTERESTS ALLIED In railroads, industrial concerns and in public utility enterprises the so called Rockefeller interests represent a larger aggregate of capital than do the Morgan interests. And, further than this, these two big Interests are themselves quite directly allied and are becoming more closely cemented in both their plans and motives, as the years go by. And outside of these two great groups are half a dozen other smaller groups of capitalists which between them represent in cor porate control easily fifteen billions more of capitalized values. These out side groups ate identified, both in in terest and other important ways, with cipher the Morgan or Rockefeller groups, and thus we may, in present ing tin exhibit of concentrated control of corporate undertakings, fairly state that ■ capitalized valuation of prob ably thirty-five billions of dollars is concentrated in the hands and under the control of not more than a dozen men. Now, what do these figures, if ana lyzed, signify? Instead of merely signifying that one-tenth of the estimated wealth of the nation is under Wall Street con trol, we find that about 35 per cent is under such control. And as all of this great mass of capital is represent ed by corporate firms, it is worth while to ascertain what percentage of the total corporate capitalization of the country is represented by this $35, --000,000,000. A careful estimate of the corporate capitalization now existing in the United States, including railroads, in dustrial and commercial corporations, public utility companies, banking, In surance and trust companies, indicates that, outside of small, close business corporations owned by individuals, the total corporate capitalization in par value in the United States at present is not over $43,000,000,000. The wealth of the United States is in the neigh borhood of $110,000,000,000, of which about fill per cent is represented by realty values, the balance being tangi ble property of thousands of different kinds. So that we see, after all, that the trend toward concentration in corporate control has now extended so far that approximately 80 per cent of all the vital corporate capital of the country is under the domination or control of this powerful group of Wall Street interests which we have refer red to. 65,000 SLAVES! The census figures show that the average annual value added to the raw material by every worker engaged in manufacturing in 1909 was $1,290. The average annual wage paid these workers was $618, The difference is How many workmen would Morgan need to produce his annual income of $60,000,000, if each worker produced for him an average annual value of of $772? He would have 64,766 men laboring for him exclus ively. These are eye-opening figures. The r>4,7(>(; wage-slaves who work for the exclusive benefit of Mr. Morgan and THE CORPORATION SHOULD BE SOCIAL AND CO-OPERATIVE lsy 11. L. Call. If present industrial and social con ditions are the result alone of human institutions; and if the false and vici ous notion that man's natural state is one of warfare and hatred, is alone responsible therefor; then these insti tutions and conditions can claim no warrant or justification for their con tinued existence. And if government is but the intelligence of collective so ciety, and must ever act in adapting its institutions to industrial and other conditions, —then what task so fit for it now to perform as to remedy the error it has committed, and properly conform our institutions to present industrial society? If industrial society is co-operative in its nature, then should our institu tions be also co-operative. The corporation should never have been created at all, or should have pro vided for the real co-operation of all the interests supplanted by it, labor as well as capital, instead of being made the creature of capital alone. But, above all, the public nature of this mere creature of law should never have been lost sight of, and it should have ever been, and remained, under public supervision and control; this to protect alike labor, investors and the public, and prevent its exploitation in the interests of private greed. If capital desired to enter upon in dividual or partnership undertakings, it could have done so. But when the aid of the law was invoked, as by the corporation, then the law had the right to prescribe the exact and absolute terms upon which . the combination should take place. And these terms should have conformed to the nature and requirements of existing society, and not to old and outgrown dogmas. If we may not compel the premature ■uloption by society of ideal institu tions, neither, on the other hand, can we perpetrate that other absurdity and hold society in conditions it has outgrown; thereby fostering hate and antagonism, in the midst of an indus trial evolution the principle of which is peaceful co-operation and combined effort. Thus, by these simple and nec essary provisions, the corporation would have been made the servant, instead of. as now, the master of in dustrial society: and this without in the least interfering with its greatest possible extension, and widest range of usefulness. And what government thus failed to do in the first instance, it must yet do. If we see an individual pursuing a mistaken course, we advise him to reform his conduct, and thus avert his ruin. Even so of human institutions. Only by radical reform can grave so cial and industrial diseases be eradi cated; and any compromise or partial measures can but end in disappoint ment. ITHLIC UTILITIES MUST HE COLLECTIVELY CON TROLLED In the first place, public utilities, such as railways, street railways, gas and electric lighting, and the like, as also banks, trust companies, insurance companies, and like institutions, should forever be taken from under corporate control. The mere fact that they are public ervicea, in which the whole commun ity is interested renders it unsafe to exploit them for profit. The citizen cannot provide himself with such ser vices; anil if these are given over to private corporations for their profit, must either go without the services, or pay whatever they see fit to extort. But he cannot ordinarily go without the services; and hence they charge, as a rule, "all the traffic will bear;" and the public must satisfy their de mands, or its crops must go unmar vote accordingly should be certain to have nothing to do with Socialism for fear it would divide up the wealth and destroy the home. (Emil Seidel, Monroe, April 10) ROCKEFELLER'S INCOME Rockefeller's income is not less than $60,000,000 a year, or aboul $6,845 an hour. One-half of the male adult wo, in the United States earn less than ■ a year; three-quarters of them earn less than $600 a year; and but one-tenth eari !800 annually. In the ranks of the women wage-earn ers, the figures are even less; one fifth earn less than $200 a year; nine tenths receive less than $500; one twentieth are paid more than $600 an nually. No. 274. keted, its supplies be withheld, and the use of money and of all other pub lic services be denied. To give this power to private greed, is as though we were to license highwaymen at ev ery street corner, or cross-roads, to hold up the helpless passer-by. Such surrender of the interests of its citi zens, is not the part of an enlightened government of free people; but repre sents, instead, the betrayal of the in terests of the people, by their public servants, for the paltry dollars of these corporations. It enslaves a peo ple, and besieges them, and cuts off their means of life and supply, except as they pay tribute to the corporations to whom they and all their labor and means of living are sold. That these franchises and properties should be reclaimed, goes without say ing. No plea of "vested rights" can be heard to the contrary; for the max im is universal that "private must yield to public welfare"; and obedient to this maxim, the citizen's property was condemned, and even his home taken from him, in the building of these highways. Much less, then, in the restoration to the people of these, their inalienable rights, involving their liberty and even their lives in the tru est sense, can any such plea avail the corporations, whose possession has never been anything but wrongful, and who have already so largely profited by that wrong. The trust itself should, moreover, be taken posession of and operated "by the people. Had the corporation been made in the beginning co-operative and public, instead of an instrument of private Treed, then in the natural evolution if industry it would have extended it self as now, but all the benefits would have gone to the people, and the cor poration would have been their servant nstead of their master. But since -his wise and only rational course was adopted; and since, through our nistake, and the fraud practiced upon is, the corporations have seized upon ill the products of labor and supplies of life of a whole people, with the pow a to dictate absolute terms both to •.he world of labor and of living—then Ihere remains now no other alternative han for the people themselves to take ] ossession of these trusts, even as they nust take possession of their public iervice corporations. Were the corporation itself innocent of any taint or fraud, its development nto the trust would, nevertheless, make this a right, and necessary, thing to do. The control of a people's pro ducts and supplies, like their liberties or their lives, cannot be bartered or TTiven away; and were they voluntar ily to make such surrender, they must vet have the right to repudiate the folly upon coming to their senses. The very nature of the rights parted -vith raises the presumption, not to be ebutted, that they were ignorant of the nature of their act. But the corporation has not been in nocent of the taint of fraud. On the ontrary, it has been the creature of orruption and fraud from the very beginning. The lobbyists of these corporations have filled every legisla- Uve body; and their agents have mas queraded as the servants of the peo ple, while building up the power and wealth of the corporations, until this lias reached the point where trusts are possible. (Emil Seidel, Monroe, April 10) MASS MEETING TUESDAY AT THE HIGH SCHOOL A mass meeting has been called for all voters of Everett and vicinity, to hear discussions by various speakers, and volunteers, on the initiative meas ures now being circulated for signa tures. President E. P. Marsh, of the State Federation of Labor, will be the principal speaker, and will give a brief outline of what the various proposed laws really mean to the average citi zen. As every citizen of Everett will ailed upon within the next sixty either to sign the initiative peti -1 ona or refuse to sign them, he, or she, .should certainly make it a point to at tend the mass meeting, to be held in the High School Auditorium next Tuesday evening, at 8 p. m. The average man goes where stern necessity drives him. It drives count numbers to war, suicide, imprison ment, and insanity. It will never be until the average man nd understands Socialism and helps to put it into operation.